Massachusetts CensusEdit This Page

From FamilySearch Wiki

(Difference between revisions)
(move table)
(added bullets)
 
(28 intermediate revisions by 12 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
''[[United States|United States ]] >  [[United States Census|U.S. Census ]] >  [[Massachusetts|Massachusetts]]  >  [[Massachusetts_Census]]''  
+
''[[United States|United States ]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]]  [[United States Census|U.S. Census ]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]]  [[Massachusetts|Massachusetts]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]]  [[Massachusetts_Census|Census]]''  
  
=== Existing and lost censuses  ===
+
{| width="100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
 +
|-
 +
| width="44%" | __TOC__
 +
| valign="middle" | <center><font size="+1">'''Tips'''</font></center>
 +
*If at first you don't find a name, try again under [[Spelling Substitution Tables for the United States and Canada|another spelling]].
 +
*[[Copying Sources|Photocopy]] each ancestor's census. Identify where you found it.
 +
*Look for an ancestor in '''''every''''' census during her or his lifetime.
 +
*On the [[Adding a Custom Event to a PAF Family Group Record|family group record]] show&nbsp;each person's census listings.
 +
*Study&nbsp;others in the same household, neighbors, and anyone with the similar names nearby on the census in [[Research a Family in Community Context|community context]].
  
For a list of available and missing Massachusetts censuses, [[Massachusetts Censuses Existing and Lost|click here]]. <br>
+
<br>  
  
== Availability  ==
+
*For a list of the exact date of each federal census, [[Massachusetts Censuses Existing and Lost|click here]].
  
'''1800 Suffolk County'''--Census is mostly lost.
+
|}
  
'''''1850 United States Census'''''—A free Internet index and images to the 1850 United States Census can be viewed on the [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1401638 FamilySearch Record Search – Pilot Site]. This index includes every name listed on the census and is linked to an image including information about each person’s residence and age in 1850, birthplace, occupation, other family members, and neighbors.
+
=== Online Massachusetts indexes and images ===
  
<br>'''''1855 Massachusetts State Census'''''—A free Internet index and images to the [http://search.labs.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1459985 1855&nbsp;Massachusetts&nbsp;State Census] can be viewed on the FamilySearch Record Search – Pilot Site. This index includes every name listed on the census and is linked to an image including information about each person’s residence and age in 1855, birthplace, occupation, other family members, whether married or single, and neighbors.&nbsp;For a description of this collection, see [[Massachusetts 1855 State Census|Massachusetts 1855 State Census]].<br><br>'''1860 United States Census'''''—A free Internet index and images to the 1860 United States Census can be viewed on the [http://search.labs.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1473181 FamilySearch Record Search – Pilot Site.] This index includes every name listed on the census and is linked to an image including information about each person’s residence and age in 1860, birthplace, occupation, other family members, whether married or single, and neighbors.''
+
{{Census Online Massachusetts}}
  
'''&nbsp;1870 United States Census---'''A free internet index and images can be viewed on [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1438024 FamilySearch Record Pilot site]. This index includes the full name, age, sex, race, birthplace, occupation, month if born in census year, month if married in census year, birth place of father and mother, if born in a foreign country.
+
=== Federal population schedules  ===
  
'''''1880 United States Census'''''– A Free Internet Index and Images to the US Census can be viewed on the [http://search.labs.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1417683 Family Search Record Pilot – Pilot Site.] This index includes an every name index to population schedules listing inhabitants. It includes the full name, race, sex, age, birth month (if born during the previous year), relationship to head of household, whether married, single or divorced, whether married during the previous year, country or state of birth of each person and his parent’s, occupation and street address and house number.
+
==== Microfilm images  ====
  
'''1890 Census--'''Census was destroyed, except for a list of Civil War Union soldiers, which has a published index.
+
{| width="745" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
 +
|+ '''Federal Census Microfilms Available from the [[Family History Library|Family History Library]]'''  
 +
|-
 +
| 1940 N/A
 +
| {{FHL|637204|title-id|disp=1910}}
 +
| {{FHL|698902|title-id|disp=1870}}&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
 +
| {{FHL|745494|title-id|disp=1790&nbsp;- 1840}}
 +
|-
 +
| {{FHL|1036358|title-id|disp=1930}}
 +
| {{FHL|655929|title-id|disp=1900 and Soundex}}
 +
| {{FHL|705076|title-id|disp=1860}}
 +
|
 +
|-
 +
| {{FHL|572641|title-id|disp=1920&nbsp;and Soundex}}
 +
| {{FHL|673568|title-id|disp=1880 and Soundex}}
 +
| {{FHL|744484|title-id|disp=1850}}
 +
|
 +
|-
 +
| &nbsp;
 +
|
 +
| &nbsp;
 +
|
 +
|}
  
