Lancaster County, South Carolina

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''[[United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[South Carolina]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]'' '''Lancaster County'''
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'''Lancaster County, South Carolina''' genealogy and family history research guide. Introduces you to county topics such as vital record births, marriages, divorces, and deaths, census, court records, deeds, maps, immigration, maps, military records, newspapers, obituaries, plantations, probate records, slaves, local archives, libraries, museums, churches, cemeteries, and Civil War records.
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{{SCDC}}
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{{Infobox U.S. County
 
{{Infobox U.S. County
 
| county = Lancaster County
 
| county = Lancaster County
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| seat wl = Lancaster
 
| seat wl = Lancaster
 
}}  
 
}}  
 
''[[United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[South Carolina]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]'' '''Lancaster County'''
 
  
 
== Quick Dates  ==
 
== Quick Dates  ==
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Lancaster County's civil records start the following years:  
 
Lancaster County's civil records start the following years:  
  
{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1" width="100%"
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{| width="100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1"
 
|-
 
|-
| align="center" width="16.6%" | '''[[Lancaster County, South Carolina#Vital_Records|Birth]]'''  
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | '''[[Lancaster County, South Carolina#Vital_Records|Birth]]'''  
| align="center" width="16.6%" | '''[[Lancaster County, South Carolina#Vital_Records|Marriage]]'''  
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | '''[[Lancaster County, South Carolina#Vital_Records|Marriage]]'''  
| align="center" width="16.6%" | '''[[Lancaster County, South Carolina#Vital_Records|Death]]'''  
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | '''[[Lancaster County, South Carolina#Vital_Records|Death]]'''  
| align="center" width="16.6%" | '''[[Lancaster County, South Carolina#Census|Census]]'''  
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | '''[[Lancaster County, South Carolina#Census|Census]]'''  
| align="center" width="16.6%" | '''[[Lancaster County, South Carolina#Land|Land]]'''  
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | '''[[Lancaster County, South Carolina#Land|Land]]'''  
| align="center" width="16.6%" | '''[[Lancaster County, South Carolina#Probate|Probate]]'''
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | '''[[Lancaster County, South Carolina#Probate|Probate]]'''
 
|-
 
|-
| align="center" width="16.6%" |   1915  
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| width="16.6%" align="center" |   1915  
| align="center" width="16.6%" | 1898   
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | 1898   
| align="center" width="16.6%" | 1915   
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | 1915   
| align="center" width="16.6%" |  1790  
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| width="16.6%" align="center" |  1790  
| align="center" width="16.6%" | 1787   
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | 1787   
| align="center" width="16.6%" |  1821
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| width="16.6%" align="center" |  1821
 
|}
 
|}
  
 
== County Courthouse  ==
 
== County Courthouse  ==
 
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<div style="width: 147%; float: left">
 
{{SCLancasterCourthouse}}  
 
{{SCLancasterCourthouse}}  
  
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==== Boundary Changes  ====
 
==== Boundary Changes  ====
  
[http://www.mysouthcarolinagenealogy.com/sc-maps.html "Rotating Formation South Carolina County Boundary Maps"] (1682-1987) may be viewed for free at the My South Carolina Genealogy website. The maps rely on [http://www.goldbug.com/store/animap3.html AniMap 3.0] software.  
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[http://www.genealogyinc.com/south-carolina/maps/ "Rotating Formation South Carolina County Boundary Maps"] (1682-1987) may be viewed for free at the My South Carolina Genealogy website. The maps rely on [http://www.goldbug.com/store/animap3.html AniMap 3.0] software.  
  
 
==== Record Loss  ====
 
==== Record Loss  ====
  
Although marauding federal soldiers attempted to fire the courthouse, many records were saved; loose equity papers, however, seem to have perished. Moreover, most of Lancaster's probate records were destroyed when Union cavalry intercepted in open country local officials who were attempting to remove the records to safety.<ref>"South Carolina Counties with Burned Courthouses" in ''FamilyHistory101.com'' at http://www.familyhistory101.com/southcarolina.html#extinct (accessed 10 May 2011).</ref>
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Although marauding federal soldiers attempted to fire the courthouse, many records were saved; loose equity papers, however, seem to have perished. Moreover, most of Lancaster's probate records were destroyed when Union cavalry intercepted in open country local officials who were attempting to remove the records to safety.<ref>"South Carolina Counties with Burned Courthouses" in ''FamilyHistory101.com'' at http://www.genealogyinc.com/south-carolina/court-records#courthouse (accessed 10 May 2011).</ref>  
  
 
== Places/Localities  ==
 
== Places/Localities  ==
{{Lancaster County, South Carolina}}
 
The preceding list of places includes incorporated cities and towns, unincorporated towns and communities, and place names that may have been used in family histories. Some have well-organized records and even have web sites. Some are simply social communities with no official records, but which may be referenced in small-town newspapers. The list is provided to help researchers identify localities within the county. As records or histories of these localities are identified, a page will be added for each of these place names.
 
