Michigan Census

From FamilySearch Wiki

(Difference between revisions)
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More detailed information on Michigan census records is in "Michigan Census Schedules and Records," printed in the Summer-Fall 1978 issue of ''Family Trails''.<br>  
 
More detailed information on Michigan census records is in "Michigan Census Schedules and Records," printed in the Summer-Fall 1978 issue of ''Family Trails''.<br>  
  
== Web Sites ==
+
== Online Population Schedule Indexes and Images ==
  
Ancestry: http://www.ancestry.com
+
{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="100%" border="1"
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|+ '''Online Census Population Indexes and Images Available for&nbsp;Michigan'''
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|-
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ffff33" | <br>
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ffff33" colspan="2" | '''Free'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ffff33" colspan="2" |
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'''Free at Some Libraries'''
  
Heritage Quest Online: http://www.heritagequestonline.com
+
'''(Use these links for access when at the Family History Library and some Family History Centers)'''
  
Census Online: http://www.census-online.com/links/MI/  
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffff33" colspan="2" | '''Pay'''&nbsp;
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|-
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ffff33" | '''Year'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ffff33" | &nbsp; '''Index'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ffff33" | '''Images'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ffff33" | '''Index'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ffff33" | '''Images'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ffff33" | '''Index'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ffff33" | '''Images'''
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|-
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| '''1840'''
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|
 +
|
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| [http://content.ancestryinstitution.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8057&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Ancestry]
 +
| [http://content.ancestryinstitution.com/Browse/list.aspx?dbid=8057&path=Iowa+Territory Ancestry] [http://persi.heritagequestonline.com/hqoweb/library/do/census/browse?selection=state&year=1840&state=IA&county=&locality=&yearid=6&stateid=17 HeritageQuest]
 +
| [http://content.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8057&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Ancestry]
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| [http://content.ancestry.com/Browse/list.aspx?dbid=8057&path=Iowa+Territory Ancestry]
 +
|-
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| '''1850'''
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| [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#c=1401638;p=collectionDetails;t=searchable FamilySearch]
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| [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#c=1401638;p=collectionDetails;t=searchable FamilySearch]
 +
| [http://content.ancestryinstitution.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8054&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Ancestry]
 +
| [http://content.ancestryinstitution.com/Browse/list.aspx?dbid=8054&path=Iowa Ancestry] [http://persi.heritagequestonline.com/hqoweb/library/do/census/browse?selection=state&year=1850&state=IA&county=&locality=&yearid=7&stateid=17 HeritageQuest]
 +
| [http://content.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8054&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Ancestry]
 +
| [http://content.ancestry.com/Browse/list.aspx?dbid=8054&path=Iowa Ancestry]
 +
|-
 +
| '''1860'''
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| [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1473181 FamilySearch]
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| [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1473181 FamilySearch]
 +
| [http://content.ancestryinstitution.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=7667&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Ancestry] [http://persi.heritagequestonline.com/hqoweb/library/do/census/search/basic HeritageQuest] [http://www.footnote.com/documents/33169310/census_us_federal_1860/ Footnote]
 +
| [http://content.ancestryinstitution.com/Browse/list.aspx?dbid=7667&path=Iowa Ancestry] [http://persi.heritagequestonline.com/hqoweb/library/do/census/browse?selection=state&year=1860&state=IA&county=&locality=&yearid=8&stateid=17&countyid=0 HeritageQuest] [http://www.footnote.com/documents/33169310/census_us_federal_1860/ Footnote]
 +
| [http://content.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=7667&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Ancestry] [http://www.footnote.com/documents/33169310/census_us_federal_1860/ Footnote]
 +
| [http://content.ancestry.com/Browse/list.aspx?dbid=7667&path=Iowa Ancestry] [http://www.footnote.com/documents/33169310/census_us_federal_1860/ Footnote]
 +
|-
 +
| '''1870'''
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| [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1438024 FamilySearch]
 +
| [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;c=1438024;t=browsable;w=0 FamilySearch]
 +
| [http://content.ancestryinstitution.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=7163&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Ancestry] [http://persi.heritagequestonline.com/hqoweb/library/do/census/search/basic HeritageQuest]
