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[[Portal:United States Military Records|Portal:United States Military Records]]>[[Minnesota|Minnesota]]  
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[[Image:The Siege of New Ulm Minn.jpg|thumb|right|330x220px]]
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''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[United States Military Records|U.S. Military]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Minnesota|Minnesota]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Minnesota_Military_Records|Military Records]]''
  
 
Military records identify millions of individuals who served in the military or who were eligible for service. Evidence that an ancestor actually served may be found in family traditions (or legends), census records, naturalization records, biographies, cemetery records, and records of veterans’ organizations.  
 
Military records identify millions of individuals who served in the military or who were eligible for service. Evidence that an ancestor actually served may be found in family traditions (or legends), census records, naturalization records, biographies, cemetery records, and records of veterans’ organizations.  
  
Many military records are found at the Family History Library, the National Archives, the Minnesota Historical Society, and other federal and state archives.[[United States Military Records|United States Military Records]] provides more information on federal military records and search strategies.  
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Many military records are found at the Family History Library, the National Archives, the Minnesota Historical Society, and other federal and state archives. [[United States Military Records|United States Military Records]] provides more information on federal military records and search strategies.  
  
==== Forts  ====
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=== Forts  ===
  
Fort Beauharnois -- 1727-1756
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Forts were authorized by the federal government, built to house and maintain the military who were to assist in maintaining peace by enforcing treaties and providing protection to settlers.
  
Bois Fort  
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*[http://www.ftabercrombie.org/ftabersiege.html Fort Abercrombie]
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*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fort_Beauharnois Fort Beauharnois] -- 1727-1756
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*Bois Fort  
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*Fort Howard 1816-52
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*Fort Pipestone 
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*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Camp_Ripley Fort Ripley] -- 1849-1877
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*[http://www.mnhs.org/places/sites/fr/ Fort Ridgely ]-- Textual records of this post, 1853-1865, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in [http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/393.html Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920], under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7).
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*[http://www.ftabercrombie.org/ftabersiege.html Fort Sanborn] -- 1862-1863
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*[http://www.mnhs.org/places/sites/hfs/history.html Fort Snelling] -- 1819-1946. Textual records of this post, 1855-1922, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in [http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/393.html Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920], under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7).
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*[http://www.copperharbor.org/history.html Fort Wilkins] 1844-70
  
Fort Howard 1816-52
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'''References'''
  
Fort Pipestone
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''Encyclopedia of Indian Wars Western Battles and Skirmishes 1850-1890''. By Gregory F. Michno. Mountain Press Publishing Co., Missoula, Montana C. 2003 [[/en/index.php?title=Special:BookSources&isbn=0887842468|ISBN 0-887842-468]]-7
  
Fort Ridgely -- 1853-1867
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=== War of 1812 (1812-1815)  ===
  
Fort Ripley -- 1849-1877
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The War of 1812 between Britain and the United States confirmed the separate existence of the United States and the future Canada.<br><br>See the Wiki article, [[Minnesota in the War of 1812|Minnesota in the War of 1812]], for information concerning military records, histories, links to relevant web sites, etc. for Minnesota.<br>
  
Fort Ridgely -- Textual records of this post, 1853-1865, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in [http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/393.html Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920], under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7).  
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There are helpful nationwide records for soldiers of the War of 1812. For more information, see [[United States in the War of 1812|United States in the War of 1812]]''.''
  
Fort Sanborn -- 1862-1863
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Although Minnesota did not exist as a state during the War of 1812, records exist for War of 1812 veterans that later settled in Minnesota.
  
Fort Snelling -- 1819-1946. Textual records of this post, 1855-1922, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in [http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/393.html Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920], under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7).
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==== Explanation of the Major Record Types  ====
  
Fort Wilkins 1844-70
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*Pearson, Thomas A., comp. [http://www.slpl.lib.mo.us/libsrc/genealogicalrecordswarof1812.htm Genealogical Records of the War of 1812]: an Introduction and Selected Bibliography of Materials in the Collection of St. Louis Public Library. (St. Louis, Missouri: St. Louis Public Library, July 2004).
  
