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''[[United States|United States ]] >  [[United States Census|U.S. Census ]] >  [[Michigan|Michigan]]  >  [[Michigan Census]]''  
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''[[United States|United States ]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]]  [[United States Census|U.S. Census ]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]]  [[Michigan|Michigan]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]]  [[Michigan_Census|Census]]''  
  
== Available and Lost Census Schedules ==
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{| width="100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
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|-
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| width="44%" | __TOC__
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| valign="middle" | <center><font size="+1">'''Tips'''</font></center>
 +
*If at first you don't find a name, try again under [[Spelling Substitution Tables for the United States and Canada|another spelling]].
 +
*[[Copying Sources|Photocopy]] each ancestor's census. Identify where you found it.
 +
*Look for an ancestor in '''''every''''' census during her or his lifetime.
 +
*On the [[Adding a Custom Event to a PAF Family Group Record|family group record]] show&nbsp;each person's census listings.
 +
*Study&nbsp;others in the same household, neighbors, and anyone with the similar names nearby on the census in [[Research a Family in Community Context|community context]].
 +
 
 +
<br>
 +
 
 +
*For a list of the exact date of each federal census, [[Michigan Censuses Existing and Lost|click here]].
 +
 
 +
|}
 +
 
 +
=== Online Michigan indexes and images ===
 +
 
 +
{{Census Online Michigan}}
 +
 
 +
<br>
  
{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="100%" border="1"
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1884 - 1894 State Census Images (http://seekingmichigan.org/discover)<br>
|+ '''MICHIGAN:&nbsp; Existing and Lost Federal Census Schedules'''  
+
 
 +
=== Federal population schedules  ===
 +
 
 +
==== Microfilm images  ====
 +
 
 +
{| width="745" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
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|+ '''Federal Census Microfilms Available from the [[Family History Library|Family History Library]]'''  
 
|-
 
|-
| align="center" width="74" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | &nbsp;  
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| 1940 N/A&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;  
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | '''Population Schedules'''
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| {{FHL|637206|title-id|disp=1910 and Soundex}}
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | '''Vets'''
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| {{FHL|408252|title-id|disp=1870&nbsp;}}&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | '''Slave'''
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| {{FHL|745495|title-id|disp=1840}}
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | '''Mortal'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | '''Agricu'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | '''Indust'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | '''Defect'''
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|-
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| '''1810''' Aug 6
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| Lost except for fragments for Detroit and Michilimackinac
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| &nbsp;  
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| &nbsp;  
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| &nbsp;  
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| &nbsp;  
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| &nbsp;  
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| &nbsp;
 
| &nbsp;
 
|-
 
|-
| '''1820''' Aug 7
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| {{FHL|1036363|title-id|disp=1930&nbsp;}}
| Exist for all counties
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| {{FHL|656796|title-id|disp=1900 and Soundex}}
| &nbsp;  
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| {{FHL|705079|title-id|disp=1860}}&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;  
| &nbsp;  
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| {{FHL|745495|title-id|disp=1830}}
| &nbsp;  
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| &nbsp;  
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| Exist
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| &nbsp;
 
| &nbsp;
 
|-
 
|-
| '''1830''' Jun 1
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| {{FHL|572775|title-id|disp=1920&nbsp;and Soundex&nbsp;}}&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
| Exist for all counties
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| {{FHL|673571|title-id|disp=1880 and Soundex}}
| &nbsp;  
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| {{FHL|744485|title-id|disp=1850}}
| &nbsp;  
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| {{FHL|745495|title-id|disp=1820}}
| &nbsp;  
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| &nbsp;  
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| &nbsp;  
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| &nbsp;
 
| &nbsp;
 
|-
 
|-
| '''1840''' Jun 1
 
| Exist for all counties
 
| Exist
 
| &nbsp;
 
| &nbsp;
 
 
| &nbsp;  
 
| &nbsp;  
 +
| <br>
 
| &nbsp;  
 
| &nbsp;  
 +
| {{FHL|36286|title-id|disp=1810}}
 
| &nbsp;
 
| &nbsp;
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|}
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 +
<br>
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{| width="745" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
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|+ '''Federal Census Microfilms Available from the [[National Archives and Records Administration|National Archives]]'''
 
|-
 
|-
| '''1850''' Jun 1
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| 1940 N/A
| Exist for all counties
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1910/part-03.html#michigan 1910 T624]&nbsp; [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1910/part-01.html#michigan Soundex T1268]
| &nbsp;  
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-05.html#michigan 1870 M593&nbsp;]&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
| &nbsp;  
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-02.html#1840 1840 M704]
| Exist
+
| Exist
+
| Exist
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| &nbsp;
+
 
|-
 
|-
| '''1860''' Jun 1
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| [http://1930census.archives.gov/stateSearch.asp 1930 T626]
| Exist for all counties
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1900/part-07.html#michigan 1900 T623]&nbsp;&nbsp; [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1900/part-04.html#michigan Soundex T1052]
| &nbsp;  
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-04.html#michigan 1860 M653]
| &nbsp;  
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-02.html#1830 1830 M19]
| Exist
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| Exist
+
| Exist
+
| &nbsp;
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|-
 
|-
| '''1870''' Jun 1
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1920/part-08.html#michigan 1920 T625]&nbsp; [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1920/part-03.html#michigan Soundex M1568]
| Exist for all counties
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-07.html#michigan 1880 T9]&nbsp; [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-06.html#michigan Soundex T755]
| &nbsp;  
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-03.html#michigan 1850 M432]
| &nbsp;  
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-02.html#1820 1820 M33]
| Exist
+
| Exist
+
| Exist
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| &nbsp;
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|-
 
|-
| '''1880''' Jun 1
 
| Exist for all counties
 
| &nbsp;
 
| &nbsp;
 
| Exist
 
| Exist
 
| Exist
 
| &nbsp;
 
|-
 
| '''1890''' Jun 2
 
| Federal&nbsp;population&nbsp;schedules&nbsp;lost for all counties
 
| Exist
 
| &nbsp;
 
| &nbsp;
 
| &nbsp;
 
| &nbsp;
 
| &nbsp;
 
|-
 
| '''1900''' Jun 1
 
| Exist for all counties
 
| &nbsp;
 
| &nbsp;
 
| &nbsp;
 
| &nbsp;
 
| &nbsp;
 
| &nbsp;
 
|-
 
| '''1910''' Apr 15
 
| Exist for all counties
 
| &nbsp;
 
| &nbsp;
 
| &nbsp;
 
| &nbsp;
 
| &nbsp;
 
| &nbsp;
 
|-
 
| '''1920''' Jan 1
 
| Exist for all counties
 
| &nbsp;
 
| &nbsp;
 
| &nbsp;
 
| &nbsp;
 
| &nbsp;
 
| &nbsp;
 
|-
 
| '''1930''' Apr 1
 
| Exist for all counties
 
| &nbsp;
 
| &nbsp;
 
 
| &nbsp;  
 
| &nbsp;  
 
| &nbsp;  
 
| &nbsp;  
 
| &nbsp;  
 
| &nbsp;  
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| <br>
 
| &nbsp;
 
| &nbsp;
 
|}
 
|}
  
The '''1820''' and '''1830''' censuses include present-day Wisconsin.<br>
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==== Indexes: fiche, film, or book  ====
  
'''1820-1930--'''The Family History Library has the U.S. federal censuses of Michigan.
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For a list of microform and book indexes for the population schedules of Michigan, [[Michigan Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book|click here]]
  
'''1810-- '''The census was destroyed except for fragments for Detroit and Michilimackinac.
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=== Federal non-population schedules  ===
  
'''''1850 United States Census'''''—A free Internet index and images to the 1850 United States Census can be viewed on the [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1401638 FamilySearch Record Search – Pilot Site]. This index includes every name listed on the census and is linked to an image including information about each person’s residence and age in 1850, birthplace, occupation, other family members, and neighbors.
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==== Online indexes and images ====
  
'''1860 United States Census'''''—A free Internet index and images to the 1860 United States Census can be viewed on the [http://search.labs.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1473181 FamilySearch Record Search – Pilot Site.] This index includes every name listed on the census and is linked to an image including information about each person’s residence and age in 1860, birthplace, occupation, other family members, whether married or single, and neighbors.''
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{| width="77%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1" align="center"
 
