James City County, Virginia

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*Heinegg, Paul. [http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/jamescit.htm "James City County Personal Property Tax Lists, 1782-1814,"] ''Free African Americans.com. ''[Heinegg abstracted free blacks listed in these records.]  
 
*Heinegg, Paul. [http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/jamescit.htm "James City County Personal Property Tax Lists, 1782-1814,"] ''Free African Americans.com. ''[Heinegg abstracted free blacks listed in these records.]  
 
*Johnson, Martha C. ''Black Families of Elizabeth City Co., VA, 1800-1990: Research of Families of Callis, Davis, Simpson, Radcliff, Originating from Gloucester Co., Mathews Co., York and James Counties and Elizabeth Co., Hampton, Virginia''. {{FHL|484799|item}} 1728886 Item 2.
 
*Johnson, Martha C. ''Black Families of Elizabeth City Co., VA, 1800-1990: Research of Families of Callis, Davis, Simpson, Radcliff, Originating from Gloucester Co., Mathews Co., York and James Counties and Elizabeth Co., Hampton, Virginia''. {{FHL|484799|item}} 1728886 Item 2.
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==== Cemeteries  ====
 
==== Cemeteries  ====
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For a detailed list, including addresses, phone numbers, and external links, see [[James City County, Virginia Cemeteries]].  
 
For a detailed list, including addresses, phone numbers, and external links, see [[James City County, Virginia Cemeteries]].  
  
The following is a list of cemeteries in James City County:<ref>[http://www.topozone.com/states/Virginia.asp?county=James+City&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;feature=Cemetery USGS Map], www.trails.com</ref><ref name="Find-a-Grave">[http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=csr&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;CScn=&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;CScntry=4&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;CSst=48&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;CScnty=2849 Find-a-Grave]</ref>  
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The following is a list of cemeteries in James City County:<ref>[http://www.topozone.com/states/Virginia.asp?county=James+City&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;feature=Cemetery USGS Map], www.trails.com</ref><ref name="Find-a-Grave">[http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=csr&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;CScn=&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;CScntry=4&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;CSst=48&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;CScnty=2849 Find-a-Grave]</ref>  
  
 
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Revision as of 22:12, 29 May 2012

United States  Gotoarrow.png  Virginia  Gotoarrow.png  James City County
For more information, see the discussion page


James City County, Virginia
Map
Boundary map of James City County, Virginia
Map of Virginia highlighting James City County
Location in the state of Virginia
Facts
Founded 1634
County Seat
Courthouse
Address 5201 Monticello Avenue

Williamsburg, VA 23188
(757) 564-2242

Website: www.jccegov.com
Named for: King James I of England
King James I of England.JPG
 

James City County (formally, the County of James City) is a Tidewater county located on the Virginia Peninsula in the Hampton Roads region in Southeast Virginia. It has an area of 143 square miles.[1]

Contents

History

Beginning Dates for James City County, Virginia Government Records
Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate
1853 1854 1853 1820 1854 1850s

Parent County

1634--James City was created in 1634 as an original shire or county.
County seat: Williamsburg [2]

Record Loss

Like many county courthouses in Virginia during the Civil War, the James City County Courthouse was burned in 1864.  Consequently, few court records from prior to that date exist, although a few records from the 1850s are housed in the current Williamsburg-James City County Courthouse. Deed Book 1 and Will Book 1 both include some records from the 1850's. 

  • Lost censuses: 1790, 1800, 1810, 1890

Visit the Library of Virginia's website to determine exactly what records have been lost and their Lost Records Localities Database to find additional resources.

Weisiger abstracted a valuable source that includes deed, will, and marriage information about James City County, Virginia residents:

  • Weisiger, Benjamin B. Burned County Data 1809-1848 As Found in the Virginia Contested Election Files. Richmond, Va., 1986. FHL Book 975.5 P2w.[3]
    Fire.png

Places/Localities

Populated Places

The following is a list of populated places in James City County:[1]

