Indians of Oregon

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The following list of American Indians who have lived in Oregon has been compiled from Hodge's ''Handbook of American Indians...''<ref>Hodge, Frederick Webb. ''Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico''. Washington D.C.:Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #30 1907. [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/handbook_american_indians.htm Available online].</ref> and from Swanton's ''The Indian Tribes of North America''<ref>Swanton John R. ''The Indian Tribes of North America''. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145 [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/oregon/index.htm Available online].</ref>. Some may simply be variant spellings for the same tribe.  
 
The following list of American Indians who have lived in Oregon has been compiled from Hodge's ''Handbook of American Indians...''<ref>Hodge, Frederick Webb. ''Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico''. Washington D.C.:Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #30 1907. [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/handbook_american_indians.htm Available online].</ref> and from Swanton's ''The Indian Tribes of North America''<ref>Swanton John R. ''The Indian Tribes of North America''. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145 [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/oregon/index.htm Available online].</ref>. Some may simply be variant spellings for the same tribe.  
  
Ahantchuyuk, Athapascan, Alsea, Atfalati, Bannock, Calapooya, Chinook, Cayuse, Chastacosta, Chelamela, Chepenafa, Chetco, Clackamas, Clatskanie, Clatsop, Clowwewalla, Dakubetede, Hanis, Kalapooian, Kuitsh, Kusan, Klamath, Latgawa, Lohim, Luckiamute, Lakmiut, Lutuamian, Miluk, Mishikhwutmetunne, Modoc, Molala, Multnomah, Nez Perce, Paiute (Northern), Pit River, Salishan, Santiam, Shahaptiahn, Shasta, Shoshoni, Siletz, Siuslaw, Skilloot, Snake, Takelma, Taltushtuntude, Tenino, Tillamook, Tututni, Tyigh, Umatilla, Umpqua, Waillatpus, Walla Walla, Walpapi, Wasco (Wascopum), Wat<span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1215042149545_390" />lala, Yahuskin, Yakima, Yakonan, Yamel, Yaquina, Yoncalla  
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Ahantchuyuk, Alsea, Atfalati, Bannock, Calapooya, Cayuse, Chastacosta, Chelamela, Chepenafa, Chetco, Clackamas, Clatskanie, Clatsop, Clowwewalla, Dakubetede, Hanis, Klamath, Kuitsh,&nbsp;Latgawa, Lohim, Luckiamute, Lakmiut, Miluk, Mishikhwutmetunne, Modoc, Molala, Multnomah, Nez Perce, Paiute (Northern), Santiam, Shasta, Siletz, Siuslaw, Skilloot, Snake, Takelma, Taltushtuntude, Tenino, Tillamook, Tututni, Tyigh, Umatilla, Umpqua, Wallawalla, Walpapi, Wasco (Wascopum), Wat<span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1215042149545_390" />lala, Yahuskin, Yamel, Yaquina, Yoncalla  
  
'''Confederation Tribes: '''<br>Burns Paiute Tribe<br>Confederated_Tribes_of_the_Coos,_Lower_Umpqua_and_Siuslaw_Indians<br>Confederated_Tribes_of_the_Grand_Ronde_Community_of_Oregon<br>Confederated_Tribes_of_Siletz_Indians<br>Confederated_Tribes_of_the_Umatilla_Indian_Reservation<br>Confederated_Tribes_of_Warm_Springs<br>Coquille_Indian_Tribe<br>Cow Creek Band of Umpqua Tribe of Indians<br>Fort McDermitt Paiute and Shoshone Tribes<br>Klamath Tribes<br>  
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'''Confederation Tribes: '''<br>Burns Paiute Tribe<br>Confederated_Tribes_of_the_Coos,_Lower_Umpqua_and_Siuslaw_Indians<br>Confederated_Tribes_of_the_Grand_Ronde_Community_of_Oregon<br>Confederated_Tribes_of_Siletz_Indians<br>Confederated_Tribes_of_the_Umatilla_Indian_Reservation<br>Confederated_Tribes_of_Warm_Springs<br>Coquille_Indian_Tribe<br>Cow Creek Band of Umpqua Tribe of Indians<br>Fort McDermitt Paiute and Shoshone Tribes<br>Klamath Tribes<br>
  
 
== Reservations  ==
 
== Reservations  ==

Revision as of 17:19, 17 November 2009

< Portal:Oregon

Contents

Tribes and Bands of Oregon

The following list of American Indians who have lived in Oregon has been compiled from Hodge's Handbook of American Indians...[1] and from Swanton's The Indian Tribes of North America[2]. Some may simply be variant spellings for the same tribe.

