Massachusetts, Boston Passenger Lists, 1891-1943 (FamilySearch Historical Records)

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{{FamilySearch_Collection|CID=CID1860873|title=Massachusetts, Boston Passenger Lists, 1891-1943|location=United States}} <br>  
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{{FamilySearch_Collection
 +
|CID=CID1923995
 +
|title=Massachusetts, Boston Passenger Lists, 1891-1943
 +
|location=United States}}<br>  
  
== Collection Time Period ==
+
== Record Description ==
  
This information pertains to ships’ passenger lists created from 1891 to 1943.  
+
Boston Passenger Lists for 1891 through 1943. Corresponds to NARA publication T843: Passenger Lists of Vessels Arriving at Boston, Massachusetts, 18-1891-1943.  
 
+
== Record Description  ==
+
  
 
The lists consist of large sheets of paper divided into columns and rows. Earlier lists are handwritten, while most after 1917 are typewritten. Lists after 1906 usually occupy two pages.  
 
The lists consist of large sheets of paper divided into columns and rows. Earlier lists are handwritten, while most after 1917 are typewritten. Lists after 1906 usually occupy two pages.  
  
=== Record Content  ===
+
Passenger arrival lists known as customs manifests date back to 1820. In 1883, the federal government mandated the creation of ship manifests and in 1891, Congressional action resulted in federal immigration officials recording the immigrants’ arrival.&nbsp;
  
[[Image:Ellis Island Passenger List.jpg|thumb|right]] Most passenger lists, include the following information:
+
For a list of records by localities and dates currently published in this collection, select the [https://www.familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https%3A//api.familysearch.org/records/collection/1923995/waypoints Browse].
  
*Name of immigrant  
+
This information pertains to ships’ passenger lists created from 1891 to 1943.&nbsp;
*Close relatives
+
 
*Age
+
The passenger arrival list was used by legal inspectors to question each immigrant during a legal inspection prior to the person being allowed to live in America. Only two percent of the prospective immigrants were denied entry.
*Sex
+
 
*Birthplace or last residence  
+
The information was supplied by the immigrant or a traveling companion (usually a family member). Incorrect information was occasionally given, or mistakes may have been made when the clerk guessed at the spelling of foreign names.
*Intended destination
+
 
*Marital status
+
== Record Content  ==
*Nationality and race
+
 
*Occupation
+
<gallery perrow="3" heights="120px" widths="160px">
*Date of arrival
+
Image:Massachusetts, Boston Passenger Lists, 1891-1943 (10-0671) DGS 5103934 208.jpg|Massachusetts, Boston Passenger List
*Port of departure
+
</gallery>
 +
 
 +
The content of the records varies by time period. You may find any of the following information:
 +
 
 +
*Port of departure and sailing date
 +
*Port of entry and arrival date
 +
*Name and age of immigrant
 +
*Gender, marital status and occupation
 +
*Country of citizenship or last country of residence  
 +
*Name and address of relative in former country
 +
*Birthplace
 +
*Intended final destination
 +
*Name and address of friend or relative where going
 +
*Physical description
  
 
== How to Use the Record  ==
 
== How to Use the Record  ==
  
Begin your search by finding your ancestors in the index. Name indexes make it possible to access a specific record quickly. Check the index for the surname and then the given name. You may need to look at many entries to find the one you are seeking. Remember that these indexes may contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.
+
To begin your search it is helpful to know:
  
When searching the index it is helpful to know the full name of your ancestor and the approximate date of immigration. If you do not know this information, check the census records after 1900.
+
*The full name of your ancestor  
 +
*The date of immigration
  
Use the locator information found in the index (such as name of the ship, page, or entry number) to locate your ancestors in the records. Compare the information in the record to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct person. You may need to compare the information of more than one person to make this determination.  
+
If you do not know this information, check the census records after 1900.  
  
When you have located your ancestor’s record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. Add this new information to your records of each family. For example:
+
==== Search the Collection  ====
  
Use passenger lists to:
+
The easiest way to search the collection is by name. Fill in your ancestor’s name in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person.
  
