Indians of Vermont

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The most prominent early Indian tribes in Vermont were the Abénaki and Mahican. The western Abénaki Indians were composed of subdivisions including Sokoki, Missisquoi, and Cowasuck. Most of the Indian tribes have disappeared from Vermont through warfare, disease, or migration.  
 
The most prominent early Indian tribes in Vermont were the Abénaki and Mahican. The western Abénaki Indians were composed of subdivisions including Sokoki, Missisquoi, and Cowasuck. Most of the Indian tribes have disappeared from Vermont through warfare, disease, or migration.  
  
== Tribes and Bands of Vermont  ==
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=== Tribes and Bands of Vermont  ===
  
 
The following list of American Indians who have lived in Vermont has been compiled from Hodge's ''Handbook of American Indians...''<ref>Hodge, Frederick Webb. ''Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico''. Washington D.C.:Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #30 1907. Digital version at [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/handbook_american_indians.htm Access Genealogy].</ref> and from Swanton's ''The Indian Tribes of North America.''<ref>Swanton John R. ''The Indian Tribes of North America''. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145.</ref> Some may simply be variant spellings for the same tribe.  
 
The following list of American Indians who have lived in Vermont has been compiled from Hodge's ''Handbook of American Indians...''<ref>Hodge, Frederick Webb. ''Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico''. Washington D.C.:Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #30 1907. Digital version at [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/handbook_american_indians.htm Access Genealogy].</ref> and from Swanton's ''The Indian Tribes of North America.''<ref>Swanton John R. ''The Indian Tribes of North America''. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145.</ref> Some may simply be variant spellings for the same tribe.  
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*[[Abenaki Indians|Abenaki]]  
 
*[[Abenaki Indians|Abenaki]]  
 
*Mahican  
 
*Mahican  
*[http://www.vermontgenealogy.com/indians.htm Missiassik]
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*[http://www.vermontgenealogy.com/indians.htm Missiassik]  
 
*[[Pennacook Indians|Pennacook]]  
 
*[[Pennacook Indians|Pennacook]]  
 
*[http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/pocomtuc-tribe.htm Pocomtuc]
 
*[http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/pocomtuc-tribe.htm Pocomtuc]
  
'''Tribes Recognized by the State of Vermont'''  
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=== '''Vermont State Recognized Tribes''' ===
  
Nulhegan Band of the Coosuk Abenaki Nation, and Elnu Abenaki Tribe (See [http://www.abenakitribe.org/ Nulhegan Abenaki Tribe] of northeast Vermont.)  
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*Nulhegan Band of the Coosuk Abenaki Nation
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* Elnu Abenaki Tribe (See [http://www.abenakitribe.org/ Nulhegan Abenaki Tribe] of northeast Vermont.)  
  
'''History'''  
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=== '''History''' ===
  
 
For the history of American Indians in Vermont, see:  
 
For the history of American Indians in Vermont, see:  
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*Haviland, William A. ''The Original Vermonters''. Hanover, New Hampshire: Published for University of Vermont by University Press of New England, 1981. {{FHL|568667|item|disp=FHL book 970.1 H199o}} {{WorldCat|7277340|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}} This history includes information on the Abénaki and Mahican tribes in Vermont, an index, and a bibliography.
 
*Haviland, William A. ''The Original Vermonters''. Hanover, New Hampshire: Published for University of Vermont by University Press of New England, 1981. {{FHL|568667|item|disp=FHL book 970.1 H199o}} {{WorldCat|7277340|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}} This history includes information on the Abénaki and Mahican tribes in Vermont, an index, and a bibliography.
  
== Repositories  ==
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=== Repositories  ===
  
 
[http://www.americanancestors.org/home.html The New England Historic Genealogical Society] has resources on New England Native peoples.  
 
[http://www.americanancestors.org/home.html The New England Historic Genealogical Society] has resources on New England Native peoples.  
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[http://vermonthistory.org/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=13&Itemid=31 Vermont Historical Society Library] - You can find articles about Vermont Indians in the VHS publications ''Proceedings of the Vermont Historical Society'' (1860–1943), ''Vermont Quarterly'' (1944–1953), and ''Vermont History'' (1954–present). These periodicals and the Periodical Source Index (PERSI), which could be used to find articles on Indians, are discussed in [[Vermont Periodicals]].  
 
[http://vermonthistory.org/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=13&Itemid=31 Vermont Historical Society Library] - You can find articles about Vermont Indians in the VHS publications ''Proceedings of the Vermont Historical Society'' (1860–1943), ''Vermont Quarterly'' (1944–1953), and ''Vermont History'' (1954–present). These periodicals and the Periodical Source Index (PERSI), which could be used to find articles on Indians, are discussed in [[Vermont Periodicals]].  
  