<br>'''1900 Federal Census''' - A free Internet index and images to the 1900 United States Census can be viewed on the&nbsp; [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#start FamilySearch Record Search – Pilot Site<span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1236863911171_679" />]. Important additions to this census are month and year of birth of each household member, number of years married for each married person, number of children born to each mother and the number of those still living, year of immigration, and number of years in the United States.
+
<br>  
  
== Historical Background  ==
+
{| width="745" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
 +
|+ '''Federal Census Microfilms Available from the [[National Archives and Records Administration|National Archives]]'''
 +
|-
 +
| 1940 N/A
 +
| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1910/part-03.html#massachusetts 1910 T624]&nbsp;
 +
| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-04.html#massachusetts 1860 M653]&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
 +
| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-02.html#1820 1820 M33&nbsp;]
 +
|-
 +
| [http://1930census.archives.gov/stateSearch.asp 1930 T626]
 +
| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1900/part-07.html#massachusetts 1900 T623]&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;[http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1900/part-03.html#massachusetts Soundex T1051]
 +
| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-03.html#massachusetts 1850 M432]
 +
| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-02.html#1810 1810&nbsp;M252]&nbsp;
 +
|-
 +
| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1920/part-08.html#massachusetts 1920 T625]&nbsp; &nbsp;[http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1920/part-03.html#massachusetts Soundex M1567]
 +
| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-07.html#massachusetts 1880 T9]&nbsp; &nbsp;[http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-06.html#massachusetts Soundex T754]
 +
| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-02.html#1840 1840 M704]
 +
| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-02.html#1800 1800 M32]
 +
|-
 +
| &nbsp;
 +
| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-05.html#massachusetts 1870 M593&nbsp;]
 +
| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-02.html#1830 1830 M19]&nbsp;
 +
| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-02.html#1790 1790 M637]
 +
|}
  
1788--Massachusetts came into the Union as the 6th state.
+
==== Indexes: fiche, film, or book  ====
  
== Indexes ==
+
For a list of microform and book indexes for the population schedules of Massachusetts, [[Massachusetts Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book|click here]]
  
==== Ancestry ====
+
=== Federal non-population schedules ===
  
All census records for Massachusetts are indexed on Ancestry.
+
==== Online indexes and images  ====
  
==== Statewide indexes to federal censuses  ====
+
{| width="77%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1" align="center"
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" colspan="11" | <font size="+1">'''Online Federal Non-Population Schedules for Massachusetts'''</font>
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#ff9900" colspan="2" | <br>
 +
| bgcolor="#ff9966" align="center" colspan="3" | '''Free'''
 +
| bgcolor="#cccccc" align="center" colspan="3" | '''Free at Some Libraries''' (usually&nbsp;with&nbsp;library&nbsp;card)
 +
| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" | '''Pay'''
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" | '''Year'''
 +
| width="10%" bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" | '''Type'''
 +
| bgcolor="#ff9966" align="center" | '''Record Search'''
 +
| bgcolor="#ff9966" align="center" | '''Census Bureau'''
 +
| bgcolor="#ff9966" align="center" | '''Google Book'''
 +
| bgcolor="#cccccc" align="center" | '''Heritage Quest'''
 +
| bgcolor="#cccccc" align="center" | '''Ancestry FHL'''
 +
| bgcolor="#cccccc" align="center" | '''Ancestry Library'''
 +
| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" | '''Ancestry Home'''
 +
|-
 +
| '''1890'''
 +
| width="20%" | Veterans
 +
| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1417683 Link]
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8667&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8667&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8667&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
 +
|-
 +
| '''1880'''
 +
| width="20%" | Defective
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1634 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1634 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1634 Link]
 +
|-
 +
| '''1880'''
 +
| width="20%" | Mortality
 +
| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1417683 Link]
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
|-
 +
| '''1870'''
 +
| Mortality
 +
| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1438024 Link]
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
|-
 +
| '''1860'''
 +
| Mortality
 +
| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1473181 Link]
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
|-
 +
| '''1850'''
 +
| Mortality
 +
| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1401638 Link]
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
|-
 +
| '''1840'''
 +
| Pensioners
 +
| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1786457 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/1840c-01.pdf BookLink]
 +
| align="center" | [http://books.google.com/books?id=W7JYAAAAMAAJ&dq=1840+census+pensioners&printsec=frontcover&source=bl&ots=W0XUmfgahX&sig=WRyMIVwiePLwKmlxhbchJl1ZeeA&hl=en&ei=SJ0MSvSrBqOMtgf19I2FCA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=10#PPA61,M1 BookLink]
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7678 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7678 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7678 Link]
 +
|}
  