*Learn an immigrant’s place of origin
+
If you did not find your ancestor in the name search you will need to search the collection image by image.<br> ⇒Select "Browse through images" on the initial collection page <br> ⇒Select "NARA Roll No. - Description" which takes you to the images.  
*Confirm their date of arrival
+
*Learn foreign and “Americanized” names
+
*Find records in his or her country of origin such as emigrations, port records, or ship’s manifests.
+
  
You may also find these tips helpful:
+
Look at the images one by one. Again you will need to compare the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine which one is your ancestor.
  
*If your ancestor had a common name, be sure to look at all the entries for a name before you decide which is correct.
+
Be aware that with either search you may need to compare the information about more than one person to make this determination. Keep in mind:
*Continue to search the passenger lists to identify siblings, parents, and other relatives in the same or other generations who may have immigrated at the same time.
+
*If your ancestor has an uncommon surname, you may want to obtain the passenger list of every person who shares your ancestor’s surname if they lived in the same county or nearby. You may not know how or if they are related, but the information could lead you to more information about your own ancestors.
+
  
If you do not find the name you are looking for, try the following:
+
*There may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
 +
*You may not be sure of your own ancestor’s name.
 +
*Your ancestor may have used different names or variations of their name throughout their life.
 +
*If your ancestor used an alias or a nickname, be sure to check for those alternate names.
 +
*Even though these indexes are very accurate they may still contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.
  
*Check for variant spellings. Realize that the indexes may contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings and misinterpretations.  
+
For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line video at [http://broadcast.lds.org/familysearch/2011-12-03-familysearch-search-tips-1000k-eng.mp4 FamilySearch Search Tips].  
*Try a different index if there is one for the years needed. You may also need to search the passenger lists year by year.  
+
*Search the indexes of other port cities.
+
  
Please note that when you select an image to view, sometimes the manifest includes more than one page, and when you use the "click to enlarge manifest" link, the image that appears is not always the first page of the record. You may need to click on the "previous" or "next" links to view the remaining pages of the full manifest.<br>
+
==== Using the Information  ====
  
== Record History  ==
+
When you have located your ancestor’s record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. Make a photocopy of the record, or extract the genealogical information needed. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details. Add this new information to your records of each family. The information may also lead you to other records about your ancestors.
  
Passenger arrival lists known as customs manifests date back to 1820. In 1883, the federal government mandated the creation of ship manifests and in 1891, Congressional action resulted in federal immigration officials recording the immigrants’ arrival.
+
The following examples show ways you can use the information:
  
=== Why this Record Was Created  ===
+
*Use the age listed to calculate a birthdate.
 +
*Use the names and relationships as a basis for compiling family groups.
 +
*Use the last residence or port of departure to find records in his or her country of origin such as emigrations, port records, or ship’s manifests.
 +
*Use the occupation to search for employment and guild records.
 +
*Use the intended destination to search for church, census, and land records.
  
The passenger arrival list was used by legal inspectors to question each immigrant during a legal inspection prior to the person being allowed to live in America. Only two percent of the prospective immigrants were denied entry.
+
==== Tips to Keep in Mind  ====
  
=== Record Reliability  ===
+
*Search the passenger lists to identify siblings, parents, and other relatives in the same or other generations who may have immigrated at the same time.
 +
*If your ancestor had a common name, be sure to look at all the entries for that date before you decide which is correct.
 +
*If your ancestor has an uncommon surname, you may want to obtain the passenger list of every person who shares your ancestor’s surname if they lived in the same county or nearby. You may not know how or if they are related, but the information could lead you to more information about your own ancestors.
  
The information was supplied by the immigrant or a traveling companion (usually a family member). Incorrect information was occasionally given, or mistakes may have been made when the clerk guessed at the spelling of foreign names.
+
If you do not find the name you are looking for, try the following:
  
== Related Websites  ==
+
*Check for variant spellings.
 +
*Look for an index. Records are often indexed by local historical and genealogical societies. There may also be another collection which is an index to the records.
 +
*Search the indexes of other port cities.
  
