Maine Census

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[[Portal:United States Census|Portal:United States Census ]]>[[Maine|Maine]]  
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''[[United States|United States ]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]]  [[United States Census|U.S. Census ]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]]  [[Maine|Maine]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]]  [[Maine_Census|Census]]''
  
== Availability  ==
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{| width="100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
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|-
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| width="44%" | __TOC__
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| valign="middle" | <center><font size="+1">'''Tips'''</font></center>
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*If at first you don't find a name, try again under [[Spelling Substitution Tables for the United States and Canada|another spelling]].
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*[[Copying Sources|Photocopy]] each ancestor's census. Identify where you found it.
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*Look for an ancestor in '''''every''''' census during her or his lifetime.
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*On the [[Adding a Custom Event to a PAF Family Group Record|family group record]] show&nbsp;each person's census listings.
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*Study&nbsp;others in the same household, neighbors, and anyone with the similar names nearby on the census in [[Research a Family in Community Context|community context]].
  
'''1790-1930 Federal Census Records--'''All federal census records 1790 to 1930 are available for Maine with the following exceptions:
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<br>
  
'''&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 1800--'''Some of York County is missing.  
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*For a list of the exact date of each federal census, [[Maine Censuses Existing and Lost|click here]].
  
'''&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 1810--'''Half of Oxford County is missing.
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|}
  
'''&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 1820--'''Some of Washington County is missing.
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=== Online Maine indexes and images  ===
  
Many federal census records are found at the Family History Library, the National Archives, and other federal and state archives. The [https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/United_States_Census United States Census] article provides detailed information about these records.
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{{Census Online Maine}}
  
'''1800-1840 Census Records in the Family History Library Catalog--'''The Maine census records from&nbsp;1800 to 1840, are not listed by year&nbsp;in the&nbsp;Family History&nbsp;Library Catalog. They are listed &nbsp;under the&nbsp;heading Maine - Census.&nbsp;
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=== Federal population schedules  ===
  
== Historical Background ==
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==== Microfilm images ====
  
Maine became a state in 1820. In the time period of the 1790, 1800 and 1810 census Maine was known as Maine District, a part of Massachusetts. For searching purposes, the 1790-1810 census records are listed under the state of Maine.
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{| width="745" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
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|+ '''Federal Census Microfilms Available from the [[Family History Library|Family History Library]]'''
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|-
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| 1940 N/A
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| {{FHL|637199|title-id|disp=1910}}&nbsp;
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| {{FHL|698900|title-id|disp=1870}}&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
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| {{FHL|121535|title-id|disp=1790}}
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|-
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| {{FHL|1036356|title-id|disp=1930}}
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| {{FHL|655732|title-id|disp=1900 and Soundex}}
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| {{FHL|704928|title-id|disp=1860}}
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| <br>
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|-
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| {{FHL|571885|title-id|disp=1920&nbsp;and Soundex}}
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| {{FHL|673562|title-id|disp=1880 and Soundex&nbsp;}}
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| {{FHL|744482|title-id|disp=1850}}
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| <br>
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|}
  
== Indexes  ==
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<br>
  
'''1790-1930 Online Index--'''All federal census records for Maine are indexed online at [http://www.ancestry.com www.ancestry.com].  
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{| width="745" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
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|+ '''Federal Census Microfilms Available from the [[National Archives and Records Administration|National Archives]]'''
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|-
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| 1940 N/A
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1910/part-03.html#maine 1910 T624]&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-04.html#maine 1860 M653]&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-02.html#1820 1820 M33]&nbsp;
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|-
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| [http://1930census.archives.gov/beginSearch.asp 1930 T626]
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1900/part-07.html#maine 1900 T623]&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;[http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1900/part-03.html#maine Soundex T1049]
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-03.html#maine 1850 M432]
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-02.html#1810 1810 M252]&nbsp;
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|-
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1920/part-08.html#maine 1920 T625]&nbsp; &nbsp;[http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1920/part-03.html#maine Soundex M1565]
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-07.html#maine 1880 T9]&nbsp;&nbsp; [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-06.html#maine Soundex T752]
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-02.html#1840 1840 M704]&nbsp;
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-02.html#1800 1800 M32]&nbsp;
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|-
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| &nbsp;
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-05.html#maine 1870 M593]
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-02.html#1830 1830 M19]
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-02.html#1790 1790 M637]&nbsp;
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|}
  
