Maine plantations

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*Abbotstown Plantation (Franklin Co.) became [[Temple, Maine]] in 1803.<ref name="CCTPM67">Maine Historical Records Survey Project, Division of Professional and Service Projects, Work Projects Administration, ''Counties, Cities, Towns, and Plantations of Maine: a Handbook of Incorporations, Dissolutions, and Boundary Changes'' (Portland, Maine: The Survey, 1940), 67 (digital p. 76). A digital version is available via {{FHL|283056|item|disp=a link}} in the FHL Catalog.</ref>  
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*Abbotstown Plantation (Franklin Co.) (also known as Number One) became [[Temple, Maine]] in 1803.<ref name="CCTPM67">Maine Historical Records Survey Project, Division of Professional and Service Projects, Work Projects Administration, ''Counties, Cities, Towns, and Plantations of Maine: a Handbook of Incorporations, Dissolutions, and Boundary Changes'' (Portland, Maine: The Survey, 1940), 67 (digital p. 76). A digital version is available via {{FHL|283056|item|disp=a link}} in the FHL Catalog.</ref>  
 
*Allagash Plantation (Aroostook Co.) created 1885; repealed 1933; became [[Allagash, Maine]] in 1978.<ref name="CCTPM67" /> <ref>Leclerc, 127.</ref>  
 
*Allagash Plantation (Aroostook Co.) created 1885; repealed 1933; became [[Allagash, Maine]] in 1978.<ref name="CCTPM67" /> <ref>Leclerc, 127.</ref>  
 
*Alva Plantation (Aroostook Co.) created 1862; became [[Blaine, Maine]] in 1874.<ref name="CCTPM67" />  
 
*Alva Plantation (Aroostook Co.) created 1862; became [[Blaine, Maine]] in 1874.<ref name="CCTPM67" />  
 
*[[Andover North Surplus Plantation, Maine|Andover North Surplus Plantation]] (Oxford Co.) created 1840; now an unorganized territory ([[Maine townships|township]]).<ref name="CCTPM67" /> <ref>[http://www.mainegenealogy.net/individual_place_record.asp?place=andover_north_surplus Andover North Surplus, Oxford County, Maine] in ''Maine Genealogy'' (accessed 16 June 2013).</ref> <ref>"Andover North Surplus" [https://www.maine.gov/online/archives/index.html#search search] in the "Maine Towns Legal Histories dates of incorporation, name and boundaries changes" section of  ''Maine Archive Interactive'' (accessed 16 June 2013).</ref>  
 
*[[Andover North Surplus Plantation, Maine|Andover North Surplus Plantation]] (Oxford Co.) created 1840; now an unorganized territory ([[Maine townships|township]]).<ref name="CCTPM67" /> <ref>[http://www.mainegenealogy.net/individual_place_record.asp?place=andover_north_surplus Andover North Surplus, Oxford County, Maine] in ''Maine Genealogy'' (accessed 16 June 2013).</ref> <ref>"Andover North Surplus" [https://www.maine.gov/online/archives/index.html#search search] in the "Maine Towns Legal Histories dates of incorporation, name and boundaries changes" section of  ''Maine Archive Interactive'' (accessed 16 June 2013).</ref>  
*Annsburg Plantation (Washington Co.) created 1841; became [[Deblois, Maine]] in 1852.<ref name="CCTPM67" />  
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*Annsburg Plantation (Washington Co.) (also knowns as Annsborough) created 1841; became [[Deblois, Maine]] in 1852.<ref name="CCTPM67" />  
 
*Appleton Plantation (Knox Co.) became [[Appleton, Maine]] in 1829.<ref name="CCTPM67" />  
 
*Appleton Plantation (Knox Co.) became [[Appleton, Maine]] in 1829.<ref name="CCTPM67" />  
 
*Appleton Ridge Plantation (Knox Co.) see Appleton Plantation above.<ref name="CCTPM67" />  
 
*Appleton Ridge Plantation (Knox Co.) see Appleton Plantation above.<ref name="CCTPM67" />  
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*[[Lexington, Maine|Lexington]] (Somerset Co.) created a town 1833; made a plantation 1885; became a [[Maine townships|township]] 1939.<ref name="CCTPM84">''Maine Historical Records Survey Project'', 84 (digital p. 93).</ref> <ref>[http://www.mainegenealogy.net/individual_place_record.asp?place=lexington_township Lexington Township, Somerset County, Maine] in ''Maine Genealogy'' (accessed 6 June 2013).</ref>  
 
*[[Lexington, Maine|Lexington]] (Somerset Co.) created a town 1833; made a plantation 1885; became a [[Maine townships|township]] 1939.<ref name="CCTPM84">''Maine Historical Records Survey Project'', 84 (digital p. 93).</ref> <ref>[http://www.mainegenealogy.net/individual_place_record.asp?place=lexington_township Lexington Township, Somerset County, Maine] in ''Maine Genealogy'' (accessed 6 June 2013).</ref>  
 
