Massachusetts, State Census, 1865 (FamilySearch Historical Records)

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== Record Description  ==
 
== Record Description  ==
 +
 +
This Collection will include records from 1865.<br>
  
 
The census schedules consisted of large sheets with rows and columns. The schedules were arranged by street in order of visitation.  
 
The census schedules consisted of large sheets with rows and columns. The schedules were arranged by street in order of visitation.  
  
In 1855, the legislature directed that a census be taken on June 1 of that year and every 10 years thereafter. The 1865 census was conducted on May 1. The census schedules were delivered to the State Secretary and eventually sent to the State Archives for safe keeping.&nbsp;These records cover more than 95% of the Massachusetts population.&nbsp; For a list of records by localities and dates currently published in this collection, select the [https://www.familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https%3A//api.familysearch.org/records/collection/1410399/waypoints Browse].
+
In 1855, the legislature directed that a census be taken on June 1 of that year and every 10 years thereafter. The 1865 census was conducted on May 1. The census schedules were delivered to the State Secretary and eventually sent to the State Archives for safe keeping.&nbsp;These records cover more than 95% of the Massachusetts population.&nbsp;  
  
This information pertains to records created in 1865.&nbsp;
+
For a list of records by localities and dates currently published in this collection, select the [https://www.familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https%3A//api.familysearch.org/records/collection/1410399/waypoints Browse].  
  
 
The state census of Massachusetts was taken in order to enumerate the population for representation purposes.  
 
The state census of Massachusetts was taken in order to enumerate the population for representation purposes.  
  
 
Censuses are usually reliable, depending on the knowledge of the informant and the care of the census enumerator. Information may have been given to a census taker by any member of the family or by a neighbor. Some information may have been incorrect or deliberately falsified.  
 
Censuses are usually reliable, depending on the knowledge of the informant and the care of the census enumerator. Information may have been given to a census taker by any member of the family or by a neighbor. Some information may have been incorrect or deliberately falsified.  
 
== Citation for This Collection  ==
 
 
The following citation refers to the original source of the data and images published on FamilySearch.org Historical Records. It may include the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records.
 
 
{{Collection citation
 
| text=<!--bibdescbegin-->Massachusetts Secretary of the Commonwealth. Massachusetts state census, 1865. Massachusetts State Archives, Boston, Massachusetts.<!--bibdescend--> }}}
 
 
[[Massachusetts 1865 State Census (FamilySearch Historical Records) #Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection|Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.]]
 
  
 
=== Record Content  ===
 
=== Record Content  ===
  
Genealogical information in the census:  
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<gallery widths="160px" heights="120px" perrow="3">
 +
Image:Massachusetts 1865 Census.jpg|Massachusetts 1865 Census
 +
</gallery>
  
[[Image:Massachusetts 1865 Census.jpg|thumb|right]]
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Information in the census:  
  
 +
*City and ward where census was taken
 
*Name  
 
*Name  
 
*Age  
 
*Age  
 +
*Gender
 +
*Race
 
*Birthplace  
 
*Birthplace  
*Sex
+
*Occupation
*Color
+
*Marital status
*Condition (Marital status, 1865 only)
+
*Occupation
+
  
 
== How to Use the Records  ==
 
== How to Use the Records  ==
  
Begin your search by finding your ancestors in the census index. Use the locator information in the index (such as page number or family number) to locate your ancestors in the census. Some on-line indexes, such as indexes to FamilySearch Historical Records, will take you directly to an image. Compare the information in the census to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information of more than one family or person to make this determination. Be aware that as with any index, transcription errors may occur.
+
To begin your search it is helpful to know  
  
In the Record Search index for this collection, "household id" represents column two on the original census, which is labeled "Families numbered in the order of visitation".
+
*The name of your ancestor
 +
*Some other identifying information such as age, birth place or residence
  
When you have located your ancestor in the census, carefully evaluate each piece of information about them. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors.
+
==== Search the Collection  ====
  
For example:  
+
To search the collection by name fill in your ancestor’s name in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about those in the list to what you already know about your own ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person.
 +
 