Neighboring Counties

Resources

Research Guides

  • Davis, Virginia Lee Hutcheson. "Records of Tidewater Virginia Counties," Tidewater Virginia Families: A Magazine of History and Genealogy, Vol. 1, No. 2 (May-June 1992):53-66. FHL Collection 975.51 D25t [For James City County, see p. 59]
  • Dorman, John Frederick. "A Guide to the Counties of Virginia: James City County," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 15, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1971):15-17. Available at New England Ancestors ($).
  • Duvall, Lindsay O., Library of Congress. Manuscript Division and Virginia State Library. Archives and Record Division. James City County, Virginia, 1634-1904: Abstracts of Genealogical Contents of Mss Volumes in the Manuscript Division, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C., & Archives Division, Virginia State Library, Richmond, Va. Washington, D.C.: L.O. Duvall, 1957. FHL 271545

These three research guides were prepared by the John D. Rockefeller Jr. Library at Colonial Williamsburg:

African American


Freedmen's Bureau Letters or Correspondence, 1865-18721

  • Heinegg, Paul. "James City County Personal Property Tax Lists, 1782-1814," Free African Americans.com. [Heinegg abstracted free blacks listed in these records.]
  • Johnson, Martha C. Black Families of Elizabeth City Co., VA, 1800-1990: Research of Families of Callis, Davis, Simpson, Radcliff, Originating from Gloucester Co., Mathews Co., York and James Counties and Elizabeth Co., Hampton, Virginia. FHL Collection 1728886 Item 2.

Bible Records

Images of the Virginia Historical Society's family Bible collection have been digitized:

Additional Bible records include:

Cemeteries

For a detailed list, including addresses, phone numbers, and external links, see James City County, Virginia Cemeteries.

The following is a list of cemeteries in James City County:[4][5]

  • Chickahominy Baptist Church Cemetery
  • Curtis Cemetery
  • Hickory Neck Church Cemetery
  • James City Chapel Cemetery
  • James Fort Burial Ground
  • James River Baptist Church Cemetery
  • Jamestown Church Cemetery
  • Jamestown Presbyterian Church Cemetery
  • Mount Gilead Baptist Church Cemetery
  • Mount Pleasant Baptist Church Cemetery
  • Murdoch-Austin Family Cemetery
  • New Family Cemetery
  • New Zion Baptist Church Cemetery
  • Olive Branch Christian Church Cemetery
  • Our Saviour's Evangelical Lutheran Church Cemetery
  • Shiloh Baptist Church Cemetery
  • Smith Memorial Baptist Church Cemetery
  • Travis Cemetery
  • Waltrip and Booker Family Cemetery
  • Williamsburg Memorial Park
  • Williamsburg Mennonite Church Cemetery
  • Zion Baptist Church Cemetery

For a map plotting all of the cemeteries, see Google Maps: Cemeteries in James City County, Virginia.


  • Tyler, Lyon G. "Old Tombstones in York and James City Counties," The William and Mary Quarterly, Vol. 2, No. 2 (Oct. 1893):78-86. Available at JSTOR ($).

Census

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1790 4,070
1800 3,931 −3.4%
1810 4,094 4.1%
1820 4,563 11.5%
1830 3,838 −15.9%
1840 3,779 −1.5%
1850 4,020 6.4%
1860 5,798 44.2%
1870 4,425 −23.7%
1880 5,422 22.5%
1890 5,643 4.1%
1900 3,688 −34.6%
1910 3,624 −1.7%
1920 3,676 1.4%
1930 3,879 5.5%
1940 4,907 26.5%
1950 6,317 28.7%
1960 11,539 82.7%
1970 17,853 54.7%
1980 22,763 27.5%
1990 34,859 53.1%
2000 48,102 38.0%
Source: "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau.

1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880, 1900, 1910, 1920, and 1930 U.S. Federal Censuses (Population Schedules) of James City County can be accessed on the Internet. For tips on accessing census records online, see Virginia Census.

1782 Enumeration of Williamsburg

1790 - Lost, but a substitute is available, see Taxation.

1800 - Lost, but a substitute is available, see Taxation.

1810 - Lost, but a substitute is available, see Taxation.

1860

Census takers uncharacteristically recorded the birth town or birth county for residents of Williamsburg this census year.[6]

1890 Union Veterans

Church

For a detailed list, including addresses, phone numbers, and external links, see James City County, Virginia Churches.

The following is a list of churches in James City County:[5]

  • Chickahominy Baptist Church
  • Hickory Neck Church
  • James River Baptist Church
  • Jamestown Church
  • Jamestown Presbyterian Church
  • Mount Gilead Baptist Church
  • Mount Pleasant Baptist Church
  • New Zion Baptist Church
  • Olive Branch Christian Church
  • Our Saviour's Evangelical Lutheran Church
  • Shiloh Baptist Church
  • Smith Memorial Baptist Church
  • Williamsburg Mennonite Church
  • Zion Baptist Church

For a map plotting all of the churches, see Google Maps: Churches in James City County, Virginia.