== See Also  ==
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=== See Also  ===
  
 
Family History Library catalog [https://familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlehitlist&columns=*%2C0%2C0&keyword=Vermont+Native+Races&prekeyword=Vermont+Native+Races Vermont Native Races]  
 
Family History Library catalog [https://familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlehitlist&columns=*%2C0%2C0&keyword=Vermont+Native+Races&prekeyword=Vermont+Native+Races Vermont Native Races]  
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[http://www.nedoba.org/ Ne-Do-Ba] - Historical &amp; Genealogical assistance with topics relating to the Wabanaki People. [[Ne-Do-Ba|Learn more]].  
 
[http://www.nedoba.org/ Ne-Do-Ba] - Historical &amp; Genealogical assistance with topics relating to the Wabanaki People. [[Ne-Do-Ba|Learn more]].  
  
== References  ==
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=== References  ===
  
 
<references />  
 
<references />  
  
== Bibliography  ==
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=== Bibliography  ===
  
 
*"Accompanying Pamphlet for Microcopy 1011", National Archives Microfilm Publications, Appendix.  
 
*"Accompanying Pamphlet for Microcopy 1011", National Archives Microfilm Publications, Appendix.  

Revision as of 01:25, 16 January 2014

United States Gotoarrow.png Vermont Gotoarrow.png American Indian Research Gotoarrow.png Indians_of_Vermont

The most prominent early Indian tribes in Vermont were the Abénaki and Mahican. The western Abénaki Indians were composed of subdivisions including Sokoki, Missisquoi, and Cowasuck. Most of the Indian tribes have disappeared from Vermont through warfare, disease, or migration.

Contents

Tribes and Bands of Vermont

The following list of American Indians who have lived in Vermont has been compiled from Hodge's Handbook of American Indians...[1] and from Swanton's The Indian Tribes of North America.[2] Some may simply be variant spellings for the same tribe.

Vermont State Recognized Tribes

  • Nulhegan Band of the Coosuk Abenaki Nation
  • Elnu Abenaki Tribe (See Nulhegan Abenaki Tribe of northeast Vermont.)

History

For the history of American Indians in Vermont, see:

  • Calloway, Colin G. The Western Abenakis of Vermont, 1600–1800. The Civilization of the American Indian Series, v.197. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1990. FHL book 970.3 Ab71cc; film 1598340, item 5 This contains a chronology of the tribe and a good bibliography of sources.
  • Haviland, William A. The Original Vermonters. Hanover, New Hampshire: Published for University of Vermont by University Press of New England, 1981. FHL book 970.1 H199o At various libraries (WorldCat) This history includes information on the Abénaki and Mahican tribes in Vermont, an index, and a bibliography.

Repositories

The New England Historic Genealogical Society has resources on New England Native peoples.

Vermont Historical Society Library - You can find articles about Vermont Indians in the VHS publications Proceedings of the Vermont Historical Society (1860–1943), Vermont Quarterly (1944–1953), and Vermont History (1954–present). These periodicals and the Periodical Source Index (PERSI), which could be used to find articles on Indians, are discussed in Vermont Periodicals.

See Also

Family History Library catalog Vermont Native Races

Vermont Military Records for a list of forts

Vermont History

Family History Library Catolog subject Vermont - Native Races

Vermont Indian Tribes - (AccessGenealogy)

Ne-Do-Ba - Historical & Genealogical assistance with topics relating to the Wabanaki People. Learn more.

References

  1. Hodge, Frederick Webb. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington D.C.:Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #30 1907. Digital version at Access Genealogy.
  2. Swanton John R. The Indian Tribes of North America. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145.

Bibliography

  • "Accompanying Pamphlet for Microcopy 1011", National Archives Microfilm Publications, Appendix.
  • American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998.
  • Gilbert, William Harlen, Jr. "Surviving Indian Groups of the Eastern United States." Pp. 407-438 of the Smithsonian Report for 1948. Digital version at Google Books.
  • Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981.
  • Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974.
  • Historical Sketches for Jurisdictional and Subject Headings Used for the Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880. National Archives Microcopy T1105.
  • Hodge, Frederick Webb. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington D.C.:Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #30 1907. Digital version at Access Genealogy.
  • Isaacs. Katherine M., editor. Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America. U.S. Data Sourcebook, Volume 11 Appendices, Bureau of Indian Affairs List of American Indian Reservations, Appendix E, Indian Reservations. Omnigraphics, Inc., 1991.
  • National Atlas of the United States of America -- Federal Lands and Indian Reservations
  • Preliminary Inventory No. 163: Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Services. Digital image at RootsWeb.
  • Swanton John R. The Indian Tribes of North America. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145.