Massachusetts, Boston Passenger Lists, 1820-1891 (FamilySearch Historical Records)Edit This Page
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|This article describes a collection of historical records available at FamilySearch.org.|
Access the records: Massachusetts, Boston Passenger Lists, 1820-1891 .
The collection is images of Boston Passenger Lists for 1820 through 1891. There is a nine-year gap between March 31, 1874 and April, 1883. Corresponds to NARA publication M277: Passenger Lists of Vessels Arriving at Boston, Massachusetts, 1820-1891.
The lists consist of large sheets of paper divided into columns and rows. Earlier lists are handwritten, while most after 1917 are typewritten. Lists after 1906 usually occupy two pages.
Passenger arrival lists known as customs manifests date back to 1820. In 1883, the federal government mandated the creation of ship manifests and in 1891, Congressional action resulted in federal immigration officials recording the immigrants’ arrival. For a list of records by localities and dates currently published in this collection, select the Browse.
Citation for This Collection
- Massachusetts. Massachusetts, Boston Passenger Lists, 1820-1891. National Archives and Record Center. NARA M277. FHL microfilm, 115 rolls, Family History Library Salt Lake City, Utah.
Information about creating source citations for FamilySearch Historical Collections is listed in the wiki article Help:How to Create Source Citations For FamilySearch Historical Records Collections.
The content of the records varies by time period. You may find any of the following information:
- Name of immigrant
- Close relatives
- Birthplace or last residence
- Intended destination
- Marital status
- Nationality and race
- Date of arrival
- Port of departure
How to Use the Record
To begin your search it is helpful to know:
- The full name of your ancestor
- The date of immigration
If you do not know this information, check the census records after 1900.
Search the Collection
From the roll number description, select the set of dates that are appropriate for your ancestor. Search the images for those years until you find your ancestors. Compare the information about those people in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to find your ancestor.
Using the Information
When you have located your ancestor’s record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. Make a photocopy of the record, or extract the genealogical information needed. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details. Add this new information to your records of each family. The information may also lead you to other records about your ancestors.
The following examples show ways you can use the information:
- Use the age listed to calculate a birthdate.
- Use the names and relationships as a basis for compiling family groups.
- Use the last residence or port of departure to find records in his or her country of origin such as emigrations, port records, or ship’s manifests.
- Use the occupation to search for employment and guild records.
- Use the intended destination to search for church, census, and land records.
Tips to Keep in Mind
- Search the passenger lists to identify siblings, parents, and other relatives in the same or other generations who may have immigrated at the same time.
- If your ancestor had a common name, be sure to look at all the entries for that date before you decide which is correct.
- If your ancestor has an uncommon surname, you may want to obtain the passenger list of every person who shares your ancestor’s surname if they lived in the same county or nearby. You may not know how or if they are related, but the information could lead you to more information about your own ancestors.
If you do not find the name you are looking for, try the following:
- Check for variant spellings.
- Look for an index. Records are often indexed by local historical and genealogical societies. There may also be another collection which is an index to the records.
- Search the indexes of other port cities.
Please note that when you select an image to view, sometimes the manifest includes more than one page, and when you use the "click to enlarge manifest" link, the image that appears is not always the first page of the record. You may need to click on the "previous" or "next" links to view the remaining pages of the full manifest.
Why the Record Was Created
The passenger arrival list was used by legal inspectors to question each immigrant during a legal inspection prior to the person being allowed to live in America. Only two percent of the prospective immigrants were denied entry.
The information was supplied by the immigrant or a traveling companion (usually a family member). Incorrect information was occasionally given, or mistakes may have been made when the clerk guessed at the spelling of foreign names.
- National Archives Catalog Description
- Boston Passenger Lists 1820-1891
- Boston Research Notes
- Immigration and Naturalization Records
Related Wiki Articles
- Boston, Masssachusetts
- Massachusetts Emigration and Immigration
- United States Emigration and Immigration
Contributions to This Article
Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections
Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection
"Massachusetts, Boston Passenger Lists, 1820-1891," digital images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org: accessed 23 March 2012), 011-Apr 1, 1837-Aug 31, 1838 > Image 6 of 881, Francis Edmonds, age 20, citing Massachusetts, Boston Passenger Lists, National Archives and Records Center.
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