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United States Gotoarrow.png U.S. Military Gotoarrow.png Maryland Gotoarrow.png Military Records

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Contents


Many military records are found at the Family History Library, the National Archives, and other federal and state archives. The U.S. Military Records Research Page provides more information on the federal records.

Historical, Veterans and Lineage Societies

  • Maryland Military Historical Society was formed in 1982 to preserve the history, heritage, and memory of Maryland's organized militia. In addition to their focus on the militia, the Society strives to preserve the memory of the military accomplishments of all Marylanders, regardless of branch of service. The Historical Society was the instrumental in the establishment of the Maryland Museum of Military History.
  • Records of veterans’ organizations and lineage societies may be found at their national headquarters or at state archives, historical societies, and Libraries. Some Societies require members to submit applications documenting their ancestry back to a soldier. The applications typically provide birth, marriage, and death information, as well as establish relationship through multiple generations from the applicant to the qualifying ancestors, making these societies an excellent source of information. They may publish membership lists and other records. To contact these societies refer to the Maryland Societies page. For eligibility requirements, contact the individual society.

Forts

Throughout the beautiful land of Maryland historic Forts have dotted the land. Several are still standing and are now National Parks. Some forts no longer exist, but the history they leave behind gives us clues to the life of our ancestors.

Colonial Wars (1632-1775)

Many colonists served in local militias and participated in King William’s War (1689 to 1697), Queen Anne’s War (1702 to 1713), King George’s War (1744 to 1748), and the French and Indian War (1754 to 1763). Because these were local units and not part of the British Army, any surviving records are in historical societies and state libraries and archives. For more information about Colonial Wars see the Colonial Wars page.

  • Maryland Muster Rolls, Fort Cumberland, 1757-58[1] The Maryland State Archives has a card index to muster and pay rolls for the colonial wars from 1732 to 1772.
  • Colonial Soldiers of the South, 1732-1774 [2]Pages 1-123 include lists of Maryland militia from 1732 to 1763. The source sometimes lists residence. It is indexed.
  • "Register of the Maryland Society of the Colonial Dames of America, 1891-1915" (Google Books) (Worldcat) - lists women who are members of the society and a description of the ancestors military or political service.

Revolutionary War (1775-1783)

The original service records and the earliest pension records of the Revolutionary War were destroyed in fires in 1800 and 1814. Substitute records were used to make the compiled service records. These records are in Record Group 93 at the National Archives. For more detailed information see the Revolutionary War in Maryland page.

General information about this war can be found on the Revolutionary War Page.

The 1835 Pension Roll

On June 5, 1834, the U.S. Senate required the Secretary of War to submit a statement showing the names of pensioners who were on the pension rolls or had previously been on the pension rolls. For more information on the 1835 Pension Roll see Revolutionary War Pension Records. The 1835 Pension Roll of Maryland, which includes Revolutionary War pensioners and heirs of War of 1812 casualties, is available online:

War of 1812 (1812-1815)

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The War of 1812 between Britain and the United States confirmed the separate existence of the United States and the future Canada.

See the Wiki article, Maryland in the War of 1812, for information concerning military records, histories, links to relevant web sites, etc. for Maryland.

There are helpful nationwide records for soldiers of the War of 1812. For more information, see United States in the War of 1812.

Service Records

These records have not been microfilmed, so you must order photocopies from the National Archives. The Family History Library does have a microfilm copy of the index to these records. ($) Ancestry.com also has an index available online by clicking here.

  • A roster of soldiers and sailors with their rank and unit, compiled by Louis Henry Dielman, is in The British Invasion of Maryland, 1812-1815 [3]  Click here to view this book online.
  • Published abstracts of muster, pay, and receipt rolls of soldiers who served in the militia are in Maryland Militia War of 1812 [4]
  • A list of American prisoners kept at Dartmoor Prison in England is found in Dartmoor Prison [5]6,554 Americans were kept at this prison. Approximately 581 died while prisoners.

Pension Records

These records have not been microfilmed, so you must order photocopies from the National Archives. The Family History Library does have a microfilm copy of the index to these records [6] The Family History Library also has the following index to pension records Index to War of 1812 Pension Files [7]

Copy Print.

A report of the special committee, First Branch city council, Baltimore, Maryland, respecting the measures necessary to be adopted to commemorate the repulse of British Forces before Baltimore on the 12th and 13th September, 1814 (Salt Lake City, Utah: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1814) FHL Film 6209788

Mexican War (1846-1848)

A list of Maryland volunteers is found in Maryland and District of Columbia Volunteers in the Mexican War. [8]This book lists the soldier’s rank, unit, city of enlistment, and age. For more information about the Mexican War see the Mexican War page.

Civil War (1861-1865)

Battle of Antietam, Maryland, USA, 17 September 1862
See Maryland in the Civil War for information about Maryland Civil War records, web sites, etc. with links to articles about the Maryland regiments involved in the Civil War. The regimental pages often include lists of the companies with links to the counties where the companies started. Men in the companies often lived in the counties where the companies were raised. Knowing a county can help when researching the families of the soldiers.

The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System allows name searching for soldiers. The result set gives the regiments for the soldiers. Then you can check the Wiki regiment pages to determine counties. Often knowing the counties that had men in a regiment will help you determine if a soldier was your ancestor

Wiki articles describing online collections are found at:.