'''References'''
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==== Pension Records  ====
  
''Encyclopedia of Indian Wars Western Battles and Skirmishes 1850-1890''. By Gregory F. Michno. Mounatin Press Publishing Co., Missoula, Montana C. 2003 [[/en/index.php?title=Special:BookSources&isbn=0887842468|ISBN 0-887842-468]]-7
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*[http://www.genealogycenter.info/search_minnesota1812.php War of 1812 Pensioners in Minnesota, 1883] (includes pensioners and widows). Abstracted from&nbsp;the U.S. Pension Bureau's ''List of Pensioners on the Roll January 1, 1883'', volume IV. <br>
  
=== Mexican War (1846–1848)  ===
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*''Pensioners on the roll (living in Minnesota) as of 1 January 1883&nbsp;: with every name index'' (Brooklyn Park, Minnesota: Park Genealogical Books, 1994) pages 83 [https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/show?uri=http%3A%2F%2Fcatalog-search-api%3A8080%2Fwww-catalogapi-webservice%2Fitem%2F1216304 FHL&nbsp;Book 977.6 M2]<br>
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==== Burial Records  ====
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*Finnell, Arthur Louis. ''[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/show?uri=http%3A%2F%2Fcatalog-search-api%3A8080%2Fwww-catalogapi-webservice%2Fitem%2F655551 Known War of 1812 Veterans Buried in Minnesota].'' Roseville, Minnesota: Park Genealogical Books, 1997 (FHL book 977.6 V3f.) Includes the name, place of birth and death, name of spouse, and where married. Also includes the soldier’s service record with dates and his residence at time of death.
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=== Mexican War (1846-1848)  ===
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The Mexican War was caused by the annexation of Texas by the United States in 1845. Most volunteer regiments were from southern states. Records of Mexican War veterans might exist in a state where the veteran later resided. <br>
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*''Mexican War Index to Pension Files, 1887–1926''. (NARA T317). {{FHL|0537000|item|disp=FHL films 0537000–13}} Alphabetically arranged and includes the veteran’s name, rank, and unit; names of dependents; date of filing and application; certificate numbers; act filed under; and state from which application was made. Also available at:<br>
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:*{{RecordSearch|1979390|United States, Mexican War Pension Index, 1887-1926}} (FamilySearch) Free digital copy. ([[United States, Index to Mexican War Pension Files (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Learn more.]])<br>
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*Robarts, William Hugh. ''Mexican War Veterans&nbsp;: A Complete Roster of the Regular and Volunteer Troops in the War Between the United States and Mexico, from 1846-1848…'' Washington, D.C.&nbsp;: Brentano’s, 1887. {{FHL|1854496|item|disp=FHL book 973 M2rwh}} Digital version available at [http://archive.org/details/mexicanwarvetera00roba Internet Archive].<br>
  
 
Although Minnesota did not exist as a state during the time of the Mexican War, men who served in that war were eligible for military bounty land in Minnesota. (See [[Minnesota Land and Property|Minnesota Land and Property]].)  
 
Although Minnesota did not exist as a state during the time of the Mexican War, men who served in that war were eligible for military bounty land in Minnesota. (See [[Minnesota Land and Property|Minnesota Land and Property]].)  
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Click on these links to learn more about the [[Mexican War, 1846 to 1848|Mexican War]] and about [[US Mexican War Pension Records|Mexican War pension records]].
  
 
=== Civil War (1861–1865)  ===
 
=== Civil War (1861–1865)  ===
  
Minnesota was a relatively new state with a small population at the time of the Civil War, but it contributed a substantial number of troops to the Union forces during the war. About 22,000 Minnesotans served; 2,500 died in the war. An article with suggestions and sources for researching a Civil War ancestor in Minnesota is:
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See [[Minnesota in the Civil War|Minnesota in the Civil War]] for information about&nbsp;Minnesota Civil War records, web sites, etc. with links to articles about the Minnesota regiments involved in the Civil War. The regimental pages often include lists of the companies with links to the counties where the companies started. Men in the companies often lived in the counties where the companies were raised. Knowing a county can help when researching more about the soldiers and their families.
  