  
== Resources  ==
+
{{Lancaster County, South Carolina}} The preceding list of places includes incorporated cities and towns, unincorporated towns and communities, and place names that may have been used in family histories. Some have well-organized records and even have web sites. Some are simply social communities with no official records, but which may be referenced in small-town newspapers. The list is provided to help researchers identify localities within the county. As records or histories of these localities are identified, a page will be added for each of these place names.
  
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== Resources  ==
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[[Image:Sclancaster.jpg|thumb|right|400px]]
 
==== Research Guides  ====
 
==== Research Guides  ====
  
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*Heinegg, Paul. [http://freeafricanamericans.com/1790SCc.htm "'Other Free' Heads of Household in the 1790 South Carolina Census, by County,"] Free African Americans.com. [Includes free blacks in Lancaster County.]
 
*Heinegg, Paul. [http://freeafricanamericans.com/1790SCc.htm "'Other Free' Heads of Household in the 1790 South Carolina Census, by County,"] Free African Americans.com. [Includes free blacks in Lancaster County.]
  
Known plantations [http://south-carolina-plantations.com/lancaster/lancaster-county.html South Carolina Plantations]:
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Known plantations [http://south-carolina-plantations.com/lancaster/lancaster-county.html South Carolina Plantations]:  
  
*Clyburn - Kershaw - also called Uriah
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*Clyburn - Kershaw - also called Uriah  
*Fort Jackson
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*Fort Jackson  
*McPherson's
+
*McPherson's  
*Rose Hill
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*Rose Hill  
 
*Uriah - Kershaw - also called Clyburn
 
*Uriah - Kershaw - also called Clyburn
  
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Lancaster County has court records from 1800 that are held in the office of the [http://www.judicial.state.sc.us/clerksCourt/clerk.cfm?countyno=29 Clerk of Court.] Lancaster County was a part of the [[Camden District, South Carolina|Camden District]] from 1785 - 1800. The records of Camden District courts are housed in [[Kershaw County, South Carolina|Kershaw County]] with the [http://www.kershaw.sc.gov/Index.aspx?page=226 Clerk of Court].  
 
Lancaster County has court records from 1800 that are held in the office of the [http://www.judicial.state.sc.us/clerksCourt/clerk.cfm?countyno=29 Clerk of Court.] Lancaster County was a part of the [[Camden District, South Carolina|Camden District]] from 1785 - 1800. The records of Camden District courts are housed in [[Kershaw County, South Carolina|Kershaw County]] with the [http://www.kershaw.sc.gov/Index.aspx?page=226 Clerk of Court].  
  
The [[South Carolina Department of Archives and History|South Carolina Archives and History Center]] has [http://www.archivesindex.sc.gov/guide/CountyRecords/rg0029.htm court records] available on microfilm for Lancaster County.
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The [[South Carolina Department of Archives and History|South Carolina Archives and History Center]] has [http://www.archivesindex.sc.gov/guide/CountyRecords/rg0029.htm court records] available on microfilm for Lancaster County.  
  
The [[Family History Library]] collection includes books and microfilm regarding [https://familysearch.org/search/search/library_catalog#searchType=catalog&filtered=true&collectionId=&fed=false&page=1&catSearchType=place&searchCriteria=&placeName=South+Carolina,+Lancaster&author_givenName=&author_surname=&uri=http%3A//catalog-search-api%3A8080/www-catalogapi-webservice/search%3Fquery%3Dsubject_id%3A667600%26count%3D50&subjectId=667600 court records] for Lancaster County.
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The [[Family History Library]] collection includes books and microfilm regarding [https://familysearch.org/search/search/library_catalog#searchType=catalog&filtered=true&collectionId=&fed=false&page=1&catSearchType=place&searchCriteria=&placeName=South+Carolina,+Lancaster&author_givenName=&author_surname=&uri=http%3A//catalog-search-api%3A8080/www-catalogapi-webservice/search%3Fquery%3Dsubject_id%3A667600%26count%3D50&subjectId=667600 court records] for Lancaster County.  
  
 
==== DNA  ====
 
==== DNA  ====
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Tracing records through South Carolina county and district changes can be difficult. In general, for earliest records begin by searching the Charleston District, then your ancestor’s residential district, then neighboring districts, then the residential county, then neighboring counties. Not all districts and counties kept records. The following chart show where you may best expect to find land records for Lancaster County:  
 
Tracing records through South Carolina county and district changes can be difficult. In general, for earliest records begin by searching the Charleston District, then your ancestor’s residential district, then neighboring districts, then the residential county, then neighboring counties. Not all districts and counties kept records. The following chart show where you may best expect to find land records for Lancaster County:  
  
