Massachusetts Census

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''[[United States|United States ]] >  [[United States Census|U.S. Census ]] >  [[Massachusetts|Massachusetts]]  >  [[Massachusetts_Census|Census]]''  
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''[[United States|United States ]] >  [[United States Census|U.S. Census ]] >  [[Massachusetts|Massachusetts]]  >  [[Massachusetts Census|Census]]''  
  
=== Existing and lost censuses  ===
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{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" width="100%" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
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|-
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| width="44%" | __TOC__
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| valign="middle" | <center><font size="+1">'''Tips'''</font></center>
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*If at first you don't find a name, try again under [[Spelling Substitution Tables for the United States and Canada|another spelling]].
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*[[Copying Sources|Photocopy]] each ancestor's census. Identify where you found it.
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*Look for an ancestor in '''''every''''' census during her or his lifetime.
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*On the [[Adding a Custom Event to a PAF Family Group Record|family group record]] show&nbsp;each person's census listings.
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*Study&nbsp;others in the same household, neighbors, and anyone with the similar names nearby on the census in [[Research a Family in Community Context|community context]].
  
For a list of available and missing Massachusetts censuses, [[Massachusetts Censuses Existing and Lost|click here]]. <br>
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<br>  
  
== Availability  ==
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*For a list of the exact date of each federal census, [[Massachusetts Censuses Existing and Lost|click here]].
  
'''1800 Suffolk County'''--Census is mostly lost.
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|}
  
'''''1850 United States Census'''''—A free Internet index and images to the 1850 United States Census can be viewed on the [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1401638 FamilySearch Record Search – Pilot Site]. This index includes every name listed on the census and is linked to an image including information about each person’s residence and age in 1850, birthplace, occupation, other family members, and neighbors.
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=== Online Massachusetts indexes and images ===
  
<br>'''''1855 Massachusetts State Census'''''—A free Internet index and images to the [http://search.labs.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1459985 1855&nbsp;Massachusetts&nbsp;State Census] can be viewed on the FamilySearch Record Search – Pilot Site. This index includes every name listed on the census and is linked to an image including information about each person’s residence and age in 1855, birthplace, occupation, other family members, whether married or single, and neighbors.&nbsp;For a description of this collection, see [[Massachusetts 1855 State Census|Massachusetts 1855 State Census]].<br><br>'''1860 United States Census'''''—A free Internet index and images to the 1860 United States Census can be viewed on the [http://search.labs.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1473181 FamilySearch Record Search – Pilot Site.] This index includes every name listed on the census and is linked to an image including information about each person’s residence and age in 1860, birthplace, occupation, other family members, whether married or single, and neighbors.''
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{{Census Online Massachusetts}}
  
'''&nbsp;1870 United States Census---'''A free internet index and images can be viewed on [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1438024 FamilySearch Record Pilot site]. This index includes the full name, age, sex, race, birthplace, occupation, month if born in census year, month if married in census year, birth place of father and mother, if born in a foreign country.
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=== Federal population schedules  ===
  
'''''1880 United States Census'''''– A Free Internet Index and Images to the US Census can be viewed on the [http://search.labs.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1417683 Family Search Record Pilot – Pilot Site.] This index includes an every name index to population schedules listing inhabitants. It includes the full name, race, sex, age, birth month (if born during the previous year), relationship to head of household, whether married, single or divorced, whether married during the previous year, country or state of birth of each person and his parent’s, occupation and street address and house number.
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==== Microfilm images  ====
  
'''1890 Census--'''Census was destroyed, except for a list of Civil War Union soldiers, which has a published index.
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*
  
<br>'''1900 Federal Census''' - A free Internet index and images to the 1900 United States Census can be viewed on the&nbsp; [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#start FamilySearch Record Search – Pilot Site<span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1236863911171_679" />]. Important additions to this census are month and year of birth of each household member, number of years married for each married person, number of children born to each mother and the number of those still living, year of immigration, and number of years in the United States.
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==== Indexes: fiche, film, or book  ====
  
== Historical Background  ==
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For a list of microform and book indexes for the population schedules of Massachusetts, [[Massachusetts Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book|click here]]
  
1788--Massachusetts came into the Union as the 6th state.
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=== Federal non-population schedules  ===
  
== Indexes ==
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==== Online indexes and images ====
  
