Laga Skifte Historical Maps of Sweden

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''[[Sweden|Sweden]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Historical Maps of Sweden|Historical Maps of Sweden]]'' [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Laga_Skifte_Historical_Maps_of_Sweden|Laga Skifte Historical Maps of Sweden]]  
 
''[[Sweden|Sweden]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Historical Maps of Sweden|Historical Maps of Sweden]]'' [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Laga_Skifte_Historical_Maps_of_Sweden|Laga Skifte Historical Maps of Sweden]]  
  
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[[Image:04-DUN-122 Dunker Laga skifte 1836.jpg|thumb|right|600x400px]]  
[[Image:04-DUN-122_Dunker_Laga_skifte_1836.jpg|thumb|right|600x400px|This is a Laga Skifte map of Dunker parish Sweden from 1836]]
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The Laga skifte was the next land reform. The decision was made in 1827 to do another land reform that ended both the [[Storskifte Historical Maps of Sweden|Storskifte]] and the [[Enskifte Historical Maps of Sweden|Enskifte]]. Beginning in 1828 the Laga Skifte was in effect. Although the Enskifte was ended, the Laga Skifte really can be seen as continuation and revision of the Enskifte. The only difference was that each farm would have 2 parts of arable land or meadow, and 1 part of forest. Ideally these parts would be on one lot. The process began when at least one farmer in the village requested the Laga Skifte. A lantmätare was brought in to evaluate the land and create a map of the village. Then the lantmätare worked with 2 skiftesgodemännen to come up with a solution of creating farm boundaries that met the requirements on one piece of land (as much as possible.) Another rule was that the new lot of land should produce exactly the same amount as the old farm lot. The letters assigned to the lots on the map correspond to the supporting documents. It’s generally said that the Laga Skifte broke up the old villages. But really, the Laga Skifte was just continuing the process begun with the Storskifte.  
 
The Laga skifte was the next land reform. The decision was made in 1827 to do another land reform that ended both the [[Storskifte Historical Maps of Sweden|Storskifte]] and the [[Enskifte Historical Maps of Sweden|Enskifte]]. Beginning in 1828 the Laga Skifte was in effect. Although the Enskifte was ended, the Laga Skifte really can be seen as continuation and revision of the Enskifte. The only difference was that each farm would have 2 parts of arable land or meadow, and 1 part of forest. Ideally these parts would be on one lot. The process began when at least one farmer in the village requested the Laga Skifte. A lantmätare was brought in to evaluate the land and create a map of the village. Then the lantmätare worked with 2 skiftesgodemännen to come up with a solution of creating farm boundaries that met the requirements on one piece of land (as much as possible.) Another rule was that the new lot of land should produce exactly the same amount as the old farm lot. The letters assigned to the lots on the map correspond to the supporting documents. It’s generally said that the Laga Skifte broke up the old villages. But really, the Laga Skifte was just continuing the process begun with the Storskifte.  
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=== Supporting documents  ===
 
=== Supporting documents  ===
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[[Image:Dunker_Laga_skifte_1836_docs_1,2,3.jpg|thumb|right|600x400px|These are supporting documents for the Laga Skifte of 1836 for Dunker parish Sweden.]]
  
 
The supporting documents to a Laga Skifte are the handlingar (minutes), hävdeförteckningar (owners of the lots before the Laga Skifte), and the delningsbesrkivningar.  
 
The supporting documents to a Laga Skifte are the handlingar (minutes), hävdeförteckningar (owners of the lots before the Laga Skifte), and the delningsbesrkivningar.  

Revision as of 22:55, 23 March 2013

Sweden Gotoarrow.png Historical Maps of Sweden Gotoarrow.png Laga Skifte Historical Maps of Sweden


04-DUN-122 Dunker Laga skifte 1836.jpg

The Laga skifte was the next land reform. The decision was made in 1827 to do another land reform that ended both the Storskifte and the Enskifte. Beginning in 1828 the Laga Skifte was in effect. Although the Enskifte was ended, the Laga Skifte really can be seen as continuation and revision of the Enskifte. The only difference was that each farm would have 2 parts of arable land or meadow, and 1 part of forest. Ideally these parts would be on one lot. The process began when at least one farmer in the village requested the Laga Skifte. A lantmätare was brought in to evaluate the land and create a map of the village. Then the lantmätare worked with 2 skiftesgodemännen to come up with a solution of creating farm boundaries that met the requirements on one piece of land (as much as possible.) Another rule was that the new lot of land should produce exactly the same amount as the old farm lot. The letters assigned to the lots on the map correspond to the supporting documents. It’s generally said that the Laga Skifte broke up the old villages. But really, the Laga Skifte was just continuing the process begun with the Storskifte.

Colors on the Laga Skifte Maps

According to the Laga Skifte rules, the maps were created using a color code (see table below.) The Laga Skifte also had a grade value to land that could be ploughed and improved, and land that could not be ploughed.

Type of land Color
arable light yellow or beige
meadows and unimproved land dark green
forest and pasture land light green

Supporting documents

These are supporting documents for the Laga Skifte of 1836 for Dunker parish Sweden.

The supporting documents to a Laga Skifte are the handlingar (minutes), hävdeförteckningar (owners of the lots before the Laga Skifte), and the delningsbesrkivningar.

In the lagaskiftes delningsbeskrivningar you can find descriptions of the owners that received each lot after the Laga Skifte, including a summary of the pre- and post Laga Skifte owners. They are generally very extensive. You not only see the names of the owners assigned to each lot, but information about structures and buildings that had to be moved as well. Look for corresponding letters between the maps and the supporting documents.

The protokoll is organized into sections, one for each lot that had to be moved. Within each section you will see a preamble statement listing the authority, letter references to the map, and moving instructions. The map is based on the pre-Laga Skifte structure. Just because the moving of a structure (such as a root cellar) was dictated by the Laga Skifte, does not mean that it always happened. Sometimes a compensation amount was given by the new owner and a structure was not moved. The principles of the Laga Skifte were in effect up to 1928.


References

Ångström, Karl-Ingvar and Johansson, Björn, Kart-forskning Sverige Släktforskarförbunds Handböcker 3, Svärd & Söner, Falköping, 2011

Wikipedia Community, Laga skifte, Swedish Wikipedia 2012

Gernandt, C.E., Nordisk Familjebok "Skifte af jord", Halmstad 1904 – 1926