Indians of Vermont

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The most prominent early Indian tribes in [[Vermont|Vermont]] were the Abénaki and Mahican. The western Abénaki Indians were composed of subdivisions including Sokoki, Missisquoi, and Cowasuck. Most of the Indian tribes have disappeared from Vermont through warfare, disease, or migration.  
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''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Vermont]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[American Indian Genealogy|American Indian Research]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Indians_of_Vermont]]''
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The most prominent early Indian tribes in Vermont were the Abénaki and Mahican. The western Abénaki Indians were composed of subdivisions including Sokoki, Missisquoi, and Cowasuck. Most of the Indian tribes have disappeared from Vermont through warfare, disease, or migration.  
  
 
== Tribes and Bands of Vermont  ==
 
== Tribes and Bands of Vermont  ==
  
The following list of American Indians who have lived in Vermont has been compiled from Hodge's ''Handbook of American Indians...''<ref>Hodge, Frederick Webb. ''Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico''. Washington D.C.:Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #30 1907. [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/handbook_american_indians.htm Available online].</ref> and from Swanton's ''The Indian Tribes of North America''<ref>Swanton John R. ''The Indian Tribes of North America''. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145 [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/vermont/index.htm Available online].</ref>. Some may simply be variant spellings for the same tribe.  
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The following list of American Indians who have lived in Vermont has been compiled from Hodge's ''Handbook of American Indians...''<ref>Hodge, Frederick Webb. ''Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico''. Washington D.C.:Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #30 1907. Digital version at [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/handbook_american_indians.htm Access Genealogy].</ref> and from Swanton's ''The Indian Tribes of North America.''<ref>Swanton John R. ''The Indian Tribes of North America''. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145.</ref> Some may simply be variant spellings for the same tribe.  
  
*[[Abenaki_Indians|Abenaki]]
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*[[Abenaki Indians|Abenaki]]  
 
*Mahican  
 
*Mahican  
 
*Missiassik  
 
*Missiassik  
*[[Pennacook_Indians|Pennacook]]
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*[[Pennacook Indians|Pennacook]]  
 
*Pocomtuc
 
*Pocomtuc
  
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'''Tribes Recognized by the State of Vermont'''
  
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Nulhegan Band of the Coosuk Abenaki Nation, and Elnu Abenaki Tribe (See [http://www.abenakitribe.org/ Nulhegan Abenaki Tribe] of northeast Vermont.)
  
For the history of American Indians in Vermont, see:
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'''History'''
  
*Calloway, Colin G. ''The Western Abenakis of Vermont, 1600–1800. The Civilization of the American Indian Series, v.197''. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1990. (Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=564399&disp=The+Western+Abenakis+of+Vermont%2C+1600%%20%20&columns=*,0,0 book 970.3 Ab71cc; film 1598340, item5].) This contains a chronology of the tribe and a good bibliography of sources.
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For the history of American Indians in Vermont, see:  
*Haviland, William A. ''The Original Vermonters''. Hanover, New Hampshire: Published for University of Vermont by University Press of New England, 1981. (Family History Library book [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=568667&disp=The+original+Vermonters%20%20&columns=*,0,0 970.1 H199o].) This history includes information on the Abénaki and Mahican tribes in Vermont, an index, and a bibliography.
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You can also find articles about Vermont Indians in Proceedings of the Vermont Historical Society and in Vermont History. These periodicals and the Periodical Source Index (PERSI), which could be used to find articles on Indians, are discussed in the “Periodicals” section of this outline.  
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*Calloway, Colin G. ''The Western Abenakis of Vermont, 1600–1800. The Civilization of the American Indian Series, v.197''. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1990. {{FHL|564399|item|disp=FHL book 970.3 Ab71cc; film 1598340, item 5}} This contains a chronology of the tribe and a good bibliography of sources.
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*Haviland, William A. ''The Original Vermonters''. Hanover, New Hampshire: Published for University of Vermont by University Press of New England, 1981. {{FHL|568667|item|disp=FHL book 970.1 H199o}} {{WorldCat|7277340|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}} This history includes information on the Abénaki and Mahican tribes in Vermont, an index, and a bibliography.
  