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'''1870 United States Census---'''A free internet index and images can be viewed on [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1438024 FamilySearch Record Pilot site]. This index includes the full name, age, sex, race, birthplace, occupation, month if born in census year, month if married in census year, birth place of father and mother, if born in a foreign country.
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'''''1880 United States Census'''''– A Free Internet Index and Images to the US Census can be viewed on the [http://search.labs.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1417683 Family Search Record Pilot – Pilot Site.] This index includes an every name index to population schedules listing inhabitants. It includes the full name, race, sex, age, birth month (if born during the previous year), relationship to head of household, whether married, single or divorced, whether married during the previous year, country or state of birth of each person and his parent’s, occupation and street address and house number.
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'''1890-- '''The census was also destroyed, but the 1890 list of Union veterans still exists and has been indexed.
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'''1900 Federal Census''' - A free Internet index and images to the 1900 United States Census can be viewed on the&nbsp; [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#start FamilySearch Record Search – Pilot Site<span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1236863911171_679" />]. Important additions to this census are month and year of birth of each household member, number of years married for each married person, number of children born to each mother and the number of those still living, year of immigration, and number of years in the United States.
+
 
+
'''Missing Data''':
+
 
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'''1880--'''Michigan =<br>Oscoda County is missing people.<br>Sanilac County is missing about 1,600 people.<br>
+
 
+
&nbsp;
+
 
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== Historical Background  ==
+
 
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'''1668--'''Sault Ste. Marie, the oldest community in Michigan was founded by the French.
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+
'''1701--'''Detroit was founded.
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+
'''1763--'''The British took possession of the area but discouraged settlers.
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+
'''1787--'''Michigan became part of the U.S. Northwest Territory, but the British still controlled Detroit and Mackinac.
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+
'''1796--'''The British withdrew from their remaining posts, including Detroit.
+
 
+
'''1800--'''The area became part of the Indiana Territory.
+
 
+
'''1805--'''Congress created Michigan Territory.
+
 
+
'''1837--'''Michigan became a state.
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+
== Indexes  ==
+
 
+
'''1820-1870--'''Statewide indexes are at the Family History Library for the censuses, in book or microfiche format.
+
 
+
<br>'''1850, 1860, 1870,&nbsp;1880 &amp; 1900&nbsp;'''&nbsp;United States Censuses for Michigan&nbsp;are available at [http://search.labs.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=0 labs.familysearch.org] for free. Site includes searchable name indexes and images. '''1880''' is available in name index only.&nbsp;
+
 
+
'''1880-- '''The&nbsp;census has a partial soundex (phonetic index) on microfilm. It only lists families with children under age ten.
+
 
+
'''1900-1930--'''Censuses have complete soundex indexes on microfilm.
+
 
+
County-wide indexes sometimes help you locate names overlooked in statewide indexes. Dozens of county-wide indexes for various years are identified in:
+
 
+
*Callard, Carole, ed. ''Sourcebook of Michigan Census, County Histories, and Vital Records''. Lansing, Michigan: Library of Michigan, 1986. (Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=616453&disp=Sourcebook+of+Michigan+census%2C+county+%20%20&columns=*,0,0 book 977.4 A3sm; fiche 6101261].)
+
 
+
<br>
+
 
+
If your ancestor lived in a large city:
+
 
+
Find your ancestor's address. Look in a city directory for the same year as the census.Find the enumeration district for that address. (Citites were divided into enumeration districts. Before 1880, the divisions were called wards. Find the enumeration district on the census microfilm (look in the upper right corner of the census page).&nbsp;Look for your ancestor in the enumeration district. If you cannot find the ward or enumeration district, you may still search the census for that city line by line, but it is time-consuming.
+
 
+
<br>In smaller towns or rural areas:
+
 
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Find the town or, for rural areas, a nearby town on the census. (Look in the upper-left corner of the census page.) <br>Look for your ancestor in that town.
+
 
+
<br>The following reference tools may help you find the enumeration district for a specific address:
+
 
+
*Kirkham, E. Kay. ''A Handy Guide to Record- Searching in the Larger Cities of the United States''. Logan, Utah: Everton, 1974. (Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=216818&disp=A+handy+guide+to+record%2Dsearching+in+t%20%20&columns=*,0,0 book 973 D27kc; fiche 6020059–60].) Includes ward map and street index for Detroit in 1878.<br>
+
*United States. Census Office. ''Census Descriptions of Geographic Subdivisions and Enumerations Districts'', T1224 and T1210. Contains the items below:
+
 
+
&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 1830 Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=464584&disp=Descriptions+of+census+geographic+subdiv++ film 1402857 item 1&nbsp;]<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 1840 Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=464588&disp=Descriptions+of+census+geographic+subdiv++ film 1402857 item 2]&nbsp;<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 1850 Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=464615&disp=Descriptions+of+census+geographic+subdiv++ film 1402858 item 1]&nbsp;<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 1860 Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=464619&disp=Descriptions+of+census+geographic+subdiv++ film 1402858 item 2]&nbsp;<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 1870 Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=464745&disp=Descriptions+of+census+geographic+subdiv++ film 1402859]&nbsp;<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 1880 Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=464749&disp=Census+descriptions+of+geographic+subdiv++ film 1402861]&nbsp;<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 1900 Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=59389&disp=Census+enumeration+district+descriptions++ film 1303023]&nbsp;<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 1910 Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=297379&disp=Census+descriptions+of+geographic+subdiv++ film 1374005]<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 1920 Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=622083&disp=Census+descriptions+of+geographic+subdiv++ film 1842709]<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 1930 Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=1037259&disp=Census+descriptions+of+geographic+subdiv++ film&nbsp; 2261286]
+
 
+
<br>
+
 
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*United States. Bureau of the Census. ''Cross Index to Selected City Streets and Enumeration Districts, 1910 Census'', M1283. Washington, D.C.: National Archives, [1984]. ([http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=232848&disp=Cross+index+to+selected+city+streets+and++ 51 Family History Library fiche 6331481].) Lists street addresses for Detroit on fiche 17. Lists street addresses with corresponding enumeration districts for Grand Rapids on fiche 20.
+
 
+
== Special Censuses  ==
+
 
+
'''Mortality Schedules'''
+
 
+
'''1850-1880--&nbsp;'''Mortality schedules (lists of deaths in the year before the census) exist. The schedules are available at the National Archives, the Library of Michigan, and the Michigan State Archives.
+
 
+
'''1850 United States Census Mortality Schedules'''—A free Internet index and images to the 1850 United States Census Mortality Schedules can be viewed on the [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1420441 FamilySearch Record Search - Pilot Site]. Mortality schedules provided nationwide death statistics for the twelve months&nbsp;prior to the 1850 census.&nbsp; Key genealogical facts found on the 1850 mortality&nbsp;schedule are: Name, age, sex, color, married or widowed, birthplace, month of death, occupation, cause of death.
+
 
+
'''1884, 1894--'''Mortality schedules were also taken as part of the state censuses.
+
 
+
== Territorial and State Censuses  ==
+
 
+
More than 20 early territorial censuses were taken in various areas of Michigan. Historical background and the names found in the early lists are given in:
+
 
+
*Russell, Donna Valley.''Michigan Censuses, 1710–1830''. Detroit, Michigan: Detroit Society for Genealogical Research, 1982. (Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=266465&disp=Michigan+censuses%2C+1710%2D1830%2C+unde%20%20&columns=*,0,0 book 977.4 X2r].)
+
 
+
'''1827, 1834, 1837, 1845, 1854, 1864, 1874, 1884, 1894, and 1904--'''Other territorial and state enumerations were made in these years .
+
 
+
'''1827, 1837, and 1845-- '''Indexes for the territorial and state censuses have been published. The original schedules are housed in many different local repositories. The schedules of many counties are missing.
+
 
+
'''1884, 1894--&nbsp;'''The most complete collections are for these censuses, which include detailed information on each family member.
+
 
+
To see which territorial or state censuses are available use the Family History Library Catalog.
+
 
+
Use the following book:
+
 
+
*Buckway, G. Eileen. ''U.S. State and Special Census Register''. Salt Lake City, Utah: Family History Library, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1992. (Family History Library book 973 X2be; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=614493&disp=U.S.+state+and+special+census+regist++ fiche 6104851-52].)
+
 
