Italian Genealogical Word List

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''[[Italy|Italy]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Italian_Genealogical_Word_List|Genealogical Word List]]''
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=== Genealogical Word List  ===
 
=== Genealogical Word List  ===
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This list contains Italian words with their English translations. The words included here are those that you are likely to find in genealogical sources. If the word you are looking for is not on this list, please consult an Italian-English dictionary. (See the “Additional Resources” section.)  
 
This list contains Italian words with their English translations. The words included here are those that you are likely to find in genealogical sources. If the word you are looking for is not on this list, please consult an Italian-English dictionary. (See the “Additional Resources” section.)  
  
Italian is a Romance language derived from Latin. Many of the words resemble those of Latin. See [[Latin_Genealogical_Word_List |Latin Genealogical Word List (34077)]]. Italian is spoken in Italy and the southern part of Switzerland in the cantons of Ticino and Graubünden. Italian is also spoken in Yugoslavia near the border with Trieste. Some of the records of Corsica, Nice, and Savoy were written in Italian before those areas became part of France. Clusters of Italian immigrants in major cities like New York, Chicago, Montreal, Toronto, and Melbourne also speak Italian. Sicilian, Neapolitan, Romanesque, and Venetian are major dialects of Italian, and they use words similar to the words on this list. Several other minor dialects are spoken in the various provinces of Italy.
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Italian is a Romance language derived from Latin. Many of the words resemble those of Latin. See [[Latin Genealogical Word List|Latin Genealogical Word List (34077)]]. Italian is spoken in Italy and the southern part of Switzerland in the cantons of Ticino and Graubünden. Italian is also spoken in Yugoslavia near the border with Trieste. Some of the records of Corsica, Nice, and Savoy were written in Italian before those areas became part of France. Clusters of Italian immigrants in major cities like New York, Chicago, Montreal, Toronto, and Melbourne also speak Italian. Sicilian, Neapolitan, Romanesque, and Venetian are major dialects of Italian, and they use words similar to the words on this list. Several other minor dialects are spoken in the various provinces of Italy.  
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== Language Characteristics  ==
  
== Language Characteristics ==
 
 
In Italian, the endings of most words vary according to the way the words are used in a sentence. Who— whose—whom or marry—marries—married are examples of words in English with variant forms. This word list gives the most commonly seen form of each Italian word. As you read Italian records, be aware that almost all words vary with usage. Only some variations are explained in this guide.  
 
In Italian, the endings of most words vary according to the way the words are used in a sentence. Who— whose—whom or marry—marries—married are examples of words in English with variant forms. This word list gives the most commonly seen form of each Italian word. As you read Italian records, be aware that almost all words vary with usage. Only some variations are explained in this guide.  
  
=== Gender. ===
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=== Gender. ===
Italian nouns are designated as masculine or feminine. For example, vicinanza (neighborhood) is a feminine word, and villaggio (village) is a masculine word. Generally, nouns ending in !a are feminine, nouns ending !e may be either masculine or feminine, and nouns ending in !o are masculine. Adjectives and articles (a, an, the) will have either masculine or feminine endings for the noun they modify: !a for feminine singular nouns, !o for masculine singular nouns. For example, in Italian you write ava paterna (paternal grandmother) or avo paterno (paternal grandfather).
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=== Plurals. ===
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Italian nouns are designated as masculine or feminine. For example, vicinanza (neighborhood) is a feminine word, and villaggio (village) is a masculine word. Generally, nouns ending in !a are feminine, nouns ending !e may be either masculine or feminine, and nouns ending in !o are masculine. Adjectives and articles (a, an, the) will have either masculine or feminine endings for the noun they modify: !a for feminine singular nouns, !o for masculine singular nouns. For example, in Italian you write ava paterna (paternal grandmother) or avo paterno (paternal grandfather).  
For nouns ending with !a, the plural is formed by replacing the last letter with !e; for nouns ending in !o or !e, replace the last letter with !i to form the plural. For example, figlia (daughter) becomes figlie (daughters), and padrino (godfather) becomes padrini (godparents). Articles and adjectives take e as the feminine plural ending, and i as the masculine plural ending. Buona figlia becomes buone figlie (good daughters) and buono padrino becomes buoni padrini (good godparents).  
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=== Verb tense. ===
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=== Plurals.  ===
Verbs also vary depending on mood, who is acting, and whether the action is in the past, present, or future. For example, the Italian verb sposare (to marry) could appear with various endings:
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<br>Present - Past Tenses
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For nouns ending with&nbsp;!a, the plural is formed by replacing the last letter with&nbsp;!e; for nouns ending in&nbsp;!o or&nbsp;!e, replace the last letter with&nbsp;!i to form the plural. For example, figlia (daughter) becomes figlie (daughters), and padrino (godfather) becomes padrini (godparents). Articles and adjectives take e as the feminine plural ending, and i as the masculine plural ending. Buona figlia becomes buone figlie (good daughters) and buono padrino becomes buoni padrini (good godparents).
<br>marry married, was married
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<br>(she/he) sposa è sposato, fu sposato, sposò
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=== Verb tense. ===
<br>(they) sposano sono sposati, furono sposati, sposarono
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Verbs also vary depending on mood, who is acting, and whether the action is in the past, present, or future. For example, the Italian verb sposare (to marry) could appear with various endings: <br>Present - Past Tenses <br>marry married, was married <br>(she/he) sposa è sposato, fu sposato, sposò <br>(they) sposano sono sposati, furono sposati, sposarono  
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=== Diacritic Marks  ===
  
=== Diacritic Marks ===
 
 
The Italian language has several additional letters with diacritic marks: à, è, ì, ò, and ù. These diacritic marks indicate a change in pronunciation, but do not affect alphabetical order. They are more often used in recent documents.  
 
The Italian language has several additional letters with diacritic marks: à, è, ì, ò, and ù. These diacritic marks indicate a change in pronunciation, but do not affect alphabetical order. They are more often used in recent documents.  
  
=== Spelling ===
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=== Spelling ===
Spelling rules were not fixed in earlier centuries when records of our ancestors were written. The k, j, and w are only used in foreign words. The following spelling variations may be found:
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* y or j used for i
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* i used for j
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== Additional Resources ==
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Spelling rules were not fixed in earlier centuries when records of our ancestors were written. The k, j, and w are only used in foreign words. The following spelling variations may be found:  
This word list includes words most commonly found in genealogical sources. For further help, use an Italian- English dictionary.  At the Family History Library, the Italian dictionaries are cataloged with the call number 453.21.  The following dictionary is also available on microfilm for use in family history centers:
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* Orlandi, Giusseppe. ''Dizionario Italiano-inglese,'' Inglese-italiano [Italian-English, English-italian Dictionary]''. Milano: Carlo Signorelli, 1957.'' (FHL film 1181660 item 5.)
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== Key Words ==
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*y or j used for i
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*i used for j
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== Additional Resources  ==
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This word list includes words most commonly found in genealogical sources. For further help, use an Italian- English dictionary. At the Family History Library, the Italian dictionaries are cataloged with the call number 453.21. The following dictionary is also available on microfilm for use in family history centers:
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*Orlandi, Giusseppe. ''Dizionario Italiano-inglese,'' Inglese-italiano [Italian-English, English-italian Dictionary]''. Milano: Carlo Signorelli, 1957.'' (FHL film 1181660 item 5.)
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== Key Words ==
  
 
To find and use specific types of Italian records, you will need to know some key words in Italian. This section gives key genealogical terms in English and the Italian words with the same or similar meanings. For example, in the first column you will find the English word marriage. In the second column you will find Italian words with meanings such as marry, marriage, wedding, wedlock, unite, and other words used in Italian records to indicate marriage.  
 
To find and use specific types of Italian records, you will need to know some key words in Italian. This section gives key genealogical terms in English and the Italian words with the same or similar meanings. For example, in the first column you will find the English word marriage. In the second column you will find Italian words with meanings such as marry, marriage, wedding, wedlock, unite, and other words used in Italian records to indicate marriage.  
  
'''English - Italian'''
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'''English - Italian'''  
*'''banns''' - pubblicazioni, notificazioni
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*'''baptism(s)''' - battesimo, -i
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*'''banns''' - pubblicazioni, notificazioni  
*'''birth(s)''' - nata, nascita, -e
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*'''baptism(s)''' - battesimo, -i  
*'''burial(s)''' - seppellimento, sepolto, sepolture, -i
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*'''birth(s)''' - nata, nascita, -e  
*'''child''' - neonato, neonata, infante, bambino
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*'''burial(s)''' - seppellimento, sepolto, sepolture, -i  
*'''christening(s)''' - battesimo, -i
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*'''child''' - neonato, neonata, infante, bambino  
*'''confirmation(s)''' - cresima, -e
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*'''christening(s)''' - battesimo, -i  
*'''death(s)''' - morte, morire, decesso, -i
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*'''confirmation(s)''' - cresima, -e  
*'''father''' - padre
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*'''death(s)''' - morte, morire, decesso, -i  
*'''husband''' - marito, sposo
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*'''father''' - padre  
*'''index''' - indice
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*'''husband''' - marito, sposo  
*'''marriage(s)''' - matrimono, sposato, coniugato, maritato, -i
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*'''index''' - indice  
*'''month''' - mese
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*'''marriage(s)''' - matrimono, sposato, coniugato, maritato, -i  
*'''mother''' - madre
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*'''month''' - mese  
*'''name''' - nome
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*'''mother''' - madre  
*'''parents''' - genitori
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*'''name''' - nome  
*'''parish''' - parrocchia
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*'''parents''' - genitori  
*'''surname''' - cognome
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*'''parish''' - parrocchia  
*'''wife''' - sposa, moglie
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*'''surname''' - cognome  
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*'''wife''' - sposa, moglie  
 
*'''year''' - anno
 
*'''year''' - anno
  
 
== General Word List  ==
 
== General Word List  ==
This general word list includes words commonly seen in genealogical sources. Numbers, months, and days of the week are listed both here and in separate sections that follow this list.
 
  
In this list, optional versions of Italian words or variable endings (such as some plural or feminine endings) are given after a hyphen. Parentheses in the English column clarify the definition. In Italian, some words have both a male and female form, such as:
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This general word list includes words commonly seen in genealogical sources. Numbers, months, and days of the week are listed both here and in separate sections that follow this list.
  
'''Italian - English'''
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In this list, optional versions of Italian words or variable endings (such as some plural or feminine endings) are given after a hyphen. Parentheses in the English column clarify the definition. In Italian, some words have both a male and female form, such as:
*'''neonato''' - male child
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'''Italian - English'''  
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*'''neonato''' - male child  
 
*'''neonata''' - female child
 
*'''neonata''' - female child
  
When a word has both a male and female version, this word list gives the feminine ending of words after a hyphen, such as:
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When a word has both a male and female version, this word list gives the feminine ending of words after a hyphen, such as:  
  
'''Italian - English'''
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'''Italian - English'''  
*'''neonato, -a''' - male child, female child
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*'''cognato, -a''' - brother-in-law, sister-in-law
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*'''cugino, -a''' - male cousin, female cousin
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* † = '''morto, -a''' - died
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== Numbers ==
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*'''neonato, -a''' - male child, female child
In some genealogical records, numbers are spelled out. This is especially true with dates. The following list gives the cardinal (for example, 1, 2, 3) and the ordinal (for example, 1st, 2nd, 3rd) versions of each number. Days of the month are usually written in cardinal form. Note that all ordinal numbers are adjectives and will end with; '''o''' or '''a''' depending on the gender of the word it modifies.
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*'''cognato, -a''' - brother-in-law, sister-in-law
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*'''cugino, -a''' - male cousin, female cousin
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*† = '''morto, -a''' - died
  
'''Number / Cardinal / Ordinal'''
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== Numbers  ==
*'''1''' uno 1st primo, -a
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*'''2''' due 2nd secondo, -a
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In some genealogical records, numbers are spelled out. This is especially true with dates. The following list gives the cardinal (for example, 1, 2, 3) and the ordinal (for example, 1st, 2nd, 3rd) versions of each number. Days of the month are usually written in cardinal form. Note that all ordinal numbers are adjectives and will end with; '''o''' or '''a''' depending on the gender of the word it modifies.
*'''3''' tre 3rd terzo, -a
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*'''4''' quattro 4th quarto, -a
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'''Number / Cardinal / Ordinal'''  
*'''5''' cinque 5th quinto, -a
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*'''6''' sei 6th sesto, -a
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*'''1''' uno 1st primo, -a  
*'''7''' sette 7th settimo, -a
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*'''2''' due 2nd secondo, -a  
*'''8''' otto 8th ottavo, -a
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*'''3''' tre 3rd terzo, -a  
*'''9''' nove 9th nono, -a
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*'''4''' quattro 4th quarto, -a  
*'''10''' dieci 10th decimo, -a
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*'''5''' cinque 5th quinto, -a  
*'''11''' undici 11th undicesimo, -a
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*'''6''' sei 6th sesto, -a  
*'''12''' dodici 12th dodicesimo, -a
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*'''7''' sette 7th settimo, -a  
*'''13''' tredici 13th tredicesimo, -a
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*'''8''' otto 8th ottavo, -a  
*'''14''' quattordici 14th quattordicesimo, -a
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*'''9''' nove 9th nono, -a  
*'''15''' quindici 15th quindicesimo, -a
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*'''10''' dieci 10th decimo, -a  
*'''16''' sedici 16th sedicesimo, -a
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*'''11''' undici 11th undicesimo, -a  
*'''17''' diciassette 17th diciassettesimo, -a
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*'''12''' dodici 12th dodicesimo, -a  
*'''18''' diciotto 18th diciottesimo, -a
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*'''13''' tredici 13th tredicesimo, -a  
*'''19''' diciannove 19th diciannovesimo, -a
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*'''14''' quattordici 14th quattordicesimo, -a  
*'''20''' venti 20th ventesimo, -a
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*'''15''' quindici 15th quindicesimo, -a  
*'''21''' ventuno 21st ventunesimo, -a
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*'''16''' sedici 16th sedicesimo, -a  
*'''22''' ventidue 22nd ventiduesimo, -a
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*'''17''' diciassette 17th diciassettesimo, -a  
*'''23''' ventitre 23rd ventitreesimo, -a
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*'''18''' diciotto 18th diciottesimo, -a  
*'''24''' ventiquattro 24th ventiquattresimo, -a
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*'''19''' diciannove 19th diciannovesimo, -a  
*'''25''' venticinque 25th venticinquesimo, -a
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*'''20''' venti 20th ventesimo, -a  
*'''26''' ventisei 26th ventiseiesimo, -a
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*'''21''' ventuno 21st ventunesimo, -a  
*'''27''' ventisette 27th ventisettesimo, -a
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*'''22''' ventidue 22nd ventiduesimo, -a  
*'''28''' ventotto 28th ventottesimo, -a
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*'''23''' ventitre 23rd ventitreesimo, -a  
*'''29''' ventinove 29th ventinovesimo, -a
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*'''24''' ventiquattro 24th ventiquattresimo, -a  
*'''30''' trenta 30th trentesimo, -a
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*'''25''' venticinque 25th venticinquesimo, -a  
*'''31''' trentuno 31st trentunesimo, -a
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*'''26''' ventisei 26th ventiseiesimo, -a  
*'''40''' quaranta 40th quarantesimo, -a
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*'''27''' ventisette 27th ventisettesimo, -a  
*'''50''' cinquanta 50th cinquantesimo, -a
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*'''28''' ventotto 28th ventottesimo, -a  
*'''60''' sessanta 60th sessantesimo, -a
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*'''29''' ventinove 29th ventinovesimo, -a  
*'''70''' settanta 70th settantesimo, -a
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*'''30''' trenta 30th trentesimo, -a  
*'''80''' ottanta 80th ottantesimo, -a
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*'''31''' trentuno 31st trentunesimo, -a  
*'''90''' novanta 90th novantesimo, -a
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*'''40''' quaranta 40th quarantesimo, -a  
*'''100''' cento 100th centesimo, -a
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*'''50''' cinquanta 50th cinquantesimo, -a  
*'''200''' duecento 200th duecentesimo, -a
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*'''60''' sessanta 60th sessantesimo, -a  
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*'''70''' settanta 70th settantesimo, -a  
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*'''80''' ottanta 80th ottantesimo, -a  
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*'''90''' novanta 90th novantesimo, -a  
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*'''100''' cento 100th centesimo, -a  
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*'''200''' duecento 200th duecentesimo, -a  
 
*'''1000''' mille 1000th millesimo, -a
 
*'''1000''' mille 1000th millesimo, -a
  
== Dates and Time ==
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== Dates and Time ==
In Italian records, the registrar often indicated the exact time of day when an event occurred. This is generally written out, for example:
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In Italian records, the registrar often indicated the exact time of day when an event occurred. This is generally written out, for example:  
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:''L’anno del Signore milleottocentocinquantasette ed alli undici del mese di gennaio alle ore sei della mattina''<br>(In the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred fifty-seven on the eleventh of the month of January at six o’clock in the morning)
 
:''L’anno del Signore milleottocentocinquantasette ed alli undici del mese di gennaio alle ore sei della mattina''<br>(In the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred fifty-seven on the eleventh of the month of January at six o’clock in the morning)
To understand Italian dates, use the following lists as well as the preceding “Numbers” section.
 