'''Book Indexes:''' 1790, 1800, 1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860
+
==== Microfilm images  ====
  
:1790–1850: microfiche indexes<br>
+
[[Family History Library|'''Family History Library''']]&nbsp;'''Federal Census Non-Population Schedule Microfilms for Massachusetts'''
:1870 Hampden County: book index<br>
+
:1880 (partial), 1900, 1920 and 1930: Soundex (phonetic) indexes on microfilm<br>
+
:1910: no index for Massachusetts
+
  
==== Town indexes to federal censuses  ====
+
*1880 mortality schedules {{FHL|565641|item|disp=FHL films 1421020–23}}
 +
*1870 mortality schedules {{FHL|565601|item|disp=FHL films 1421018–19}}
 +
*1860 mortality schedules {{FHL|565573|item|disp=FHL film 1421017}}
 +
*1850 mortality schedules {{FHL|343724|item|disp=FHL films 1421015–16}}
  
Can sometimes help locate names missed in statewide indexes. They&nbsp;are sometimes listed in the Place Search of the Family History Library Catalog under MASSACHUSETTS, [COUNTY], [TOWN]-CENSUS
+
<br> [[National Archives and Records Administration|'''National Archives''']]'''&nbsp;Federal Census '''[http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/census/nonpopulation/massachusetts.html '''Non-Population Schedule''']'''Microfilms for Massachusetts'''
  
==== City Finding Helps  ====
+
*1935 Census of Business
 +
*1820 - 1880 Census of Manufactures including agriculture, manufacturing, social statistics, mortality and delinquent classes.
  
'''City Directories:''' In large cities first find the person's address in the city directory for the same year as the census. Then look for that address in the census.
+
==== Indexes: fiche, film, or book  ====
  
The following reference tools help determine which census schedule microfilm and enumeration district to search for specific addresses:  
+
For a list of microform and book indexes for the non-population schedules of Massachusetts, [[Massachusetts Non-Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book|click here]].
  
*Kirkham, E. Kay. A Handy Guide to Record- Searching in the Larger Cities of the United States. Logan, Utah: Everton, 1974. ([http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=216818&disp=A+handy+guide+to+record-searching+in+t++ Family History Library book 973 D27kc; fiche 6010059-60].) Includes ward maps and street indexes for Boston for 1850–1855, 1860, and 1877.
+
=== State and colonial censuses  ===
  
United States. Census Office. Census Descriptions of Geographic Subdivisions and Enumeration Districts.<br>
+
Massachusetts often took censuses in the years between the federal censuses, the dates are listed below. State census records may have columns that were different or more unusual than those found on federal censuses. The responses and years of coverage may give additional information on the family.  
  