 +
| [http://content.ancestryinstitution.com/Browse/list.aspx?dbid=7163&path=Iowa Ancestry] [http://persi.heritagequestonline.com/hqoweb/library/do/census/browse?selection=state&year=1870&state=IA&county=&locality=&yearid=9&stateid=17&countyid=0 HeritageQuest]
 +
| [http://content.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=7163&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Ancestry]
 +
| [http://content.ancestry.com/Browse/list.aspx?dbid=7163&path=Iowa Ancestry]
 +
|-
 +
| '''1880'''
 +
| [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#c=1417683;p=collectionDetails;t=searchable FamilySearch]
 +
| <br>
 +
| [http://content.ancestryinstitution.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=6742&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Ancestry] [http://persi.heritagequestonline.com/hqoweb/library/do/census/search/basic HeritageQuest]
 +
| [http://content.ancestryinstitution.com/Browse/list.aspx?dbid=6742&path=Iowa Ancestry] [http://persi.heritagequestonline.com/hqoweb/library/do/census/browse?selection=state&year=1880&state=IA&county=&locality=&yearid=10&stateid=17&countyid=0 HeritageQuest]
 +
| [http://content.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=6742&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Ancestry]
 +
| [http://content.ancestry.com/Browse/list.aspx?dbid=6742&path=Iowa Ancestry]
 +
|-
 +
| align="center" | '''1900'''
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| valign="middle" | [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1325221 FamilySearch]
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| valign="middle" | [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;c=1325221;t=browsable;w=0 FamilySearch]
 +
| valign="middle" | [http://content.ancestryinstitution.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=7602&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Ancestry] [http://persi.heritagequestonline.com/hqoweb/library/do/census/search/basic HeritageQuest]
 +
| valign="middle" | [http://content.ancestryinstitution.com/Browse/list.aspx?dbid=7602&path=Iowa Ancestry] [http://persi.heritagequestonline.com/hqoweb/library/do/census/browse?selection=state&year=1900&state=IA&county=&locality=&yearid=12&stateid=17&countyid=0 HeritageQuest]
 +
| valign="middle" | [http://content.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=7602&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Ancestry]
 +
| valign="middle" | [http://content.ancestry.com/Browse/list.aspx?dbid=7602&path=Iowa Ancestry]
 +
|-
 +
| valign="middle" | '''1910'''
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| valign="middle" | <br>
 +
| valign="middle" | <br>
 +
| valign="middle" | [http://content.ancestryinstitution.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=7884&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Ancestry] [http://persi.heritagequestonline.com/hqoweb/library/do/census/search/basic HeritageQuest]
 +
| valign="middle" | [http://content.ancestryinstitution.com/Browse/list.aspx?dbid=7884&path=Iowa Ancestry] [http://persi.heritagequestonline.com/hqoweb/library/do/census/browse?selection=state&year=1910&state=IA&county=&locality=&yearid=13&stateid=17&countyid=0 HeritageQuest]
 +
| valign="middle" | [http://content.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=7884&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Ancestry]
 +
| valign="middle" | [http://content.ancestry.com/Browse/list.aspx?dbid=7884&path=Iowa Ancestry]
 +
|-
 +
| valign="middle" | '''1920'''
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| valign="middle" | &nbsp;
 +
| valign="middle" | <br>
 +
| valign="middle" | [http://content.ancestryinstitution.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=6061&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Ancestry] [http://persi.heritagequestonline.com/hqoweb/library/do/census/search/basic HeritageQuest]
 +
| valign="middle" | [http://content.ancestryinstitution.com/Browse/list.aspx?dbid=6061&path=Iowa Ancestry] [http://persi.heritagequestonline.com/hqoweb/library/do/census/browse?selection=state&year=1920&state=IA&county=&locality=&yearid=14&stateid=17&countyid=0 HeritageQuest]
 +
| valign="middle" | [http://content.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=6061&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Ancestry]
 +
| valign="middle" | [http://content.ancestry.com/Browse/list.aspx?dbid=6061&path=Iowa Ancestry]
 +
|-
 +
| valign="middle" | '''1930'''
 +
| valign="middle" | <br>
 +
| valign="middle" | <br>
 +
| valign="middle" | [http://content.ancestryinstitution.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=6224&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Ancestry] [http://www.footnote.com/documents/60505077/census_us_federal_1930/ Footnote]
 +
| valign="middle" | [http://content.ancestryinstitution.com/Browse/list.aspx?dbid=6224&path=Iowa Ancestry] [http://persi.heritagequestonline.com/hqoweb/library/do/census/browse?selection=state&year=1930&state=IA&county=&locality=&yearid=15&stateid=17&countyid=0 HeritageQuest] [http://www.footnote.com/documents/60505077/census_us_federal_1930/ Footnote]
 +
| valign="middle" | [http://content.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=6224&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Ancestry] [http://www.footnote.com/documents/60505077/census_us_federal_1930/ Footnote]
 +
| valign="middle" | [http://content.ancestry.com/Browse/list.aspx?dbid=6224&path=Iowa Ancestry]&nbsp; [http://www.footnote.com/documents/60505077/census_us_federal_1930/ Footnote]
 +
|}
  