Church of England

Gotoarrow.png See also Argall's Gift Parish
Gotoarrow.png See also Blisland Parish
Gotoarrow.png See also Bruton Parish
Gotoarrow.png See also Chickahominy Parish
Gotoarrow.png See also Chippokes Parish
Gotoarrow.png See also Harrop Parish
Gotoarrow.png See also Hog Island Parish
Gotoarrow.png See also James City Parish
Gotoarrow.png See also Lawnes Creek Parish
Gotoarrow.png See also Martin's Hundred Parish
Gotoarrow.png See also Middle Plantation Parish
Gotoarrow.png See also Middletowne Parish
Gotoarrow.png See also St. Peter's Parish
Gotoarrow.png See also Southwark Parish
Gotoarrow.png See also Wallingford Parish
Gotoarrow.png See also Wilmington Parish
Gotoarrow.png See also Yorkhampton Parish

  • Mason, George Carrington. "The Colonial Churches of James City County, Virginia," The William and Mary Quarterly, Second Series, Vol. 19, No. 4 (Oct. 1939):510-530. Available at JSTOR ($).
  • Mason, George Carrington. Colonial Churches of Tidewater Virginia. Richmond, Virginia: Whittet & Shepperson, 1945. Available at FHL; digital version at BYU Family History Archives. [Includes James City County.]

Court

Williamsburg James City County Courthouse.JPG
 

The Williamsburg-James City County Courthouse is located at:

5201 Monticello Avenue
Williamsburg, VA 23188-8218
(757) 564-2242

  • Circuit Court Clerk has birth records 1865--1883 death records 1864-1884
  • Marriage, divorce, probate, county, and land records from 1865

The Courthouse houses records for both the City of Williamsburg and James City County, which are separate municipalities.  Deeds for each municipality are maintained separately and may have different numbering schemes (e.g., six digit instrument numbers for Williamsburg deeds and nine digit instrument numbers for James City County deeds).

The Clerk's Office in the Circuit Court has a variety of City of Williamsburg and James City County records including deed and will books, twenteith-century tax records, tax assessors, maps, plats, military induction records, marriage records, death records, order books, and other documents. The Courthouse maintains a searchable computer-based index for deeds, marriages, and wills, as follows:


Chancery
1993-present
Deeds
1982-present
Marriages
1968-present
Wills
1992-present


You must visit the courthouse reading room in person (8:30 - 4:00 p.m., Monday through Friday) in order to search the computer index.  Recent records are added to the index within about a week. 

The Clerk of Circuit Court does not accept mail in requests.  However, all James City County records are available on microfilm through Interlibrary Loan via the Library of Virginia.  Scanners are not permitted; cameras may or may not be allowed.  A copier is available.

Chancery Court

  • Indexes (1799-1967) and images (1799-1933) to James City County, Virginia Chancery Records are available online through Virginia Memory: Chancery Records Index. These records, often concerned with inheritance disputes, contain a wealth of genealogical information.

General Court of Virginia

  • "Bridge over Powhatan Swamp, in James City County," [1670] The William and Mary Quarterly, Vol. 12, No. 2 (Oct. 1903):137. Available at JSTOR ($). [Cites Records of General Court of Virginia, MSS.]

Genealogy

More than 100 genealogies have been published about James City County families. To view a list, visit James City County, Virginia Genealogy.

Historic Buildings

  • "Old Houses in James City County," The William and Mary Quarterly, Second Series, Vol. 17, No. 4 (Oct. 1937):528. Available at JSTOR ($).
  • "Old Houses in James City, York, and Warwick Counties," The William and Mary Quarterly, Second Series, Vol. 18, No. 1 (Jan. 1938). Available at JSTOR ($).
  • "Old Houses in James City and King William Counties," The William and Mary Quarterly, Second Series, Vol. 18, No. 3 (Jul. 1938). Available at JSTOR ($).

Immigration

Headright grants identify many James City County, Virginia immigrants who arrived before 1720.[7] The Virginia Immigration article provides tips about using this source.

