Indians of Ohio

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''[[United States|United States]] &gt; [[Ohio|Ohio]] &gt; Indians of Ohio''<br>
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''[[United States|United States]] &gt; [[Ohio|Ohio]] &gt; Indians of Ohio''<br>  
  
 
Ohio is a Iroquoian word meaning "great river".  
 
Ohio is a Iroquoian word meaning "great river".  
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There were eight prominent tribes comprising the Ohio Territory.  
 
There were eight prominent tribes comprising the Ohio Territory.  
  
* The [http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=579 Chippewa] and [http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=614 Ottawa] came down from Ontario and the upper Great Lakes area.  
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*The [http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=579 Chippewa] and [http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=614 Ottawa] came down from Ontario and the upper Great Lakes area.  
 
*The [http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=584 Delaware] were from the New Jersey and Delaware region.  
 
*The [http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=584 Delaware] were from the New Jersey and Delaware region.  
 
*The [http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=597&nm=Iroquois-Indians Iroquois Tribe] was made up of an alliance of six tribes; the Mohawks, the Oneidas, the Onondagas, the Cayugas, Senecas, and the Tuscaroras. They drove off most of the other tribes to obtain more hunting and trapping territory.  
 
*The [http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=597&nm=Iroquois-Indians Iroquois Tribe] was made up of an alliance of six tribes; the Mohawks, the Oneidas, the Onondagas, the Cayugas, Senecas, and the Tuscaroras. They drove off most of the other tribes to obtain more hunting and trapping territory.  
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*The [http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=608 Mingos] name was given to a group of Mohawks, Cayugas, and Caughnawagas; they lived in the Southeast Ohio Territory.  
 
*The [http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=608 Mingos] name was given to a group of Mohawks, Cayugas, and Caughnawagas; they lived in the Southeast Ohio Territory.  
 
*The [http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=631 Shawnees] settled in the South, had migrated from Pennsylvania  
 
*The [http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=631 Shawnees] settled in the South, had migrated from Pennsylvania  
*The [http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=646 Wyandots], lived in the North West and originally came from Ontario.  
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*The [http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=646 Wyandots], lived in the North West and originally came from Ontario.
  
 
The Delaware, Chippewa and Ottawa tribes could be found scattered throughout the Ohio country.  
 
The Delaware, Chippewa and Ottawa tribes could be found scattered throughout the Ohio country.  
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==== Other Ohio Indian Tribes  ====
 
==== Other Ohio Indian Tribes  ====
  
Acolhuans, Adene, Honniasont, Huron, Illinois, Kickapoo, Mosopelea, Neutrals, Ofo, Palaeo, [http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=619 Potawatomi], [http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=629 Seneca], Tuscarora, Wea <ref>Hodge, Frederick Webb. ''Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico''. Washington D.C;&amp;amp;nbsp; Smithsonian Instituition, Bureau of Ethonolgy, Bulletin #30 1907.</ref> <ref>Swanton, John R. [http://www.accessgenealogy.com ''The Indian Tribes of North America"] Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnonlogy Bulletin #145</ref>  
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Acolhuans, Adene, Honniasont, Huron, Illinois, Kickapoo, Mosopelea, Neutrals, Ofo, Palaeo, [http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=619 Potawatomi], [http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=629 Seneca], Tuscarora, Wea <ref>Hodge, Frederick Webb. ''Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico''. Washington D.C;&amp;amp;amp;nbsp; Smithsonian Instituition, Bureau of Ethonolgy, Bulletin #30 1907.</ref> <ref>Swanton, John R. [http://www.accessgenealogy.com ''The Indian Tribes of North America"] Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnonlogy Bulletin #145</ref>  
  
 
== Reservations  ==
 
== Reservations  ==
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Most of the Indians who had lived in Ohio had removed to the West by 1843. One agency covered the interaction between the Indians and the federal government between the War of 1812 and the removal of the Indians. It was initially called the Piqua Agency and was later moved to Columbus and called the Ohio Agency.  
 
Most of the Indians who had lived in Ohio had removed to the West by 1843. One agency covered the interaction between the Indians and the federal government between the War of 1812 and the removal of the Indians. It was initially called the Piqua Agency and was later moved to Columbus and called the Ohio Agency.  
  
