Madison County, Virginia

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===== Civil War  =====
 
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Madison County men most often served in regiments (and companies) from their home county. At times, however, individuals and small groups can be found serving in regiment from neighboring counties. Later in the war, Confederate units often reorganized. Men from Madison County can be found in the following regiments:<br>  
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'''''Regiments.''''' Madison County men most often served in regiments (and companies) from their home county. At times, however, individuals and small groups can be found serving in regiment from neighboring counties. Later in the war, Confederate units often reorganized. Men from Madison County can be found in the following regiments:<br>  
  
 
Asterisk indicates regiments with fifteen or fewer men from Madison.  
 
Asterisk indicates regiments with fifteen or fewer men from Madison.  

Revision as of 19:34, 12 June 2012

Madison County, Virginia
Map
Boundary map of Madison County, Virginia
Map of Virginia highlighting Madison County
Location in the state of Virginia
Map of the U.S. highlighting Virginia
Location of Virginia in the U.S.
Facts
Founded 1792
County Seat Madison
Courthouse
United States  Gotoarrow.png  Virginia  Gotoarrow.png  Madison County

Northern Virginia county in the Piedmont region.

Contents

County Courthouse

Madison
Madison County, Virginia Courthouse.JPG
County Courthouse
538 South Main Street
P.O. Box 220
Madison, VA 22727-0220
Phone: 540-948-6888


Clerk Circuit Court has marriage, divorce,
probate, court and land records from 1793[1]

Beginning Dates for Madison County, Virginia Government Records
Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate
1853 1793 1853 1810 1793 1793

History

President James Madison (1751-1836)

The county is named after President James Madison (1751-1836).

Parent County

1792--Madison County was created 4 December 1792 from Culpeper County.
County seat: Madison [2]

Boundary Changes

Record Loss

  • Lost censuses: 1800, 1890

Places/Localities

Populated Places

Neighboring Counties

Culpeper | Greene | Orange | Page | Rappahannock


Resources

Research Guides

  • "A Guide to the Counties of Virginia: Madison County," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 17, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1973):50-52. FHL Collection; digital version at New England Ancestors ($).

African American

Bible Records

Images of the Virginia Historical Society's family Bible collection have been digitized:

Additional Bible records include:

Cemeteries

LDS Cemetery Records

Vol. 1

page 146 - Fairview Cemetery, at Hood
page 149 - Rose Park Cemetery, at Wolfton

Census

For tips on accessing Madison County, Virginia census records online, see: Virginia Census.

Historical populations
Census Pop.
18008,322
18108,3810.7%
18208,4901.3%
18309,2368.8%
18408,107−12.2%
18509,33115.1%
18608,854−5.1%
18708,670−2.1%
188010,56221.8%
189010,225−3.2%
190010,216−0.1%
191010,055−1.6%
19209,595−4.6%
19308,952−6.7%
19408,465−5.4%
19508,273−2.3%
19608,187−1.0%
19708,6385.5%
198010,23218.5%
199011,94916.8%
200012,5204.8%


1890 Union Veterans

Church

Baptist

Madison County fell within the bounds of the Culpeper Association. Early Baptist churches (with years constituted):

  1. Rapidan (1773)[3]
  2. Robinson River (1790)[3]

Court

Chancery Court

  • Indexes and images to Madison County, Virginia Chancery Records 1802-1881 are available online through Virginia Memory: Chancery Records Index. Additional records are available at the Madison County Courthouse. These records, which were often concerned with inheritance disputes, contain a wealth of genealogical information.