  
=== Months ===
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To understand Italian dates, use the following lists as well as the preceding “Numbers” section.
'''English - Italian'''
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*'''January''' - gennaio
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=== Months ===
*'''February''' - febbraio
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*'''March''' - marzo
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'''English - Italian'''  
*'''April''' - aprile
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*'''May''' - maggio
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*'''January''' - gennaio  
*'''June''' - giugno
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*'''February''' - febbraio  
*'''July''' - luglio
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*'''March''' - marzo  
*'''August''' - agosto
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*'''April''' - aprile  
*'''September''' - settembre
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*'''May''' - maggio  
*'''October''' - ottobre
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*'''June''' - giugno  
*'''November''' - novembre
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*'''July''' - luglio  
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*'''August''' - agosto  
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*'''September''' - settembre  
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*'''October''' - ottobre  
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*'''November''' - novembre  
 
*'''December''' - dicembre
 
*'''December''' - dicembre
  
=== Days of the Week ===
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=== Days of the Week ===
'''English - Italian'''
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*'''Sunday''' - domenica
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'''English - Italian'''  
*'''Monday''' - lunedì
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*'''Tuesday''' - martedì
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*'''Sunday''' - domenica  
*'''Wednesday''' - mercoledì
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*'''Monday''' - lunedì  
*'''Thursday''' - giovedì
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*'''Tuesday''' - martedì  
*'''Friday''' - venerdì
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*'''Wednesday''' - mercoledì  
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*'''Thursday''' - giovedì  
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*'''Friday''' - venerdì  
 
*'''Saturday''' - sabato
 
*'''Saturday''' - sabato
  
=== Times of the Day ===
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=== Times of the Day ===
Italian birth and death records often indicated the exact time of day when the birth or death occurred. This is usually written out.
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'''English - Italian'''
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Italian birth and death records often indicated the exact time of day when the birth or death occurred. This is usually written out.  
*'''afternoon''' -  pomeriggio
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*'''at the 16th hour''' -  alle ore sedici ;''eg:(4:00 P.M.)''
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*'''before noon''' -  ante meridiane
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*'''day''' -  giorno
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*'''evening''' -  sera
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*'''hour''' -  ora
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*'''midday''' -  mezzogiorno
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*'''midnight''' -  mezzanotte
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*'''month''' -  mese
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*'''monthly''' -  mensile
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*'''morning''' -  mattina
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*'''night''' -  notte
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*'''of the month of''' -  del mese di
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*'''on the day''' -  addì
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*'''year''' -  anno
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*'''yesterday''' -  ieri
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*'''yesterday evening''' -  iersera
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*'''yesterday morning''' -  iermattina
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= Alphabetical =
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'''English - Italian'''  
''The following list first shows the Italian word followed by the English word.''
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== A ==
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*'''afternoon''' - pomeriggio
*'''a''' - at, to
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*'''at the 16th hour''' - alle ore sedici&nbsp;;''eg:(4:00 P.M.)''
*'''abbiamo''' - we have
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*'''before noon''' - ante meridiane
*'''abbiente''' - owner
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*'''day''' - giorno
*'''abbracciatutto''' - jack-of-all-trades
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*'''evening''' - sera
*'''abiatico''' - grandson
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*'''hour''' - ora
*'''abitante''' - inhabitant
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*'''midday''' - mezzogiorno
*'''abitare''' - to live
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*'''midnight''' - mezzanotte
*'''abitazione''' - home, residence
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*'''month''' - mese
*'''a cagione di''' - because of
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*'''monthly''' - mensile
*'''a casa''' - at home
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*'''morning''' - mattina
*'''accanto''' - beside
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*'''night''' - notte
*'''accusato''' - accused, charged
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*'''of the month of''' - del mese di
*'''addì''' - on the day
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*'''on the day''' - addì
*'''adesso''' - now
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*'''year''' - anno
*'''adottato, -a''' - adopted
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*'''yesterday''' - ieri
*'''adultero, -a''' - adulterer
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*'''yesterday evening''' - iersera
*'''affinità''' - relationship
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*'''yesterday morning''' - iermattina
*'''affittuario, -a''' - renter, tenant
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*'''agente''' - agent
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= Alphabetical  =
*'''agosto''' - August
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*'''agricoltore''' - farmer
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''The following list first shows the Italian word followed by the English word.''
*'''albergatore''' - innkeeper
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*'''albero genealogico''' - pedigree
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== A ==
*'''alcuni, -e''' - some
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*'''alcuno, -a''' - any, some
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*'''a''' - at, to  
*'''alias''' - alias, also known as
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*'''abbiamo''' - we have  
*'''alla nascita''' - time of birth
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*'''abbiente''' - owner  
*'''allegati''' - supplements
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*'''abbracciatutto''' - jack-of-all-trades  
*'''alle ore''' - at the hour
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*'''abiatico''' - grandson  
*'''allevatore''' - animal feeder
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*'''abitante''' - inhabitant  
*'''allora''' - then
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*'''abitare''' - to live  
*'''all’uopo''' - to this end
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*'''abitazione''' - home, residence  
*'''almeno''' - at least
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*'''a cagione di''' - because of  
*'''alto''' - high
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*'''a casa''' - at home  
*'''altresì''' - also, too
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*'''accanto''' - beside  
*'''altre volte''' - formerly
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*'''accusato''' - accused, charged  
*'''altro''' - other, else
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*'''addì''' - on the day  
*'''ambedue''' - both
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*'''adesso''' - now  
*'''amico, -a''' - friend
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*'''adottato, -a''' - adopted  
*'''amministratore''' - steward, manager
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*'''adultero, -a''' - adulterer  
*'''amministrazione''' - administration
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*'''affinità''' - relationship  
*'''amogliato''' - took a wife
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*'''affittuario, -a''' - renter, tenant  
*'''anche''' - also
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*'''agente''' - agent  
*'''ancora''' - yet, still
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*'''agosto''' - August  
*'''andiamo''' - right away, immediately
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*'''agricoltore''' - farmer  
*'''anime''' - parish census
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*'''albergatore''' - innkeeper  
*'''annegato''' - drowned
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*'''albero genealogico''' - pedigree  
*'''anni''' - years
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*'''alcuni, -e''' - some  
*'''anniversariov anniversary
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*'''alcuno, -a''' - any, some  
*'''anno''' - year
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*'''alias''' - alias, also known as  
*'''annotazioni''' - annotations
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*'''alla nascita''' - time of birth  
*'''annuale''' - annual, yearly
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*'''allegati''' - supplements  
*'''antenato, -i''' - ancestor(s)
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*'''alle ore''' - at the hour  
*'''anzidetta''' - aforesaid
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*'''allevatore''' - animal feeder  
*'''anzitutto''' - first of all, initially
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*'''allora''' - then  
*'''appartenenza religiosa''' - religious affiliation
+
*'''all’uopo''' - to this end  
*'''appartienev''' - pertains
+
*'''almeno''' - at least  
*'''appena''' - as soon as
+
*'''alto''' - high  
*'''apprendista''' - apprentice
+
*'''altresì''' - also, too  
*'''appresso''' - after, the next
+
*'''altre volte''' - formerly  
*'''aprile''' - April
+
*'''altro''' - other, else  
*'''araldica''' - heraldry
+
*'''ambedue''' - both  
*'''aratore''' - plowman
+
*'''amico, -a''' - friend  
*'''archivi''' - archives
+
*'''amministratore''' - steward, manager  
*'''archivi di stato''' - state archives
+
*'''amministrazione''' - administration  
*'''arrivo''' - arrival, immigration
+
*'''amogliato''' - took a wife  
*'''artefice''' - maker
+
*'''anche''' - also  
*'''ascesso''' - abscess
+
*'''ancora''' - yet, still  
*'''asma''' - asthma
+
*'''andiamo''' - right away, immediately  
*'''assessore comunale''' - alderman
+
*'''anime''' - parish census  
*'''attacco''' - seizure
+
*'''annegato''' - drowned  
*'''attesa''' - awaiting
+
*'''anni''' - years  
*'''atti diversi''' - miscellaneous records
+
*'''anniversariov anniversary'''
*'''atto di matrimonio''' - marriage certificate
+
*'''anno''' - year  
*'''atto di morte''' - death certificate
+
*'''annotazioni''' - annotations  
*'''atto di nascita''' - birth certificate
+
*'''annuale''' - annual, yearly  
*'''austriaco''' - Austrian
+
*'''antenato, -i''' - ancestor(s)  
*'''ava materna''' - maternal grandmother
+
*'''anzidetta''' - aforesaid  
*'''avanti di''' - before
+
*'''anzitutto''' - first of all, initially  
*'''ava paterna''' - paternal grandmother
+
*'''appartenenza religiosa''' - religious affiliation  
*'''avere''' - to have
+
*'''appartienev''' - pertains  
*'''avi''' - ancestors
+
*'''appena''' - as soon as  
*'''avo''' - ancestor
+
*'''apprendista''' - apprentice  
*'''avo materno''' - maternal grandfather
+
*'''appresso''' - after, the next  
*'''avo paterno''' - paternal grandfather
+
*'''aprile''' - April  
*'''avoro, -a''' - grandfather (grandmother)
+
*'''araldica''' - heraldry  
 +
*'''aratore''' - plowman  
 +
*'''archivi''' - archives  
 +
*'''archivi di stato''' - state archives  
 +
*'''arrivo''' - arrival, immigration  
 +
*'''artefice''' - maker  
 +
*'''ascesso''' - abscess  
 +
*'''asma''' - asthma  
 +
*'''assessore comunale''' - alderman  
 +
*'''attacco''' - seizure  
 +
*'''attesa''' - awaiting  
 +
*'''atti diversi''' - miscellaneous records  
 +
*'''atto di matrimonio''' - marriage certificate  
 +
*'''atto di morte''' - death certificate  
 +
*'''atto di nascita''' - birth certificate  
 +
*'''austriaco''' - Austrian  
 +
*'''ava materna''' - maternal grandmother  
 +
*'''avanti di''' - before  
 +
*'''ava paterna''' - paternal grandmother  
 +
*'''avere''' - to have  
 +
*'''avi''' - ancestors  
 +
*'''avo''' - ancestor  
 +
*'''avo materno''' - maternal grandfather  
 +
*'''avo paterno''' - paternal grandfather  
 +
*'''avoro, -a''' - grandfather (grandmother)  
 
*'''avvocato''' - lawyer
 
*'''avvocato''' - lawyer
  
== B ==
+
== B ==
*'''babbo''' - father
+
 
*'''bambina illegittima''' - illegitimate girl
+
*'''babbo''' - father  
*'''bambini''' - children
+
*'''bambina illegittima''' - illegitimate girl  
*'''bambino, -a''' - child, baby
+
*'''bambini''' - children  
*'''bambino illegittimo''' - illegitimate boy
+
*'''bambino, -a''' - child, baby  
*'''banchiere''' - banker
+
*'''bambino illegittimo''' - illegitimate boy  
*'''bandi di matrimonio''' - marriage banns, notices
+
*'''banchiere''' - banker  
*'''barbiere''' - barber
+
*'''bandi di matrimonio''' - marriage banns, notices  
*'''barca, fabbricatore di''' - boat maker
+
*'''barbiere''' - barber  
*'''barcaiolo''' - boatman
+
*'''barca, fabbricatore di''' - boat maker  
*'''barilaio''' - cooper, barrel maker
+
*'''barcaiolo''' - boatman  
*'''barista''' - bartender
+
*'''barilaio''' - cooper, barrel maker  
*'''barone''' - baron
+
*'''barista''' - bartender  
*'''basso''' - low
+
*'''barone''' - baron  
*'''bastardo, -a''' - illegitimate child
+
*'''basso''' - low  
*'''battesimale''' - baptismal
+
*'''bastardo, -a''' - illegitimate child  
*'''battesimo''' - baptism
+
*'''battesimale''' - baptismal  
*'''battezzare''' - baptize
+
*'''battesimo''' - baptism  
*'''battezzarono they''' - baptized
+
*'''battezzare''' - baptize  
*'''battezzato, -a''' - baptized
+
*'''battezzarono they''' - baptized  
*'''battezzo''' - baptized
+
*'''battezzato, -a''' - baptized  
*'''beccaio''' - butcher
+
*'''battezzo''' - baptized  
*'''beccamorti''' - grave digger
+
*'''beccaio''' - butcher  
*'''becchino''' - grave digger
+
*'''beccamorti''' - grave digger  
*'''benché''' - although
+
*'''becchino''' - grave digger  
*'''benestante''' - wealthy person
+
*'''benché''' - although  
*'''beni immobili''' - real property, real estate
+
*'''benestante''' - wealthy person  
*'''beni stabili''' - real property, real estate
+
*'''beni immobili''' - real property, real estate  
*'''bettoliere''' - tavern keeper
+
*'''beni stabili''' - real property, real estate  
*'''bianco''' - white
+
*'''bettoliere''' - tavern keeper  
*'''biblioteche''' - libraries
+
*'''bianco''' - white  
*'''bidello''' - janitor
+
*'''biblioteche''' - libraries  
*'''bifolco''' - plowman
+
*'''bidello''' - janitor  
*'''biografia''' - biography
+
*'''bifolco''' - plowman  
*'''birraio''' - barkeeper, brewer
+
*'''biografia''' - biography  
*'''bisavo, -a''' - great-grandfather (greatgrandmother)
+
*'''birraio''' - barkeeper, brewer  
*'''bisavolo, -a''' - great-grandfather (greatgrandmother)
+
*'''bisavo, -a''' - great-grandfather (greatgrandmother)  
*'''bis-bisnonno''' - second great-grandfather
+
*'''bisavolo, -a''' - great-grandfather (greatgrandmother)  
*'''bisnonna''' - great-grandmother
+
*'''bis-bisnonno''' - second great-grandfather  
*'''bisnonno''' - great-grandfather
+
*'''bisnonna''' - great-grandmother  
*'''boaro''' - cattle hand
+
*'''bisnonno''' - great-grandfather  
*'''borghese''' - burgher, citizen
+
*'''boaro''' - cattle hand  
*'''bottaio''' - cooper, barrel maker
+
*'''borghese''' - burgher, citizen  
*'''bottegaio''' - shopkeeper
+
*'''bottaio''' - cooper, barrel maker  
*'''bovaro''' - cattle driver
+
*'''bottegaio''' - shopkeeper  
*'''bracciale''' - laborer
+
*'''bovaro''' - cattle driver  
*'''bracciante''' - farm laborer
+
*'''bracciale''' - laborer  
*'''bucataia''' - washwoman
+
*'''bracciante''' - farm laborer  
*'''buio''' - dark
+
*'''bucataia''' - washwoman  
*'''buono, -a''' - good
+
*'''buio''' - dark  
 +
*'''buono, -a''' - good  
 
*'''burraio''' - dairyman
 
*'''burraio''' - dairyman
  
== C ==
+
== C ==
*'''cacciatore''' - hunter
+
 
*'''caduto''' - fallen
+
<span id="1346187500140S" style="display: none;">&nbsp;</span>
*'''cafone''' - peasant
+
 