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<br>  
  
{| style="width: 550px; height: 75px" border="1" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" align="center"
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{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1" align="center" style="width: 550px; height: 75px"
 
|+ '''Tracing Land&nbsp;Currently in Lancaster County with&nbsp;Parent Counties and Districts''' <ref>Schweitzer, George K. , ''South Carolina Genealogical Research'' (Knoxville, Tennessee: s.p. 1985), 39-42, {{FHL|425402|item|disp=FHL book 975.7 D27s}}</ref>  
 
|+ '''Tracing Land&nbsp;Currently in Lancaster County with&nbsp;Parent Counties and Districts''' <ref>Schweitzer, George K. , ''South Carolina Genealogical Research'' (Knoxville, Tennessee: s.p. 1985), 39-42, {{FHL|425402|item|disp=FHL book 975.7 D27s}}</ref>  
 
|-
 
|-
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" height="50" valign="middle" width="16%" align="center" | Date  
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| width="16%" valign="middle" height="50" bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | Date  
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" valign="middle" width="52%" align="center" | Government Office &nbsp;
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| width="52%" valign="middle" bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | Government Office &nbsp;
 
|-
 
|-
| height="25" valign="middle" width="52%" align="center" | 1868-present  
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| width="52%" valign="middle" height="25" align="center" | 1868-present  
| height="25" valign="middle" width="16%" align="center" | ''Lancaster County (new)''
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| width="16%" valign="middle" height="25" align="center" | ''Lancaster County (new)''
 
|-
 
|-
| height="25" valign="middle" width="52%" align="center" | 1800-1868  
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| width="52%" valign="middle" height="25" align="center" | 1800-1868  
| height="25" valign="middle" width="16%" align="center" | ''Lancaster District''
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| width="16%" valign="middle" height="25" align="center" | ''Lancaster District''
 
|-
 
|-
| height="25" valign="middle" width="52%" align="center" | 1785-1791  
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| width="52%" valign="middle" height="25" align="center" | 1785-1791  
| height="25" valign="middle" width="16%" align="center" | ''Lancaster County ''(old)
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| width="16%" valign="middle" height="25" align="center" | ''Lancaster County ''(old)
 
|-
 
|-
| height="25" valign="middle" width="52%" align="center" | 1769-1785  
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| width="52%" valign="middle" height="25" align="center" | 1769-1785  
| height="25" valign="middle" width="16%" align="center" | ''Camden District'' *
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| width="16%" valign="middle" height="25" align="center" | ''Camden District'' *
 
|-
 
|-
| height="25" valign="middle" width="52%" align="center" | 1719-1769  
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| width="52%" valign="middle" height="25" align="center" | 1719-1769  
| height="25" valign="middle" width="16%" align="center" | ''Charleston District''
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| width="16%" valign="middle" height="25" align="center" | ''Charleston District''
 
|-
 
|-
| height="25" valign="middle" width="52%" align="center" | 1710-1719  
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| width="52%" valign="middle" height="25" align="center" | 1710-1719  
| height="25" valign="middle" width="16%" align="center" | ''Proprietary Land&nbsp;Grants<br>''&nbsp;
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| width="16%" valign="middle" height="25" align="center" | ''Proprietary Land&nbsp;Grants<br>''&nbsp;
 
|}
 
|}
  
<nowiki>*</nowiki> Some Camden District records are included with Kershaw County records
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<nowiki>*</nowiki> Some Camden District records are included with Kershaw County records  
  
 
&nbsp;<nowiki>**</nowiki> Some early records may be found in North Carolina  
 
&nbsp;<nowiki>**</nowiki> Some early records may be found in North Carolina  
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'''''Plats For State Land Grants 1784-1868'''''  
 
'''''Plats For State Land Grants 1784-1868'''''  
  
This series consists of recorded copies of plats for state land grants for the Charleston and&nbsp;the Columbia Series&nbsp;with their certificates of admeasurement or certification.&nbsp; All personal names and geographic features on these plats are included in the repository's [http://www.archivesindex.sc.gov/onlinearchives/Search.aspx?br=1 On-line Index to Plats for State Land Grants]<br>
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This series consists of recorded copies of plats for state land grants for the Charleston and&nbsp;the Columbia Series&nbsp;with their certificates of admeasurement or certification.&nbsp; All personal names and geographic features on these plats are included in the repository's [http://www.archivesindex.sc.gov/onlinearchives/Search.aspx?br=1 On-line Index to Plats for State Land Grants]<br>  
  
 
The South Carolina Constitution of 1790 required the surveyor general to maintain offices in both the new capital at Columbia and in Charleston. The surveyor general began to use separate volumes for recording plats in his Columbia office in 1796. Before that, all plats were recorded in the set of volumes begun in Charleston in 1784. After 1796, most plats for land grants in the Upper Division of the state were recorded and filed in Columbia. The surveyor general chose to make the Columbia volumes a continuation of the state plat volumes begun in Charleston and gave the initial Columbia volume the number thirty-six to correspond with the number of the volume that had then been reached in the Charleston series. As a result, there are volumes numbered thirty-six through forty-three from each office, but the records in them are not duplicative.  
 
