Indians of Pennsylvania

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''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Pennsylvania]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[American Indian Genealogy|American Indian Research]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Indians_of_Pennsylvania]]''{{Adoption PARoots}}
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''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Pennsylvania]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[American Indian Genealogy|American Indian Research]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] Indians_of_Pennsylvania'' [[Image:Tuscarora Indian, Oneida portraits.jpg|frame|right|235x235px]]  
  
 
== Tribes and Bands of Pennsylvania  ==
 
== Tribes and Bands of Pennsylvania  ==
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 +
[[Image:Mohawk, John Norton, leader of six nations, lead Iroquois warriors from Grand River into battle against Americans, 1812. He was part Cherokee and part Scottish..jpg|frame|right|250x310px]]
  
 
The following list of American Indians who have lived in Pennsylvania has been compiled from Hodge's ''Handbook of American Indians...''<ref>Hodge, Frederick Webb. ''Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico''. Washington D.C.:Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #30 1907. [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/handbook_american_indians.htm Available online].</ref> and from Swanton's ''The Indian Tribes of North America''<ref>Swanton John R. ''The Indian Tribes of North America''. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145 [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/pennsylvania/index.htm Available online].</ref>. Some may simply be variant spellings for the same tribe.  
 
The following list of American Indians who have lived in Pennsylvania has been compiled from Hodge's ''Handbook of American Indians...''<ref>Hodge, Frederick Webb. ''Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico''. Washington D.C.:Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #30 1907. [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/handbook_american_indians.htm Available online].</ref> and from Swanton's ''The Indian Tribes of North America''<ref>Swanton John R. ''The Indian Tribes of North America''. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145 [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/pennsylvania/index.htm Available online].</ref>. Some may simply be variant spellings for the same tribe.  
  
*[[Delaware Indians|Delaware]]  
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*[[Delaware Indians|Delaware]] (Lenni Lenape)
*Erie  
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*[http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/erie-tribe.htm Erie]
*Honneasont
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*Honniasont
*[[Iroquois Confederacy|Iroquois]]  
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*[[Iroquois Confederacy|Iroquois]] (Iroquois of mixed ancestry were called Mingo)
*Saluda  
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*[http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/saluda-tribe.htm Saluda]
*Saponi  
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*[http://www.accessgenealogy.com/search/?q=Sponi+tribe Saponi]
 
*[[Shawnee Indians|Shawnee]]  
 
*[[Shawnee Indians|Shawnee]]  
*Susquehanna
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*[http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/susquehanna-tribe.htm Susquehannock (Andaste)]
 
*[[Tuscarora Indians|Tuscarora]]  
 
*[[Tuscarora Indians|Tuscarora]]  
*Tutelo  
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*[http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tutelo-tribe.htm Tutelo]
*Wenrohronon
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*[http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/wenrohronon-tribe.htm Wenrohronon]
  
Iroquois League: Oneida, [[Onondaga_Indians|Onondaga]], [[Seneca_Indians|Seneca]], [[Cayuga_Indians|Cayuga]], [[Mohawk_Indians|Mohawk]] ([[Five Nations of the Iroquois Confederacy|Five Nations]]) and [[Tuscarora_Indians|Tuscarora]] ([[Six Nations of the Iroquois Confederacy|Six Nations]])  
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Iroquois League: Oneida, [[Onondaga Indians|Onondaga]], [[Seneca Indians|Seneca]], [[Cayuga Indians|Cayuga]], [[Mohawk Indians|Mohawk]] ([[Five Nations of the Iroquois Confederacy|Five Nations]]) plus [[Tuscarora Indians|Tuscarora]] ([[Six Nations of the Iroquois Confederacy|Six Nations]])  
  
*A good history is Michael N. McConnell, ''A Country Between: The Upper Ohio Valley and Its Peoples, 1724-1774'' (Lincoln, Nebraska: University of Nebraska Press, 1992; {{FHL|598071|title-id|disp=Family History Library book 970.1 M134.)}}  
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*A good history is Michael N. McConnell, ''A Country Between: The Upper Ohio Valley and Its Peoples, 1724-1774'' (Lincoln, Nebraska: University of Nebraska Press, 1992; {{FHL|598071|item|disp=FHL book 970.1 M134}}.
*See also Paul A. W. Wallace, ''Indians in Pennsylvania'' (Harrisburg, PA: Historical and Museum Commission, 1970; not at Family History Library).
+
*See also Paul A. W. Wallace, ''Indians in Pennsylvania'' (Harrisburg, PA: Historical and Museum Commission, 1970; {{FHL|62642|item|disp=FHL book 970.1 W155i}}.
 +
*Donehoo, George P. Indian Villages and Place Names in Pennsylvania. (Harrisburg, 1928). {{FHL|52550|item|disp=FHL book 974.8 E2d}}.
  
