Lower Brule Indian Agency (South Dakota)

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The Lower Brulé Agency is the administrative office of the Bureau of Indian Affairs for the [[Lower Brule Indian Reservation (South Dakota)|Lower Brulé Indian Reservation]] in central South Dakota. Its supervising office is the [[Area Offices of the Bureau of Indian Affairs|Aberdeen Area Office]].  
 
The Lower Brulé Agency is the administrative office of the Bureau of Indian Affairs for the [[Lower Brule Indian Reservation (South Dakota)|Lower Brulé Indian Reservation]] in central South Dakota. Its supervising office is the [[Area Offices of the Bureau of Indian Affairs|Aberdeen Area Office]].  
  
== Indian Tribes Associated With This Agency  ==
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=== Indian Tribes Associated With This Agency  ===
  
 
Brule Sioux, [[Lower Brule Sioux Tribe|Lower Brulé Sioux]], [[Sioux Indians|Sioux]] (of Missouri and Platte Rivers),  
 
Brule Sioux, [[Lower Brule Sioux Tribe|Lower Brulé Sioux]], [[Sioux Indians|Sioux]] (of Missouri and Platte Rivers),  
  
== History  ==
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=== History  ===
  
The Lower Brulé Agency was established in 1875 as the [[White_River_Indian_Agency_(Colorado)|White River Agency]] and was renamed Lower Brulé in Jan. 1876. It was first located on the western side&nbsp; of the Missouri River, 10 miles below Crow Creek in South Dakota. In the summer of 1876, it was moved to the mouth of American Crow Creek, 12 miles below the old site. In 1882, the [[Crow Creek Indian Agency (South Dakota)|Crow Creek Agency]] and the Lower Brulé Agency were consolidated. In 1896, they were again divided. <ref>Hill, Edward E. ''The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches''. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974, p. 89.</ref>  
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The Lower Brulé Agency was established in 1875 as the [[White River Indian Agency (Colorado)|White River Agency]] and was renamed Lower Brulé in Jan. 1876. It was first located on the western side&nbsp; of the Missouri River, 10 miles below Crow Creek in South Dakota. In the summer of 1876, it was moved to the mouth of American Crow Creek, 12 miles below the old site. In 1882, the [[Crow Creek Indian Agency (South Dakota)|Crow Creek Agency]] and the Lower Brulé Agency were consolidated. In 1896, they were again divided. <ref>Hill, Edward E. ''The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches''. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974, p. 89.</ref>  
  
 
Lower Brulé Agency was transferred to Crow Creek, 1 August 1924, with the Lower Brulé becoming a subagency. It was consolidated with the Pierre School in 1954 to form the [[Pierre Indian Agency (South Dakota)|Pierre Agency]].<ref>Hill, Edward E. (comp.). ''Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians''. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981, p. 165.</ref>  
 
Lower Brulé Agency was transferred to Crow Creek, 1 August 1924, with the Lower Brulé becoming a subagency. It was consolidated with the Pierre School in 1954 to form the [[Pierre Indian Agency (South Dakota)|Pierre Agency]].<ref>Hill, Edward E. (comp.). ''Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians''. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981, p. 165.</ref>  
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===== Agents and Appointment Dates  =====
 
===== Agents and Appointment Dates  =====
  
Thomas A. Reily&nbsp; July 2, 1875, Henry E. Gregory&nbsp; Jyly 18, 1876, Capt. William E. Dougherty (acting) March 21, 1878, and William H. Parkhurst&nbsp; May 27, 1880  
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Thomas A. Reily July 2, 1875, Henry E. Gregory July 18, 1876, Capt. William E. Dougherty (acting) March 21, 1878, and William H. Parkhurst May 27, 1880 <ref>The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. By Edward E. Hill. Clearwater Publishing  Co., New York,  NY ©1974. FHL Book 970.1 H551o </ref>
  
<br>
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=== Records  ===
 
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== Records  ==
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[[Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880|''Letters received by the Office of Indian Affairs'']] from the Lower Brulé Agency, 1875-1876, have been microfilmed by the [http://www.archives.gov/ National Archives] as part of their Microcopy Number M234, Roll 401.<ref>''American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications''. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998, Microcopy 234, p. 8</ref> Copies are available at the National Archives and at the Family History Library and its family history centers (their {{FHL|403528|title-id|disp=microfilm roll number 1661331}}).  
 
[[Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880|''Letters received by the Office of Indian Affairs'']] from the Lower Brulé Agency, 1875-1876, have been microfilmed by the [http://www.archives.gov/ National Archives] as part of their Microcopy Number M234, Roll 401.<ref>''American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications''. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998, Microcopy 234, p. 8</ref> Copies are available at the National Archives and at the Family History Library and its family history centers (their {{FHL|403528|title-id|disp=microfilm roll number 1661331}}).  
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Microfilm copies of [[Superintendents' Annual Narrative and Statistical Reports (BIA), 1907-1938|''...Narrative and Statistical Reports...'']] for the Lower Brulé Agency, 1916-1927, are included in National Archives Microcopy M1011, rolls 80-81<ref>''American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications''. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998, Microcopy 1011, p. 27</ref>, available in the National Archives system and in the collections of the Family History Library in Salt Lake City (their {{FHL|479404|title-id|disp=microfilm number 1724298-1724299}}).  
 