The South Carolina Constitution of 1790 required the surveyor general to maintain offices in both the new capital at Columbia and in Charleston. The surveyor general began to use separate volumes for recording plats in his Columbia office in 1796. Before that, all plats were recorded in the set of volumes begun in Charleston in 1784. After 1796, most plats for land grants in the Upper Division of the state were recorded and filed in Columbia. The surveyor general chose to make the Columbia volumes a continuation of the state plat volumes begun in Charleston and gave the initial Columbia volume the number thirty-six to correspond with the number of the volume that had then been reached in the Charleston series. As a result, there are volumes numbered thirty-six through forty-three from each office, but the records in them are not duplicative.  
  
Also included are the Plan Books containing Plats and Plans.
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Also included are the Plan Books containing Plats and Plans.  
  
 
==== Local Histories  ====
 
==== Local Histories  ====
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Civil War service men from Lancaster County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were formed in Lancaster County or from many of its men.  
 
Civil War service men from Lancaster County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were formed in Lancaster County or from many of its men.  
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:- [[1st Regiment, South Carolina Artillery|1st Regiment, South Carolina Artillery]]
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::- Company K
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:- [[1st Regiment, South Carolina Infantry (Butler's) (1st Regulars)|1st Regiment, South Carolina Infantry (Butler's) (1st Regulars)]]
 +
::- Company A - (also called Company B and [http://corktree.tripod.com/South_Carolina_Artillery_Units_in_the_War_of_the_Rebellion Beauregard Artillery])
 +
 +
:- [[1st Regiment, South Carolina Infantry (Hagood's)|1st Regiment, South Carolina Infantry (Hagood's)]]
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::- 2nd Company D - ( also known as the Waxhaw Guards)
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:- [[2nd Regiment, South Carolina Cavalry|2nd Regiment, South Carolina Cavalry]]
 +
::- Company F (also known as the Easley's Cavalry)
  
 
:- [[2nd Regiment, South Carolina Infantry (2nd Palmetto Regiment)|2nd Regiment, South Carolina Infantry (2nd Palmetto Regiment)]]  
 
:- [[2nd Regiment, South Carolina Infantry (2nd Palmetto Regiment)|2nd Regiment, South Carolina Infantry (2nd Palmetto Regiment)]]  
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{{RAOGKobituary}}  
 
{{RAOGKobituary}}  
 
<br>
 
 
<br>
 
 
<br>
 
 
<br>
 
  
 
'''Historic'''  
 
'''Historic'''  
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*[http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn88084006/ ''The Lancaster Review'']&nbsp;(Lancaster, S.C.) 1880-1905.
 
*[http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn88084006/ ''The Lancaster Review'']&nbsp;(Lancaster, S.C.) 1880-1905.
  
'''Current'''
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'''Current'''  
  
 
*[http://www.thelancasternews.com/ The Lancaster News] (Lancaster, S.C.) Online edition.
 
*[http://www.thelancasternews.com/ The Lancaster News] (Lancaster, S.C.) Online edition.
 
<br>
 
  
 
==== Periodicals  ====
 
==== Periodicals  ====
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The [[South Carolina Department of Archives and History]] has microfilms or typescripts of wills, inventories, bills of sale, power of attorneys, bonds, notes, administrations, judgments, and sales records. They have placed [http://www.archivesindex.sc.gov/onlinearchives/search.aspx Will Transcriptions] for 1782 to 1855 online. Index searchable by name and the image is available. <br>  
 
The [[South Carolina Department of Archives and History]] has microfilms or typescripts of wills, inventories, bills of sale, power of attorneys, bonds, notes, administrations, judgments, and sales records. They have placed [http://www.archivesindex.sc.gov/onlinearchives/search.aspx Will Transcriptions] for 1782 to 1855 online. Index searchable by name and the image is available. <br>  
  
Probate records of Lancaster County exist in the county probate court, the court of ordinary, and the court of equity. Court of equity records include testimonial evidence relative to last wills and testaments. Estate records of the probate court for Lancaster County, 1865-1950, have been microfilmed. {{FHL|969566|item|disp=FHL Film 2168847}}
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Probate records of Lancaster County exist in the county probate court, the court of ordinary, and the court of equity. Court of equity records include testimonial evidence relative to last wills and testaments. Estate records of the probate court for Lancaster County, 1865-1950, have been microfilmed. {{FHL|969566|item|disp=FHL Film 2168847}}  
  
 
==== Taxation  ====
 
==== Taxation  ====
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== Family History Centers  ==
 
== Family History Centers  ==
  
*[[Introduction to LDS Family History Centers]]
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*[[Introduction to LDS Family History Centers]]  
 
*[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhc/frameset_fhc.asp Family History Centers in South Carolina]
 
*[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhc/frameset_fhc.asp Family History Centers in South Carolina]
  
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<references />{{South Carolina|South Carolina}}  
 
<references />{{South Carolina|South Carolina}}  
 
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</div>{{-}}
 
[[Category:Lancaster_County,_South_Carolina]]
 
[[Category:Lancaster_County,_South_Carolina]]

