Indians of South Carolina

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== Tribes and Bands of South Carolina  ==
 
== Tribes and Bands of South Carolina  ==
  
The following list of American Indians who have lived in Washington has been compiled from Hodge's ''Handbook of American Indians...''<ref>Hodge, Frederick Webb. ''Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico''. Washington D.C.:Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #30 1907. [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/handbook_american_indians.htm Available online].</ref> and from Swanton's ''The Indian Tribes of North America''<ref>Swanton John R. ''The Indian Tribes of North America''. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145 [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/southcarolina/index.htm Available online].</ref>. Some may simply be variant spellings for the same tribe.  
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The following list of American Indians who have lived in South Carolina has been compiled from Hodge's ''Handbook of American Indians...''<ref>Hodge, Frederick Webb. ''Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico''. Washington D.C.:Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #30 1907. [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/handbook_american_indians.htm Available online].</ref> and from Swanton's ''The Indian Tribes of North America''<ref>Swanton John R. ''The Indian Tribes of North America''. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145 [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/southcarolina/index.htm Available online].</ref>. Some may simply be variant spellings for the same tribe.  
  
 
Algonkian, Beaver Creek, Catawba, Cherqwas, Cheraw, Cherokee, Chiaha, Chickasaw, Chicora, Congaree, Coosa, Creek, Croatan, Cusabo, Eno, Edisto, Eutaw or Etiwan, Iroquoi, Keyauwee, Natchez, Pee Dee, Pocotaligo, Saluda, Santee, Savano, Sengkaw, Seewee, Shakori, Shawnee, Siouan, Sissipahaw, Sugaree, Waccamaw, Wassamasaw, Wateree, Waxhaw, Westo, Weenee, Winyaw, Yamasee, Yuchi  
 
Algonkian, Beaver Creek, Catawba, Cherqwas, Cheraw, Cherokee, Chiaha, Chickasaw, Chicora, Congaree, Coosa, Creek, Croatan, Cusabo, Eno, Edisto, Eutaw or Etiwan, Iroquoi, Keyauwee, Natchez, Pee Dee, Pocotaligo, Saluda, Santee, Savano, Sengkaw, Seewee, Shakori, Shawnee, Siouan, Sissipahaw, Sugaree, Waccamaw, Wassamasaw, Wateree, Waxhaw, Westo, Weenee, Winyaw, Yamasee, Yuchi  
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== Reservations  ==
 
== Reservations  ==
  
*Catawba Reservation , State, Tribe: Catawba
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From the mid-1800s, the official policy of the United States government toward the American Indian was to confine each tribe to a specific parcel of land called a reservation. Agencies were established on or near each reservation. A government representative, usually called an agent (or superintendent) was assigned to each agency. Their duties included maintaining the peace, making payments to the Native Americans based on the stipulations of the treaties with each tribe, and providing a means of communication between the native population and the federal government.
  
'''Reference'''
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Sometimes, a single agency had jurisdiction over more than one reservation. And sometimes, if the tribal population and land area required it, an agency may have included sub-agencies.
  
:Isaacs, Katherine M., editor. ''Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America''. U.S. Data Sourcebook, Volume 11 Appendices, Bureau of Indian Affairs List of American Indian Reservcations, Appendix E. Indian Reservations. Omnigraphics. Inc., 1991.
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The boundaries of reservations, over time, have changed. Usually, that means the reservations have been reduced in size. Sometimes, especially during the later policy of "termination," the official status of reservations was ended altogether.
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The following list of reservations has been compiled from the ''National Atlas of the United States of America''<ref>National Atlas of the United States of America -- Federal Lands and Indian Reservations [http://www.nationalatlas.gov/printable/images/pdf/fedlands/sc.pdf Available online.]</ref>, the ''Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America''<ref>Isaacs. Katherine M., editor. ''Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America''. U.S. Data Sourcebook, Volume 11 Appendices, Bureau of Indian Affairs List of American Indian Reservations, Appendix E, Indian Reservations. Omnigraphics, Inc., 1991.(Family History Library book [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&amp;amp;amp;titleno=433280&amp;amp;amp;disp=Omni+gazetteer+of+the+United+States+of+A%20%20&amp;amp;amp;columns=*,0,0 973 E5])</ref>, and other sources. Those reservations named in '''bold''' are current federally-recognized reservations, with their associated agency and tribe(s). Others have historically been associated with the state or are not currently recognized by the federal government.
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*Catawba Reservation , State, Tribe: Catawba
  
 
== Family History Library  ==
 
== Family History Library  ==

Revision as of 23:27, 18 May 2009

South Carolina

Contents

Tribes and Bands of South Carolina

The following list of American Indians who have lived in South Carolina has been compiled from Hodge's Handbook of American Indians...[1] and from Swanton's The Indian Tribes of North America[2]. Some may simply be variant spellings for the same tribe.