+
More detailed information on Michigan census records is in "Michigan Census Schedules and Records," printed in the Summer-Fall 1978 issue of ''Family Trails''.<br>
+
 
+
== Online Population Schedule Indexes and Images  ==
+
 
+
{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="100%" border="1"
+
|+ '''Online Census Population Indexes and Images Available for&nbsp;Michigan'''
+
 
|-
 
|-
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffff33" | <br>
+
| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" colspan="11" | <font size="+1">'''Online Federal Non-Population Schedules for Michigan'''</font>
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffff33" colspan="2" | '''Free'''
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffff33" colspan="2" |
+
'''Free at Some Libraries'''
+
 
+
'''(Use these links for access when at the Family History Library and some Family History Centers)'''
+
 
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffff33" colspan="2" | '''Pay'''&nbsp;
+
 
|-
 
|-
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffff33" | '''Year'''
+
| bgcolor="#ff9900" colspan="2" | <br>
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffff33" | &nbsp; '''Index'''
+
| bgcolor="#ff9966" align="center" colspan="3" | '''Free'''  
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffff33" | '''Images'''  
+
| bgcolor="#cccccc" align="center" colspan="3" | '''Free at Some Libraries''' (usually&nbsp;with&nbsp;library&nbsp;card)
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffff33" | '''Index'''
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| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" | '''Pay'''
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffff33" | '''Images'''  
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffff33" | '''Index'''
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffff33" | '''Images'''
+
 
|-
 
|-
| '''1840'''  
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| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" | '''Year'''  
|  
+
| width="10%" bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" | '''Type'''
|  
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| bgcolor="#ff9966" align="center" | '''Record Search'''
| [http://content.ancestryinstitution.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8057&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Ancestry]
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| bgcolor="#ff9966" align="center" | '''Census Bureau'''
| [http://content.ancestryinstitution.com/Browse/list.aspx?dbid=8057&path=Iowa+Territory Ancestry] [http://persi.heritagequestonline.com/hqoweb/library/do/census/browse?selection=state&year=1840&state=IA&county=&locality=&yearid=6&stateid=17 HeritageQuest]
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| bgcolor="#ff9966" align="center" | '''Google Book'''
| [http://content.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8057&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Ancestry]
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| bgcolor="#cccccc" align="center" | '''Heritage Quest'''
| [http://content.ancestry.com/Browse/list.aspx?dbid=8057&path=Iowa+Territory Ancestry]
+
| bgcolor="#cccccc" align="center" | '''Ancestry FHL'''
 +
| bgcolor="#cccccc" align="center" | '''Ancestry Library'''
 +
| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" | '''Ancestry Home'''
 
|-
 
|-
| '''1850'''  
+
| '''1890'''  
| [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#c=1401638;p=collectionDetails;t=searchable FamilySearch]
+
| width="20%" | Veterans
| [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#c=1401638;p=collectionDetails;t=searchable FamilySearch]
+
| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1417683 Link]
| [http://content.ancestryinstitution.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8054&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Ancestry]  
+
| align="center" | -
| [http://content.ancestryinstitution.com/Browse/list.aspx?dbid=8054&path=Iowa Ancestry] [http://persi.heritagequestonline.com/hqoweb/library/do/census/browse?selection=state&year=1850&state=IA&county=&locality=&yearid=7&stateid=17 HeritageQuest]  
+
| align="center" | -
| [http://content.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8054&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Ancestry]
+
| align="center" | -
| [http://content.ancestry.com/Browse/list.aspx?dbid=8054&path=Iowa Ancestry]
+
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8667&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]  
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8667&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]  
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8667&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
 
|-
 
|-
| '''1860'''  
+
| '''1880'''  
| [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1473181 FamilySearch]
+
| width="20%" | Defective
| [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1473181 FamilySearch]
+
| align="center" | -
| [http://content.ancestryinstitution.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=7667&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Ancestry] [http://persi.heritagequestonline.com/hqoweb/library/do/census/search/basic HeritageQuest] [http://www.footnote.com/documents/33169310/census_us_federal_1860/ Footnote]  
+
| align="center" | -
| [http://content.ancestryinstitution.com/Browse/list.aspx?dbid=7667&path=Iowa Ancestry] [http://persi.heritagequestonline.com/hqoweb/library/do/census/browse?selection=state&year=1860&state=IA&county=&locality=&yearid=8&stateid=17&countyid=0 HeritageQuest] [http://www.footnote.com/documents/33169310/census_us_federal_1860/ Footnote]  
+
| align="center" | -
| [http://content.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=7667&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Ancestry] [http://www.footnote.com/documents/33169310/census_us_federal_1860/ Footnote]  
+
| align="center" | -
| [http://content.ancestry.com/Browse/list.aspx?dbid=7667&path=Iowa Ancestry] [http://www.footnote.com/documents/33169310/census_us_federal_1860/ Footnote]
+
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1634 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1634 Link]  
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1634 Link]
 +
|-
 +
| '''1880'''
 +
| width="20%" | Mortality
 +
| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1417683 Link]  
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]  
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]  
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| '''1870'''  
 
| '''1870'''  
| [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1438024 FamilySearch]
+
| Mortality
| [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;c=1438024;t=browsable;w=0 FamilySearch]  
+
| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1438024 Link]  
| [http://content.ancestryinstitution.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=7163&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Ancestry] [http://persi.heritagequestonline.com/hqoweb/library/do/census/search/basic HeritageQuest]
+
| align="center" | -
| [http://content.ancestryinstitution.com/Browse/list.aspx?dbid=7163&path=Iowa Ancestry] [http://persi.heritagequestonline.com/hqoweb/library/do/census/browse?selection=state&year=1870&state=IA&county=&locality=&yearid=9&stateid=17&countyid=0 HeritageQuest]  
+
| align="center" | -
| [http://content.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=7163&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Ancestry]  
+
| align="center" | -
| [http://content.ancestry.com/Browse/list.aspx?dbid=7163&path=Iowa Ancestry]
+
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]  
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]  
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 
|-
 
|-
| '''1880'''  
+
| '''1860'''  
| [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#c=1417683;p=collectionDetails;t=searchable FamilySearch]
+
| Mortality
| <br>
+
| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1473181 Link]  
| [http://content.ancestryinstitution.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=6742&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Ancestry] [http://persi.heritagequestonline.com/hqoweb/library/do/census/search/basic HeritageQuest]  
+
| align="center" | -
| [http://content.ancestryinstitution.com/Browse/list.aspx?dbid=6742&path=Iowa Ancestry] [http://persi.heritagequestonline.com/hqoweb/library/do/census/browse?selection=state&year=1880&state=IA&county=&locality=&yearid=10&stateid=17&countyid=0 HeritageQuest]  
+
| align="center" | -
| [http://content.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=6742&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Ancestry]  
+
| align="center" | -
| [http://content.ancestry.com/Browse/list.aspx?dbid=6742&path=Iowa Ancestry]
+
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]  
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]  
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 
|-
 
|-
| align="center" | '''1900'''  
+
| '''1850'''  
| valign="middle" | [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1325221 FamilySearch]
+
| Mortality
| valign="middle" | [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;c=1325221;t=browsable;w=0 FamilySearch]  
+
| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1401638 Link]
| valign="middle" | [http://content.ancestryinstitution.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=7602&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Ancestry] [http://persi.heritagequestonline.com/hqoweb/library/do/census/search/basic HeritageQuest]  
+
| align="center" | -
| valign="middle" | [http://content.ancestryinstitution.com/Browse/list.aspx?dbid=7602&path=Iowa Ancestry] [http://persi.heritagequestonline.com/hqoweb/library/do/census/browse?selection=state&year=1900&state=IA&county=&locality=&yearid=12&stateid=17&countyid=0 HeritageQuest]  
+
| align="center" | -
| valign="middle" | [http://content.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=7602&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Ancestry]  
+
| align="center" | -
| valign="middle" | [http://content.ancestry.com/Browse/list.aspx?dbid=7602&path=Iowa Ancestry]
+
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]  
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]  
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
|-
 +
| '''1840'''
 +
| Pensioners
 +
| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1786457 Link]  
 +
| align="center" | [http://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/1840c-01.pdf BookLink]  
 +
| align="center" | [http://books.google.com/books?id=W7JYAAAAMAAJ&dq=1840+census+pensioners&printsec=frontcover&source=bl&ots=W0XUmfgahX&sig=WRyMIVwiePLwKmlxhbchJl1ZeeA&hl=en&ei=SJ0MSvSrBqOMtgf19I2FCA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=10#PPA61,M1 BookLink]  
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7678 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7678 Link]  
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7678 Link]
 +
|}
 +
 