:1870 ([http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=464745&disp=Descriptions+of+census+geographic+subdiv++ Family History Library film 1402859])<br>1880 ([[1402861|Family History Library film 1402861]])<br>1900 ([http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=59389&disp=Census+enumeration+district+descriptions++ Family History Library film 1303022])<br>1910 ([http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=297379&disp=Census+descriptions+of+geographic+subdiv++ Family History Library film 1374005])<br>1920 ([http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=622083&disp=Census+descriptions+of+geographic+subdiv++ Family History Library film 1842708])
+
{| width="100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1" align="center"
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#99cc99" align="center" colspan="90" | '''State and Colonial Censuses of Massachusetts'''
 +
|-
 +
| align="left" | '''1945'''
 +
| width="85%" align="left" | '''Lost'''<ref name="Lainh">Ann S. Lainhart, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/26517040 State Census Records]'' (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992)[[{{Lainha}}]], 57-61.</ref><ref name="Dubest">Henry J. Dubester, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/37244714 State Censuses: An Annotated Bibliography of Censuses of Population Taken After the Year 1790 by States and Territories of the United States]'' (Washington, D.C.: GPO, 1948) [[{{Dubester}}]], 24-29.</ref>
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="left" | '''1935'''
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="left" | '''Lost'''<ref name="Lainh" /><ref name="Dubest" />
 +
|-
 +
| align="left" | '''1925'''
 +
| align="left" | '''Lost'''<ref name="Lainh" /><ref name="Dubest" />
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="left" | '''1915'''
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="left" | '''Lost'''<ref name="Lainh" /><ref name="Dubest" />
 +
|-
 +
| align="left" | '''1905'''
 +
| align="left" | '''Lost'''<ref name="Lainh" /><ref name="Dubest" />
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="left" | '''1895'''
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="left" | '''Lost'''<ref name="Lainh" /><ref name="Dubest" />
 +
|-
 +
| align="left" | '''1885'''
 +
| align="left" | '''Lost'''<ref name="Lainh" /><ref name="Dubest" />
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="left" | '''1875'''
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="left" | '''Lost'''<ref name="Lainh" /><ref name="Dubest" />
 +
|-
 +
| align="left" | '''1865''' May 1
 +
| align="left" | Exist<ref name="Dubest" /><ref name="Lainhart">Ann S. Lainhart, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/26517040 State Census Records]'' (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992)[[{{Lainha}}]], 57-61. Original censuses at the Massachusetts State Archives.</ref><ref name="MassCn5565">Massachusetts, Secretary of the Commonwealth, ''State Census, 1855–1865'' (Salt Lake City, Utah: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1974) [[{{Mass5565}}]]. For online census editions see "[[Massachusetts_Census#Online_Massachusetts_indexes_and_images|Online Federal and State Population Schedules for Massachusetts]]" above.</ref>
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="left" | '''1855''' June 1
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="left" | Exist<ref name="Dubest" /><ref name="Lainhart">Ann S. Lainhart, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/26517040 State Census Records]'' (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992)[[{{Lainha}}]], 57-61. Originals at the Massachusetts State Archives.</ref><ref name="MassCn5565" />
 +
|-
 +
| align="left" | '''1850'''
 +
| align="left" | '''Lost'''<ref name="Dubest" />
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="left" | '''1840'''
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="left" | '''Lost'''<ref name="Dubest" />
 +
|-
 +
| align="left" | '''1837''' May 1
 +
| align="left" | '''Lost'''<ref name="Dubest" />
 +
|}
  
*Buckway, G. Eileen. U.S. ''1910 Federal Census: Unindexed States: A Guide to Finding Census Enumeration Districts for Unindexed Cities, Towns, and Villages.'' Salt Lake City, Utah: Family History Library, 1992. ([http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=594710&disp=U.S.+1910+federal+census+%3A+unindex++ Family History Library book 973 X2bu 1910; fiche 6101340].) Lists all Massachusetts towns (or wards) with their 1910 census enumeration district numbers and Family History Library film numbers. Boston, Brockton, Cambridge, Fall River, Holyoke, Lawrence, Lowell, Lynn, New Bedford, Somerville, Springfield, and Worcester each have special instructions. These often includeFamily History Libraryor film numbers for city directories.
+
=== Existing and lost censuses ===
*Malmberg, Emil and Maurine. ''Street Indexes to Unindexed Cities in the U.S. 1910 Federal Census.'' Salt Lake City, Utah: Family History Library, 1993. ([http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=664573&disp=Street+indexes+to+unindexed+cities+in+th++ Family History Library book 973 X2str 1910; fiche 6104151].) Lists Boston street addresses with their corresponding page numbers, 1910 census enumeration district numbers, and Family History Library film numbers.
+
*Marnier, Mary Lou and Patricia Rougham Bellows. ''A Research Aid for the Massachusetts 1910 Federal Census.'' Sudbury, Massachusetts: Computerized Assistance, 1988. ([http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=671175&disp=A+research+aid+for+the+Massachusetts+191%20%20&columns=*,0,0 Family History Library book 974 X22m].) This book gives the wards, precincts, enumeration districts, and starting page for each town. Includes maps. Refers to the National Archives microfilm numbers, which can be matched to Family History Library microfilm numbers.
+
 