Microfilm copies of [[Superintendents' Annual Narrative and Statistical Reports (BIA), 1907-1938|''...Narrative and Statistical Reports...'']] for the Lower Brulé Agency, 1916-1927, are included in National Archives Microcopy M1011, rolls 80-81<ref>''American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications''. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998, Microcopy 1011, p. 27</ref>, available in the National Archives system and in the collections of the Family History Library in Salt Lake City (their {{FHL|479404|title-id|disp=microfilm number 1724298-1724299}}).  
  
== References  ==
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=== References  ===
  
<references />
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<references />  
  
*''American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications''. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998.<br>
+
*''American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications''. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998.<br>  
*Hill, Edward E. (comp.). ''Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians''. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981.<br>
+
*Hill, Edward E. (comp.). ''Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians''. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981.<br>  
*Hill, Edward E. ''The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches''. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974.<br>
+
*Hill, Edward E. ''The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches''. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974.<br>  
 
*''Historical Sketches for Jurisdictional and Subject Headings Used for the Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880''. National Archives Microcopy T1105.  
 
*''Historical Sketches for Jurisdictional and Subject Headings Used for the Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880''. National Archives Microcopy T1105.  
 
*''Preliminary Inventory No. 163: Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs''. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Services. [http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~texlance/records/bia(dc)intro.htm Available online]  
 
*''Preliminary Inventory No. 163: Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs''. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Services. [http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~texlance/records/bia(dc)intro.htm Available online]  

Revision as of 20:55, 3 January 2013

United States Gotoarrow.png American Indian Research Gotoarrow.png Indians of South Dakota Gotoarrow.png Lower Brule Indian Agency (South Dakota)


The Lower Brulé Agency is the administrative office of the Bureau of Indian Affairs for the Lower Brulé Indian Reservation in central South Dakota. Its supervising office is the Aberdeen Area Office.

Contents

Indian Tribes Associated With This Agency

Brule Sioux, Lower Brulé Sioux, Sioux (of Missouri and Platte Rivers),

History

The Lower Brulé Agency was established in 1875 as the White River Agency and was renamed Lower Brulé in Jan. 1876. It was first located on the western side  of the Missouri River, 10 miles below Crow Creek in South Dakota. In the summer of 1876, it was moved to the mouth of American Crow Creek, 12 miles below the old site. In 1882, the Crow Creek Agency and the Lower Brulé Agency were consolidated. In 1896, they were again divided. [1]

Lower Brulé Agency was transferred to Crow Creek, 1 August 1924, with the Lower Brulé becoming a subagency. It was consolidated with the Pierre School in 1954 to form the Pierre Agency.[2]

Agents and Appointment Dates

Thomas A. Reily July 2, 1875, Henry E. Gregory July 18, 1876, Capt. William E. Dougherty (acting) March 21, 1878, and William H. Parkhurst May 27, 1880 [3]

Records

Letters received by the Office of Indian Affairs from the Lower Brulé Agency, 1875-1876, have been microfilmed by the National Archives as part of their Microcopy Number M234, Roll 401.[4] Copies are available at the National Archives and at the Family History Library and its family history centers (their microfilm roll number 1661331).

Reports of Inspection of the Field Jurisdictions of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1873-1900 have been microfilmed by the National Archives as part of Microcopy Number M1070. The reports for Lower Brulé Agency, 1897-1900 are on roll 24 of that Microcopy set.[5] Copies are available at the National Archives, their Regional Archives, and at the Family History Library and its family history centers (their microfilm roll number 1617697).

Annual Indian Census Rolls were taken at this agency for 1897 thru 1924. These rolls have been microfilmed by the National Archives as part of their Microcopy Number M595, roll 252.[6] Copies of these records are also available at the National Archives, their Regional Archives, and at the Family History Library and its family history centers (their microfilm number 576941). These census rolls are also available online at Ancestry.com's subscription web site.

The 1900 federal census included population schedules for the Lower Brulé Reservation. The census includes the non-Indian employees of the Lower Brulé Agency, as well as many pages of Indian Population Schedules for the native population of the Reservation. They are recorded as District 47, Lower Brulé Agency, in Lyman County, South Dakota.

Microfilm copies of ...Narrative and Statistical Reports... for the Lower Brulé Agency, 1916-1927, are included in National Archives Microcopy M1011, rolls 80-81[7], available in the National Archives system and in the collections of the Family History Library in Salt Lake City (their microfilm number 1724298-1724299).

References

  1. Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974, p. 89.
  2. Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981, p. 165.
  3. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. By Edward E. Hill. Clearwater Publishing Co., New York, NY ©1974. FHL Book 970.1 H551o
  4. American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998, Microcopy 234, p. 8
  5. American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998, Microcopy 1070, p. 48
  6. American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998, Microcopy 595, p. 51
  7. American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998, Microcopy 1011, p. 27
  • American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998.
  • Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981.
  • Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974.
  • Historical Sketches for Jurisdictional and Subject Headings Used for the Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880. National Archives Microcopy T1105.
  • Preliminary Inventory No. 163: Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Services. Available online
  • "Accompanying Pamphlet for Microcopy 1011", National Archives Microfilm Publications, Appendix.