Maryland and Delaware, Freedmen's Bureau Field Office Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)Edit This Page

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{{FamilySearch_Collection
 
{{FamilySearch_Collection
|CID=CID1989156
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|CID=CID1989156  
|title=Maryland and Delaware, Freedmen's Bureau Letters
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|title=Maryland and Delaware, Freedmen's Bureau Field Office Records, 1865-1872
|location=United States
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|location=Maryland
|scheduled=}}<br>
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}}<br>  
  
 
== Record Description  ==
 
== Record Description  ==
  
The Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands (often called the Freedmen’s Bureau) was created in 1865 at the end of the American Civil War to supervise relief efforts including education, health care, food and clothing, refugee camps, legalization of marriages, employment, labor contracts, and securing back pay, bounty payments, and pensions. These records include letters and endorsements sent and received, account books, applications for rations, applications for relief, court records, labor contracts, registers of bounty claimants, registers of complaints, registers of contracts, registers of disbursements, registers of freedmen issued rations, registers of patients, reports, rosters of officers and employees, special and general orders and circulars received, special orders and circulars issued, records relating to claims, court trials, property restoration, and homesteads. This collection corresponds with NARA microfilm publication M1906, Records of the Field Offices for the States of Maryland and Delaware, Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, 1865-1872.  
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The Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands (often called the Freedmen’s Bureau) was created in 1865 at the end of the American Civil War to supervise relief efforts including education, health care, food and clothing, refugee camps, legalization of marriages, employment, labor contracts, and securing back pay, bounty payments and pensions. These records include letters and endorsements sent and received, account books, applications for rations, applications for relief, court records, labor contracts, registers of bounty claimants, registers of complaints, registers of contracts, registers of disbursements, registers of freedmen issued rations, registers of patients, reports, rosters of officers and employees, special and general orders and circulars received, special orders and circulars issued, records relating to claims, court trials, property restoration, and homesteads. This collection corresponds with NARA microfilm publication M1906, Records of the Field Offices for the States of Maryland and Delaware, Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, 1865-1872. The record type field list the NARA roll number and collection name. For a list of Freedmen's Bureau personnel see the appendix in the descriptive pamphlet. [https://familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https%3A%2F%2Ffamilysearch.org%2Frecapi%2Fsord%2Fwaypoint%2F9C3M-C6L%3A266114801%3Fcc%3D1989156 A descriptive pamphlet]
  
== Citation for This Collection  ==
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{{Collection_Browse_Link
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|CID=CID1989156
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|title=Maryland and Delaware, Freedmen's Bureau Field Office Records, 1865-1872
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|}}
  
The following citation refers to the original source of the data and images published on FamilySearch.org Historical Records. It may include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.
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== Record Content  ==
  
{{Collection citation| text=<!--bibdescbegin-->Maryland and Delaware. Field Offices for the States of Maryland and Delaware, Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands. Freedmen's Bureau Letters, 1865-1870. NARA M1906. National Archive and Records Center. Washington, D.C.<!--bibdescend--> }}
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<gallery widths="160px" heights="120px" perrow="3">
 
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Image:North Carolina Freedmen's Bureau Letter (09-0472) DGS 4567385 351.jpg|Letter
[[Maryland and Delaware, Freedmen's Bureau Letters (FamilySearch Historical Records)#Citation_Example_for_a_Record_Found_in_This_Collection|Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.]]
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</gallery>
 
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== Record Content  ==
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The following important genealogical information is often found in Bureau records:  
 
The following important genealogical information is often found in Bureau records:  
 
[[Image:North Carolina Freedmen's Bureau Letter (09-0472) DGS 4567385 351.jpg|thumb|right]]
 
  
 
*Name of the freedman  
 
*Name of the freedman  
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The Freedmen’s Bureau records are a major source of genealogical information about post Civil War African Americans. To begin your search it is helpful to know the name and some other identifying information such as age, residence or former owner.  
 
The Freedmen’s Bureau records are a major source of genealogical information about post Civil War African Americans. To begin your search it is helpful to know the name and some other identifying information such as age, residence or former owner.  
  
