Massachusetts, State Census, 1865 (FamilySearch Historical Records)

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{{Record_Search_article|CID=CID1410399|title=Massachusetts State Census, 1865|location=United States}}<br>
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{{Record_Search_article|CID=CID1410399 |title=Massachusetts State Census, 1865|location=United States}}<br>  
  
== Collection Time Period ==
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== Record Description ==
  
This information pertains to records created in 1865.  
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This Collection will include records from 1865.<br>
 
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== Record Description  ==
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The census schedules consisted of large sheets with rows and columns. The schedules were arranged by street in order of visitation.  
 
The census schedules consisted of large sheets with rows and columns. The schedules were arranged by street in order of visitation.  
 +
 +
In 1855, the legislature directed that a census be taken on June 1 of that year and every 10 years thereafter. The 1865 census was conducted on May 1. The census schedules were delivered to the State Secretary and eventually sent to the State Archives for safe keeping.&nbsp;These records cover more than 95% of the Massachusetts population.&nbsp;
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For a list of records by localities and dates currently published in this collection, select the [https://www.familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https%3A//api.familysearch.org/records/collection/1410399/waypoints Browse].
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The state census of Massachusetts was taken in order to enumerate the population for representation purposes.
 +
 +
Censuses are usually reliable, depending on the knowledge of the informant and the care of the census enumerator. Information may have been given to a census taker by any member of the family or by a neighbor. Some information may have been incorrect or deliberately falsified.
 +
 +
== Citation for This Collection  ==
 +
 +
The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Records collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records.<br>
 +
 +
{{Collection citation
 +
| text=Massachusetts Secretary of the Commonwealth. Massachusetts state census, 1865. Massachusetts State Archives, Boston, Massachusetts. }}}
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[[Massachusetts 1865 State Census (FamilySearch Historical Records)#Citation_Example_for_a_Record_Found_in_This_Collection|Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.]]
  
 
=== Record Content  ===
 
=== Record Content  ===
  
[[Image:Massachusetts 1865 Census.jpg|thumb|right]]
 
 
Genealogical information in the census:  
 
Genealogical information in the census:  
  
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[[Image:Massachusetts 1865 Census.jpg|thumb|right|Massachusetts 1865 Census.jpg]]
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*City and ward where census was taken
 
*Name  
 
*Name  
 
*Age  
 
*Age  
 +
*Gender
 +
*Race
 
*Birthplace  
 
*Birthplace  
*Sex
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*Occupation
*Color
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*Marital status, 1865 only  
*Condition (Marital status, 1865 only)
+
 
*Occupation
 
*Occupation
  
 
== How to Use the Records  ==
 
== How to Use the Records  ==
  
Census records are the best source to quickly identify a family group and residence. Use the place of residence and the birthplace for each person along with his or her age to search for other record types. The census identifies other persons in the household. The census may identify persons for whom other records do not exist.  
+
Begin your search by finding your ancestors in the census index. Use the locator information in the index (such as page number or family number) to locate your ancestors in the census. Some on-line indexes, such as indexes to FamilySearch Historical Records, will take you directly to an image. Compare the information in the census to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information of more than one family or person to make this determination. Be aware that as with any index, transcription errors may occur.  
  
 
In the Record Search index for this collection, "household id" represents column two on the original census, which is labeled "Families numbered in the order of visitation".  
 
In the Record Search index for this collection, "household id" represents column two on the original census, which is labeled "Families numbered in the order of visitation".  
  
== Record History  ==
+
When you have located your ancestor in the census, carefully evaluate each piece of information about them. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors.
  
In 1855 the legislature directed that a census be taken on June 1 of that year and every 10 years thereafter. The 1865 census was conducted on May 1. The census schedules were delivered to the State Secretary and eventually sent to the State Archives for safe keeping.&nbsp;These records cover more than 95% of the Massachusetts population.
+
For example:
  
=== Why This Record was Created  ===
+
*Use the age listed to determine an approximate birth date. This date along with the place of birth can help you find a birth record. Birth records often list biographical and marital details about the parents and close relatives other than the immediate family.
 +
*Birth places can tell you former residences and can help to establish a migration pattern for the family.
 +
*Use the race information to find records related to that ethnicity such as records of the Freedman’s Bureau or Indian censuses.
 +
*Use the naturalization information to find their naturalization papers in the county court records. It can also help you locate immigration records such as a passenger list which would usually be kept records at the port of entry into the United States.
 +
*If they are subject to military service they may have military files in the State or National Archives.
 +
*Occupations listed can lead you to other types of records such as employment or school records; children’s occupations are often listed as “at school.”
  