+
== Special Censuses ==
+
 
+
==== Mortality Schedules  ====
+
 
+
'''1850-1880--'''Mortality schedules for 1850, 1860, 1870, and 1880 list those who died in the year before the census. These are at the Massachusetts State Archives, the National Archives, and the Family History Library:
+
 
+
'''1850 United States Census Mortality Schedules'''—A free Internet index and images to the 1850 United States Census Mortality Schedules can be viewed on the [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1420441 FamilySearch Record Search - Pilot Site]. Mortality schedules provided nationwide death statistics for the twelve months&nbsp;prior to the 1850 census.&nbsp; Key genealogical facts found on the 1850 mortality&nbsp;schedule are: Name, age, sex, color, married or widowed, birthplace, month of death, occupation, cause of death.
+
  
*[http://mortalityschedules.com/ Mortality Schedules 1850-1880]
+
For a list of available and missing Massachusetts censuses, [[Massachusetts Censuses Existing and Lost|click here]]. <br>
  
&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 1850 ([http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=343724&disp=Schedule+3.+Persons+who+died+during+th++ Family History Library film 1421015–16])<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 1860 ([http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=565573&disp=Schedule+3.+Persons+who+died+during+th++ Family History Library film 1421017])<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 1870 ([http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=565601&disp=Schedule+5.+Social+statistics+for+the+++ Family History Library film 1421018–19])<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 1880 ([http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=565641&disp=Schedule+5.+Persons+who+died+during+th++ Family History Library film 1421020–23])
+
=== Why use a census? ===
  
== State Censuses  ==
+
A well-indexed census is one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor's family lived and when they lived there. You can also use censuses to follow the changes in a family over time, and identify neighbors. These and other clues provided by censuses are important because they help find additional kinds of records about the family.
  
'''1855 and 1865 State Censuses--'''The original censuses are at the Massachusetts State Archives. The Family History Library has copies of:
+
=== More about censuses ===
  
*Massachusetts, Secretary of the Commonwealth. ''State Census, 1855–1865''. Salt Lake City, Utah: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1974. These records are arranged by county and town. They list an individual's name, age, state or country of birth, and occupation.
+
[[United States Census|Click here]] for additional details about how to use censuses, such as:  
  
'''''1855 Massachusetts State Census—'''''A free Internet index and images to the 1855 Massachusetts State Census can be viewed on the [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1459985 FamilySearch Record Search]. This index includes every name listed on the census and is linked to an image including information about each person’s residence and age in 1855, birthplace, occupation, other family members, and neighbors.
+
:*[[United States Census Searching|index searching tips]]
 +
:*[[United States Census Analyzing Census Data|analyzing and using what you find]]
 +
:*[[United States Census Accuracy|census accuracy]]
 +
:*[[United States Census Historical Background|historical background]]
 +
:*[[United States Census#Contents_of_Federal_Censuses|contents of various census years and types]]
  
'''''1865 Massachusetts State Census'''''—A free Internet index and images to the 1865 Massachusetts State Census can be viewed on the [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1410399 FamilySearch Record Search – Pilot Site.] This index includes every name listed on the census and is linked to an image including information about each person’s residence and age in 1865, birthplace, occupation, other family members, and neighbors.
+
'''Wiki articles describing online collections are found at:'''  
  
== Territorial Censuses  ==
+
*[[Massachusetts 1855 State Census (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
 +
*[[Massachusetts 1865 State Census (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]<br>
  
