Michigan Census

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''[[United States|United States ]] >  [[United States Census|U.S. Census ]] >  [[Michigan|Michigan]]  >  [[Michigan_Census|Census]]''  
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''[[United States|United States ]] >  [[United States Census|U.S. Census ]] >  [[Michigan|Michigan]]  >  [[Michigan Census|Census]]''  
  
=== Existing and lost censuses  ===
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{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" width="100%" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
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|-
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| width="44%" | __TOC__
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| valign="middle" | <center><font size="+1">'''Tips'''</font></center>
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*If at first you don't find a name, try again under [[Spelling Substitution Tables for the United States and Canada|another spelling]].
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*[[Copying Sources|Photocopy]] each ancestor's census. Identify where you found it.
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*Look for an ancestor in '''''every''''' census during her or his lifetime.
 +
*On the [[Adding a Custom Event to a PAF Family Group Record|family group record]] show&nbsp;each person's census listings.
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*Study&nbsp;others in the same household, neighbors, and anyone with the similar names nearby on the census in [[Research a Family in Community Context|community context]].
  
For a list of available and missing Michigan censuses, [[Michigan Censuses Existing and Lost|click here]]. <br>
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<br>  
  
The '''1820''' and '''1830''' censuses include present-day Wisconsin.<br>
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*For a list of the exact date of each federal census, [[Michigan Censuses Existing and Lost|click here]].
  
'''1820-1930--'''The Family History Library has the U.S. federal censuses of Michigan.
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|}
  
'''1810-- '''The census was destroyed except for fragments for Detroit and Michilimackinac.
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=== Online Michigan indexes and images  ===
  
'''''1850 United States Census'''''—A free Internet index and images to the 1850 United States Census can be viewed on the [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1401638 FamilySearch Record Search – Pilot Site]. This index includes every name listed on the census and is linked to an image including information about each person’s residence and age in 1850, birthplace, occupation, other family members, and neighbors.
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{{Census Online Michigan}}
  
'''1860 United States Census'''''—A free Internet index and images to the 1860 United States Census can be viewed on the [http://search.labs.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1473181 FamilySearch Record Search – Pilot Site.] This index includes every name listed on the census and is linked to an image including information about each person’s residence and age in 1860, birthplace, occupation, other family members, whether married or single, and neighbors.''
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=== Federal population schedules  ===
  
'''1870 United States Census---'''A free internet index and images can be viewed on [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1438024 FamilySearch Record Pilot site]. This index includes the full name, age, sex, race, birthplace, occupation, month if born in census year, month if married in census year, birth place of father and mother, if born in a foreign country.
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==== Microfilm images ====
  
'''''1880 United States Census'''''– A Free Internet Index and Images to the US Census can be viewed on the [http://search.labs.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1417683 Family Search Record Pilot – Pilot Site.] This index includes an every name index to population schedules listing inhabitants. It includes the full name, race, sex, age, birth month (if born during the previous year), relationship to head of household, whether married, single or divorced, whether married during the previous year, country or state of birth of each person and his parent’s, occupation and street address and house number.
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*
  
'''1890-- '''The census was also destroyed, but the 1890 list of Union veterans still exists and has been indexed.
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==== Indexes: fiche, film, or book  ====
  
'''1900 Federal Census''' - A free Internet index and images to the 1900 United States Census can be viewed on the&nbsp; [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#start FamilySearch Record Search – Pilot Site<span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1236863911171_679" />]. Important additions to this census are month and year of birth of each household member, number of years married for each married person, number of children born to each mother and the number of those still living, year of immigration, and number of years in the United States.
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For a list of microform and book indexes for the population schedules of Michigan, [[Michigan Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book|click here]]
  
'''Missing Data''':
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=== Federal non-population schedules  ===
  
'''1880--'''Michigan =<br>Oscoda County is missing people.<br>Sanilac County is missing about 1,600 people.<br>
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==== Online indexes and images  ====
  