The state census of Massachusetts was taken in order to enumerate the population for representation purposes.  
+
It is often helpful to extract the information on all families with the same surname in the same general area. If the surname is uncommon, it is likely that those living in the same area were related.  
  
=== Record Reliability  ===
+
Be sure to extract all families before you look at other records. The relationships given will help you to organize family groups. The family groupings will help you identify related families when you discover additional information in other records.
  
Censuses are usually reliable, depending on the knowledge of the informant and the care of the census enumerator. Information may have been given to a census taker by any member of the family or by a neighbor. Some information may have been incorrect or deliberately falsified. == Related Web Sites ==This section of the article is incomplete. You can help FamilySearch Wiki by supplying links to related websites here.
+
Some other helpful tips to keep in mind are:
  
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
+
*Married family members may have lived nearby but in a separate household so you may want to search an entire town, neighboring towns, or even a county.
 +
*You may be able to identify an earlier generation if elderly parents were living with or close by a married child.
 +
*You may be able to identify a younger generation if a young married couple still lived with one of their sets of parents.
 +
*Additional searches may be needed to locate all members of a particular family in the census.
 +
*The census may identify persons for whom other records do not exist.
  
[https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/Massachusetts_Census Massachusetts Census]  
+
For a summary of this information see the wiki article: [[United States, How to Use the Records Summary (FamilySearch Historical Records)|United States, How to Use the Records Summary (FamilySearch Historical Records)]].
  
== Contributions to This Article&nbsp; ==
+
== Known Issues with This Collection ==
  
{{Contributor invite}}  
+
{{HR Known Issues}}For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached [[Massachusetts 1865 State Census (FamilySearch Historical Records)/Known Issues|Wiki article]]. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to [mailto:support@familysearch.org support@familysearch.org]. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.
  
==== Style Guide ====
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== Related Websites ==
  
For guidelines to use in creating wiki articles that describe collections of images and indexes produced by FamilySearch, see: [[FamilySearch Wiki:Guidelines for FamilySearch Collections pages|FamilySearch Wiki: Guidelines for FamilySearch Collections pages]]
+
{{Incomplete Section}}
  
== Sources of Information for This Collection: ==
+
== Related Wiki Articles ==
  
<!--bibdescbegin-->"Massachusetts State Census, 1865", database, FamilySearch (http://familysearch.org/). From Massachusetts State Archives, Boston, Massachusetts. FHL microfilm, 68 reels. Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah.<!--bibdescend-->
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*[[Massachusetts]]
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*[[Massachusetts Census]]
  
<br>
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=== Contributions to This Article  ===
  
The format for citing FamilySearch Historical Collections, including how to cite individual archives is found in the following link: [[How to Create Source Citations For FamilySearch Historical Records Collections|How to Create Source Citations for FamilySearch Historical Records Collections]]
+
{{Contributor invite}}
  
 
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
 
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
  
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the Wiki Article: [[How to Cite FamilySearch Collections|How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]]
+
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.
  
Please add sample citations to this article following the format guidelines in the wiki article listed above.  
+
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article [[Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections|Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].  
  
=== Examples of Source Citations for a Record in This Collection  ===
+
=== Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection  ===
  
*United States. Bureau of Census. 12th census, 1900, digital images, From Family Searc Internet ([http://www.familysearch.org www.familysearch.org]: Setpemper 29.2006), Arizona Territory, Maricopa, Township 1, East Gila, Salt River Base and Meridian; sheet 9B,line 71.
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"Massachusetts, State Census, 1865," index and images, ''FamilySearch'' (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/MQH7-DL6&nbsp;: accessed 22 May 2012), Peter M Peterson in household of Peter M Peterson, Boston, Ward 01, Suffolk, Massachusetts; citing Massachusetts State Census Records, FHL mocrofilm 954,374; Massachusetts State Archives, Boston, Massachusetts, United States.  
*Mexico, Districto Federal, Catholic Church Records 1886-1933, digital imagbes, from FamilySearch Internet ([http://www.familysearch.org www.familysearch.org]: April 22, 2010), Baptism of Adolfo Femandez Jimenez, 1 Feb, 1910, San Pedro Apostol, Cuahimalpa, Districto Federal, Mexico Film number 0227023
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[[Category:Massachusetts|Census]]
 
[[Category:Massachusetts|Census]]

Revision as of 23:58, 16 February 2013

FamilySearch Record Search This article describes a collection of historical records available at FamilySearch.org.
Access the records: Massachusetts State Census, 1865 .