== Websites ==
+
=== Sources and footnotes ===
  
*FamilySearch: [http://search.labs.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=2;t=searchable;c=1459985 Record Search] Massachusetts 1855 State Census. This free&nbsp;site will let you view and save.
+
{{reflist}}
*Ancestry:&nbsp; [http://www.ancestry.com http://www.ancestry.com]
+
*Heritage Quest Online:&nbsp; [http://www.heritagequestonline.com http://www.heritagequestonline.com]
+
*Census Online:&nbsp; [http://www.census-online.com/links/MA/ http://www.census-online.com/links/MA/]
+
*Genealogy Today:&nbsp; [http://dir.genealogytoday.com/usa/ma/census.html http://dir.genealogytoday.com/usa/ma/census.html]
+
*Access Genealogy:&nbsp;[http://www.accessgenealogy.com/census/massachusetts.htm http://www.accessgenealogy.com/census/massachusetts.htm]
+
*Census Finder:&nbsp;[http://www.censusfinder.com/massachusetts.htm www.censusfinder.com/massachusetts.htm]
+
*USGenWeb-Massachusetts:&nbsp;[http://www.us-census.org/states/massachusetts/ www.us-census.org/states/massachusetts/]
+
*Mortality Schedules:&nbsp; [http://mortalityschedules.com/ http://mortalityschedules.com/]
+
*Massachusetts Genealogy Census Records: http://massachusetts-genealogy.com/Massachusetts-Census-Records.cfm
+
  
== References  ==
+
{{Place|Massachusetts}} {{USCensus}} {{Massachusetts|Massachusetts}}
  
''[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/search/RG/frameset_rg.asp?Dest=G1&Aid=&Gid=&Lid=&Sid=&Did=&Juris1=&Event=&Year=&Gloss=&Sub=&Tab=&Entry=&Guide=Massachusetts.ASP Massachusetts Research Outline].'' Salt Lake City, Utah: Intellectual Reserve, Inc., Family History Department, 1998, 2001.
+
<br>
  
[[Category:Massachusetts|Census]]
+
[[Category:Massachusetts|Census]] [[Category:Census_by_State|{{PAGENAME}}]]

Latest revision as of 18:00, 28 June 2012

United States  go to  U.S. Census  go to  Massachusetts  go to  Census

Contents

Tips
  • If at first you don't find a name, try again under another spelling.
  • Photocopy each ancestor's census. Identify where you found it.
  • Look for an ancestor in every census during her or his lifetime.
  • On the family group record show each person's census listings.
  • Study others in the same household, neighbors, and anyone with the similar names nearby on the census in community context.


  • For a list of the exact date of each federal census, click here.

Online Massachusetts indexes and images

Online Federal and State Population Schedules of Massachusetts 
  Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card)* Pay
Family
Search[1]
Internet Archive[2]  Misc.  Heritage Quest[3] Fold3[4] Ancestry FHL[5] Ancestry Library[5] Ancestry Home[5] Archives[6] Family Link[7]
1940 indexes Link - Link
Link
- - Link Link Link - -
images Link - Link
Link
Link
- - Link Link Link Link Link
1930 indexes Link - - - Link Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link Link Link Link Link - Link
1920 indexes Link - - Link Link Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link Link Link Link Link - Link
1910 indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1900 indexes Link Soundex - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1880 indexes Link Soundex - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images - Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1870 indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1865 State indexes Link - - - - - - - - -
images Link - - - - - - - - -
1860 indexes Link - - Link Link Link Link Link Link Link
images - Link - Link Link Link Link Link - Link
1855 State indexes Link - - - - - - - - -
images Link - - - - - - - - -
1850 indexes Link - - - - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1840 indexes Link - - - - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1830 indexes Link - - - - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1820 indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1810[8] indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
partial 1800[8] indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1790[8] indexes Link - Tran-
script
Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
  Family Search Internet Archive Misc.  Heritage Quest Fold3 Ancestry FHL  Ancestry Library  Ancestry Home Archives Family Link
Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card) Pay


Federal population schedules

Microfilm images

Federal Census Microfilms Available from the Family History Library
1940 N/A 1910 1870             1790 - 1840
1930 1900 and Soundex 1860
1920 and Soundex 1880 and Soundex 1850
   


Federal Census Microfilms Available from the National Archives
1940 N/A 1910 T624  1860 M653         1820 M33 
1930 T626 1900 T623   Soundex T1051 1850 M432 1810 M252 
1920 T625   Soundex M1567 1880 T9   Soundex T754 1840 M704 1800 M32
  1870 M593  1830 M19  1790 M637

Indexes: fiche, film, or book

For a list of microform and book indexes for the population schedules of Massachusetts, click here

Federal non-population schedules

Online indexes and images

Online Federal Non-Population Schedules for Massachusetts

Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with library card) Pay
Year Type Record Search Census Bureau Google Book Heritage Quest Ancestry FHL Ancestry Library Ancestry Home
1890 Veterans Link - - - Link Link Link
1880 Defective - - - - Link Link Link
1880 Mortality Link - - - Link Link Link
1870 Mortality Link - - - Link Link Link
1860 Mortality Link - - - Link Link Link
1850 Mortality Link - - - Link Link Link
1840 Pensioners Link BookLink BookLink - Link Link Link

Microfilm images

Family History Library Federal Census Non-Population Schedule Microfilms for Massachusetts


National Archives Federal Census Non-Population ScheduleMicrofilms for Massachusetts

  • 1935 Census of Business
  • 1820 - 1880 Census of Manufactures including agriculture, manufacturing, social statistics, mortality and delinquent classes.

