Indians of Vermont

From FamilySearch Wiki

(Difference between revisions)
m
m (changed heading level for consistency)
(25 intermediate revisions by 10 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
The most prominent early Indian tribes in [[Vermont|Vermont]] were the Abénaki and Mahican. The western Abénaki Indians were composed of subdivisions including Sokoki, Missisquoi, and Cowasuck. Most of the Indian tribes have disappeared from Vermont through warfare, disease, or migration.  
+
''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Vermont]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[American Indian Genealogy|American Indian Research]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Indians_of_Vermont]]''
 +
 
 +
The most prominent early Indian tribes in Vermont were the Abénaki and Mahican. The western Abénaki Indians were composed of subdivisions including Sokoki, Missisquoi, and Cowasuck. Most of the Indian tribes have disappeared from Vermont through warfare, disease, or migration.  
  
 
== Tribes and Bands of Vermont  ==
 
== Tribes and Bands of Vermont  ==
  
Abenaki, Mahican, Missiassik, Pennacook, Pocomtuc  
+
The following list of American Indians who have lived in Vermont has been compiled from Hodge's ''Handbook of American Indians...''<ref>Hodge, Frederick Webb. ''Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico''. Washington D.C.:Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #30 1907. Digital version at [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/handbook_american_indians.htm Access Genealogy].</ref> and from Swanton's ''The Indian Tribes of North America.''<ref>Swanton John R. ''The Indian Tribes of North America''. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145.</ref> Some may simply be variant spellings for the same tribe.
 +
 
 +
*[[Abenaki Indians|Abenaki]]
 +
*Mahican
 +
*Missiassik
 +
*[[Pennacook Indians|Pennacook]]
 +
*Pocomtuc
 +
 
 +
'''Tribes Recognized by the State of Vermont'''
  
'''Reference'''
+
Nulhegan Band of the Coosuk Abenaki Nation, and Elnu Abenaki Tribe (See [http://www.abenakitribe.org/ Nulhegan Abenaki Tribe] of northeast Vermont.)
  
:Hodge, Frederick Webb.''Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico''. Washington D. C.: Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of Ehtonology, Bulletin #30 1907.
+
'''History'''  
  
:Swanton, John R. ''The Indian Tribes of North America''. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin #145.
+
For the history of American Indians in Vermont, see:
  
See the “Native Races” section of the United States Research Outline (30972) for suggestions on how to research American Indian ancestry. For the history of American Indians in Vermont, see:
+
*Calloway, Colin G. ''The Western Abenakis of Vermont, 1600–1800. The Civilization of the American Indian Series, v.197''. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1990. {{FHL|564399|item|disp=FHL book 970.3 Ab71cc; film 1598340, item 5}} This contains a chronology of the tribe and a good bibliography of sources.
 +
*Haviland, William A. ''The Original Vermonters''. Hanover, New Hampshire: Published for University of Vermont by University Press of New England, 1981. {{FHL|568667|item|disp=FHL book 970.1 H199o}} {{WorldCat|7277340|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}} This history includes information on the Abénaki and Mahican tribes in Vermont, an index, and a bibliography.
  
*Calloway, Colin G. ''The Western Abenakis of Vermont, 1600–1800. The Civilization of the American Indian Series, v.197''. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1990. (Family History Library book 970.3 Ab71cc; film 1598340, item5.) This contains a chronology of the tribe and a good bibliography of sources.
+
== Repositories  ==
*Haviland, William A. ''The Original Vermonters''. Hanover, New Hampshire: Published for University of Vermont by University Press of New England, 1981. (Family History Library book 970.1 H199o.) This history includes information on the Abénaki and Mahican tribes in Vermont, an index, and a bibliography.
+
  
You can also find articles about Vermont Indians in Proceedings of the Vermont Historical Society and in Vermont History. These periodicals and the Periodical Source Index (PERSI), which could be used to find articles on Indians, are discussed in the “Periodicals” section of this outline.  
+
[http://www.americanancestors.org/home.html The New England Historic Genealogical Society] has resources on New England Native peoples.  
  
== Family History Library  ==
+
[http://vermonthistory.org/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=13&Itemid=31 Vermont Historical Society Library] - You can find articles about Vermont Indians in the VHS publications ''Proceedings of the Vermont Historical Society'' (1860–1943), ''Vermont Quarterly'' (1944–1953), and ''Vermont History'' (1954–present). These periodicals and the Periodical Source Index (PERSI), which could be used to find articles on Indians, are discussed in [[Vermont Periodicals]].
  
Additional sources on specific tribes can be found in the '''Family History Library Catalog '''by using a Subject Search under the name of the tribe, for example:
+
== See Also  ==
  
=== ABÉNAKI INDIANS  ===
+
[[Vermont Military Records|Vermont Military Records]] for a list of forts
  
Other sources can be found in the Family History Library Catalog by using a Locality Search under:
+
[[Vermont History|Vermont History]]
  
VERMONT- NATIVE RACES
+
Family History Library Catolog subject {{FHL|425009|subject_id|disp=Vermont - Native Races}}
  
== Other Repositories  ==
+
[http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/vermont/index.htm Vermont Indian Tribes] - (AccessGenealogy)
  
:Vermont Historical Society
+
[http://www.nedoba.org/ Ne-Do-Ba] - Historical &amp; Genealogical assistance with topics relating to the Wabanaki People. [[Ne-Do-Ba|Learn more]].
  