The following indexes are available at the Family History library: '''1790-1850 Indexes--'''The Family History Library has statewide indexes for the 1790, 1800, 1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, and 1850 censuses in book and microfiche format.
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==== Indexes: fiche, film, or book ====
  
'''1850-1870 Indexes--'''The library also has a partial index of some counties and some towns for the 1850, 1860, and 1870 censuses.
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For a list of microform and book indexes for the population schedules of Maine, [[Maine Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book|click here]]
  
*''Maine Census Indexes, 1850-1870''. Salt Lake City, Utah: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1953. (Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=78880&disp=Maine+census+indexes%2C+1850-1870++ films 009734-8]) Sorted alphabetically by town, then census year. Lists head of household and page number in census.
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=== Federal non-population schedules  ===
  
'''1880, 1900, 1920 Indexes--'''Soundex (phonetic) indexes are available for part of the 1880 census and all of the 1900 and 1920 censuses.
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==== Online indexes and images  ====
  
'''Town Indexes--'''Town indexes can sometimes help you find names overlooked in statewide indexes. A few town indexes are listed in the Place Search of the Family History Library Catalog under MAINE, [COUNTY], [TOWN] - CENSUS.
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{| width="77%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1" align="center"
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|-
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| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" colspan="11" | <font size="+1">'''Online Federal Non-Population Schedules for Maine'''</font>
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|-
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| bgcolor="#ff9900" colspan="2" | <br>
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| bgcolor="#ff9966" align="center" colspan="3" | '''Free'''
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| bgcolor="#cccccc" align="center" colspan="3" | '''Free at Some Libraries''' (usually&nbsp;with&nbsp;library&nbsp;card)
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| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" | '''Pay'''
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|-
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| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" | '''Year'''
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| width="10%" bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" | '''Type'''
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| bgcolor="#ff9966" align="center" | '''Record Search'''
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| bgcolor="#ff9966" align="center" | '''Census Bureau'''
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| bgcolor="#ff9966" align="center" | '''Google Book'''
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| bgcolor="#cccccc" align="center" | '''Heritage Quest'''
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| bgcolor="#cccccc" align="center" | '''Ancestry FHL'''
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| bgcolor="#cccccc" align="center" | '''Ancestry Library'''
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| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" | '''Ancestry Home'''
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|-
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| '''1890'''
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| width="20%" | Veterans
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| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1610551 Link]  
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8667&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]  
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8667&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8667&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
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|-
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| '''1880'''
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| width="20%" | Defective
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1634 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1634 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1634 Link]
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|-
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| '''1880'''
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| width="20%" | Mortality
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| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1417683 Link]
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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|-
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| '''1870'''
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| Mortality
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| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1438024 Link]
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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|-
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| '''1860'''
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| Mortality
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| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1473181 Link]
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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|-
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| '''1850'''
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| Mortality
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| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1401638 Link]
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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|-
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| '''1840'''
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| Pensioners
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| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1786457 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/1840c-01.pdf BookLink]
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| align="center" | [http://books.google.com/books?id=W7JYAAAAMAAJ&dq=1840+census+pensioners&printsec=frontcover&source=bl&ots=W0XUmfgahX&sig=WRyMIVwiePLwKmlxhbchJl1ZeeA&hl=en&ei=SJ0MSvSrBqOMtgf19I2FCA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=10#PPA61,M1 BookLink]
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7678 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7678 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7678 Link]
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|}
  