Ahantchuyuk, Alsea, Atfalati, Bannock, Calapooya, Cayuse, Chastacosta, Chelamela, Chepenafa, Chetco, Clackamas, Clatskanie, Clatsop, Clowwewalla, Dakubetede, Hanis, Klamath, Kuitsh, Latgawa, Lohim, Luckiamute, Lakmiut, Miluk, Mishikhwutmetunne, Modoc, Molala, Multnomah, Nez Perce, Paiute (Northern), Santiam, Shasta, Siletz, Siuslaw, Skilloot, Snake, Takelma, Taltushtuntude, Tenino, Tillamook, Tututni, Tyigh, Umatilla, Umpqua, Wallawalla, Walpapi, Wasco (Wascopum), Watlala, Yahuskin, Yamel, Yaquina, Yoncalla

Confederation Tribes:
Burns Paiute Tribe
Confederated_Tribes_of_the_Coos,_Lower_Umpqua_and_Siuslaw_Indians
Confederated_Tribes_of_the_Grand_Ronde_Community_of_Oregon
Confederated_Tribes_of_Siletz_Indians
Confederated_Tribes_of_the_Umatilla_Indian_Reservation
Confederated_Tribes_of_Warm_Springs
Coquille_Indian_Tribe
Cow Creek Band of Umpqua Tribe of Indians
Fort McDermitt Paiute and Shoshone Tribes
Klamath Tribes

Reservations

From the mid-1800s, the official policy of the United States government toward the American Indian was to confine each tribe to a specific parcel of land called a reservation. Agencies were established on or near each reservation. A government representative, usually called an agent (or superintendent) was assigned to each agency. Their duties included maintaining the peace, making payments to the Native Americans based on the stipulations of the treaties with each tribe, and providing a means of communication between the native population and the federal government.

Sometimes, a single agency had jurisdiction over more than one reservation. And sometimes, if the tribal population and land area required it, an agency may have included sub-agencies.

The boundaries of reservations, over time, have changed. Usually, that means the reservations have been reduced in size. Sometimes, especially during the later policy of "termination," the official status of reservations was ended altogether.

The following list of reservations has been compiled from the National Atlas of the United States of America[3], the Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America[4], and other sources. Those reservations named in bold are current federally-recognized reservations, with their associated agency and tribe(s). Others have historically been associated with the state or are not currently recognized by the federal government.

Agencies of the Bureau of Indian Affairs

Agencies and subagencies were created as administrative offices of the Bureau of Indian Affairs and its predecessors. Their purpose was (and is) to manage Indian affairs with the tribes, to enforce policies, and to assist in maintaining the peace. The names and location of these agencies may have changed, but their purpose remained basically the same. Many of the records of genealogical value were created by these offices.

The following list of agencies that have operated or now exist in Oregon has been compiled from Hill's Office of Indian Affairs...[5], Hill's Guide to Records in the National Archives Relating to American Indians[6], and others.

Indian Schools

The Office of Indian Affairs (now the Bureau of Indian Affairs) established a network of schools throughout the United States, beginning with Carlisle Indian School, established in 1879. Some of these schools were day schools, usually focusing on Indian children of a single tribe or reservation. Some were boarding schools which served Indian children from a number of tribes and reservations.

In addition, other groups such as various church denominations established schools specifically focusing on American Indian children. (read more...)

The following list of Indian Schools in Oregon has been compiled from Hill's Office of Indian Affairs...[7], Hill's Guide to Records in the National Archives Relating to American Indians[8], and others.

See Also:

Oregon- Church for a list of missions

Oregon-History for a calendar of events

Oregon- Military for a list of forts

Family History Library

The Family History Library has histories of the various tribes that have lived in Oregon. The library also has microfilm copies of the Bureau of Indian Affairs' records of births, marriages, deaths, censuses, schools, land allotments, and heirships. In general, these are for 1877 to 1952 and include records of the Chemawa Indian School, Grand Ronde-Siletz and Klamath agencies and the Portland Area Office. The original documents are at the National Archives—Pacific Alaska Region (Seattle) and their internet site.