*'''calderaio''' - tinker
+
*'''cacciatore''' - hunter  
*'''calzolaio''' - shoemaker
+
*'''caduto''' - fallen  
*'''cameriera''' - maid, servant girl
+
*'''cafone''' - peasant  
*'''cameriere''' - waiter
+
*'''calderaio''' - tinker  
*'''cameriere di casa''' - house steward
+
*'''calzolaio''' - shoemaker  
*'''campagna''' - countryside, rural
+
*'''cameriera''' - maid, servant girl  
*'''campagnuolo, -a''' - countryman, countrywoman
+
*'''cameriere''' - waiter  
*'''cancro''' - cancer
+
*'''cameriere di casa''' - house steward  
*'''cantante''' - singer (male)
+
*'''campagna''' - countryside, rural  
*'''cantatrice''' - singer (female)
+
*'''campagnuolo, -a''' - countryman, countrywoman  
*'''capofamiglia''' - family head
+
*'''cancro''' - cancer  
*'''capostipite ''' -family founder, earliest ancestor
+
*'''cantante''' - singer (male)  
*'''cappellaio''' - hatter
+
*'''cantatrice''' - singer (female)  
*'''carabiniere''' - policeman
+
*'''capofamiglia''' - family head  
*'''carbonaio''' - coal dealer
+
*'''capostipite ''' -family founder, earliest ancestor  
*'''carraio''' - wheelwright
+
*'''cappellaio''' - hatter  
*'''carte''' - maps, charts
+
*'''carabiniere''' - policeman  
*'''casa''' - house
+
*'''carbonaio''' - coal dealer  
*'''casaro''' - dairy farmer
+
*'''carraio''' - wheelwright  
*'''cassa''' - chest, cash, cashier
+
*'''carte''' - maps, charts  
*'''cassetta''' - chest
+
*'''casa''' - house  
*'''castaldo''' - land agent
+
*'''casaro''' - dairy farmer  
*'''castello''' - castle
+
*'''cassa''' - chest, cash, cashier  
*'''catasto''' - land register
+
*'''cassetta''' - chest  
*'''cattolico, -a''' - Roman Catholic
+
*'''castaldo''' - land agent  
*'''cavaliere''' - knight
+
*'''castello''' - castle  
*'''ce''' - us
+
*'''catasto''' - land register  
*'''celebrare il matrimonio''' - solemnize a marriage
+
*'''cattolico, -a''' - Roman Catholic  
*'''celibe''' - bachelor, bachelorette, single, unmarried
+
*'''cavaliere''' - knight  
*'''censimento''' - census
+
*'''ce''' - us  
*'''centesimo, -a''' - hundredth
+
*'''celebrare il matrimonio''' - solemnize a marriage  
*'''cento''' - hundred
+
*'''celibe''' - bachelor, bachelorette, single, unmarried  
*'''certificato''' - certificate
+
*'''censimento''' - census  
*'''certifichiamo''' - we certify
+
*'''centesimo, -a''' - hundredth  
* cfr. = '''confronta''' - compare
+
*'''cento''' - hundred  
*'''che''' - which, than, what, who, that, whom
+
*'''certificato''' - certificate  
*'''chi''' - who, whom
+
*'''certifichiamo''' - we certify  
*'''chiesa''' - church
+
*cfr. = '''confronta''' - compare  
*'''chiesa ortodossa''' - Greek Catholic
+
*'''che''' - which, than, what, who, that, whom  
*'''chilometro''' - kilometer
+
*'''chi''' - who, whom  
*'''chimico''' - chemist
+
*'''chiesa''' - church  
*'''chirurgo''' - surgeon
+
*'''chiesa ortodossa''' - Greek Catholic  
*'''chiunque''' - whoever
+
*'''chilometro''' - kilometer  
*'''ci''' - there, us, to us
+
*'''chimico''' - chemist  
*'''ciabattino''' - cobbler
+
*'''chirurgo''' - surgeon  
*'''cimitero''' - cemetery
+
*'''chiunque''' - whoever  
*'''cinquanta''' - fifty
+
*'''ci''' - there, us, to us  
*'''cinquantesimo, -a''' - fiftieth
+
*'''ciabattino''' - cobbler  
*'''cinque''' - five
+
*'''cimitero''' - cemetery  
*'''ciò''' - that
+
*'''cinquanta''' - fifty  
*'''cioè''' - that is, namely
+
*'''cinquantesimo, -a''' - fiftieth  
*'''circa''' - about, approximately
+
*'''cinque''' - five  
*'''città''' - city, town
+
*'''ciò''' - that  
*'''cittadinanze''' - citizenship
+
*'''cioè''' - that is, namely  
*'''cittadino, -a''' - citizen
+
*'''circa''' - about, approximately  
*'''cocchiere''' - coachman
+
*'''città''' - city, town  
*'''cognato, -a''' - brother-in-law, sister-in-law
+
*'''cittadinanze''' - citizenship  
*'''cognome, -i''' - surname(s)
+
*'''cittadino, -a''' - citizen  
*'''col consenso''' - with the consent
+
*'''c. m.&nbsp;-''' [corrente mese] current month
*'''colera''' - cholera
+
*'''cocchiere''' - coachman  
*'''collina''' - hill
+
*'''cognato, -a''' - brother-in-law, sister-in-law  
*'''colono''' - farmer, colonist
+
*'''cognome, -i''' - surname(s)  
*'''coltivatore''' - cultivator, farmer
+
*'''col consenso''' - with the consent  
*'''come''' - as, like, how
+
*'''colera''' - cholera  
*'''come sopra''' - as above
+
*'''collina''' - hill  
*'''commerciante di vino''' - wine merchant
+
*'''colono''' - farmer, colonist  
*'''commissionario''' - broker
+
*'''coltivatore''' - cultivator, farmer  
*'''compenso''' - fee
+
*'''come''' - as, like, how  
*'''comprare''' - to buy
+
*'''come sopra''' - as above  
*'''comune''' - municipality
+
*'''commerciante di vino''' - wine merchant  
*'''comunione''' - communion
+
*'''commissionario''' - broker  
*'''comunità''' - community, township
+
*'''compenso''' - fee  
*'''con''' - with
+
*'''comprare''' - to buy  
*'''conciatore''' - tanner
+
*'''comune''' - municipality  
*'''concubina''' - concubine
+
*'''comunione''' - communion  
*'''condizione''' - status, condition
+
*'''comunità''' - community, township  
*'''conducente''' - driver
+
*'''con''' - with  
*'''confermazione''' - confirmation
+
*'''conciatore''' - tanner  
*'''confettiere''' - confectioner
+
*'''concubina''' - concubine  
*'''congiunto''' - related
+
*'''condizione''' - status, condition  
*'''coniugati''' - married
+
*'''conducente''' - driver  
*'''coniugi''' - married couple
+
*'''confermazione''' - confirmation  
*'''connessione''' - relationship
+
*'''confettiere''' - confectioner  
*'''consenso''' - consent
+
*'''congiunto''' - related  
*'''conservato''' - preserved
+
*'''coniugati''' - married  
*'''consigliere''' - counselor
+
*'''coniugi''' - married couple  
*'''contabile''' - accountant
+
*'''connessione''' - relationship  
*'''contadino, -a''' - farm laborer, peasant
+
*'''consenso''' - consent  
*'''conte''' - count, earl
+
*'''conservato''' - preserved  
*'''contea''' - county
+
*'''consigliere''' - counselor  
*'''conto''' - account, bill
+
*'''contabile''' - accountant  
*'''contrada''' - town quarter
+
*'''contadino, -a''' - farm laborer, peasant  
*'''contratto di matrimonio''' - marriage contract
+
*'''conte''' - count, earl  
*'''contro''' - against
+
*'''contea''' - county  
*'''conversione''' - conversion
+
*'''conto''' - account, bill  
*'''convulsione,-i''' - convulsion(s)
+
*'''contrada''' - town quarter  
*'''copie civili di registri parrocchiali''' - parish register transcripts
+
*'''contratto di matrimonio''' - marriage contract  
*'''cordaio''' - rope maker
+
*'''contro''' - against  
*'''corrente''' - current
+
*'''<span id="1346187498141S" style="display: none;">&nbsp;</span>conversione''' - conversion  
*'''corriere''' - courier
+
*'''convivente '''- cohabitant
*'''corte''' - court
+
*'''convulsione,-i''' - convulsion(s)  
*'''così''' - thus, so
+
*'''copie civili di registri parrocchiali''' - parish register transcripts<span id="1346187498270E" style="display: none;">&nbsp;</span>
*'''costruttore''' - builder
+
*'''cordaio''' - rope maker  
*'''cresima''' - confirmation
+
*'''corrente''' - current  
*'''cresimato, -i''' - confirmee(s)
+
*'''corriere''' - courier  
*'''cristiano, -a''' - Christian (or Catholic)
+
*'''corte''' - court  
*'''croato''' - Croat
+
*'''così''' - thus, so  
*'''cucitrice''' - seamstress
+
*'''costruttore''' - builder  
*'''cugino, -a''' - cousin
+
*'''cresima''' - confirmation  
*'''cuoco''' - cook
+
*'''cresimato, -i''' - confirmee(s)  
 +
*'''cristiano, -a''' - Christian (or Catholic)  
 +
*'''croato''' - Croat  
 +
*'''cucitrice''' - seamstress  
 +
*'''cugino, -a''' - cousin  
 +
*'''cuoco''' - cook  
 
*'''cuore''' - heart
 
*'''cuore''' - heart
  
== D ==
+
== D ==
* d. = '''don''' - respectful male title
+
 
*'''da''' - from, of
+
*d. = '''don''' - respectful male title  
*'''dagli''' - from the (plural)
+
*'''da''' - from, of  
*'''dal''' - from the
+
*'''dagli''' - from the (plural)  
*'''dalla''' - from the
+
*'''dal''' - from the  
*'''dalle''' - from the (plural)
+
*'''dalla''' - from the  
*'''dallo''' - from the
+
*'''dalle''' - from the (plural)  
*'''danaro''' - money
+
*'''dallo''' - from the  
*'''data''' - date
+
*'''danaro''' - money  
*'''debolezza della vecchiaia''' - weakness of old age
+
*'''data''' - date  
*'''decennale''' - decennial
+
*'''debolezza della vecchiaia''' - weakness of old age  
*'''decennio''' - decade
+
*'''decennale''' - decennial  
*'''decesso, -a''' - deceased, late
+
*'''decennio''' - decade  
*'''decimo, -a''' - tenth
+
*'''decesso, -a''' - deceased, late  
*'''defunto, -a''' - deceased person
+
*'''decimo, -a''' - tenth  
*'''degli''' - of the
+
*'''defunto, -a''' - deceased person  
*'''degno''' - worthy
+
*'''degli''' - of the  
*'''dei''' - of the, from the (plural)
+
*'''degno''' - worthy  
*'''del''' - of the
+
*'''dei''' - of the, from the (plural)  
*'''della''' - of the
+
*'''del''' - of the  
*'''delle''' - of the (plural), some
+
*'''della''' - of the  
*'''dello''' - of the
+
*'''delle''' - of the (plural), some  
*'''del mese di''' - of the month of
+
*'''dello''' - of the  
*'''denaro''' - money
+
*'''del mese di''' - of the month of  
*'''dentizione''' - teething
+
*'''denaro''' - money  
*'''descrizione''' - description
+
*'''dentizione''' - teething  
*'''destra''' - right (direction)
+
*'''descrizione''' - description  
*'''d’età di''' - of the age of
+
*'''destra''' - right (direction)  
*'''detto''' - said, alias, also known as
+
*'''d’età di''' - of the age of  
*'''di''' - of, about, concerning
+
*'''detto''' - said, alias, also known as  
*'''di anni''' - age
+
*'''di''' - of, about, concerning  
*'''diarrea''' - diarrhea
+
*'''di anni''' - age  
*'''di buon’ora''' - early (A.M.)
+
*'''diarrea''' - diarrhea  
*'''dicembre''' - December
+
*'''di buon’ora''' - early (A.M.)  
*'''dichiarante''' - informant
+
*'''dicembre''' - December  
*'''dichiarare''' - to declare
+
*'''dichiarante''' - informant  
*'''dichiarato che''' - declared that
+
*'''dichiarare''' - to declare  
*'''dichiarazione''' - declaration
+
*'''dichiarato che''' - declared that  
*'''diciannove''' - nineteen
+
*'''dichiarazione''' - declaration  
*'''diciannovesimo, -a''' - nineteenth
+
*'''diciannove''' - nineteen  
*'''diciassette''' - seventeen
+
*'''diciannovesimo, -a''' - nineteenth  
*'''diciassettesimo, -a''' - seventeenth
+
*'''diciassette''' - seventeen  
*'''diciottesimo, -a''' - eighteenth
+
*'''diciassettesimo, -a''' - seventeenth  
*'''diciotto''' - eighteen
+
*'''diciottesimo, -a''' - eighteenth  
*'''dieci''' - ten
+
*'''diciotto''' - eighteen  
*'''dietro''' - behind
+
*'''dieci''' - ten  
*'''dietro scritto''' - after signed
+
*'''dietro''' - behind  
*'''difterite''' - diphtheria
+
*'''dietro scritto''' - after signed  
*'''di ieri''' - yesterday’s
+
*'''difterite''' - diphtheria  
*'''di mattina''' - in the morning
+
*'''di ieri''' - yesterday’s  
*'''diocesi''' - diocese
+
*'''di mattina''' - in the morning  
*'''di pomeriggio''' - in the afternoon
+
*'''diocesi''' - diocese  
*'''discendente''' - descendant
+
*'''di pomeriggio''' - in the afternoon  
*'''di sera''' - in the evening
+
*'''discendente''' - descendant  
*'''disopra''' - above
+
*'''di sera''' - in the evening  
*'''di sotto''' - below
+
*'''disopra''' - above  
*'''dispensa di''' - matrimonio marriage license
+
*'''di sotto''' - below  
*'''disposto''' - disposed
+
*'''dispensa di matrimonio''' - marriage license  
*'''dissenteria''' - dysentery
+
*'''disposto''' - disposed  
*'''disteso''' - extended
+
*'''dissenteria''' - dysentery  
*'''distretto di''' - district of
+
*'''disteso''' - extended  
*'''diventare''' - become
+
*'''distretto di''' - district of  
*'''diversi''' - miscellaneous
+
*'''diventare''' - become  
*'''divorziare''' - divorce (verb)
+
*'''diversi''' - miscellaneous  
*'''divorzio''' - divorce (noun)
+
*'''divorziare''' - divorce (verb)  
*'''dizionari geografici''' - gazetteers
+
*'''divorzio''' - divorce (noun)  
*'''dizionario''' - dictionary
+
*'''dizionari geografici''' - gazetteers  
*'''documenti''' - records
+
*'''dizionario''' - dictionary  
*'''documenti d’emigrazione''' - emigration records
+
*'''documenti''' - records  
*'''documento''' - record
+
*'''documenti d’emigrazione''' - emigration records  
*'''dodicesimo, -a''' - twelfth
+
*'''documento''' - record  
*'''dodici''' - twelve
+
*'''dodicesimo, -a''' - twelfth  
*'''doganiere, doganieri''' - customs officer(s)
+
*'''dodici''' - twelve  
*'''domani''' - tomorrow
+
*'''doganiere, doganieri''' - customs officer(s)  
*'''domenica''' - Sunday
+
*'''domani''' - tomorrow  
*'''domestica''' - housekeeper
+
*'''domenica''' - Sunday  
*'''domiciliato''' - residing
+
*'''domestica''' - housekeeper  
*'''don''' - respectful man’s title
+
*'''domiciliato''' - residing  
*'''donazione''' - donation
+
*'''don''' - respectful man’s title  
*'''donna''' - respectful woman’s title
+
*'''donazione''' - donation  
*'''donna di casa''' - housewife
+
*'''donna''' - respectful woman’s title  
*'''dono''' - donation, gift
+
*'''donna di casa''' - housewife  
*'''dopo''' - after
+
*'''dono''' - donation, gift  
*'''dopodomani''' - day after tomorrow
+
*'''dopo''' - after  
*'''doppio''' - duplicate record
+
*'''dopodomani''' - day after tomorrow  
*'''dottore''' - doctor
+
*'''doppio''' - duplicate record  
*'''dove''' - where
+
*'''dottore''' - doctor  
*'''dov’è?''' - where is?
+
*'''dove''' - where  
*'''droghiere''' - druggist, grocer
+
*'''dov’è?''' - where is?  
*'''duca''' - duke
+
*'''droghiere''' - druggist, grocer  
*'''ducato''' - duchy
+
*'''duca''' - duke  
*'''duchessa''' - duchess
+
*'''ducato''' - duchy  
*'''due''' - two
+
*'''duchessa''' - duchess  
*'''duecentesimo, -a''' - two hundredth
+
*'''due''' - two  
*'''duecento''' - two hundred
+
*'''duecentesimo, -a''' - two hundredth  
*'''dunque''' - therefore
+
*'''duecento''' - two hundred  
*'''duplicato''' - duplicate record
+
*'''dunque''' - therefore  
 +
*'''duplicato''' - duplicate record  
 
*'''durante''' - during
 
*'''durante''' - during
  
== E ==
+
== E ==
*'''e, ed''' - and
+
 
*'''è''' - is
+
*'''e, ed''' - and  
*'''ebanista''' - cabinetmaker
+
*'''è''' - is  
*'''ebreo, -a''' - Jew, Jewess, Jewish
+
*'''ebanista''' - cabinetmaker  
*'''eccetto''' - except
+
*'''ebreo, -a''' - Jew, Jewess, Jewish  
*'''ecco''' - here is, here are, there is, there are
+
*'''eccetto''' - except  
*'''è comparso, -a''' - appeared
+
*'''ecco''' - here is, here are, there is, there are  
*'''ed, e''' - and
+
*'''è comparso, -a''' - appeared  
*'''egli''' - he
+
*'''ed, e''' - and  
*'''elenco''' - list, directory
+
*'''egli''' - he  
*'''elenco dei membri''' - membership list
+
*'''elenco''' - list, directory  
*'''ella''' - she
+
*'''elenco dei membri''' - membership list  
*'''ella stessa''' - herself
+
*'''ella''' - she  
*'''emigrante''' - emigrant
+
*'''ella stessa''' - herself  
*'''emigrazione''' - emigration
+
*'''emigrante''' - emigrant  
*'''è morto''' - died
+
*'''emigrazione''' - emigration  
*'''è nato''' - was born
+
*'''è morto''' - died  
*'''enfiagione''' - swelling
+
*'''è nato''' - was born  
*ép. = '''é sposato''' - married
+
*'''enfiagione''' - swelling  
*'''epilessia''' - epilepsy
+
*ép. = '''é sposato''' - married  
*'''eppure''' - yet, nevertheless
+
*'''epilessia''' - epilepsy  
*'''erbivendolo''' - green grocer
+
*'''eppure''' - yet, nevertheless  
*'''eseguito, -a''' - executed (a marriage)
+
*'''erbivendolo''' - green grocer  
*'''essa''' - she, it, her, this, that
+
*'''eseguito, -a''' - executed (a marriage)  
*'''esse''' - they, them
+
*'''essa''' - she, it, her, this, that  
*'''essendo''' - being, acting as
+
*'''esse''' - they, them  
*'''essere''' - to be
+
*'''essendo''' - being, acting as  
*'''essi''' - they, them
+
*'''essere''' - to be  
*'''esso''' - it
+
*'''essi''' - they, them  
*'''esso stesso''' - itself
+
*'''esso''' - it  
*'''est''' - east
+
*'''esso stesso''' - itself  
*'''è stato celebrato''' - was celebrated
+
*'''est''' - east  
*'''è stato presentato''' - was presented
+
*'''è stato celebrato''' - was celebrated  
*'''esterno''' - outside
+
*'''è stato presentato''' - was presented  
*'''estratto''' - extract
+
*'''esterno''' - outside  
*'''estrema unzione''' - last rites
+
*'''estratto''' - extract  
*'''età''' - age
+
*'''estrema unzione''' - last rites  
 +
*'''età''' - age  
 
*'''evento''' - event
 
*'''evento''' - event
  
== F ==
+
== F ==
*'''fa''' - ago
+
 
*'''fabbricante''' - manufacturer
+
*'''fa''' - ago  
*'''fabbricante di tessuto''' - cloth maker, draper
+
*'''fabbricante''' - manufacturer  
*'''fabbro''' - smith
+
*'''fabbricante di tessuto''' - cloth maker, draper  
*'''factotum''' - handyman
+
*'''fabbro''' - smith  
*'''falegname''' - joiner, carpenter
+
*'''factotum''' - handyman  
*'''famiglia''' - family
+
*'''falegname''' - joiner, carpenter  
*'''fanciulla''' - maiden, young girl
+
*'''famiglia''' - family  
*'''fanciullo''' - young boy
+
*'''fanciulla''' - maiden, young girl  
*'''fante''' - foot soldier
+
*'''fanciullo''' - young boy  
*'''fatta, -o''' - done, made
+
*'''fante''' - foot soldier  
*'''fattore''' - farmer, creator, maker
+
*'''fatta, -o''' - done, made  
*'''febbraio''' - February
+
*'''fattore''' - farmer, creator, maker  
*'''febbre''' - fever
+
*'''febbraio''' - February  
*'''fede di nascita''' - birth certificate
+
*'''febbre''' - fever  
*'''femmina''' - female
+
*'''fede di nascita''' - birth certificate  
*'''femminile''' - feminine
+
*'''femmina''' - female  
*'''femminino''' - femininity
+
*'''femminile''' - feminine  
*'''ferraio''' - blacksmith
+
*'''femminino''' - femininity  
*'''feudo''' - fief, manor
+
*'''ferraio''' - blacksmith  
*'''fiacchezza''' - weakness
+
*'''feudo''' - fief, manor  
*'''fidanzamento''' - betrothal, engagement to marry
+
*'''fiacchezza''' - weakness  
*'''fidanzarsi''' - to become engaged
+
*'''fidanzamento''' - betrothal, engagement to marry  
*'''fidanzata''' - fiancée (female)
+
*'''fidanzarsi''' - to become engaged  
*'''fidanzato''' - fiancé (male)
+
*'''fidanzata''' - fiancée (female)  
*'''fidanzato''' - betrothed, engaged
+
*'''fidanzato''' - fiancé (male)  
*'''figli''' - children
+
*'''fidanzato''' - betrothed, engaged  
*'''figlia di''' - daughter of
+
*'''figli''' - children  
*'''figliastro, -a''' - stepchild
+
*'''figlia di''' - daughter of  
*'''figlioccio, -a''' - godchild
+
*'''figliastro, -a''' - stepchild  
*'''figlio di''' - son of
+
*'''figlioccio, -a''' - godchild  
*'''filatore''' - spinner
+
*'''figlio di''' - son of  
*'''filatrice''' - spinner
+
*'''filatore''' - spinner  
*'''fioraio''' - florist
+
*'''filatrice''' - spinner  
*'''firma di''' - signature of
+
*'''fioraio''' - florist  
*'''firmato''' - signed
+
*'''firma di''' - signature of  
*'''fittaiolo''' - tenant farmer
+
*'''firmato''' - signed  
*'''fiume''' - river
+
*'''fittaiolo''' - tenant farmer  
*'''foresta''' - forest
+
*'''fiume''' - river  
*'''forestiero''' - foreigner, alien
+
*'''foresta''' - forest  
*'''fornaio''' - baker
+
*'''forestiero''' - foreigner, alien  
*'''forse''' - perhaps, maybe
+
*'''fornaio''' - baker  
*'''fortezza''' - fortress
+
*'''forse''' - perhaps, maybe  
*'''fosse''' - was
+
*'''fortezza''' - fortress  
*'''fra''' - between, among
+
*'''fosse''' - was  
*'''francese''' - French
+
*'''fra''' - between, among  
*'''fratellastro''' - half brother
+
*'''francese''' - French  
*'''fratello''' - brother
+
*'''fratellastro''' - half brother  
*'''frazione''' - hamlet
+
*'''fratello''' - brother  
*'''frontiera''' - border
+
*'''frazione''' - hamlet  
*'''fruttaiolo''' - fruit dealer
+
*'''frontiera''' - border  
*'''fruttivendolo''' - fruit merchant
+
*'''fruttaiolo''' - fruit dealer  
*'''fu''' - late, deceased, was
+
*'''fruttivendolo''' - fruit merchant  
*'''fu battezzato''' - was baptized
+
*'''fu''' - late, deceased, was  
*'''fu cresimato''' - was confirmed
+
*'''fu battezzato''' - was baptized  
*'''funzione di membro''' - membership list
+
*'''fu cresimato''' - was confirmed  
*'''fuori''' - out
+
*'''funzione di membro''' - membership list  
*'''furono''' - were
+
*'''fuori''' - out  
 +
*'''furono''' - were  
 
