Maine Census

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''[[United States|United States ]] >  [[United States Census|U.S. Census ]] >  [[Maine|Maine]]   >  [[Maine_Census|Census]]''  
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''[[United States|United States ]] >  [[Maine|Maine ]] >  [[Maine Census|Census]]''  
  
=== Existing and lost censuses  ===
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{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" width="100%" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
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|-
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| width="44%" | __TOC__
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| valign="middle" | <center><font size="+1">'''Tips'''</font></center>
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*If at first you don't find a name, try again under [[Spelling Substitution Tables for the United States and Canada|another spelling]].
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*[[Copying Sources|Photocopy]] each ancestor's census. Identify where you found it.
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*Look for an ancestor in '''''every''''' census during her or his lifetime.
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*On the [[Adding a Custom Event to a PAF Family Group Record|family group record]] show&nbsp;each person's census listings.
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*Study&nbsp;others in the same household, neighbors, and anyone with the similar names nearby on the census in [[Research a Family in Community Context|community context]].
  
For a list of available and missing Maine censuses, [[Maine Censuses Existing and Lost|click here]]. <br>
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<br>  
  
== Availability  ==
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*For a list of the exact date of each federal census, [[Maine Censuses Existing and Lost|click here]].
  
'''1790-1930 Federal Census Records--'''All federal census records 1790 to 1930 are available for Maine with the following exceptions:
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|}
  
'''&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 1800--'''Some of York County is missing.
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=== Online Maine indexes and images  ===
  
'''&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 1810--'''Half of Oxford County is missing.
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{{Census Online Maine}}
  
'''&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 1820--'''Some of Washington County is missing.
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=== Federal population schedules  ===
  
Many federal census records are found at the Family History Library, the National Archives, and other federal and state archives. The [https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/United_States_Census United States Census] article provides detailed information about these records.
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==== Microfilm images  ====
  
'''1800-1840 Census Records in the Family History Library Catalog--'''The Maine census records from&nbsp;1800 to 1840, are not listed by year&nbsp;in the&nbsp;Family History&nbsp;Library Catalog. They are listed &nbsp;under the&nbsp;heading Maine - Census.&nbsp;
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*
  
'''''1850 United States Census'''''—A free Internet index and images to the 1850 United States Census can be viewed on the [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1401638 FamilySearch Record Search – Pilot Site]. This index includes every name listed on the census and is linked to an image including information about each person’s residence and age in 1850, birthplace, occupation, other family members, and neighbors.
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==== Indexes: fiche, film, or book  ====
  
'''1860 United States Census'''''—A free Internet index and images to the 1860 United States Census can be viewed on the [http://search.labs.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1473181 FamilySearch Record Search – Pilot Site.] This index includes every name listed on the census and is linked to an image including information about each person’s residence and age in 1860, birthplace, occupation, other family members, whether married or single, and neighbors.''
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For a list of microform and book indexes for the population schedules of Maine, [[Maine Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book|click here]]
  
'''&nbsp;1870 United States Census---'''A free internet index and images can be viewed on [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1438024 FamilySearch Record Pilot site]. This index includes the full name, age, sex, race, birthplace, occupation, month if born in census year, month if married in census year, birth place of father and mother, if born in a foreign country.
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=== Federal non-population schedules  ===
  
'''''1880 United States Census'''''– A Free Internet Index and Images to the US Census can be viewed on the [http://search.labs.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1417683 Family Search Record Pilot – Pilot Site.] This index includes an every name index to population schedules listing inhabitants. It includes the full name, race, sex, age, birth month (if born during the previous year), relationship to head of household, whether married, single or divorced, whether married during the previous year, country or state of birth of each person and his parent’s, occupation and street address and house number.
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==== Online indexes and images  ====
  
