Lenham, Kent Genealogy

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[[England]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[Kent]]  
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[[England]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[Kent]] [[England]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[Kent Parishes]]  
  
[[Image:Lenham_St_Mary_Kent.jpg|thumb|right|Lenham St Mary]]
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[[Image:Lenham St Mary Kent.jpg|thumb|right]]  
  
 
== Parish History  ==
 
== Parish History  ==
  
Lenham is a market village and civil parish in the Maidstone district of Kent, see [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lenham+ Lenham Wikipedia]<br>
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LENHAM (St. Mary), a '''parish''', in the union of Hollingbourne, hundred of Eyhorne, lathe of Aylesford, W. division of Kent, 10 miles (E. by S.) from Maidstone.<ref>Lewis, Samuel A., [http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=51104#s1 ''A Topographical Dictionary of England''](1848), pp. 68-74</ref>
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<br> Lenham is a market village and civil parish in the Maidstone district of Kent, see [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lenham+ Lenham Wikipedia]<br>  
  
 
Lenham St Mary is an Ancient Parish in the Diocese of Canterbury which included Lenham Heath and Sandway. A Map of the Parish boundary may be found at [http://www.achurchnearyou.com/lenham-st-mary/+ A church near you]<br>  
 
Lenham St Mary is an Ancient Parish in the Diocese of Canterbury which included Lenham Heath and Sandway. A Map of the Parish boundary may be found at [http://www.achurchnearyou.com/lenham-st-mary/+ A church near you]<br>  
  
The church of St Mary has been designated as a grade I listed building [http://www.britishlistedbuildings.co.uk/en-173866-church-of-st-mary-lenham+ British listed building]<br>
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The church of St Mary has been designated as a grade I listed building [http://www.britishlistedbuildings.co.uk/en-173866-church-of-st-mary-lenham+ British listed building]<br>  
  
 
The 14th century church is the rebuilt version of the former church destroyed by fire,described in 1942 by SPB Mais as 'a spacious Decorated medieval church with fine oak door, superbly carved Jacobean oak pulpit, stone armchair, ancient communion cup, and specially attractive pews.' It is the burial place of Mary Honeywood, who dying aged 93 left 367 descendants. Her courage in visiting martyrs during the reign of Mary Tudor features in 'The Book of Martyrs' by John Foxe (1516-1587). <br>  
 
The 14th century church is the rebuilt version of the former church destroyed by fire,described in 1942 by SPB Mais as 'a spacious Decorated medieval church with fine oak door, superbly carved Jacobean oak pulpit, stone armchair, ancient communion cup, and specially attractive pews.' It is the burial place of Mary Honeywood, who dying aged 93 left 367 descendants. Her courage in visiting martyrs during the reign of Mary Tudor features in 'The Book of Martyrs' by John Foxe (1516-1587). <br>  
  
See Edward Hasted The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent: Volume 5 (1798), pp. 415-445 [http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=62922+ at Bristish History Online] and [http://www.kentchurches.info/church.asp?p=Lenham+ Kent Churches website]<br>
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See Edward Hasted The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent: Volume 5 (1798), pp. 415-445 [http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=62922+ at Bristish History Online] and [http://www.kentchurches.info/church.asp?p=Lenham+ Kent Churches website]<br>  
  
 
Mentioned in the Domesday Survey, Lenham market dates back to 1088, when the village was an important crossroad settlement. Technically the fact that Lenham is allowed a market, makes it a town but the community have always desired to maintain its village status.  
 
Mentioned in the Domesday Survey, Lenham market dates back to 1088, when the village was an important crossroad settlement. Technically the fact that Lenham is allowed a market, makes it a town but the community have always desired to maintain its village status.  
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The Pilgrims' Way/North Downs Way passes just to the north of Lenham, higher up on the 'downs' and it features a war memorial of a 200-foot chalk cross carved into the scarp slope of the downs. First constructed in 1922, to remember those who fell in the Great War, and fully restored in 1994, the cross now commemorates the dead of both world wars. To avoid its use as a navigation aid by the Luftwaffe, the cross was filled in between 1939 and May 1945.  
 