== Family History Library ==
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== Repositories ==
  
Additional sources on specific tribes can be found in the '''Family History Library Catalog '''by using a Subject Search under the name of the tribe, for example:  
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[http://www.americanancestors.org/home.html The New England Historic Genealogical Society] has resources on New England Native peoples.
  
==== ABÉNAKI INDIANS  ====
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[http://vermonthistory.org/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=13&Itemid=31 Vermont Historical Society Library] - You can find articles about Vermont Indians in the VHS publications ''Proceedings of the Vermont Historical Society'' (1860–1943), ''Vermont Quarterly'' (1944–1953), and ''Vermont History'' (1954–present). These periodicals and the Periodical Source Index (PERSI), which could be used to find articles on Indians, are discussed in [[Vermont Periodicals]].
  
Other sources can be found in the Family History Library Catalog by using a Locality Search under:
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== See Also  ==
  
VERMONT- NATIVE RACES
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[[Vermont Military Records|Vermont Military Records]] for a list of forts
  
== Other Repositories  ==
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[[Vermont History|Vermont History]]
  
:Vermont Historical Society
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Family History Library Catolog subject {{FHL|425009|subject_id|disp=Vermont - Native Races}}
  
== See Also: ==
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[http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/vermont/index.htm Vermont Indian Tribes] - (AccessGenealogy)
  
[[Vermont Military Records|Vermont-Military Records]] for a list of forts
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[http://www.nedoba.org/ Ne-Do-Ba] - Historical &amp; Genealogical assistance with topics relating to the Wabanaki People. [[Ne-Do-Ba|Learn more]].
 
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[https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/Vermont_History Vermont-History]
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== Web Sites  ==
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== References  ==
 
== References  ==
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<references />  
 
<references />  
  
==== Bibliography  ====
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== Bibliography  ==
  
 
*"Accompanying Pamphlet for Microcopy 1011", National Archives Microfilm Publications, Appendix.  
 
*"Accompanying Pamphlet for Microcopy 1011", National Archives Microfilm Publications, Appendix.  
 
*''American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications''. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998.  
 
*''American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications''. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998.  
*Gilbert, William Harlen, Jr. Surviving Indian Groups in the Eastern United States. Pp. 407-438 of the Smithsonian Report for 1948. [http://picasaweb.google.com/craingen/Surviving_Indian_Groups# Available online].  
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*Gilbert, William Harlen, Jr. "Surviving Indian Groups of the Eastern United States." Pp. 407-438 of the ''Smithsonian Report'' for 1948. Digital version at [https://plus.google.com/photos/105966272132021495189/albums/5175435763312701169?banner=pwa Google Books].  
 
*Hill, Edward E. (comp.). ''Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians''. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981.  
 
*Hill, Edward E. (comp.). ''Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians''. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981.  
 
*Hill, Edward E. ''The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches''. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974.  
 
*Hill, Edward E. ''The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches''. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974.  
 
*''Historical Sketches for Jurisdictional and Subject Headings Used for the Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880''. National Archives Microcopy T1105.  
 
*''Historical Sketches for Jurisdictional and Subject Headings Used for the Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880''. National Archives Microcopy T1105.  
*Hodge, Frederick Webb. ''Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico''. Washington D.C.:Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #30 1907. [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/handbook_american_indians.htm Available online].  
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*Hodge, Frederick Webb. ''Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico''. Washington D.C.:Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #30 1907. Digital version at [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/handbook_american_indians.htm Access Genealogy].  
 
*Isaacs. Katherine M., editor. ''Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America''. U.S. Data Sourcebook, Volume 11 Appendices, Bureau of Indian Affairs List of American Indian Reservations, Appendix E, Indian Reservations. Omnigraphics, Inc., 1991.  
 