Revision as of 21:50, 1 February 2013

United States Gotoarrow.png South Carolina Gotoarrow.png Lancaster County

Lancaster County, South Carolina genealogy and family history research guide. Introduces you to county topics such as vital record births, marriages, divorces, and deaths, census, court records, deeds, maps, immigration, maps, military records, newspapers, obituaries, plantations, probate records, slaves, local archives, libraries, museums, churches, cemeteries, and Civil War records.

link=http://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/South Carolina_Online_Genealogy_Records South Carolina
Online Records

Coordinates: 34.69°0′N 80.7°0′W / 34.69°N 80.7°W / 34.69; -80.7

Lancaster County, South Carolina
Map
Map of South Carolina highlighting Lancaster County
Location in the state of South Carolina
Map of the U.S. highlighting South Carolina
Location of South Carolina in the U.S.
Facts
Founded 1798
County Seat Lancaster
Courthouse

Contents

Quick Dates

Lancaster County's civil records start the following years:

Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate
  1915 1898  1915   1790 1787   1821

County Courthouse

Lancaster County Courthouse.jpg

Lancaster County Courthouse
104 N. Main St.
Lancaster, SC 29721

Clerk of Court
3888 Chester Highway
Lancaster, SC 29720
Phone: 803-285-1581
Court records

Probate Court
101 North Main St., Room 121
Lancaster, SC 29720
Phone: 803-283-3379
Probate and marriage records

Register of Deeds
101 North Main Street
Lancaster, SC 29720
Phone: 803-416-9440
Land records

Hours:
8:30 a.m. - 5 p.m. Monday - Friday

History

The county is named after Lancaster County, Pennsylvania.[1]

Parent County

1798--Lancaster County was created in 1798 from Camden District.
County seat:  Lancaster [2]

County Pronunciation

  1. Hear it spoken[3]

Boundary Changes

"Rotating Formation South Carolina County Boundary Maps" (1682-1987) may be viewed for free at the My South Carolina Genealogy website. The maps rely on AniMap 3.0 software.

Record Loss

Although marauding federal soldiers attempted to fire the courthouse, many records were saved; loose equity papers, however, seem to have perished. Moreover, most of Lancaster's probate records were destroyed when Union cavalry intercepted in open country local officials who were attempting to remove the records to safety.[4]

Places/Localities

The preceding list of places includes incorporated cities and towns, unincorporated towns and communities, and place names that may have been used in family histories. Some have well-organized records and even have web sites. Some are simply social communities with no official records, but which may be referenced in small-town newspapers. The list is provided to help researchers identify localities within the county. As records or histories of these localities are identified, a page will be added for each of these place names.

Resources

Sclancaster.jpg

Research Guides

African Americans

United States African Americans Gotoarrow.png South Carolina African Americans

Known plantations South Carolina Plantations:

  • Clyburn - Kershaw - also called Uriah
  • Fort Jackson
  • McPherson's
  • Rose Hill
  • Uriah - Kershaw - also called Clyburn

Cemeteries

There are more than # burial grounds in the county. To view a list, see Lancaster County, South Carolina Cemeteries.

Census

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1790 6,302
1800 6,012 −4.6%
1810 6,318 5.1%
1820 8,716 38.0%
1830 10,361 18.9%
1840 9,907 −4.4%
1850 10,988 10.9%
1860 11,797 7.4%
1870 12,087 2.5%
1880 16,903 39.8%
1890 20,761 22.8%
1900 24,311 17.1%
1910 26,650 9.6%
1920 28,628 7.4%
1930 27,980 −2.3%
1940 33,542 19.9%
1950 37,071 10.5%
1960 39,352 6.2%
1970 43,328 10.1%
1980 53,361 23.2%
1990 54,516 2.2%
2000 61,351 12.5%
Source: "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau.

1800, 1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880, 1900, 1910, 1920, and 1930 federal population schedules of Lancaster County are available online. For tips on accessing census records online, see South Carolina Census. If you're having trouble finding your ancestors in online indexes, try checking printed indexes. Created by local experts familiar with the area's families, these indexes are often transcribed more accurately than online nationwide indexes.

See South Carolina Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book for more information about statewide printed indexes.

See Lancaster County, SC census assignments, including links to transcribed files [The USGenWeb Census Project®]

1810
  • Small, Otha Burris. 1810 Lancaster County, South Carolina Census. Monroe, N.C.: O.B. Small, [199-?]. FHL Collection 975.745 X2s 1810
1820
  • 1820 Lancaster County, South Carolina Census. FHL Collection 975.745 X2L 1820
1820 Manufactures

The original manufactures schedules for South Carolina are kept at the NARA, Washington, D.C. FHL copies: FHL Collection 1024517 - 1024518.

Published abstract:

  • National Archives. Indexes to Manufactures Census of 1820. 1920; reprint, Knightstown, Ind.: Bookmark, 1977. FHL Collection 973 X2m 1820; digital version at Lineages. [Includes this county.]
1840 Revolutionary War Pensioners
  • A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services: With their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshalls of the Several Judicial Districts, Under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census. Washington, D.C.: Blair and Rives, 1841. FHL Collection 973 X2pc 1840; FHL Collection 2321; digital version at Google Books. [See South Carolina, Lancaster District on page 144.]
1850
  • Jeffcoat, Frances Reeves. Lancaster District, 1850 Census from the Seventh Census of the United States: Original Return of the Assistant Marshal, First Series, White and Colored Population, 30 June 1850, Ended 10 November 1850, K.G. Billings, Assistant Marshal. Columbia, S.C.: F.R. Jeffcoat, 1984. FHL Collection 975.745 X2j 1850
1860
  • Small, Otha Burris. 1860 Census of Lancaster County, South Carolina. FHL Collection 975.745 X2s 1860
1870
  • Small, Otha Burris. 1870 Census of Lancaster County, South Carolina. Monroe, N.C.: O.B. Small, 1991. FHL Collection 975.745 X2s 1870
1880
  • Small, Otha Burris. 1880 Census, Lancaster County, South Carolina. FHL Collection 975.745 X2s 1880

Church

The Inventory of (SC) Church Archives 1937-1939 is available for free online, courtesy: South Caroliniana Library. Lancaster County's W.P.A. reports are included.

Court

Lancaster County has court records from 1800 that are held in the office of the Clerk of Court. Lancaster County was a part of the Camden District from 1785 - 1800. The records of Camden District courts are housed in Kershaw County with the Clerk of Court.

The South Carolina Archives and History Center has court records available on microfilm for Lancaster County.

The Family History Library collection includes books and microfilm regarding court records for Lancaster County.

DNA

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DNA has been collected from men claiming descent from the following Lancaster County residents. FamilySearch has not independently verified the lineages of those tested.

Genealogy

More than 10 genealogies have been published about Lancaster County families. To view a list, visit Lancaster County, South Carolina Genealogy.

Land

Because of South Carolina’s history as an agricultural state many residents owned land. For more information about types of land records see South Carolina Land and Property.

Tracing records through South Carolina county and district changes can be difficult. In general, for earliest records begin by searching the Charleston District, then your ancestor’s residential district, then neighboring districts, then the residential county, then neighboring counties. Not all districts and counties kept records. The following chart show where you may best expect to find land records for Lancaster County:


Tracing Land Currently in Lancaster County with Parent Counties and Districts [5]
Date Government Office  
1868-present Lancaster County (new)
1800-1868 Lancaster District
1785-1791 Lancaster County (old)
1769-1785 Camden District *
1719-1769 Charleston District
1710-1719 Proprietary Land Grants
 

* Some Camden District records are included with Kershaw County records

 ** Some early records may be found in North Carolina

Plats For State Land Grants 1784-1868

This series consists of recorded copies of plats for state land grants for the Charleston and the Columbia Series with their certificates of admeasurement or certification.  All personal names and geographic features on these plats are included in the repository's On-line Index to Plats for State Land Grants

The South Carolina Constitution of 1790 required the surveyor general to maintain offices in both the new capital at Columbia and in Charleston. The surveyor general began to use separate volumes for recording plats in his Columbia office in 1796. Before that, all plats were recorded in the set of volumes begun in Charleston in 1784. After 1796, most plats for land grants in the Upper Division of the state were recorded and filed in Columbia. The surveyor general chose to make the Columbia volumes a continuation of the state plat volumes begun in Charleston and gave the initial Columbia volume the number thirty-six to correspond with the number of the volume that had then been reached in the Charleston series. As a result, there are volumes numbered thirty-six through forty-three from each office, but the records in them are not duplicative.

Also included are the Plan Books containing Plats and Plans.

Local Histories

  • Gardner, Miles. Further Tales of Murder and Mayhem : in Lancaster, Kershaw, and Chesterfield Counties  (Spartanburg, South Carolina : Reprint Company Publishers, c2006), 296 pages. Book at FHL 975.7 H2gm and Other Libraries.

Maps

Migration

Early migration routes to and from Lancaster County for European settlers included:[6]

Military

General
  • "Gay Street Pres. church cem. veteran burials," Catawba-Wateree Messenger, September 2002, Volume 15, Issue 8. Catawba Wateree Genealogical Society : St. Camden, SC.
  • "Veterans buried, Old Presbyterian cemetery," Lancaster County Society of Historical Preservation Newsletter, November 1987. Lancaster County Society of Historical Preservation : Lancaster, SC.
Revolutionary War
  • "Massacre at Waxhaws, 1780," St. Lucie River Whig, Winter 2004, Volume 13, Issue 1. St. Lucie River Chapter : St. Lucie, Florida.
  • "Revolutionary War Pensioners, 1841," Carolinas Genealogical Society Bulletin, November 1965, Volume 2, Issue 3. Carolinas Genealogical Society : Monroe, NC.FHL Collection Book 975 B2c.
War of 1812
  • List of Pensioners on the Roll, January 1, 1883; Giving the Name of Each Pensioner, the Cause for Why Pensioned, the Post-Office Address, the Rate of Pension Per Month, and the Date of Original Allowance... Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1883. FHL Collection 973 M2Lp v. 5; digital versions at Google Books and Internet Archive. [See Vol. 5, South Carolina, Lancaster County, p. 186. Identifies War of 1812 veterans living in this county in 1883.]
Civil War

Civil War service men from Lancaster County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were formed in Lancaster County or from many of its men.

- 1st Regiment, South Carolina Artillery
- Company K
- 1st Regiment, South Carolina Infantry (Butler's) (1st Regulars)
- Company A - (also called Company B and Beauregard Artillery)
- 1st Regiment, South Carolina Infantry (Hagood's)
- 2nd Company D - ( also known as the Waxhaw Guards)
- 2nd Regiment, South Carolina Cavalry
- Company F (also known as the Easley's Cavalry)
- 2nd Regiment, South Carolina Infantry (2nd Palmetto Regiment)
- Company H (also known as Lancaster Invincibles)
- 4th Regiment, South Carolina State Troops
- Company B
- 4th Regiment, South Carolina Cavalry (Rutledge's)
- Company A (may have been known as Charleston Light Dragoons)
- Company H (also known as the Catawba Rangers)
- 5th Battalion, South Carolina Reserves (Brown's)
- Company E
- 5th Regiment, South Carolina Infantry
- Company A
- Company B
- 7th Battalion, South Carolina Infantry (Nelson's) (Enfield Rifles)
- Company A
- Company E
- Company G
- 8th Regiment, South Carolina Reserves,
- 9th Regiment, South Carolina Infantry,
- Company A
- 10th Battalion, South Carolina Cavalry
- Company D
Before Reorgination the 10th Battalion, South Carolina Cavalry had the following companies
- Company A
- 12th Regiment, South Carolina Infantry,
- Company E
- Company I
- 17th Regiment, South Carolina Infantry,
- Company I


  • Jeffcoat, Frances Reeves.  South Carolina. Dept. of Archives and History.. Confederate Records, Lancaster District, South Carolina : Gleaned from South Carolina Department of Archives and History and the Lancaster Ledger   (Columbia, S.C. : F.R. Jeffcoat, ©1986.), 232 pages. "The base of the whole collection is taken from the "Lancaster Ledger," the newspaper serving the Lancaster District during the war. The rolls were taken from the "Confederate Rolls" in the archives in Columbia, S.C, old newspapers and a manuscript.... . The manuscript is believed to be those Confederate War Records of Lancaster District compiled by Mrs. Lottie B. Foster in 1902"--Pref., 3rd prelim.  Book found at FHL 975.745 M2j and Other Libraries.
  • South Carolina. County Court (Lancaster County). Confederate Veteran Enrollment Book. ( Salt Lake City, Utah : Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1956). Arranged by surname in alphabetical order. Microfilm copy at FHL 24069

Newspapers

 

Historic

The Library of Congress has identified the following historic newspapers for Lancaster County, South Carolina on their Chronicling America website. For publication details, including dates of publication, frequency, preceding and succeeding titles, and to find out which libraries have holdings, click on the newspaper title.

Current

Periodicals

Tap into the minds of local experts. Editors of genealogical periodicals publish unique sources that researchers new to their area may not encounter. Periodicals at various levels (county, region, and state) may carry articles useful to research in this area. For this county, see:

  • Carolinas Genealogical Society Bulletin
  • Catawba-Wateree Messenger  (Family History Library book 975.761 D25c .)

Probate

Probate is the “court procedure by which a will is proved to be valid or invalid” and encompasses “all matters and proceedings pertaining to the administration of estates, guardianships, etc.”[7] Various types of records are created throughout the probate process. These may include, wills, bonds, petitions, accounts, inventories, administrations, orders, decrees, and distributions. For further information see probate records in South Carolina.

The South Carolina Department of Archives and History has microfilms or typescripts of wills, inventories, bills of sale, power of attorneys, bonds, notes, administrations, judgments, and sales records. They have placed Will Transcriptions for 1782 to 1855 online. Index searchable by name and the image is available.

Probate records of Lancaster County exist in the county probate court, the court of ordinary, and the court of equity. Court of equity records include testimonial evidence relative to last wills and testaments. Estate records of the probate court for Lancaster County, 1865-1950, have been microfilmed. FHL Film 2168847

Taxation

Tax-related records are kept by the offices of the county Assessor, Auditor, Sheriff, and Treasurer. Taxes were levied on real and personal property and can help establish ages, residences, relationships, and the year an individual died or left the area. They can be used as substitutes for missing or destroyed land and census records.

Vital Records

Birth, marriage, and death records were not recorded by South Carolina until the 1900s, thus leaving a lack of vital records. Substitute records, when available, are used to obtain this information. These substitute records including newspapers, court records have been added to this section, when applicable.

Birth

State-wide birth registration began in 1915.  For a copy of a birth from 1915 or later, contact the South Carolina Department of Health.  The Lancaster County Health Department also has copies but they provide only an abbreviated form with limited information.  For more information, see the South Carolina Vital Records page.

Marriage

In South Carolina, marriage licenses were not required by local governments until 1 July 1911. However, in the 1700s, the Church of England parish churches were required to record all marriages - even if the couple were not members of the denomination. Not all churches recorded these marriages and some have not survived. See South Carolina Vital Records for more information.

The Lancaster County probate court holds marriage licenses issued from 1 July 1911 to the present. Statewide registration of marriages began in July 1950 and the South Carolina Division of Vital Records has copies of licenses issued after 1 July 1950 through November 2009.

Newspapers are used as a substitute to locate marriage information.  See South Carolina Newspapers.

Marriages and Marriage Substitutes - Indexes and Records

  • 1852-1894 - Items of Interest from the Lancaster Ledger, Lancaster, South Carolina by Catherine Fussell Wells [8] FHL Collection WorldCat - index
  • 1898-1951 - Lancaster County, South Carolina Marriage Registers, ca. 1898-1951 [9] FHL Collection - records
  • 1898-1955 - Lancaster County, South Carolina Marriage Licenses, 1911-1950; Proofs of Marriage, 1898-1955; Unused Marriage License Affidavits (with names), 1911-1921 [10] FHL Collection - index and records
  • 1913-1920 - Kershaw, South Carolina and Surrounding Area: Abstracts from the Kershaw Era and the Camden Chronicle, 1913-1920 by Carol P. McNaughton [11] FHL Collection WorldCat - index
  • There are several online marriage indexes containing miscellaneous marriage records found in  some counties of South Carolina listed on the South Carolina Vital Records page.
Death

State-wide death registration began in 1915.  For a copy of the death certificates from 1915 or later, contact the South Carolina Department of Health. The Lancaster County Health Department only has copies for deaths occurring in the last 5 years.  For more information, see the South Carolina Vital Records page.

Deaths and Death Substitutes - Indexes and Records

  • 1852-1894 - Items of Interest from the Lancaster Ledger, Lancaster, South Carolina by Catherine Fussell Wells [12] FHL Collection WorldCat - index
  • 1913-1920 - Kershaw, South Carolina and Surrounding Area: Abstracts from the Kershaw Era and the Camden Chronicle, 1913-1920 by Carol P. McNaughton [13] FHL Collection WorldCat - index
  • 1914-1960 - State-wide South Carolina Death Indexes. There are several online death indexes covering all of South Carolina listed on the South Carolina Vital Records page.

Archives, Libraries, and Museums

Societies - Genealogical, Historical, Lineage 

Family History Centers

Web Sites

Wikipedia
Wikipedia has more about this subject: Lancaster County, South Carolina

References

  1. "List of counties in South Carolina," Wikipedia.
  2. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  3. Voice of Phillip Stalvey, resident of Myrtle Beach, S.C. (2011).
  4. "South Carolina Counties with Burned Courthouses" in FamilyHistory101.com at http://www.genealogyinc.com/south-carolina/court-records#courthouse (accessed 10 May 2011).
  5. Schweitzer, George K. , South Carolina Genealogical Research (Knoxville, Tennessee: s.p. 1985), 39-42, FHL book 975.7 D27s
  6. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 847-61. (FHL Book 973 D27e 2002) WorldCat entry., and William E. Myer, Indian Trails of the Southeast. (Nashville, Tenn.: Blue and Gray Press, 1971), 12-14, and the book's pocket map "The Trail System of the Southeastern United States in the early Colonial Period" (1923). (FHL Book 970.1 M992i) WorldCat entry.
  7. Henry Campbell Black, Black's Law Dictionary, 5th ed. (St. Paul, Minnesota: West Publishing Co., 1979), 1081, "probate."
  8. Wells, Catherine Fussell, Items of Interest from the Lancaster Ledger, Lancaster, South Carolina, Valdosta, GA: Wells Gen-Search, c2004.
  9. South Carolina. Probate Court (Lancaster County), Lancaster County, South Carolina Marriage Registers, ca. 1898-1951, Salt Lake City, UT: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 2000.
  10. South Carolina. Probate Court (Lancaster County),Lancaster County, South Carolina Marriage Licenses, 1911-1950; Proofs of Marriage, 1898-1955; Unused Marriage License Affidavits (With Names), 1911-1921Salt Lake City, UT: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1999.
  11. McNaughton, Carol P., Kershaw, South Carolina and Surrounding Area: Abstracts from the Kershaw Era and the Camden Chronicle, 1913-1920, Kershaw, SC: C.P. McNaughton, 2001.
  12. Wells, Catherine Fussell, Items of Interest from the Lancaster Ledger, Lancaster, South Carolina, Valdosta, GA: Wells Gen-Search, c2004.
  13. McNaughton, Carol P., Kershaw, South Carolina and Surrounding Area: Abstracts from the Kershaw Era and the Camden Chronicle, 1913-1920, Kershaw, SC: C.P. McNaughton, 2001.