The Pilgrims' Way/North Downs Way passes just to the north of Lenham, higher up on the 'downs' and it features a war memorial of a 200-foot chalk cross carved into the scarp slope of the downs. First constructed in 1922, to remember those who fell in the Great War, and fully restored in 1994, the cross now commemorates the dead of both world wars. To avoid its use as a navigation aid by the Luftwaffe, the cross was filled in between 1939 and May 1945.  
  
<br>
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<br>  
  
 
== Resources  ==
 
== Resources  ==
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==== Civil Registration  ====
 
==== Civil Registration  ====
  
This parish was in the Hollingbourne registration district See [http://www.ukbmd.org.uk/genuki/reg/districts/maidstone.html+ Maidstone Registration District]
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This parish was in the Hollingbourne registration district See [http://www.ukbmd.org.uk/genuki/reg/districts/maidstone.html+ Maidstone Registration District]  
  
 
Kent County Council (KCC) has a certificate centre at the Mansion House in Tunbridge Wells which holds all the completed registers for Kent since 1 July 1837 and can supply a certified copy of any Kent birth, death or marriage entry from any register within its custody or a Kent civil partnership registration from the government online database.  
 
Kent County Council (KCC) has a certificate centre at the Mansion House in Tunbridge Wells which holds all the completed registers for Kent since 1 July 1837 and can supply a certified copy of any Kent birth, death or marriage entry from any register within its custody or a Kent civil partnership registration from the government online database.  
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The Mansion House<br>(Certificate Centre)<br>Grove Hill Road<br>Tunbridge Wells<br>Kent TN1 1EP <br>  
 
The Mansion House<br>(Certificate Centre)<br>Grove Hill Road<br>Tunbridge Wells<br>Kent TN1 1EP <br>  
  
Birth, marriages and deaths were kept by the government, from July 1837 to the present day. The [[England Civil Registration|civil registration]] article tells more about these records. There are several Internet sites with name lists or indexes. A popular site is [http://freebmd.org.uk/ FreeBMD].
+
Birth, marriages and deaths were kept by the government, from July 1837 to the present day. The [[England Civil Registration|civil registration]] article tells more about these records. There are several Internet sites with name lists or indexes. A popular site is [http://freebmd.org.uk/ FreeBMD].  
  
 
==== Church records  ====
 
==== Church records  ====
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<br>Images for Lenham available at FamilySearch Records see [[England, Kent, Land Tax Assessments (FamilySearch Historical Records)]] 1780-1832 appear to be 1987 microfilming at Kent Archives reference Q/RPL/217-218 which the Family History Library describes as "Land tax assessments for upper and lower Lenham, 1780-1832" Examination of this bundle at Centre for Kentish Studies shows that Upper Lenham is the western part of the parish associated in tax returns with a part of Aylesford, Lower Lenham is less clearly defined. Edward Hasted helpfully describes the extensive parish in terms of division between the western part in "lath of Aylesford, hundred of Eyhorne" and eastern or East Lenham in "lath of Shipway in the hundred of Calehill"  
 
<br>Images for Lenham available at FamilySearch Records see [[England, Kent, Land Tax Assessments (FamilySearch Historical Records)]] 1780-1832 appear to be 1987 microfilming at Kent Archives reference Q/RPL/217-218 which the Family History Library describes as "Land tax assessments for upper and lower Lenham, 1780-1832" Examination of this bundle at Centre for Kentish Studies shows that Upper Lenham is the western part of the parish associated in tax returns with a part of Aylesford, Lower Lenham is less clearly defined. Edward Hasted helpfully describes the extensive parish in terms of division between the western part in "lath of Aylesford, hundred of Eyhorne" and eastern or East Lenham in "lath of Shipway in the hundred of Calehill"  
  