Superior Court of Chancery

The Superior Court of Chancery of Fredericksburg (1802-1831) had jurisdiction over certain Madison County court cases. An index has been compiled:

  • Indexes of Court Records in the Clerk's Office, Fredericksburg, Virginia, 1782-1904. Original records, Fredericksburg City Courthouse, Fredericksburg, Va., microfilmed reproduction available at FHL. [Indexes the following records: District Court law book v. 8, 1782-1792; District Court law books 1790-1793, v. A-F 1789-1811; Superior Court of Law law order books v. G-H 1812-1831; Superior Court of Chancery chancery order books 1814-1831; Hustings Court orders v. A-O 1782-1871; Circuit Superior Court of Law and Chancery law order books v. A-E 1831-1875; Circuit Superior Court of Law and Chancery chancery order books v. A-D 1831-1872; Circuit Court chancery order books v. A2, B-C 1875-1904; Fredericksburg District Court (1789-1808) had jurisdiction over the following counties: Spotsylvania (including Fredericksburg), Caroline, King George, Stafford, Orange, and Culpeper; Superior Court of Chancery (1802-1831) had jurisdiction over the following localities: city of Fredericksburg and the counties of Caroline, Culpeper, Fauquier, Fairfax, Lancaster, Northumberland, Madison, King George, Orange, Prince William, Richmond, Spotsylvania, Stafford, Essex, and Westmoreland.]

DNA

  • [Yager] Descendant of Nicholas Jeager or Yager, d. 1762 Madison County, Virginia, Y-DNA 67 marker test (FTDNA), markers available online, at The Yeager DNA Project, courtesy World Families.

Genealogy

More than 60 genealogies have been published about Madison County families. To view a list, visit Madison County, Virginia Genealogy.

Immigration

  • Coldham, Peter Wilson. North American Wills Registered in London 1611-1857. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 2007. [Includes will a of resident of Madison County proved in London. These records often help establish an immigrant's place of origin.]

Land

Grants and Patents

Local Histories

  • Yowell, Claude Lindsay. A History of Madison County, Virginia. Strasburg, Va.: Shenandoah Publishing House, c1926. Digital version at Family History Archives.

Maps

Military

Revolutionary War
  • A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services: With their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshalls of the Several Judicial Districts, Under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census]. 1841. Digital versions at U.S. Census Bureau and Google Books et. al. 1967 reprint: FHL Collection 973 X2pc 1840. [See Virginia, Eastern District, Madison County on page 131.]
  • Rejected or Suspended Applications for Revolutionary War Pensions. Washington, D.C., 1852. Reprinted by Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1969, and 1991. Reprints include "an Added Index to States." FHL Collection 973 M24ur; digital version at Ancestry ($). [Includes veterans from this county; Virginia section begins on page 238.]
War of 1812

Madison County men served in the 82nd Regiment.[4]

  • List of Pensioners on the Roll, January 1, 1883; Giving the Name of Each Pensioner, the Cause for Why Pensioned, the Post-Office Address, the Rate of Pension Per Month, and the Date of Original Allowance... Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1883. FHL Collection 973 M2Lp v. 5; digital versions at Google Books and Internet Archive. [See Vol. 5, Virginia, Madison County, p. 89. Identifies War of 1812 veterans living in this county in 1883.]
  • Humes, Joseph, Muster roll of Captain Joseph Humes' company, War of 1812 82nd (Madison County). FHL film 32596 Item 6
Civil War

Regiments. Madison County men most often served in regiments (and companies) from their home county. At times, however, individuals and small groups can be found serving in regiment from neighboring counties. Later in the war, Confederate units often reorganized. Men from Madison County can be found in the following regiments:

Asterisk indicates regiments with fifteen or fewer men from Madison.

Infantry:


- 7th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate) - Company A (The Richardson Guards) and Company K (The Madison Grays) had many men from Madison County while Companies A, C, E, F, G only had eight or fewer men from Madison County. See also 7th Battalion, Virginia Infantry, Local Defense (1st Nitre Battalion) (Confederate)
- 10th Regiment Virginia Infantry (Confederate). Company L (Jeff Davis Guards).[5]
- *13th Regiment Virginia Infantry (Confederate)
- *38th Regiment Virginia Infantry (Confederate)
- *49th Regiment Virginia Infantry (Confederate)
- *2nd Virginia Militia
- *82nd Regiment Virginia Militia
- *108th Virginia Militia
- *135th Virginia Militia
- *Quartermaster Department

Cavalry:

