Indians of Oregon

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The following list of American Indians who have lived in Oregon has been compiled from Hodge's ''Handbook of American Indians...''<ref>Hodge, Frederick Webb. ''Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico''. Washington D.C.:Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #30 1907. [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/handbook_american_indians.htm Available online].</ref> and from Swanton's ''The Indian Tribes of North America''<ref>Swanton John R. ''The Indian Tribes of North America''. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145 [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/oregon/index.htm Available online].</ref>. Some may simply be variant spellings for the same tribe.  
 
The following list of American Indians who have lived in Oregon has been compiled from Hodge's ''Handbook of American Indians...''<ref>Hodge, Frederick Webb. ''Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico''. Washington D.C.:Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #30 1907. [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/handbook_american_indians.htm Available online].</ref> and from Swanton's ''The Indian Tribes of North America''<ref>Swanton John R. ''The Indian Tribes of North America''. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145 [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/oregon/index.htm Available online].</ref>. Some may simply be variant spellings for the same tribe.  
  
Ahantchuyuk, Alsea, Atfalati, [[Bannock Indians|Bannock]], [[Cayuse Indians|Cayuse]], Chastacosta, Chelamela, Chepenafa, Chetco, Clackamas, Clatskanie, Clatsop, Clowwewalla, [[Coquille Indians|Coquille]], Dakubetede, Hanis, [[Kalapuya Indians|Kalapuya]], [[Klamath Indians|Klamath]], Kuitsh, Latgawa, Lohim, Luckiamute, Lakmiut, Miluk, Mishikhwutmetunne, [[Modoc Indians|Modoc]], Molala, Multnomah, [[Nez Perce Indians|Nez Perce]], [[Paiute Indians|Paiute]] (Northern), Santiam, [[Shasta Indians|Shasta]], [[Siletz Indians|Siletz]], Siuslaw, Skilloot, Snake, Takelma, Taltushtuntude, Tenino, Tillamook, Tututni, Tyigh, [[Umatilla Indians|Umatilla,]] [[Umpqua Indians|Umpqua]], [[Walla Walla Indians|Wallawalla]], Walpapi, Wasco (Wascopum), Watlala, Yahuskin, Yamel, Yaquina, Yoncalla  
+
Ahantchuyuk, Alsea, Atfalati, [[Bannock Indians|Bannock]], [[Cayuse Indians|Cayuse]], Chastacosta, Chelamela, Chepenafa, Chetco, Clackamas, Clatskanie, Clatsop, Clowwewalla, [[Coquille Indians|Coquille]], Dakubetede, Hanis, [[Kalapuya Indians|Kalapuya]], [[Klamath Indians|Klamath]], Kuitsh, Latgawa, Lohim, Luckiamute, Lakmiut, Miluk, Mishikhwutmetunne, [[Modoc Indians|Modoc]], Molala, Multnomah, [[Nez Perce Indians|Nez Perce]], [[Paiute Indians|Paiute]] (Northern), Santiam, [[Shasta Indians|Shasta]], [[Siletz Indians|Siletz]], Siuslaw, Skilloot, Snake, Takelma, Taltushtuntude, Tenino, Tillamook, Tututni, Tyigh, [[Umatilla Indians|Umatilla,]] [[Umpqua Indians|Umpqua]], [[Walla Walla Indians|Wallawalla]], Walpapi, Wasco (Wascopum), Watlala, Yahuskin, Yamel, Yaquina, Yoncalla
  
 
==== Confederation Tribes:  ====
 
==== Confederation Tribes:  ====
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*[[Klamath Indian Agency (Oregon)|Klamath Agency&nbsp;]]  
 
*[[Klamath Indian Agency (Oregon)|Klamath Agency&nbsp;]]  
 
*[[Malheur Indian Agency (Oregon)|Malheur Agency]]  
 
*[[Malheur Indian Agency (Oregon)|Malheur Agency]]  
*Northern Idaho Agency  
+
*[[Northern_Idaho_Indian_Agency_(Idaho)|Northern Idaho Agency]]
 