*'''futuro''' - future
 
*'''futuro''' - future
  
== G ==
+
== G ==
* '''gemelli''' - twins
+
 
* '''gemello, -a''' - twin
+
*'''gemelli''' - twins  
* '''gendarme''' - policeman
+
*'''gemello, -a''' - twin  
* '''genealogia''' - genealogy
+
*'''gendarme''' - policeman  
* '''generato''' - born
+
*'''genealogia''' - genealogy  
* '''genitora, -e''' - mother(s)
+
*'''generato''' - born  
* '''genitore, -i''' - father(s)
+
*'''genitora, -e''' - mother(s)  
* '''genitori''' - fathers or parents
+
*'''genitore, -i''' - father(s)  
* '''genitori ignoti''' - parents unknown
+
*'''genitori''' - fathers or parents  
* '''gennaio''' - January
+
*'''genitori ignoti''' - parents unknown  
* '''gente per bene''' - gentry
+
*'''gennaio''' - January  
* '''già''' - already
+
*'''gente per bene''' - gentry  
* '''giacchè''' - inasmuch as
+
*'''già''' - already  
* '''giammai''' - never
+
*'''giacchè''' - inasmuch as  
* '''giardiniere''' - gardener
+
*'''giammai''' - never  
* '''gioielliere''' - jeweler
+
*'''giardiniere''' - gardener  
* '''giornale''' - newspaper
+
*'''gioielliere''' - jeweler  
* '''giornaliero''' - day laborer
+
*'''giornale''' - newspaper  
* '''giorno''' - day
+
*'''giornaliero''' - day laborer  
* '''giovane''' - young
+
*'''giorno''' - day  
* '''giovedì''' - Thursday
+
*'''giovane''' - young  
* '''gioventù''' - youth
+
*'''giovedì''' - Thursday  
* '''giovinezza''' - youth
+
*'''gioventù''' - youth  
* '''giudaico''' - Jewish
+
*'''giovinezza''' - youth  
* '''giudice''' - judge
+
*'''giudaico''' - Jewish  
* '''giugno''' - June
+
*'''giudice''' - judge  
* '''giurato''' - juror
+
*'''giugno''' - June  
* '''gli, gl’''' - the, to him
+
*'''giurato''' - juror  
* '''gotta''' - gout
+
*'''gli, gl’''' - the, to him  
* '''grande''' - large, great
+
*'''gotta''' - gout  
* '''grosso, grande''' - big, great
+
*'''grande''' - large, great  
* '''guardaboschi''' - forester
+
*'''grosso, grande''' - big, great  
* '''guardia''' - guard
+
*'''guardaboschi''' - forester  
* '''guardiano''' - watchman
+
*'''guardia''' - guard  
 +
*'''guardiano''' - watchman
 +
 
 +
== H  ==
  
== H ==
+
*'''ha''' - (s)he has, you have  
*'''ha''' - (s)he has, you have
+
*'''ha contratto matrimonio''' - has contracted marriage  
*'''ha contratto matrimonio''' - has contracted marriage
+
 
*'''hanno''' - you have, they have
 
*'''hanno''' - you have, they have
  
== I ==
+
== I ==
*'''i, gli, le''' - the (plural)
+
 
*'''idropisia''' - dropsy, edema
+
*'''i, gli, le''' - the (plural)  
*'''ieri''' - yesterday
+
*'''idropisia''' - dropsy, edema  
*'''ignoto''' - unknown
+
*'''ieri''' - yesterday  
*'''il, lo, la''' - the (feminine singular)
+
*'''ignoto''' - unknown  
*'''il deceduto''' - the deceased
+
*'''il, lo, la''' - the (feminine singular)  
*'''il giorno di ieri''' - the previous day
+
*'''il deceduto''' - the deceased  
*'''il giorno prossimo''' - the following day
+
*'''il giorno di ieri''' - the previous day  
*'''illegittimo''' - illegitimate
+
*'''il giorno prossimo''' - the following day  
*'''il loro''' - their (masculine singular)
+
*'''illegittimo''' - illegitimate  
*'''i loro''' - their (masculine plural)
+
*'''il loro''' - their (masculine singular)  
*'''il (la) più vecchio, -a''' - oldest, eldest
+
*'''i loro''' - their (masculine plural)  
*'''il registro di tassa''' - tax ledger
+
*'''il (la) più vecchio, -a''' - oldest, eldest  
*'''imbianchino''' - plasterer
+
*'''il registro di tassa''' - tax ledger  
*'''immigrante''' - immigrant
+
*'''imbianchino''' - plasterer  
*'''immigrazione''' - immigration
+
*'''immigrante''' - immigrant  
*'''imperiale''' - royal, imperial
+
*'''immigrazione''' - immigration  
*'''impero''' - empire
+
*'''imperiale''' - royal, imperial  
*'''impiegato di tribunale''' - court clerk
+
*'''impero''' - empire  
*'''impiegato d’ufficio''' - clerk
+
*'''impiegato di tribunale''' - court clerk  
*'''in''' - in
+
*'''impiegato d’ufficio''' - clerk  
*'''incinta''' - pregnant
+
*'''in''' - in  
*'''incisore''' - engraver
+
*'''incinta''' - pregnant  
*'''indi''' - from there
+
*'''incisore''' - engraver  
*'''indicati''' - indicated
+
*'''indetto''' - held. When used following the Italian word for day or month, it means (the event happened) the same day&nbsp;or month the record was written.
*'''indice''' - index
+
*'''indi''' - from there  
*'''indici decennali''' - ten-year indexes
+
*'''indicati''' - indicated  
*'''indietro''' - behind
+
*'''indice''' - index  
*'''indigente''' - indigent
+
*'''indici decennali''' - ten-year indexes  
*'''inerenza''' - inheritance
+
*'''indietro''' - behind  
*'''infante''' - infant
+
*'''indigente''' - indigent  
*'''ingegnere''' - engineer
+
*'''inerenza''' - inheritance  
*'''inoltre''' - also, besides
+
*'''infante''' - infant  
*'''in questo luogo''' - in this place
+
*'''ingegnere''' - engineer  
*'''in questo posto''' - in this place
+
*'''inoltre''' - also, besides  
*'''inquilino, -a''' - renter
+
*'''in questo luogo''' - in this place  
*'''insieme''' - together
+
*'''in questo posto''' - in this place  
*'''intagliatore''' - wood carver
+
*'''inquilino, -a''' - renter  
*'''interno''' - interior
+
*'''insieme''' - together  
*'''intorno''' - around
+
*'''intagliatore''' - wood carver  
*'''invece''' - instead
+
*'''interno''' - interior  
*'''io''' - I
+
*'''intorno''' - around  
*'''istesso (stesso)''' - same, self
+
*'''invece''' - instead  
*'''italiano, -a''' - Italian
+
*'''io''' - I  
*'''itterizia''' - jaundice
+
*'''istesso (stesso)''' - same, self  
 +
*'''italiano, -a''' - Italian  
 +
*'''itterizia''' - jaundice  
 
*'''ivi''' - there
 
*'''ivi''' - there
  
== L ==
+
== L ==
*'''la''' - the, her, it, you
+
 
*'''là''' - there
+
*'''la''' - the, her, it, you  
*'''la decima, le decime''' - tithing
+
*'''là''' - there  
*'''la loro''' - their (feminine singular)
+
*'''la decima, le decime''' - tithing  
*'''lasciare''' - let, leave, allow
+
*'''la loro''' - their (feminine singular)  
*'''lascito''' - legacy, bequest
+
*'''lasciare''' - let, leave, allow  
*'''lavandaio''' - laundry worker
+
*'''lascito''' - legacy, bequest  
*'''le''' - the, she (plural), to her,them
+
*'''lavandaio''' - laundry worker  
*'''legale''' - legal
+
*'''le''' - the, she (plural), to her,them  
*'''legato''' - legacy, bequest
+
*'''legale''' - legal  
*'''legatore di libro''' - bookbinder
+
*'''legato''' - legacy, bequest  
*'''legge''' - law
+
*'''legatore di libro''' - bookbinder  
*'''legittimo''' - legitimate
+
*'''legge''' - law  
*'''lei''' - her, she, you (polite)
+
*'''legittimo''' - legitimate  
*'''le loro''' - their (feminine plural)
+
*'''lei''' - her, she, you (polite)  
*'''l’età maggiore''' - of legal age
+
*'''le loro''' - their (feminine plural)  
*'''letto di morte''' - deathbed
+
*'''l’età maggiore''' - of legal age  
*'''leva''' - military draft
+
*'''letto di morte''' - deathbed  
*'''levatrice''' - midwife
+
*'''leva''' - military draft  
*'''lì''' - there
+
*'''levatrice''' - midwife  
*'''libero''' - free, unmarried
+
*'''lì''' - there  
*'''libri stirpe''' - lineage books
+
*'''libero''' - free, unmarried  
*'''libro''' - book
+
*'''libri stirpe''' - lineage books  
*'''licenza di matrimonio''' - marriage license
+
*'''libro''' - book  
*'''lo''' - the, him, it
+
*'''licenza di matrimonio''' - marriage license  
*'''località''' - locality
+
*'''lo''' - the, him, it  
*'''loro''' - they, their, theirs, them, you, your
+
*'''località''' - locality  
*'''lo stesso giorno''' - the same day
+
*'''loro''' - they, their, theirs, them, you, your  
*'''l’ufficio parrocchiale''' - parish office
+
*'''lo stesso giorno''' - the same day  
*'''luglio''' - July
+
*'''l’ufficio parrocchiale''' - parish office  
*'''lui''' - he, him
+
*'''luglio''' - July  
*'''lunedì''' - Monday
+
*'''lui''' - he, him  
*'''luogo''' - place (location)
+
*'''lunedì''' - Monday  
 +
*'''luogo''' - place (location)  
 
*'''lustrascarpe''' - bootblack, shoeshine
 
*'''lustrascarpe''' - bootblack, shoeshine
  
== M ==
+
== M ==
*m. = '''matrimonio''' - married
+
 
*'''ma''' - but, however
+
*m. = '''matrimonio''' - married  
*'''macchinista''' - driver, machinist
+
*'''ma''' - but, however  
*'''macellaio''' - butcher
+
*'''macchinista''' - driver, machinist  
*'''madre''' - mother
+
*'''macellaio''' - butcher  
*'''madre ignota''' - mother unknown
+
*'''madre''' - mother  
*'''madrina''' - godmother
+
*'''madre ignota''' - mother unknown  
*'''maestro, -a''' - schoolteacher
+
*'''madrina''' - godmother  
*'''maggio''' - May (month of)
+
*'''maestro, -a''' - schoolteacher  
*'''maggioranza''' - legal age, majority
+
*'''maggio''' - May (month of)  
*'''maggiordomo''' - butler
+
*'''maggioranza''' - legal age, majority  
*'''maggiore''' - eldest
+
*'''maggiordomo''' - butler  
*'''maggiorenne''' - to be of age
+
*'''maggiore''' - eldest  
*'''magistrato''' - judge
+
*'''maggiorenne''' - to be of age  
*'''magnano''' - locksmith
+
*'''magistrato''' - judge  
*'''mai''' - never
+
*'''magnano''' - locksmith  
*'''malattia''' - disease
+
*'''mai''' - never  
*'''mandriano''' - herdsman
+
*'''malattia''' - disease  
*'''manente''' - sharecropper
+
*'''mandriano''' - herdsman  
*'''marina''' - navy
+
*'''manente''' - sharecropper  
*'''marinaio''' - marine, seaman, sailor
+
*'''marina''' - navy  
*'''marito''' - husband
+
*'''marinaio''' - marine, seaman, sailor  
*'''marmista''' - marble cutter
+
*'''marito''' - husband  
*'''martedì''' - Tuesday
+
*'''marmista''' - marble cutter  
*'''marzo''' - March (month of)
+
*'''martedì''' - Tuesday  
*'''maschio''' - male, masculine
+
*'''marzo''' - March (month of)  
*'''massaia''' - housewife
+
*'''maschio''' - male, masculine  
*'''matrigna''' - stepmother
+
*'''massaia''' - housewife  
*'''matrimoni''' - marriages
+
*'''matrigna''' - stepmother  
*'''matrimonio''' - marriage
+
*'''matrimoni''' - marriages  
*'''mattina''' - morning
+
*'''matrimonio''' - marriage  
*'''mattonaio''' - brick maker
+
*'''mattina''' - morning  
*'''me''' - me
+
*'''mattonaio''' - brick maker  
*'''medesimi''' - same, alike, similar
+
*'''me''' - me  
*'''membro''' - member
+
*'''medesimi''' - same, alike, similar  
*'''mendicante''' - beggar
+
*'''membro''' - member  
*'''mendico''' - beggar
+
*'''mendicante''' - beggar  
*'''mensile''' - monthly
+
*'''mendico''' - beggar  
*'''mensuale''' - monthly
+
*'''mensile''' - monthly  
*'''mercante''' - merchant, trader
+
*'''mensuale''' - monthly  
*'''mercato''' - market
+
*'''mercante''' - merchant, trader  
*'''mercoledì''' - Wednesday
+
*'''mercato''' - market  
*'''mese''' - month
+
*'''mercoledì''' - Wednesday  
*'''messaggero''' - courier, messenger
+
*'''mese''' - month  
*'''mestiere''' - trade, occupation
+
*'''messaggero''' - courier, messenger  
*'''mezzanotte''' - midnight
+
*'''mestiere''' - trade, occupation  
*'''mezzodì''' - midday
+
*'''mezzanotte''' - midnight  
*'''mezzogiorno''' - midday
+
*'''mezzodì''' - midday  
*'''mi''' - me, to me
+
*'''mezzogiorno''' - midday  
*'''miei''' - my, mine
+
*'''mi''' - me, to me  
*'''miglio''' - mile
+
*'''miei''' - my, mine  
*'''militare''' - military
+
*'''miglio''' - mile  
*'''mille''' - thousand
+
*'''militare''' - military  
*'''millesimo, -a''' - thousandth
+
*'''mille''' - thousand  
*'''minatore''' - miner
+
*'''millesimo, -a''' - thousandth  
*'''minoranza''' - not of legal age
+
*'''minatore''' - miner  
*'''mio''' - my, mine
+
*'''minoranza''' - not of legal age  
*'''modista''' - milliner, hat seller
+
*'''mio''' - my, mine  
*'''moglie''' - wife
+
*'''modista''' - milliner, hat seller  
*'''montagna''' - mountain
+
*'''moglie''' - wife  
*'''monte''' - mount, mountain
+
*'''montagna''' - mountain  
*'''morbillo''' - measles
+
*'''monte''' - mount, mountain  
*'''morì''' - died
+
*'''morbillo''' - measles  
*'''morì di vecchiaia''' - died of old age
+
*'''morì''' - died  
*'''morire''' - to die
+
*'''morì di vecchiaia''' - died of old age  
*'''morì senza prole''' - died without issue
+
*'''morire''' - to die  
*'''morte, -i''' - death(s)
+
*'''morì senza prole''' - died without issue  
*'''morto, -a''' - dead, died, deceased, late
+
*'''morte, -i''' - death(s)  
*mt. = '''maternità''' - mother
+
*'''morto, -a''' - dead, died, deceased, late  
*'''mugnaio''' - miller
+
*mt. = '''maternità''' - mother  
*'''mulinaro''' - miller
+
*'''mugnaio''' - miller  
*'''mulino''' - mill
+
*'''mulinaro''' - miller  
*'''municipio''' - town hall
+
*'''mulino''' - mill  
 +
*'''municipio''' - town hall  
 