*Isaacs. Katherine M., editor. ''Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America''. U.S. Data Sourcebook, Volume 11 Appendices, Bureau of Indian Affairs List of American Indian Reservations, Appendix E, Indian Reservations. Omnigraphics, Inc., 1991.  
*National Atlas of the United States of America -- Federal Lands and Indian Reservations [http://www.nationalatlas.gov/printable/images/pdf/fedlands/vt.pdf Available online.]  
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*[http://www.nationalatlas.gov/printable/images/pdf/fedlands/VT.pdf National Atlas of the United States of America] -- Federal Lands and Indian Reservations
*''Preliminary Inventory No. 163: Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs''. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Services. [http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~texlance/records/bia(dc)intro.htm Available online]  
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*''Preliminary Inventory No. 163: Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs''. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Services. Digital image at [http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~texlance/records/bia(dc)intro.htm RootsWeb.]  
*Swanton John R. ''The Indian Tribes of North America''. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145 [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/vermont/index.htm Available online].
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*Swanton John R. ''The Indian Tribes of North America''. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145.
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{{American Indian}} {{Vermont2|Vermont}}
  
 
[[Category:Vermont]] [[Category:Indians_of_the_United_States]]
 
[[Category:Vermont]] [[Category:Indians_of_the_United_States]]

Revision as of 18:55, 29 June 2012

United States Gotoarrow.png Vermont Gotoarrow.png American Indian Research Gotoarrow.png Indians_of_Vermont

The most prominent early Indian tribes in Vermont were the Abénaki and Mahican. The western Abénaki Indians were composed of subdivisions including Sokoki, Missisquoi, and Cowasuck. Most of the Indian tribes have disappeared from Vermont through warfare, disease, or migration.

Contents

Tribes and Bands of Vermont

The following list of American Indians who have lived in Vermont has been compiled from Hodge's Handbook of American Indians...[1] and from Swanton's The Indian Tribes of North America.[2] Some may simply be variant spellings for the same tribe.

Tribes Recognized by the State of Vermont

Nulhegan Band of the Coosuk Abenaki Nation, and Elnu Abenaki Tribe (See Nulhegan Abenaki Tribe of northeast Vermont.)

History

For the history of American Indians in Vermont, see:

  • Calloway, Colin G. The Western Abenakis of Vermont, 1600–1800. The Civilization of the American Indian Series, v.197. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1990. FHL book 970.3 Ab71cc; film 1598340, item 5 This contains a chronology of the tribe and a good bibliography of sources.
  • Haviland, William A. The Original Vermonters. Hanover, New Hampshire: Published for University of Vermont by University Press of New England, 1981. FHL book 970.1 H199o At various libraries (WorldCat) This history includes information on the Abénaki and Mahican tribes in Vermont, an index, and a bibliography.

Repositories

The New England Historic Genealogical Society has resources on New England Native peoples.

Vermont Historical Society Library - You can find articles about Vermont Indians in the VHS publications Proceedings of the Vermont Historical Society (1860–1943), Vermont Quarterly (1944–1953), and Vermont History (1954–present). These periodicals and the Periodical Source Index (PERSI), which could be used to find articles on Indians, are discussed in Vermont Periodicals.

See Also

Vermont Military Records for a list of forts

Vermont History

Family History Library Catolog subject Vermont - Native Races

Vermont Indian Tribes - (AccessGenealogy)

Ne-Do-Ba - Historical & Genealogical assistance with topics relating to the Wabanaki People. Learn more.

References

  1. Hodge, Frederick Webb. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington D.C.:Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #30 1907. Digital version at Access Genealogy.
  2. Swanton John R. The Indian Tribes of North America. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145.

Bibliography

  • "Accompanying Pamphlet for Microcopy 1011", National Archives Microfilm Publications, Appendix.
  • American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998.
  • Gilbert, William Harlen, Jr. "Surviving Indian Groups of the Eastern United States." Pp. 407-438 of the Smithsonian Report for 1948. Digital version at Google Books.
  • Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981.
  • Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974.
  • Historical Sketches for Jurisdictional and Subject Headings Used for the Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880. National Archives Microcopy T1105.
  • Hodge, Frederick Webb. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington D.C.:Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #30 1907. Digital version at Access Genealogy.
  • Isaacs. Katherine M., editor. Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America. U.S. Data Sourcebook, Volume 11 Appendices, Bureau of Indian Affairs List of American Indian Reservations, Appendix E, Indian Reservations. Omnigraphics, Inc., 1991.
  • National Atlas of the United States of America -- Federal Lands and Indian Reservations
  • Preliminary Inventory No. 163: Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Services. Digital image at RootsWeb.
  • Swanton John R. The Indian Tribes of North America. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145.