Spanish-American War (1898)

  • Roster of the Soldiers and Sailors Who Served in Organizations from Maryland during the Spanish-American War [9]

World War I (1917-1918)

Draft Cards:

  • United States. Selective Service System. Maryland, World War I Selective Service System Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918. Washington, DC: National Archives, 1987-1988. (On 57 Family History Library films beginning with 1654024 These cards have been digitized and are searchable online. See WWI Draft Records for more information.

Published lists of servicemen include:

  • Maryland War Records Commission. Maryland in the World War I, 1917-19 [10] The Family History Library has only volume two, which contains surnames beginning with J to Z.
  • Soldiers of the Great War [11]Volume 1 lists the Maryland soldiers who died in World War I and provides photographs. Full Text is at Google Books
  • World War I Draft Registration Records (free). An Access Genealogy directory leads to text-based draft registration card data on RootsWeb. The data contains the registrant's name, birth date, ethnic group, birth location, and location of registration.

World War II (1941-1945)

Over 16.5 million men and women served in the armed forces during World War II, of whom 291,557 died in battle, 113,842 died from other causes, and 670,846 were wounded. Because of privacy restrictions and loss of records, it is usually best to document World War II service by finding home sources, or by writing to the Adjutant General’s Office of the state from which a soldier served. Discharges may also have been recorded at local county courthouses. Many records may no longer be available due to a 1973 fire at the National Personnel Records Center. To learn more about World War II see the World War II page.

  • Maryland in World War II: Register of Service Personnel[12]
  • Ancestry has U.S. World War II Army Enlistment Records, 1938-1946 ($)
  • WorldVitalRecords ($) Naval Academy - Lucky Bag Yearbook This database contains the following years: 1902,1911,1915,1917 - 1918,1920 - 1921,1923 - 1939,1941 - 1946,1948 - 1951,1953 - 1955,1957,1959 - 1960
  • A series of books entitled "Young American Patriots", published shortly after the war, documented the service of soldiers from different states including Maryland and Delaware. The series of books included photos and a short biography of some of the soldiers from the state.

Korean War (1950-1953)

There were 518 causalities from Maryland in the Korean War. U.S. military personnel who died from hostile action (including missing and captured) in the Korean war, 1950-1957 are listed alphabetically by name at AII POW-MIA Causalities. This website also gives information on the date of death or date declared dead. Another list of casualties from Maryland in the Korean War is listed in the Korean War Project. To learn more about the Korean War see the Korean War page.

Vietnam War (1964-1972)

Maryland had 1046 of it's citizens lose their lives in the Vietnam War. A searchable index can be found at Maryland Distant Cousin. To learn more about the Vietnam War see the Vietnam War page.

Websites

References

  1. Maryland Muster Rolls, Fort Cumberland, 1757-58. Salt Lake City, Utah: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1949. The original papers are at the Maryland Historical Society. (Family History Library film 013158 item 1.)
  2. Clark, Murtie June. Colonial Soldiers of the South, 1732-1774. Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1983; 975 M29c Family History Library book ISBN: 0806310367 9780806310367.
  3. Marine, William M. The British Invasion of Maryland, 1812-1815. 1913. Reprint, Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1977. Family History Library book 975.2 M2m; film 1036720 item 2
  4. Wright, Frederick Edward. Maryland Militia War of 1812. Seven Volumes. Silver Spring, Maryland: Family Line Publications, 1979-. Family History Library book 975.2 M2w
  5. Huntsberry, Thomas V. and Joanne M. Dartmoor Prison. Baltimore, Maryland: J. Mart, 1984. Family History Library book 975.2 M2h vol. 3
  6. (on 102 Family History Library films beginning with 840431, NARA M0313)
  7. White, Virgil D. Index to War of 1812 Pension Files. Transcribed by Virgil D. White. 2 vols. Waynesboro, Tennessee: National Historical Publishing Company, 1992. Family History Library book 973 M22i 1992
  8. Wells, Charles J. Maryland and District of Columbia Volunteers in the Mexican War. Westminster, Maryland: Family Line Publications, 1991. Family History Library book 975.2 M2weISBN 0940907194, 9780940907195
  9. Roster of the Soldiers and Sailors Who Served in Organizations from Maryland during the Spanish-American War. Reprint. Westminster, Maryland: Family Line Publications, 1990. Original is Baltimore, Maryland: W.J.C. Dulany, 1901. Family History Library book 975.2 M2r
  10. Maryland War Records Commission. Maryland in the World War I, 1917-19. Military and Naval Service Records. Two Volumes. Baltimore, Maryland: Maryland War Records Commission, 1933. Family History Library film 1670787
  11. Haulsee, W.M., F.G. Howe, and A.C. Doyle. Soldiers of the Great War. Three Volumes. Washington, DC: Soldiers Record Publishing Association, 1920. Family History Library book 973 M23s; fiche 6051244
  12. War Records Division, Maryland Historical Society. Maryland in World War II: Register of Service Personnel. Five Volumes. Baltimore, Maryland: Maryland Historical Society, 1965. (Not at the Family History Library.) WorldCat

 

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