Ireland Tithe Applotment Books (FamilySearch Historical Records)

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== Record Description  ==
 
== Record Description  ==
  
These records cover the years 1814 through 1855.  
+
Records cover the years 1814 through 1855.  
  
 
In 1823, the Composition Act was passed in Ireland, requiring that the tithes that were owed to the Established Church (the Church of Ireland) to be paid in money. These tithes were a tax on agricultural land and had previously been payable in kind. As a result, it was necessary to have a valuation or assessment of each civil parish in the entire country to determine how much would be payable by each landholder. The act provided for the appointment of commissioners to make the valuations in each parish.  
 
In 1823, the Composition Act was passed in Ireland, requiring that the tithes that were owed to the Established Church (the Church of Ireland) to be paid in money. These tithes were a tax on agricultural land and had previously been payable in kind. As a result, it was necessary to have a valuation or assessment of each civil parish in the entire country to determine how much would be payable by each landholder. The act provided for the appointment of commissioners to make the valuations in each parish.  
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The information in the books is quite reliable.  
 
The information in the books is quite reliable.  
  
The books are either handwritten on preprinted pages or handwritten using the same format as the preprinted pages.  
+
The books are either handwritten on pre-printed pages or handwritten using the same format as the pre-printed pages.  
  
 
For a list of records by localities, and dates currently published in this collection, select the [https://familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https%3A//familysearch.org/records/collection/1804886/waypoints Browse].  
 
For a list of records by localities, and dates currently published in this collection, select the [https://familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https%3A//familysearch.org/records/collection/1804886/waypoints Browse].  
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The citation below refers to the original source of the data and images published on FamilySearch.org Historical Records. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.  
 
The citation below refers to the original source of the data and images published on FamilySearch.org Historical Records. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.  
  
{{Collection citation|text = <!--bibdescbegin-->“Ireland Tithe Applotment Books, 1824-1840,” database, FamilySearch Record Search [https://www.familysearch.org/ FamilySearch.org ]from National Archives of Ireland. Tithe Applotment Books. National Archives of Ireland, Dublin. FHL microfilm, 140 reels. Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah.<!--bibdescend-->}}  
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{{Collection citation | text= "Ireland, Tithe Applotment Books, 1814-1855." Index and Images. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013. Citing Land Commission. National Archives, Dublin, Ireland.}}  
  
 
[[Ireland Tithe Applotment Books (FamilySearch Historical Records)#Citation_Example_for_a_Record_Found_in_This_Collection|Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.]]  
 
[[Ireland Tithe Applotment Books (FamilySearch Historical Records)#Citation_Example_for_a_Record_Found_in_This_Collection|Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.]]  
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<gallery>
 
<gallery>
Image:Ireland Tithe Applotment Books (09-0401) (10-0149) DGS 256560_65.jpg|Tithe Applotment Book example 1
 
Image:Ireland Tithe Applotment Books (09-0401) (10-0149) DGS 256560_97.jpg|Tithe Applotment Book example 2
 
 
Image:Olde irish counties.jpg|Olde Irish Counties
 
Image:Olde irish counties.jpg|Olde Irish Counties
 +
Image:Ireland - Tithe Applotment Books DGS 4239502 11Tithe Compensation.jpg|Tithe Compensation
 +
Image:Ireland - Tithe Applotment Books DGS 4239502 38 Tithe Applotment Example.jpg|Applotment example 1
 +
Image:Ireland - Tithe Applotment Books DGS 4587446 210 Tithe Applotment example 2.jpg|Applotment example 2
 +
Image:Ireland - Tithe Applotment Books DGS 4239502 94.jpg|Applotment example 3
 
</gallery>  
 
</gallery>  
  
'''Tithe Apployment&nbsp;books contain the following information:<br>'''
+
Tithe applotment books generally contain the following information:  
  
 
*Townland name  
 
*Townland name  
 
*Landholders’ names  
 
*Landholders’ names  
 
*Amount of land held  
 
*Amount of land held  
*Amount to be paid in tithes
+
*Amount to be paid in tithes  
 