The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent: Volume 5 (1798), pp. 415-445 [http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=62922+ at British History Online]<br>
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The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent: Volume 5 (1798), pp. 415-445 [http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=62922+ at British History Online]<br>  
  
<br>
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<br>  
  
 
==== Census records  ====
 
==== Census records  ====
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[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/show?uri=http%3A%2F%2Fcatalog-search-api%3A8080%2Fwww-catalogapi-webservice%2Fitem%2F509579+ Census returns for Lenham 1841-1891]  
 
[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/show?uri=http%3A%2F%2Fcatalog-search-api%3A8080%2Fwww-catalogapi-webservice%2Fitem%2F509579+ Census returns for Lenham 1841-1891]  
  
FamilySearch Records includes collections of census indexes which can be searched online for free. In addition FamilySearch Centres offer free access to images of the England and Wales Census through [http://fhc.familysearch.org/ '''FHC Portal:'''] Computers here have access to the Family History Centre Portal page which gives free access to premium family history software and websites that generally charge for subscriptions.
+
FamilySearch Records includes collections of census indexes which can be searched online for free. In addition FamilySearch Centres offer free access to images of the England and Wales Census through [http://fhc.familysearch.org/ '''FHC Portal:'''] Computers here have access to the Family History Centre Portal page which gives free access to premium family history software and websites that generally charge for subscriptions.  
  
[https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/Category:England_Family_History_Centres] to locate local Family History Centres in UK
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[https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/Category:England_Family_History_Centres] to locate local Family History Centres in UK  
  
 
[https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/Introduction_to_LDS_Family_History_Centers] to locate outside UK. Many archives and local history collections in public libraries in England and Wales offer online census searches and also hold microfilm or fiche census returns.  
 
[https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/Introduction_to_LDS_Family_History_Centers] to locate outside UK. Many archives and local history collections in public libraries in England and Wales offer online census searches and also hold microfilm or fiche census returns.  
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[http://www.findmypast.co.uk/content/search-menu/census-land-and-surveys+ Find my Past census search 1841-1901]  
 
[http://www.findmypast.co.uk/content/search-menu/census-land-and-surveys+ Find my Past census search 1841-1901]  
  
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<br>
  
 
Prior to the 1911 census the household schedule was destroyed and only the enumerator's schedule survives.  
 
Prior to the 1911 census the household schedule was destroyed and only the enumerator's schedule survives.  
  
The 1911 census of England and Wales was taken on the night of Sunday 2 April 1911 and in addition to households and institutions such as prisons and workhouses, canal boats merchant ships and naval vessels it attempted to include homeless persons. The schedule was completed by an individual and for the first time both this record and the enumerator's schedule were preserved. Two forms of boycott of the census by women are possible due to frustration at government failure to grant women the universal right to vote in parliamentary and local elections. The schedule either records a protest by failure to complete the form in respect of the women in the household or women are absent due to organisation of groups of women staying away from home for the whole night. Research estimates that several thousand women are not found by census search. [http://www.findmypast.co.uk/search/census/1911/person?ukwid=394505&amp;sourceid=1&amp;utm_source=Google+FMP+Main_CPC&amp;utm_medium=Key+Keywords&amp;utm_campaign=1911+census+ Find my Past 1911 census search]<br>
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The 1911 census of England and Wales was taken on the night of Sunday 2 April 1911 and in addition to households and institutions such as prisons and workhouses, canal boats merchant ships and naval vessels it attempted to include homeless persons. The schedule was completed by an individual and for the first time both this record and the enumerator's schedule were preserved. Two forms of boycott of the census by women are possible due to frustration at government failure to grant women the universal right to vote in parliamentary and local elections. The schedule either records a protest by failure to complete the form in respect of the women in the household or women are absent due to organisation of groups of women staying away from home for the whole night. Research estimates that several thousand women are not found by census search. [http://www.findmypast.co.uk/search/census/1911/person?ukwid=394505&sourceid=1&utm_source=Google+FMP+Main_CPC&utm_medium=Key+Keywords&utm_campaign=1911+census+ Find my Past 1911 census search]<br>  
  