'''1900 Federal Census''' - A free Internet index and images to the 1900 United States Census can be viewed on the&nbsp; [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#start FamilySearch Record Search – Pilot Site<span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1236863911171_679" />]. Important additions to this census are month and year of birth of each household member, number of years married for each married person, number of children born to each mother and the number of those still living, year of immigration, and number of years in the United States.  
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{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1" align="center" width="77%"
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|-
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| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" colspan="11" | <font size="+1">'''Online Federal Non-Population Schedules for Maine'''</font>
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|-
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| bgcolor="#ff9900" colspan="2" | <br>
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| bgcolor="#ff9966" align="center" colspan="3" | '''Free'''
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| bgcolor="#cccccc" align="center" colspan="3" | '''Free at Some Libraries''' (usually&nbsp;with&nbsp;library&nbsp;card)
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| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" | '''Pay'''
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|-
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| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" | '''Year'''
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| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" width="10%" | '''Type'''
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| bgcolor="#ff9966" align="center" | '''Record Search'''
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| bgcolor="#ff9966" align="center" | '''Census Bureau'''
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| bgcolor="#ff9966" align="center" | '''Google Book'''
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| bgcolor="#cccccc" align="center" | '''Heritage Quest'''
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| bgcolor="#cccccc" align="center" | '''Ancestry FHL'''
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| bgcolor="#cccccc" align="center" | '''Ancestry Library'''
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| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" | '''Ancestry Home'''
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|-
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| '''1890'''
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| width="20%" | Veterans
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8667&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8667&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8667&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
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|-
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| '''1880'''
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| width="20%" | Mortality
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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|-
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| '''1870'''
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| Mortality
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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|-
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| '''1860'''
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| Mortality
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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|-
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| '''1850'''
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| Mortality
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| align="center" | [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;c=1420441 Link]
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]  
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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|-
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| '''1840'''
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| Pensioners
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/1840c-01.pdf BookLink]
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| align="center" | [http://books.google.com/books?id=W7JYAAAAMAAJ&dq=1840+census+pensioners&printsec=frontcover&source=bl&ots=W0XUmfgahX&sig=WRyMIVwiePLwKmlxhbchJl1ZeeA&hl=en&ei=SJ0MSvSrBqOMtgf19I2FCA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=10#PPA61,M1 BookLink]
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7678 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7678 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7678 Link]
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|}
  
== Historical Background ==
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==== Microfilm images ====
  
Maine became a state in 1820. In the time period of the 1790, 1800 and 1810 census Maine was known as Maine District, a part of Massachusetts. For searching purposes, the 1790-1810 census records are listed under the state of Maine.  
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*'''1890 Veterans''' United States. Census Office. 11th Census, 1890. Schedules Enumerating Union Veterans and Widows of Union Veterans of the Civil War. Washington, D.C.: The National Archives, 1948. (Family History Library&nbsp;films for Maine [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=230777&disp=Schedules+enumerating+Union+veterans+and++ 338165-6])
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*'''1880 Mortality''' (Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=36961&disp=1880+mortality+schedule%2C+Maine++ film 1841575])
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*'''1870 Mortality''' (Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=292606&disp=Persons+who+died+during+the+year+ending+++ film 0097<span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1229461775149_721" />41])
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*'''1860 Mortality''' (Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=292601&disp=Persons+who+died+during+the+year+ending+++ film 009740])
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*'''1850 Mortality''' (Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=292593&disp=Persons+who+died+during+the+year+ending+++ film 009739])
  
== Indexes  ==
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==== Indexes: fiche, film, or book ====
  
'''1790-1930 Online Index--'''All federal census records for Maine are indexed online at [http://www.ancestry.com www.ancestry.com].  
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For a list of microform and book indexes for the non-population schedules of Maine, [[Maine Non-Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book|click here]].  
  
The following indexes are available at the Family History library: '''1790-1850 Indexes--'''The Family History Library has statewide indexes for the 1790, 1800, 1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, and 1850 censuses in book and microfiche format.
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=== State, territorial, and colonial censuses ===
  
'''1850-1870 Indexes--'''The library also has a partial index of some counties and some towns for the 1850, 1860, and 1870 censuses.  
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*'''1905 State Census''' Only for Scarboro, and Cumberland counties: ''The Scarboro Register 1905'', (Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=956815&disp=The+Scarboro+register+1905%20%20&columns=*,0,0 book 974.191/S1 H2mh])
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*'''1904 State Census''' Only for Kennebunkport, York County: ''The Kennebunkport Register, 1904, (''Family History Library&nbsp;[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=837191&disp=The+Kennebunkport+Register%2C+1904%20%20&columns=*,0,0 book 974.195/K4 E4m])
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*'''1837 State Census--'''A state census was taken in 1837, but only the schedules for Portland, Bangor, Eliot, and unincorporated areas still exist. The census names the head of each household and lists the ages of other persons in the household. It excludes unnaturalized foreigners who were not living in Maine before 1833 and untaxed indians. This census is not at the Family History Library. The schedules for Portland, Bangor, and unincorporated areas are at the [http://maine.gov/sos/arc/ Maine State Archives].&nbsp; The [http://www.mainehistory.org/ Maine Historical Society] has the Eliot section. This census is also known as the [http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~meandrhs/history/usdebt/census/maine/1837.html Maine Special 1837 Census] and it is online.
  