Algonkian, Beaver Creek, Catawba, Cherqwas, Cheraw, Cherokee, Chiaha, Chickasaw, Chicora, Congaree, Coosa, Creek, Croatan, Cusabo, Eno, Edisto, Eutaw or Etiwan, Iroquoi, Keyauwee, Natchez, Pee Dee, Pocotaligo, Saluda, Santee, Savano, Sengkaw, Seewee, Shakori, Shawnee, Siouan, Sissipahaw, Sugaree, Waccamaw, Wassamasaw, Wateree, Waxhaw, Westo, Weenee, Winyaw, Yamasee, Yuchi

Cherokee - Iroquaian, Siouan, Muskhogean and Algonquain

Cherokee Bear Clan, Chalokolowa-Chickasaw, Sumter Band of Cheraw

Reservations

From the mid-1800s, the official policy of the United States government toward the American Indian was to confine each tribe to a specific parcel of land called a reservation. Agencies were established on or near each reservation. A government representative, usually called an agent (or superintendent) was assigned to each agency. Their duties included maintaining the peace, making payments to the Native Americans based on the stipulations of the treaties with each tribe, and providing a means of communication between the native population and the federal government.

Sometimes, a single agency had jurisdiction over more than one reservation. And sometimes, if the tribal population and land area required it, an agency may have included sub-agencies.

The boundaries of reservations, over time, have changed. Usually, that means the reservations have been reduced in size. Sometimes, especially during the later policy of "termination," the official status of reservations was ended altogether.

The following list of reservations has been compiled from the National Atlas of the United States of America[3], the Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America[4], and other sources. Those reservations named in bold are current federally-recognized reservations, with their associated agency and tribe(s). Others have historically been associated with the state or are not currently recognized by the federal government.

  • Catawba Reservation , State, Tribe: Catawba

Family History Library

The Family History Library has some published documents and histories of Indians who lived in South Carolina in the colonial era. The Catawba, Old Cheraws, Cherokee, and other Indian nations are chronicled in Chapman J. Milling, Red Carolinians (Chapel Hill, North Carolina: University of North Carolina Press, 1940; Family History Library book 975.7 F2m; film 1425645 item 5).

Web Sites

Carolina Indian Heritage Association

See also:

South Carolina - Church Records for a list of missions

South Carolina - Military Records for a list of forts

South Carolina_History

References

  1. Hodge, Frederick Webb. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington D.C.:Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #30 1907. Available online.
  2. Swanton John R. The Indian Tribes of North America. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145 Available online.
  3. National Atlas of the United States of America -- Federal Lands and Indian Reservations Available online.
  4. Isaacs. Katherine M., editor. Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America. U.S. Data Sourcebook, Volume 11 Appendices, Bureau of Indian Affairs List of American Indian Reservations, Appendix E, Indian Reservations. Omnigraphics, Inc., 1991.(Family History Library book 973 E5)

Bibliography

  • "Accompanying Pamphlet for Microcopy 1011", National Archives Microfilm Publications, Appendix.
  • American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998.
  • Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981.
  • Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974.
  • Historical Sketches for Jurisdictional and Subject Headings Used for the Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880. National Archives Microcopy T1105.
  • Hodge, Frederick Webb. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington D.C.:Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #30 1907. Available online.
  • Isaacs. Katherine M., editor. Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America. U.S. Data Sourcebook, Volume 11 Appendices, Bureau of Indian Affairs List of American Indian Reservations, Appendix E, Indian Reservations. Omnigraphics, Inc., 1991.
  • National Atlas of the United States of America -- Federal Lands and Indian Reservations Available online.
  • Preliminary Inventory No. 163: Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Services. Available online
  • Swanton John R. The Indian Tribes of North America. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145 Available online.