*[[Port Orford Indian Agency (Oregon)|Port Orford Agency]]  
 
*[[Port Orford Indian Agency (Oregon)|Port Orford Agency]]  
 
*[[Rogue River Indian Agency (Oregon)|Rogue River Agency]]  
 
*[[Rogue River Indian Agency (Oregon)|Rogue River Agency]]  
*Roseburg, Greenville and Tule River Agencies (See also California)  
+
*[[Roseburg_Indian_Agency_(Oregon)|Roseburg]], [[Greenville_Indian_Agency_(California)|Greenville]], and [[Tule_River_Indian_Agency_(California)|Tule River]] Agencies (See also California)  
 
*[[Siletz Indian Agency (Oregon)|Siletz Agency]], P.O. Box 539, Siletz, OR 97380  
 
*[[Siletz Indian Agency (Oregon)|Siletz Agency]], P.O. Box 539, Siletz, OR 97380  
*Southeastern District Agency  
+
*[[Southeastern_District_Indian_Agency_(Oregon)|Southeastern District Agency]]
 
*[[Umatilla Indian Agency (Oregon)|Umatilla Agency]], P.O. Box&nbsp;520, Pendelton, OR 97801  
 
*[[Umatilla Indian Agency (Oregon)|Umatilla Agency]], P.O. Box&nbsp;520, Pendelton, OR 97801  
 
*[[Warm Springs Indian Agency (Oregon)|Warm Springs Agency]], P.O.Box 1239, Warm Springs, OR 97761
 
*[[Warm Springs Indian Agency (Oregon)|Warm Springs Agency]], P.O.Box 1239, Warm Springs, OR 97761
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The boundaries of reservations, over time, have changed. Usually, that means the reservations have been reduced in size. Sometimes, especially during the later policy of "termination," the official status of reservations was ended altogether.  
 
The boundaries of reservations, over time, have changed. Usually, that means the reservations have been reduced in size. Sometimes, especially during the later policy of "termination," the official status of reservations was ended altogether.  
  
For a current reservation map see the [http://nationalatlas.gov/printable/printableViewer.htm?imgF=images/preview/fedlands/OR.gif&imgW=588&imgH=450 Oregon - Indian Reservations ]- The National Atlas of the United States of America. Federal Lands and Indian Reservations by the U.S. Department of Interior and U.S. Geological Survey.  
+
For a current reservation map see the [http://nationalatlas.gov/printable/printableViewer.htm?imgF=images/preview/fedlands/OR.gif&imgW=588&imgH=450 Oregon - Indian Reservations]- The National Atlas of the United States of America. Federal Lands and Indian Reservations by the U.S. Department of Interior and U.S. Geological Survey.  
  
The following list of reservations has been compiled from the ''National Atlas of the United States of America''<ref>National Atlas of the United States of America -- Federal Lands and Indian Reservations [http://www.nationalatlas.gov/printable/images/pdf/fedlands/or.pdf Available online.]</ref>, the ''Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America''<ref>Isaacs. Katherine M., editor. ''Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America''. U.S. Data Sourcebook, Volume 11 Appendices, Bureau of Indian Affairs List of American Indian Reservations, Appendix E, Indian Reservations. Omnigraphics, Inc., 1991.</ref>, and other sources. Those reservations named in '''bold''' are current federally-recognized reservations, with their associated agency and tribe(s). Others have historically been associated with the state or are not currently recognized by the federal government.<br>  
+
The following list of reservations has been compiled from the ''National Atlas of the United States of America''<ref>National Atlas of the United States of America -- Federal Lands and Indian Reservations [http://www.nationalatlas.gov/printable/images/pdf/fedlands/or.pdf Available online.]</ref>, the ''Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America''<ref>Isaacs. Katherine M., editor. ''Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America''. U.S. Data Sourcebook, Volume 11 Appendices, Bureau of Indian Affairs List of American Indian Reservations, Appendix E, Indian Reservations. Omnigraphics, Inc., 1991.</ref>, and other sources. Those reservations named in '''bold''' are current federally-recognized reservations, with their associated agency and tribe(s). Others have historically been associated with the state or are not currently recognized by the federal government.<br>
  