==== Ancestry ====
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{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1" align="center" width="77%"
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|-
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| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" colspan="11" | <font size="+1">'''Online Federal Non-Population Schedules for Massachusetts'''</font>
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|-
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| bgcolor="#ff9900" colspan="2" | <br>
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| bgcolor="#ff9966" align="center" colspan="3" | '''Free'''
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| bgcolor="#cccccc" align="center" colspan="3" | '''Free at Some Libraries''' (usually&nbsp;with&nbsp;library&nbsp;card)
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| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" | '''Pay'''
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|-
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| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" | '''Year'''
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| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" width="10%" | '''Type'''
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| bgcolor="#ff9966" align="center" | '''Record Search'''
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| bgcolor="#ff9966" align="center" | '''Census Bureau'''
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| bgcolor="#ff9966" align="center" | '''Google Book'''
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| bgcolor="#cccccc" align="center" | '''Heritage Quest'''
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| bgcolor="#cccccc" align="center" | '''Ancestry FHL'''
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| bgcolor="#cccccc" align="center" | '''Ancestry Library'''
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| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" | '''Ancestry Home'''
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|-
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| '''1890'''
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| width="20%" | Veterans
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8667&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8667&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8667&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
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|-
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| '''1880'''
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| width="20%" | Mortality
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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|-
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| '''1870'''
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| Mortality
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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|-
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| '''1860'''
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| Mortality
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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|-
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| '''1850'''
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| Mortality
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| align="center" | [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;c=1420441 Link]
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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|-
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| '''1840'''
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| Pensioners
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/1840c-01.pdf BookLink]
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| align="center" | [http://books.google.com/books?id=W7JYAAAAMAAJ&dq=1840+census+pensioners&printsec=frontcover&source=bl&ots=W0XUmfgahX&sig=WRyMIVwiePLwKmlxhbchJl1ZeeA&hl=en&ei=SJ0MSvSrBqOMtgf19I2FCA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=10#PPA61,M1 BookLink]
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7678 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7678 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7678 Link]
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|}
  
All census records for Massachusetts are indexed on Ancestry.
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==== Microfilm images  ====
  
==== Statewide indexes to federal censuses  ====
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*1880 mortality schedules ([http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=565641&disp=Schedule+5.+Persons+who+died+during+th++ Family History Library film 1421020–23])
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*1870 mortality schedules ([http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=565601&disp=Schedule+5.+Social+statistics+for+the+++ Family History Library film 1421018–19])
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*1860 mortality schedules ([http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=565573&disp=Schedule+3.+Persons+who+died+during+th++ Family History Library film 1421017])
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*1850 mortality schedules ([http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=343724&disp=Schedule+3.+Persons+who+died+during+th++ Family History Library film 1421015–16])
  
'''Book Indexes:''' 1790, 1800, 1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860
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==== Indexes: fiche, film, or book  ====
  
:1790–1850: microfiche indexes<br>
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For a list of microform and book indexes for the non-population schedules of Massachusetts, [[Massachusetts Non-Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book|click here]].
:1870 Hampden County: book index<br>
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:1880 (partial), 1900, 1920 and 1930: Soundex (phonetic) indexes on microfilm<br>
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:1910: no index for Massachusetts
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==== Town indexes to federal censuses  ====
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=== State and colonial censuses  ===
  
Can sometimes help locate names missed in statewide indexes. They&nbsp;are sometimes listed in the Place Search of the Family History Library Catalog under MASSACHUSETTS, [COUNTY], [TOWN]-CENSUS
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'''1855 and 1865 State Censuses--'''The original censuses are at the Massachusetts State Archives. The Family History Library has copies of:
  
==== City Finding Helps  ====
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*Massachusetts, Secretary of the Commonwealth. ''State Census, 1855–1865''. Salt Lake City, Utah: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1974. These records are arranged by county and town. They list an individual's name, age, state or country of birth, and occupation.
  
