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''[[United States Emigration and Immigration|United States Emigration and Immigration]][[Image:Gotoarrow.png]][[Iowa|Iowa]][[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] Emigration and Immigration''
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[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[United States Emigration and Immigration|U.S. Emigration and Immigration]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Iowa|Iowa]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] Emigration and Immigration [[Image:Emigrants Coming to Iowa - History of Iowa.jpg|thumb|center|400px]]
  
 
[[Iowa]] has no ports; consequently, many Iowa residents immigrated through ports in New York, New Orleans, or Canada. Passenger lists since 1820 may contain a person’s age, the state or country of birth, immigration date, occupation, names of children. After 29 July 1906, the passenger lists also contain a physical description.  
 
[[Iowa]] has no ports; consequently, many Iowa residents immigrated through ports in New York, New Orleans, or Canada. Passenger lists since 1820 may contain a person’s age, the state or country of birth, immigration date, occupation, names of children. After 29 July 1906, the passenger lists also contain a physical description.  
=== Groups ===
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The principal groups that came to Iowa from the early 1800s to the early 1900s were:  
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=== Groups ===
==== 1788-1810 ====
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The first European settlers in Iowa were French-Canadians, who worked in the lead mines near present-day Dubuque.  
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The principal groups that came to Iowa from the early 1800s to the early 1900s were: <br>
==== 1833–50 ====
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[http://www.qcmemory.org/Default.aspx?PageId=260&nt=207&nt2=229 The Black Hawk Treaty of 1833] opened most of Iowa to white settlement. Southern Iowa immigration began as the American government negotiated treaties extinguishing the remaining [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/iowa/iowahist.htm Indian claims]. Settlers came from other states, particularly Kentucky and Tennessee. Northern Iowa immigration came primarily from Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, and the Middle Atlantic and New England states.  
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'''1788-1810'''<br>The first European settlers in Iowa were French-Canadians, who worked in the lead mines near present-day Dubuque. <ref>[http://www.igsb.uiowa.edu/Browse/leadzinc/leadzinc.htm Lead and Zinc Mining in the Dubuque Area] </ref><br>
==== 1850–60 ====
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The population of Iowa nearly tripled. Ohio and Indiana contributed more settlers than all other states and immigration from Europe increased. Among the many German immigrants were the [http://www.amanacolonies.com/history.htm Amana colonists], who settled in Iowa in 1855 after having first lived near Buffalo, New York. Many immigrants arrived from Britain and Ireland.  
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'''1833–50'''<br>[http://www.qcmemory.org/Default.aspx?PageId=260&nt=207&nt2=229 The Black Hawk Treaty of 1833] opened most of Iowa to white settlement. Southern Iowa immigration began as the American government negotiated treaties extinguishing the remaining [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/iowa/iowahist.htm Indian claims]. Settlers came from other states, particularly Kentucky and Tennessee. Northern Iowa immigration came primarily from Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, and the Middle Atlantic and New England states. <br>
*''The Amish-Mennonites of Waldeck and Wittgenstein'' <ref> Guth, Hermann . ''The Amish-Mennonites of Waldeck and Wittgenstein'' Elverson, Pennsylvania : Mennonite Family History, c1986, (Family History Library Book, 943.41 D2g) </ref>
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'''1850–60'''<br>The population of Iowa nearly tripled. Ohio and Indiana contributed more settlers than all other states and immigration from Europe increased. Among the many German immigrants were the [http://www.amanacolonies.com/history.htm Amana colonists], who settled in Iowa in 1855 after having first lived near Buffalo, New York. Many immigrants arrived from Britain and Ireland.  
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*''The Amish-Mennonites of Waldeck and Wittgenstein'' <ref> Hermann Guth.''The Amish-Mennonites of Waldeck and Wittgenstein'' (Elverson, Pennsylvania Mennonite Family History, c1986). {{FHL|533837|item|disp=FHL Book, 943.41 D2g}}. </ref>  
 
*[http://www.pictonpress.com/store/show/3433 German Immigrants in Western Iowa Protestant Church Records]  
 