 
*'''[[Burns Paiute Indian Colony (Oregon)|Burns Paiute Reservation]]'''  
 
*'''[[Burns Paiute Indian Colony (Oregon)|Burns Paiute Reservation]]'''  
 
*Celilo Village  
 
*Celilo Village  
*'''[[Confederated Tribes of the Coos, Lower Umpqua and Siuslaw Indians of Oregon|Coos, Lower Umpqua and Siuslaw Reservation]]'''  
+
*'''Coos, Lower Umpqua, and Siuslaw Reservation'''  
 
*Coquille Indian Tribal Community  
 
*Coquille Indian Tribal Community  
 
*Cow Creek  
 
*Cow Creek  
 
*'''[[Fort McDermitt Indian Reservation|Fort McDermitt Reservation]]'''  
 
*'''[[Fort McDermitt Indian Reservation|Fort McDermitt Reservation]]'''  
 
*'''[[Grand Ronde Indian Reservation (Oregon)|Grand Ronde Reservation]]'''  
 
*'''[[Grand Ronde Indian Reservation (Oregon)|Grand Ronde Reservation]]'''  
*'''[[Klamath Indian Reservation (Oregon)|Klamath Reservation]]''' or [[Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Reservation|'''Confederated Tribes''']]
+
*'''[[Klamath Indian Reservation (Oregon)|Klamath Reservation]]'''  
 
*'''[[Malheur Indian Reservation (Oregon)|Malheur Reservation]]'''  
 
*'''[[Malheur Indian Reservation (Oregon)|Malheur Reservation]]'''  
 
*'''[[Siletz Indian Reservation (Oregon)|Siletz Reservation]] '''Federal /State, under the jurisdiction of Siletz Agency  
 
*'''[[Siletz Indian Reservation (Oregon)|Siletz Reservation]] '''Federal /State, under the jurisdiction of Siletz Agency  
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|-
 
|-
 
| {{FHL|238430|item|disp=FHL film 1021379 item 5}}  
 
| {{FHL|238430|item|disp=FHL film 1021379 item 5}}  
| 1916-1925<br>  
+
| 1916-1925<br>
 
| Warm Springs  
 
| Warm Springs  
 
| School census and related information
 
| School census and related information
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=== Articles  ===
 
=== Articles  ===
  
[[Oregon Church Records|Oregon- Church]] for a list of missions  
+
[[Oregon Church Records|Church records]] for a list of missions  
  
[[Oregon History|Oregon-History]] for a calendar of events  
+
[[Oregon History|History]] for a calendar of events  
  
[[Oregon Military Records|Oregon- Military]] for a list of forts  
+
[[Oregon Military Records|Military]] for a list of forts  
  
 
=== References  ===
 
=== References  ===
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*Hodge, Frederick Webb. ''Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico''. Washington D.C.:Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #30 1907. [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/handbook_american_indians.htm Available online].  
 
*Hodge, Frederick Webb. ''Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico''. Washington D.C.:Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #30 1907. [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/handbook_american_indians.htm Available online].  
 
*Isaacs. Katherine M., editor. ''Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America''. U.S. Data Sourcebook, Volume 11 Appendices, Bureau of Indian Affairs List of American Indian Reservations, Appendix E, Indian Reservations. Omnigraphics, Inc., 1991.  
 
*Isaacs. Katherine M., editor. ''Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America''. U.S. Data Sourcebook, Volume 11 Appendices, Bureau of Indian Affairs List of American Indian Reservations, Appendix E, Indian Reservations. Omnigraphics, Inc., 1991.  
*National Atlas of the United States of America -- Federal Lands and Indian Reservations [http://www.nationalatlas.gov/printable/images/pdf/fedlands/OR.pdf Available online].  
+
*National Atlas of the United States of America -- Federal Lands and Indian Reservations [http://nationalatlas.gov/printable/images/pdf/fedlands/fedlands3.pdf Available online.]
 