== Indian Schools ==
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== Records ==
  
The Office of Indian Affairs (now the [[Bureau of Indian Affairs|Bureau of Indian Affairs]]) established a network of schools throughout the United States, beginning with Carlisle Indian School, established in 1879. Some of these schools were day schools, usually focusing on Indian children of a single tribe or reservation. Some were boarding schools which served Indian children from a number of tribes and reservations.  
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=== Indian Land Cessions  ===
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The land cession by the Indians began as early as&nbsp; 1682 continued until 1792. A few of the cessions are listed below.<ref>Paul A. W. Wallace, Indians in Pennsylvania (The Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission Harrisburg, Pennsylvania 1964), {{|62642|item|disp=FHL book 970.1 W155i}}</ref>
 +
 
 +
1682 Deed for land between the Falls of Delaware and Neshammonys Creek, by William Penn
 +
 
 +
1683 Deed for "lands lying betwixt Pemmapecka and Neshemineh Creek
 +
 
 +
1683 Wingebon's release for land "lying on the west side of the Schuylkill"
 +
 
 +
1683 Keketappan's Deed for his half of all his lands betwixt Susquehanna and Delaware
 +
 
 +
1683 Machaloha's Deed "for lands from the Delaware River and Chesapeak Bay and up to the Falls of the Susquehanna"
 +
 
 +
1684 Manghougsin's release "for all his land on Perkioming."
 +
 
 +
1684 Richard Mettamicont's release "for land on both sides Pemmapecka Creek on the Delaware"
 +
 
 +
1696 Col. Thomas Dongan's formerly Governor of New York, deed to William Penn for lands on both sides of Susquehanna.
 +
 
 +
1697 Taminy's deed for lands between Pemmopeck and Neshaminy
 +
 
 +
1700 Deed of the Susquehanna Indians for land on "both sides of the Susquehanna"
 +
 
 +
1701 Ratification of Dongan's Deed and the Deed of 1700 by the Susquehanna, Shawona, Poowmak and Conestogoe Indians
 +
 
 +
1718 Deed of release by the Delaware Indians for the "land between the Delaware and Susquehanna Rivers from Duck Creek
 +
 
 +
1768 The end of "Nittany Mountain assumed as a station"
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 +
1768 Deed at Fort Stanwix, "New Purchase" extending from northeast to southwest corner of northeast to southwest corner of the Commonwealth.
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 +
1785 Deed at Fort Stanwix and Fort McIntosh
 +
 
 +
1789 Indian cession of land at Presque Isle
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 +
1792 "Purchase of the Triangle" contained 202,187 acres.
 +
 
 +
=== Indian Schools  ===
 +
 
 +
[[Image:Lieut Richard Henry Pratt, Founder and Superintendent of Carlisle Indian School, in Military Uniform and With Sword 1879.jpg|frame|right|250x310px]] The Office of Indian Affairs (now the [[Bureau of Indian Affairs|Bureau of Indian Affairs]]) established a network of schools throughout the United States, beginning with Carlisle Indian School, established in 1879. Some of these schools were day schools, usually focusing on Indian children of a single tribe or reservation. Some were boarding schools which served Indian children from a number of tribes and reservations.  
  
 
In addition, other groups such as various church denominations established schools specifically focusing on American Indian children. ([[American Indian School Records|read more...]])  
 
In addition, other groups such as various church denominations established schools specifically focusing on American Indian children. ([[American Indian School Records|read more...]])  
  
The following list of Indian Schools in Pennsylvania has been compiled from Hill's ''Office of Indian Affairs...''<ref>Hill, Edward E. ''The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches'', Clearwater Publishing Co., Inc. 1974. (Family History Library {{FHL|247426|title-id|disp=book 970.1 H551o}}.)</ref>, Hill's ''Guide to Records in the National Archives Relating to American Indians''<ref>Hill, Edward E. (comp.). ''Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians''. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981. (FHL {{FHL|207428|title-id|disp=book 970.1 H551g}}.)</ref>, and others.  
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The following list of Indian Schools in Pennsylvania has been compiled from Hill's ''Office of Indian Affairs...''<ref>Hill, Edward E. ''The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches'', Clearwater Publishing Co., Inc. 1974. {{FHL|247426|item|disp=FHL book 970.1 H551o}}.</ref>, Hill's ''Guide to Records in the National Archives Relating to American Indians''<ref>Hill, Edward E. (comp.). ''Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians''. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981. {{FHL|207428|item|disp=FHL book 970.1 H551g}}.</ref>, and others.  
  
