Massachusetts CensusEdit This Page

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''[[United States|United States ]] >  [[United States Census|U.S. Census ]] >  [[Massachusetts|Massachusetts]]  >  [[Massachusetts Census|Census]]''  
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''[[United States|United States ]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]]  [[United States Census|U.S. Census ]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]]  [[Massachusetts|Massachusetts]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]]  [[Massachusetts_Census|Census]]''  
  
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|-
 
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| width="44%" | __TOC__  
 
| width="44%" | __TOC__  
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==== Microfilm images  ====
 
==== Microfilm images  ====
  
*
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{| width="745" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
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|+ '''Federal Census Microfilms Available from the [[Family History Library|Family History Library]]'''
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|-
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| 1940 N/A
 +
| {{FHL|637204|title-id|disp=1910}}
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| {{FHL|698902|title-id|disp=1870}}            
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| {{FHL|745494|title-id|disp=1790 - 1840}}
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|-
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| {{FHL|1036358|title-id|disp=1930}}
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| {{FHL|655929|title-id|disp=1900 and Soundex}}
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| {{FHL|705076|title-id|disp=1860}}
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|
 +
|-
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| {{FHL|572641|title-id|disp=1920 and Soundex}}
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| {{FHL|673568|title-id|disp=1880 and Soundex}}
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| {{FHL|744484|title-id|disp=1850}}
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|
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|-
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|}
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 +
<br>
 +
 
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{| width="745" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
 +
|+ '''Federal Census Microfilms Available from the [[National Archives and Records Administration|National Archives]]'''
 +
|-
 +
| 1940 N/A
 +
| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1910/part-03.html#massachusetts 1910 T624]&nbsp;
 +
| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-04.html#massachusetts 1860 M653]&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
 +
| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-02.html#1820 1820 M33&nbsp;]
 +
|-
 +
| [http://1930census.archives.gov/stateSearch.asp 1930 T626]
 +
| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1900/part-07.html#massachusetts 1900 T623]&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;[http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1900/part-03.html#massachusetts Soundex T1051]
 +
| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-03.html#massachusetts 1850 M432]
 +
| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-02.html#1810 1810&nbsp;M252]&nbsp;
 +
|-
 +
| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1920/part-08.html#massachusetts 1920 T625]&nbsp; &nbsp;[http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1920/part-03.html#massachusetts Soundex M1567]
 +
| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-07.html#massachusetts 1880 T9]&nbsp; &nbsp;[http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-06.html#massachusetts Soundex T754]
 +
| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-02.html#1840 1840 M704]
 +
| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-02.html#1800 1800 M32]
 +
|-
 +
| &nbsp;
 +
| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-05.html#massachusetts 1870 M593&nbsp;]
 +
| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-02.html#1830 1830 M19]&nbsp;
 +
| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-02.html#1790 1790 M637]
 +
|}
  
 
==== Indexes: fiche, film, or book  ====
 
==== Indexes: fiche, film, or book  ====
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==== Online indexes and images  ====
 
==== Online indexes and images  ====
  
{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1" align="center" width="77%"
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{| width="77%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1" align="center"
 
|-
 
|-
 
| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" colspan="11" | <font size="+1">'''Online Federal Non-Population Schedules for Massachusetts'''</font>
 
| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" colspan="11" | <font size="+1">'''Online Federal Non-Population Schedules for Massachusetts'''</font>
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|-
 
|-
 
| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" | '''Year'''  
 
| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" | '''Year'''  
| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" width="10%" | '''Type'''  
+
| width="10%" bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" | '''Type'''  
 
| bgcolor="#ff9966" align="center" | '''Record Search'''  
 
| bgcolor="#ff9966" align="center" | '''Record Search'''  
 
| bgcolor="#ff9966" align="center" | '''Census Bureau'''  
 
| bgcolor="#ff9966" align="center" | '''Census Bureau'''  
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| '''1890'''  
 
| '''1890'''  
 
| width="20%" | Veterans  
 
| width="20%" | Veterans  
| align="center" | -
+
| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1417683 Link]
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
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| '''1880'''  
 
| '''1880'''  
 
| width="20%" | Mortality  
 
| width="20%" | Mortality  
| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1417683 Link]
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
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| '''1870'''  
 
| '''1870'''  
 
| Mortality  
 
| Mortality  
| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1438024 Link]
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
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| '''1860'''  
 
| '''1860'''  
 