*''Preliminary Inventory No. 163: Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs''. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Services. [http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~texlance/records/bia(dc)intro.htm Available online]  
 
*''Preliminary Inventory No. 163: Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs''. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Services. [http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~texlance/records/bia(dc)intro.htm Available online]  
 
*Swanton John R. ''The Indian Tribes of North America''. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145 [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/oregon/index.htm Available online].
 
*Swanton John R. ''The Indian Tribes of North America''. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145 [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/oregon/index.htm Available online].

Revision as of 16:24, 19 November 2012

United States Gotoarrow.png Oregon Gotoarrow.png American Indian Research Gotoarrow.png Indians_of_Oregon

Contents

Tribes and Bands of Oregon

The following list of American Indians who have lived in Oregon has been compiled from Hodge's Handbook of American Indians...[1] and from Swanton's The Indian Tribes of North America[2]. Some may simply be variant spellings for the same tribe.

Ahantchuyuk, Alsea, Atfalati, Bannock, Cayuse, Chastacosta, Chelamela, Chepenafa, Chetco, Clackamas, Clatskanie, Clatsop, Clowwewalla, Coquille, Dakubetede, Hanis, Kalapuya, Klamath, Kuitsh, Latgawa, Lohim, Luckiamute, Lakmiut, Miluk, Mishikhwutmetunne, Modoc, Molala, Multnomah, Nez Perce, Paiute (Northern), Santiam, Shasta, Siletz, Siuslaw, Skilloot, Snake, Takelma, Taltushtuntude, Tenino, Tillamook, Tututni, Tyigh, Umatilla, Umpqua, Wallawalla, Walpapi, Wasco (Wascopum), Watlala, Yahuskin, Yamel, Yaquina, Yoncalla

Confederation Tribes:

Agencies of the Bureau of Indian Affairs

Agencies and subagencies were created as administrative offices of the Bureau of Indian Affairs and its predecessors. Their purpose was (and is) to manage Indian affairs with the tribes, to enforce policies, and to assist in maintaining the peace. The names and location of these agencies may have changed, but their purpose remained basically the same. Many of the records of genealogical value were created by these offices.

The following list of agencies that have operated or now exist in Oregon has been compiled from Hill's Office of Indian Affairs...[3], Hill's Guide to Records in the National Archives Relating to American Indians[4], and others.

Indian Schools

The Office of Indian Affairs (now the Bureau of Indian Affairs) established a network of schools throughout the United States, beginning with Carlisle Indian School, established in 1879. Some of these schools were day schools, usually focusing on Indian children of a single tribe or reservation. Some were boarding schools which served Indian children from a number of tribes and reservations.

In addition, other groups such as various church denominations established schools specifically focusing on American Indian children. (read more...)

The following list of Indian Schools in Oregon has been compiled from Hill's Office of Indian Affairs...[5], Hill's Guide to Records in the National Archives Relating to American Indians[6], and others.

Reservations

From the mid-1800s, the official policy of the United States government toward the American Indian was to confine each tribe to a specific parcel of land called a reservation. Agencies were established on or near each reservation. A government representative, usually called an agent (or superintendent) was assigned to each agency. Their duties included maintaining the peace, making payments to the Native Americans based on the stipulations of the treaties with each tribe, and providing a means of communication between the native population and the federal government.

Sometimes, a single agency had jurisdiction over more than one reservation. And sometimes, if the tribal population and land area required it, an agency may have included sub-agencies.

The boundaries of reservations, over time, have changed. Usually, that means the reservations have been reduced in size. Sometimes, especially during the later policy of "termination," the official status of reservations was ended altogether.

For a current reservation map see the Oregon - Indian Reservations- The National Atlas of the United States of America. Federal Lands and Indian Reservations by the U.S. Department of Interior and U.S. Geological Survey.

The following list of reservations has been compiled from the National Atlas of the United States of America[7], the Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America[8], and other sources. Those reservations named in bold are current federally-recognized reservations, with their associated agency and tribe(s). Others have historically been associated with the state or are not currently recognized by the federal government.

Agency Records

The records are various and covers many different type of records such as births, marriages, deaths, land allotments, school records.