==== Search the Collection ====
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=== Search the Collection ===
  
To search the collection you will need to follow this series of links:<br>
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To search the collection:<br> ⇒Select the "Browse" link in the initial search page<br> ⇒Select the "Freedmen's Bureau Office or Subordinate Field Office Location"<br> ⇒Select the "NARA Roll Number - Contents" which takes you to the images<br>  
⇒Select the "Browse" link in the initial search page<br>
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⇒Select the "_____________" category<br>
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⇒Select the "_____________" category<br>
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⇒Select the "_____________" category which takes you to the images<br>
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Look at the images one by one comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine which one is your ancestor. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to make this determination.  
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Look at each image comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine if the image relates to them. You may need to look at several images and compare the information about the individuals listed in those images to your ancestors to make this determination. Keep in mind:
  
==== Using the Information ====
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*There may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
 +
*You may not be sure of your own ancestor’s name.
 +
*Your ancestor may have used different names or variations of their name throughout their life.
 +
 
 +
=== Using the Information ===
  
 
When you have located your ancestor’s record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. Save a copy of the image or transcribe the information. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details such as a title, an occupation, or land ownership. Add this new information to your records of each family. You should also look for leads to other records about your ancestors. For example use the place of residence, age, and other information for each person to search for the individuals in census records and other types of records.  
 
When you have located your ancestor’s record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. Save a copy of the image or transcribe the information. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details such as a title, an occupation, or land ownership. Add this new information to your records of each family. You should also look for leads to other records about your ancestors. For example use the place of residence, age, and other information for each person to search for the individuals in census records and other types of records.  
  
==== Tips to Keep in Mind ====
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=== Tips to Keep in Mind ===
  
 
*The records are a good source to quickly identify a family group and residence.  
 
*The records are a good source to quickly identify a family group and residence.  
*Former slaves may have had used multiple names or changed their names until they decided upon one particular name. Search all possible names along with variations or spellings of their known names.
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*Former slaves may have had used multiple names or changed their names until they decided upon one particular name. Search all possible names along with variations or spellings of their known names.  
 
*If you cannot find your ancestor search the indexes and records of neighboring localities.
 
*If you cannot find your ancestor search the indexes and records of neighboring localities.
  
==== General Information About Freedmen's Bureau Records ====
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{{Tip|Don't overlook items in the FamilySearch Library Catalog:
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:*{{FHL|Maryland, Freedmen's Bureau|keywords|disp}}
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:*{{FHL|Delaware, Freedmen's Bureau|keywords|disp}}
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For other libraries (local and national) or to gain access to items of interest, see the wiki articles:
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:*[[Maryland Archives and Libraries]]
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:*[[Delaware Archives and Libraries]]
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For additional information about these states see the wiki articles:
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:*[[Maryland Genealogy|Maryland]]
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:*[[Delaware Genealogy|Delaware]]}}
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=== General Information About Freedmen's Bureau Records ===
  
 
The Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands was established in the War Department in March of 1865. It was commonly called the Freedman’s Bureau and was responsible for the management and supervision of matters relating to refuges, freedmen, and abandoned lands. The Bureau assisted disenfranchised Americans, primarily African Americans, with temporal, legal and financial matters, with the intent of helping people to become self-sufficient. Matters handled included the distributing of food and clothing; operating temporary medical facilities; acquiring back pay, bounty payments, and pensions; facilitating the creation of schools, including the founding of Howard University; reuniting family members; handling marriages; and providing banking services. Banking services were provided by the establishment of the Freedman’s Saving and Trust Company, or Freedman’s Bank.  
 
The Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands was established in the War Department in March of 1865. It was commonly called the Freedman’s Bureau and was responsible for the management and supervision of matters relating to refuges, freedmen, and abandoned lands. The Bureau assisted disenfranchised Americans, primarily African Americans, with temporal, legal and financial matters, with the intent of helping people to become self-sufficient. Matters handled included the distributing of food and clothing; operating temporary medical facilities; acquiring back pay, bounty payments, and pensions; facilitating the creation of schools, including the founding of Howard University; reuniting family members; handling marriages; and providing banking services. Banking services were provided by the establishment of the Freedman’s Saving and Trust Company, or Freedman’s Bank.  
  