 +
If you did not find the person you were looking for, you may need to search the collection image by image. <br> ⇒Select "Browse through images" on the initial collection page <br> ⇒Select the appropriate "County" <br> ⇒Select the appropriate "Town, Ward" which takes you to the images.
 +
 
 +
Look at the images one by one. Again you will need to compare the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine which one is your ancestor.
 +
 
 +
Be aware that with either search you may need to compare the information about more than one person to make this determination. Keep in mind:
 +
 
 +
*There may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
 +
*You may not be sure of your own ancestor’s name.
 +
*Your ancestor may have used different names or variations of their name throughout their life.
 +
*If your ancestor used an alias or a nickname, be sure to check for those alternate names.
 +
*Even though these indexes are very accurate they may still contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.
 +
 
 +
For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line video at [http://broadcast.lds.org/familysearch/2011-12-03-familysearch-search-tips-1000k-eng.mp4 FamilySearch Search Tips].
 +
 
 +
==== Using the Information  ====
 +
 
 +
When you have located your ancestor in the census, carefully evaluate each piece of information about them. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. For example:  
  
 
*Use the age listed to determine an approximate birth date. This date along with the place of birth can help you find a birth record. Birth records often list biographical and marital details about the parents and close relatives other than the immediate family.  
 
*Use the age listed to determine an approximate birth date. This date along with the place of birth can help you find a birth record. Birth records often list biographical and marital details about the parents and close relatives other than the immediate family.  
Line 50: Line 65:
 
*Use the race information to find records related to that ethnicity such as records of the Freedman’s Bureau or Indian censuses.  
 
*Use the race information to find records related to that ethnicity such as records of the Freedman’s Bureau or Indian censuses.  
 
*Use the naturalization information to find their naturalization papers in the county court records. It can also help you locate immigration records such as a passenger list which would usually be kept records at the port of entry into the United States.  
 
*Use the naturalization information to find their naturalization papers in the county court records. It can also help you locate immigration records such as a passenger list which would usually be kept records at the port of entry into the United States.  
*If they are subject to military service they may have military files in the State or National Archives.  
+
*If they are subject to military service they may have military files in the State or National Archives.
*Occupations listed can lead you to other types of records such as employment or school records; children’s occupations are often listed as “at school.”
+
  
It is often helpful to extract the information on all families with the same surname in the same general area. If the surname is uncommon, it is likely that those living in the same area were related.
+
==== Tips to Keep in Mind  ====
 
+
Be sure to extract all families before you look at other records. The relationships given will help you to organize family groups. The family groupings will help you identify related families when you discover additional information in other records.
+
 
+
Some other helpful tips to keep in mind are:
+
  
 +
*In the Record Search index for this collection, "household id" represents column two on the original census, which is labeled "Families numbered in the order of visitation".
 +
*Occupations listed can lead you to other types of records such as employment or school records; children’s occupations are often listed as “at school.”
 +
*It is often helpful to extract the information on all families with the same surname in the same general area. If the surname is uncommon, it is likely that those living in the same area were related.
 +
*Be sure to extract all families before you look at other records. The relationships given will help you to organize family groups. The family groupings will help you identify related families when you discover additional information in other records.
 
*Married family members may have lived nearby but in a separate household so you may want to search an entire town, neighboring towns, or even a county.  
 
*Married family members may have lived nearby but in a separate household so you may want to search an entire town, neighboring towns, or even a county.  
 
*You may be able to identify an earlier generation if elderly parents were living with or close by a married child.  
 
*You may be able to identify an earlier generation if elderly parents were living with or close by a married child.  
Line 64: Line 78:
 
*Additional searches may be needed to locate all members of a particular family in the census.  
 
*Additional searches may be needed to locate all members of a particular family in the census.  
 
*The census may identify persons for whom other records do not exist.
 
*The census may identify persons for whom other records do not exist.
 +
 +
==== Unable to Find Your Ancestor?  ====
 +
 +
*Look for variant spellings of the names. You should also look for nicknames and abbreviated names.
 +
*Look for another index. Local genealogical and historical societies often have indexes to local records.
 +
*Try alternative search methods such as only filling in the surname search box (or the given name search box) on the landing page leaving the other box empty and then click on search. This should return a list of everyone with that particular name. You could then browse the list for individuals with the same family number.
 +
*There is also the possibility that a family was missed in the census.
  