+
'''In addition, many books also record the following information:<br>'''
+
 
+
 
*Landlord’s name  
 
*Landlord’s name  
 
*Assessment of the economic productivity of the land
 
*Assessment of the economic productivity of the land
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== How to Use the Record  ==
 
== How to Use the Record  ==
  
Because most pre-1901 census records of Ireland have been destroyed, the Tithe Applotment Books are an important substitute. Although the books do not have a complete list of householders and residents, they are the only countrywide survey for the time period. In addition, they generally name individuals of lower economic status who carried the heaviest burden of tithes and about whom there are few other records.
+
To begin your search, it would be helpful if you knew the following information:
  
The information in these records verifies the place and length of residency. Once you have established residence information, you can determine which church records to search.
+
*Name of Ancestor
 +
*Last residence
  
'''Beginning Your Search'''
+
==== Search the Collection  ====
  
To begin your search, it would be helpful if you knew the following information:  
+
Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to look at several images and compare the information about the individuals listed in those images to your ancestors to make this determination. Keep in mind:  
  
*Name of Ancestor
+
*There may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
*Year of birth
+
*You may not be sure of your own ancestor’s name.
*Names of family members
+
*Your ancestor may have used different names or variations of their name throughout their life.
  
'''Searching the Images'''
+
For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line video at [http://broadcast.lds.org/familysearch/2011-12-03-familysearch-search-tips-1000k-eng.mp4 FamilySearch Search Tips]. <br> To search the collection image by image <br> ⇒Select "Browse through images" on the initial collection page: <br> ⇒Select "County"<br> ⇒Select "Parish and Date" which will take you to the images.
  
To search the collection you will need to follow this series of links:<br>
+
Look at the images one by one comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine if the image relates to them. You may need to look at several images and compare the information about the individuals listed in those images to your ancestors to make this determination.
  
⇒ Select the "Browse" link in the initial search page<br>⇒ Select the "County" category<br>⇒ Select the "Parish and Date" category which will take you to the images.
+
==== General Information About These Records  ====
  
Look at each image one by one comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine which one is your ancestor. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to make this determination.  
+
Because most pre-1901 census records of Ireland have been destroyed, the Tithe Applotment Books are an important substitute. Although the books do not have a complete list of householders and residents, they are the only countrywide survey for the time period. In addition, they generally name individuals of lower economic status who carried the heaviest burden of tithes and about whom there are few other records.  
  
'''Searching the Index'''
+
The information in these records verifies the place and length of residency. Once you have established residence information, you can determine which church records to search.
  
Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to find your ancestor.
+
== Known Issues with This Collection  ==
  
== Known Issues with This Collecton ==
 
 
{{HR Known Issues}}For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached [[Ireland Tithe Applotment Books (FamilySearch Historical Records)/Known Issues|Wiki article]]. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to [mailto:support@familysearch.org support@familysearch.org]. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.  
 
{{HR Known Issues}}For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached [[Ireland Tithe Applotment Books (FamilySearch Historical Records)/Known Issues|Wiki article]]. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to [mailto:support@familysearch.org support@familysearch.org]. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.  
  
 
== Related Websites  ==
 
== Related Websites  ==
  
*[http://www.nationalarchives.ie/genealogy/valuation.html The National Archives of Ireland - Tithe Applotment Books]  
+
*[http://titheapplotmentbooks.nationalarchives.ie/search/tab/home.jsp The National Archives of Ireland - Tithe Applotment Books] - Free full access to index and online images of the records
 
*[http://homepage.eircom.net/%257Eseanjmurphy/nai/puboffs.htm Public Offices of Ireland]  
 
*[http://homepage.eircom.net/%257Eseanjmurphy/nai/puboffs.htm Public Offices of Ireland]  
 
*[http://www.irishtimes.com/ancestor/browse/records/land/tiap.htm Irish Ancestors - Tithe Applotment Books]
 
*[http://www.irishtimes.com/ancestor/browse/records/land/tiap.htm Irish Ancestors - Tithe Applotment Books]
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== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
 
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
 +
 +
Citations for individual image records are available for this collection. Browse through images in this collection and click on the “Show Citation” box: [https://familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https://familysearch.org/records/collection/1804886/waypoints Ireland, Tithe Applotment Books, 1814-1855]
  
 
When you copy information from the record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find th record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you do not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.  
 