*Little River Plantation (Franklin Co.) became [[Freeman, Maine|Freeman]] 1808; incorporation surrendered 1937, now Freeman Township  
 
*Little River Plantation (Franklin Co.) became [[Freeman, Maine|Freeman]] 1808; incorporation surrendered 1937, now Freeman Township  
*[[Long Pond Plantation, Maine|Long Pond Plantation]] (Somerset Co.) created 1912; became unorganized territory (a [[Maine townships|township]]) in 1929.<ref name="CCTPM85">''Maine Historical Records Survey Project'', 85 (digital p. 94).</ref> <ref>[http://www.mainegenealogy.net/individual_legal_history_record.asp?place=long_pond_plantation&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;geocode=25833  Legal History of Long Pond Plantation, Maine] in ''Maine Genealogy'' (accessed 6 June 2013).</ref>
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*[[Long Pond Plantation, Maine|Long Pond Plantation]] (Somerset Co.) created 1912; became unorganized territory (a [[Maine townships|township]]) in 1929.<ref name="CCTPM85">''Maine Historical Records Survey Project'', 85 (digital p. 94).</ref> <ref>[http://www.mainegenealogy.net/individual_legal_history_record.asp?place=long_pond_plantation&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;geocode=25833  Legal History of Long Pond Plantation, Maine] in ''Maine Genealogy'' (accessed 6 June 2013).</ref>
  
 
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Revision as of 18:17, 15 September 2013

United States Gotoarrow.png Maine Gotoarrow.png Maine plantations

Monhegan Village on Monhegan Island, a Maine plantation in the Gulf of Maine, with Manana Island behind.
In Maine a plantation is a form of local self-government intended to help a town-sized area with a low population to transition toward full town status as they increase their population and government services.[1] Plantations do not have their own representative in the Maine legislature. Most have meetings and keep records of meetings. Towns and plantations maintained records of their citizens' births, marriages, and deaths from their founding until 1922, even though statewide registration began in 1892. Look for Maine plantation records the same way you look for Maine town records.

Some of Maine's populated coastal islands outside the borders of a town are organized as plantations. However, most of Maine's 34 plantations are in sparsely populated forests inland.

Status changes. Plantations that increase in population may become a town. Also, some plantations have lost population and been changed to unincorporated townships without meetings or record-keeping. If an ancestor lived in a plantation that became a township, look for the records of the former plantation in a nearby town in the same county.

Modern Maine Plantations (listed by county)

*Maine plantations normally referenced without using that descriptor.[2]

Statistics.  Maine currently has organized 34 plantations[2], about 425 townships (unincorporated territories), 454 towns or cities, and three Indian reservations. The unorganized township territories include slightly over half the land area of Maine.[3]

Discontinued Maine Plantations

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  • Bachelder's Grant Plantation (Oxford County) became part of Stoneham, Maine in 1834.[4]
  • Bakerstown Plantation (Androscoggin County) existed 1779 as an area of Poland, Maine.[4]
  • Ballstown Plantation (Lincoln County) set off east part as Jefferson, Maine in 1807; became Whitefield, Maine in 1809.[4]
  • Bancroft Plantation (Aroostook County) created 1840; became Bancroft, Maine in 1889.[4]
  • Barker Plantation (Aroostook County) created part of Nichols Academy Grant (also known as T1 R3 WELS) in 1853; became part of Reed Plantation, Maine.[4] [8]
  • Barnard Plantation (Piscataquis County) 1895-1982; became unorganized territory of Barnard Township, Maine.[4] [9]
  • Barretstown Plantation (Knox County) became Hope, Maine in 1804.[4]
  • Beaverhill Plantation (Waldo Co.) became Freedom, Maine in 1803.[10]
  • Belfast Academy Grant Plantation (Aroostook Co.) created 1840?; became Ludlow, Maine in 1864.[10]
  • Benedicta Plantation (Aroostook Co.) created 1840 in T2 R5 and north half of T1 R5 (also known as Golden Ridge, or Silver Ridge). Also, created 1860 from west half of T2 R5 and became Benedicta, Maine in 1873.[10]
  • Big Lake Plantation (Washington Co.) created 1840? or 1841? (also known as Grand Lake Stream, Hinkley, Number 3 R1, and Number 21); became unorganized territory of Big Lake Township, Maine.[10]
  • Bigelow Plantation (Somerset Co.) created 1870, became Bigelow Plantation, Maine in 1895; surrendered its plantation organization 1940.[10]
  • Blakesburg Plantation (Penobscot Co.) created 1824?; became Bradford, Maine in 1831.[10]
  • Bloomfield Plantation (Franklin Co.) created 1841 (also known as Copelin, Coplin, Jackson).[10]
  • Blue Hill Bay Plantation (Hancock Co.) became Blue Hill, Maine in 1789.[10]
  • Bostwick Plantation (Oxford Co.) became Newry, Maine in 1805.[10]
  • Bowerbank Plantation (Piscataquis Co.) created 1888 and 1895; became Bowerbank, Maine in 1907.[10]
  • Bridge's Plantation (Waldo Co.) became Kingville 1812; Joy 1815; Montgomery 1826; and Troy, Maine in 1827.[10]
  • Bridgeton Plantation (Piscataquis Co.) (also known as Number 3 R1 BKP EKR) taxed 1812, 1814; became Wellington, Maine in 1828.[11]
  • Bridgewater Plantation (Aroostook Co.) (also known as Alva, Bridgewater Academy Grant, Letter B, Monticello, and Portland Academy Grant) created 1844; became Bridgewater, Maine in 1858.[11]
  • Bridgewater Academy Grant Plantation (Aroostook Co.) see Bridgewater Plantation above.[11]
  • Bridgton Plantation (Cumberland Co.) existed spelled as Bridgeton by 1779; became Bridgton, Maine in 1794.[11]
  • Buckstown Plantation (Hancock Co.) incorporated as the town of Buckstown 1792; name changed to Bucksport, Maine 1817.[12]