Genealogy Today: http://dir.genealogytoday.com/usa/mi/census.html  
+
'''United States Censuses 1850-1920'''—Free Internet census indexes and images to the [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#c=1401638;p=collectionDetails;t=searchable 1850], [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#c=1473181;p=collectionDetails;t=searchable 1860], [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#c=1438024;p=collectionDetails;t=searchable 1870], [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#c=1417683;p=collectionDetails;t=searchable 1880 (index only)], [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1325221 1900], and [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1488411 1920 (partial index only)] can be viewed on the [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=allCollections;r=0 FamilySearch Record Search]. These indexes show every name listed on the census, and except for 1880 and 1920, are also linked to census images including information about each person’s residence, age, birthplace, occupation, other family members, and neighbors.
  
Access Genealogy: http://www.accessgenealogy.com/census/michigan.htm
+
[http://www.ancestry.com/search/rectype/default.aspx?rt=35 Ancestry] ($), a subscription Internet site, has indexes and images to all available federal census population, veterans, slave, and mortality schedules from 1790 to 1930. Ancestry provides a few of their indexes free to the public, such as all mortality schedule indexes, Alabama state census indexes for 1820, 1850, 1855, 1866, and the 1880 federal index.<br>
  
National Archives: http://www.archives.gov/  
+
[http://persi.heritagequestonline.com/hqoweb/library/do/census/browse HeritageQuest], an Internet service available at selected libraries, has images to all available federal census population and slave schedules from 1790 to 1930, and indexes to some but not all.
 +
 
 +
[http://www.footnote.com/institution-index.php Footnote] ($), a subscription Internet site has indexes and images to the 1860 and 1930 censuses for some states
 +
 
 +
[http://www.census-online.com/links/MI/ Census Online]
 +
 
 +
[http://dir.genealogytoday.com/usa/mi/census.html Genealogy Today]
 +
 
 +
[http://www.accessgenealogy.com/census/michigan.htm Access Genealogy]
 +
 
 +
[http://www.archives.gov/ National Archives]
  
 
== References<br>  ==
 
== References<br>  ==

Revision as of 01:56, 5 June 2009

United States  >  U.S. Census  >  Michigan  >  Michigan Census

Contents

Available and Lost Census Schedules

MICHIGAN:  Existing and Lost Federal Census Schedules
  Population Schedules Vets Slave Mortal Agricu Indust Defect
1810 Aug 6 Lost except for fragments for Detroit and Michilimackinac            
1820 Aug 7 Exist for all counties         Exist  
1830 Jun 1 Exist for all counties            
1840 Jun 1 Exist for all counties Exist          
1850 Jun 1 Exist for all counties     Exist Exist Exist  
1860 Jun 1 Exist for all counties     Exist Exist Exist  
1870 Jun 1 Exist for all counties     Exist Exist Exist  
1880 Jun 1 Exist for all counties     Exist Exist Exist  
1890 Jun 2 Federal population schedules lost for all counties Exist          
1900 Jun 1 Exist for all counties            
1910 Apr 15 Exist for all counties            
1920 Jan 1 Exist for all counties            
1930 Apr 1 Exist for all counties            

The 1820 and 1830 censuses include present-day Wisconsin.

1820-1930--The Family History Library has the U.S. federal censuses of Michigan.

1810-- The census was destroyed except for fragments for Detroit and Michilimackinac.

1850 United States Census—A free Internet index and images to the 1850 United States Census can be viewed on the FamilySearch Record Search – Pilot Site. This index includes every name listed on the census and is linked to an image including information about each person’s residence and age in 1850, birthplace, occupation, other family members, and neighbors.