*[http://www.pictonpress.com/store/show/3433 German Immigrants in Western Iowa Protestant Church Records]  
*[http://www.pictonpress.com/store/show/3436 German Immigrants in NE Iowa Protestant Church Records]  
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*[http://www.pictonpress.com/store/show/3436 German Immigrants in NE Iowa Protestant Church Records] <br>
==== Late 1800 ====
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Many Scandinavians immigrated.  
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'''Late 1800'''<br>Many Scandinavians immigrated.  
*"Chapters on Scandinavian immigration to Iowa" <ref> Flom, George T. (Tobias),  "Chapters on Scandinavian immigration to Iowa" [http://www.iowahistory.org/ The State Historical Society of Iowa]. (Reprinted from Iowa Journal of History and politics for 1905-6). 150 p. (Family History Library Film, FHL US/CAN Film 989450 Item 7).  </ref>
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==== Early 1900s ====
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*''Chapters on Scandinavian immigration to Iowa'' <ref> ''Chapters on Scandinavian immigration to Iowa''  George T. (Tobias) Flom. (Iowa City: Iowa:[http://www.iowahistory.org/ The State Historical Society of Iowa]. Reprinted from Iowa Journal of History and politics for 1905-6). 150 p. {{FHL|112213|item|disp= FHL Film 989450 Item 7}} </ref>
Small groups of Austro-Hungarians and Italians arrived.  
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'''Early 1900s'''<br>Small groups of Austro-Hungarians and Italians arrived.  
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== Routes to Iowa  ==
 
== Routes to Iowa  ==
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Many early settlers of Iowa came by way of the Mississippi and Missouri Rivers. The main steamboat route from the Middle Atlantic states and the Southern states followed the Ohio River and the Mississippi River to Keokuk.  
 
Many early settlers of Iowa came by way of the Mississippi and Missouri Rivers. The main steamboat route from the Middle Atlantic states and the Southern states followed the Ohio River and the Mississippi River to Keokuk.  
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Many of the migrants into Iowa did not stay long. Some left for the gold rush, Others went to lands in the West.
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*The westward migration of Latter-day Saints opened an [http://www.lds.org/churchhistory/library/pioneercompanysearch/1,15773,3966-1,00.html overland trail] from the Mississippi River to Council Bluffs which was still used by covered wagons long after the railroad first reached the Mississippi in 1854.  
 
*The westward migration of Latter-day Saints opened an [http://www.lds.org/churchhistory/library/pioneercompanysearch/1,15773,3966-1,00.html overland trail] from the Mississippi River to Council Bluffs which was still used by covered wagons long after the railroad first reached the Mississippi in 1854.  
*''Mormon handcart story'' <ref> Larson, Gustive Olaf.  ''Mormon handcart story'' fckLRPublication Salt Lake City, Utah : Deseret Book, c1956 (Family History Library Book 979.2 H2). </ref> Lists captain of company, number in company, number died, date of departure from Iowa City, Iowa, and date of arrival in Salt Lake City, Utah.
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*''Mormon handcart story'' <ref> ''Mormon handcart story'' by Gustive Olaf Larson. (Salt Lake City, Utah&amp;nbsp;: Deseret Book, c1956) {{FHL|145182|item|disp= FHL Book 979.2 H2Lm}} </ref> Lists captain of company, number in company, number died, date of departure from Iowa City, Iowa, and date of arrival in Salt Lake City, Utah.
  
 
Until 1850 most overseas immigrants came through the ports of New Orleans or New York. After 1850 most European settlers came through ports in New York or Canada.  
 
Until 1850 most overseas immigrants came through the ports of New Orleans or New York. After 1850 most European settlers came through ports in New York or Canada.  
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For detailed information about federal immigration sources, including Canadian border-crossing records, see the [[Canada Emigration and Immigration|Canada Emigration]]  
 
For detailed information about federal immigration sources, including Canadian border-crossing records, see the [[Canada Emigration and Immigration|Canada Emigration]]  
  
*''Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources'' <ref> Eichholz, Alice, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources. Rev. ed. Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1992. (FHL book 973 D27rb 1992; computer number 594021.)</ref> Contains bibliographies and background information on history and ethnic groups. Also contains maps and tables showing when each county was created.
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*''Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources'', <ref> ''Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources'' Alice Eichholz, ed. (Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1992). {{FHL|611946|item|disp=FHL book 973 D27rb 1992}}. </ref> Contains bibliographies and background information on history and ethnic groups. Also contains maps and tables showing when each county was created.
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== Websites  ==
 