When you copy information from the record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find th record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you do not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.  
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=== Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection  ===
 
=== Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection  ===
 
"Ireland, Tithe Applotment Books, 1814-1855," database and digital images, ''FamilySearch'' (https://www.familysearch.org: accessed 7 October 2011), entry for Patrick Tenton, Waterford County, 1830; citing Tax Records, FHL microfilm 256,563; National Archives of Ireland, Dublin, Ireland.
 

Revision as of 18:39, 27 September 2013

FamilySearch Record Search This article describes a collection of historical records available at FamilySearch.org.

Contents

Record Description

Records cover the years 1814 through 1855.

In 1823, the Composition Act was passed in Ireland, requiring that the tithes that were owed to the Established Church (the Church of Ireland) to be paid in money. These tithes were a tax on agricultural land and had previously been payable in kind. As a result, it was necessary to have a valuation or assessment of each civil parish in the entire country to determine how much would be payable by each landholder. The act provided for the appointment of commissioners to make the valuations in each parish.

The tax was based on the average price of wheat and oats over the seven years up to 1823 and was levied at a different rate depending on the quality of the land. As a result, the tax was not assessed equally on all land; some lands had no tax assessed at all. The tax caused a great resentment by those who were not members of the Church of Ireland, since the money was used to support the church. A series of acts were passed from 1823 onwards in an effort to make the method of calculating the tax fairer. The tax was generally abolished in 1869.

Books listing tithe-payers and quantities of land were compiled for most parishes and generally ranged between the years 1823 to 1838. The books were first deposited with the Irish Land Commission, and then in the 1940s they were transferred to the Public Record Office of Ireland and the Public Record Office of Northern Ireland. The books list about 40 percent of families heads.

The Tithe Applotment books were compiled to determine the amount of tithes (tax) which must be paid to the Church of Ireland by those who occupied agricultural lands.

The information in the books is quite reliable.

The books are either handwritten on pre-printed pages or handwritten using the same format as the pre-printed pages.

For a list of records by localities, and dates currently published in this collection, select the Browse.

Citation for this collection

The citation below refers to the original source of the data and images published on FamilySearch.org Historical Records. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.

"Ireland, Tithe Applotment Books, 1814-1855." Index and Images. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013. Citing Land Commission. National Archives, Dublin, Ireland.

Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.

Record Content

Tithe applotment books generally contain the following information:

  • Townland name
  • Landholders’ names
  • Amount of land held
  • Amount to be paid in tithes
  • Landlord’s name
  • Assessment of the economic productivity of the land

How to Use the Record

To begin your search, it would be helpful if you knew the following information:

  • Name of Ancestor
  • Last residence

Search the Collection

Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to look at several images and compare the information about the individuals listed in those images to your ancestors to make this determination. Keep in mind:

  • There may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
  • You may not be sure of your own ancestor’s name.
  • Your ancestor may have used different names or variations of their name throughout their life.

For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line video at FamilySearch Search Tips.
To search the collection image by image
⇒Select "Browse through images" on the initial collection page:
⇒Select "County"
⇒Select "Parish and Date" which will take you to the images.

Look at the images one by one comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine if the image relates to them. You may need to look at several images and compare the information about the individuals listed in those images to your ancestors to make this determination.

General Information About These Records

Because most pre-1901 census records of Ireland have been destroyed, the Tithe Applotment Books are an important substitute. Although the books do not have a complete list of householders and residents, they are the only countrywide survey for the time period. In addition, they generally name individuals of lower economic status who carried the heaviest burden of tithes and about whom there are few other records.

The information in these records verifies the place and length of residency. Once you have established residence information, you can determine which church records to search.

Known Issues with This Collection

Important.png Problems with this collection?
See a list of known issues, workarounds, tips, restrictions, future fixes, news and other helpful information.

For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached Wiki article. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to support@familysearch.org. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.

Related Websites

Related Wiki Articles

Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections

Citations for individual image records are available for this collection. Browse through images in this collection and click on the “Show Citation” box: Ireland, Tithe Applotment Books, 1814-1855

When you copy information from the record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find th record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you do not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.

A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections.

Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection