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Becoming of age refers to the age when a person is given independet legal status and is granted specifiec privileges and responsibilities. In the past women and men did not share the same status. This had an effect on the records of Sweden.

Contents


Unmarried Women

In the middle ages the daughter received an inheritance only if there were no sons. Birger Jarl (around 1250 A.D.) wrote the first law giving daughters in Sweden the right to inheritance but the law gave them only half the amount that sons would receive.

According to the Law of 1734, an unmarried woman in order to marry had to have consent from her legal guardian (förmyndare) who acted as her sponsor (giftoman). As a rule it was her father or if he wasn’t living, then her oldest brother. While unmarried the woman was under her father or another legal guardian and then after marriage her husband became her guardian. A woman only became “of age” as a widow but if she remarried she lost again that status. This was the case until 1856. The necessity of having a “giftoman” at the time of marriage was done away in 1870. From the year 1856 an unmarried woman age 25 or older, could become “of age” after approval by the local court. From 1858 such an application was automatically approved for a woman aged at least 25. After 1863 an application was no longer needed and unmarried women became of age automatically at the age of 25. In 1884 the age for “being of age” was lowered to 21 which was the same age as for men. In 1969 the age requirement was lowered to 20 and then again in 1974 it was lowered to 18.

Married women

In 1874 married women received the opportunity by law to manage their own private property and control their own wages. Prior to this the husband could dispose of all her belongings as he saw fit. If she owned a farm he became the legal owner when they married.

Men

In very early days a man was considered to have become of age at 15. In 1721 the age was set at 21 and remained so until 1969 when it was lowered to 20 (men and all women). In 1974 it was again lowered to 18 (men and all women).

References

Clemensson, Per and Andersson, Kjell. Släktforska steg för steg. Falköping, Natur och Kultur/Fakta, 2005
Johansson, Carl-Erik. Cradled in Sweden. Everton Publishers, Inc. Logan, Ut. 1995.

SweGGate StarGuide – Swedish dictionary: “Jurdik”. Appendices. See http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~swewgw/Fact/Dict/facdic_jur_app01.htm  

Bengans historiasidor. Bjälboätten Vol. IV. Birger Magnusson – den siste jarlen. See http://wadbring.com/historia/sidor/birgerj.htm  


 

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