'''City Directories:''' In large cities first find the person's address in the city directory for the same year as the census. Then look for that address in the census.  
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{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1" align="center" width="100%"
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|-
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| bgcolor="#99cc99" align="center" colspan="90" | '''State and Colonial Censuses of Massachusetts'''<ref>Ann S. Lainhart, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/26517040 State Census Records]'' (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992), 57.</ref><ref>Henry J. Dubester, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/37244714 State Censuses: An Annotated Bibliography of Censuses of Population Taken After the Year 1790 by States and Territories of the United States]'' (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1948), 24-29.</ref>
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|-
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| align="left" | '''1945'''
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| align="left" width="85%" | &nbsp;'''Lost'''
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|-
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| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="left" | '''1935'''
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| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="left" | &nbsp;'''Lost'''
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|-
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| align="left" | '''1925'''
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| align="left" | &nbsp;'''Lost'''
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|-
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| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="left" | '''1915'''
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| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="left" | &nbsp;'''Lost'''
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|-
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| align="left" | '''1905'''
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| align="left" | &nbsp;'''Lost'''
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|-
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| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="left" | '''1895'''
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| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="left" | &nbsp;'''Lost'''
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|-
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| align="left" | '''1885'''
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| align="left" | &nbsp;'''Lost'''
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|-
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| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="left" | '''1875'''
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| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="left" | &nbsp;'''Lost'''
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|-
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| align="left" | '''1865''' May 1
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| align="left" | &nbsp;Exist
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|-
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| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="left" | '''1855''' June 1
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| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="left" | &nbsp;Exist
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|-
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| align="left" | '''1850'''
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| align="left" | &nbsp;'''Lost'''
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|-
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| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="left" | '''1840'''
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| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="left" | &nbsp;'''Lost'''
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|-
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| align="left" | '''1837''' May 1
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| align="left" | &nbsp;'''Lost'''
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|}
  
The following reference tools help determine which census schedule microfilm and enumeration district to search for specific addresses:
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=== Existing and lost censuses  ===
  
*Kirkham, E. Kay. A Handy Guide to Record- Searching in the Larger Cities of the United States. Logan, Utah: Everton, 1974. ([http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=216818&disp=A+handy+guide+to+record-searching+in+t++ Family History Library book 973 D27kc; fiche 6010059-60].) Includes ward maps and street indexes for Boston for 1850–1855, 1860, and 1877.
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For a list of available and missing Massachusetts censuses, [[Massachusetts Censuses Existing and Lost|click here]]. <br>
  
United States. Census Office. Census Descriptions of Geographic Subdivisions and Enumeration Districts.<br>
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=== Why use a census?  ===
 
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:1870 ([http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=464745&disp=Descriptions+of+census+geographic+subdiv++ Family History Library film 1402859])<br>1880 ([[1402861|Family History Library film 1402861]])<br>1900 ([http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=59389&disp=Census+enumeration+district+descriptions++ Family History Library film 1303022])<br>1910 ([http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=297379&disp=Census+descriptions+of+geographic+subdiv++ Family History Library film 1374005])<br>1920 ([http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=622083&disp=Census+descriptions+of+geographic+subdiv++ Family History Library film 1842708])
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*Buckway, G. Eileen. U.S. ''1910 Federal Census: Unindexed States: A Guide to Finding Census Enumeration Districts for Unindexed Cities, Towns, and Villages.'' Salt Lake City, Utah: Family History Library, 1992. ([http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=594710&disp=U.S.+1910+federal+census+%3A+unindex++ Family History Library book 973 X2bu 1910; fiche 6101340].) Lists all Massachusetts towns (or wards) with their 1910 census enumeration district numbers and Family History Library film numbers. Boston, Brockton, Cambridge, Fall River, Holyoke, Lawrence, Lowell, Lynn, New Bedford, Somerville, Springfield, and Worcester each have special instructions. These often includeFamily History Libraryor film numbers for city directories.
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*Malmberg, Emil and Maurine. ''Street Indexes to Unindexed Cities in the U.S. 1910 Federal Census.'' Salt Lake City, Utah: Family History Library, 1993. ([http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=664573&disp=Street+indexes+to+unindexed+cities+in+th++ Family History Library book 973 X2str 1910; fiche 6104151].) Lists Boston street addresses with their corresponding page numbers, 1910 census enumeration district numbers, and Family History Library film numbers.
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*Marnier, Mary Lou and Patricia Rougham Bellows. ''A Research Aid for the Massachusetts 1910 Federal Census.'' Sudbury, Massachusetts: Computerized Assistance, 1988. ([http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=671175&disp=A+research+aid+for+the+Massachusetts+191%20%20&columns=*,0,0 Family History Library book 974 X22m].) This book gives the wards, precincts, enumeration districts, and starting page for each town. Includes maps. Refers to the National Archives microfilm numbers, which can be matched to Family History Library microfilm numbers.
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== Special Censuses ==
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==== Mortality Schedules  ====
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'''1850-1880--'''Mortality schedules for 1850, 1860, 1870, and 1880 list those who died in the year before the census. These are at the Massachusetts State Archives, the National Archives, and the Family History Library:
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'''1850 United States Census Mortality Schedules'''—A free Internet index and images to the 1850 United States Census Mortality Schedules can be viewed on the [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1420441 FamilySearch Record Search - Pilot Site]. Mortality schedules provided nationwide death statistics for the twelve months&nbsp;prior to the 1850 census.&nbsp; Key genealogical facts found on the 1850 mortality&nbsp;schedule are: Name, age, sex, color, married or widowed, birthplace, month of death, occupation, cause of death.
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*[http://mortalityschedules.com/ Mortality Schedules 1850-1880]
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&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 1850 ([http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=343724&disp=Schedule+3.+Persons+who+died+during+th++ Family History Library film 1421015–16])<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 1860 ([http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=565573&disp=Schedule+3.+Persons+who+died+during+th++ Family History Library film 1421017])<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 1870 ([http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=565601&disp=Schedule+5.+Social+statistics+for+the+++ Family History Library film 1421018–19])<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 1880 ([http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=565641&disp=Schedule+5.+Persons+who+died+during+th++ Family History Library film 1421020–23])
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== State Censuses  ==
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+
'''1855 and 1865 State Censuses--'''The original censuses are at the Massachusetts State Archives. The Family History Library has copies of:
+
 