 
For a summary of this information see the wiki article: [[United States, How to Use the Records Summary (FamilySearch Historical Records)|United States, How to Use the Records Summary (FamilySearch Historical Records)]].  
 
For a summary of this information see the wiki article: [[United States, How to Use the Records Summary (FamilySearch Historical Records)|United States, How to Use the Records Summary (FamilySearch Historical Records)]].  
 +
 +
== Known Issues with This Collection  ==
 +
 +
{{HR Known Issues}}For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached [[Massachusetts, State Census, 1865 (FamilySearch Historical Records)/Known Issues|Wiki article]]. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to [mailto:support@familysearch.org support@familysearch.org]. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.
  
 
== Related Websites  ==
 
== Related Websites  ==
  
{{Incomplete Section}}
+
*[http://www.censusfinder.com/massachusetts.htm Census Finder]
 +
*[http://www.sec.state.ma.us/arc/arcgen/genidx.htm#census Massachusetts Archive]
 +
*[http://www.newhorizonsgenealogicalservices.com/ma-census.htm New Horizons Genealogy]
 +
*[http://www.recordsbase.com/?act=census&fc=86&fck=massachusetts&utm_source=adw&utm_medium=cpc&utm_campaign=census&creativeid=g10181376224&utm_term=massachusetts%20census&group=adw-massachusetts-census&network=g&site=&ran=1817387801380216582&target=&aceid=&asl=%5bname%5d&pos=1o1&mob=&match=b&location=massachusetts&gclid=CKHY_Kv3_LUCFZE-Mgodr3wAHA Records Base]
  
 
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
 
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
  
*[https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/Massachusetts Massachusetts]  
+
*[[Massachusetts]]  
 
*[[Massachusetts Census]]
 
*[[Massachusetts Census]]
  
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== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
 
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
 +
 +
Citations for individual image records are available for this collection. Browse through images in this collection and click on the "Show Citation" box: [https://familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https://familysearch.org/records/collection/1410399/waypoints Massachusetts, State Census, 1865]
  
 
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.  
 
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.  
Line 86: Line 116:
 
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article [[Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections|Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].  
 
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article [[Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections|Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].  
  
=== Citation for a Record Found in This Collection ===
+
=== Citation for This Collection ===
 +
 
 +
The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Records collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records.<br>
 +
 
 +
{{Collection citation | text= "Massachusetts, State Census, 1865." Index and Images. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013. Citing Secretary of the Commonwealth. State Archives, Boston.}}
  
"Massachusetts, State Census, 1865," index and images, ''FamilySearch'' (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/MQH7-DL6&nbsp;: accessed 22 May 2012), Peter M Peterson in household of Peter M Peterson, Boston, Ward 01, Suffolk, Massachusetts; citing Massachusetts State Census Records, FHL mocrofilm 954,374; Massachusetts State Archives, Boston, Massachusetts, United States.  
+
<br> [[Massachusetts 1865 State Census (FamilySearch Historical Records)#Citation_Example_for_a_Record_Found_in_This_Collection|Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.]]
  
 
[[Category:Massachusetts|Census]]
 
[[Category:Massachusetts|Census]]

Revision as of 21:53, 1 November 2013

FamilySearch Record Search This article describes a collection of historical records available at FamilySearch.org.
Access the records: Massachusetts State Census, 1865 .

Contents

Record Description

This Collection will include records from 1865.

The census schedules consisted of large sheets with rows and columns. The schedules were arranged by street in order of visitation.

In 1855, the legislature directed that a census be taken on June 1 of that year and every 10 years thereafter. The 1865 census was conducted on May 1. The census schedules were delivered to the State Secretary and eventually sent to the State Archives for safe keeping. These records cover more than 95% of the Massachusetts population. 

For a list of records by localities and dates currently published in this collection, select the Browse.

The state census of Massachusetts was taken in order to enumerate the population for representation purposes.