[http://www.germanroots.com/bostonlists1820.html Boston Passenger Lists 1820-1891]
+
Please note that when you select an image to view, sometimes the manifest includes more than one page, and when you use the "click to enlarge manifest" link, the image that appears is not always the first page of the record. You may need to click on the "previous" or "next" links to view the remaining pages of the full manifest.  
  
[http://www.theshipslist.com/Research/OddBoston.htm Boston Research Notes]
+
<br>
  
[http://www.archives.gov/southeast/finding-aids/microfilm/immigration.html Immigration and Naturalization Records]
+
== Related Websites  ==
  
This section of the article is incomplete. You can help FamilySearch Wiki by supplying links to related web sites here.  
+
*[http://arcweb.archives.gov/arc/action/ExternalIdSearch?id=4319742&jScript=true National Archives Catalog Description]
 +
*[http://www.germanroots.com/bostonlists1820.html Boston Passenger Lists 1820-1891]
 +
*[http://www.theshipslist.com/Research/OddBoston.htm Boston Research Notes]
 +
*[http://www.archives.gov/southeast/finding-aids/microfilm/immigration.html Immigration and Naturalization Records]
  
 
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
 
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
  
[https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/Boston,_Massachusetts Boston, Masssachusetts]
+
*[[Boston, Massachusetts|Boston, Masssachusetts]]  
 
+
*[[Massachusetts Emigration and Immigration]]
[[United States Emigration and Immigration|United States Emigration and Immigration]]  
+
*[[United States Emigration and Immigration]]
  
 
== Contributions to This Article  ==
 
== Contributions to This Article  ==
Line 88: Line 111:
 
{{Contributor invite}}  
 
{{Contributor invite}}  
  
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections ==
+
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections ==
 +
 
 +
Citations for individual image records are available for this collection. Browse through images in this collection and click on the "Show Citation" box: [https://familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https://familysearch.org/records/collection/1923995/waypoints Massachusetts, Boston Passenger Lists, 1891-1943]
 +
 
 +
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.
  
When you copy information from a record, you should also list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.
+
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article [[Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].  
  
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the Wiki Article: [[Help:How to Create Source Citations For FamilySearch Historical Records Collections]].
+
=== Citation for This Collection  ===
  
==== Examples of Source Citations for a Record in This Collection  ====
+
The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Records collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records.<br>
  
"Massachusetts, Boston Passenger Lists, 1820-1891." index and images, ''FamilySearach'' (https://www.familysearch.org: accessed 21 April 2011.) entry for Francis Edmonds, age 20; citing Passenger Lists, 011-Apr 1, 1837-Aut 31, 1838, Image 6; National Archives and Records Center.
+
{{Collection citation | text= "Massachusetts, Boston Passenger Lists, 1891-1943." Images. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013. Citing NARA microfilm publication T843. Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.}}
  
== Sources of Information for This Collection  ==
+
[[Massachusetts, Boston Passenger Lists, 1891-1943 (FamilySearch Historical Records)#Citation_Example_for_a_Record_Found_in_This_Collection|Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.]]
  
<!--bibdescbegin-->“Massachusetts, Boston Passenger Lists, 1891-1943,” images&nbsp;''FamilySearch'' ([http://familysearch.org http://familysearch.org]/); from National Archives and Record Center. NARA T843 and NARA M277. FHL microfilm, 454 rolls, Family History Library Salt Lake City, Utah. <!--bibdescend-->
+
=
  
 
[[Category:Massachusetts|Emigration and Immigration]]
 
[[Category:Massachusetts|Emigration and Immigration]]

Revision as of 21:33, 1 November 2013

FamilySearch Record Search This article describes a collection of historical records available at FamilySearch.org.

Contents

Record Description

Boston Passenger Lists for 1891 through 1943. Corresponds to NARA publication T843: Passenger Lists of Vessels Arriving at Boston, Massachusetts, 18-1891-1943.