Indexes: fiche, film, or book

For a list of microform and book indexes for the non-population schedules of Massachusetts, click here.

State and colonial censuses

Massachusetts often took censuses in the years between the federal censuses, the dates are listed below. State census records may have columns that were different or more unusual than those found on federal censuses. The responses and years of coverage may give additional information on the family.

State and Colonial Censuses of Massachusetts
1945 Lost[9][10]
1935 Lost[9][10]
1925 Lost[9][10]
1915 Lost[9][10]
1905 Lost[9][10]
1895 Lost[9][10]
1885 Lost[9][10]
1875 Lost[9][10]
1865 May 1 Exist[10][11][12]
1855 June 1 Exist[10][11][12]
1850 Lost[10]
1840 Lost[10]
1837 May 1 Lost[10]

Existing and lost censuses

For a list of available and missing Massachusetts censuses, click here.

Why use a census?

A well-indexed census is one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor's family lived and when they lived there. You can also use censuses to follow the changes in a family over time, and identify neighbors. These and other clues provided by censuses are important because they help find additional kinds of records about the family.

More about censuses

Click here for additional details about how to use censuses, such as:

Wiki articles describing online collections are found at:

Sources and footnotes

  1. FamilySearch, a free online service of the Family History Library, including free images of many federal censuses, including an index of the 1880 federal census of the United States; connected with 1880 census images provided by Ancestry.com, a subscription site.
  2. Internet Archive, a free online service includes free images of most of the federal censuses.
  3. HeritageQuest has arranged with many subscribing public libraries in the United States to allow users free access on home computers by means of their personal library card numbers. HeritageQuest provides images of all surviving 1790 to 1930 federal censuses, and indexes to many but not all of them.
  4. Fold3, formerly known as Footnote.com, a subscription site partnering with the National Archives and includes some federal censuses. Free access is available at many public libraries.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Ancestry.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving federal and many state census records, among other sources. They have three online editions: (1) an FHL edition free only at the Family History Library and a few Family History Centers, (2) a slightly smaller Library edition free only at some public libraries, and (3) a Home edition subscription service for individuals.
  6. Archives.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving federal census records, among other sources.
  7. FamilyLink.com, a subscription site that provides online images (and some indexes) to all surviving federal and many state census records, among other sources.
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 Massachusetts federal censuses included Maine in 1790, 1800, and 1810, although Maine counties were always enumerated separately.
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.3 9.4 9.5 9.6 9.7 Ann S. Lainhart, State Census Records (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992)[[FHL book 973 X2Lai]], 57-61.
  10. 10.00 10.01 10.02 10.03 10.04 10.05 10.06 10.07 10.08 10.09 10.10 10.11 10.12 Henry J. Dubester, State Censuses: An Annotated Bibliography of Censuses of Population Taken After the Year 1790 by States and Territories of the United States (Washington, D.C.: GPO, 1948) [FHL Book 973 X23s; Film 982038 Item 13; Fiche 6018062], 24-29.
  11. 11.0 11.1 Ann S. Lainhart, State Census Records (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992)[[FHL book 973 X2Lai]], 57-61. Original censuses at the Massachusetts State Archives.
  12. 12.0 12.1 Massachusetts, Secretary of the Commonwealth, State Census, 1855–1865 (Salt Lake City, Utah: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1974) [FHL Films 953973+]. For online census editions see "Online Federal and State Population Schedules for Massachusetts" above.



 

Need additional research help? Contact our research help specialists.

Need wiki, indexing, or website help? Contact our product teams.


Did you find this article helpful?

You're invited to explain your rating on the discussion page (you must be signed in).

  • This page was last modified on 28 June 2012, at 18:00.
  • This page has been accessed 15,542 times.