Additional resources include:

  • Coldham, Peter Wilson. North American Wills Registered in London 1611-1857. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 2007. [Includes wills of residents of Brewerton Parish [Bruton Parish], Bruton Parish, Cape Henry, Carey's Fort, James City County, James River, Jamestown, Martin's Hundred, and Williamsburg proved in London. These records often help establish an immigrant's place of origin.]
  • "John Clayton, of James City, Afterwards of Crofton, Yorkshire," The William and Mary Quarterly, Second Series, Vol. 1, No. 2 (Apr. 1921):114-115. Available at JSTOR ($).
  • "Letters to Tom Pecke, of James City County," [1659] The William and Mary Quarterly, Vol. 5, No. 4 (Apr. 1897):269-270. Available at JSTOR ($). [Discusses importation of indentured servants and other mercantile activities.]
  • List of imported servants and transported convicts from Europe who served labor terms in Colonial James City County, Virginia (work in progress), courtesy: Immigrant Servants Database.
  • Ljungstedt, Milnor. "Items from Southern Records" [Showing Family and Trade Connections with Northern Colonies and the Home Countries], The American Genealogist, Vol. 15 (1938):95-104. Available at New England Ancestors ($). [Surname: Sherwood.]
  • Pead, Deuel and Richard Beale Davis. "A Sermon Preached at James City in Virginia the 23rd of April 1686, Before the Loyal Society of Citizens Born in and about London and Inhabiting in Virginia," The William and Mary Quarterly, Third Series, Vol. 17, No. 3 (Jul. 1960):371-394. Available at JSTOR ($).

Land

Grants and Patents

  • Nugent, Nell Marion. Cavaliers and Pioneers: Abstracts of Virginia Land Patents and Grants 1623-1666. Vol. I (1934; reprint, Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1991). Available at FHL; digital version at Ancestry ($). [Includes James City County. N.B. If Ancestry's search engine fails, try checking the printed index at the end of the book.]
  • "Patents Issued during the Regal Government: James City County," The William and Mary Quarterly, Vol. 11, No. 4 (Apr. 1903):271-276; Vol. 12, No. 2 (Oct. 1903):104-110; Vol. 12, No. 3 (Jan. 1904):185-191. Available at JSTOR ($).

Local Histories

Martha W. McCartney, James City County: Keystone of the Commonwealth (Virginia Beach, Va: Donning Company/Publishers, 1997), 640 pgs (click here for a summary)

Maps

  • Doyle, James W. "Charles City County Land Grants, Neighbors and Families," Tidewater Virginia Families: A Magazine of History and Genealogy, Vol. 6, No. 1 (May/June 1997):5-16. FHL Collection 975.51 D25t

Migration

  • Clay, Robert Y. "Some Delinquent Taxpayers 1787-1790," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 20, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1976):199-208; Vol. 22, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1978):43-50. Available at FHL; digital version at New England Ancestors ($). [These records identify migrants who left the county and often their intended destinations. James City County's 1787-1790 Delinquent Lists appear on 20:207-208; additional 1789 Delinquent Lists appear on 22:43-44.]

Military

The Clerk's Office in the Circuit Court has military induction records.

Colonial Militia
  • Bockstruck, Lloyd DeWitt. Virginia's Colonial Soldiers. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1988. Available at FHL. [Identifies some James City County militia officers and/or soldiers; see place name index.]
  • Boogher, William F. Gleanings of Virginia History: An Historical and Genealogical Collection, Largely from Original Sources. Washington: n.p., 1903. Available at FHL; digital version at Google Books. [Includes a chapter titled "Legislative Enactments connecting the preceding historic sketch [French and Indian War, Lord Dunmore's War] with the adjudication of the resulting accounts that follow; with the list of officers, soldiers and civilians entitled to compensation for military and other services rendered." For James City County, see pp. 87, 111.]
  • Crozier, William Armstrong. Virginia Colonial Militia 1651-1776. Baltimore: Southern Book Co., 1954. Available at FHL; digital book at Ancestry ($). [Identifies some James City County militia officers; see place name index.]
French and Indian War
  • Bockstruck, Lloyd DeWitt. Virginia's Colonial Soldiers. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1988. Available at FHL. [Identifies some James City County militia officers, soldier enlistments, and veterans; see place name index.]
  • Crozier, William Armstrong. Virginia Colonial Militia 1651-1776. Baltimore: Southern Book Co., 1954. Available at FHL; digital book at Ancestry ($). [Identifies some James City County militia officers; see place name index.]
War of 1812

James City County men served in the 68th Regiment.[8]

  • List of Pensioners on the Roll, January 1, 1883; Giving the Name of Each Pensioner, the Cause for Why Pensioned, the Post-Office Address, the Rate of Pension Per Month, and the Date of Original Allowance... Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1883. FHL Collection 973 M2Lp v. 5; digital versions at Google Books and Internet Archive. [See Vol. 5, Virginia, James City County, p. 86. Identifies War of 1812 veterans living in this county in 1883.]
Civil War, 1861-1865

Civil War service men from James City County County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies or regiments that were formed from men of James City County County.