The Bureau functioned as an agency of the War Department from approximately June 1865 until December 1868. In 1872, the functions of the Bureau were transferred to the Freedmen’s Branch of the Adjutant General’s Office.<br>
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The Bureau functioned as an agency of the War Department from approximately June 1865 until December 1868. In 1872, the functions of the Bureau were transferred to the Freedmen’s Branch of the Adjutant General’s Office.<br>  
  
 
The Bureau assisted over one million African Americans, including many of the nearly four million emancipated slaves, which was over 25% of the population of former slaves in America.  
 
The Bureau assisted over one million African Americans, including many of the nearly four million emancipated slaves, which was over 25% of the population of former slaves in America.  
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== Related Websites  ==
 
== Related Websites  ==
  
*[http://www.archives.gov/research/genealogy/index.html National Archives Resources for Genealogists]  
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*[http://www.archives.gov/publications/prologue/1997/summer/freedmens-bureau-records.html Freedmen's Bureau Records: An Overview]
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*[http://www.archives.gov/research/ National Archives - Research Our Records]  
 
*[http://www.history.umd.edu/Freedmen/fssppubs.htm Publications of the Freedmen and Southern Society Project]
 
*[http://www.history.umd.edu/Freedmen/fssppubs.htm Publications of the Freedmen and Southern Society Project]
  
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*[[African American Research|African American Research]]
 
*[[African American Research|African American Research]]
  
== Citing Family Search Historical Collections  ==
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== How You Can Contribute ==
  
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.
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{{Contributor invite}}
  
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article [[Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].
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== Citations for This Collection ==
  
=== Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection  ===
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When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information; that is, cite your sources. This will help people find the record again and evaluate the reliability of the source. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records. Citations are available for the collection as a whole and each record or image individually.
  
{{Incomplete Section}}  
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'''Collection Citation''':<br>
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{{Collection citation | text= "Maryland and Delaware, Freedmen's Bureau Field Office Records, 1865-18722." Images. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2015. Citing NARA publication M1906. National Archive and Records Center. Washington, D.C.}}<br><br>
  
*“Delaware Marriage Records,” database and digital images, FamilySearch ([https://www.familysearch.org]: 4 March 2011), William Anderson and Elizabeth Baynard Henry, 1890; from Delaware, State Marriage Records 23 November 1913, no. 859, Delaware Bureau of Archives and Records Management, Dover; FHL microfilm 2,025,063.
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'''Image Citation'''<br> {{Image_Citation_Link
 
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|CID=CID1989156
*“El Salvador Civil Registration,” database and digital images, FamilySearch ([https://www.familysearch.org]: 21 March 2011), Jose Maria Antonio del Carmen, 1880; from La Libertad, San Juan Opico, Nacimientos 1879-1893, image 50; Ministerio Archivo Civil de la Alcaldia Municipal, San Salvador.
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|title=Maryland and Delaware, Freedmen's Bureau Field Office Records, 1865-18722
 +
|}}

Latest revision as of 21:39, 6 July 2015

FamilySearch Record Search This article describes a collection of historical records available at FamilySearch.org.

Contents

Record Description

The Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands (often called the Freedmen’s Bureau) was created in 1865 at the end of the American Civil War to supervise relief efforts including education, health care, food and clothing, refugee camps, legalization of marriages, employment, labor contracts, and securing back pay, bounty payments and pensions. These records include letters and endorsements sent and received, account books, applications for rations, applications for relief, court records, labor contracts, registers of bounty claimants, registers of complaints, registers of contracts, registers of disbursements, registers of freedmen issued rations, registers of patients, reports, rosters of officers and employees, special and general orders and circulars received, special orders and circulars issued, records relating to claims, court trials, property restoration, and homesteads. This collection corresponds with NARA microfilm publication M1906, Records of the Field Offices for the States of Maryland and Delaware, Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, 1865-1872. The record type field list the NARA roll number and collection name. For a list of Freedmen's Bureau personnel see the appendix in the descriptive pamphlet. A descriptive pamphlet

You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for Maryland and Delaware, Freedmen's Bureau Field Office Records, 1865-1872.