 +
==== Microfilm images  ====
 +
 
 +
{| width="100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
 
|-
 
|-
| valign="middle" | '''1910'''
+
| {{FHL|727997|title-id|disp=World War 1 Veterans}}
| valign="middle" | <br>
+
| {{FHL|230777|title-id|disp=1890 Civil War Veterans}}
| valign="middle" | <br>
+
| {{FHL|651995|title-id|disp=1880 Mortality}}
| valign="middle" | [http://content.ancestryinstitution.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=7884&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Ancestry] [http://persi.heritagequestonline.com/hqoweb/library/do/census/search/basic HeritageQuest]
+
| valign="middle" | [http://content.ancestryinstitution.com/Browse/list.aspx?dbid=7884&path=Iowa Ancestry] [http://persi.heritagequestonline.com/hqoweb/library/do/census/browse?selection=state&year=1910&state=IA&county=&locality=&yearid=13&stateid=17&countyid=0 HeritageQuest]
+
| valign="middle" | [http://content.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=7884&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Ancestry]
+
| valign="middle" | [http://content.ancestry.com/Browse/list.aspx?dbid=7884&path=Iowa Ancestry]
+
 
|-
 
|-
| valign="middle" | '''1920'''
+
| {{FHL|408252|title-id|disp=1870 Mortality}}
| valign="middle" | &nbsp;
+
| {{FHL|343727|title-id|disp=1860 Mortality}}
| valign="middle" | <br>
+
| {{FHL|3230|title-id|disp=1850 Mortality}}
| valign="middle" | [http://content.ancestryinstitution.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=6061&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Ancestry] [http://persi.heritagequestonline.com/hqoweb/library/do/census/search/basic HeritageQuest]
+
| valign="middle" | [http://content.ancestryinstitution.com/Browse/list.aspx?dbid=6061&path=Iowa Ancestry] [http://persi.heritagequestonline.com/hqoweb/library/do/census/browse?selection=state&year=1920&state=IA&county=&locality=&yearid=14&stateid=17&countyid=0 HeritageQuest]
+
| valign="middle" | [http://content.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=6061&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Ancestry]
+
| valign="middle" | [http://content.ancestry.com/Browse/list.aspx?dbid=6061&path=Iowa Ancestry]
+
 
|-
 
|-
| valign="middle" | '''1930'''
+
| {{FHL|282860|title-id|disp=1840 Pensioners}}
| valign="middle" | <br>
+
| {{FHL|280127|title-id|disp=1820 Manufacturers}}
| valign="middle" | <br>
+
| <br>
| valign="middle" | [http://content.ancestryinstitution.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=6224&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Ancestry] [http://www.footnote.com/documents/60505077/census_us_federal_1930/ Footnote]
+
| valign="middle" | [http://content.ancestryinstitution.com/Browse/list.aspx?dbid=6224&path=Iowa Ancestry] [http://persi.heritagequestonline.com/hqoweb/library/do/census/browse?selection=state&year=1930&state=IA&county=&locality=&yearid=15&stateid=17&countyid=0 HeritageQuest] [http://www.footnote.com/documents/60505077/census_us_federal_1930/ Footnote]
+
| valign="middle" | [http://content.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=6224&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Ancestry] [http://www.footnote.com/documents/60505077/census_us_federal_1930/ Footnote]
+
| valign="middle" | [http://content.ancestry.com/Browse/list.aspx?dbid=6224&path=Iowa Ancestry]&nbsp; [http://www.footnote.com/documents/60505077/census_us_federal_1930/ Footnote]
+
 
|}
 
|}
  
'''United States Censuses 1850-1920'''—Free Internet census indexes and images to the [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#c=1401638;p=collectionDetails;t=searchable 1850], [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#c=1473181;p=collectionDetails;t=searchable 1860], [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#c=1438024;p=collectionDetails;t=searchable 1870], [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#c=1417683;p=collectionDetails;t=searchable 1880 (index only)], [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1325221 1900], and [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1488411 1920 (partial index only)] can be viewed on the [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=allCollections;r=0 FamilySearch Record Search]. These indexes show every name listed on the census, and except for 1880 and 1920, are also linked to census images including information about each person’s residence, age, birthplace, occupation, other family members, and neighbors.  
+
==== Indexes: fiche, film, or book  ====
 +
 
 +
For a list of microform and book indexes for the non-population schedules of Michigan, [[Michigan Non-Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book|click here]].
 +
 
 +
=== State, territorial, and colonial censuses  ===
 +
 
 +
Michigan took censuses in different years than the federal censuses. These censuses may have different data compared to federal censuses. Check these censuses for more information on a family.
 +
 
