Jefferson County, Ohio Genealogy

From FamilySearch Wiki

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==== Taxation  ====
==== Taxation  ====
*'''1816-1838 '''[ Ohio Tax Records, 1800-1850]. FamilySearch Historical Records Collection. As of 12 Nov 2012 only partially digitalized, but on microfilm. Appears that when complete, this collection will cover Jefferson county from 1816-1838.
==== Vital Records  ====
==== Vital Records  ====

Revision as of 00:38, 13 November 2012

Hand and keyboard.jpg Ohio
Online Records

Jefferson County, Ohio
Boundary map of Jefferson County, Ohio
Map of the U.S. highlighting Ohio
Location of Ohio in the U.S.
Jefferson County, Ohio Courthouse.jpg
Address Jefferson County Courthouse
301 Market St.
Steubenville, Ohio 43952
Jefferson County Website
United StatesGotoarrow.png Ohio Gotoarrow.png Jefferson County


Historical Facts

Beginning dates for major county records
*For earlier dates, try... Church | Obituaries | Cemeteries

Boundary Changes

See an interactive map of Jefferson County boundary changes.

Record Loss


Bible Records


Business Records and Commerce



Church Records

Court Records

A wiki article describing an online collection is found at:

Ohio, Jefferson County Court Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)

Emigration and Immigration

Ethnic, Political, or Religious Groups




Local Histories

You can find many local histories within Jefferson County at, which is a website from the Public Library of Steubenville and Jefferson County, Ohio (Schiappa Branch), where they have digitized many of their collection.   This website includes library contributions from all of southeast Ohio.

You can also find much information on the Jefferson County Chapter of the Ohio Genealogical Society website at  Many of the early records of this county have been donated to the chapter, and they are in the process of housing and cataloging these collections.

You can also find much historical and genealogical information at the Jefferson County Historical Museum located at 426 Franklin Ave., Steubenville, OH 43952. Phone 740-283-1133.  Hours of operation vary due to volunteer staff, so please call ahead to make arrangements for tours and library researching.

Land and Property



  • Civil War
    Civil War service men from Morgan County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Morgan County.
- 98th Regiment, Ohio Infantry, Companies A and D

Naturalization and Citizenship


The local newspaper is "The Herald-Star" located at 401 Herald Square, Steubenville, OH  43952.  Phone (740) 283-4711.  The website is  The archive issues of this paper date to 1806, and can be accessed at the Public Library of Steubenville and Jefferson County (Schiappa Branch - Ohio Room).  They are housed on microfilm, and many issues have been indexed.  Some of these indexes are digitized online (including 1892), and others are available at the library.

Obituaries of the recently deceased (last 5-10 years) can also be accessed by visiting the websites of local funeral homes.  A few of these are listed below:

Clarke Funeral Home, Toronto -

Everhart-Bove Funeral Home -

Shorac Funeral Homes -

Mosti Funeral Home -

J.E. Foster Funeral Homes -




WIlls -  Index and Abstracts
  • Daily, Linda. Index to early wills and estates of Jefferson County, Ohio up to 1853. FHL US/CAN Book 977.1 A1 no. 676.
  • DiThomas, Mary, Will abstracts taken from will book one, 1798-1821, Jefferson County, Northwest Territory, and the State of Ohio. FHL US/CAN Book 977.1 A1 no. 269.
Wills - Images
Inventories - Index and Abstracts
  • Francy, Leila S. Inventory of estates, Jefferson County, Ohio : books I and II, 1803-1816. FHL US/CAN Book 977.169 P28i.
Inventories - Images
  • Inventory of estates, 1803-1889. See FHL catalog.
Estate Packets

Public Records



Jefferson County Courthouse
301 Market Street
Steubenville, OH 43952
Phone: 740.283.8583 

Probate Judge has marriage, probate and naturalization records,
probate and naturalization records; Clerk Court has divorce and 
court records from 1797; County Recorder has land records
from 1797; Board of Health has birth and death records[1]

Family History Centers
  • Public Library of Steubenville and Jefferson County, Ohio - Schiappa Branch Ohio Room (for genealogical research and history), 4141 Mall Drive, Steubenville, OH 43952. Phone: 740-264-6166
  • Vivian Snyder Genealogical Library, Jefferson County Historical Museum, 426 Franklin Ave., Steubenville, OH  43952.  Phone (740) 283-1133


  • 1816-1838 Ohio Tax Records, 1800-1850. FamilySearch Historical Records Collection. As of 12 Nov 2012 only partially digitalized, but on microfilm. Appears that when complete, this collection will cover Jefferson county from 1816-1838.

Vital Records


Ohio Deaths, 1908-1953 Free name indexes and images at FamilySearch. Records include such information as birth date of deceased, city, county, and state of death, name of spouse if married, names of parents, maiden name of mother, name of informant, if deceased was single, married, windowed or divorced, occupation of deceased.

Web Sites

  • USGenWeb project. May have maps, name indexes, history or other information for this county. Select the state, then the county.
  • Family History Library Catalog


Populated Places


  1. 1.0 1.1 Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), [FHL book 973 D27e 2002].
  2. Wikipedia contributors, "Jefferson County, Ohio" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia at,_Ohio (accessed 10 May 2012).