== Historical Background  ==
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{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1" align="center" width="77%"
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|-
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| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" colspan="11" | <font size="+1">'''Online Federal Non-Population Schedules for Michigan'''</font>
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|-
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| bgcolor="#ff9900" colspan="2" | <br>
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| bgcolor="#ff9966" align="center" colspan="3" | '''Free'''
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| bgcolor="#cccccc" align="center" colspan="3" | '''Free at Some Libraries''' (usually&nbsp;with&nbsp;library&nbsp;card)
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| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" | '''Pay'''
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|-
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| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" | '''Year'''
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| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" width="10%" | '''Type'''
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| bgcolor="#ff9966" align="center" | '''Record Search'''
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| bgcolor="#ff9966" align="center" | '''Census Bureau'''
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| bgcolor="#ff9966" align="center" | '''Google Book'''
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| bgcolor="#cccccc" align="center" | '''Heritage Quest'''
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| bgcolor="#cccccc" align="center" | '''Ancestry FHL'''
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| bgcolor="#cccccc" align="center" | '''Ancestry Library'''
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| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" | '''Ancestry Home'''
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|-
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| '''1890'''
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| width="20%" | Veterans
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8667&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8667&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8667&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
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|-
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| '''1880'''
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| width="20%" | Mortality
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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|-
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| '''1870'''
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| Mortality
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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|-
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| '''1860'''
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| Mortality
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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|-
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| '''1850'''
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| Mortality
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| align="center" | [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;c=1420441 Link]
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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|-
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| '''1840'''
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| Pensioners
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/1840c-01.pdf BookLink]
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| align="center" | [http://books.google.com/books?id=W7JYAAAAMAAJ&dq=1840+census+pensioners&printsec=frontcover&source=bl&ots=W0XUmfgahX&sig=WRyMIVwiePLwKmlxhbchJl1ZeeA&hl=en&ei=SJ0MSvSrBqOMtgf19I2FCA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=10#PPA61,M1 BookLink]
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7678 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7678 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7678 Link]
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|}
  
'''1668--'''Sault Ste. Marie, the oldest community in Michigan was founded by the French.
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==== Microfilm images  ====
  
'''1701--'''Detroit was founded.
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*
  
'''1763--'''The British took possession of the area but discouraged settlers.
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==== Indexes: fiche, film, or book  ====
  
'''1787--'''Michigan became part of the U.S. Northwest Territory, but the British still controlled Detroit and Mackinac.  
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For a list of microform and book indexes for the non-population schedules of Michigan, [[Michigan Non-Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book|click here]].  
  
'''1796--'''The British withdrew from their remaining posts, including Detroit.
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=== State, territorial, and colonial censuses ===
 