1860 United States Census—A free Internet index and images to the 1860 United States Census can be viewed on the FamilySearch Record Search – Pilot Site. This index includes every name listed on the census and is linked to an image including information about each person’s residence and age in 1860, birthplace, occupation, other family members, whether married or single, and neighbors.

1870 United States Census---A free internet index and images can be viewed on FamilySearch Record Pilot site. This index includes the full name, age, sex, race, birthplace, occupation, month if born in census year, month if married in census year, birth place of father and mother, if born in a foreign country.

1880 United States Census– A Free Internet Index and Images to the US Census can be viewed on the Family Search Record Pilot – Pilot Site. This index includes an every name index to population schedules listing inhabitants. It includes the full name, race, sex, age, birth month (if born during the previous year), relationship to head of household, whether married, single or divorced, whether married during the previous year, country or state of birth of each person and his parent’s, occupation and street address and house number.

1890-- The census was also destroyed, but the 1890 list of Union veterans still exists and has been indexed.

1900 Federal Census - A free Internet index and images to the 1900 United States Census can be viewed on the  FamilySearch Record Search – Pilot Site. Important additions to this census are month and year of birth of each household member, number of years married for each married person, number of children born to each mother and the number of those still living, year of immigration, and number of years in the United States.

Missing Data:

1880--Michigan =
Oscoda County is missing people.
Sanilac County is missing about 1,600 people.

 

Historical Background

1668--Sault Ste. Marie, the oldest community in Michigan was founded by the French.

1701--Detroit was founded.

1763--The British took possession of the area but discouraged settlers.

1787--Michigan became part of the U.S. Northwest Territory, but the British still controlled Detroit and Mackinac.

1796--The British withdrew from their remaining posts, including Detroit.

1800--The area became part of the Indiana Territory.

1805--Congress created Michigan Territory.

1837--Michigan became a state.

Indexes

1820-1870--Statewide indexes are at the Family History Library for the censuses, in book or microfiche format.


1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 & 1900  United States Censuses for Michigan are available at labs.familysearch.org for free. Site includes searchable name indexes and images. 1880 is available in name index only. 

1880-- The census has a partial soundex (phonetic index) on microfilm. It only lists families with children under age ten.

1900-1930--Censuses have complete soundex indexes on microfilm.

County-wide indexes sometimes help you locate names overlooked in statewide indexes. Dozens of county-wide indexes for various years are identified in:

  • Callard, Carole, ed. Sourcebook of Michigan Census, County Histories, and Vital Records. Lansing, Michigan: Library of Michigan, 1986. (Family History Library book 977.4 A3sm; fiche 6101261.)


If your ancestor lived in a large city:

Find your ancestor's address. Look in a city directory for the same year as the census.Find the enumeration district for that address. (Citites were divided into enumeration districts. Before 1880, the divisions were called wards. Find the enumeration district on the census microfilm (look in the upper right corner of the census page). Look for your ancestor in the enumeration district. If you cannot find the ward or enumeration district, you may still search the census for that city line by line, but it is time-consuming.


In smaller towns or rural areas:

Find the town or, for rural areas, a nearby town on the census. (Look in the upper-left corner of the census page.)
Look for your ancestor in that town.


The following reference tools may help you find the enumeration district for a specific address:

  • Kirkham, E. Kay. A Handy Guide to Record- Searching in the Larger Cities of the United States. Logan, Utah: Everton, 1974. (Family History Library book 973 D27kc; fiche 6020059–60.) Includes ward map and street index for Detroit in 1878.
  • United States. Census Office. Census Descriptions of Geographic Subdivisions and Enumerations Districts, T1224 and T1210. Contains the items below:

                        1830 Family History Library film 1402857 item 1 
                        1840 Family History Library film 1402857 item 2 
                        1850 Family History Library film 1402858 item 1 
                        1860 Family History Library film 1402858 item 2 
                        1870 Family History Library film 1402859 
                        1880 Family History Library film 1402861 
                        1900 Family History Library film 1303023 
                        1910 Family History Library film 1374005
                        1920 Family History Library film 1842709
                        1930 Family History Library film  2261286


  • United States. Bureau of the Census. Cross Index to Selected City Streets and Enumeration Districts, 1910 Census, M1283. Washington, D.C.: National Archives, [1984]. (51 Family History Library fiche 6331481.) Lists street addresses for Detroit on fiche 17. Lists street addresses with corresponding enumeration districts for Grand Rapids on fiche 20.

