Jefferson County, Indiana GenealogyEdit This Page

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Jefferson County, Indiana
Map of the U.S. highlighting Indiana
Location of Indiana in the U.S.
Founded November 23, 1810
County Seat Madison
Address Courthouse.jpg


County Courthouse

Jefferson County Indiana Courthouse.jpg
 Jefferson county; 300 E Main St #203; Madison, IN 47250; Ph. 812.265.8921 Details: (Co Hlth Dept has b, d & bur rec; Co Clk has m, div, pro & ct rec; Co Redr has land rec)

Quick Facts

Parent County

1810--Jefferson County was created 23 November 1810 from Clark and Dearborn Counties.
County seat: Madison [1]

Boundary Changes

Record Loss

Jefferson County, Indiana Courthouse Damaged by Fire (20 May 2009) (multiple sources)

Flames destroyed parts of the 154-year-old Jefferson County Courthouse today. The Indiana state fire marshal has completed a preliminary investigation, but has not yet issued a report.

Decades of history may have been lost as flames ripped through the courthouse. The third floor partially collapsed and the basement sustained significant water damage.

Local preservation experts have retrieved deeds and some other vital documents. Many of them will have to be frozen before they can be restored. However, there are some that were irreparably damaged in the fire.

The fire came as crews were finishing restoration work on the courthouse for the city's bicentennial celebration. County officials said exterior work was nearly complete. A video is available at or click on the image below.


Populated Places

Neighboring Counties

Clark | Jennings | Ripley | Scott | Switzerland | Kentucky counties: Carroll | Trimble




For tips on accessing Jefferson County, Indiana Genealogy census records online, see: Indiana Census.






  • Biographical and Historical Souvenir for the Counties of Clark, Crawford, Harrison, Floyd, Jefferson, Jennings, Scott and Washington, Indiana. (Evansville, Ind: Unigraphic, 1972.) FHL US/CAN Film 934899 Item 4 FHL Collection  other libraries   INTERNET ARCHIVE



Civil War

Civil War service men from Jefferson County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Jefferson County.

article on the Civil War

  • Garber, Michael C., Jr., "Reminiscences of the Burning of Columbia, South Carolina" ,( Indiana Magazine of History 11, no. 4 (December 1915): 285-300.) 1865, Jefferson County (Madison)      Abstract and Bibliographic Information     article PDF




Vital Records

  • Indiana State Digital Achives for Death, E-Publication, Instiution, Military, Misc Historical, Naturalization Records can be searched by person name (accessed 26 May 2011)

Societies and Libraries

Family History Centers

Web Sites


  1. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).


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