Contents

Record Description

This Collection will include records from 1865.

The census schedules consisted of large sheets with rows and columns. The schedules were arranged by street in order of visitation.

In 1855, the legislature directed that a census be taken on June 1 of that year and every 10 years thereafter. The 1865 census was conducted on May 1. The census schedules were delivered to the State Secretary and eventually sent to the State Archives for safe keeping. These records cover more than 95% of the Massachusetts population. 

For a list of records by localities and dates currently published in this collection, select the Browse.

The state census of Massachusetts was taken in order to enumerate the population for representation purposes.

Censuses are usually reliable, depending on the knowledge of the informant and the care of the census enumerator. Information may have been given to a census taker by any member of the family or by a neighbor. Some information may have been incorrect or deliberately falsified.

Citation for This Collection

The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Records collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records.

Massachusetts Secretary of the Commonwealth. Massachusetts state census, 1865. Massachusetts State Archives, Boston, Massachusetts.}

Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.

Record Content

Genealogical information in the census:

Massachusetts 1865 Census.jpg
  • City and ward where census was taken
  • Name
  • Age
  • Gender
  • Race
  • Birthplace
  • Occupation
  • Marital status, 1865 only
  • Occupation

How to Use the Records

Begin your search by finding your ancestors in the census index. Use the locator information in the index (such as page number or family number) to locate your ancestors in the census. Some on-line indexes, such as indexes to FamilySearch Historical Records, will take you directly to an image. Compare the information in the census to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information of more than one family or person to make this determination. Be aware that as with any index, transcription errors may occur.

In the Record Search index for this collection, "household id" represents column two on the original census, which is labeled "Families numbered in the order of visitation".

When you have located your ancestor in the census, carefully evaluate each piece of information about them. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors.

For example:

  • Use the age listed to determine an approximate birth date. This date along with the place of birth can help you find a birth record. Birth records often list biographical and marital details about the parents and close relatives other than the immediate family.
  • Birth places can tell you former residences and can help to establish a migration pattern for the family.
  • Use the race information to find records related to that ethnicity such as records of the Freedman’s Bureau or Indian censuses.
  • Use the naturalization information to find their naturalization papers in the county court records. It can also help you locate immigration records such as a passenger list which would usually be kept records at the port of entry into the United States.
  • If they are subject to military service they may have military files in the State or National Archives.
  • Occupations listed can lead you to other types of records such as employment or school records; children’s occupations are often listed as “at school.”

It is often helpful to extract the information on all families with the same surname in the same general area. If the surname is uncommon, it is likely that those living in the same area were related.

Be sure to extract all families before you look at other records. The relationships given will help you to organize family groups. The family groupings will help you identify related families when you discover additional information in other records.

Some other helpful tips to keep in mind are:

  • Married family members may have lived nearby but in a separate household so you may want to search an entire town, neighboring towns, or even a county.
  • You may be able to identify an earlier generation if elderly parents were living with or close by a married child.
  • You may be able to identify a younger generation if a young married couple still lived with one of their sets of parents.
  • Additional searches may be needed to locate all members of a particular family in the census.
  • The census may identify persons for whom other records do not exist.

For a summary of this information see the wiki article: United States, How to Use the Records Summary (FamilySearch Historical Records).

Known Issues with This Collection

Important.png Problems with this collection?
See a list of known issues, workarounds, tips, restrictions, future fixes, news and other helpful information.

For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached Wiki article. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to support@familysearch.org. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.

Related Websites

Related Wiki Articles

Contributions to This Article

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. Guidelines are available to help you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide. If you would like to get more involved join the WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections

When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.

A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections.

Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection

"Massachusetts, State Census, 1865," index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/MQH7-DL6&nbsp;: accessed 22 May 2012), Peter M Peterson in household of Peter M Peterson, Boston, Ward 01, Suffolk, Massachusetts; citing Massachusetts State Census Records, FHL mocrofilm 954,374; Massachusetts State Archives, Boston, Massachusetts, United States.