Census Records

Film # Years Covered Agency Specifics
FHL film 1025313 1901-1950 Grand Ronde-Siletz Contains registers of Indian families, 1901-1902, 1922-1927, 1940; census rolls, 1932-1945, 1950.
FHL film 1021379 item 5 1916-1925
Warm Springs School census and related information
FHL film1021383 item 1 1880-1934 Warm Springs Census 1880, 1882, 1915, 1934
FHL film 1021384 item 9 1897-1946 Warm Springs Burns census (of Paiutes)
FHL film 1023185 item 2 1926-1944 Warm Springs School census
FHL film 1022004 1920-1924, 1927 Umatilla Umatilla Agency census
FHL film 576913 items 13-14 1892-1893 Klamath Census for Klamath Indians in the Klamath Agency at Klamath, Oregon, 1892-1893
FHL film 576913 item 18 1896 Klamath Census for Klamath Indians in the Klamath Agency at Klamath, Oregon, 1896
FHL film 576913 item 4 1886 Klamath Census for Klamath, Modoc Indians in the Klamath Agency at Klamath Oregon, 1886
FHL film 576913 item 6-7 1887-1888 Klamath Census for Klamath, Modoc Indians in the Klamath Agency at Klamath Oregon, 187-1888
FHL film 576913 item 10 1889 Klamath Census for Klamath, Modoc Indians in the Klamath Agency at Klamath Oregon, 1889

Family History Library

The Family History Library has histories of the various tribes that have lived in Oregon. The library also has microfilm copies of the Bureau of Indian Affairs' records of births, marriages, deaths, censuses, schools, land allotments, and heirships. In general, these are for 1877 to 1952 and include records of the Chemawa Indian School, Grand Ronde-Siletz and Klamath agencies and the Portland Area Office. The original documents are at the National Archives—Pacific Alaska Region (Seattle) and their internet site.

  • Territorial Papers of Oregon 1848-1907, 12 films M1049, 1st film FHL film 1695681
  • Oregon Superintendency 1842-1880
  • Other records may be found in the Family History Library Catalog in the "Subject" Search using the name of the tribe, or in the Place-names Search of the Catalog under the name of the state and various subjects, such as PROBATE RECORDS and LAND AND PROPERTY.

Internet

  • Other website may be located by using a search engine with key words such as "Indians Tribes Oregon".

Articles

Church records for a list of missions

History for a calendar of events

Military for a list of forts

References

  1. Hodge, Frederick Webb. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington D.C.:Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #30 1907. Available online.
  2. Swanton John R. The Indian Tribes of North America. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145 Available online.
  3. Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches, Clearwater Publishing Co., Inc. 1974. (Family History Library FHL book 970.1 H551o.
  4. Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981. ({FHL|207428|item}} book 970.1 H551g].)
  5. Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches, Clearwater Publishing Co., Inc. 1974. FHL book 970.1 H551o.
  6. Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981. {{FHL|207428|item|disp=FHL book 970.1 H551g].)
  7. National Atlas of the United States of America -- Federal Lands and Indian Reservations Available online.
  8. Isaacs. Katherine M., editor. Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America. U.S. Data Sourcebook, Volume 11 Appendices, Bureau of Indian Affairs List of American Indian Reservations, Appendix E, Indian Reservations. Omnigraphics, Inc., 1991.

Bibliography

  • "Accompanying Pamphlet for Microcopy 1011", National Archives Microfilm Publications, Appendix.
  • American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998.
  • Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981.
  • Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974.
  • Historical Sketches for Jurisdictional and Subject Headings Used for the Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880. National Archives Microcopy T1105.
  • Hodge, Frederick Webb. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington D.C.:Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #30 1907. Available online.
  • Isaacs. Katherine M., editor. Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America. U.S. Data Sourcebook, Volume 11 Appendices, Bureau of Indian Affairs List of American Indian Reservations, Appendix E, Indian Reservations. Omnigraphics, Inc., 1991.
  • National Atlas of the United States of America -- Federal Lands and Indian Reservations Available online.
  • Preliminary Inventory No. 163: Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Services. Available online
  • Swanton John R. The Indian Tribes of North America. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145 Available online.