*''Maine Census Indexes, 1850-1870''. Salt Lake City, Utah: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1953. (Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=78880&disp=Maine+census+indexes%2C+1850-1870++ films 009734-8]) Sorted alphabetically by town, then census year. Lists head of household and page number in census.
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=== Existing and lost censuses  ===
 
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'''1880, 1900, 1920 Indexes--'''Soundex (phonetic) indexes are available for part of the 1880 census and all of the 1900 and 1920 censuses.
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'''Town Indexes--'''Town indexes can sometimes help you find names overlooked in statewide indexes. A few town indexes are listed in the Place Search of the Family History Library Catalog under MAINE, [COUNTY], [TOWN] - CENSUS.
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== Special Censuses ==
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==== Mortality Schedules  ====
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+
'''1850-1880--'''The 1850, 1860, 1870, and 1880 censuses have mortality schedules, which are lists of the people who died in the year before the census was taken. The Family History Library, Maine State Archives, and the National Archives have copies of the mortality schedules. The Family History Library film numbers are listed below:&nbsp;
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'''&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 1850''' (Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=292593&disp=Persons+who+died+during+the+year+ending+++ film 009739])
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'''&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 1860''' (Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=292601&disp=Persons+who+died+during+the+year+ending+++ film 009740])
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'''&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 1870''' (Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=292606&disp=Persons+who+died+during+the+year+ending+++ film 0097<span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1229461775149_721" />41])
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'''&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 1880''' (Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=36961&disp=1880+mortality+schedule%2C+Maine++ film 1841575])
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'''1850 United States Census Mortality Schedules'''—A free Internet index and images to the 1850 United States Census Mortality Schedules can be viewed on the [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1420441 FamilySearch Record Search - Pilot Site]. Mortality schedules provided nationwide death statistics for the twelve months&nbsp;prior to the 1850 census.&nbsp; Key genealogical facts found on the 1850 mortality&nbsp;schedule are: Name, age, sex, color, married or widowed, birthplace, month of death, occupation, cause of death.
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<br>[http://mortalityschedules.com/ Mortality Schedules 1850-1880]
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<br>
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==== Veterans’ Censuses  ====
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'''1840 Federal Census--'''A listing was made of Revolutionary War veterans that included the age of the veteran, the place where he was living, and the name of the head of the household . An index is:
+
 
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*A General Index to A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Service, 1840. Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing, 1965. (Family History Library book [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=282860&disp=A+Census+of+pensioners+for+Revolutionary++ 973 X2pc 1965 index]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=283600&disp=A+General+index+to+a+census+of+pensioner++ fiche 6046771]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=282860&disp=A+Census+of+pensioners+for+Revolutionary++ film 899835]) The census of pensioners is published in:
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*A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services: With their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshalls of the Several Judicial Districts, Under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census. (Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=282860&disp=A+Census+of+pensioners+for+Revolutionary++ book 973 X2pc 1840; film 2321])
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'''1890 Federal Census--'''The 1890 census has a veterans schedule, which lists the veterans or their widows who were living when the census was taken. [http://content.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8667&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Ancestry] subscribers can access these records online.
+
 
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For a copy of the veterans schedule, see:
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*Jackson, Ronald Vern. Maine 1890 Veterans Census Index. North Salt Lake, Utah: Accelerated Indexing Systems International, 1990. (Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=288105&disp=Maine+1850+census+index%20%20&columns=*,0,0 book 974.1 X22j 1890])
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*United States. Census Office. 11th Census, 1890. Schedules Enumerating Union Veterans and Widows of Union Veterans of the Civil War. Washington, D.C.: The National Archives, 1948. (Family History Library&nbsp;films for Maine [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=230777&disp=Schedules+enumerating+Union+veterans+and++ 338165-6])
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== State Censuses  ==
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+
'''1837 State Census--'''A state census was taken in 1837, but only the schedules for Portland, Bangor, Eliot, and unincorporated areas still exist. The census names the head of each household and lists the ages of other persons in the household. It excludes unnaturalized foreigners who were not living in Maine before 1833 and untaxed indians. This census is not at the Family History Library. The schedules for Portland, Bangor, and unincorporated areas are at the [http://maine.gov/sos/arc/ Maine State Archives].&nbsp; The [http://www.mainehistory.org/ Maine Historical Society] has the Eliot section. This census is also known as the [http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~meandrhs/history/usdebt/census/maine/1837.html Maine Special 1837 Census] and it is online.
+
 