 
==== Poor Law Unions  ====
 
==== Poor Law Unions  ====
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Records of wills, administrations, inventories, indexes, etc. were filed by the court with jurisdiction over this parish. Go to [[Kent Probate Records|Kent Probate Records]] to find the name of the court having primary jurisdiction. Scroll down in the article to the section Court Jurisdictions by Parish.  
 
Records of wills, administrations, inventories, indexes, etc. were filed by the court with jurisdiction over this parish. Go to [[Kent Probate Records|Kent Probate Records]] to find the name of the court having primary jurisdiction. Scroll down in the article to the section Court Jurisdictions by Parish.  
  
See [[England, Kent, Wills and Probate (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]<br>
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See [[England, Kent, Wills and Probate (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]<br>  
  
 
==== Local Family History Centre  ====
 
==== Local Family History Centre  ====
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== Web sites  ==
 
== Web sites  ==
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== Reference ==
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{{reflist}}
  
 
{{expand section|any additional relevant sites that aren't mentioned above}}  
 
{{expand section|any additional relevant sites that aren't mentioned above}}  
  
 
[[Category:Kent]]
 
[[Category:Kent]]

Revision as of 18:48, 26 November 2012

England  Gotoarrow.png  Kent England  Gotoarrow.png  Kent Parishes

Lenham St Mary Kent.jpg

Contents

Parish History

LENHAM (St. Mary), a parish, in the union of Hollingbourne, hundred of Eyhorne, lathe of Aylesford, W. division of Kent, 10 miles (E. by S.) from Maidstone.[1]


Lenham is a market village and civil parish in the Maidstone district of Kent, see Lenham Wikipedia

Lenham St Mary is an Ancient Parish in the Diocese of Canterbury which included Lenham Heath and Sandway. A Map of the Parish boundary may be found at A church near you

The church of St Mary has been designated as a grade I listed building British listed building

The 14th century church is the rebuilt version of the former church destroyed by fire,described in 1942 by SPB Mais as 'a spacious Decorated medieval church with fine oak door, superbly carved Jacobean oak pulpit, stone armchair, ancient communion cup, and specially attractive pews.' It is the burial place of Mary Honeywood, who dying aged 93 left 367 descendants. Her courage in visiting martyrs during the reign of Mary Tudor features in 'The Book of Martyrs' by John Foxe (1516-1587).

See Edward Hasted The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent: Volume 5 (1798), pp. 415-445 at Bristish History Online and Kent Churches website

Mentioned in the Domesday Survey, Lenham market dates back to 1088, when the village was an important crossroad settlement. Technically the fact that Lenham is allowed a market, makes it a town but the community have always desired to maintain its village status.

The Pilgrims' Way/North Downs Way passes just to the north of Lenham, higher up on the 'downs' and it features a war memorial of a 200-foot chalk cross carved into the scarp slope of the downs. First constructed in 1922, to remember those who fell in the Great War, and fully restored in 1994, the cross now commemorates the dead of both world wars. To avoid its use as a navigation aid by the Luftwaffe, the cross was filled in between 1939 and May 1945.


Resources

Civil Registration

This parish was in the Hollingbourne registration district See Maidstone Registration District

Kent County Council (KCC) has a certificate centre at the Mansion House in Tunbridge Wells which holds all the completed registers for Kent since 1 July 1837 and can supply a certified copy of any Kent birth, death or marriage entry from any register within its custody or a Kent civil partnership registration from the government online database.

The Mansion House
(Certificate Centre)
Grove Hill Road
Tunbridge Wells
Kent TN1 1EP

Birth, marriages and deaths were kept by the government, from July 1837 to the present day. The civil registration article tells more about these records. There are several Internet sites with name lists or indexes. A popular site is FreeBMD.