- *1st Regiment Virginia Cavalry (Confederate), Co. I mustered one trooper from Madison County
- *2nd Regiment Virginia Cavalry (Confederate), Co. K mustered one trooper from Madison County
- 4th Regiment Virginia Cavalry (Confederate). Company C (The Madison Invincibles)
- *5th Regiment Virginia Cavalry (Confederate), Co. H mustered one trooper from Madison County
- *6th Regiment Virginia Cavalry (Confederate), Co. F mustered one trooper from Madison County
- *7th Regiment Virginia Cavalry (Confederate), Co. B mustered one trooper from Madison County
- *11th Regiment Virginia Cavalry (Confederate), Co. A mustered one trooper from Madison County
- *12th Regiment Virginia Cavalry (Confederate), Co. G mustered eleven troopers from Madison County
- *35th Battalion Virginia Cavalry (Confederate), Co. F mustered one trooper from Madison County
- *39th Battalion Virginia Cavalry (Confederate), Co. D mustered one trooper from Madison County
- *43rd Battalion Virginia Cavalry (Confederate), this battalion, known as Mosby's Rangers, mustered four troopers from Madison County

Artillery:

- 1st Battalion, Virginia Light Artillery (Hardaway's) (Moseley's) (Confederate)
- 4th Battalion Virginia Heavy Artillery (Confederate)
- *Charlottesville Light Artillery (Confederate)
- *King William Artillery (Confederate)
- *Rockbridge Artillery, No. 2 (Confederate)
- *Letcher's Battery Light Artillery
- *Capt. Rice's Company Virginia Light Artillery
- *1st Regiment Virginia Artillery (Richmond Howitzers)
- *13th Virginia Artillery
- 1st Battalion Virginia Reserves (Madison Reserves)

  • Information about the history of the companies in these regiments can be found in:
- FHL book 975.538 H2w For Home and Honor
- FHL book 975.5 M2vr v. 29 titled A Guide to Virginia Military Organizations 1861-1865

Newspapers

Professor Tom Costa and The Rector and Visitors of the University of Virginia have created a database of all runaway advertisements for slaves, indentured servants, transported convicts, and ship deserters listed in the Virginia Gazette and other Virginia newspapers (1736-1803), see: The Geography of Slavery in Virginia.

Private Papers

  • Mallory, James. Journal of James Mallory, Son of Uriel Mallory, Jr. and Melinda Welch; Grandson of Capt. Uriel Mallry, Sr. and Hannah Cave, and of Major Nathaniel Welch and Elizabeth Terrell, of Virginia, Begins April 20, 1834, Madison County, Virginia, Ends November 12, 1877, Talladega County, Alabama. MSS., microfilmed 1962. FHL 328801

Probate

A free index to Madison County, Virginia wills and administrations (1793-1800) is available at the Library of Virginia website.

London Courts

  • Coldham, Peter Wilson. North American Wills Registered in London 1611-1857. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 2007. [Includes will a of resident of Madison County proved in London. These records often help establish an immigrant's place of origin.]

Taxation

How can Virginia tax lists help me?

Vital Records

Indexes to Madison County, Virginia births, marriages, and deaths are available online. These collections are incomplete, but are easy to search. Most records can also be ordered electronically online as well. Courtesy: FamilySearch - free. See also How to order Virginia Vital Records

Vital Record Substitutes

The Virginia Historical Society's Marriage and Obituary Index, 1736-1820 (newspaper abstracts) is available for free online. Images of the original index cards are browseable, arranged alphabetically by surname.

Gotoarrow.png See also Bible Records

Societies and Libraries

Websites

References

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Madison County, Virginia. Page 717 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  3. 3.0 3.1 Robert Baylor Semple and George William Beale, A History of the Rise and Progress of the Baptists in Virginia (Pitt and Dickinson, 1894), 229-230. Digital version at Google Books.
  4. Stuart Lee Butler, A Guide to Virginia Militia Units in the War of 1812 (Athens, Ga.: Iberian Pub. Co., 1988), 133. FHL Book 975.5 M2bs.
  5. Terrence V. Murphy, 10th Virginia Infantry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, c1989). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 55.