The lists consist of large sheets of paper divided into columns and rows. Earlier lists are handwritten, while most after 1917 are typewritten. Lists after 1906 usually occupy two pages.

Passenger arrival lists known as customs manifests date back to 1820. In 1883, the federal government mandated the creation of ship manifests and in 1891, Congressional action resulted in federal immigration officials recording the immigrants’ arrival. 

For a list of records by localities and dates currently published in this collection, select the Browse.

This information pertains to ships’ passenger lists created from 1891 to 1943. 

The passenger arrival list was used by legal inspectors to question each immigrant during a legal inspection prior to the person being allowed to live in America. Only two percent of the prospective immigrants were denied entry.

The information was supplied by the immigrant or a traveling companion (usually a family member). Incorrect information was occasionally given, or mistakes may have been made when the clerk guessed at the spelling of foreign names.

Record Content

The content of the records varies by time period. You may find any of the following information:

  • Port of departure and sailing date
  • Port of entry and arrival date
  • Name and age of immigrant
  • Gender, marital status and occupation
  • Country of citizenship or last country of residence
  • Name and address of relative in former country
  • Birthplace
  • Intended final destination
  • Name and address of friend or relative where going
  • Physical description

How to Use the Record

To begin your search it is helpful to know:

  • The full name of your ancestor
  • The date of immigration

If you do not know this information, check the census records after 1900.

Search the Collection

The easiest way to search the collection is by name. Fill in your ancestor’s name in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person.

If you did not find your ancestor in the name search you will need to search the collection image by image.
⇒Select "Browse through images" on the initial collection page
⇒Select "NARA Roll No. - Description" which takes you to the images.

Look at the images one by one. Again you will need to compare the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine which one is your ancestor.

Be aware that with either search you may need to compare the information about more than one person to make this determination. Keep in mind:

  • There may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
  • You may not be sure of your own ancestor’s name.
  • Your ancestor may have used different names or variations of their name throughout their life.
  • If your ancestor used an alias or a nickname, be sure to check for those alternate names.
  • Even though these indexes are very accurate they may still contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.

For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line video at FamilySearch Search Tips.

Using the Information

When you have located your ancestor’s record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. Make a photocopy of the record, or extract the genealogical information needed. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details. Add this new information to your records of each family. The information may also lead you to other records about your ancestors.

The following examples show ways you can use the information:

  • Use the age listed to calculate a birthdate.
  • Use the names and relationships as a basis for compiling family groups.
  • Use the last residence or port of departure to find records in his or her country of origin such as emigrations, port records, or ship’s manifests.
  • Use the occupation to search for employment and guild records.
  • Use the intended destination to search for church, census, and land records.

Tips to Keep in Mind

  • Search the passenger lists to identify siblings, parents, and other relatives in the same or other generations who may have immigrated at the same time.
  • If your ancestor had a common name, be sure to look at all the entries for that date before you decide which is correct.
  • If your ancestor has an uncommon surname, you may want to obtain the passenger list of every person who shares your ancestor’s surname if they lived in the same county or nearby. You may not know how or if they are related, but the information could lead you to more information about your own ancestors.

If you do not find the name you are looking for, try the following:

  • Check for variant spellings.
  • Look for an index. Records are often indexed by local historical and genealogical societies. There may also be another collection which is an index to the records.
  • Search the indexes of other port cities.

Please note that when you select an image to view, sometimes the manifest includes more than one page, and when you use the "click to enlarge manifest" link, the image that appears is not always the first page of the record. You may need to click on the "previous" or "next" links to view the remaining pages of the full manifest.


Related Websites

Related Wiki Articles

Contributions to This Article

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. Guidelines are available to help you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide. If you would like to get more involved join the WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections

Citations for individual image records are available for this collection. Browse through images in this collection and click on the "Show Citation" box: Massachusetts, Boston Passenger Lists, 1891-1943

When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.

A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections.

Citation for This Collection

The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Records collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records.

"Massachusetts, Boston Passenger Lists, 1891-1943." Images. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013. Citing NARA microfilm publication T843. Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.

Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.

=