Record Content

The following important genealogical information is often found in Bureau records:

  • Name of the freedman
  • Name of the freedman’s former owner
  • Date of the record
  • Birthplace
  • Residence
  • Age
  • Bride
  • Groom
  • Marriage date
  • Marriage place

How to Use the Records

The Freedmen’s Bureau records are a major source of genealogical information about post Civil War African Americans. To begin your search it is helpful to know the name and some other identifying information such as age, residence or former owner.

Search the Collection

To search the collection:
⇒Select the "Browse" link in the initial search page
⇒Select the "Freedmen's Bureau Office or Subordinate Field Office Location"
⇒Select the "NARA Roll Number - Contents" which takes you to the images

Look at each image comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine if the image relates to them. You may need to look at several images and compare the information about the individuals listed in those images to your ancestors to make this determination. Keep in mind:

  • There may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
  • You may not be sure of your own ancestor’s name.
  • Your ancestor may have used different names or variations of their name throughout their life.

Using the Information

When you have located your ancestor’s record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. Save a copy of the image or transcribe the information. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details such as a title, an occupation, or land ownership. Add this new information to your records of each family. You should also look for leads to other records about your ancestors. For example use the place of residence, age, and other information for each person to search for the individuals in census records and other types of records.

Tips to Keep in Mind

  • The records are a good source to quickly identify a family group and residence.
  • Former slaves may have had used multiple names or changed their names until they decided upon one particular name. Search all possible names along with variations or spellings of their known names.
  • If you cannot find your ancestor search the indexes and records of neighboring localities.

General Information About Freedmen's Bureau Records

The Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands was established in the War Department in March of 1865. It was commonly called the Freedman’s Bureau and was responsible for the management and supervision of matters relating to refuges, freedmen, and abandoned lands. The Bureau assisted disenfranchised Americans, primarily African Americans, with temporal, legal and financial matters, with the intent of helping people to become self-sufficient. Matters handled included the distributing of food and clothing; operating temporary medical facilities; acquiring back pay, bounty payments, and pensions; facilitating the creation of schools, including the founding of Howard University; reuniting family members; handling marriages; and providing banking services. Banking services were provided by the establishment of the Freedman’s Saving and Trust Company, or Freedman’s Bank.

The Bureau functioned as an agency of the War Department from approximately June 1865 until December 1868. In 1872, the functions of the Bureau were transferred to the Freedmen’s Branch of the Adjutant General’s Office.

The Bureau assisted over one million African Americans, including many of the nearly four million emancipated slaves, which was over 25% of the population of former slaves in America.

The records identify those who sought help from the Bureau at the end of the Civil War. Most supplicants were freed slaves, some of which were military veterans. In addition, a few veterans who were not African Americans also sought help from the Bureau. Freedmen’s Bureau records are usually reliable, because the records were supplied through first-person correspondence or the recording of a marriage.

Related Websites

Related Wiki Articles

How You Can Contribute

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.


Citations for This Collection

When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information; that is, cite your sources. This will help people find the record again and evaluate the reliability of the source. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records. Citations are available for the collection as a whole and each record or image individually.

Collection Citation:

"Maryland and Delaware, Freedmen's Bureau Field Office Records, 1865-18722." Images. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2015. Citing NARA publication M1906. National Archive and Records Center. Washington, D.C.

Image Citation

The citation for an image is available on each image in this collection by clicking Show Citation at the bottom left of the image screen. You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for Maryland and Delaware, Freedmen's Bureau Field Office Records, 1865-18722.

 

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  • This page was last modified on 6 July 2015, at 21:39.
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