+
'''1904 State Census--'''Only for Kennebunkport, York County:
+
 
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*''The Kennebunkport Register, 1904, (''Family History Library&nbsp;[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=837191&disp=The+Kennebunkport+Register%2C+1904%20%20&columns=*,0,0 book 974.195/K4 E4m])
+
 
+
'''1905 State Census--'''Only for Scarboro, Cumberland County:
+
 
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*''The Scarboro Register 1905'', (Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=956815&disp=The+Scarboro+register+1905%20%20&columns=*,0,0 book 974.191/S1 H2mh])
+
 
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== Web Sites  ==
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Ancestry:&nbsp; [http://www.ancestry.com http://www.ancestry.com]
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Heritage Quest Online:&nbsp; [http://www.heritagequestonline.com http://www.heritagequestonline.com]
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Census Online:&nbsp; [http://www.census-online.com/links/ME/ http://www.census-online.com/links/ME/]
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For a list of available and missing Maine censuses, [[Maine Censuses Existing and Lost|click here]]. <br>
  
Genealogy Today:&nbsp; [http://dir.genealogytoday.com/usa/me/census.html http://dir.genealogytoday.com/usa/me/census.html]
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=== Why use a census?  ===
  
Access Genealogy:&nbsp; [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/census/maine.htm http://www.accessgenealogy.com/census/maine.htm]
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A well-indexed census is one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor's family lived and when they lived there. You can also use censuses to follow the changes in a family over time, and identify neighbors. These and other clues provided by censuses are important because they help find additional kinds of records about the family.  
  
National Archives:&nbsp; [http://www.archives.gov/ http://www.archives.gov/]
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=== More about censuses  ===
  
Maine State Archives and Libraries:&nbsp; [http://statearchives.us/maine.htm http://statearchives.us/maine.htm]  
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[[United States Census|Click here]] for additional details about how to use censuses, such as:
  
Maine Historical Society:&nbsp; [http://www.mainehistory.org/ http://www.mainehistory.org/]<br>
+
:*[[United States Census Searching|index searching tips]]
 +
:*[[United States Census Analyzing Census Data|analyzing and using what you find]]
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:*[[United States Census Accuracy|census accuracy]]
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:*[[United States Census Historical Background|historical background]]
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:*[[United States Census#Contents_of_Federal_Censuses|contents of various census years and types]]
  
Mortality Schedules:&nbsp; [http://mortalityschedules.com/ http://mortalityschedules.com/]
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=== Sources and footnotes  ===
  
== References  ==
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{{reflist}}
  
''[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/search/RG/frameset_rg.asp?Dest=G1&Aid=&Gid=&Lid=&Sid=&Did=&Juris1=&Event=&Year=&Gloss=&Sub=&Tab=&Entry=&Guide=Maine.ASP Maine Research Outline].'' Salt Lake City, Utah: Intellectual Reserve, Inc., Family History Department, 1998, 2001.
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{{Place|Maine}} {{stub}}
  
 
[[Category:Maine|Census]]
 
[[Category:Maine|Census]]

Revision as of 17:37, 15 February 2010

United States  >  Maine  >  Census

Contents

Tips
  • If at first you don't find a name, try again under another spelling.
  • Photocopy each ancestor's census. Identify where you found it.
  • Look for an ancestor in every census during her or his lifetime.
  • On the family group record show each person's census listings.
  • Study others in the same household, neighbors, and anyone with the similar names nearby on the census in community context.


  • For a list of the exact date of each federal census, click here.