+
*Massachusetts, Secretary of the Commonwealth. ''State Census, 1855–1865''. Salt Lake City, Utah: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1974. These records are arranged by county and town. They list an individual's name, age, state or country of birth, and occupation.
+
  
'''''1855 Massachusetts State Census—'''''A free Internet index and images to the 1855 Massachusetts State Census can be viewed on the [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1459985 FamilySearch Record Search]. This index includes every name listed on the census and is linked to an image including information about each person’s residence and age in 1855, birthplace, occupation, other family members, and neighbors.  
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A well-indexed census is one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor's family lived and when they lived there. You can also use censuses to follow the changes in a family over time, and identify neighbors. These and other clues provided by censuses are important because they help find additional kinds of records about the family.  
  
'''''1865 Massachusetts State Census'''''—A free Internet index and images to the 1865 Massachusetts State Census can be viewed on the [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1410399 FamilySearch Record Search – Pilot Site.] This index includes every name listed on the census and is linked to an image including information about each person’s residence and age in 1865, birthplace, occupation, other family members, and neighbors.
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=== More about censuses  ===
  
== Territorial Censuses  ==
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[[United States Census|Click here]] for additional details about how to use censuses, such as:
  
== Websites  ==
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:*[[United States Census Searching|index searching tips]]
 +
:*[[United States Census Analyzing Census Data|analyzing and using what you find]]
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:*[[United States Census Accuracy|census accuracy]]
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:*[[United States Census Historical Background|historical background]]
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:*[[United States Census#Contents_of_Federal_Censuses|contents of various census years and types]]
  
*FamilySearch: [http://search.labs.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=2;t=searchable;c=1459985 Record Search] Massachusetts 1855 State Census. This free&nbsp;site will let you view and save.
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=== Sources and footnotes  ===
*Ancestry:&nbsp; [http://www.ancestry.com http://www.ancestry.com]
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*Heritage Quest Online:&nbsp; [http://www.heritagequestonline.com http://www.heritagequestonline.com]
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*Census Online:&nbsp; [http://www.census-online.com/links/MA/ http://www.census-online.com/links/MA/]
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*Genealogy Today:&nbsp; [http://dir.genealogytoday.com/usa/ma/census.html http://dir.genealogytoday.com/usa/ma/census.html]
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*Access Genealogy:&nbsp;[http://www.accessgenealogy.com/census/massachusetts.htm http://www.accessgenealogy.com/census/massachusetts.htm]
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*Census Finder:&nbsp;[http://www.censusfinder.com/massachusetts.htm www.censusfinder.com/massachusetts.htm]
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*USGenWeb-Massachusetts:&nbsp;[http://www.us-census.org/states/massachusetts/ www.us-census.org/states/massachusetts/]
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*Mortality Schedules:&nbsp; [http://mortalityschedules.com/ http://mortalityschedules.com/]
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*Massachusetts Genealogy Census Records: http://massachusetts-genealogy.com/Massachusetts-Census-Records.cfm
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== References  ==
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{{reflist}}
  
