Ireland Tithe Applotment Books (FamilySearch Historical Records)Edit This Page
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|This article describes a collection of historical records available at FamilySearch.org.|
Access the records: Ireland, Tithe Applotment Books, 1814-1855 .
Records cover the years 1814 through 1855.
In 1823, the Composition Act was passed in Ireland, requiring that the tithes that were owed to the Established Church (the Church of Ireland) to be paid in money. These tithes were a tax on agricultural land and had previously been payable in kind. As a result, it was necessary to have a valuation or assessment of each civil parish in the entire country to determine how much would be payable by each landholder. The act provided for the appointment of commissioners to make the valuations in each parish.
The tax was based on the average price of wheat and oats over the seven years up to 1823 and was levied at a different rate depending on the quality of the land. As a result, the tax was not assessed equally on all land; some lands had no tax assessed at all. The tax caused a great resentment by those who were not members of the Church of Ireland, since the money was used to support the church. A series of acts were passed from 1823 onwards in an effort to make the method of calculating the tax fairer. The tax was generally abolished in 1869.
Books listing tithe-payers and quantities of land were compiled for most parishes and generally ranged between the years 1823 to 1838. The books were first deposited with the Irish Land Commission, and then in the 1940s they were transferred to the Public Record Office of Ireland and the Public Record Office of Northern Ireland. The books list about 40 percent of families heads.
The Tithe Applotment books were compiled to determine the amount of tithes (tax) which must be paid to the Church of Ireland by those who occupied agricultural lands.
The information in the books is quite reliable.
The books are either handwritten on pre-printed pages or handwritten using the same format as the pre-printed pages.
For a list of records by localities, and dates currently published in this collection, select the Browse.
Tithe applotment books generally contain the following information:
- Townland name
- Landholders’ names
- Amount of land held
- Amount to be paid in tithes
- Landlord’s name
- Assessment of the economic productivity of the land
How to Use the Record
To begin your search, it would be helpful if you knew the following information:
- Name of Ancestor
- Last residence
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Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to look at several images and compare the information about the individuals listed in those images to your ancestors to make this determination. Keep in mind:
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To search the collection image by image
⇒Select "Browse through images" on the initial collection page:
⇒Select "Parish and Date" which will take you to the images.
Search the collection by image comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine if the image relates to them. You may need to look at several images and compare the information about the individuals listed in those images to your ancestors to make this determination.
General Information About These Records
Because most pre-1901 census records of Ireland have been destroyed, the Tithe Applotment Books are an important substitute. Although the books do not have a complete list of householders and residents, they are the only countrywide survey for the time period. In addition, they generally name individuals of lower economic status who carried the heaviest burden of tithes and about whom there are few other records.
The information in these records verifies the place and length of residency. Once you have established residence information, you can determine which church records to search.
Known Issues with This Collection
For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached Wiki article. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to firstname.lastname@example.org. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.
- The National Archives of Ireland - Tithe Applotment Books - Free full access to index and online images of the records
- Public Offices of Ireland
- Irish Ancestors - Tithe Applotment Books
Related Wiki Articles
Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections
Citations for individual image records are available for this collection. Browse through images in this collection and click on the “Show Citation” box: Ireland, Tithe Applotment Books, 1814-1855
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A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections.
Citation for this collection
The citation below refers to the original source of the data and images published on FamilySearch.org Historical Records. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.
- "Ireland, Tithe Applotment Books, 1814-1855." Index and Images. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013. Citing Land Commission. National Archives, Dublin, Ireland.