Online Maine indexes and images

1900-1940

Online Federal and State Population Schedules of Maine 
  Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card)* Pay
Family
Search[1]
Internet Archive[2]  Misc.  Heritage Quest[3] Fold3[4] Ancestry FHL[5] Ancestry Library[5] Ancestry Home[5] Archives[6] Family Link[7]
1940 indexes Link - Link
Link
- - Link Link Link - -
images Link - Link
Link
Link
- - Link Link Link Link Link
1930 indexes Link - - - Link Link Link Link Link


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1850-1880

Online Federal and State Population Schedules of Maine 
  Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card)* Pay
Family
Search[1]
Internet Archive[2]  Misc.  Heritage Quest[3] Fold3[4] Ancestry FHL[5] Ancestry Library[5] Ancestry Home[5] Archives[6] Family Link[7]
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1790-1840

Online Federal and State Population Schedules of Maine 
  Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card)* Pay
Family
Search[1]
Internet Archive[2]  Misc.  Heritage Quest[3] Fold3[4] Ancestry FHL[5] Ancestry Library[5] Ancestry Home[5] Archives[6] Family Link[7]
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  Family Search Internet Archive Misc.  Heritage Quest Fold3 Ancestry FHL  Ancestry Library  Ancestry Home Archives Family Link
Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card) Pay


Federal population schedules

Microfilm images

Indexes: fiche, film, or book

For a list of microform and book indexes for the population schedules of Maine, click here

Federal non-population schedules

Online indexes and images

Online Federal Non-Population Schedules for Maine

Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with library card) Pay
Year Type Record Search Census Bureau Google Book Heritage Quest Ancestry FHL Ancestry Library Ancestry Home
1890 Veterans - - - - Link Link Link
1880 Mortality - - - - Link Link Link
1870 Mortality - - - - Link Link Link
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1840 Pensioners - BookLink BookLink - Link Link Link

Microfilm images

  • 1890 Veterans United States. Census Office. 11th Census, 1890. Schedules Enumerating Union Veterans and Widows of Union Veterans of the Civil War. Washington, D.C.: The National Archives, 1948. (Family History Library films for Maine 338165-6)
  • 1880 Mortality (Family History Library film 1841575)
  • 1870 Mortality (Family History Library film 009741)
  • 1860 Mortality (Family History Library film 009740)
  • 1850 Mortality (Family History Library film 009739)

Indexes: fiche, film, or book

For a list of microform and book indexes for the non-population schedules of Maine, click here.

State, territorial, and colonial censuses

  • 1905 State Census Only for Scarboro, and Cumberland counties: The Scarboro Register 1905, (Family History Library book 974.191/S1 H2mh)
  • 1904 State Census Only for Kennebunkport, York County: The Kennebunkport Register, 1904, (Family History Library book 974.195/K4 E4m)
  • 1837 State Census--A state census was taken in 1837, but only the schedules for Portland, Bangor, Eliot, and unincorporated areas still exist. The census names the head of each household and lists the ages of other persons in the household. It excludes unnaturalized foreigners who were not living in Maine before 1833 and untaxed indians. This census is not at the Family History Library. The schedules for Portland, Bangor, and unincorporated areas are at the Maine State Archives.  The Maine Historical Society has the Eliot section. This census is also known as the Maine Special 1837 Census and it is online.

Existing and lost censuses

For a list of available and missing Maine censuses, click here.

Why use a census?

A well-indexed census is one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor's family lived and when they lived there. You can also use censuses to follow the changes in a family over time, and identify neighbors. These and other clues provided by censuses are important because they help find additional kinds of records about the family.

More about censuses

Click here for additional details about how to use censuses, such as:

Sources and footnotes

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 FamilySearch, a free online service of the Family History Library, including free images of many federal censuses, including an index of the 1880 federal census of the United States; connected with 1880 census images provided by Ancestry.com, a subscription site.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Internet Archive, a free online service includes free images of most of the federal censuses.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 HeritageQuest has arranged with many subscribing public libraries in the United States to allow users free access on home computers by means of their personal library card numbers. HeritageQuest provides images of all surviving 1790 to 1930 federal censuses, and indexes to many but not all of them.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Fold3, formerly known as Footnote.com, a subscription site partnering with the National Archives and includes some federal censuses. Free access is available at many public libraries.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.8 Ancestry.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving federal and many state census records, among other sources. They have three online editions: (1) an FHL edition free only at the Family History Library and a few Family History Centers, (2) a slightly smaller Library edition free only at some public libraries, and (3) a Home edition subscription service for individuals.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 Archives.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving federal census records, among other sources.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 FamilyLink.com, a subscription site that provides online images (and some indexes) to all surviving federal and many state census records, among other sources.
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 Maine was part of Massachusetts until 1820, but in the 1790, 1800, and 1810 federal censuses Maine was enumerated separately.