[[Ohio_Indian_Agency|Ohio Agency]]<br>
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*[[Ohio Indian Agency|Ohio Agency]]
 
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*[[Piqua Indian Agency (Ohio)|Piqua Agency]]  
[[Piqua_Indian_Agency_(Ohio)|Piqua Agency]]
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== Family History Library  ==
 
== Family History Library  ==
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Some helpful books regarding the Indians of [[Portal:Ohio|Ohio]] are:  
 
Some helpful books regarding the Indians of [[Portal:Ohio|Ohio]] are:  
  
* ''A Country Between: the Upper Ohio Valley and Its Peoples, 1724-1774'' <ref> McConnell, Michael Norman. ''A Country Between: the Upper Ohio Valley and Its Peoples, 1724-1774''. Lincoln, Nebraska: University of Nebraska Press, 1992. (Family History Library book [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=598071&disp=A+country+between%20%20&columns=*,0,0 970.1 M134c].) </ref> A comprehensive history of Native Americans in the states of Ohio, Kentucky, and Pennsylvania.  
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*''A Country Between: the Upper Ohio Valley and Its Peoples, 1724-1774'' <ref> McConnell, Michael Norman. ''A Country Between: the Upper Ohio Valley and Its Peoples, 1724-1774''. Lincoln, Nebraska: University of Nebraska Press, 1992. (Family History Library book [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&amp;titleno=598071&amp;disp=A+country+between%20%20&amp;columns=*,0,0 970.1 M134c].) </ref> A comprehensive history of Native Americans in the states of Ohio, Kentucky, and Pennsylvania.  
*''The Indian Tribes of Ohio Historically Considered: a Preliminary Paper'' <ref> Moorehead, Warren King. ''The Indian Tribes of Ohio Historically Considered: a Preliminary Paper''. New York, New York: AMS Press, 1983. (Family History Library book [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=491569&disp=The+Indian+tribes+of+Ohio+historically+c%20%20&columns=*,0,0 970.1 M788m].) </ref> A reprint of a study done in 1899 by the Ohio Archaeological and Historical Publications.  
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*''The Indian Tribes of Ohio Historically Considered: a Preliminary Paper'' <ref> Moorehead, Warren King. ''The Indian Tribes of Ohio Historically Considered: a Preliminary Paper''. New York, New York: AMS Press, 1983. (Family History Library book [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&amp;titleno=491569&amp;disp=The+Indian+tribes+of+Ohio+historically+c%20%20&amp;columns=*,0,0 970.1 M788m].) </ref> A reprint of a study done in 1899 by the Ohio Archaeological and Historical Publications.  
*''The Delaware and Shawnee Admitted to Cherokee Citizenship and the Related Wyandotte and Moravian Delaware'' <ref> Prevost, Toni Jollay. ''The Delaware and Shawnee Admitted to Cherokee Citizenship and the Related Wyandotte and Moravian Delaware''. Bowie, Maryland: Heritage Books, 1993. (Family History Library book [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=619043&disp=The+Delaware+and+Shawnee+admitted+to+Che%20%20&columns=*,0,0 970.1 P929d].) </ref>
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*''The Delaware and Shawnee Admitted to Cherokee Citizenship and the Related Wyandotte and Moravian Delaware'' <ref> Prevost, Toni Jollay. ''The Delaware and Shawnee Admitted to Cherokee Citizenship and the Related Wyandotte and Moravian Delaware''. Bowie, Maryland: Heritage Books, 1993. (Family History Library book [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&amp;titleno=619043&amp;disp=The+Delaware+and+Shawnee+admitted+to+Che%20%20&amp;columns=*,0,0 970.1 P929d].) </ref>  
*''The Native Tribes of Old Ohio'' <ref> Tregillis, Helen Cox. ''The Native Tribes of Old Ohio''. Bowie, Maryland: Heritage Books, 1993. (Family History Library book [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=684989&disp=The+native+tribes+of+old+Ohio%20%20&columns=*,0,0 970.1 T716n].) </ref>
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*''The Native Tribes of Old Ohio'' <ref> Tregillis, Helen Cox. ''The Native Tribes of Old Ohio''. Bowie, Maryland: Heritage Books, 1993. (Family History Library book [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&amp;titleno=684989&amp;disp=The+native+tribes+of+old+Ohio%20%20&amp;columns=*,0,0 970.1 T716n].) </ref>  
*''Senate Document No. 512, 23rd Congress'' <ref>  Watson, Larry S., ed. Senate Document No. 512, 23rd Congress, 1st Session. Five Volumes. Laguna Hills, California: Histree, 1988. (Family History Library book [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlehitlist&columns=*%2C0%2C0&callno=970.1+W335s 970.1 W335s].) </ref> Documents and correspondence concerning the removal of Native Americans to Oklahoma from various states, including Ohio.
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*''Senate Document No. 512, 23rd Congress'' <ref>  Watson, Larry S., ed. Senate Document No. 512, 23rd Congress, 1st Session. Five Volumes. Laguna Hills, California: Histree, 1988. (Family History Library book [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlehitlist&amp;columns=*%2C0%2C0&amp;callno=970.1+W335s 970.1 W335s].) </ref> Documents and correspondence concerning the removal of Native Americans to Oklahoma from various states, including Ohio.
  