== See Also: ==
+
== References ==
  
[[Vermont Military Records|Vermont-Military Records]]
+
<references />
  
[[Vermont Hi|Vermont-History]] == Web Sites ==  
+
== Bibliography  ==
  
 +
*"Accompanying Pamphlet for Microcopy 1011", National Archives Microfilm Publications, Appendix.
 +
*''American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications''. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998.
 +
*Gilbert, William Harlen, Jr. "Surviving Indian Groups of the Eastern United States." Pp. 407-438 of the ''Smithsonian Report'' for 1948. Digital version at [https://plus.google.com/photos/105966272132021495189/albums/5175435763312701169?banner=pwa Google Books].
 +
*Hill, Edward E. (comp.). ''Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians''. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981.
 +
*Hill, Edward E. ''The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches''. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974.
 +
*''Historical Sketches for Jurisdictional and Subject Headings Used for the Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880''. National Archives Microcopy T1105.
 +
*Hodge, Frederick Webb. ''Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico''. Washington D.C.:Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #30 1907. Digital version at [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/handbook_american_indians.htm Access Genealogy].
 +
*Isaacs. Katherine M., editor. ''Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America''. U.S. Data Sourcebook, Volume 11 Appendices, Bureau of Indian Affairs List of American Indian Reservations, Appendix E, Indian Reservations. Omnigraphics, Inc., 1991.
 +
*[http://www.nationalatlas.gov/printable/images/pdf/fedlands/VT.pdf National Atlas of the United States of America] -- Federal Lands and Indian Reservations
 +
*''Preliminary Inventory No. 163: Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs''. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Services. Digital image at [http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~texlance/records/bia(dc)intro.htm RootsWeb.]
 +
*Swanton John R. ''The Indian Tribes of North America''. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145.
  
 +
{{American Indian}} {{Vermont2|Vermont}}
  
 
[[Category:Vermont]] [[Category:Indians_of_the_United_States]]
 
[[Category:Vermont]] [[Category:Indians_of_the_United_States]]

Revision as of 18:55, 29 June 2012

United States Gotoarrow.png Vermont Gotoarrow.png American Indian Research Gotoarrow.png Indians_of_Vermont

The most prominent early Indian tribes in Vermont were the Abénaki and Mahican. The western Abénaki Indians were composed of subdivisions including Sokoki, Missisquoi, and Cowasuck. Most of the Indian tribes have disappeared from Vermont through warfare, disease, or migration.

Contents

Tribes and Bands of Vermont

The following list of American Indians who have lived in Vermont has been compiled from Hodge's Handbook of American Indians...[1] and from Swanton's The Indian Tribes of North America.[2] Some may simply be variant spellings for the same tribe.

Tribes Recognized by the State of Vermont

Nulhegan Band of the Coosuk Abenaki Nation, and Elnu Abenaki Tribe (See Nulhegan Abenaki Tribe of northeast Vermont.)

History

For the history of American Indians in Vermont, see:

  • Calloway, Colin G. The Western Abenakis of Vermont, 1600–1800. The Civilization of the American Indian Series, v.197. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1990. FHL book 970.3 Ab71cc; film 1598340, item 5 This contains a chronology of the tribe and a good bibliography of sources.
  • Haviland, William A. The Original Vermonters. Hanover, New Hampshire: Published for University of Vermont by University Press of New England, 1981. FHL book 970.1 H199o At various libraries (WorldCat) This history includes information on the Abénaki and Mahican tribes in Vermont, an index, and a bibliography.

Repositories

The New England Historic Genealogical Society has resources on New England Native peoples.

Vermont Historical Society Library - You can find articles about Vermont Indians in the VHS publications Proceedings of the Vermont Historical Society (1860–1943), Vermont Quarterly (1944–1953), and Vermont History (1954–present). These periodicals and the Periodical Source Index (PERSI), which could be used to find articles on Indians, are discussed in Vermont Periodicals.

See Also

Vermont Military Records for a list of forts

Vermont History

Family History Library Catolog subject Vermont - Native Races

Vermont Indian Tribes - (AccessGenealogy)

Ne-Do-Ba - Historical & Genealogical assistance with topics relating to the Wabanaki People. Learn more.

References

  1. Hodge, Frederick Webb. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington D.C.:Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #30 1907. Digital version at Access Genealogy.
  2. Swanton John R. The Indian Tribes of North America. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145.

Bibliography

  • "Accompanying Pamphlet for Microcopy 1011", National Archives Microfilm Publications, Appendix.
  • American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998.
  • Gilbert, William Harlen, Jr. "Surviving Indian Groups of the Eastern United States." Pp. 407-438 of the Smithsonian Report for 1948. Digital version at Google Books.
  • Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981.
  • Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974.
  • Historical Sketches for Jurisdictional and Subject Headings Used for the Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880. National Archives Microcopy T1105.
  • Hodge, Frederick Webb. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington D.C.:Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #30 1907. Digital version at Access Genealogy.
  • Isaacs. Katherine M., editor. Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America. U.S. Data Sourcebook, Volume 11 Appendices, Bureau of Indian Affairs List of American Indian Reservations, Appendix E, Indian Reservations. Omnigraphics, Inc., 1991.
  • National Atlas of the United States of America -- Federal Lands and Indian Reservations
  • Preliminary Inventory No. 163: Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Services. Digital image at RootsWeb.
  • Swanton John R. The Indian Tribes of North America. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145.