== Special Censuses ==
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==== Microfilm images ====
  
==== Mortality Schedules  ====
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[[Family History Library|'''Family History Library''']]&nbsp;'''Federal Census Non-Population Schedule Microfilms for Maine'''
  
'''1850-1880--'''The 1850, 1860, 1870, and 1880 censuses have mortality schedules, which are lists of the people who died in the year before the census was taken. The Family History Library, Maine State Archives, and the National Archives have copies of the mortality schedules. The Family History Library film numbers are listed below:&nbsp;  
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*1890 Veterans United States. Census Office. 11th Census, 1890. Schedules Enumerating Union Veterans and Widows of Union Veterans of the Civil War. Washington, D.C.: The National Archives, 1948. (Family History Library&nbsp;films for Maine {{FHL|230777|item}} Films 338165-6
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*1880 Mortality {{FHL|36961|item}} Film 1841575
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*1870 Mortality {{FHL|292606|item}} Film 9740
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*1860 Mortality {{FHL|292601|item}} Film 009740
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*1850 Mortality {{FHL|292593|item}} Film 009739])
  
'''&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 1850''' (Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=292593&disp=Persons+who+died+during+the+year+ending+++ film 009739])
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[[National Archives and Records Administration|'''National Archives''']]&nbsp;'''Federal Census '''[http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/census/nonpopulation/maine.html '''Non-Population Schedule''']&nbsp;'''Microfilms for Maine'''
  
'''&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 1860''' (Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=292601&disp=Persons+who+died+during+the+year+ending+++ film 009740])
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*1935 Census of Business
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*1820 Manufactures schedule
  
'''&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 1870''' (Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=292606&disp=Persons+who+died+during+the+year+ending+++ film 0097<span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1229461775149_721"></span>41])
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==== Indexes: fiche, film, or book  ====
  
'''&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 1880''' (Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=36961&disp=1880+mortality+schedule%2C+Maine++ film 1841575])
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For a list of microform and book indexes for the non-population schedules of Maine, [[Maine Non-Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book|click here]].
  
[http://mortalityschedules.com/ Mortality Schedules 1850-1880]
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=== State, territorial, and colonial censuses  ===
  
<br>
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Maine took censuses in the years between the federal censuses, the dates are listed below. State census records may have columns that were different or more unusual than those found on federal censuses. The responses and years of coverage may give additional information on the family *'''1905''' Scarboro only, in Cumberland County<ref>H.E. Mitchell, and E.M. Campbell, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/18004273The Scarboro Register 1905]'' (1905; reprint, Salem, Massachusetts : Higginson, [1998?]) [{{FHL|956815|title-id|disp=FHL Book 974.191/S1 H2mh}}].</ref> *'''1904''' Kennebunkport only, in York County<ref>H.E. Mitchell, and E.M. Campbell, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/4103111 The Kennebunkport Register, 1904]'' (1904; reprint, Salem, Massachusetts : Higginson, [1998?]) [{{FHL|837191|title-id|disp=FHL Book 974.195/K4 E4m}}].</ref> *'''1837''' State (some towns missing).<ref name="Lainh">Ann S. Lainhart, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/26517040 State Census Records]'' (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992)[[{{Lainha}}]], 49-52.</ref> See also "[[Maine Census#Online_Maine_indexes_and_images|Online Federal and State Population Schedules for Maine]]" above.
  