 +
*'''1843-1969''' Statewide annual county census of school age children.<ref name="Barnett">LeRoy Barnett, "State Censuses of Michigan: A Tragedy of Lost Treasures" and Appendices in ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1355643 Family Trails]'' [[{{BarnettL}}]] 6, no. 1 (Summer-Fall 1978): 10.</ref>
 +
*'''1935''' State special unemployment census<ref>Barnett, 13-15.</ref>
 +
*'''1934''' State special old age pension act taxable citizens census,<ref>Barnett, 12-13.</ref> coverage incomplete
 +
*'''1848-1924''' Statewide annual county census of deaf, dumb, blind, and insane.<ref>Barnett, 11.</ref>
 +
*'''1904 Lost'''<ref name="Lainh">Ann S. Lainhart, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/26517040 State Census Records]'' (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992)[[{{Lainha}}]], 62-66.</ref><ref>Barnett, 9-10.</ref>
 +
*'''1894''' State census<ref name="Lainh" /><ref>Barnett, 8-9, 21-23.</ref> Includes population, mortality, agricultural, industrial, social statistics, or veterans schedules in Allegan, Barry, Bay, Benzie, Dickinson,<ref>Eva Harmison-Arnold, "1894 State Census of Dickinson County, Michigan," ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/27721039 Detroit Society for Genealogical Research Magazine]'' [[{{DSGRM}}]] 42 (1978): 11.</ref> Emmet, Gratiot, Hillsdale,<ref>Southern Michigan Genealogical Society, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/23016967 Hillsdale County, Michigan, 1894 state census index]'' ([Michigan] : Southern Michigan Genealogical Society, 1989) [[{{SMGSHill94}}]].</ref> Ingham, Iosco, Isabella, Jackson, Kalamazoo, Kent,<ref>Evelyn M. Sawyer, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/27352752 Index to the 1894 state census, Kent County, Michigan]'' (Grand Rapids [Michigan] : Western Michigan Genealogical Society, c1992) [[{{SawyKent94}}]].</ref> Keweenaw, Lapeer, Lenawee, Livingston, Menominee, Midland, Montcalm,<ref name="SpoonerB">Betty Spooner, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/8177842 Index to the State of Michigan census for Montcalm County, Michigan, 1884, 1894]'' (Greenville, Mich. : [s.n.], 1980).</ref> Muskegon, Newaygo,<ref>Evelyn M. Sawyer, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/37765013 Index to the 1894 Newaygo County, Michigan state census]'' ([Hudsonville, Mich.] : E.M. Sawyer, 1997) [[{{SawyNewa94}}]].</ref> Ottawa, St. Clair, St. Joseph, and Washtenaw<ref>Sarah Casewell Angell Chapter National Society Daughters of the American Revolution, Ann Arbor, Michigan, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/13007952 Index of 1894 state census for Washtenaw County, Michigan]'' (Ann Arbor, Michigan : Genealogical Society of Washtenaw County, Michigan, c1984) [[{{GSWCWash94}}]].</ref> counties. For details see Barnett. Link to images of state census 1884 - 1894 http://seekingmichigan.org/discover<br>
 +
*'''1888''' Civil War veterans only<ref name="Lainh" /><ref>Barnett, 12.</ref>
 +
*'''1862-1886''' Military levy annual statewide county censuses mostly lost; a few rarely at county clerks' offices.<ref>Barnett, 12.</ref>
 +
*'''1884''' State census<ref name="Lainh" /><ref>Barnett, 6-8, 21-23.</ref> Includes population, mortality, agricultural, industrial, or social statistics schedules in Barry, Bay, Benzie, Emmet, Hillsdale, Ingham, Isabella, Jackson, Kalamazoo, Kent,<ref>Western Michigan Genealogical Society (Grand Rapids, Michigan), ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/23274798 Index to the 1884 state census of Kent County, Michigan]'' (Grand Rapids, MI : Western Michigan Genealogical Society, ©1990) [[{{WMGSKent84}}]].</ref> Keweenaw, Lake, Lapeer, Leelanau, Lenawee, Menominee, Montcalm,<ref name="SpoonerB" /> Muskegon, Newaygo,<ref>Evelyn M. Sawyer, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/37765164 Index to the 1884 Newaygo County, Michigan state census]'' ([Hudsonville, Mich.] : E.M. Sawyer, 1997) [[{{SawyNewa84}}]].</ref> Ottawa, Roscommon, St. Clair, St. Joseph, Van Buren (Paw Paw Twp.), Washtenaw, Wayne,<ref>1884 Wayne County censuses for the townships of Greenfield, Dearborn, Livonia, Huron, Ecorse, Grosse Pointe, and Hamtramck, and more are being published a few pages at a time in ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/27721039 Detroit Society for Genealogical Research Magazine]'' [[{{DSGRM}}]] starting in volume 44 to the present.</ref> and Wexford counties. For details see Barnett.<br>
 +
*'''1874''' State census<ref name="Lainh" /><ref>Barnett, 6, 21-23.</ref> Only males over 21 years by name, and females in age cagegories in population schedules for Eaton and Houton counties only. Eaton also includes agricultural and industrial schedules. For details see Barnett.
 +
*'''1864''' State census<ref name="Lainh" /><ref>Barnett, 5, 21-23.</ref> Only males over 21 years by name, and females in age cagegories in population, agricultural and industrial schedules in Clinton, Eaton, (Houghton population only), and Newaygo counties. For details see Barnett.
 +
*'''1854''' State census<ref name="Lainh" /><ref>Barnett, 4-5, 21-23.</ref> Only males over 21 years by name, and females in age cagegories in population, agricultural, and industrial schedules for Eaton County. For details see Barnett.
 +
*'''1845''' State census.<ref name="Lainh" /><ref>Barnett, 4, 21-23.</ref> Only males over 21 years by name, and females in age cagegories in Eaton, Lenawee,<ref>"Census Records of Lenawee County, Michigan Territory, 1845" (Typescript, Michigan State Library) as cited in Lainhart, 66. Includes areas now in Hillsdale County.</ref> Oakland,<ref>Mrs. Edmund H. Whitehead, "State Census of Oakland County, Michigan for the year 1845" (Typescript index, Michigan State Library, 1937) as cited in LeRoy Barnett, "State Censuses of Michigan: A Tragedy of Lost Treasurers" and Appendices in ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1355643 Family Trails]'' [[{{BarnettL}}]] 6, no. 1 (Summer-Fall 1978): 24.</ref> St. Clair,<ref>St. Clair County Family History Group (Port Huron, Michigan), ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/23223230 Index to 1845 state census of St. Clair County, Michigan : heads of families and names of white males over twenty-one]'' (Port Huron, Michigan : St. Clair County Family History Group (MI), c1990) [[{{StClair45}}]].</ref> St. Joseph,<ref>Bette Williams, "[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/13414449 1845 St. Joseph County, Michigan]" ([Kalmazoo: B. Williams, 1968]) [[{{WilliamsStJoe45}}]]. Includes index.</ref> Van Buren, and Washtenaw counties. For details see Barnett.
 +
*'''1837''' State census.<ref>Barnett, 4.</ref> Tallies only; individual names not included except in Kalamazoo County.<ref>Ruth Robbins Monteith, and Ethel W. Williams, "Michigan State Census of Kalamazoo County, 1837" ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1757360 Michigan Heritage]'' [[{{MichHeri37}}]], v.1: nos. 2, 3, 4; v.2: nos. 2, 3, 4; v.3: nos. 1, 2, 3; v.4: no. 2. Transcript of names of heads of house and ages of family members, together with annotations often giving outside place of origin.</ref>
 +
*'''1834''' Territorial census. Tallies only; individual names not included except in Crawford County (now Wisconsin),<ref name="Lainh" /><ref>Barnett, 3, 21-23.</ref> and Lenawee County.<ref>Lucy Walcott, "Census Records of Lenawee County" [1834] (Michigan State Archives, 1935) as cited in LeRoy Barnett, "State Censuses of Michigan: A Tragedy of Lost Treasurers" and Appendices in ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1355643 Family Trails]'' [[{{BarnettL}}]] 6, no. 1 (Summer-Fall 1978): 24.</ref>
 +
*'''1827''' Territorial census mostly lost. Surviving fragments for Wayne (Detroit),<ref name="Lainh" /><ref>Barnett, 3, 21-23.</ref><ref>Michigan Pioneer and Historical Society, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1757295 Michigan historical collections]'' (Publisher varies) [[{{MichHistColl}}]], 12: following page 461. Typescript census copy listing heads of house and ages of other household members.</ref><ref>Mrs. Edgar Montgomery, and Mrs. Raymond Millbrook, "Wayne County Returns from the Territorial Census of 1827," ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/27721039 Detroit Society for Genealogical Research Magazine]'' [[{{DSGRM}}]] 19, no. 2 (Winter 1955): 51-57.</ref><ref name="RussellD">Donna Valley Russell, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/9154174 Michigan Censuses 1710-1830: Under the French, British, and Americans]'' (Detroit : Detroit Society for Genealogical Research, 1982) [[{{RussMich1030}}]], 149-60. Includes index and history of each census.</ref> Monroe (Lawrence Twp.), and Washtenaw counties
 +
*'''1810''' Territorial census,<ref>Barnett, 28-29.</ref> Detroit,<ref>Eva Harmison, "An 1810 census of the District of Detroit, Territory of Michigan" ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/27721039 Detroit Society for Genealogical Research Magazine]'' [[{{DSGRM}}]] 32, no. 1 (Fall 1968): 17-23.</ref><ref>Russell, 87-99.</ref> and Michilimackinac (everything north of Saginaw Bay)<ref>"Schedule of the whole number of persons within the Division allotted to Samuel Abbott, Michilimackinac, Feb. 9, 1811" manuscript in the Abbott Family papers in the Burton Historical Collection, Detroit Public Library as cited in Barnett, 29.</ref><ref>Russell, 100.</ref>
 +
*'''1805/1806''' Territorial census, Detroit<ref name="Barnett28">Barnett, 28.</ref><ref>"Inhabitants of Detroit in the year 1806" ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/12322597 Detroit Daily Post]'' [newspaper] May 9, 1876, p. 4 as cited in Barnett, 28.</ref><ref>Russell, 83-86.</ref>
 +
*'''1796''' Colonial census, Detroit<ref name="Lainh" /><ref name="Barnett28" /><ref>"A State of the Number of Male Inhabitants From 16 to 50 Years of Age in the Town of Detroit" Original in the Winthrop Sargent Papers at the Ohio Historical Society as cited in Barnett, 28.</ref><ref>Russell, 59-74.</ref><ref>Donna Valley Stuart, "Detroit 1796 Census," ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1759226 National Genealogical Society Quarterly]'', 69 (1981): 185. [[{{NGSQbook}}]].</ref>
 +
*'''1792''' Colonial census, Petite Côte (south shore of Detroit River)<ref>Russell, 57-58.</ref><br>
 +
*'''1782''' Colonial census, Detroit,<ref name="Barnett27">Barnett, 27.</ref><ref>"A Survey of the Settlement of Detroit made by Order of Major De Peyster the 16th Day of July 1782" ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1757295 Michigan historical collections]'' (Publisher varies) [[{{MichHistColl69}}]], 10 (1908): 601-13.</ref><ref>Russell, 49, 52-56.</ref> and south shore of Detroit River<ref>Russell, 49-52.</ref>
 +
*'''1780''' Colonial census, Fort St. Joseph (now Niles)<ref name="Barnett27" /><ref>"Census of Every Woman, Child and Slave Resident of the Post of St. Joseph" ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1757295 Michigan historical collections]'' (Publisher varies) [[{{MichHistColl69}}]], 10 (1908): 406-407.</ref><ref>Russell, 47-48.</ref>
 +
*'''1779''' Colonial census, Detroit<ref name="Barnett27" /><ref>"Survey of the settlements of Detroit taken 31st March 1779" ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1757295 Michigan historical collections]'' (Publisher varies) [[{{MichHistColl69}}]], 10 (1908): 311-27.</ref><ref>Russell, 39-46.</ref>
 +
*'''1768''' Colonial census, Detroit area<ref name="Barnett27" /><ref>Ernest J. Lajeunesse, "Census of all the Inhabitants of Detroit made by Philip DeJean in the Year 1768" in ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/777608 The Windsor border region, Canada's southernmost frontier; a collection of documents]'' ([Toronto] Champlain Society, 1960), 63-64, as cited in Barnett, 27.</ref><ref>Russell, 35-38.</ref>
 +
*'''1765''' Colonial census, Detroit<ref name="Lainh" /><ref>Russell, 29-34.</ref><ref>Donna Valley Stuart, "1765 Census of Detroit, Wayne County, Michigan," ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/27721039 Detroit Society for Genealogical Research Magazine]'' [[{{DSGRM}}]] 43, (1979): 19.</ref>
 +
*'''1762''' Colonial census, Detroit<ref name="Lainh" /><ref>Russell, 19-28.</ref><ref>Donna Valley Stuart, "Detroit 1762 Census," ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1759226 National Genealogical Society Quarterly]'', 68 (1980): 15. [[{{NGSQbook}}]].</ref>
 +
*'''1750''' Colonial census, Detroit area<ref name="Barnett27" /><ref>Ernest J. Lajeunesse, "Census of the Inhabitants of Detroit on September 1st, 1750" in ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/777608 The Windsor border region, Canada's southernmost frontier; a collection of documents]'' ([Toronto] Champlain Society, 1960), 54-56, as cited in Barnett, 27.</ref><ref>Russell, 15-18.</ref>
 +
*'''1743''' Colonial census, Huron Indian Mission of the Assumption (south shore of Detroit River)<ref>Russell, 13-14.</ref>
 +
*'''1710''' Colonial census, Detroit<ref name="Barnett27" /><ref>C.M. Burton, "Census of Detroit de Pontchartrain in the Year 1710" ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1757295 Michigan historical collections]'' (Publisher varies) [[{{MichHistColl80}}]], 33 (1903): 492-94. Includes extensive biographical annotations.</ref><ref>Russell, 3-12.</ref>
 +
 