*'''muratore''' - mason
 
*'''muratore''' - mason
  
== N ==
+
== N ==
*n. = '''nato, -a''' - born
+
 
*'''nacque''' - was born
+
*n. = '''nato, -a''' - born  
*'''nascita''' - birth
+
*'''nacque''' - was born  
*'''nata''' - born, maiden name
+
*'''nascita''' - birth  
*'''natamorta''' - stillborn female child
+
*'''nata''' - born, maiden name  
*'''nativo di''' - native of
+
*'''natamorta''' - stillborn female child  
*'''nato, -i''' - born (births)
+
*'''nativo di''' - native of  
*'''nato morto''' - stillborn
+
*'''nato, -i''' - born (births)  
*'''natomorto''' - stillborn male child
+
*'''nato morto''' - stillborn  
*'''nazionalità''' - nationality
+
*'''natomorto''' - stillborn male child  
*'''necroforo''' - sexton
+
*'''nazionalità''' - nationality  
*'''negli''' - in the (plural)
+
*'''necroforo''' - sexton  
*'''negoziante''' - dealer
+
*'''negli''' - in the (plural)  
*'''nei''' - in the (plural)
+
*'''negoziante''' - dealer  
*'''nel''' - in the
+
*'''nei''' - in the (plural)  
*'''nella''' - in the
+
*'''nel''' - in the  
*'''nelle''' - in the (plural)
+
*'''nella''' - in the  
*'''nello''' - in the
+
*'''nelle''' - in the (plural)  
*'''neonato, -a''' - newborn child, baby
+
*'''nello''' - in the  
*'''nero, -a''' - black
+
*'''neonato, -a''' - newborn child, baby  
*'''nessuno''' - no, none, no one, nobody
+
*'''nero, -a''' - black  
*'''niente''' - nothing
+
*'''nessuno''' - no, none, no one, nobody  
*'''nipote''' - nephew, niece, grandchild
+
*'''niente''' - nothing  
*'''nipotina, nipote''' - granddaughter
+
*'''nipote''' - nephew, niece, grandchild  
*'''nipotino, nipote''' - grandson
+
*'''nipotina, nipote''' - granddaughter  
*'''nobile''' - nobleman
+
*'''nipotino, nipote''' - grandson  
*'''nobiltà''' - nobility
+
*'''nobile''' - nobleman  
*'''noi''' - we, us
+
*'''nobiltà''' - nobility  
*'''noi, da''' - by us
+
*'''noi''' - we, us  
*'''nome, -i''' - name(s)
+
*'''noi, da''' - by us  
*'''nome assunto''' - alias, also known as
+
*'''nome, -i''' - name(s)  
*'''nome di battesimo''' - Christian name, given name
+
*'''nome assunto''' - alias, also known as  
*'''nome proprio''' - Christian name, given name
+
*'''nome di battesimo''' - Christian name, given name  
*'''nomi''' - names
+
*'''nome proprio''' - Christian name, given name  
*'''nominare''' - to name
+
*'''nomi''' - names  
*'''nominato''' - named
+
*'''nominare''' - to name  
*'''non''' - not
+
*'''nominato''' - named  
*'''non ancora''' - not yet
+
*'''non''' - not  
*'''nonna''' - grandmother
+
*'''non ancora''' - not yet  
*'''nonni''' - grandparents, ancestors
+
*'''nonna''' - grandmother  
*'''nonno''' - grandfather
+
*'''nonni''' - grandparents, ancestors  
*'''nono, -a''' - ninth
+
*'''nonno''' - grandfather  
*'''nota''' - remark
+
*'''nono, -a''' - ninth  
*'''notaio''' - notary
+
*'''nota''' - remark  
*'''notamento''' - account, notably
+
*'''notaio''' - notary  
*'''notificazioni''' - marriage banns, notices
+
*'''notamento''' - account, notably  
*'''notte''' - night
+
*'''notificazioni''' - marriage banns, notices  
*'''novanta''' - ninety
+
*'''notte''' - night  
*'''novantesimo, -a''' - ninetieth
+
*'''novanta''' - ninety  
*'''nove''' - nine
+
*'''novantesimo, -a''' - ninetieth  
*'''novello''' - new
+
*'''nove''' - nine  
*'''novembre''' - November
+
*'''novello''' - new  
*'''nozze''' - wedding
+
*'''novembre''' - November  
*'''nubile''' - unmarried woman
+
*'''nozze''' - wedding  
*'''numero''' - number
+
*'''nubile''' - unmarried woman  
*'''nuovo''' - new
+
*'''numero''' - number  
 +
*'''nuovo''' - new  
 
*'''nutrice''' - nurse
 
*'''nutrice''' - nurse
  
== O ==
+
== O ==
*'''o''' - or
+
 
*'''occidentale''' - western
+
*'''o''' - or  
*'''occupazione''' - occupation
+
*'''occidentale''' - western  
*'''odierno''' - today’s
+
*'''occupazione''' - occupation  
*'''oggi''' - today
+
*'''odierno''' - today’s  
*'''ogni''' - each, every
+
*'''oggi''' - today  
*'''oltre''' - in addition
+
*'''ogni''' - each, every  
*'''onde''' - from where
+
*'''oltre''' - in addition  
*'''onesto''' - honest
+
*'''onde''' - from where  
*'''operaio''' - laborer
+
*'''onesto''' - honest  
*'''operaio avventizio''' - journeyman
+
*'''operaio''' - laborer  
*'''oppure''' - or, otherwise
+
*'''operaio avventizio''' - journeyman  
*'''ora''' - hour
+
*'''oppure''' - or, otherwise  
*'''orciolaio''' - potter
+
*'''ora''' - hour  
*'''orefice''' - goldsmith
+
*'''orciolaio''' - potter  
*'''orfano, -a''' - orphan
+
*'''orefice''' - goldsmith  
*'''orientale''' - eastern
+
*'''orfano, -a''' - orphan  
*'''orologiaio''' - watchmaker
+
*'''orientale''' - eastern  
*'''oste''' - innkeeper, wine store keeper
+
*'''orologiaio''' - watchmaker  
*'''ostetrico, -a''' - obstetrician, midwife
+
*'''oste''' - innkeeper, wine store keeper  
*'''ottanta''' - eighty
+
*'''ostetrico, -a''' - obstetrician, midwife  
*'''ottantesimo, -a''' - eightieth
+
*'''ottanta''' - eighty  
*'''ottavo, -a''' - eighth
+
*'''ottantesimo, -a''' - eightieth  
*'''otto''' - eight
+
*'''ottavo, -a''' - eighth  
*'''ottobre''' - October
+
*'''otto''' - eight  
 +
*'''ottobre''' - October  
 
*'''ovest''' - west
 
*'''ovest''' - west
  
== P ==
+
== P ==
*'''padre, -i''' - father(s)
+
*'''padre ignoto''' - father unknown
+
*'''padrini''' - godparents
+
*'''padrino''' - godfather
+
*'''padrone''' - landlord
+
*'''paesano''' - peasant
+
*'''paese''' - country, village, state
+
*pag. = '''pagina''' - page
+
*'''pagina''' - page
+
*'''parente''' - relative
+
*'''parrocchia''' - parish
+
*'''parroco''' - priest
+
*'''parziali''' - partial
+
*'''passaporto''' - passport
+
*'''passato''' - past
+
*'''pastaio''' - pasta maker
+
*'''pasticciere''' - pastry maker
+
*'''pastore''' - minister, pastor, shepherd
+
*'''patria''' - country, town, or place of birth, fatherland
+
*'''patrigno''' - stepfather
+
*'''pecoraio''' - shepherd
+
*'''pensionato, -a''' - formerly employed, retired
+
*'''per''' - for, through, by
+
*'''per causa di''' - because of, motive, reason
+
<br>perchè why<br>periodici periodicals<br>periodo period of time<br>permesso permission<br>però however<br>pescatore fisher, fisherman<br>pescivendolo fishmonger<br>peste plague<br>piccolo little, small<br>piccolo proprietario small land holder<br>di terra<br>piroscafo ship<br>pittore painter<br>più more<br>più piccolo lesser, smaller<br>più recente more recent, later<br>più vecchio, -a older, elder<br>poi after, then<br>poichè since<br>poliziotto policeman<br>polmonite pneumonia<br>pomeriggio afternoon<br>popolazione population<br>porre place, put, impose<br>portalettere mailman<br>possidente property owner<br>precedente former<br>prefetto prefect<br>prefettura prefecture<br>prenome given name<br>presentato presented<br>presenza di in presence of<br>presto early (A.M.)<br>prete priest, clergyman<br>previo previous, preceding<br>primo, -a first, before<br>primo assessore mayor’s assistant<br>principato principality<br>principe prince<br>principessa princess<br>proavi ancestors<br>pro avo al terzo grado third great-grandfather<br>processetti marriage supplement<br>matrimoniali documents<br>professione profession<br>progenitori ancestors, grandparents<br>proietti foundlings<br>pronipote great-grandchild<br>proprietario landlord<br>prossimo next<br>prostituta whore, prostitute<br>protestante Protestant<br>prova proof<br>provincia province<br>provinciale provincial<br>prozio, -a great-uncle (great-aunt)<br>pt. = paternità father<br>pubblicare publish<br>pubblicazioni publications (marriage<br>banns)<br>pure also<br>puttana prostitute, whore
+
  
== Q ==
+
*'''padre, -i''' - father(s)
*'''qua''' - here
+
*'''padre ignoto''' - father unknown
*'''quale''' - what, which, who
+
*'''padrini''' - godparents
*'''quando''' - when
+
*'''padrino''' - godfather
*'''quaranta''' - forty
+
*'''padrone''' - landlord
*'''quarantesimo, -a''' - fortieth
+
*'''paesano''' - peasant
*'''quarto, -a''' - fourth
+
*'''paese''' - country, village, state
*'''quattordicesimo, -a''' - fourteenth
+
*pag. = '''pagina''' - page
*'''quattordici''' - fourteen
+
*'''pagina''' - page
*'''quattro''' - four
+
*'''parente''' - relative
*'''quei''' - those
+
*'''parrocchia''' - parish
*'''quel''' - that
+
*'''parroco''' - priest
*'''questa, -o''' - this
+
*'''parziali''' - partial
*'''quest’oggi''' - this day
+
*'''passaporto''' - passport
*'''questo luogo''' - this place
+
*'''passato''' - past
*'''questo posto''' - this place
+
*'''pastaio''' - pasta maker
*'''questura''' - police station
+
*'''pasticciere''' - pastry maker
*'''qui''' - in this place
+
*'''pastore''' - minister, pastor, shepherd
*'''quindicesimo, -a''' - fifteenth
+
*'''patria''' - country, town, or place of birth, fatherland
*'''quindici''' - fifteen
+
*'''patrigno''' - stepfather
*'''quinto, -a''' - fifth
+
*'''pecoraio''' - shepherd
 +
*'''pensionato, -a''' - formerly employed, retired
 +
*'''per''' - for, through, by
 +
*'''per causa di''' - because of, motive, reason
 +
*'''perchè''' - why
 +
*'''periodici''' - periodicals
 +
*'''periodo''' - period of time
 +
*'''permesso''' - permission
 +
*'''però''' - however
 +
*'''pescatore''' - fisher, fisherman
 +
*'''pescivendolo''' - fishmonger
 +
*'''peste''' - plague
 +
*'''piccolo''' - little, small
 +
*'''piccolo proprietario di terra''' - small land holder
 +
*'''piroscafo''' - ship
 +
*'''pittore''' - painter
 +
*'''più''' - more
 +
*'''più piccolo''' - lesser, smaller
 +
*'''più recente''' - more recent, later
 +
*'''più vecchio, -a''' - older, elder
 +
*'''poi''' - after, then
 +
*'''poichè''' - since
 +
*'''poliziotto''' - policeman
 +
*'''polmonite''' - pneumonia
 +
*'''pomeriggio''' - afternoon
 +
*'''popolazione''' - population
 +
*'''porre''' - place, put, impose
 +
*'''portalettere''' - mailman
 +
*'''possidente''' - property owner
 +
*'''precedente''' - former
 +
*'''prefetto''' - prefect
 +
*'''prefettura''' - prefecture
 +
*'''prenome''' - given name
 +
*'''presentato''' - presented
 +
*'''presenza di''' - in presence of
 +
*'''presto''' - early (A.M.)
 +
*'''prete''' - priest, clergyman
 +
*'''previo''' - previous, preceding
 +
*'''primo, -a''' - first, before
 +
*'''primo assessore''' - mayor’s assistant
 +
*'''principato''' - principality
 +
*'''principe''' - prince
 +
*'''principessa''' - princess
 +
*'''proavi''' - ancestors
 +
*'''pro avo al terzo grado''' - third great-grandfather
 +
*'''processetti''' - marriage supplement
 +
*'''matrimoniali''' - documents
 +
*'''professione''' - profession
 +
*'''progenitori''' - ancestors, grandparents
 +
*'''proietti''' - foundlings
 +
*'''pronipote''' - great-grandchild
 +
*'''proprietario''' - landlord
 +
*'''prossimo''' - next
 +
*'''prostituta''' - whore, prostitute
 +
*'''protestante''' - Protestant
 +
*'''prova''' - proof
 +
*'''provincia''' - province
 +
*'''provinciale''' - provincial
 +
*'''prozio, -a''' - great-uncle (great-aunt)
 +
*pt. = '''paternità''' - father
 +
*'''pubblicare''' - publish
 +
*'''pubblicazioni''' - publications (marriage banns)
 +
*'''pure''' - also
 +
*'''puttana''' - prostitute, whore
 +
 
 +
== Q ==
 +
 
 +
*'''qua''' - here  
 +
*'''quale''' - what, which, who  
 +
*'''quando''' - when  
 +
*'''quaranta''' - forty  
 +
*'''quarantesimo, -a''' - fortieth  
 +
*'''quarto, -a''' - fourth  
 +
*'''quattordicesimo, -a''' - fourteenth  
 +
*'''quattordici''' - fourteen  
 +
*'''quattro''' - four  
 +
*'''quei''' - those  
 +
*'''quel''' - that  
 +
*'''questa, -o''' - this  
 +
*'''quest’oggi''' - this day  
 +
*'''questo luogo''' - this place  
 +
*'''questo posto''' - this place  
 +
*'''questura''' - police station  
 +
*'''qui''' - in this place  
 +
*'''quindicesimo, -a''' - fifteenth  
 +
*'''quindici''' - fifteen  
 +
*'''quinto, -a''' - fifth  
 
*'''quivi''' - there
 
*'''quivi''' - there
  
== R ==
+
== R ==
*'''rada''' - bay, nautical course
+
*'''ragazzo, -a''' - boy (girl)
+
*'''re''' - king
+
*'''reale''' - royal
+
*'''regina''' - queen
+
*'''regione''' - region
+
*'''registri''' - registers
+
*'''registri matrimoniali''' - marriage records
+
*'''registri parrocchiali''' - parish registers
+
*'''registro''' - register
+
*'''registro parrocchiale''' - parish register
+
*'''regno''' - kingdom
+
*'''relativo, -i''' - relative(s)
+
*'''religione''' - religion
+
*'''restare''' - left, remaining
+
*'''ricerca genealogica''' - genealogical research
+
*'''ricevere''' - received
+
*'''richiesta''' - request
+
*'''richiesto''' - requested
+
*'''ricordo''' - record
+
*'''rimessa''' - removed
+
*'''rimesso''' - submitted
+
*'''ritiro''' - retirement
+
*'''riti ultimi''' - last rites
+
*'''riveli''' - tax lists, declarations
+
*'''rosolia''' - German measles
+
*'''rosso''' - red
+
*'''rubriche''' - directories
+
*'''ruoli matricolari''' -  matriculation rolls
+
  
== S ==
+
*'''rada''' - bay, nautical course
sabato Saturday<br>sacerdote priest<br>salasso bleeding, bloodletting<br>saponaio, -a soap maker<br>sarto, -a tailor, seamstress<br>scapolo bachelor<br>scarlattina scarlet fever<br>scheda d’emigrazione emigration file<br>schedario card index<br>schede index cards<br>scriba scribe<br>scultore sculptor<br>scuola school<br>se if, whether<br>sè himself, herself, itself,<br>oneself, themselves<br>secolo century<br>secondo according to<br>secondo, -a second<br>sedicesimo, -a sixteenth<br>sedici sixteen<br>seguente following<br>sei six<br>sempre still (adverb)<br>senza without<br>sepolto buried<br>sepoltura burial, interment<br>seppellimento burial<br>sera evening<br>serva maid, servant girl<br>servizio service, employment<br>servo, -a servant<br>sessanta sixty<br>sessantesimo, -a sixtieth<br>sesso sex (gender)<br>sesto, -a sixth<br>settanta seventy<br>settantesimo, -a seventieth<br>sette seven<br>settembre September<br>settentrionale northern<br>settimana week<br>settimo, -a seventh<br>sezione section, district<br>si her or himself<br>siccome since, inasmuch<br>sig. = signore Mr.<br>sig.a = signora Mrs.<br>sigaraio cigar maker<br>signora Mrs.<br>Signore Lord<br>signore Mr.<br>signorina Miss<br>sindaco mayor<br>situazione di famiglia family list register<br>situazione patrimoniale estate<br>società societies<br>soffiatore blower<br>soldato soldier<br>solenne solemn<br>solennizzare il solemnization of<br>matrimonio marriage<br>solo, -a only<br>sommario delle materie contents (table of)<br>sono are<br>sono, ci there are<br>sopra over, on, above<br>soprascritto aforewritten<br>sopravvivente surviving, still living<br>sorella sister<br>sorellastra half sister, step sister<br>sotto under, beneath<br>sotto il giorno on the day<br>sottoscritto the undersigned<br>sovente often<br>sp. = sposo, -a spouse<br>spaccalegna woodcutter<br>speditore dispatcher<br>sposa bride, wife<br>sposarsi to marry<br>sposato married<br>sposi husband and wife<br>sposini newlyweds<br>sposo bridegroom<br>staffiere footman, groom<br>stare to be<br>stato state (government)<br>stato civile civil registration<br>stato d’anima parish census<br>stato delle anime censuses<br>stato di famiglia family register<br>stazione termale spa, bath<br>stemma coat of arms<br>stesso same, self<br>stipettaio cabinetmaker<br>stitichezza constipation<br>storia history<br>storico historian<br>straccivendolo rag man<br>strada road, street<br>stradino road maker<br>su on, upon, onto<br>sua his, her, hers, its, your,<br>yours<br>succursale branch, affiliate<br>sud south<br>suddetto aforesaid<br>sugli on the<br>sui on the<br>sul on the<br>sull’ on the<br>sulla on the<br>sullo on the<br>suo his, her, hers, its, your,<br>yours<br>suo his own, its own<br>(reflexive pronoun)<br>suòcera mother-in-law<br>suòcero father-in-law<br>superiore upper<br>svizzero Swiss<br>
+
*'''ragazzo, -a''' - boy (girl)  
 +
*'''re''' - king
 +
*'''reale''' - royal
 +
*'''regina''' - queen
 +
*'''regione''' - region
 +
*'''registri''' - registers
 +
*'''registri matrimoniali''' - marriage records
 +
*'''registri parrocchiali''' - parish registers
 +
*'''registro''' - register
 +
*'''registro parrocchiale''' - parish register  
 +
*'''regno''' - kingdom
 +
*'''relativo, -i''' - relative(s)  
 +
*'''religione''' - religion
 +
*'''restare''' - left, remaining
 +
*'''ricerca genealogica''' - genealogical research
 +
*'''ricevere''' - received
 +
*'''richiesta''' - request
 +
*'''richiesto''' - requested
 +
*'''ricordo''' - record
 +
*'''rimessa''' - removed
 +
*'''rimesso''' - submitted
 +
*'''ritiro''' - retirement
 +
*'''riti ultimi''' - last rites
 +
*'''riveli''' - tax lists, declarations
 +
*'''rosolia''' - German measles
 +
*'''rosso''' - red
 +
*'''rubriche''' - directories
 +
*'''ruoli matricolari''' - matriculation rolls
  