==== Veterans’ Censuses ====
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=== Existing and lost censuses ===
  
'''1840 Federal Census--'''A listing was made of Revolutionary War veterans that included the age of the veteran, the place where he was living, and the name of the head of the household . An index is:
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For a list of available and missing Maine censuses, [[Maine Censuses Existing and Lost|click here]]. <br>
  
*A General Index to A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Service, 1840. Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing, 1965. (Family History Library book [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=282860&disp=A+Census+of+pensioners+for+Revolutionary++ 973 X2pc 1965 index]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=283600&disp=A+General+index+to+a+census+of+pensioner++ fiche 6046771]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=282860&disp=A+Census+of+pensioners+for+Revolutionary++ film 899835]) The census of pensioners is published in:
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=== Why use a census? ===
*A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services: With their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshalls of the Several Judicial Districts, Under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census. (Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=282860&disp=A+Census+of+pensioners+for+Revolutionary++ book 973 X2pc 1840; film 2321])
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'''1890 Federal Census--'''The 1890 census has a veterans schedule, which lists the veterans or their widows who were living when the census was taken. [http://content.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8667&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Ancestry] subscribers can access these records online.  
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A well-indexed census is one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor's family lived and when they lived there. You can also use censuses to follow the changes in a family over time, and identify neighbors. These and other clues provided by censuses are important because they help find additional kinds of records about the family.  
  
For a copy of the veterans schedule, see:
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=== More about censuses  ===
  
*Jackson, Ronald Vern. Maine 1890 Veterans Census Index. North Salt Lake, Utah: Accelerated Indexing Systems International, 1990. (Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=288105&disp=Maine+1850+census+index%20%20&columns=*,0,0 book 974.1 X22j 1890])
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[[United States Census|Click here]] for additional details about how to use censuses, such as:  
*United States. Census Office. 11th Census, 1890. Schedules Enumerating Union Veterans and Widows of Union Veterans of the Civil War. Washington, D.C.: The National Archives, 1948. (Family History Library&nbsp;[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=230777&disp=Schedules+enumerating+Union+veterans+and++ films for Maine 338165-6]
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== State Censuses  ==
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:*[[United States Census Searching|index searching tips]]
 +
:*[[United States Census Analyzing Census Data|analyzing and using what you find]]
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:*[[United States Census Accuracy|census accuracy]]
 +
:*[[United States Census Historical Background|historical background]]
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:*[[United States Census#Contents_of_Federal_Censuses|contents of various census years and types]]
  
'''1837 State Census--'''A state census was taken in 1837, but only the schedules for Portland, Bangor, Eliot, and unincorporated areas still exist. The census names the head of each household and lists the ages of other persons in the household. It excludes unnaturalized foreigners who were not living in Maine before 1833 and untaxed indians. This census is not at the Family History Library. The schedules for Portland, Bangor, and unincorporated areas are at the [http://maine.gov/sos/arc/ Maine State Archives].&nbsp; The [http://www.mainehistory.org/ Maine Historical Society] has the Eliot section. This census is also known as the [http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~meandrhs/history/usdebt/census/maine/1837.html Maine Special 1837 Census] and it is online.
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=== Sources and footnotes  ===
  
'''1904 State Census--'''Only for Kennebunkport, York County:
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'''A wiki article describing an online collection is found at:'''<br>
  
*''The Kennebunkport Register, 1904, (''Family History Library&nbsp;[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=837191&disp=The+Kennebunkport+Register%2C+1904%20%20&columns=*,0,0 book 974.195/K4 E4m])
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[[Maine, Washington County Courthouse Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Maine, Washington County Courthouse Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]<br>
  
'''1905 State Census--'''Only for Scarboro, Cumberland County:
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{{reflist}}
  
*''The Scarboro Register 1905'', (Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=956815&disp=The+Scarboro+register+1905%20%20&columns=*,0,0 book 974.191/S1 H2mh])
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{{Place|Maine}} {{USCensus}}
  
== Web Sites  ==
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{{Maine | Maine}}
  
Ancestry:&nbsp; [http://www.ancestry.com http://www.ancestry.com]
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[[Category:Maine|Census]] [[Category:Census_by_State|{{PAGENAME}}]]
 
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Heritage Quest Online:&nbsp; [http://www.heritagequestonline.com http://www.heritagequestonline.com]
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Census Online:&nbsp; [http://www.census-online.com/links/ME/ http://www.census-online.com/links/ME/]  
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Genealogy Today:&nbsp; [http://dir.genealogytoday.com/usa/me/census.html http://dir.genealogytoday.com/usa/me/census.html]  
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Access Genealogy:&nbsp; [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/census/maine.htm http://www.accessgenealogy.com/census/maine.htm]
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National Archives:&nbsp; [http://www.archives.gov/ http://www.archives.gov/]
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Maine State Archives and Libraries:&nbsp; [http://statearchives.us/maine.htm http://statearchives.us/maine.htm]
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Maine Historical Society:&nbsp; [http://www.mainehistory.org/ http://www.mainehistory.org/]<br>
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Mortality Schedules:&nbsp; [http://mortalityschedules.com/ http://mortalityschedules.com/]
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== References  ==
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''[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/search/RG/frameset_rg.asp?Dest=G1&Aid=&Gid=&Lid=&Sid=&Did=&Juris1=&Event=&Year=&Gloss=&Sub=&Tab=&Entry=&Guide=Maine.ASP Maine Research Outline].'' Salt Lake City, Utah: Intellectual Reserve, Inc., Family History Department, 1998, 2001.
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[[Category:Maine]]
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Revision as of 21:11, 22 June 2012

United States  go to  U.S. Census  go to  Maine  go to  Census

Contents

Tips
  • If at first you don't find a name, try again under another spelling.
  • Photocopy each ancestor's census. Identify where you found it.
  • Look for an ancestor in every census during her or his lifetime.
  • On the family group record show each person's census listings.
  • Study others in the same household, neighbors, and anyone with the similar names nearby on the census in community context.


  • For a list of the exact date of each federal census, click here.

Online Maine indexes and images

Online Federal and State Population Schedules of Maine 
  Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card)* Pay
Family
Search[1]
Internet Archive[2]  Misc.  Heritage Quest[3] Fold3[4] Ancestry FHL[5] Ancestry Library[5] Ancestry Home[5] Archives[6] Family Link[7]
1940 indexes Link - Link
Link
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images Link - Link
Link
Link
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1930 indexes Link - - - Link Link Link Link Link Link
images Link Link - Link Link Link Link Link - Link
1920 indexes Link - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1910 indexes Link - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1900 indexes Link Soundex - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1880 indexes Link Soundex - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images - Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1870 indexes Link - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1860 indexes Link - Link Link Link Link Link Link Link
images - Link - Link Link Link Link Link - Link
1850 indexes Link - - - - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1840 indexes Link - - - - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
partial 1837 State indexes Link - - - - - - - - -
images - - Tran-
script
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1830 indexes Link - - - - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
partial 1820 indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
partial 1810 [8] indexes Link - - Link  - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
partial 1800 [8] indexes Link - - Link  - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1790[8] indexes Link - Tran-
script
Link  - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
  Family Search Internet Archive Misc.  Heritage Quest Fold3 Ancestry FHL  Ancestry Library  Ancestry Home Archives Family Link
Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card) Pay


Federal population schedules

Microfilm images

Federal Census Microfilms Available from the Family History Library
1940 N/A 1910  1870             1790
1930 1900 and Soundex 1860
1920 and Soundex 1880 and Soundex  1850


Federal Census Microfilms Available from the National Archives
1940 N/A 1910 T624    1860 M653        1820 M33 
1930 T626 1900 T623   Soundex T1049 1850 M432 1810 M252 
1920 T625   Soundex M1565 1880 T9   Soundex T752 1840 M704  1800 M32 
  1870 M593 1830 M19 1790 M637 

Indexes: fiche, film, or book

For a list of microform and book indexes for the population schedules of Maine, click here