 +
Most state, territorial, and colonial censuses are at the Michigan State Archives. Further archives cited in Barnett, pages 21-23.
 +
 
 +
=== Existing and lost censuses  ===
 +
 
 +
For a list of available and missing Michigan censuses, [[Michigan Censuses Existing and Lost|click here]]. <br>
  
[http://www.ancestry.com/search/rectype/default.aspx?rt=35 Ancestry] ($), a subscription Internet site, has indexes and images to all available federal census population, veterans, slave, and mortality schedules from 1790 to 1930. Ancestry provides a few of their indexes free to the public, such as all mortality schedule indexes, Alabama state census indexes for 1820, 1850, 1855, 1866, and the 1880 federal index.<br>
+
=== Why use a census?  ===
  
[http://persi.heritagequestonline.com/hqoweb/library/do/census/browse HeritageQuest], an Internet service available at selected libraries, has images to all available federal census population and slave schedules from 1790 to 1930, and indexes to some but not all.  
+
A well-indexed census is one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor's family lived and when they lived there. You can also use censuses to follow the changes in a family over time, and identify neighbors. These and other clues provided by censuses are important because they help find additional kinds of records about the family.  
  
[http://www.footnote.com/institution-index.php Footnote] ($), a subscription Internet site has indexes and images to the 1860 and 1930 censuses for some states
+
=== More about censuses ===
  
[http://www.census-online.com/links/MI/ Census Online]
+
[[United States Census|Click here]] for additional details about how to use censuses, such as:
  
[http://dir.genealogytoday.com/usa/mi/census.html Genealogy Today]  
+
:*[[United States Census Searching|index searching tips]]
 +
:*[[United States Census Analyzing Census Data|analyzing and using what you find]]
 +
:*[[United States Census Accuracy|census accuracy]]
 +
:*[[United States Census Historical Background|historical background]]
 +
:*[[United States Census#Contents_of_Federal_Censuses|contents of various census years and types]]
  
[http://www.accessgenealogy.com/census/michigan.htm Access Genealogy]
+
'''A wiki article describing an online collection is found at:'''
  
[http://www.archives.gov/ National Archives]
+
[[Michigan 1894 State Census (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Michigan 1894 Census (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]  
  
== References<br>  ==
+
{{Template:Pros-MI}}
  
*''[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/search/RG/frameset_rg.asp?Dest=G1&Aid=&Gid=&Lid=&Sid=&Did=&Juris1=&Event=&Year=&Gloss=&Sub=&Tab=&Entry=&Guide=Michigan.ASP Michigan Research Outline].'' Salt Lake City, Utah: Intellectual Reserve, Inc., Family History Department, 1998, 2006.
+
=== Sources and footnotes  ===
*1880 Census Index CD Manuel
+
<div style="padding-left: 10px">
 +
{{reflist}}
 +
</div>
 +
{{Michigan|Michigan}} {{USCensus}}
  
[[Category:Michigan]]
+
[[Category:Michigan|Census]] [[Category:Census_by_State|{{PAGENAME}}]]

Latest revision as of 01:45, 28 November 2012

United States  go to  U.S. Census  go to  Michigan  go to  Census

Contents

Tips
  • If at first you don't find a name, try again under another spelling.
  • Photocopy each ancestor's census. Identify where you found it.
  • Look for an ancestor in every census during her or his lifetime.
  • On the family group record show each person's census listings.
  • Study others in the same household, neighbors, and anyone with the similar names nearby on the census in community context.


  • For a list of the exact date of each federal census, click here.

Online Michigan indexes and images

Online Federal and State Population Schedules of Michigan 
  Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card)* Pay
Family
Search[1]
Internet Archive[2]  Misc.  Heritage Quest[3] Fold3[4] Ancestry FHL[5] Ancestry Library[5] Ancestry Home[5] Archives[6] Family Link[7]
1940 indexes Link - Link
Link
- - Link Link Link - -
images Link - Link
Link
Link
- - Link Link Link Link Link
1930 indexes Link - - - Link Link Link Link Link Link
images Link Link - Link Link Link Link Link - Link
1920 indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1910 indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1900 indexes Link Soundex - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1894 State indexes - - - - - Link Link Link - -
images - - - - - - - - - -
partial 1880 indexes Link Soundex - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images - Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1870 indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1860 indexes Link - - Link Link Link Link Link Link Link
images - Link - Link Link Link Link Link - Link
1850 indexes Link - - - - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1845 State indexes - - - - - Link Link Link - -
images - - - - - - - - - -
1840 indexes Link - - - - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1837[8] County  indexes - - - - - Link  Link  Link - -
images - - - - - - - - - -
1834[9] Territory indexes - - - - - Link Link Link - -
images - - - - - - - - - -
1830[10] Territory indexes Link - - - - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link Tran-
script
Link - Link Link Link - Link
1827 Territory  indexes - - - - - Link Link Link - -
images - - - - - - - - - -
1820 Territory indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link Tran-
script
Link - Link Link Link - Link
  Family Search Internet Archive Misc.  Heritage Quest Fold3 Ancestry FHL  Ancestry Library  Ancestry Home Archives Family Link
Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card) Pay



1884 - 1894 State Census Images (http://seekingmichigan.org/discover)

Federal population schedules

Microfilm images

Federal Census Microfilms Available from the Family History Library
1940 N/A    1910 and Soundex 1870            1840  
1930  1900 and Soundex 1860    1830  
1920 and Soundex            1880 and Soundex 1850 1820  
 