 
*[[Carlisle Indian Industrial School (Pennsylvania)|Carlisle Indian Industrial School]]<br>
 
*[[Carlisle Indian Industrial School (Pennsylvania)|Carlisle Indian Industrial School]]<br>
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 +
== Conflicts  ==
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:*"List of Pennsylvania Settlers Murdered, Scalped, and Taken Prisoners by Indians, 1755-1756," ''The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography,'' Vol. 32 (1908):309-319. For free online access, see [http://www.werelate.org/wiki/Source:Historical_Society_of_Pennsylvania._Pennsylvania_Magazine_of_History_and_Biography WeRelate].
  
 
== Family History Library  ==
 
== Family History Library  ==
  
Records of American Indians are listed in the [[Family History Library Catalog Place Search|Family History Library Catalog Place Search]] under PENNSYLVANIA - NATIVE RACES and in the Subject Search under the name of the tribe or language group. The major Pennsylvania Indian tribes were the Delaware, Susquehannock, Shawnee, and Iroquois.  
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Records of American Indians are listed in the [[Family History Library Catalog Place Search|Family History Library Catalog Place Search]] under [https://familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlehitlist&columns=*%2C0%2C0&keyword=Pennsylvania+Native+Races&prekeyword=Pennsylvania+Native+Races PENNSYLVANIA - NATIVE RACES] and in the Subject Search under the name of the tribe or language group. The major Pennsylvania Indian tribes were the Delaware, Susquehannock, Shawnee, and Iroquois.  
  
*John G. Pratt Papers&nbsp; 13 films Family History Library 1st {{FHL|256509|title-id|disp=film 812758}}  
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*John G. Pratt Papers{{FHL|256509|item|disp=FHL film 812758 (first of 13 films)}}  
*IndianTreaties printed by Benjamin Franklin, 1736-1762.&nbsp; FHL film: 1009058
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*Indian Treaties printed by Benjamin Franklin, 1736-1762.{{FHL|271690|item|disp=FHL film 1009058}}
  
 
== References  ==
 
== References  ==
  
<references />
+
<references />  
  
 
==== Bibliography  ====
 
==== Bibliography  ====
Line 57: Line 104:
 
*Swanton John R. ''The Indian Tribes of North America''. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145 [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/pennsylvania/index.htm Available online].
 
*Swanton John R. ''The Indian Tribes of North America''. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145 [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/pennsylvania/index.htm Available online].
  
{{American Indian}} {{Pennsylvania|Pennsylvania}}  
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{{Template:Pros-PA}}
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[[Category:Pennsylvania]] [[Category:Indians_of_the_United_States]]
 
[[Category:Pennsylvania]] [[Category:Indians_of_the_United_States]]

Revision as of 14:30, 24 April 2014

United States Gotoarrow.png Pennsylvania Gotoarrow.png American Indian Research Gotoarrow.png Indians_of_Pennsylvania
Tuscarora Indian, Oneida portraits.jpg

Contents

Tribes and Bands of Pennsylvania

Mohawk, John Norton, leader of six nations, lead Iroquois warriors from Grand River into battle against Americans, 1812. He was part Cherokee and part Scottish..jpg

The following list of American Indians who have lived in Pennsylvania has been compiled from Hodge's Handbook of American Indians...[1] and from Swanton's The Indian Tribes of North America[2]. Some may simply be variant spellings for the same tribe.

Iroquois League: Oneida, Onondaga, Seneca, Cayuga, Mohawk (Five Nations) plus Tuscarora (Six Nations)

  • A good history is Michael N. McConnell, A Country Between: The Upper Ohio Valley and Its Peoples, 1724-1774 (Lincoln, Nebraska: University of Nebraska Press, 1992; FHL book 970.1 M134.
  • See also Paul A. W. Wallace, Indians in Pennsylvania (Harrisburg, PA: Historical and Museum Commission, 1970; FHL book 970.1 W155i.
  • Donehoo, George P. Indian Villages and Place Names in Pennsylvania. (Harrisburg, 1928). FHL book 974.8 E2d.