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'''1800--'''The area became part of the Indiana Territory.
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'''1805--'''Congress created Michigan Territory.
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'''1837--'''Michigan became a state.
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== Indexes  ==
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'''1820-1870--'''Statewide indexes are at the Family History Library for the censuses, in book or microfiche format.
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<br>'''1850, 1860, 1870,&nbsp;1880 &amp; 1900&nbsp;'''&nbsp;United States Censuses for Michigan&nbsp;are available at [http://search.labs.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=0 labs.familysearch.org] for free. Site includes searchable name indexes and images. '''1880''' is available in name index only.&nbsp;
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'''1880-- '''The&nbsp;census has a partial soundex (phonetic index) on microfilm. It only lists families with children under age ten.
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'''1900-1930--'''Censuses have complete soundex indexes on microfilm.
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County-wide indexes sometimes help you locate names overlooked in statewide indexes. Dozens of county-wide indexes for various years are identified in:
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*Callard, Carole, ed. ''Sourcebook of Michigan Census, County Histories, and Vital Records''. Lansing, Michigan: Library of Michigan, 1986. (Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=616453&disp=Sourcebook+of+Michigan+census%2C+county+%20%20&columns=*,0,0 book 977.4 A3sm; fiche 6101261].)
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<br>
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If your ancestor lived in a large city:
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Find your ancestor's address. Look in a city directory for the same year as the census.Find the enumeration district for that address. (Citites were divided into enumeration districts. Before 1880, the divisions were called wards. Find the enumeration district on the census microfilm (look in the upper right corner of the census page).&nbsp;Look for your ancestor in the enumeration district. If you cannot find the ward or enumeration district, you may still search the census for that city line by line, but it is time-consuming.
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<br>In smaller towns or rural areas:
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Find the town or, for rural areas, a nearby town on the census. (Look in the upper-left corner of the census page.) <br>Look for your ancestor in that town.
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<br>The following reference tools may help you find the enumeration district for a specific address:
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*Kirkham, E. Kay. ''A Handy Guide to Record- Searching in the Larger Cities of the United States''. Logan, Utah: Everton, 1974. (Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=216818&disp=A+handy+guide+to+record%2Dsearching+in+t%20%20&columns=*,0,0 book 973 D27kc; fiche 6020059–60].) Includes ward map and street index for Detroit in 1878.<br>
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*United States. Census Office. ''Census Descriptions of Geographic Subdivisions and Enumerations Districts'', T1224 and T1210. Contains the items below:
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&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 1830 Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=464584&disp=Descriptions+of+census+geographic+subdiv++ film 1402857 item 1&nbsp;]<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 1840 Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=464588&disp=Descriptions+of+census+geographic+subdiv++ film 1402857 item 2]&nbsp;<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 1850 Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=464615&disp=Descriptions+of+census+geographic+subdiv++ film 1402858 item 1]&nbsp;<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 1860 Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=464619&disp=Descriptions+of+census+geographic+subdiv++ film 1402858 item 2]&nbsp;<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 1870 Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=464745&disp=Descriptions+of+census+geographic+subdiv++ film 1402859]&nbsp;<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 1880 Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=464749&disp=Census+descriptions+of+geographic+subdiv++ film 1402861]&nbsp;<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 1900 Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=59389&disp=Census+enumeration+district+descriptions++ film 1303023]&nbsp;<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 1910 Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=297379&disp=Census+descriptions+of+geographic+subdiv++ film 1374005]<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 1920 Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=622083&disp=Census+descriptions+of+geographic+subdiv++ film 1842709]<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 1930 Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=1037259&disp=Census+descriptions+of+geographic+subdiv++ film&nbsp; 2261286]
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<br>
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*United States. Bureau of the Census. ''Cross Index to Selected City Streets and Enumeration Districts, 1910 Census'', M1283. Washington, D.C.: National Archives, [1984]. ([http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=232848&disp=Cross+index+to+selected+city+streets+and++ 51 Family History Library fiche 6331481].) Lists street addresses for Detroit on fiche 17. Lists street addresses with corresponding enumeration districts for Grand Rapids on fiche 20.
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== Special Censuses ==
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'''Mortality Schedules'''
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'''1850-1880--&nbsp;'''Mortality schedules (lists of deaths in the year before the census) exist. The schedules are available at the National Archives, the Library of Michigan, and the Michigan State Archives.
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'''1850 United States Census Mortality Schedules'''—A free Internet index and images to the 1850 United States Census Mortality Schedules can be viewed on the [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1420441 FamilySearch Record Search - Pilot Site]. Mortality schedules provided nationwide death statistics for the twelve months&nbsp;prior to the 1850 census.&nbsp; Key genealogical facts found on the 1850 mortality&nbsp;schedule are: Name, age, sex, color, married or widowed, birthplace, month of death, occupation, cause of death.
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'''1884, 1894--'''Mortality schedules were also taken as part of the state censuses.
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== Territorial and State Censuses  ==
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More than 20 early territorial censuses were taken in various areas of Michigan. Historical background and the names found in the early lists are given in:  
 
More than 20 early territorial censuses were taken in various areas of Michigan. Historical background and the names found in the early lists are given in:  
Line 102: Line 135:
 
'''1884, 1894--&nbsp;'''The most complete collections are for these censuses, which include detailed information on each family member.  
 
'''1884, 1894--&nbsp;'''The most complete collections are for these censuses, which include detailed information on each family member.  
  
To see which territorial or state censuses are available use the Family History Library Catalog.  
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More detailed information on Michigan census records is in "Michigan Census Schedules and Records," printed in the Summer-Fall 1978 issue of ''Family Trails''.  
  