Special Censuses

Mortality Schedules

1850-1880-- Mortality schedules (lists of deaths in the year before the census) exist. The schedules are available at the National Archives, the Library of Michigan, and the Michigan State Archives.

1850 United States Census Mortality Schedules—A free Internet index and images to the 1850 United States Census Mortality Schedules can be viewed on the FamilySearch Record Search - Pilot Site. Mortality schedules provided nationwide death statistics for the twelve months prior to the 1850 census.  Key genealogical facts found on the 1850 mortality schedule are: Name, age, sex, color, married or widowed, birthplace, month of death, occupation, cause of death.

1884, 1894--Mortality schedules were also taken as part of the state censuses.

Territorial and State Censuses

More than 20 early territorial censuses were taken in various areas of Michigan. Historical background and the names found in the early lists are given in:

  • Russell, Donna Valley.Michigan Censuses, 1710–1830. Detroit, Michigan: Detroit Society for Genealogical Research, 1982. (Family History Library book 977.4 X2r.)

1827, 1834, 1837, 1845, 1854, 1864, 1874, 1884, 1894, and 1904--Other territorial and state enumerations were made in these years .

1827, 1837, and 1845-- Indexes for the territorial and state censuses have been published. The original schedules are housed in many different local repositories. The schedules of many counties are missing.

1884, 1894-- The most complete collections are for these censuses, which include detailed information on each family member.

To see which territorial or state censuses are available use the Family History Library Catalog.

Use the following book:

  • Buckway, G. Eileen. U.S. State and Special Census Register. Salt Lake City, Utah: Family History Library, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1992. (Family History Library book 973 X2be; fiche 6104851-52.)

More detailed information on Michigan census records is in "Michigan Census Schedules and Records," printed in the Summer-Fall 1978 issue of Family Trails.

Online Population Schedule Indexes and Images

Online Census Population Indexes and Images Available for Michigan

Free

Free at Some Libraries

(Use these links for access when at the Family History Library and some Family History Centers)

Pay 
Year   Index Images Index Images Index Images
1840 Ancestry Ancestry HeritageQuest Ancestry Ancestry
1850 FamilySearch FamilySearch Ancestry Ancestry HeritageQuest Ancestry Ancestry
1860 FamilySearch FamilySearch Ancestry HeritageQuest Footnote Ancestry HeritageQuest Footnote Ancestry Footnote Ancestry Footnote
1870 FamilySearch FamilySearch Ancestry HeritageQuest Ancestry HeritageQuest Ancestry Ancestry
1880 FamilySearch
Ancestry HeritageQuest Ancestry HeritageQuest Ancestry Ancestry
1900 FamilySearch FamilySearch Ancestry HeritageQuest Ancestry HeritageQuest Ancestry Ancestry
1910

Ancestry HeritageQuest Ancestry HeritageQuest Ancestry Ancestry
1920  
Ancestry HeritageQuest Ancestry HeritageQuest Ancestry Ancestry
1930

Ancestry Footnote Ancestry HeritageQuest Footnote Ancestry Footnote Ancestry  Footnote

United States Censuses 1850-1920—Free Internet census indexes and images to the 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (index only), 1900, and 1920 (partial index only) can be viewed on the FamilySearch Record Search. These indexes show every name listed on the census, and except for 1880 and 1920, are also linked to census images including information about each person’s residence, age, birthplace, occupation, other family members, and neighbors.

Ancestry ($), a subscription Internet site, has indexes and images to all available federal census population, veterans, slave, and mortality schedules from 1790 to 1930. Ancestry provides a few of their indexes free to the public, such as all mortality schedule indexes, Alabama state census indexes for 1820, 1850, 1855, 1866, and the 1880 federal index.

HeritageQuest, an Internet service available at selected libraries, has images to all available federal census population and slave schedules from 1790 to 1930, and indexes to some but not all.

Footnote ($), a subscription Internet site has indexes and images to the 1860 and 1930 censuses for some states

Census Online

Genealogy Today

Access Genealogy

National Archives

References

  • Michigan Research Outline. Salt Lake City, Utah: Intellectual Reserve, Inc., Family History Department, 1998, 2006.
  • 1880 Census Index CD Manuel