Federal non-population schedules

Online indexes and images

Online Federal Non-Population Schedules for Maine

Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with library card) Pay
Year Type Record Search Census Bureau Google Book Heritage Quest Ancestry FHL Ancestry Library Ancestry Home
1890 Veterans Link - - - Link Link Link
1880 Defective - - - - Link Link Link
1880 Mortality Link - - - Link Link Link
1870 Mortality Link - - - Link Link Link
1860 Mortality Link - - - Link Link Link
1850 Mortality Link - - - Link Link Link
1840 Pensioners Link BookLink BookLink - Link Link Link

Microfilm images

Family History Library Federal Census Non-Population Schedule Microfilms for Maine

  • 1890 Veterans United States. Census Office. 11th Census, 1890. Schedules Enumerating Union Veterans and Widows of Union Veterans of the Civil War. Washington, D.C.: The National Archives, 1948. (Family History Library films for Maine FHL Collection Films 338165-6
  • 1880 Mortality FHL Collection Film 1841575
  • 1870 Mortality FHL Collection Film 9740
  • 1860 Mortality FHL Collection Film 009740
  • 1850 Mortality FHL Collection Film 009739])

National Archives Federal Census Non-Population Schedule Microfilms for Maine

  • 1935 Census of Business
  • 1820 Manufactures schedule

Indexes: fiche, film, or book

For a list of microform and book indexes for the non-population schedules of Maine, click here.

State, territorial, and colonial censuses

Maine took censuses in the years between the federal censuses, the dates are listed below. State census records may have columns that were different or more unusual than those found on federal censuses. The responses and years of coverage may give additional information on the family *1905 Scarboro only, in Cumberland County[9] *1904 Kennebunkport only, in York County[10] *1837 State (some towns missing).[11] See also "Online Federal and State Population Schedules for Maine" above.

Existing and lost censuses

For a list of available and missing Maine censuses, click here.

Why use a census?

A well-indexed census is one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor's family lived and when they lived there. You can also use censuses to follow the changes in a family over time, and identify neighbors. These and other clues provided by censuses are important because they help find additional kinds of records about the family.

More about censuses

Click here for additional details about how to use censuses, such as:

Sources and footnotes

A wiki article describing an online collection is found at:

Maine, Washington County Courthouse Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)


  1. FamilySearch, a free online service of the Family History Library, including free images of many federal censuses, including an index of the 1880 federal census of the United States; connected with 1880 census images provided by Ancestry.com, a subscription site.
  2. Internet Archive, a free online service includes free images of most of the federal censuses.
  3. HeritageQuest has arranged with many subscribing public libraries in the United States to allow users free access on home computers by means of their personal library card numbers. HeritageQuest provides images of all surviving 1790 to 1930 federal censuses, and indexes to many but not all of them.
  4. Fold3, formerly known as Footnote.com, a subscription site partnering with the National Archives and includes some federal censuses. Free access is available at many public libraries.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Ancestry.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving federal and many state census records, among other sources. They have three online editions: (1) an FHL edition free only at the Family History Library and a few Family History Centers, (2) a slightly smaller Library edition free only at some public libraries, and (3) a Home edition subscription service for individuals.
  6. Archives.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving federal census records, among other sources.
  7. FamilyLink.com, a subscription site that provides online images (and some indexes) to all surviving federal and many state census records, among other sources.
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 Maine was part of Massachusetts until 1820, but in the 1790, 1800, and 1810 federal censuses Maine was enumerated separately.
  9. H.E. Mitchell, and E.M. Campbell, Scarboro Register 1905 (1905; reprint, Salem, Massachusetts : Higginson, [1998?]) [FHL Book 974.191/S1 H2mh].
  10. H.E. Mitchell, and E.M. Campbell, The Kennebunkport Register, 1904 (1904; reprint, Salem, Massachusetts : Higginson, [1998?]) [FHL Book 974.195/K4 E4m].
  11. Ann S. Lainhart, State Census Records (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992)[[FHL book 973 X2Lai]], 49-52.