 
Several more sources are listed in the&nbsp;Place Search of the [[Family History Library Catalog Place Search|Family History Library Catalog]] under:  
 
Several more sources are listed in the&nbsp;Place Search of the [[Family History Library Catalog Place Search|Family History Library Catalog]] under:  
  
OHIO - NATIVE RACES
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OHIO - NATIVE RACES  
  
 
== Web Sites  ==
 
== Web Sites  ==
*[http://www.ohiohistoryteachers.org/02/05/05tb.pdf America Indians of Ohio 1654 to 1843]
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*[http://www.censusdiggins.com/native_american_ancestry.html Native American Ancestry]
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*[http://www.ohiohistoryteachers.org/02/05/05tb.pdf America Indians of Ohio 1654 to 1843]  
*[http://www.ancestorquest.com/index-5.html Native American Genealogy] and resource links
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*[http://www.censusdiggins.com/native_american_ancestry.html Native American Ancestry]  
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*[http://www.ancestorquest.com/index-5.html Native American Genealogy] and resource links  
 
*[http://www.pbs4549.org/onestate/herronbi.htm One State, Many Nations; Native Americans of Ohio]
 
*[http://www.pbs4549.org/onestate/herronbi.htm One State, Many Nations; Native Americans of Ohio]
  
 
== Additional Information  ==
 
== Additional Information  ==
*[[Ohio History|Ohio-History]] for a timeline of Ohio. <br>
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*[[Ohio History|Ohio-History]] for a timeline of Ohio.  
 
*[[Ohio Military Records|Ohio-Military Records]] for a list of forts.
 
*[[Ohio Military Records|Ohio-Military Records]] for a list of forts.
==References==
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== References ==
  
 
<references />
 
<references />
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==== Bibliography  ====
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 +
*"Accompanying Pamphlet for Microcopy 1011", National Archives Microfilm Publications, Appendix.
 +
*''American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications''. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998.
 +
*Hill, Edward E. (comp.). ''Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians''. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981.
 +
*Hill, Edward E. ''The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches''. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974.
 +
*''Historical Sketches for Jurisdictional and Subject Headings Used for the Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880''. National Archives Microcopy T1105.
 +
*Hodge, Frederick Webb. ''Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico''. Washington D.C.:Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethonology, Bulletin #30 1907. [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/handbook_american_indians.htm Available online].
 +
*Isaacs. Katherine M., editor. ''Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America''. U.S. Data Sourcebook, Volume 11 Appendices, Bureau of Indian Affairs List of American Indian Reservations, Appendix E, Indian Reservations. Omnigraphics, Inc., 1991.
 +
*National Atlas of the United States of America -- Federal Lands and Indian Reservations [http://www.nationalatlas.gov/printable/images/pdf/fedlands/oh.pdf Available online.]
 +
*''Preliminary Inventory No. 163: Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs''. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Services. [http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~texlance/records/bia(dc)intro.htm Available online]
 +
*Swanton John R. ''The Indian Tribes of North America''. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145 [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/ohio/index.htm Available online].
  
 
[[Category:Ohio]] [[Category:Indians_of_the_United_States]]
 
[[Category:Ohio]] [[Category:Indians_of_the_United_States]]

Revision as of 06:23, 16 May 2009

United States > Ohio > Indians of Ohio

Ohio is a Iroquoian word meaning "great river".

Contents

Tribes and Bands of Ohio

The Ohio Territory had been occupied by the Erie’s, which had become virtually extinct after battling with the Iroquois (1650). Many other Native American tribes relocated in Ohio Territory due to the large influx of European colonies that increasingly spread across their lands.

There were eight prominent tribes comprising the Ohio Territory.