  1810  


Federal Census Microfilms Available from the National Archives
1940 N/A 1910 T624  Soundex T1268 1870 M593         1840 M704
1930 T626 1900 T623   Soundex T1052 1860 M653 1830 M19
1920 T625  Soundex M1568 1880 T9  Soundex T755 1850 M432 1820 M33
     
 

Indexes: fiche, film, or book

For a list of microform and book indexes for the population schedules of Michigan, click here

Federal non-population schedules

Online indexes and images

Online Federal Non-Population Schedules for Michigan

Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with library card) Pay
Year Type Record Search Census Bureau Google Book Heritage Quest Ancestry FHL Ancestry Library Ancestry Home
1890 Veterans Link - - - Link Link Link
1880 Defective - - - - Link Link Link
1880 Mortality Link - - - Link Link Link
1870 Mortality Link - - - Link Link Link
1860 Mortality Link - - - Link Link Link
1850 Mortality Link - - - Link Link Link
1840 Pensioners Link BookLink BookLink - Link Link Link

Microfilm images

World War 1 Veterans 1890 Civil War Veterans 1880 Mortality
1870 Mortality 1860 Mortality 1850 Mortality
1840 Pensioners 1820 Manufacturers

Indexes: fiche, film, or book

For a list of microform and book indexes for the non-population schedules of Michigan, click here.

State, territorial, and colonial censuses

Michigan took censuses in different years than the federal censuses. These censuses may have different data compared to federal censuses. Check these censuses for more information on a family.

  • 1843-1969 Statewide annual county census of school age children.[11]
  • 1935 State special unemployment census[12]
  • 1934 State special old age pension act taxable citizens census,[13] coverage incomplete
  • 1848-1924 Statewide annual county census of deaf, dumb, blind, and insane.[14]
  • 1904 Lost[15][16]
  • 1894 State census[15][17] Includes population, mortality, agricultural, industrial, social statistics, or veterans schedules in Allegan, Barry, Bay, Benzie, Dickinson,[18] Emmet, Gratiot, Hillsdale,[19] Ingham, Iosco, Isabella, Jackson, Kalamazoo, Kent,[20] Keweenaw, Lapeer, Lenawee, Livingston, Menominee, Midland, Montcalm,[21] Muskegon, Newaygo,[22] Ottawa, St. Clair, St. Joseph, and Washtenaw[23] counties. For details see Barnett. Link to images of state census 1884 - 1894 http://seekingmichigan.org/discover
  • 1888 Civil War veterans only[15][24]
  • 1862-1886 Military levy annual statewide county censuses mostly lost; a few rarely at county clerks' offices.[25]
  • 1884 State census[15][26] Includes population, mortality, agricultural, industrial, or social statistics schedules in Barry, Bay, Benzie, Emmet, Hillsdale, Ingham, Isabella, Jackson, Kalamazoo, Kent,[27] Keweenaw, Lake, Lapeer, Leelanau, Lenawee, Menominee, Montcalm,[21] Muskegon, Newaygo,[28] Ottawa, Roscommon, St. Clair, St. Joseph, Van Buren (Paw Paw Twp.), Washtenaw, Wayne,[29] and Wexford counties. For details see Barnett.
  • 1874 State census[15][30] Only males over 21 years by name, and females in age cagegories in population schedules for Eaton and Houton counties only. Eaton also includes agricultural and industrial schedules. For details see Barnett.
  • 1864 State census[15][31] Only males over 21 years by name, and females in age cagegories in population, agricultural and industrial schedules in Clinton, Eaton, (Houghton population only), and Newaygo counties. For details see Barnett.
  • 1854 State census[15][32] Only males over 21 years by name, and females in age cagegories in population, agricultural, and industrial schedules for Eaton County. For details see Barnett.
  • 1845 State census.[15][33] Only males over 21 years by name, and females in age cagegories in Eaton, Lenawee,[34] Oakland,[35] St. Clair,[36] St. Joseph,[37] Van Buren, and Washtenaw counties. For details see Barnett.
  • 1837 State census.[38] Tallies only; individual names not included except in Kalamazoo County.[39]
  • 1834 Territorial census. Tallies only; individual names not included except in Crawford County (now Wisconsin),[15][40] and Lenawee County.[41]
  • 1827 Territorial census mostly lost. Surviving fragments for Wayne (Detroit),[15][42][43][44][45] Monroe (Lawrence Twp.), and Washtenaw counties
  • 1810 Territorial census,[46] Detroit,[47][48] and Michilimackinac (everything north of Saginaw Bay)[49][50]
  • 1805/1806 Territorial census, Detroit[51][52][53]
  • 1796 Colonial census, Detroit[15][51][54][55][56]
  • 1792 Colonial census, Petite Côte (south shore of Detroit River)[57]
  • 1782 Colonial census, Detroit,[58][59][60] and south shore of Detroit River[61]
  • 1780 Colonial census, Fort St. Joseph (now Niles)[58][62][63]
  • 1779 Colonial census, Detroit[58][64][65]
  • 1768 Colonial census, Detroit area[58][66][67]
  • 1765 Colonial census, Detroit[15][68][69]
  • 1762 Colonial census, Detroit[15][70][71]
  • 1750 Colonial census, Detroit area[58][72][73]
  • 1743 Colonial census, Huron Indian Mission of the Assumption (south shore of Detroit River)[74]
  • 1710 Colonial census, Detroit[58][75][76]

Most state, territorial, and colonial censuses are at the Michigan State Archives. Further archives cited in Barnett, pages 21-23.

Existing and lost censuses

For a list of available and missing Michigan censuses, click here.

Why use a census?

A well-indexed census is one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor's family lived and when they lived there. You can also use censuses to follow the changes in a family over time, and identify neighbors. These and other clues provided by censuses are important because they help find additional kinds of records about the family.

More about censuses

Click here for additional details about how to use censuses, such as:

A wiki article describing an online collection is found at:

Michigan 1894 Census (FamilySearch Historical Records)