Censuses are usually reliable, depending on the knowledge of the informant and the care of the census enumerator. Information may have been given to a census taker by any member of the family or by a neighbor. Some information may have been incorrect or deliberately falsified.

Record Content

Information in the census:

  • City and ward where census was taken
  • Name
  • Age
  • Gender
  • Race
  • Birthplace
  • Occupation
  • Marital status

How to Use the Records

To begin your search it is helpful to know

  • The name of your ancestor
  • Some other identifying information such as age, birth place or residence

Search the Collection

To search the collection by name fill in your ancestor’s name in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about those in the list to what you already know about your own ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person.

If you did not find the person you were looking for, you may need to search the collection image by image.
⇒Select "Browse through images" on the initial collection page
⇒Select the appropriate "County"
⇒Select the appropriate "Town, Ward" which takes you to the images.

Look at the images one by one. Again you will need to compare the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine which one is your ancestor.

Be aware that with either search you may need to compare the information about more than one person to make this determination. Keep in mind:

  • There may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
  • You may not be sure of your own ancestor’s name.
  • Your ancestor may have used different names or variations of their name throughout their life.
  • If your ancestor used an alias or a nickname, be sure to check for those alternate names.
  • Even though these indexes are very accurate they may still contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.

For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line video at FamilySearch Search Tips.

Using the Information

When you have located your ancestor in the census, carefully evaluate each piece of information about them. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. For example:

  • Use the age listed to determine an approximate birth date. This date along with the place of birth can help you find a birth record. Birth records often list biographical and marital details about the parents and close relatives other than the immediate family.
  • Birth places can tell you former residences and can help to establish a migration pattern for the family.
  • Use the race information to find records related to that ethnicity such as records of the Freedman’s Bureau or Indian censuses.
  • Use the naturalization information to find their naturalization papers in the county court records. It can also help you locate immigration records such as a passenger list which would usually be kept records at the port of entry into the United States.
  • If they are subject to military service they may have military files in the State or National Archives.

Tips to Keep in Mind

  • In the Record Search index for this collection, "household id" represents column two on the original census, which is labeled "Families numbered in the order of visitation".
  • Occupations listed can lead you to other types of records such as employment or school records; children’s occupations are often listed as “at school.”
  • It is often helpful to extract the information on all families with the same surname in the same general area. If the surname is uncommon, it is likely that those living in the same area were related.
  • Be sure to extract all families before you look at other records. The relationships given will help you to organize family groups. The family groupings will help you identify related families when you discover additional information in other records.
  • Married family members may have lived nearby but in a separate household so you may want to search an entire town, neighboring towns, or even a county.
  • You may be able to identify an earlier generation if elderly parents were living with or close by a married child.
  • You may be able to identify a younger generation if a young married couple still lived with one of their sets of parents.
  • Additional searches may be needed to locate all members of a particular family in the census.
  • The census may identify persons for whom other records do not exist.

Unable to Find Your Ancestor?

  • Look for variant spellings of the names. You should also look for nicknames and abbreviated names.
  • Look for another index. Local genealogical and historical societies often have indexes to local records.
  • Try alternative search methods such as only filling in the surname search box (or the given name search box) on the landing page leaving the other box empty and then click on search. This should return a list of everyone with that particular name. You could then browse the list for individuals with the same family number.
  • There is also the possibility that a family was missed in the census.

For a summary of this information see the wiki article: United States, How to Use the Records Summary (FamilySearch Historical Records).

Known Issues with This Collection

Important.png Problems with this collection?
See a list of known issues, workarounds, tips, restrictions, future fixes, news and other helpful information.

For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached Wiki article. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to support@familysearch.org. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.

Related Websites

Related Wiki Articles

Contributions to This Article

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. Guidelines are available to help you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide. If you would like to get more involved join the WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections

Citations for individual image records are available for this collection. Browse through images in this collection and click on the "Show Citation" box: Massachusetts, State Census, 1865

When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.

A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections.

Citation for This Collection

The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Records collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records.

"Massachusetts, State Census, 1865." Index and Images. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013. Citing Secretary of the Commonwealth. State Archives, Boston.


Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.