Madison County, Ohio Genealogy

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''Online Birth Indexes and Records'' <br>
''Original Birth Records on Microfilm''
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Revision as of 21:41, 3 June 2013

Guide to Madison County Ohio genealogy. Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

Hand and keyboard.jpg Ohio
Online Records

Madison County, Ohio
Boundary map of Madison County, Ohio
Map of the U.S. highlighting Ohio
Location of Ohio in the U.S.
Madison County, Ohio Courthouse.jpg
Address Madison County Courthouse
1 N. Main St.
London, Ohio 43140
Madison County Website
United StatesGotoarrow.png Ohio Gotoarrow.png Madison County


Historical Facts

Beginning dates for major county records

*For earlier dates, try... Church | Obituaries | Cemeteries
  • Parent Counties: Formed from Franklin County 16 February 1810.[1]
  • County Seat: London
  • Neighboring Counties: Madison County, Ohio Genealogy residents may also have records in [2]Union (north) · Champaign (northwest) · Fayette (south) · Pickaway (southeast) · Clark (west) · Franklin (southwest)

Boundary Changes

See an interactive map of Madison County boundary changes.

Record Loss


Bible Records


Business Records and Commerce


Cemetery records often reveal birth, marriage, death, relationship, military, and religious information.

Online Grave Transcripts Published Grave Transcripts County Cemetery Directories

Family History Library



Names in Stone


Billion Graves

Billion Graves


Ohio Gravestones

Names in Stone

See Ohio Cemeteries for more information.


Church Records

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Ohio denominations, view the Ohio Church Records wiki page.

Finding Church Records at Other Repositories

Additional church records can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Madison County, Ohio Church Records in online catalogs like:

Court Records

Emigration and Immigration

Ethnic, Political, or Religious Groups




Local histories are available for Madison County, Ohio Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Ohio Local Histories.

Land and Property

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Ohio Land and Property for additional information about early Ohio land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

Finding More Land Records

Additional land records can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Madison County, Ohio Genealogy Land and Property Records in online catalogs like:



  • Civil War
    Civil War service men from Madison County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment)that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed with men from Madison County.
- 1st Regiment, Ohio Cavalry, Company K 
- 113th Regiment , Companies A and G

Naturalization and Citizenship


Madison County, Ohio Genealogy newspapers may contain genealogical value including obituaries, births, marriages, deaths, anniversaries, family gatherings, family travel, achievements, business notices, engagement information, and probate court proceedings.

To access newspapers, contact public libraries, Ohio Genealogical Society chapters, college or university libraries, the Library of Congress, Google News, or the Ohio Historical Society. The Ohio Genealogical Society Obituary Database is another source of newspaper information.

For more Ohio newspaper information see the Newspaper Guides on the wiki page Ohio Newspapers.




Probate records created after 1852 are held by the Madison County, Ohio Genealogy Probate Court. From 1797 or the creation of the county, probate records were held by the Court of Common Pleas. Most counties transferred all records to the Probate Court, but in some circumstances, Court of Common Pleas records should be searched for records prior to 1852. Most records are housed at the Madison County, Ohio Genealogy Courthouse. Some records are on microfilm at the Ohio Genealogical Society and the Family History Library. For more complete information about the location of county probate records see:

See the wiki page Ohio Probate Records for information about how to use probate records.

Content: Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

Record types: Wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, adoption, and birth and death records (1867-1908 only).

Finding More Probate Records

Additional probate records can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Madison County, Ohio Genealogy Probate Records in online catalogs like:

Public Records



Madison County Courthouse
1 N Main Street
London, OH 43140
Phone: 740.852.9776

Probate Court has birth and death records 1867-1908,
marriage and probate records from 1810 and naturalization
records; County Health Department has birth records from
1908; County Recorder has land and military records; Clerk
Court has divorce and court records[1]

Family History Centers


Finding More Tax Records

Additional tax records can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Madison County, Ohio Genealogy Tax Records in online catalogs like:

Vital Records

Vital records consist of birth, death, marriage and divorce records. Although Ohio enacted a statute in 1856 -1857 requiring registration of births, deaths and marriages, many counties did not comply. A second law was written in 1867 but, again, was not always followed. By 1908, the law was more clearly defined and kept. Any existing birth and death records from 1867 through December 19, 1908 are located at the Madison County, Ohio Genealogy Probate Court. The Ohio Department of Health has birth records filed after December 20, 1908 and death records filed after January 1, 1954 while the Ohio Historical Society houses death records from December 20, 1908 through December 31, 1953.

Original marriage records are held at the office of the Madison County, Ohio Genealogy Probate Court with divorce records located with the Madison County, Ohio Genealogy Clerk of Courts.

See also How to order Ohio Vital Records or order vital records electronically online.


Online Birth Indexes and Records
Original Birth Records on Microfilm


Ohio Deaths, 1908-1953 Free name indexes and images at FamilySearch. Records include such information as birth date of deceased, city, county, and state of death, name of spouse if married, names of parents, maiden name of mother, name of informant, if deceased was single, married, windowed or divorced, occupation of deceased. Finding More Vital Records

Additional vital records can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Madison County, Ohio Genealogy Vital Records in online catalogs like:

Web Sites

  • USGenWeb project. May have maps, name indexes, history or other information for this county. Select the state, then the county.
  • Family History Library Catalog


Populated Places


  1. 1.0 1.1 Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), [FHL book 973 D27e 2002].
  2. Wikipedia contributors, "Madison County, Ohio" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia at,_Ohio (accessed 10 May 2012).
  3. Carol Willsey Bell, Ohio Wills and Estates to 1850: An Index (Columbus, Ohio: the author, 1981). FamilySearch Books Online - Free online copy.