| Mortality  
 
| Mortality  
| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1473181 Link]
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
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| '''1850'''  
 
| '''1850'''  
 
| Mortality  
 
| Mortality  
| align="center" | [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;c=1420441 Link]  
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| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1401638 Link]  
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 
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| '''1840'''  
 
| '''1840'''  
 
| Pensioners  
 
| Pensioners  
| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1786457 Link]
 
| align="center" | [http://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/1840c-01.pdf BookLink]  
 
| align="center" | [http://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/1840c-01.pdf BookLink]  
 
| align="center" | [http://books.google.com/books?id=W7JYAAAAMAAJ&dq=1840+census+pensioners&printsec=frontcover&source=bl&ots=W0XUmfgahX&sig=WRyMIVwiePLwKmlxhbchJl1ZeeA&hl=en&ei=SJ0MSvSrBqOMtgf19I2FCA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=10#PPA61,M1 BookLink]  
 
| align="center" | [http://books.google.com/books?id=W7JYAAAAMAAJ&dq=1840+census+pensioners&printsec=frontcover&source=bl&ots=W0XUmfgahX&sig=WRyMIVwiePLwKmlxhbchJl1ZeeA&hl=en&ei=SJ0MSvSrBqOMtgf19I2FCA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=10#PPA61,M1 BookLink]  
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==== Microfilm images  ====
 
==== Microfilm images  ====
  
*1880 mortality schedules ([http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=565641&disp=Schedule+5.+Persons+who+died+during+th++ Family History Library film 1421020–23])
+
[[Family History Library|'''Family History Library''']]&nbsp;'''Federal Census Non-Population Schedule Microfilms for Massachusetts'''
*1870 mortality schedules ([http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=565601&disp=Schedule+5.+Social+statistics+for+the+++ Family History Library film 1421018–19])
+
 
*1860 mortality schedules ([http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=565573&disp=Schedule+3.+Persons+who+died+during+th++ Family History Library film 1421017])
+
*1880 mortality schedules {{FHL|565641|item|disp=FHL films 1421020–23}}
*1850 mortality schedules ([http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=343724&disp=Schedule+3.+Persons+who+died+during+th++ Family History Library film 1421015–16])
+
*1870 mortality schedules {{FHL|565601|item|disp=FHL films 1421018–19}}
 +
*1860 mortality schedules {{FHL|565573|item|disp=FHL film 1421017}}
 +
*1850 mortality schedules {{FHL|343724|item|disp=FHL films 1421015–16}}
 +
 
 +
<br> [[National Archives and Records Administration|'''National Archives''']]'''&nbsp;Federal Census '''[http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/census/nonpopulation/massachusetts.html '''Non-Population Schedule''']'''Microfilms for Massachusetts'''
 +
 
 +
*1935 Census of Business
 +
*1820 - 1880 Census of Manufactures including agriculture, manufacturing, social statistics, mortality and delinquent classes.
  
 
==== Indexes: fiche, film, or book  ====
 
==== Indexes: fiche, film, or book  ====
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=== State and colonial censuses  ===
 
=== State and colonial censuses  ===
  
*Massachusetts, Secretary of the Commonwealth. ''State Census, 1855–1865''. Salt Lake City, Utah: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1974. These records are arranged by county and town. They list an individual's name, age, state or country of birth, and occupation.
+
Massachusetts often took censuses in the years between the federal censuses, the dates are listed below. State census records may have columns that were different or more unusual than those found on federal censuses. The responses and years of coverage may give additional information on the family.  
  
{| width="100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="2" border="1" align="center"
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{| width="100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1" align="center"
 
|-
 
|-
 
| bgcolor="#99cc99" align="center" colspan="90" | '''State and Colonial Censuses of Massachusetts'''
 
| bgcolor="#99cc99" align="center" colspan="90" | '''State and Colonial Censuses of Massachusetts'''
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|-
 
|-
 
| align="left" | '''1865''' May 1  
 
| align="left" | '''1865''' May 1  
| align="left" | Exist<ref name="Lainhart">Ann S. Lainhart, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/26517040 State Census Records]'' (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992)[[{{Lainha}}]], 57-61. Originals at the Massachusetts State Archives. </ref><ref name="Dubest" />
+
| align="left" | Exist<ref name="Dubest" /><ref name="Lainhart">Ann S. Lainhart, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/26517040 State Census Records]'' (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992)[[{{Lainha}}]], 57-61. Original censuses at the Massachusetts State Archives.</ref><ref name="MassCn5565">Massachusetts, Secretary of the Commonwealth, ''State Census, 1855–1865'' (Salt Lake City, Utah: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1974) [[{{Mass5565}}]]. For online census editions see "[[Massachusetts_Census#Online_Massachusetts_indexes_and_images|Online Federal and State Population Schedules for Massachusetts]]" above.</ref>
 