== T ==
+
== ==
tagliapietre stonecutter<br>tagliatore cutter<br>tappezziere upholsterer<br>tardo, -a late (P.M.)<br>tassazione taxation<br>tavole decennali ten-year indexes<br>te you (after a preposition)<br>tedesco German<br>tempi times<br>tempo time<br>temporaneo temporary<br>tenente lieutenant<br>terrazzano peasant<br>terzo, -a third<br>tessitore weaver<br>testamento will (testament)<br>testimonio, -a witness<br>testo text<br>ti you, to you<br>tifoide typhoid<br>tintore dyer<br>tisi consumption,<br>tuberculosis<br>tomo volume<br>tosse cough<br>tosse canina whooping cough<br>tossire cough<br>tra between, among<br>trattore restaurant keeper<br>tre three<br>tredicesimo, -a thirteenth<br>tredici thirteen<br>trenta thirty<br>trentesimo, -a thirtieth<br>trentunesimo, -a thirty-first<br>trentuno thirty-one<br>tribunale court, judicial,<br>courthouse<br>trisavolo second greatgrandfather<br>trovatello foundling<br>tu, voi you<br>tumore tumor<br>tutore guardian<br>tuttavia nevertheless<br>tutto all, everything
+
  
== U ==
+
*'''sabato''' - Saturday
*'''ubriacone''' - drunkard
+
*'''sacerdote''' - priest
*'''ucciso''' - killed
+
*'''salasso''' - bleeding, bloodletting
*'''uditore''' - auditor
+
*'''saponaio, -a''' - soap maker
*'''ufficiale''' - official (of)
+
*'''sarto, -a''' - tailor, seamstress
*'''ufficiale del comune''' - village official
+
*'''scapolo''' - bachelor
*'''ufficiale dello stato''' - registrar<br>civile
+
*'''scarlattina''' - scarlet fever
*'''ufficio''' - office
+
*'''scheda d’emigrazione''' - emigration file
*'''ultimo testamento''' - last will
+
*'''schedario''' - card index
*'''un (una)''' - a, an
+
*'''schede''' - index cards
*'''undicesimo, -a''' - eleventh
+
*'''scriba''' - scribe
*'''undici''' - eleven
+
*'''scultore''' - sculptor
*'''unirsi in matrimonio''' - to marry
+
*'''scuola''' - school
*'''uno, -a''' - one
+
*'''se''' - if, whether
 +
*'''sè''' - himself, herself, itself, oneself, themselves
 +
*'''secolo''' - century
 +
*'''secondo''' - according to
 +
*'''secondo, -a''' - second
 +
*'''sedicesimo, -a''' - sixteenth
 +
*'''sedici''' - sixteen
 +
*'''seguente''' - following
 +
*'''sei''' - six
 +
*'''sempre''' - still (adverb)
 +
*'''senza''' - without
 +
*'''sepolto''' - buried
 +
*'''sepoltura''' - burial, interment
 +
*'''seppellimento''' - burial
 +
*'''sera''' - evening
 +
*'''serva''' - maid, servant girl
 +
*'''servizio''' - service, employment
 +
*'''servo, -a''' - servant
 +
*'''sessanta''' - sixty
 +
*'''sessantesimo, -a''' - sixtieth
 +
*'''sesso''' - sex (gender)
 +
*'''sesto, -a''' - sixth
 +
*'''settanta''' - seventy
 +
*'''settantesimo, -a''' - seventieth
 +
*'''sette''' - seven
 +
*'''settembre''' - September
 +
*'''settentrionale''' - northern
 +
*'''settimana''' - week
 +
*'''settimo, -a''' - seventh
 +
*'''sezione''' - section, district
 +
*'''si''' - her or himself
 +
*'''siccome''' - since, inasmuch
 +
*sig. = '''signore''' - Mr.
 +
*sig.a = '''signora''' - Mrs.
 +
*'''sigaraio''' - cigar maker
 +
*'''signora''' - Mrs.
 +
*'''Signore''' - Lord
 +
*'''signore''' - Mr.
 +
*'''signorina''' - Miss
 +
*'''sindaco''' - mayor
 +
*'''situazione di famiglia''' - family list register
 +
*'''situazione patrimoniale''' - estate
 +
*'''società''' - societies
 +
*'''soffiatore''' - blower
 +
*'''soldato''' - soldier
 +
*'''solenne''' - solemn
 +
*'''solennizzare il matrimonio''' - solemnization of marriage
 +
*'''solo, -a''' - only
 +
*'''sommario delle materie''' - contents (table of)
 +
*'''sono''' - are
 +
*'''sono, ci''' - there are
 +
*'''sopra''' - over, on, above
 +
*'''soprascritto''' - aforewritten
 +
*'''sopravvivente''' - surviving, still living
 +
*'''sorella''' - sister
 +
*'''sorellastra''' - half sister, step sister
 +
*'''sotto''' - under, beneath
 +
*'''sotto il giorno''' - on the day
 +
*'''sottoscritto''' - the undersigned
 +
*'''sovente''' - often
 +
*sp. = '''sposo, -a''' - spouse
 +
*'''spaccalegna''' - woodcutter
 +
*'''speditore''' - dispatcher
 +
*'''sposa''' - bride, wife
 +
*'''sposarsi''' - to marry
 +
*'''sposato''' - married
 +
*'''sposi''' - husband and wife
 +
*'''sposini''' - newlyweds
 +
*'''sposo''' - bridegroom
 +
*'''staffiere''' - footman, groom
 +
*'''stare''' - to be
 +
*'''stato''' - state (government)
 +
*'''stato civile''' - civil registration
 +
*'''stato d’anima''' - parish census
 +
*'''stato delle anime''' - censuses
 +
*'''stato di famiglia''' - family register
 +
*'''stazione termale''' - spa, bath
 +
*'''stemma''' - coat of arms
 +
*'''stesso''' - same, self
 +
*'''stipettaio''' - cabinetmaker
 +
*'''stitichezza''' - constipation
 +
*'''storia''' - history
 +
*'''storico''' - historian
 +
*'''straccivendolo''' - rag man
 +
*'''strada''' - road, street
 +
*'''stradino''' - road maker
 +
*'''su''' - on, upon, onto
 +
*'''sua''' - his, her, hers, its, your, yours
 +
*'''succursale''' - branch, affiliate
 +
*'''sud''' - south
 +
*'''suddetto''' - aforesaid
 +
*'''sugli''' - on the
 +
*'''sui''' - on the
 +
*'''sul''' - on the
 +
*'''sull’''' - on the
 +
*'''sulla''' - on the
 +
*'''sullo''' - on the
 +
*'''suo''' - his, her, hers, its, your, yours
 +
*'''suo''' - his own, its own (reflexive pronoun)
 +
*'''suòcera''' - mother-in-law
 +
*'''suòcero''' - father-in-law
 +
*'''superiore''' - upper
 +
*'''svizzero''' - Swiss
 +
 
 +
== T  ==
 +
 
 +
*'''tagliapietre''' - stonecutter
 +
*'''tagliatore''' - cutter
 +
*'''tappezziere''' - upholsterer
 +
*'''tardo, -a''' - late (P.M.)
 +
*'''tassazione''' - taxation
 +
*'''tavole decennali''' - ten-year indexes
 +
*'''te''' - you (after a preposition)
 +
*'''tedesco''' - German
 +
*'''tempi''' - times
 +
*'''tempo''' - time
 +
*'''temporaneo''' - temporary
 +
*'''tenente''' - lieutenant
 +
*'''terrazzano''' - peasant
 +
*'''terzo, -a''' - third
 +
*'''tessitore''' - weaver
 +
*'''testamento''' - will (testament)
 +
*'''testimonio, -a''' - witness
 +
*'''testo''' - text
 +
*'''ti''' - you, to you
 +
*'''tifoide''' - typhoid
 +
*'''tintore''' - dyer
 +
*'''tisi''' - consumption, tuberculosis
 +
*'''tomo''' - volume
 +
*'''tosse''' - cough
 +
*'''tosse canina''' - whooping cough
 +
*'''tossire''' - cough
 +
*'''tra''' - between, among
 +
*'''trattore''' - restaurant keeper
 +
*'''tre''' - three
 +
*'''tredicesimo, -a''' - thirteenth
 +
*'''tredici''' - thirteen
 +
*'''trenta''' - thirty
 +
*'''trentesimo, -a''' - thirtieth
 +
*'''trentunesimo, -a''' - thirty-first
 +
*'''trentuno''' - thirty-one
 +
*'''tribunale''' - court, judicial, courthouse
 +
*'''trisavolo''' - second greatgrandfather
 +
*'''trovatello''' - foundling
 +
*'''tu, voi''' - you
 +
*'''tumore''' - tumor
 +
*'''tutore''' - guardian
 +
*'''tuttavia''' - nevertheless
 +
*'''tutto''' - all, everything
 +
 
 +
== U ==
 +
 
 +
*'''ubriacone''' - drunkard  
 +
*'''ucciso''' - killed  
 +
*'''uditore''' - auditor  
 +
*'''ufficiale''' - official (of)  
 +
*'''ufficiale del comune''' - village official  
 +
*'''ufficiale dello stato civile''' - registrar  
 +
*'''ufficio''' - office  
 +
*'''ultimo testamento''' - last will  
 +
*'''un (una)''' - a, an  
 +
*'''undicesimo, -a''' - eleventh  
 +
*'''undici''' - eleven  
 +
*'''unirsi in matrimonio''' - to marry  
 +
*'''uno, -a''' - one  
 
*'''uomo''' - man
 
*'''uomo''' - man
  
== V ==
+
== V ==
vaccaio cowboy<br>vaiolo small pox<br>Valdese Waldensian<br>valle valley<br>vario various<br>vasaio potter<br>vecchio, -a aged, old man (woman)<br>vedere see<br>vedovato widowed<br>vedovo, -a widower, widow<br>venditore seller, vendor<br>venerdì Friday<br>ventesimo, -a twentieth<br>venti twenty<br>venticinque twenty-five<br>venticinquesimo, -a twenty-fifth<br>ventidue twenty-two<br>ventiduesimo, -a twenty-second<br>ventinove twenty-nine<br>ventinovesimo, -a twenty-ninth<br>ventiquattresimo, -a twenty-fourth<br>ventiquattro twenty-four<br>ventisei twenty-six<br>ventiseiesimo, -a twenty-sixth<br>ventisette twenty-seven<br>ventisettesimo, -a twenty-seventh<br>ventitre twenty-three<br>ventitreesimo, -a twenty-third<br>ventottesimo, -a twenty-eighth<br>ventotto twenty-eight<br>ventunesimo, -a twenty-first<br>ventuno twenty-one<br>verde green<br>vergine virgin<br>verso toward<br>vescovo bishop<br>vi there, to it, at it<br>vi, ci you, us<br>via road, street<br>vicinanza neighborhood<br>vicino neighbor<br>vicino a next to, near<br>vigile policeman<br>vignaiolo grape grower<br>villaggio village<br>vita living, alive<br>viticultore grape grower<br>viv. = vivo, vivente flourished, lived<br>vivere to live<br>voi you<br>volontà will (testament)<br>volume volume<br>vostro your, yours
+
 
 +
*'''vaccaio''' - cowboy  
 +
*'''vaiolo''' - small pox  
 +
*'''Valdese''' - Waldensian  
 +
*'''valle''' - valley  
 +
*'''vario''' - various  
 +
*'''vasaio''' - potter  
 +
*'''vecchio, -a''' - aged, old man (woman)  
 +
*'''vedere''' - see  
 +
*'''vedovato''' - widowed  
 +
*'''vedovo, -a''' - widower, widow  
 +
*'''venditore''' - seller, vendor  
 +
*'''venerdì''' - Friday  
 +
*'''ventesimo, -a''' - twentieth  
 +
*'''venti''' - twenty  
 +
*'''venticinque''' - twenty-five  
 +
*'''venticinquesimo, -a''' - twenty-fifth  
 +
*'''ventidue''' - twenty-two  
 +
*'''ventiduesimo, -a''' - twenty-second  
 +
*'''ventinove''' - twenty-nine  
 +
*'''ventinovesimo, -a''' - twenty-ninth  
 +
*'''ventiquattresimo, -a''' - twenty-fourth  
 +
*'''ventiquattro''' - twenty-four  
 +
*'''ventisei''' - twenty-six  
 +
*'''ventiseiesimo, -a''' - twenty-sixth  
 +
*'''ventisette''' - twenty-seven  
 +
*'''ventisettesimo, -a twenty-seventh'''
 +
*'''ventitre twenty-three'''
 +
*'''ventitreesimo, -a twenty-third'''
 +
*'''ventottesimo, -a twenty-eighth'''
 +
*'''ventotto''' - twenty-eight  
 +
*'''ventunesimo, -a''' - twenty-first  
 +
*'''ventuno''' - twenty-one  
 +
*'''verde''' - green  
 +
*'''vergine''' - virgin  
 +
*'''verso''' - toward  
 +
*'''vescovo''' - bishop  
 +
*'''vi''' - there, to it, at it  
 +
*'''vi, ci''' - you, us  
 +
*'''via''' - road, street  
 +
*'''vicinanza''' - neighborhood  
 +
*'''vicino''' - neighbor  
 +
*'''vicino a''' - next to, near  
 +
*'''vigile''' - policeman  
 +
*'''vignaiolo''' - grape grower  
 +
*'''villaggio''' - village  
 +
*'''vita''' - living, alive  
 +
*'''viticultore''' - grape grower  
 +
*viv. = '''vivo, vivente''' flourished, lived  
 +
*'''vivere''' - to live  
 +
*'''voi''' - you  
 +
*'''volontà''' - will (testament)  
 +
*'''volume''' - volume  
 +
*'''vostro''' - your, yours
 +
 
 +
== Z  ==
 +
 
 +
*'''zio, -a''' - uncle, aunt
 +
*'''zitella''' - old maid, spinster
  
== Z ==
+
{{Place|Italy}}
*'''zio, -a''' - uncle, aunt
+
*'''zitella''' - old maid, spinster
+
  
[[Category:Italy]]
+
[[Category:Italy|Genealogical Word List]] [[Category:Word_List]]
[[Category:Word List]]
+

Revision as of 09:18, 23 September 2012

Italy Gotoarrow.png Genealogical Word List

Contents

Genealogical Word List

This list contains Italian words with their English translations. The words included here are those that you are likely to find in genealogical sources. If the word you are looking for is not on this list, please consult an Italian-English dictionary. (See the “Additional Resources” section.)

Italian is a Romance language derived from Latin. Many of the words resemble those of Latin. See Latin Genealogical Word List (34077). Italian is spoken in Italy and the southern part of Switzerland in the cantons of Ticino and Graubünden. Italian is also spoken in Yugoslavia near the border with Trieste. Some of the records of Corsica, Nice, and Savoy were written in Italian before those areas became part of France. Clusters of Italian immigrants in major cities like New York, Chicago, Montreal, Toronto, and Melbourne also speak Italian. Sicilian, Neapolitan, Romanesque, and Venetian are major dialects of Italian, and they use words similar to the words on this list. Several other minor dialects are spoken in the various provinces of Italy.

Language Characteristics

In Italian, the endings of most words vary according to the way the words are used in a sentence. Who— whose—whom or marry—marries—married are examples of words in English with variant forms. This word list gives the most commonly seen form of each Italian word. As you read Italian records, be aware that almost all words vary with usage. Only some variations are explained in this guide.

Gender.

Italian nouns are designated as masculine or feminine. For example, vicinanza (neighborhood) is a feminine word, and villaggio (village) is a masculine word. Generally, nouns ending in !a are feminine, nouns ending !e may be either masculine or feminine, and nouns ending in !o are masculine. Adjectives and articles (a, an, the) will have either masculine or feminine endings for the noun they modify: !a for feminine singular nouns, !o for masculine singular nouns. For example, in Italian you write ava paterna (paternal grandmother) or avo paterno (paternal grandfather).

Plurals.

For nouns ending with !a, the plural is formed by replacing the last letter with !e; for nouns ending in !o or !e, replace the last letter with !i to form the plural. For example, figlia (daughter) becomes figlie (daughters), and padrino (godfather) becomes padrini (godparents). Articles and adjectives take e as the feminine plural ending, and i as the masculine plural ending. Buona figlia becomes buone figlie (good daughters) and buono padrino becomes buoni padrini (good godparents).

Verb tense.

Verbs also vary depending on mood, who is acting, and whether the action is in the past, present, or future. For example, the Italian verb sposare (to marry) could appear with various endings:
Present - Past Tenses
marry married, was married
(she/he) sposa è sposato, fu sposato, sposò
(they) sposano sono sposati, furono sposati, sposarono

Diacritic Marks

The Italian language has several additional letters with diacritic marks: à, è, ì, ò, and ù. These diacritic marks indicate a change in pronunciation, but do not affect alphabetical order. They are more often used in recent documents.

Spelling

Spelling rules were not fixed in earlier centuries when records of our ancestors were written. The k, j, and w are only used in foreign words. The following spelling variations may be found:

  • y or j used for i
  • i used for j

Additional Resources

This word list includes words most commonly found in genealogical sources. For further help, use an Italian- English dictionary. At the Family History Library, the Italian dictionaries are cataloged with the call number 453.21. The following dictionary is also available on microfilm for use in family history centers:

  • Orlandi, Giusseppe. Dizionario Italiano-inglese, Inglese-italiano [Italian-English, English-italian Dictionary]. Milano: Carlo Signorelli, 1957. (FHL film 1181660 item 5.)

Key Words

To find and use specific types of Italian records, you will need to know some key words in Italian. This section gives key genealogical terms in English and the Italian words with the same or similar meanings. For example, in the first column you will find the English word marriage. In the second column you will find Italian words with meanings such as marry, marriage, wedding, wedlock, unite, and other words used in Italian records to indicate marriage.