Naturalization

Newspapers

 

There are two distinct publication time frames for newspapers titled The Virginia Gazette.

The was paper was first published weekly in Williamsburg, Virginia during much of the 18th century, when Williamsburg was the capital of the colony.  Beginning in 1766, another printer launched a competing publication by the same name.  In total, three different publishers used the name "Virginia Gazette" during the Colonial era, and are listed separately in the digital collection, grouped by publisher. Digitized images of the paper can be viewed on-line through the Colonial Williamsburg Foundation Digital Library.  The collection is indexed for publication years 1736 to 1780.  Williamsburg Regional Library has microfilm of the Colonial era collection, as well. 

More recently, the Virginia Gazette was revived in 1930 by publisher J.A. Osborne as part of the first Colonial Williamsburg renovation.

Digitized images of the paper through the Library of Congress.  Collection covers from 1900 to 1903.

Digitized images of the paper through the Library of Congress. Collection covers from 1901 and 1903.

Digitized images of the paper through the Library of Congress. Collection covers from 1907 to 1910.

Professor Tom Costa and The Rector and Visitors of the University of Virginia have created a database of all runaway advertisements for slaves, indentured servants, transported convicts, and ship deserters listed in the Virginia Gazette and other Virginia newspapers (1736-1803), see: The Geography of Slavery in Virginia.

Occupations

  • Cutten, George Barton. The Silversmiths of Virginia (together with Watchmakers and Jewelers) from 1694 to 1850. Richmond, Va.: The Dietz Press, Incorporated, 1952. Available at FHL. [Includes a section on Williamsburg silversmiths.]

Private Papers

Probate

Original Wills

  • Hopkins, William Lindsay. Some Wills from the Burned Counties of Virginia and Other Wills Not Listed in Virginia Wills and Administrations 1632-1800. Richmond, Virginia: W.L. Hopkins, 1987. Available at FHL. [Includes James City County.]
  • "Will of William Broadribb, of James City Co., Va." [1703], The William and Mary Quarterly, Vol. 14, No. 1 (Jul. 1905):35-37. Available at JSTOR ($).
  • "Will of Col. James Shields of James City County" [1795], The William and Mary Quarterly, Vol. 20, No. 1 (Jul. 1911):36-38. Available at JSTOR ($).

Power of Attorney

  • Kerr, John H. (Mrs.) "Drummond, a James City County, Virginia, Records," [1679] The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 15, No. 2 (Apr.-Jun. 1971):109-110. Available at New England Ancestors ($).

London Courts

  • Coldham, Peter Wilson. North American Wills Registered in London 1611-1857. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 2007. [Includes wills of residents of Brewerton Parish [Bruton Parish], Bruton Parish, Cape Henry, Carey's Fort, James City County, James River, Jamestown, Martin's Hundred, and Williamsburg proved in London. These records often help establish an immigrant's place of origin.]

York County, Virginia Court

York County Probate Records

This collection includes digitized images of the probate records from York County during the colonial period.  York county abuts James City County, and these records include information from Williamsburg, Virginia.  The images are provided by the Colonial Williamsburg Foundation.   The records can be digitally searched.

Taxation

How can Virginia tax lists help me? 