Records

Indian Land Cessions

The land cession by the Indians began as early as  1682 continued until 1792. A few of the cessions are listed below.[3]

1682 Deed for land between the Falls of Delaware and Neshammonys Creek, by William Penn

1683 Deed for "lands lying betwixt Pemmapecka and Neshemineh Creek

1683 Wingebon's release for land "lying on the west side of the Schuylkill"

1683 Keketappan's Deed for his half of all his lands betwixt Susquehanna and Delaware

1683 Machaloha's Deed "for lands from the Delaware River and Chesapeak Bay and up to the Falls of the Susquehanna"

1684 Manghougsin's release "for all his land on Perkioming."

1684 Richard Mettamicont's release "for land on both sides Pemmapecka Creek on the Delaware"

1696 Col. Thomas Dongan's formerly Governor of New York, deed to William Penn for lands on both sides of Susquehanna.

1697 Taminy's deed for lands between Pemmopeck and Neshaminy

1700 Deed of the Susquehanna Indians for land on "both sides of the Susquehanna"

1701 Ratification of Dongan's Deed and the Deed of 1700 by the Susquehanna, Shawona, Poowmak and Conestogoe Indians

1718 Deed of release by the Delaware Indians for the "land between the Delaware and Susquehanna Rivers from Duck Creek

1768 The end of "Nittany Mountain assumed as a station"

1768 Deed at Fort Stanwix, "New Purchase" extending from northeast to southwest corner of northeast to southwest corner of the Commonwealth.

1785 Deed at Fort Stanwix and Fort McIntosh

1789 Indian cession of land at Presque Isle

1792 "Purchase of the Triangle" contained 202,187 acres.

Indian Schools

Lieut Richard Henry Pratt, Founder and Superintendent of Carlisle Indian School, in Military Uniform and With Sword 1879.jpg
The Office of Indian Affairs (now the Bureau of Indian Affairs) established a network of schools throughout the United States, beginning with Carlisle Indian School, established in 1879. Some of these schools were day schools, usually focusing on Indian children of a single tribe or reservation. Some were boarding schools which served Indian children from a number of tribes and reservations.

In addition, other groups such as various church denominations established schools specifically focusing on American Indian children. (read more...)

The following list of Indian Schools in Pennsylvania has been compiled from Hill's Office of Indian Affairs...[4], Hill's Guide to Records in the National Archives Relating to American Indians[5], and others.

Conflicts

  • "List of Pennsylvania Settlers Murdered, Scalped, and Taken Prisoners by Indians, 1755-1756," The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 32 (1908):309-319. For free online access, see WeRelate.

Family History Library

Records of American Indians are listed in the Family History Library Catalog Place Search under PENNSYLVANIA - NATIVE RACES and in the Subject Search under the name of the tribe or language group. The major Pennsylvania Indian tribes were the Delaware, Susquehannock, Shawnee, and Iroquois.

References

  1. Hodge, Frederick Webb. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington D.C.:Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #30 1907. Available online.
  2. Swanton John R. The Indian Tribes of North America. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145 Available online.
  3. Paul A. W. Wallace, Indians in Pennsylvania (The Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission Harrisburg, Pennsylvania 1964), {{|62642|item|disp=FHL book 970.1 W155i}}
  4. Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches, Clearwater Publishing Co., Inc. 1974. FHL book 970.1 H551o.
  5. Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981. FHL book 970.1 H551g.

Bibliography

  • "Accompanying Pamphlet for Microcopy 1011", National Archives Microfilm Publications, Appendix.
  • American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998.
  • Gilbert, William Harlen, Jr. Surviving Indian Groups in the Eastern United States. Pp. 407-438 of the Smithsonian Report for 1948. Available online.
  • Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981.
  • Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974.
  • Historical Sketches for Jurisdictional and Subject Headings Used for the Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880. National Archives Microcopy T1105.
  • Hodge, Frederick Webb. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington D.C.:Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #30 1907. Available online.
  • Isaacs. Katherine M., editor. Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America. U.S. Data Sourcebook, Volume 11 Appendices, Bureau of Indian Affairs List of American Indian Reservations, Appendix E, Indian Reservations. Omnigraphics, Inc., 1991.
  • National Atlas of the United States of America -- Federal Lands and Indian Reservations Available online.
  • Preliminary Inventory No. 163: Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Services. Available online
  • Swanton John R. The Indian Tribes of North America. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145 Available online.



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