''[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/search/RG/frameset_rg.asp?Dest=G1&Aid=&Gid=&Lid=&Sid=&Did=&Juris1=&Event=&Year=&Gloss=&Sub=&Tab=&Entry=&Guide=Massachusetts.ASP Massachusetts Research Outline].'' Salt Lake City, Utah: Intellectual Reserve, Inc., Family History Department, 1998, 2001.
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{{Place|Massachusetts}} {{stub}}
  
 
[[Category:Massachusetts|Census]]
 
[[Category:Massachusetts|Census]]

Revision as of 01:42, 16 February 2010

United States  >  U.S. Census  >  Massachusetts  >  Census

Contents

Tips
  • If at first you don't find a name, try again under another spelling.
  • Photocopy each ancestor's census. Identify where you found it.
  • Look for an ancestor in every census during her or his lifetime.
  • On the family group record show each person's census listings.
  • Study others in the same household, neighbors, and anyone with the similar names nearby on the census in community context.


  • For a list of the exact date of each federal census, click here.

Online Massachusetts indexes and images

Online Federal and State Population Schedules of Massachusetts 
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Family
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Internet Archive[2]  Misc.  Heritage Quest[3] Fold3[4] Ancestry FHL[5] Ancestry Library[5] Ancestry Home[5] Archives[6] Family Link[7]
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Federal population schedules

Microfilm images

Indexes: fiche, film, or book

For a list of microform and book indexes for the population schedules of Massachusetts, click here

Federal non-population schedules

Online indexes and images

Online Federal Non-Population Schedules for Massachusetts

Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with library card) Pay
Year Type Record Search Census Bureau Google Book Heritage Quest Ancestry FHL Ancestry Library Ancestry Home
1890 Veterans - - - - Link Link Link
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1840 Pensioners - BookLink BookLink - Link Link Link

Microfilm images

Indexes: fiche, film, or book

For a list of microform and book indexes for the non-population schedules of Massachusetts, click here.

State and colonial censuses

1855 and 1865 State Censuses--The original censuses are at the Massachusetts State Archives. The Family History Library has copies of:

  • Massachusetts, Secretary of the Commonwealth. State Census, 1855–1865. Salt Lake City, Utah: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1974. These records are arranged by county and town. They list an individual's name, age, state or country of birth, and occupation.
State and Colonial Censuses of Massachusetts[9][10]
1945  Lost
1935  Lost
1925  Lost
1915  Lost
1905  Lost
1895  Lost
1885  Lost
1875  Lost
1865 May 1  Exist
1855 June 1  Exist
1850  Lost
1840  Lost
1837 May 1  Lost

Existing and lost censuses

For a list of available and missing Massachusetts censuses, click here.

Why use a census?

A well-indexed census is one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor's family lived and when they lived there. You can also use censuses to follow the changes in a family over time, and identify neighbors. These and other clues provided by censuses are important because they help find additional kinds of records about the family.

More about censuses

Click here for additional details about how to use censuses, such as:

Sources and footnotes

  1. FamilySearch, a free online service of the Family History Library, including free images of many federal censuses, including an index of the 1880 federal census of the United States; connected with 1880 census images provided by Ancestry.com, a subscription site.
  2. Internet Archive, a free online service includes free images of most of the federal censuses.
  3. HeritageQuest has arranged with many subscribing public libraries in the United States to allow users free access on home computers by means of their personal library card numbers. HeritageQuest provides images of all surviving 1790 to 1930 federal censuses, and indexes to many but not all of them.
  4. Fold3, formerly known as Footnote.com, a subscription site partnering with the National Archives and includes some federal censuses. Free access is available at many public libraries.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Ancestry.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving federal and many state census records, among other sources. They have three online editions: (1) an FHL edition free only at the Family History Library and a few Family History Centers, (2) a slightly smaller Library edition free only at some public libraries, and (3) a Home edition subscription service for individuals.
  6. Archives.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving federal census records, among other sources.
  7. FamilyLink.com, a subscription site that provides online images (and some indexes) to all surviving federal and many state census records, among other sources.
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 Massachusetts federal censuses included Maine in 1790, 1800, and 1810, although Maine counties were always enumerated separately.
  9. Ann S. Lainhart, State Census Records (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992), 57.
  10. Henry J. Dubester, State Censuses: An Annotated Bibliography of Censuses of Population Taken After the Year 1790 by States and Territories of the United States (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1948), 24-29.