English - Italian

  • banns - pubblicazioni, notificazioni
  • baptism(s) - battesimo, -i
  • birth(s) - nata, nascita, -e
  • burial(s) - seppellimento, sepolto, sepolture, -i
  • child - neonato, neonata, infante, bambino
  • christening(s) - battesimo, -i
  • confirmation(s) - cresima, -e
  • death(s) - morte, morire, decesso, -i
  • father - padre
  • husband - marito, sposo
  • index - indice
  • marriage(s) - matrimono, sposato, coniugato, maritato, -i
  • month - mese
  • mother - madre
  • name - nome
  • parents - genitori
  • parish - parrocchia
  • surname - cognome
  • wife - sposa, moglie
  • year - anno

General Word List

This general word list includes words commonly seen in genealogical sources. Numbers, months, and days of the week are listed both here and in separate sections that follow this list.

In this list, optional versions of Italian words or variable endings (such as some plural or feminine endings) are given after a hyphen. Parentheses in the English column clarify the definition. In Italian, some words have both a male and female form, such as:

Italian - English

  • neonato - male child
  • neonata - female child

When a word has both a male and female version, this word list gives the feminine ending of words after a hyphen, such as:

Italian - English

  • neonato, -a - male child, female child
  • cognato, -a - brother-in-law, sister-in-law
  • cugino, -a - male cousin, female cousin
  • † = morto, -a - died

Numbers

In some genealogical records, numbers are spelled out. This is especially true with dates. The following list gives the cardinal (for example, 1, 2, 3) and the ordinal (for example, 1st, 2nd, 3rd) versions of each number. Days of the month are usually written in cardinal form. Note that all ordinal numbers are adjectives and will end with; o or a depending on the gender of the word it modifies.

Number / Cardinal / Ordinal

  • 1 uno 1st primo, -a
  • 2 due 2nd secondo, -a
  • 3 tre 3rd terzo, -a
  • 4 quattro 4th quarto, -a
  • 5 cinque 5th quinto, -a
  • 6 sei 6th sesto, -a
  • 7 sette 7th settimo, -a
  • 8 otto 8th ottavo, -a
  • 9 nove 9th nono, -a
  • 10 dieci 10th decimo, -a
  • 11 undici 11th undicesimo, -a
  • 12 dodici 12th dodicesimo, -a
  • 13 tredici 13th tredicesimo, -a
  • 14 quattordici 14th quattordicesimo, -a
  • 15 quindici 15th quindicesimo, -a
  • 16 sedici 16th sedicesimo, -a
  • 17 diciassette 17th diciassettesimo, -a
  • 18 diciotto 18th diciottesimo, -a
  • 19 diciannove 19th diciannovesimo, -a
  • 20 venti 20th ventesimo, -a
  • 21 ventuno 21st ventunesimo, -a
  • 22 ventidue 22nd ventiduesimo, -a
  • 23 ventitre 23rd ventitreesimo, -a
  • 24 ventiquattro 24th ventiquattresimo, -a
  • 25 venticinque 25th venticinquesimo, -a
  • 26 ventisei 26th ventiseiesimo, -a
  • 27 ventisette 27th ventisettesimo, -a
  • 28 ventotto 28th ventottesimo, -a
  • 29 ventinove 29th ventinovesimo, -a
  • 30 trenta 30th trentesimo, -a
  • 31 trentuno 31st trentunesimo, -a
  • 40 quaranta 40th quarantesimo, -a
  • 50 cinquanta 50th cinquantesimo, -a
  • 60 sessanta 60th sessantesimo, -a
  • 70 settanta 70th settantesimo, -a
  • 80 ottanta 80th ottantesimo, -a
  • 90 novanta 90th novantesimo, -a
  • 100 cento 100th centesimo, -a
  • 200 duecento 200th duecentesimo, -a
  • 1000 mille 1000th millesimo, -a

Dates and Time

In Italian records, the registrar often indicated the exact time of day when an event occurred. This is generally written out, for example:

L’anno del Signore milleottocentocinquantasette ed alli undici del mese di gennaio alle ore sei della mattina
(In the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred fifty-seven on the eleventh of the month of January at six o’clock in the morning)

To understand Italian dates, use the following lists as well as the preceding “Numbers” section.

Months

English - Italian

  • January - gennaio
  • February - febbraio
  • March - marzo
  • April - aprile
  • May - maggio
  • June - giugno
  • July - luglio
  • August - agosto
  • September - settembre
  • October - ottobre
  • November - novembre
  • December - dicembre

Days of the Week

English - Italian

  • Sunday - domenica
  • Monday - lunedì
  • Tuesday - martedì
  • Wednesday - mercoledì
  • Thursday - giovedì
  • Friday - venerdì
  • Saturday - sabato

Times of the Day

Italian birth and death records often indicated the exact time of day when the birth or death occurred. This is usually written out.

English - Italian

  • afternoon - pomeriggio
  • at the 16th hour - alle ore sedici ;eg:(4:00 P.M.)
  • before noon - ante meridiane
  • day - giorno
  • evening - sera
  • hour - ora
  • midday - mezzogiorno
  • midnight - mezzanotte
  • month - mese
  • monthly - mensile
  • morning - mattina
  • night - notte
  • of the month of - del mese di
  • on the day - addì
  • year - anno
  • yesterday - ieri
  • yesterday evening - iersera
  • yesterday morning - iermattina

Alphabetical

The following list first shows the Italian word followed by the English word.

A

  • a - at, to
  • abbiamo - we have
  • abbiente - owner
  • abbracciatutto - jack-of-all-trades
  • abiatico - grandson
  • abitante - inhabitant
  • abitare - to live
  • abitazione - home, residence
  • a cagione di - because of
  • a casa - at home
  • accanto - beside
  • accusato - accused, charged
  • addì - on the day
  • adesso - now
  • adottato, -a - adopted
  • adultero, -a - adulterer
  • affinità - relationship
  • affittuario, -a - renter, tenant
  • agente - agent
  • agosto - August
  • agricoltore - farmer
  • albergatore - innkeeper
  • albero genealogico - pedigree
  • alcuni, -e - some
  • alcuno, -a - any, some
  • alias - alias, also known as
  • alla nascita - time of birth
  • allegati - supplements
  • alle ore - at the hour
  • allevatore - animal feeder
  • allora - then
  • all’uopo - to this end
  • almeno - at least
  • alto - high
  • altresì - also, too
  • altre volte - formerly
  • altro - other, else
  • ambedue - both
  • amico, -a - friend
  • amministratore - steward, manager
  • amministrazione - administration
  • amogliato - took a wife
  • anche - also
  • ancora - yet, still
  • andiamo - right away, immediately
  • anime - parish census
  • annegato - drowned
  • anni - years
  • anniversariov anniversary
  • anno - year
  • annotazioni - annotations
  • annuale - annual, yearly
  • antenato, -i - ancestor(s)
  • anzidetta - aforesaid
  • anzitutto - first of all, initially
  • appartenenza religiosa - religious affiliation
  • appartienev - pertains
  • appena - as soon as
  • apprendista - apprentice
  • appresso - after, the next
  • aprile - April
  • araldica - heraldry
  • aratore - plowman
  • archivi - archives
  • archivi di stato - state archives
  • arrivo - arrival, immigration
  • artefice - maker
  • ascesso - abscess
  • asma - asthma
  • assessore comunale - alderman
  • attacco - seizure
  • attesa - awaiting
  • atti diversi - miscellaneous records
  • atto di matrimonio - marriage certificate
  • atto di morte - death certificate
  • atto di nascita - birth certificate
  • austriaco - Austrian
  • ava materna - maternal grandmother
  • avanti di - before
  • ava paterna - paternal grandmother
  • avere - to have
  • avi - ancestors
  • avo - ancestor
  • avo materno - maternal grandfather
  • avo paterno - paternal grandfather
  • avoro, -a - grandfather (grandmother)
  • avvocato - lawyer

B

  • babbo - father
  • bambina illegittima - illegitimate girl
  • bambini - children
  • bambino, -a - child, baby
  • bambino illegittimo - illegitimate boy
  • banchiere - banker
  • bandi di matrimonio - marriage banns, notices
  • barbiere - barber
  • barca, fabbricatore di - boat maker
  • barcaiolo - boatman
  • barilaio - cooper, barrel maker
  • barista - bartender
  • barone - baron
  • basso - low
  • bastardo, -a - illegitimate child
  • battesimale - baptismal
  • battesimo - baptism
  • battezzare - baptize
  • battezzarono they - baptized
  • battezzato, -a - baptized
  • battezzo - baptized
  • beccaio - butcher
  • beccamorti - grave digger
  • becchino - grave digger
  • benché - although
  • benestante - wealthy person
  • beni immobili - real property, real estate
  • beni stabili - real property, real estate
  • bettoliere - tavern keeper
  • bianco - white
  • biblioteche - libraries
  • bidello - janitor
  • bifolco - plowman
  • biografia - biography
  • birraio - barkeeper, brewer
  • bisavo, -a - great-grandfather (greatgrandmother)
  • bisavolo, -a - great-grandfather (greatgrandmother)
  • bis-bisnonno - second great-grandfather
  • bisnonna - great-grandmother
  • bisnonno - great-grandfather
  • boaro - cattle hand
  • borghese - burgher, citizen
  • bottaio - cooper, barrel maker
  • bottegaio - shopkeeper
  • bovaro - cattle driver
  • bracciale - laborer
  • bracciante - farm laborer
  • bucataia - washwoman
  • buio - dark
  • buono, -a - good
  • burraio - dairyman

C

  • cacciatore - hunter
  • caduto - fallen
  • cafone - peasant
  • calderaio - tinker
  • calzolaio - shoemaker
  • cameriera - maid, servant girl
  • cameriere - waiter
  • cameriere di casa - house steward
  • campagna - countryside, rural
  • campagnuolo, -a - countryman, countrywoman
  • cancro - cancer
  • cantante - singer (male)
  • cantatrice - singer (female)
  • capofamiglia - family head
  • capostipite -family founder, earliest ancestor
  • cappellaio - hatter
  • carabiniere - policeman
  • carbonaio - coal dealer
  • carraio - wheelwright
  • carte - maps, charts
  • casa - house
  • casaro - dairy farmer
  • cassa - chest, cash, cashier
  • cassetta - chest
  • castaldo - land agent
  • castello - castle
  • catasto - land register
  • cattolico, -a - Roman Catholic
  • cavaliere - knight
  • ce - us
  • celebrare il matrimonio - solemnize a marriage
  • celibe - bachelor, bachelorette, single, unmarried
  • censimento - census
  • centesimo, -a - hundredth
  • cento - hundred
  • certificato - certificate
  • certifichiamo - we certify
  • cfr. = confronta - compare
  • che - which, than, what, who, that, whom
  • chi - who, whom
  • chiesa - church
  • chiesa ortodossa - Greek Catholic
  • chilometro - kilometer
  • chimico - chemist
  • chirurgo - surgeon
  • chiunque - whoever
  • ci - there, us, to us
  • ciabattino - cobbler
  • cimitero - cemetery
  • cinquanta - fifty
  • cinquantesimo, -a - fiftieth
  • cinque - five
  • ciò - that
  • cioè - that is, namely
  • circa - about, approximately
  • città - city, town
  • cittadinanze - citizenship
  • cittadino, -a - citizen
  • c. m. - [corrente mese] current month
  • cocchiere - coachman
  • cognato, -a - brother-in-law, sister-in-law
  • cognome, -i - surname(s)
  • col consenso - with the consent
  • colera - cholera
  • collina - hill
  • colono - farmer, colonist
  • coltivatore - cultivator, farmer
  • come - as, like, how
  • come sopra - as above
  • commerciante di vino - wine merchant
  • commissionario - broker
  • compenso - fee
  • comprare - to buy
  • comune - municipality
  • comunione - communion
  • comunità - community, township
  • con - with
  • conciatore - tanner
  • concubina - concubine
  • condizione - status, condition
  • conducente - driver
  • confermazione - confirmation
  • confettiere - confectioner
  • congiunto - related
  • coniugati - married
  • coniugi - married couple
  • connessione - relationship
  • consenso - consent
  • conservato - preserved
  • consigliere - counselor
  • contabile - accountant
  • contadino, -a - farm laborer, peasant
  • conte - count, earl
  • contea - county
  • conto - account, bill
  • contrada - town quarter
  • contratto di matrimonio - marriage contract
  • contro - against
  • conversione - conversion
  • convivente - cohabitant
  • convulsione,-i - convulsion(s)
  • copie civili di registri parrocchiali - parish register transcripts
  • cordaio - rope maker
  • corrente - current
  • corriere - courier
  • corte - court
  • così - thus, so
  • costruttore - builder
  • cresima - confirmation
  • cresimato, -i - confirmee(s)
  • cristiano, -a - Christian (or Catholic)
  • croato - Croat
  • cucitrice - seamstress
  • cugino, -a - cousin
  • cuoco - cook
  • cuore - heart

D

  • d. = don - respectful male title
  • da - from, of
  • dagli - from the (plural)
  • dal - from the
  • dalla - from the
  • dalle - from the (plural)
  • dallo - from the
  • danaro - money
  • data - date
  • debolezza della vecchiaia - weakness of old age
  • decennale - decennial
  • decennio - decade
  • decesso, -a - deceased, late
  • decimo, -a - tenth
  • defunto, -a - deceased person
  • degli - of the
  • degno - worthy
  • dei - of the, from the (plural)
  • del - of the
  • della - of the
  • delle - of the (plural), some
  • dello - of the
  • del mese di - of the month of
  • denaro - money
  • dentizione - teething
  • descrizione - description
  • destra - right (direction)
  • d’età di - of the age of
  • detto - said, alias, also known as
  • di - of, about, concerning
  • di anni - age
  • diarrea - diarrhea
  • di buon’ora - early (A.M.)
  • dicembre - December
  • dichiarante - informant
  • dichiarare - to declare
  • dichiarato che - declared that
  • dichiarazione - declaration
  • diciannove - nineteen
  • diciannovesimo, -a - nineteenth
  • diciassette - seventeen
  • diciassettesimo, -a - seventeenth
  • diciottesimo, -a - eighteenth
  • diciotto - eighteen
  • dieci - ten
  • dietro - behind
  • dietro scritto - after signed
  • difterite - diphtheria
  • di ieri - yesterday’s
  • di mattina - in the morning
  • diocesi - diocese
  • di pomeriggio - in the afternoon
  • discendente - descendant
  • di sera - in the evening
  • disopra - above
  • di sotto - below
  • dispensa di matrimonio - marriage license
  • disposto - disposed
  • dissenteria - dysentery
  • disteso - extended
  • distretto di - district of
  • diventare - become
  • diversi - miscellaneous
  • divorziare - divorce (verb)
  • divorzio - divorce (noun)
  • dizionari geografici - gazetteers
  • dizionario - dictionary
  • documenti - records
  • documenti d’emigrazione - emigration records
  • documento - record
  • dodicesimo, -a - twelfth
  • dodici - twelve
  • doganiere, doganieri - customs officer(s)
  • domani - tomorrow
  • domenica - Sunday
  • domestica - housekeeper
  • domiciliato - residing
  • don - respectful man’s title
  • donazione - donation
  • donna - respectful woman’s title
  • donna di casa - housewife
  • dono - donation, gift
  • dopo - after
  • dopodomani - day after tomorrow
  • doppio - duplicate record
  • dottore - doctor
  • dove - where
  • dov’è? - where is?
  • droghiere - druggist, grocer
  • duca - duke
  • ducato - duchy
  • duchessa - duchess
  • due - two
  • duecentesimo, -a - two hundredth
  • duecento - two hundred
  • dunque - therefore
  • duplicato - duplicate record
  • durante - during

E

  • e, ed - and
  • è - is
  • ebanista - cabinetmaker
  • ebreo, -a - Jew, Jewess, Jewish
  • eccetto - except
  • ecco - here is, here are, there is, there are
  • è comparso, -a - appeared
  • ed, e - and
  • egli - he
  • elenco - list, directory
  • elenco dei membri - membership list
  • ella - she
  • ella stessa - herself
  • emigrante - emigrant
  • emigrazione - emigration
  • è morto - died
  • è nato - was born
  • enfiagione - swelling
  • ép. = é sposato - married
  • epilessia - epilepsy
  • eppure - yet, nevertheless
  • erbivendolo - green grocer
  • eseguito, -a - executed (a marriage)
  • essa - she, it, her, this, that
  • esse - they, them
  • essendo - being, acting as
  • essere - to be
  • essi - they, them
  • esso - it
  • esso stesso - itself
  • est - east
  • è stato celebrato - was celebrated
  • è stato presentato - was presented
  • esterno - outside
  • estratto - extract
  • estrema unzione - last rites
  • età - age
  • evento - event

F

  • fa - ago
  • fabbricante - manufacturer
  • fabbricante di tessuto - cloth maker, draper
  • fabbro - smith
  • factotum - handyman
  • falegname - joiner, carpenter
  • famiglia - family
  • fanciulla - maiden, young girl
  • fanciullo - young boy
  • fante - foot soldier
  • fatta, -o - done, made
  • fattore - farmer, creator, maker
  • febbraio - February
  • febbre - fever
  • fede di nascita - birth certificate
  • femmina - female
  • femminile - feminine
  • femminino - femininity
  • ferraio - blacksmith
  • feudo - fief, manor
  • fiacchezza - weakness
  • fidanzamento - betrothal, engagement to marry
  • fidanzarsi - to become engaged
  • fidanzata - fiancée (female)
  • fidanzato - fiancé (male)
  • fidanzato - betrothed, engaged
  • figli - children
  • figlia di - daughter of
  • figliastro, -a - stepchild
  • figlioccio, -a - godchild
  • figlio di - son of
  • filatore - spinner
  • filatrice - spinner
  • fioraio - florist
  • firma di - signature of
  • firmato - signed
  • fittaiolo - tenant farmer
  • fiume - river
  • foresta - forest
  • forestiero - foreigner, alien
  • fornaio - baker
  • forse - perhaps, maybe
  • fortezza - fortress
  • fosse - was
  • fra - between, among
  • francese - French
  • fratellastro - half brother
  • fratello - brother
  • frazione - hamlet
  • frontiera - border
  • fruttaiolo - fruit dealer
  • fruttivendolo - fruit merchant
  • fu - late, deceased, was
  • fu battezzato - was baptized
  • fu cresimato - was confirmed
  • funzione di membro - membership list
  • fuori - out
  • furono - were
  • futuro - future