Use the following book:
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=== Existing and lost censuses  ===
 
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*Buckway, G. Eileen. ''U.S. State and Special Census Register''. Salt Lake City, Utah: Family History Library, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1992. (Family History Library book 973 X2be; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=614493&disp=U.S.+state+and+special+census+regist++ fiche 6104851-52].)
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More detailed information on Michigan census records is in "Michigan Census Schedules and Records," printed in the Summer-Fall 1978 issue of ''Family Trails''.<br>
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== Web Sites  ==
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For a list of available and missing Michigan censuses, [[Michigan Censuses Existing and Lost|click here]]. <br>
  
Ancestry: http://www.ancestry.com
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=== Why use a census?  ===
  
Heritage Quest Online: http://www.heritagequestonline.com
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A well-indexed census is one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor's family lived and when they lived there. You can also use censuses to follow the changes in a family over time, and identify neighbors. These and other clues provided by censuses are important because they help find additional kinds of records about the family.  
  
Census Online: http://www.census-online.com/links/MI/
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=== More about censuses  ===
  
Genealogy Today: http://dir.genealogytoday.com/usa/mi/census.html
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[[United States Census|Click here]] for additional details about how to use censuses, such as:  
  
Access Genealogy: http://www.accessgenealogy.com/census/michigan.htm
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:*[[United States Census Searching|index searching tips]]
 +
:*[[United States Census Analyzing Census Data|analyzing and using what you find]]
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:*[[United States Census Accuracy|census accuracy]]
 +
:*[[United States Census Historical Background|historical background]]
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:*[[United States Census#Contents_of_Federal_Censuses|contents of various census years and types]]
  
National Archives: http://www.archives.gov/
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=== Sources and footnotes  ===
  
== References<br> ==
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{{reflist}}
  
*''[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/search/RG/frameset_rg.asp?Dest=G1&Aid=&Gid=&Lid=&Sid=&Did=&Juris1=&Event=&Year=&Gloss=&Sub=&Tab=&Entry=&Guide=Michigan.ASP Michigan Research Outline].'' Salt Lake City, Utah: Intellectual Reserve, Inc., Family History Department, 1998, 2006.
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{{Place|Michigan}} {{stub}}
*1880 Census Index CD Manuel
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[[Category:Michigan|Census]]
 
[[Category:Michigan|Census]]

Revision as of 03:17, 16 February 2010

United States  >  U.S. Census  >  Michigan  >  Census

Contents

Tips
  • If at first you don't find a name, try again under another spelling.
  • Photocopy each ancestor's census. Identify where you found it.
  • Look for an ancestor in every census during her or his lifetime.
  • On the family group record show each person's census listings.
  • Study others in the same household, neighbors, and anyone with the similar names nearby on the census in community context.


  • For a list of the exact date of each federal census, click here.

Online Michigan indexes and images

1870-1940

Online Federal and State Population Schedules of Michigan 
  Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card)* Pay
Family
Search[1]
Internet Archive[2]  Misc.  Heritage Quest[3] Fold3[4] Ancestry FHL[5] Ancestry Library[5] Ancestry Home[5] Archives[6] Family Link[7]
1940 indexes Link - Link
Link
- - Link Link Link - -
images Link - Link
Link
Link
- - Link Link Link Link Link
1930 indexes Link - - - Link Link Link Link Link


Link
images Link Link - Link Link Link Link Link - Link
1920 indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link


-
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1910 indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link


-
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1900 indexes Link Soundex - Link - Link Link Link Link


-
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1894 State indexes - - - - - Link Link Link - -
images - - - - - - - - - -
partial 1880 indexes Link Soundex - Link - Link Link Link Link


-
images - Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1870 indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link


-
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link

1820-1860

Online Federal and State Population Schedules of Michigan 
  Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card)* Pay
Family
Search[1]
Internet Archive[2]  Misc.  Heritage Quest[3] Fold3[4] Ancestry FHL[5] Ancestry Library[5] Ancestry Home[5] Archives[6] Family Link[7]
1860 indexes Link - - Link Link Link Link Link Link


Link
images - Link - Link Link Link Link Link - Link
1850 indexes Link - - - - Link Link Link Link


-
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1845 State indexes - - - - - Link Link Link - -
images - - - - - - - - - -
1840 indexes Link - - - - Link Link Link Link