  • Of special value are the Family Index Cards, 1938-1950 from the Portland Office of the Bureau of Indian Affairs (Family History Library films 1028470 item 4 to 1028471) and Family History and Medical Data, 1904-1937 from the Klamath Agency (Family History Library films 1028454 item 2 to 1028455).
  • A useful guide is Charles E. McChesney, Rolls of Certain Indian Tribes in Oregon and Washington (Fairfield, Washington: Ye Galleon Press, l969; Family History Library book 970.1 R659).

Other records are also listed in the Subject Search of the Family History Library Catalog under the name of the tribe or in the Place Search of the catalog under the name of the state and various subjects, such as PROBATE RECORDS and LAND AND PROPERTY.

  • Jesuits Mission 1853-1960, 34 films, 1st film 1671639  (covering eastern Washington, northern Idaho, western Montana and northeast Oregon)
  • Chemawa Indian School 1883-1947, 1st film 1028472  (based in Salem, Oregon)
  • Territorial Papers of Oregon 1848-1907, 12 films M1049, 1st film 1695681
  • Department of Interior 1849-1907, 10 films M0814, 1st film 1695733
  • Office of Indian Affairs Oregon Superintendency 1848-1873, 29 films, 1st film 1617787
  • Oregon Superintendency 1842-1880

Records available on the internet can be located by using a search engine with key words such as "Indians Tribes Oregon".

Agency Records

The records are various and covers many different type of records such as births, marriages, deaths, land allotments, school records.

Census Records

Film # Years Covered Agency Specifics
1025313 1901-1950 Grand Ronde-Siletz Contains registers of Indian families, 1901-1902, 1922-1927, 1940; census rolls, 1932-1945, 1950.

1021379 item 5

1916-1925
Warm Springs
School census & related information
1021383 item 1
1880-1934

Warm Springs

Census 1880, 1882, 1915, 1934
1021384 item 9
1897-1946
Warm Springs
Burns census (of Paiutes)
1023185 item 2
1926-1944
Warm Springs
School census
1022004
1920-1924, 1927
Umatilla
Umatilla Agency census
576913 items  13-14
1892-1893
Klamath
Census for Klamath Indians in the Klamath Agency at Klamath, Oregon, 1892-1893
576913 item 18 1896 Klamath Census for Klamath Indians in the Klamath Agency at Klamath, Oregon, 1896
576913 item 4
1886
Klamath
Census for Klamath, Modoc Indians in the Klamath Agency at Klamath Oregon, 1886
576913 item 6-7
1887-1888
Klamath
Census for Klamath, Modoc Indians in the Klamath Agency at Klamath Oregon, 187-1888
576913 item 10
1889
Klamath
Census for Klamath, Modoc Indians in the Klamath Agency at Klamath Oregon, 1889

References

  1. Hodge, Frederick Webb. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington D.C.:Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #30 1907. Available online.
  2. Swanton John R. The Indian Tribes of North America. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145 Available online.
  3. National Atlas of the United States of America -- Federal Lands and Indian Reservations Available online.
  4. Isaacs. Katherine M., editor. Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America. U.S. Data Sourcebook, Volume 11 Appendices, Bureau of Indian Affairs List of American Indian Reservations, Appendix E, Indian Reservations. Omnigraphics, Inc., 1991.
  5. Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches, Clearwater Publishing Co., Inc. 1974. (Family History Library book 970.1 H551o.)
  6. Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981. (FHL book 970.1 H551g.)
  7. Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches, Clearwater Publishing Co., Inc. 1974. (Family History Library book 970.1 H551o.)
  8. Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981. (FHL book 970.1 H551g.)

Bibliography

  • "Accompanying Pamphlet for Microcopy 1011", National Archives Microfilm Publications, Appendix.
  • American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998.
  • Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981.
  • Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974.
  • Historical Sketches for Jurisdictional and Subject Headings Used for the Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880. National Archives Microcopy T1105.
  • Hodge, Frederick Webb. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington D.C.:Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #30 1907. Available online.
  • Isaacs. Katherine M., editor. Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America. U.S. Data Sourcebook, Volume 11 Appendices, Bureau of Indian Affairs List of American Indian Reservations, Appendix E, Indian Reservations. Omnigraphics, Inc., 1991.
  • National Atlas of the United States of America -- Federal Lands and Indian Reservations Available online.
  • Preliminary Inventory No. 163: Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Services. Available online
  • Swanton John R. The Indian Tribes of North America. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145 Available online.