Sources and footnotes

  1. FamilySearch, a free online service of the Family History Library, including free images of many federal censuses, including an index of the 1880 federal census of the United States; connected with 1880 census images provided by Ancestry.com, a subscription site.
  2. Internet Archive, a free online service includes free images of most of the federal censuses.
  3. HeritageQuest has arranged with many subscribing public libraries in the United States to allow users free access on home computers by means of their personal library card numbers. HeritageQuest provides images of all surviving 1790 to 1930 federal censuses, and indexes to many but not all of them.
  4. Fold3, formerly known as Footnote.com, a subscription site partnering with the National Archives and includes some federal censuses. Free access is available at many public libraries.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Ancestry.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving federal and many state census records, among other sources. They have three online editions: (1) an FHL edition free only at the Family History Library and a few Family History Centers, (2) a slightly smaller Library edition free only at some public libraries, and (3) a Home edition subscription service for individuals.
  6. Archives.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving federal census records, among other sources.
  7. FamilyLink.com, a subscription site that provides online images (and some indexes) to all surviving federal and many state census records, among other sources.
  8. This 1837 Michigan Territorial census index only includes Kalamazoo County, Michigan.
  9. The 1834 Michigan Territorial census also encompassed the land that is now known as Wisconsin. The counties of this western area of the territory were Brown, Crawford and Iowa.
  10. The 1830 federal census of Michigan Territory included parts of present-day northeastern Minnesota.
  11. LeRoy Barnett, "State Censuses of Michigan: A Tragedy of Lost Treasures" and Appendices in Family Trails [FHL Book 977.4 D25f] 6, no. 1 (Summer-Fall 1978): 10.
  12. Barnett, 13-15.
  13. Barnett, 12-13.
  14. Barnett, 11.
  15. 15.00 15.01 15.02 15.03 15.04 15.05 15.06 15.07 15.08 15.09 15.10 15.11 15.12 Ann S. Lainhart, State Census Records (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992)[[FHL book 973 X2Lai]], 62-66.
  16. Barnett, 9-10.
  17. Barnett, 8-9, 21-23.
  18. Eva Harmison-Arnold, "1894 State Census of Dickinson County, Michigan," Detroit Society for Genealogical Research Magazine [FHL Book 977.4 C4de] 42 (1978): 11.
  19. Southern Michigan Genealogical Society, Hillsdale County, Michigan, 1894 state census index ([Michigan] : Southern Michigan Genealogical Society, 1989) [FHL Book 977.429 X2hi; Fiche 6067455].
  20. Evelyn M. Sawyer, Index to the 1894 state census, Kent County, Michigan (Grand Rapids [Michigan] : Western Michigan Genealogical Society, c1992) [FHL Book 977.455 X22i 1894].
  21. 21.0 21.1 Betty Spooner, Index to the State of Michigan census for Montcalm County, Michigan, 1884, 1894 (Greenville, Mich. : [s.n.], 1980).
  22. Evelyn M. Sawyer, Index to the 1894 Newaygo County, Michigan state census ([Hudsonville, Mich.] : E.M. Sawyer, 1997) [FHL Book 977.458 X22s 1894].
  23. Sarah Casewell Angell Chapter National Society Daughters of the American Revolution, Ann Arbor, Michigan, Index of 1894 state census for Washtenaw County, Michigan (Ann Arbor, Michigan : Genealogical Society of Washtenaw County, Michigan, c1984) [FHL Book 977.435 X22i].
  24. Barnett, 12.
  25. Barnett, 12.
  26. Barnett, 6-8, 21-23.
  27. Western Michigan Genealogical Society (Grand Rapids, Michigan), Index to the 1884 state census of Kent County, Michigan (Grand Rapids, MI : Western Michigan Genealogical Society, ©1990) [FHL Book 977.455 X22i 1884].
  28. Evelyn M. Sawyer, Index to the 1884 Newaygo County, Michigan state census ([Hudsonville, Mich.] : E.M. Sawyer, 1997) [FHL Book 977.458 X22s 1884].
  29. 1884 Wayne County censuses for the townships of Greenfield, Dearborn, Livonia, Huron, Ecorse, Grosse Pointe, and Hamtramck, and more are being published a few pages at a time in Detroit Society for Genealogical Research Magazine [FHL Book 977.4 C4de] starting in volume 44 to the present.
  30. Barnett, 6, 21-23.
  31. Barnett, 5, 21-23.
  32. Barnett, 4-5, 21-23.
  33. Barnett, 4, 21-23.
  34. "Census Records of Lenawee County, Michigan Territory, 1845" (Typescript, Michigan State Library) as cited in Lainhart, 66. Includes areas now in Hillsdale County.
  35. Mrs. Edmund H. Whitehead, "State Census of Oakland County, Michigan for the year 1845" (Typescript index, Michigan State Library, 1937) as cited in LeRoy Barnett, "State Censuses of Michigan: A Tragedy of Lost Treasurers" and Appendices in Family Trails [FHL Book 977.4 D25f] 6, no. 1 (Summer-Fall 1978): 24.
  36. St. Clair County Family History Group (Port Huron, Michigan), Index to 1845 state census of St. Clair County, Michigan : heads of families and names of white males over twenty-one (Port Huron, Michigan : St. Clair County Family History Group (MI), c1990) [FHL Book 977.441 X22i 1845 index; Film 1425030 Item 18].
  37. Bette Williams, "1845 St. Joseph County, Michigan" ([Kalmazoo: B. Williams, 1968]) [FHL Book 977.419 X2p; Film 927440]. Includes index.
  38. Barnett, 4.
  39. Ruth Robbins Monteith, and Ethel W. Williams, "Michigan State Census of Kalamazoo County, 1837" Michigan Heritage [FHL Book 977.4 B2mh; Film 824236-37], v.1: nos. 2, 3, 4; v.2: nos. 2, 3, 4; v.3: nos. 1, 2, 3; v.4: no. 2. Transcript of names of heads of house and ages of family members, together with annotations often giving outside place of origin.
  40. Barnett, 3, 21-23.
  41. Lucy Walcott, "Census Records of Lenawee County" [1834] (Michigan State Archives, 1935) as cited in LeRoy Barnett, "State Censuses of Michigan: A Tragedy of Lost Treasurers" and Appendices in Family Trails [FHL Book 977.4 D25f] 6, no. 1 (Summer-Fall 1978): 24.
  42. Barnett, 3, 21-23.
  43. Michigan Pioneer and Historical Society, Michigan historical collections (Publisher varies) [FHL Film 844870], 12: following page 461. Typescript census copy listing heads of house and ages of other household members.
  44. Mrs. Edgar Montgomery, and Mrs. Raymond Millbrook, "Wayne County Returns from the Territorial Census of 1827," Detroit Society for Genealogical Research Magazine [FHL Book 977.4 C4de] 19, no. 2 (Winter 1955): 51-57.
  45. Donna Valley Russell, Michigan Censuses 1710-1830: Under the French, British, and Americans (Detroit : Detroit Society for Genealogical Research, 1982) [FHL Book 977.4 X2r], 149-60. Includes index and history of each census.
  46. Barnett, 28-29.
  47. Eva Harmison, "An 1810 census of the District of Detroit, Territory of Michigan" Detroit Society for Genealogical Research Magazine [FHL Book 977.4 C4de] 32, no. 1 (Fall 1968): 17-23.
  48. Russell, 87-99.
  49. "Schedule of the whole number of persons within the Division allotted to Samuel Abbott, Michilimackinac, Feb. 9, 1811" manuscript in the Abbott Family papers in the Burton Historical Collection, Detroit Public Library as cited in Barnett, 29.
  50. Russell, 100.
  51. 51.0 51.1 Barnett, 28.
  52. "Inhabitants of Detroit in the year 1806" Detroit Daily Post [newspaper] May 9, 1876, p. 4 as cited in Barnett, 28.
  53. Russell, 83-86.
  54. "A State of the Number of Male Inhabitants From 16 to 50 Years of Age in the Town of Detroit" Original in the Winthrop Sargent Papers at the Ohio Historical Society as cited in Barnett, 28.
  55. Russell, 59-74.
  56. Donna Valley Stuart, "Detroit 1796 Census," National Genealogical Society Quarterly, 69 (1981): 185. [FHL Book 973 B2ng].
  57. Russell, 57-58.
  58. 58.0 58.1 58.2 58.3 58.4 58.5 Barnett, 27.
  59. "A Survey of the Settlement of Detroit made by Order of Major De Peyster the 16th Day of July 1782" Michigan historical collections (Publisher varies) [FHL Film 844869], 10 (1908): 601-13.
  60. Russell, 49, 52-56.
  61. Russell, 49-52.
  62. "Census of Every Woman, Child and Slave Resident of the Post of St. Joseph" Michigan historical collections (Publisher varies) [FHL Film 844869], 10 (1908): 406-407.
  63. Russell, 47-48.
  64. "Survey of the settlements of Detroit taken 31st March 1779" Michigan historical collections (Publisher varies) [FHL Film 844869], 10 (1908): 311-27.
  65. Russell, 39-46.
  66. Ernest J. Lajeunesse, "Census of all the Inhabitants of Detroit made by Philip DeJean in the Year 1768" in The Windsor border region, Canada's southernmost frontier; a collection of documents ([Toronto] Champlain Society, 1960), 63-64, as cited in Barnett, 27.
  67. Russell, 35-38.
  68. Russell, 29-34.
  69. Donna Valley Stuart, "1765 Census of Detroit, Wayne County, Michigan," Detroit Society for Genealogical Research Magazine [FHL Book 977.4 C4de] 43, (1979): 19.
  70. Russell, 19-28.
  71. Donna Valley Stuart, "Detroit 1762 Census," National Genealogical Society Quarterly, 68 (1980): 15. [FHL Book 973 B2ng].
  72. Ernest J. Lajeunesse, "Census of the Inhabitants of Detroit on September 1st, 1750" in The Windsor border region, Canada's southernmost frontier; a collection of documents ([Toronto] Champlain Society, 1960), 54-56, as cited in Barnett, 27.
  73. Russell, 15-18.
  74. Russell, 13-14.
  75. C.M. Burton, "Census of Detroit de Pontchartrain in the Year 1710" Michigan historical collections (Publisher varies) [FHL Film 844880], 33 (1903): 492-94. Includes extensive biographical annotations.
  76. Russell, 3-12.

 

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