-
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1837[8] County  indexes - - - - - Link  Link  Link - -
images - - - - - - - - - -
1834[9] Territory indexes - - - - - Link Link Link - -
images - - - - - - - - - -
1830[10] Territory indexes Link - - - - Link Link Link Link


-
images Link Link Tran-
script
Link - Link Link Link - Link
1827 Territory  indexes - - - - - Link Link Link - -
images - - - - - - - - - -
1820 Territory indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link


-
images Link Link Tran-
script
Link - Link Link Link - Link
  Family Search Internet Archive Misc.  Heritage Quest Fold3 Ancestry FHL  Ancestry Library  Ancestry Home Archives Family Link
Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card) Pay


Federal population schedules

Microfilm images

Indexes: fiche, film, or book

For a list of microform and book indexes for the population schedules of Michigan, click here

Federal non-population schedules

Online indexes and images

Online Federal Non-Population Schedules for Michigan

Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with library card) Pay
Year Type Record Search Census Bureau Google Book Heritage Quest Ancestry FHL Ancestry Library Ancestry Home
1890 Veterans - - - - Link Link Link
1880 Mortality - - - - Link Link Link
1870 Mortality - - - - Link Link Link
1860 Mortality - - - - Link Link Link
1850 Mortality Link - - - Link Link Link
1840 Pensioners - BookLink BookLink - Link Link Link

Microfilm images

Indexes: fiche, film, or book

For a list of microform and book indexes for the non-population schedules of Michigan, click here.

State, territorial, and colonial censuses

More than 20 early territorial censuses were taken in various areas of Michigan. Historical background and the names found in the early lists are given in:

  • Russell, Donna Valley.Michigan Censuses, 1710–1830. Detroit, Michigan: Detroit Society for Genealogical Research, 1982. (Family History Library book 977.4 X2r.)

1827, 1834, 1837, 1845, 1854, 1864, 1874, 1884, 1894, and 1904--Other territorial and state enumerations were made in these years .

1827, 1837, and 1845-- Indexes for the territorial and state censuses have been published. The original schedules are housed in many different local repositories. The schedules of many counties are missing.

1884, 1894-- The most complete collections are for these censuses, which include detailed information on each family member.

More detailed information on Michigan census records is in "Michigan Census Schedules and Records," printed in the Summer-Fall 1978 issue of Family Trails.

Existing and lost censuses

For a list of available and missing Michigan censuses, click here.

Why use a census?

A well-indexed census is one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor's family lived and when they lived there. You can also use censuses to follow the changes in a family over time, and identify neighbors. These and other clues provided by censuses are important because they help find additional kinds of records about the family.

More about censuses

Click here for additional details about how to use censuses, such as:

Sources and footnotes

  1. 1.0 1.1 FamilySearch, a free online service of the Family History Library, including free images of many federal censuses, including an index of the 1880 federal census of the United States; connected with 1880 census images provided by Ancestry.com, a subscription site.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Internet Archive, a free online service includes free images of most of the federal censuses.
  3. 3.0 3.1 HeritageQuest has arranged with many subscribing public libraries in the United States to allow users free access on home computers by means of their personal library card numbers. HeritageQuest provides images of all surviving 1790 to 1930 federal censuses, and indexes to many but not all of them.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Fold3, formerly known as Footnote.com, a subscription site partnering with the National Archives and includes some federal censuses. Free access is available at many public libraries.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 Ancestry.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving federal and many state census records, among other sources. They have three online editions: (1) an FHL edition free only at the Family History Library and a few Family History Centers, (2) a slightly smaller Library edition free only at some public libraries, and (3) a Home edition subscription service for individuals.
  6. 6.0 6.1 Archives.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving federal census records, among other sources.
  7. 7.0 7.1 FamilyLink.com, a subscription site that provides online images (and some indexes) to all surviving federal and many state census records, among other sources.
  8. This 1837 Michigan Territorial census index only includes Kalamazoo County, Michigan.
  9. The 1834 Michigan Territorial census also encompassed the land that is now known as Wisconsin. The counties of this western area of the territory were Brown, Crawford and Iowa.
  10. The 1830 federal census of Michigan Territory included parts of present-day northeastern Minnesota.