|-
 
|-
 
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="left" | '''1855''' June 1  
 
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="left" | '''1855''' June 1  
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="left" | Exist<ref name="Lainh" /><ref name="Dubest" />
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="left" | Exist<ref name="Dubest" /><ref name="Lainhart">Ann S. Lainhart, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/26517040 State Census Records]'' (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992)[[{{Lainha}}]], 57-61. Originals at the Massachusetts State Archives.</ref><ref name="MassCn5565" />
 
|-
 
|-
 
| align="left" | '''1850'''  
 
| align="left" | '''1850'''  
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:*[[United States Census Historical Background|historical background]]  
 
:*[[United States Census Historical Background|historical background]]  
 
:*[[United States Census#Contents_of_Federal_Censuses|contents of various census years and types]]
 
:*[[United States Census#Contents_of_Federal_Censuses|contents of various census years and types]]
 +
 +
'''Wiki articles describing online collections are found at:'''
 +
 +
*[[Massachusetts 1855 State Census (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
 +
*[[Massachusetts 1865 State Census (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]<br>
  
 
=== Sources and footnotes  ===
 
=== Sources and footnotes  ===
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{{reflist}}  
 
{{reflist}}  
  
{{Place|Massachusetts}} {{stub}}  
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{{Place|Massachusetts}} {{USCensus}} {{Massachusetts|Massachusetts}}
 +
 
 +
<br>
  
[[Category:Massachusetts|Census]]
+
[[Category:Massachusetts|Census]] [[Category:Census_by_State|{{PAGENAME}}]]

Latest revision as of 18:00, 28 June 2012

United States  go to  U.S. Census  go to  Massachusetts  go to  Census

Contents

Tips
  • If at first you don't find a name, try again under another spelling.
  • Photocopy each ancestor's census. Identify where you found it.
  • Look for an ancestor in every census during her or his lifetime.
  • On the family group record show each person's census listings.
  • Study others in the same household, neighbors, and anyone with the similar names nearby on the census in community context.


  • For a list of the exact date of each federal census, click here.

Online Massachusetts indexes and images

Online Federal and State Population Schedules of Massachusetts 
  Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card)* Pay
Family
Search[1]
Internet Archive[2]  Misc.  Heritage Quest[3] Fold3[4] Ancestry FHL[5] Ancestry Library[5] Ancestry Home[5] Archives[6] Family Link[7]
1940 indexes Link - Link
Link
- - Link Link Link - -
images Link - Link
Link
Link
- - Link Link Link Link Link
1930 indexes Link - - - Link Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link Link Link Link Link - Link
1920 indexes Link - - Link Link Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link Link Link Link Link - Link
1910 indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1900 indexes Link Soundex - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1880 indexes Link Soundex - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images - Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1870 indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1865 State indexes Link - - - - - - - - -
images Link - - - - - - - - -
1860 indexes Link - - Link Link Link Link Link Link Link
images - Link - Link Link Link Link Link - Link
1855 State indexes Link - - - - - - - - -
images Link - - - - - - - - -
1850 indexes Link - - - - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1840 indexes Link - - - - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1830 indexes Link - - - - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1820 indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1810[8] indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
partial 1800[8] indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1790[8] indexes Link - Tran-
script
Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
  Family Search Internet Archive Misc.  Heritage Quest Fold3 Ancestry FHL  Ancestry Library  Ancestry Home Archives Family Link
Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card) Pay


Federal population schedules

Microfilm images

Federal Census Microfilms Available from the Family History Library
1940 N/A 1910 1870             1790 - 1840
1930 1900 and Soundex 1860
1920 and Soundex 1880 and Soundex 1850
   


Federal Census Microfilms Available from the National Archives
1940 N/A 1910 T624  1860 M653         1820 M33 
1930 T626 1900 T623   Soundex T1051 1850 M432 1810 M252 
1920 T625   Soundex M1567 1880 T9   Soundex T754 1840 M704 1800 M32
  1870 M593  1830 M19  1790 M637

Indexes: fiche, film, or book

For a list of microform and book indexes for the population schedules of Massachusetts, click here

