Mexico, Distrito Federal Civil Registration (FamilySearch Historical Records)Edit This Page
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Foreign Language Title
Registro Civil del Distrito Federal, México
Collection Time Period
This collection of civil records for Distrito Federal covers the inclusive years of 1861 to 2005.
This is a collection of civil registration records for Mexico. Records, such as birth, marriages, and deaths, are organized by state and then by municipality/city. Earlier records were handwritten in narrative style; later records were handwritten in formatted registers. The text of these records is in Spanish.
The key genealogical facts found in most birth records are:
- Date and place of the event
- Name of the principal
- Child’s gender
- Child’s date of birth
- Parents' names, residence, and/or places of origin
- Names of witnesses
The key genealogical facts found in most marriage records are:
- Date and place of the event
- Names of the bride and groom
- Their civil statuses (widowed, single, divorced) at the time of the event
- Place of origin and residence of the bride and groom
- Names of parents
- Name of witnesses
The key genealogical facts found in most death records are:
- Place and date of the event
- Place and date of death
- Name of the principal (deceased)
- Civil status of principal at time of death
- Civil status and name of spouse, if married at time of death
- Parents' names
- Sometimes included place of burial
How to Use the Record
The civil registration records in Mexico are an excellent source for genealogical research after 1867. Important genealogical data can be found in these records, which may also include data of other family members to fill in another generation group. Begin your search by finding your ancestors in the index of birth, marriage, or death. Use the locator information in the index (such as page, entry, or certificate number) to locate your ancestors in the records. Compare the information in the record to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct person. You may need to compare the information of more than one person to make this determination. Be aware that as with any index, transcription errors may occur.
When you have located your ancestor’s birth, marriage, or death record, carefully evaluate each piece of information about them. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors.
- Use the date along with the place to find the family in census records.
- Use the residence and names of the parents to locate church and land records.
- The father’s occupation can lead you to employment records, military records, or other types of records.
- The parents' birth places can tell you former residences and can help to establish a migration pattern for the family.
It is often helpful to extract the information on all children with the same parents. If the surname is unusual, you may want to compile entries for every person of the same surname and sort them into families based on the names of the parents. Continue to search the records to identify siblings, parents, and other relatives in the same or other generations who were born in the same town or nearby location.
Keep in mind:
- The information in civil records is usually reliable, but depends upon the reliability of the informant.
- Earlier records may not contain as much information as the records created after the late 1800s.
- There is also some variation in the information given from record to record.
Civil records in Mexico cover about 90 to 95% of the population. Beginning in 1859, the Mexican government began requiring births, marriages, and deaths to be recorded by civil authorities on a municipality/district level. Although these records are a great source of genealogical information, they are not complete as civil registration wasn't strictly enforced in Mexico until 1867 and people did not always comply. For this reason, church registers must be used alongside the civil records. The civil records of Mexico have been preserved relatively well. Only some of the older registers may have some physical damage. However, in general they are in good condition to extract genealogical information.
Why the Record Was Created
The Mexican civil registration was created to record the vital events of birth, marriage, death, and other civil events which would determine and prove the civil status, existence, and condition of the population.
The civil registration records of Mexico are a reliable source for doing genealogical research.
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Contributions to This Article
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Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections
When you copy information from a record, you should also list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the Wiki Article: How to Cite FamilySearch Collections.
Examples of Source Citations for a Record in This Collection
- “Delaware Marriage Records,” index and images, FamilySearch (https://www.familysearch.org): accessed 4 March 2011, entry for William Anderson and Elizabeth Baynard Henry, married 23 November 1913; citing marriage certificate no. 859; FHL microfilm 2,025,063; Delaware Bureau of Archives and Records Management, Dover.
- “El Salvador Civil Registration,” index and images, FamilySearch (https://www.familysearch.org): accessed 21 March 2011, entry for Jose Maria Antonio del Carmen, born 9 April 1880; citing La Libertad, San Juan Opico, Nacimientos 1879-1893, image 50; Ministerio Archivo Civil de la Alcaldia Municipal de San Salvador.
Sources of Information for This Collection
Mexico. Various municipal offices of the civil registry. Civil registration, 1861-2005. Archivo General del Registro Civil del Distrito Federal, Ciudad de México, México.
Original records are also housed in different municipal archives throughout the state of name.
Detailed instructions for adding citations are also listed in the wiki article: How to Create Source Citations For FamilySearch Historical Records Collections.