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  • E Plantation

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  • Gardinerstown

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  • Hamlin

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  • Independence

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  • Jackman

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  • Katahdin Iron Works Plantation

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  • Milton Plantation (Oxford Co.) discontinued 1944, now Milton Township

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  • Number 1 Plantation (Franklin Co.) became Temple, Maine in 1803.
  • Number 6 Plantation (Franklin Co.) became Berlin 1824; incorporation repealed 1842, now Township 6 North of Weld

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  • Oakfield

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  • Page's Mills Plantation

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  • Rangeley

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  • Saint Francis Plantation

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  • Talmadge

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  • Van Buren

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  • Wade

References

  1. Michael J. Leclerc, Genealogist's Handbook for New England Research. (Boston, Mass.: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2012), 126. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL book 974 D27g 2012
  2. 2.0 2.1 List of plantations in Maine in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia (accessed 1 March 2013).
  3. Municipalities (section) of "Maine" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maine (accessed 27 February 2013).
  4. 4.00 4.01 4.02 4.03 4.04 4.05 4.06 4.07 4.08 4.09 4.10 4.11 4.12 4.13 4.14 Maine Historical Records Survey Project, Division of Professional and Service Projects, Work Projects Administration, Counties, Cities, Towns, and Plantations of Maine: a Handbook of Incorporations, Dissolutions, and Boundary Changes (Portland, Maine: The Survey, 1940), 67 (digital p. 76). A digital version is available via a link in the FHL Catalog.
  5. Leclerc, 127.
  6. Andover North Surplus, Oxford County, Maine in Maine Genealogy (accessed 16 June 2013).
  7. "Andover North Surplus" search in the "Maine Towns Legal Histories dates of incorporation, name and boundaries changes" section of Maine Archive Interactive (accessed 16 June 2013).
  8. "01 r03 -- Alternate common name of Nichols Academy Grant. 00/00/2000 to 06/02/1860" search in the "Maine Towns Legal Histories dates of incorporation, name and boundaries changes" section of Maine Archive Interactive (accessed 30 August 2013).
  9. "Barnard plantation -- Organized as a plantation. 03/04/1895 to 03/31/1982" search in the "Maine Towns Legal Histories dates of incorporation, name and boundaries changes" section of Maine Archive Interactive (accessed 30 August 2013).
  10. 10.00 10.01 10.02 10.03 10.04 10.05 10.06 10.07 10.08 10.09 10.10 Maine Historical Records Survey Project, 68 (digital p. 77).
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.3 Maine Historical Records Survey Project, 69 (digital p. 78).
  12. Bucksport, Hancock County, Maine in Maine Genealogy (accessed 15 September 2013).
  13. Maine Historical Records Survey Project, 70 (digital p. 79).
  14. Maine Historical Records Survey Project, 141 (digital p. 150).
  15. Concord Township, Somerset County, Maine in Maine Genealogy (accessed 4 June 2013).
  16. Leclerc, 152.
  17. Maine Historical Records Survey Project, 73 (digital p. 82).
  18. Dead River Township, Somerset County, Maine in Maine Genealogy (accessed 6 June 2013).
  19. Maine Historical Records Survey Project, 75 (digital p. 84).
  20. Flagstaff Township, Somerset County, Maine in Maine Genealogy (accessed 6 June 2013).
  21. Flagstaff, Maine in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia (accessed 6 June 2013).
  22. Maine Historical Records Survey Project, 84 (digital p. 93).
  23. Lexington Township, Somerset County, Maine in Maine Genealogy (accessed 6 June 2013).
  24. Maine Historical Records Survey Project, 85 (digital p. 94).
  25. Legal History of Long Pond Plantation, Maine in Maine Genealogy (accessed 6 June 2013).