  • The Chippewa and Ottawa came down from Ontario and the upper Great Lakes area.
  • The Delaware were from the New Jersey and Delaware region.
  • The Iroquois Tribe was made up of an alliance of six tribes; the Mohawks, the Oneidas, the Onondagas, the Cayugas, Senecas, and the Tuscaroras. They drove off most of the other tribes to obtain more hunting and trapping territory.
  • The Miamis, migrated from Wisconsin lived in the valleys by the Miami River.
  • The Mingos name was given to a group of Mohawks, Cayugas, and Caughnawagas; they lived in the Southeast Ohio Territory.
  • The Shawnees settled in the South, had migrated from Pennsylvania
  • The Wyandots, lived in the North West and originally came from Ontario.

The Delaware, Chippewa and Ottawa tribes could be found scattered throughout the Ohio country.

Other Ohio Indian Tribes

Acolhuans, Adene, Honniasont, Huron, Illinois, Kickapoo, Mosopelea, Neutrals, Ofo, Palaeo, Potawatomi, Seneca, Tuscarora, Wea [1] [2]

Reservations

As identified in the National Atlas of the United States of America, there are no current federally-recognized reservations in Ohio.

Agencies of the Bureau of Indian Affairs

Most of the Indians who had lived in Ohio had removed to the West by 1843. One agency covered the interaction between the Indians and the federal government between the War of 1812 and the removal of the Indians. It was initially called the Piqua Agency and was later moved to Columbus and called the Ohio Agency.

Family History Library

Some helpful books regarding the Indians of Ohio are:

  • A Country Between: the Upper Ohio Valley and Its Peoples, 1724-1774 [3] A comprehensive history of Native Americans in the states of Ohio, Kentucky, and Pennsylvania.
  • The Indian Tribes of Ohio Historically Considered: a Preliminary Paper [4] A reprint of a study done in 1899 by the Ohio Archaeological and Historical Publications.
  • The Delaware and Shawnee Admitted to Cherokee Citizenship and the Related Wyandotte and Moravian Delaware [5]
  • The Native Tribes of Old Ohio [6]
  • Senate Document No. 512, 23rd Congress [7] Documents and correspondence concerning the removal of Native Americans to Oklahoma from various states, including Ohio.

Several more sources are listed in the Place Search of the Family History Library Catalog under:

OHIO - NATIVE RACES

Web Sites

Additional Information

References

  1. Hodge, Frederick Webb. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington D.C;&amp;amp;nbsp; Smithsonian Instituition, Bureau of Ethonolgy, Bulletin #30 1907.
  2. Swanton, John R. The Indian Tribes of North America" Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnonlogy Bulletin #145
  3. McConnell, Michael Norman. A Country Between: the Upper Ohio Valley and Its Peoples, 1724-1774. Lincoln, Nebraska: University of Nebraska Press, 1992. (Family History Library book 970.1 M134c.)
  4. Moorehead, Warren King. The Indian Tribes of Ohio Historically Considered: a Preliminary Paper. New York, New York: AMS Press, 1983. (Family History Library book 970.1 M788m.)
  5. Prevost, Toni Jollay. The Delaware and Shawnee Admitted to Cherokee Citizenship and the Related Wyandotte and Moravian Delaware. Bowie, Maryland: Heritage Books, 1993. (Family History Library book 970.1 P929d.)
  6. Tregillis, Helen Cox. The Native Tribes of Old Ohio. Bowie, Maryland: Heritage Books, 1993. (Family History Library book 970.1 T716n.)
  7. Watson, Larry S., ed. Senate Document No. 512, 23rd Congress, 1st Session. Five Volumes. Laguna Hills, California: Histree, 1988. (Family History Library book 970.1 W335s.)

Bibliography

  • "Accompanying Pamphlet for Microcopy 1011", National Archives Microfilm Publications, Appendix.
  • American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998.
  • Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981.
  • Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974.
  • Historical Sketches for Jurisdictional and Subject Headings Used for the Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880. National Archives Microcopy T1105.
  • Hodge, Frederick Webb. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington D.C.:Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethonology, Bulletin #30 1907. Available online.
  • Isaacs. Katherine M., editor. Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America. U.S. Data Sourcebook, Volume 11 Appendices, Bureau of Indian Affairs List of American Indian Reservations, Appendix E, Indian Reservations. Omnigraphics, Inc., 1991.
  • National Atlas of the United States of America -- Federal Lands and Indian Reservations Available online.
  • Preliminary Inventory No. 163: Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Services. Available online
  • Swanton John R. The Indian Tribes of North America. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145 Available online.