== Websites  ==
*''[http://publications.iowa.gov/135/1/history/7-1.html#text1 History of Iowa], ''Dorothy Schwieder, professor of history, Iowa State University''&nbsp;''&nbsp;
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===Sources and Footnotes===
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*''[http://publications.iowa.gov/135/1/history/7-1.html#text1 History of Iowa], ''Dorothy Schwieder, professor of history, Iowa State University  
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*[http://iagenweb.org/history/history/oibg/Immigrants.htm Iowa's Immigrants]
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== Sources and Footnotes ==
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<references />  
 
<references />  
  
[[Category:Iowa|Emigration]] [[Category:Emigration_and_Immigration]] [[Category:Dutch]] [[Category:Mennonites]] [[Category:Germans]]
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[[Category:Iowa|Emigration]] [[Category:United States Emigration and Immigration]] [[Category:Dutch]] [[Category:Mennonites]] [[Category:Germans]]

Latest revision as of 14:56, 5 February 2013

United States Gotoarrow.png U.S. Emigration and Immigration Gotoarrow.png Iowa Gotoarrow.png Emigration and Immigration
Emigrants Coming to Iowa - History of Iowa.jpg

Iowa has no ports; consequently, many Iowa residents immigrated through ports in New York, New Orleans, or Canada. Passenger lists since 1820 may contain a person’s age, the state or country of birth, immigration date, occupation, names of children. After 29 July 1906, the passenger lists also contain a physical description.

Contents

Groups

The principal groups that came to Iowa from the early 1800s to the early 1900s were:

1788-1810
The first European settlers in Iowa were French-Canadians, who worked in the lead mines near present-day Dubuque. [1]

1833–50
The Black Hawk Treaty of 1833 opened most of Iowa to white settlement. Southern Iowa immigration began as the American government negotiated treaties extinguishing the remaining Indian claims. Settlers came from other states, particularly Kentucky and Tennessee. Northern Iowa immigration came primarily from Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, and the Middle Atlantic and New England states.

1850–60
The population of Iowa nearly tripled. Ohio and Indiana contributed more settlers than all other states and immigration from Europe increased. Among the many German immigrants were the Amana colonists, who settled in Iowa in 1855 after having first lived near Buffalo, New York. Many immigrants arrived from Britain and Ireland.

Late 1800
Many Scandinavians immigrated.

  • Chapters on Scandinavian immigration to Iowa [3]

Early 1900s
Small groups of Austro-Hungarians and Italians arrived.

Routes to Iowa

Many early settlers of Iowa came by way of the Mississippi and Missouri Rivers. The main steamboat route from the Middle Atlantic states and the Southern states followed the Ohio River and the Mississippi River to Keokuk.

Many of the migrants into Iowa did not stay long. Some left for the gold rush, Others went to lands in the West.

  • The westward migration of Latter-day Saints opened an overland trail from the Mississippi River to Council Bluffs which was still used by covered wagons long after the railroad first reached the Mississippi in 1854.
  • Mormon handcart story [4] Lists captain of company, number in company, number died, date of departure from Iowa City, Iowa, and date of arrival in Salt Lake City, Utah.

Until 1850 most overseas immigrants came through the ports of New Orleans or New York. After 1850 most European settlers came through ports in New York or Canada.

For detailed information about federal immigration sources, including Canadian border-crossing records, see the Canada Emigration

  • Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, [5] Contains bibliographies and background information on history and ethnic groups. Also contains maps and tables showing when each county was created.

Websites

Sources and Footnotes

  1. Lead and Zinc Mining in the Dubuque Area
  2. Hermann Guth.The Amish-Mennonites of Waldeck and Wittgenstein (Elverson, Pennsylvania Mennonite Family History, c1986). FHL Book, 943.41 D2g.
  3. Chapters on Scandinavian immigration to Iowa George T. (Tobias) Flom. (Iowa City: Iowa:The State Historical Society of Iowa. Reprinted from Iowa Journal of History and politics for 1905-6). 150 p. FHL Film 989450 Item 7
  4. Mormon handcart story by Gustive Olaf Larson. (Salt Lake City, Utah&nbsp;: Deseret Book, c1956) FHL Book 979.2 H2Lm
  5. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources Alice Eichholz, ed. (Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1992). FHL book 973 D27rb 1992.

 

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