Federal non-population schedules

Online indexes and images

Online Federal Non-Population Schedules for Massachusetts

Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with library card) Pay
Year Type Record Search Census Bureau Google Book Heritage Quest Ancestry FHL Ancestry Library Ancestry Home
1890 Veterans Link - - - Link Link Link
1880 Defective - - - - Link Link Link
1880 Mortality Link - - - Link Link Link
1870 Mortality Link - - - Link Link Link
1860 Mortality Link - - - Link Link Link
1850 Mortality Link - - - Link Link Link
1840 Pensioners Link BookLink BookLink - Link Link Link

Microfilm images

Family History Library Federal Census Non-Population Schedule Microfilms for Massachusetts


National Archives Federal Census Non-Population ScheduleMicrofilms for Massachusetts

  • 1935 Census of Business
  • 1820 - 1880 Census of Manufactures including agriculture, manufacturing, social statistics, mortality and delinquent classes.

Indexes: fiche, film, or book

For a list of microform and book indexes for the non-population schedules of Massachusetts, click here.

State and colonial censuses

Massachusetts often took censuses in the years between the federal censuses, the dates are listed below. State census records may have columns that were different or more unusual than those found on federal censuses. The responses and years of coverage may give additional information on the family.

State and Colonial Censuses of Massachusetts
1945 Lost[9][10]
1935 Lost[9][10]
1925 Lost[9][10]
1915 Lost[9][10]
1905 Lost[9][10]
1895 Lost[9][10]
1885 Lost[9][10]
1875 Lost[9][10]
1865 May 1 Exist[10][11][12]
1855 June 1 Exist[10][11][12]
1850 Lost[10]
1840 Lost[10]
1837 May 1 Lost[10]

Existing and lost censuses

For a list of available and missing Massachusetts censuses, click here.

Why use a census?

A well-indexed census is one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor's family lived and when they lived there. You can also use censuses to follow the changes in a family over time, and identify neighbors. These and other clues provided by censuses are important because they help find additional kinds of records about the family.

More about censuses

Click here for additional details about how to use censuses, such as:

Wiki articles describing online collections are found at:

Sources and footnotes

  1. FamilySearch, a free online service of the Family History Library, including free images of many federal censuses, including an index of the 1880 federal census of the United States; connected with 1880 census images provided by Ancestry.com, a subscription site.
  2. Internet Archive, a free online service includes free images of most of the federal censuses.
  3. HeritageQuest has arranged with many subscribing public libraries in the United States to allow users free access on home computers by means of their personal library card numbers. HeritageQuest provides images of all surviving 1790 to 1930 federal censuses, and indexes to many but not all of them.
  4. Fold3, formerly known as Footnote.com, a subscription site partnering with the National Archives and includes some federal censuses. Free access is available at many public libraries.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Ancestry.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving federal and many state census records, among other sources. They have three online editions: (1) an FHL edition free only at the Family History Library and a few Family History Centers, (2) a slightly smaller Library edition free only at some public libraries, and (3) a Home edition subscription service for individuals.
  6. Archives.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving federal census records, among other sources.
  7. FamilyLink.com, a subscription site that provides online images (and some indexes) to all surviving federal and many state census records, among other sources.
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 Massachusetts federal censuses included Maine in 1790, 1800, and 1810, although Maine counties were always enumerated separately.
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.3 9.4 9.5 9.6 9.7 Ann S. Lainhart, State Census Records (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992)[[FHL book 973 X2Lai]], 57-61.
  10. 10.00 10.01 10.02 10.03 10.04 10.05 10.06 10.07 10.08 10.09 10.10 10.11 10.12 Henry J. Dubester, State Censuses: An Annotated Bibliography of Censuses of Population Taken After the Year 1790 by States and Territories of the United States (Washington, D.C.: GPO, 1948) [FHL Book 973 X23s; Film 982038 Item 13; Fiche 6018062], 24-29.
  11. 11.0 11.1 Ann S. Lainhart, State Census Records (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992)[[FHL book 973 X2Lai]], 57-61. Original censuses at the Massachusetts State Archives.
  12. 12.0 12.1 Massachusetts, Secretary of the Commonwealth, State Census, 1855–1865 (Salt Lake City, Utah: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1974) [FHL Films 953973+]. For online census editions see "Online Federal and State Population Schedules for Massachusetts" above.



 

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  • This page was last modified on 28 June 2012, at 18:00.
  • This page has been accessed 15,428 times.