G

  • gemelli - twins
  • gemello, -a - twin
  • gendarme - policeman
  • genealogia - genealogy
  • generato - born
  • genitora, -e - mother(s)
  • genitore, -i - father(s)
  • genitori - fathers or parents
  • genitori ignoti - parents unknown
  • gennaio - January
  • gente per bene - gentry
  • già - already
  • giacchè - inasmuch as
  • giammai - never
  • giardiniere - gardener
  • gioielliere - jeweler
  • giornale - newspaper
  • giornaliero - day laborer
  • giorno - day
  • giovane - young
  • giovedì - Thursday
  • gioventù - youth
  • giovinezza - youth
  • giudaico - Jewish
  • giudice - judge
  • giugno - June
  • giurato - juror
  • gli, gl’ - the, to him
  • gotta - gout
  • grande - large, great
  • grosso, grande - big, great
  • guardaboschi - forester
  • guardia - guard
  • guardiano - watchman

H

  • ha - (s)he has, you have
  • ha contratto matrimonio - has contracted marriage
  • hanno - you have, they have

I

  • i, gli, le - the (plural)
  • idropisia - dropsy, edema
  • ieri - yesterday
  • ignoto - unknown
  • il, lo, la - the (feminine singular)
  • il deceduto - the deceased
  • il giorno di ieri - the previous day
  • il giorno prossimo - the following day
  • illegittimo - illegitimate
  • il loro - their (masculine singular)
  • i loro - their (masculine plural)
  • il (la) più vecchio, -a - oldest, eldest
  • il registro di tassa - tax ledger
  • imbianchino - plasterer
  • immigrante - immigrant
  • immigrazione - immigration
  • imperiale - royal, imperial
  • impero - empire
  • impiegato di tribunale - court clerk
  • impiegato d’ufficio - clerk
  • in - in
  • incinta - pregnant
  • incisore - engraver
  • indetto - held. When used following the Italian word for day or month, it means (the event happened) the same day or month the record was written.
  • indi - from there
  • indicati - indicated
  • indice - index
  • indici decennali - ten-year indexes
  • indietro - behind
  • indigente - indigent
  • inerenza - inheritance
  • infante - infant
  • ingegnere - engineer
  • inoltre - also, besides
  • in questo luogo - in this place
  • in questo posto - in this place
  • inquilino, -a - renter
  • insieme - together
  • intagliatore - wood carver
  • interno - interior
  • intorno - around
  • invece - instead
  • io - I
  • istesso (stesso) - same, self
  • italiano, -a - Italian
  • itterizia - jaundice
  • ivi - there

L

  • la - the, her, it, you
  • - there
  • la decima, le decime - tithing
  • la loro - their (feminine singular)
  • lasciare - let, leave, allow
  • lascito - legacy, bequest
  • lavandaio - laundry worker
  • le - the, she (plural), to her,them
  • legale - legal
  • legato - legacy, bequest
  • legatore di libro - bookbinder
  • legge - law
  • legittimo - legitimate
  • lei - her, she, you (polite)
  • le loro - their (feminine plural)
  • l’età maggiore - of legal age
  • letto di morte - deathbed
  • leva - military draft
  • levatrice - midwife
  • - there
  • libero - free, unmarried
  • libri stirpe - lineage books
  • libro - book
  • licenza di matrimonio - marriage license
  • lo - the, him, it
  • località - locality
  • loro - they, their, theirs, them, you, your
  • lo stesso giorno - the same day
  • l’ufficio parrocchiale - parish office
  • luglio - July
  • lui - he, him
  • lunedì - Monday
  • luogo - place (location)
  • lustrascarpe - bootblack, shoeshine

M

  • m. = matrimonio - married
  • ma - but, however
  • macchinista - driver, machinist
  • macellaio - butcher
  • madre - mother
  • madre ignota - mother unknown
  • madrina - godmother
  • maestro, -a - schoolteacher
  • maggio - May (month of)
  • maggioranza - legal age, majority
  • maggiordomo - butler
  • maggiore - eldest
  • maggiorenne - to be of age
  • magistrato - judge
  • magnano - locksmith
  • mai - never
  • malattia - disease
  • mandriano - herdsman
  • manente - sharecropper
  • marina - navy
  • marinaio - marine, seaman, sailor
  • marito - husband
  • marmista - marble cutter
  • martedì - Tuesday
  • marzo - March (month of)
  • maschio - male, masculine
  • massaia - housewife
  • matrigna - stepmother
  • matrimoni - marriages
  • matrimonio - marriage
  • mattina - morning
  • mattonaio - brick maker
  • me - me
  • medesimi - same, alike, similar
  • membro - member
  • mendicante - beggar
  • mendico - beggar
  • mensile - monthly
  • mensuale - monthly
  • mercante - merchant, trader
  • mercato - market
  • mercoledì - Wednesday
  • mese - month
  • messaggero - courier, messenger
  • mestiere - trade, occupation
  • mezzanotte - midnight
  • mezzodì - midday
  • mezzogiorno - midday
  • mi - me, to me
  • miei - my, mine
  • miglio - mile
  • militare - military
  • mille - thousand
  • millesimo, -a - thousandth
  • minatore - miner
  • minoranza - not of legal age
  • mio - my, mine
  • modista - milliner, hat seller
  • moglie - wife
  • montagna - mountain
  • monte - mount, mountain
  • morbillo - measles
  • morì - died
  • morì di vecchiaia - died of old age
  • morire - to die
  • morì senza prole - died without issue
  • morte, -i - death(s)
  • morto, -a - dead, died, deceased, late
  • mt. = maternità - mother
  • mugnaio - miller
  • mulinaro - miller
  • mulino - mill
  • municipio - town hall
  • muratore - mason

N

  • n. = nato, -a - born
  • nacque - was born
  • nascita - birth
  • nata - born, maiden name
  • natamorta - stillborn female child
  • nativo di - native of
  • nato, -i - born (births)
  • nato morto - stillborn
  • natomorto - stillborn male child
  • nazionalità - nationality
  • necroforo - sexton
  • negli - in the (plural)
  • negoziante - dealer
  • nei - in the (plural)
  • nel - in the
  • nella - in the
  • nelle - in the (plural)
  • nello - in the
  • neonato, -a - newborn child, baby
  • nero, -a - black
  • nessuno - no, none, no one, nobody
  • niente - nothing
  • nipote - nephew, niece, grandchild
  • nipotina, nipote - granddaughter
  • nipotino, nipote - grandson
  • nobile - nobleman
  • nobiltà - nobility
  • noi - we, us
  • noi, da - by us
  • nome, -i - name(s)
  • nome assunto - alias, also known as
  • nome di battesimo - Christian name, given name
  • nome proprio - Christian name, given name
  • nomi - names
  • nominare - to name
  • nominato - named
  • non - not
  • non ancora - not yet
  • nonna - grandmother
  • nonni - grandparents, ancestors
  • nonno - grandfather
  • nono, -a - ninth
  • nota - remark
  • notaio - notary
  • notamento - account, notably
  • notificazioni - marriage banns, notices
  • notte - night
  • novanta - ninety
  • novantesimo, -a - ninetieth
  • nove - nine
  • novello - new
  • novembre - November
  • nozze - wedding
  • nubile - unmarried woman
  • numero - number
  • nuovo - new
  • nutrice - nurse

O

  • o - or
  • occidentale - western
  • occupazione - occupation
  • odierno - today’s
  • oggi - today
  • ogni - each, every
  • oltre - in addition
  • onde - from where
  • onesto - honest
  • operaio - laborer
  • operaio avventizio - journeyman
  • oppure - or, otherwise
  • ora - hour
  • orciolaio - potter
  • orefice - goldsmith
  • orfano, -a - orphan
  • orientale - eastern
  • orologiaio - watchmaker
  • oste - innkeeper, wine store keeper
  • ostetrico, -a - obstetrician, midwife
  • ottanta - eighty
  • ottantesimo, -a - eightieth
  • ottavo, -a - eighth
  • otto - eight
  • ottobre - October
  • ovest - west

P

  • padre, -i - father(s)
  • padre ignoto - father unknown
  • padrini - godparents
  • padrino - godfather
  • padrone - landlord
  • paesano - peasant
  • paese - country, village, state
  • pag. = pagina - page
  • pagina - page
  • parente - relative
  • parrocchia - parish
  • parroco - priest
  • parziali - partial
  • passaporto - passport
  • passato - past
  • pastaio - pasta maker
  • pasticciere - pastry maker
  • pastore - minister, pastor, shepherd
  • patria - country, town, or place of birth, fatherland
  • patrigno - stepfather
  • pecoraio - shepherd
  • pensionato, -a - formerly employed, retired
  • per - for, through, by
  • per causa di - because of, motive, reason
  • perchè - why
  • periodici - periodicals
  • periodo - period of time
  • permesso - permission
  • però - however
  • pescatore - fisher, fisherman
  • pescivendolo - fishmonger
  • peste - plague
  • piccolo - little, small
  • piccolo proprietario di terra - small land holder
  • piroscafo - ship
  • pittore - painter
  • più - more
  • più piccolo - lesser, smaller
  • più recente - more recent, later
  • più vecchio, -a - older, elder
  • poi - after, then
  • poichè - since
  • poliziotto - policeman
  • polmonite - pneumonia
  • pomeriggio - afternoon
  • popolazione - population
  • porre - place, put, impose
  • portalettere - mailman
  • possidente - property owner
  • precedente - former
  • prefetto - prefect
  • prefettura - prefecture
  • prenome - given name
  • presentato - presented
  • presenza di - in presence of
  • presto - early (A.M.)
  • prete - priest, clergyman
  • previo - previous, preceding
  • primo, -a - first, before
  • primo assessore - mayor’s assistant
  • principato - principality
  • principe - prince
  • principessa - princess
  • proavi - ancestors
  • pro avo al terzo grado - third great-grandfather
  • processetti - marriage supplement
  • matrimoniali - documents
  • professione - profession
  • progenitori - ancestors, grandparents
  • proietti - foundlings
  • pronipote - great-grandchild
  • proprietario - landlord
  • prossimo - next
  • prostituta - whore, prostitute
  • protestante - Protestant
  • prova - proof
  • provincia - province
  • provinciale - provincial
  • prozio, -a - great-uncle (great-aunt)
  • pt. = paternità - father
  • pubblicare - publish
  • pubblicazioni - publications (marriage banns)
  • pure - also
  • puttana - prostitute, whore

Q

  • qua - here
  • quale - what, which, who
  • quando - when
  • quaranta - forty
  • quarantesimo, -a - fortieth
  • quarto, -a - fourth
  • quattordicesimo, -a - fourteenth
  • quattordici - fourteen
  • quattro - four
  • quei - those
  • quel - that
  • questa, -o - this
  • quest’oggi - this day
  • questo luogo - this place
  • questo posto - this place
  • questura - police station
  • qui - in this place
  • quindicesimo, -a - fifteenth
  • quindici - fifteen
  • quinto, -a - fifth
  • quivi - there

R

  • rada - bay, nautical course
  • ragazzo, -a - boy (girl)
  • re - king
  • reale - royal
  • regina - queen
  • regione - region
  • registri - registers
  • registri matrimoniali - marriage records
  • registri parrocchiali - parish registers
  • registro - register
  • registro parrocchiale - parish register
  • regno - kingdom
  • relativo, -i - relative(s)
  • religione - religion
  • restare - left, remaining
  • ricerca genealogica - genealogical research
  • ricevere - received
  • richiesta - request
  • richiesto - requested
  • ricordo - record
  • rimessa - removed
  • rimesso - submitted
  • ritiro - retirement
  • riti ultimi - last rites
  • riveli - tax lists, declarations
  • rosolia - German measles
  • rosso - red
  • rubriche - directories
  • ruoli matricolari - matriculation rolls

S

  • sabato - Saturday
  • sacerdote - priest
  • salasso - bleeding, bloodletting
  • saponaio, -a - soap maker
  • sarto, -a - tailor, seamstress
  • scapolo - bachelor
  • scarlattina - scarlet fever
  • scheda d’emigrazione - emigration file
  • schedario - card index
  • schede - index cards
  • scriba - scribe
  • scultore - sculptor
  • scuola - school
  • se - if, whether
  • - himself, herself, itself, oneself, themselves
  • secolo - century
  • secondo - according to
  • secondo, -a - second
  • sedicesimo, -a - sixteenth
  • sedici - sixteen
  • seguente - following
  • sei - six
  • sempre - still (adverb)
  • senza - without
  • sepolto - buried
  • sepoltura - burial, interment
  • seppellimento - burial
  • sera - evening
  • serva - maid, servant girl
  • servizio - service, employment
  • servo, -a - servant
  • sessanta - sixty
  • sessantesimo, -a - sixtieth
  • sesso - sex (gender)
  • sesto, -a - sixth
  • settanta - seventy
  • settantesimo, -a - seventieth
  • sette - seven
  • settembre - September
  • settentrionale - northern
  • settimana - week
  • settimo, -a - seventh
  • sezione - section, district
  • si - her or himself
  • siccome - since, inasmuch
  • sig. = signore - Mr.
  • sig.a = signora - Mrs.
  • sigaraio - cigar maker
  • signora - Mrs.
  • Signore - Lord
  • signore - Mr.
  • signorina - Miss
  • sindaco - mayor
  • situazione di famiglia - family list register
  • situazione patrimoniale - estate
  • società - societies
  • soffiatore - blower
  • soldato - soldier
  • solenne - solemn
  • solennizzare il matrimonio - solemnization of marriage
  • solo, -a - only
  • sommario delle materie - contents (table of)
  • sono - are
  • sono, ci - there are
  • sopra - over, on, above
  • soprascritto - aforewritten
  • sopravvivente - surviving, still living
  • sorella - sister
  • sorellastra - half sister, step sister
  • sotto - under, beneath
  • sotto il giorno - on the day
  • sottoscritto - the undersigned
  • sovente - often
  • sp. = sposo, -a - spouse
  • spaccalegna - woodcutter
  • speditore - dispatcher
  • sposa - bride, wife
  • sposarsi - to marry
  • sposato - married
  • sposi - husband and wife
  • sposini - newlyweds
  • sposo - bridegroom
  • staffiere - footman, groom
  • stare - to be
  • stato - state (government)
  • stato civile - civil registration
  • stato d’anima - parish census
  • stato delle anime - censuses
  • stato di famiglia - family register
  • stazione termale - spa, bath
  • stemma - coat of arms
  • stesso - same, self
  • stipettaio - cabinetmaker
  • stitichezza - constipation
  • storia - history
  • storico - historian
  • straccivendolo - rag man
  • strada - road, street
  • stradino - road maker
  • su - on, upon, onto
  • sua - his, her, hers, its, your, yours
  • succursale - branch, affiliate
  • sud - south
  • suddetto - aforesaid
  • sugli - on the
  • sui - on the
  • sul - on the
  • sull’ - on the
  • sulla - on the
  • sullo - on the
  • suo - his, her, hers, its, your, yours
  • suo - his own, its own (reflexive pronoun)
  • suòcera - mother-in-law
  • suòcero - father-in-law
  • superiore - upper
  • svizzero - Swiss

T

  • tagliapietre - stonecutter
  • tagliatore - cutter
  • tappezziere - upholsterer
  • tardo, -a - late (P.M.)
  • tassazione - taxation
  • tavole decennali - ten-year indexes
  • te - you (after a preposition)
  • tedesco - German
  • tempi - times
  • tempo - time
  • temporaneo - temporary
  • tenente - lieutenant
  • terrazzano - peasant
  • terzo, -a - third
  • tessitore - weaver
  • testamento - will (testament)
  • testimonio, -a - witness
  • testo - text
  • ti - you, to you
  • tifoide - typhoid
  • tintore - dyer
  • tisi - consumption, tuberculosis
  • tomo - volume
  • tosse - cough
  • tosse canina - whooping cough
  • tossire - cough
  • tra - between, among
  • trattore - restaurant keeper
  • tre - three
  • tredicesimo, -a - thirteenth
  • tredici - thirteen
  • trenta - thirty
  • trentesimo, -a - thirtieth
  • trentunesimo, -a - thirty-first
  • trentuno - thirty-one
  • tribunale - court, judicial, courthouse
  • trisavolo - second greatgrandfather
  • trovatello - foundling
  • tu, voi - you
  • tumore - tumor
  • tutore - guardian
  • tuttavia - nevertheless
  • tutto - all, everything

U

  • ubriacone - drunkard
  • ucciso - killed
  • uditore - auditor
  • ufficiale - official (of)
  • ufficiale del comune - village official
  • ufficiale dello stato civile - registrar
  • ufficio - office
  • ultimo testamento - last will
  • un (una) - a, an
  • undicesimo, -a - eleventh
  • undici - eleven
  • unirsi in matrimonio - to marry
  • uno, -a - one
  • uomo - man

V

  • vaccaio - cowboy
  • vaiolo - small pox
  • Valdese - Waldensian
  • valle - valley
  • vario - various
  • vasaio - potter
  • vecchio, -a - aged, old man (woman)
  • vedere - see
  • vedovato - widowed
  • vedovo, -a - widower, widow
  • venditore - seller, vendor
  • venerdì - Friday
  • ventesimo, -a - twentieth
  • venti - twenty
  • venticinque - twenty-five
  • venticinquesimo, -a - twenty-fifth
  • ventidue - twenty-two
  • ventiduesimo, -a - twenty-second
  • ventinove - twenty-nine
  • ventinovesimo, -a - twenty-ninth
  • ventiquattresimo, -a - twenty-fourth
  • ventiquattro - twenty-four
  • ventisei - twenty-six
  • ventiseiesimo, -a - twenty-sixth
  • ventisette - twenty-seven
  • ventisettesimo, -a twenty-seventh
  • ventitre twenty-three
  • ventitreesimo, -a twenty-third
  • ventottesimo, -a twenty-eighth
  • ventotto - twenty-eight
  • ventunesimo, -a - twenty-first
  • ventuno - twenty-one
  • verde - green
  • vergine - virgin
  • verso - toward
  • vescovo - bishop
  • vi - there, to it, at it
  • vi, ci - you, us
  • via - road, street
  • vicinanza - neighborhood
  • vicino - neighbor
  • vicino a - next to, near
  • vigile - policeman
  • vignaiolo - grape grower
  • villaggio - village
  • vita - living, alive
  • viticultore - grape grower
  • viv. = vivo, vivente flourished, lived
  • vivere - to live
  • voi - you
  • volontà - will (testament)
  • volume - volume
  • vostro - your, yours

Z

  • zio, -a - uncle, aunt
  • zitella - old maid, spinster