  • [1704] "Virginia Quit Rent Rolls, 1704," Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 28 (1920):207-218, 328-339; Vol. 29 (1921):18-28, 337-343, 402-412; Vol. 30 (1922):21-30, 280-285, 341-347; Vol. 31 (1923):70-75, 153-163, 215-231, 314-318; Vol. 32 (1924):69-75, 144-158, 281-287, 338-343; Vol. 33 (1925):47-50, 359-370; Vol. 34 (1926):113-119, 252-258, 313, 321. Available at FHL; reprinted in Virginia Tax Records. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1983, which is also available at FHL; digital version of VMHB at JSTOR ($). [James City County appears in 31:153-163.]
  • [1704] See also 1783.
  • [1768-1769] James City County, Virginia, Tax Book, 1768-1769. Original records, Library of Virginia, Richmond, Va.; also available at FHL.
  • [1768-1769] Woodson, Robert F. and Isobel B. Woodson. Virginia Tithables from Burned Record Counties: Buckingham, 1773-1774; Gloucester, 1770-1771, 1774-1775; Hanover, 1763 and 1770; James City, 1768-1769; Stafford, 1768 and 1773. Richmond, Virginia: I.B. Woodson, 1970. Available at FHL.
  • [1768] "James City County, Virginia, Sheriff's Tax Book, 1768," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 1, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1957):18-22; Vol. 1, No. 2 (Apr.-Jun. 1957):69-72. Available at New England Ancestors ($).
  • [1768, 1783] Hansford, Thelma. Tax Lists York County 1782, 1783, 1784; Rent Roll York County 1704, Gloucester 1704, Warwick 1704; James City County Taxes 1768. Virginia?: T.I. Hansford?, 1950. Available at FHL. [1768 list taken from article in The Virginia Genealogist; 1783 property tax taken from the magazine section.]
  • [1769] Tax Book, 1769, Tidewater Virginia Families, Vol. 5, No. 4 (Feb. 1997); Vol. 6, No. 1 (May 1997); Vol. 6, No. 2 (Aug. 1997). Available at FHL.
  • [1782] Fothergill, Augusta B. and John Mark Naugle. Virginia Tax Payers, 1782-87, Other Than Those Published by the United States Census Bureau. 1940; reprint, Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1978. Available at FHL. [1782 personal property tax list of James City County.]
  • [1782] Weaver, Jeffrey C. "The 1782 James City County, Virginia Personal Property Tax List," transcribed 1998. Available online, courtesy: New River Notes.
  • [1782-1814] Heinegg, Paul. "James City County Personal Property Tax Lists, 1782-1814," Free African Americans.com. [Heinegg abstracted free blacks listed in these records.]
  • [1783] Stewart, Robert Armistead. "First Tax List of the Commonwealth of Virginia: Property Tax List of James City County, 1783 [and] Family Names Above Occurring in the Quit Rent Roll of James City County, 1704," The Researcher: A Magazine of History and Genealogical Exchange, Vol. 1, No. 3 (Apr. 1927):175-177. Available at FHL.
  • [1787] Schreiner-Yantis, Netti and Florene Speakman Love. The 1787 Census of Virginia: An Accounting of the Name of Every White Male Tithable Over 21 Years, the Number of White Males Between 16 & 21 Years, the Number of Slaves over 16 & Those Under 16 Years, Together with a Listing of Their Horses, Cattle & Carriages, and Also the Names of All Persons to Whom Ordinary Licenses and Physician's Licenses Were Issued. 3 vols. Springfield, Va.: Genealogical Books in Print, 1987. Available at FHL. [The source of this publication is the 1787 personal property tax list. James City County is included in Vol. 2.]
  • [1787-1790] Clay, Robert Y. "Some Delinquent Taxpayers 1787-1790," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 20, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1976):199-208; Vol. 22, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1978):43-50. Available at FHL; digital version at New England Ancestors ($). [These records identify migrants who left the county and often their intended destinations. James City County's 1787-1790 Delinquent Lists appear on 20:207-208; additional 1789 Delinquent Lists appear on 22:43-44.]
  • [1788] Weaver, Jeffrey C. "The 1788 James City County, Virginia Personal Property Tax List," transcribed 1998. Available online, courtesy: New River Notes.
  • [1790, 1800] Indexed images of the 1790 and 1800 Personal Property Tax Lists of James City County, Virginia are available online, courtesy: Binns Genealogy.
  • [1790, 1800] Indexed images of the 1790 and 1800 Land Tax Lists of James City County, Virginia are available online at Binns Genealogy.
  • [1810] Schreiner-Yates, Netti. A Supplement to the 1810 Census of Virginia: Tax Lists of the Counties for which the Census is Missing. Springfield, Va.: Genealogical Books in Print, 1971. Available at FHL. [The source for this publication is the 1810 personal property tax list. James City County is included because the 1810 Census for that county has been destroyed.]
  • [1815] Ward, Roger D. 1815 Directory of Virginia Landowners (and Gazetteer). 6 vols. Athens, Georgia: Iberian Pub. Co., 1997-2000. Available at FHL. [The source for this publication is the 1815 land tax. James City County is included in Vol. 3.]