Church records

International Genealogical Index Lenham Ebenezer Independent Christenings 1779-1837 Batch (C068411)

Family History Library film numbers
Lenham
See also England, Kent, Parish Registers and Bishop's Transcripts (FamilySearch Historical Records)

Contributor: Include here information for parish registers, Bishop’s Transcripts, non conformist and other types of church records, such as parish chest records. Add the contact information for the office holding the original records. 

Land Tax

Images for Boughton Malherbe, Kent Charing, Kent Egerton, Kent and Lenham, Kent are available at FamilySearch Records see England, Kent, Land Tax Assessments (FamilySearch Historical Records) 1780-1831

The 1987 microfilming at Kent Archives reference: Q/RPL/71


Land tax assessments for the parishes of Otterden and Lenham, 1780- 1832 Kent Archives reference Q/RPL/284-285 were filmed in 1987; there is no apparent way point to match this filming


Images for Lenham available at FamilySearch Records see England, Kent, Land Tax Assessments (FamilySearch Historical Records) 1780-1832 appear to be 1987 microfilming at Kent Archives reference Q/RPL/217-218 which the Family History Library describes as "Land tax assessments for upper and lower Lenham, 1780-1832" Examination of this bundle at Centre for Kentish Studies shows that Upper Lenham is the western part of the parish associated in tax returns with a part of Aylesford, Lower Lenham is less clearly defined. Edward Hasted helpfully describes the extensive parish in terms of division between the western part in "lath of Aylesford, hundred of Eyhorne" and eastern or East Lenham in "lath of Shipway in the hundred of Calehill"

The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent: Volume 5 (1798), pp. 415-445 at British History Online


Census records

Census returns for Lenham 1841-1891

FamilySearch Records includes collections of census indexes which can be searched online for free. In addition FamilySearch Centres offer free access to images of the England and Wales Census through FHC Portal: Computers here have access to the Family History Centre Portal page which gives free access to premium family history software and websites that generally charge for subscriptions.

[1] to locate local Family History Centres in UK

[2] to locate outside UK. Many archives and local history collections in public libraries in England and Wales offer online census searches and also hold microfilm or fiche census returns.

Images of the census for 1841-1891 can be viewed in census collections at Ancestry (fee payable) or Find My Past (fee payable)

The 1851 census of England and Wales attempted to identify religious places of worship in addition to the household survey census returns.

Ancestry UK Census Collection

Find my Past census search 1841-1901


Prior to the 1911 census the household schedule was destroyed and only the enumerator's schedule survives.

The 1911 census of England and Wales was taken on the night of Sunday 2 April 1911 and in addition to households and institutions such as prisons and workhouses, canal boats merchant ships and naval vessels it attempted to include homeless persons. The schedule was completed by an individual and for the first time both this record and the enumerator's schedule were preserved. Two forms of boycott of the census by women are possible due to frustration at government failure to grant women the universal right to vote in parliamentary and local elections. The schedule either records a protest by failure to complete the form in respect of the women in the household or women are absent due to organisation of groups of women staying away from home for the whole night. Research estimates that several thousand women are not found by census search. Find my Past 1911 census search

Poor Law Unions

Hollingbourne Poor Law Union, Kent

Probate records

Records of wills, administrations, inventories, indexes, etc. were filed by the court with jurisdiction over this parish. Go to Kent Probate Records to find the name of the court having primary jurisdiction. Scroll down in the article to the section Court Jurisdictions by Parish.

See England, Kent, Wills and Probate (FamilySearch Historical Records)

Local Family History Centre

Maidstone Family History Centre, Kent

Maps and Gazetteers

Maps are a visual look at the locations in England. Gazetteers contain brief summaries about a place.

Web sites

Reference

  1. Lewis, Samuel A., A Topographical Dictionary of England(1848), pp. 68-74