Vital Records

The records management room in the County's Government Complex contains microphils of the Board of Supervisor's Meeting Minutes from September 10, 1887 on. Microfilm of the Board of Supervisor's Meeting Minutes are also available on microfilm through the Library of Virginia.

Indexes to James City County, Virginia births, marriages, and deaths are available online. These collections are incomplete, but are easy to search. Most records can also be ordered electronically online as well. Courtesy: FamilySearch - free. See also How to order Virginia Vital Records

Birth
  • Fridley, Beth, comp. James City County Virginia Birth Records, 1853-96 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 2001. Available at Ancestry ($).
Vital Record Substitutes

The Virginia Historical Society's Marriage and Obituary Index, 1736-1820 (newspaper abstracts) is available for free online. Images of the original index cards are browseable, arranged alphabetically by surname.

Jamestown Related Records

The Jamestown Records of the Virginia Company of London: Part of the Thomas Jefferson Collection at the Library of Congress

Societies and Libraries

 

Local Resources

The Williamsburg Regional Library

The WRL is the central library for the City of Williamsburg and James City County

Swem Library at The College of William & Mary

Swem Library is the central research library for The College of William and Mary.

The John D. Rockefeller, Jr. Library

This library is operated by the Colonial Williamsburg Foundation.  Its contains secondary and primary materials on the colonial history of Virginia.

The Omohundro Institute of Early American History and Culture

The Omohundro Institute is a joint research institute between The College of William & Mary and the Colonial Williamsburg Foundation, focusing on academic research on early American history.

State Resources

Virginia Genealogical Society

Virginia Historical Society

The Library of Virginia

The Library of Virginia has an extensive collection of documents related to James City County including:

Board of Supervisor Minutes: Sept. 1887 to 1908, Court Minutes: 1871-1882, Clerk's Guide to Sampel Forms for Certain Court Records, undated, Chancery Execution Book: 1868-1916, Chancery Minutes: 1871-1873, Chancery Order Books: 1889-1903, Chancery Rules: 1872-1911, Execution Book: 1866-1916, Judgment Docket: 1865-1903, Law Execution Book: 1866-1882, Circuit Court Order Book: 1879-1885, James City County and Williamsburg Fiduciary Bond Book: 1865-1908, James City County and Williamsburg Plat Books: 1891-1918, Birth Register: 1866-1884, Death Register: 1864-1884, School Commissioners Records: 1819-1861, Tax Book: 1768-1769, Deed and Will Books: 1854-1861, 1865-1874 Land Tax Lists: 1782 on, Personal Property Tax Lists: 1782 on, Agricultural Census Records: 1850-1880, Census Records: full run, Slave Schedules: 1850 and 1860, Processioners Records: 1890-1891, 1903-1904 James City County/Williamsburg Rolls of Registered Voters: 1900-1965, James City County/Williamsburg Contracts for Personal Property: 1900-1918

Family History Centers

Williamsburg Family History Center
2017 Newman Road
Williamsburg, VA 23188
757.220.0266
For more information about the resources available through FamilySearch Family History Centers, see also Introduction to LDS Family History Centers.

Websites

Hands on keyboard.png Genealogy courses: Learn how to research from an expert in Fun Five Minute Genealogy Videos.


References

  1. 1.0 1.1 National Association of Counties
  2. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  3. John Frederick Dorman, "Review of Burned County Data 1809-1848," in The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 31, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1987):60-61.
  4. USGS Map, www.trails.com
  5. 5.0 5.1 Find-a-Grave
  6. Alycon Trubey Pierce, "In Praise of Errors Made by Census Enumerators," National Genealogical Society Quarterly, Vol. 81, No. 1 (March 1993):51-55. FHL Book 973 B2ng
  7. John Frederick Dorman, "Review of Cavaliers and Pioneers," in The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 24, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1980):221. Digital version at American Ancestors ($). FHL Book 975.5 B2vg v. 24 (1980)
  8. Stuart Lee Butler, A Guide to Virginia Militia Units in the War of 1812 (Athens, Ga.: Iberian Pub. Co., 1988), 112. FHL Book 975.5 M2bs.