*Baker, Mary Hawker. ''Tracing Civil War Ancestors in Minnesota''. Minnesota Genealogist 28 (fall 1997): 98–100. St. Paul, Minnesota: The Society. (Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=914697&disp=v%2E21%2Cno%2E1++Mar+1990%20%20&columns=*,0,0 book 977.6 B2mg].)
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The [http://www.itd.nps.gov/cwss/ Civil War Soldiers and Sailors&nbsp;System] allows name searching for soldiers. The result set gives the regiments for the soldiers. Then you can check the Wiki regiment pages to determine counties. Often knowing the counties that had men in a regiment will help you determine if a soldier was your ancestor.  
*Names of most of those who served are included in:
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*''Minnesota in the Civil and Indian Wars, 1861–1865''. Two Volumes. St. Paul, Minnesota: Pioneer Press, 1890–93. (Family History Library book [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=265177&disp=Minnesota+in+the+Civil+and+Indian+wars2++ 977.6 H2bc; Volume 1 on film 1036220 item6; Volume 2 on film 1033917 item 2 and fiche 6046730 [fiche 11–18]].)
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*''Minnesota in the Civil and Indian Wars, 1861–1865''. 2d ed. Two Volumes. St. Paul, Minnesota: Pioneer Press, 1891. (Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=265177&disp=Minnesota+in+the+Civil+and+Indian+wars2++ book 977.6 H2bc 1891; film 1033917; fiche 6046730 [set of 10].)] Volume 1 includes the history of each regiment and regimental rosters listing soldiers’ names, ages, dates of service, and remarks about their service, including whether transferred, wounded, captured, or killed. Volume 2 consists of correspondence and battle reports, arranged chronologically. Indexes at the end of each volume list only some officers and major events. A more complete index to both volumes is at the Minnesota Historical Society.
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*''Minnesota Adjutant General’s Report of 1866''. Roseville, Minnesota: Park Genealogical Books, 1997. (Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=688637&disp=Minnesota+Adjutant+General%27s+report+of%20%20&columns=*,0,0 book 977.6].) The report lists 26,088 names of men who served during the Civil War period, including citizen soldiers who served in local militias. It gives name, age, state or country of birth, dates of service, and remarks, and is arranged alphabetically. Family history researchers should look at both.
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The index to the federal service records of Union volunteers from Minnesota is:
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=== Soldiers' Home Records  ===
  
*United States. Adjutant General’s Office. ''Index to Compiled Service Records of Volunteer Union Soldiers Who Served in Organizations from the State of Minnesota''. National Archives Microfilm Publication M0546. Washington, D.C.: National Archives, [1965?]. (On 10 Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=319073&disp=Index+to+compiled+service+records+of+vol++ films beginning with 821930].)
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Records of the state operated soldiers' home in Minneapolis are found in the Minnesota State Historical Society Library. They include resident admission and discharge records, history of residents’ military service, and clinical records.  
*An index to volunteers in the [http://www.1stminnesota.net/ 1st Minnesota Infantry Regiment].&nbsp; Includes some personal histories and photos.&nbsp;
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For a statewide&nbsp;Civil War&nbsp;database search&nbsp;see the [http://www.dalbydata.com/user.php?action=civwarsearch Dalby Database.]
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=== Indian Wars (1780s-1890s)  ===
  
==== Pensions  ====
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'''Dakota Conflict (Sioux Uprising, 1862)'''
  
*'''Civil War Pension Index Cards''' - A free Internet index to pension applications of veterans who served in the US Army between 1861-1917 is available on [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1471019 FamilySearch Record Search]. Each card gives the soldier’s name, application and certificate numbers, state of enlistment, and might include rank and death information. Other wars, of that time period, may be included.
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The Dakota Conflict, sometimes called the Sioux Uprising or Sioux War of 1862, erupted in Minnesota during the Civil War. Driven by hunger and broken promises, some Dakota Indians attacked settlements in the Minnesota River Valley in mid-August 1862. Although not long, the Dakota Conflict claimed the lives of hundreds of Dakota people and white settlers. The unrest that persisted following the conflict caused many Dakota Indians to flee to the Dakota Territory or to Canada.  
  
The index to Union pension records for all states is described in [[United States Military Records|United States Military Records]].  
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Records of troops in federal service who took part in the Dakota Conflict are included with Civil War records. Names of those who served with local militia units are included as an appendix to Minnesota in the Civil and Indian Wars, 1861–1865, volume 1, described above. Names of more than 200 white settlers and many Indians who died in the Dakota Conflict are included in:
  
<br>Names and residences of some persons receiving federal pensions can be found in:  
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*Satterlee, Marion P. ''A Detailed Account of the Massacre by the Dakota Indians in 1862: with Names of all Victims [and a] Complete List of Indians Killed in Battle.''. Minneapolis, Minnesota: M. P. Satterlee, [1923]. (Family History Library <img _fck_mw_template="true" _fckrealelement="10" _fckfakelement="true" src="https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/extensions/FCKeditor/fckeditor/editor/images/spacer.gif" class="FCK__MWTemplate">.) <br> <br>
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*Bakeman, Mary Hawker and Antona M. Richardson. ''Trails of Tears Minnesota's Dakota Indian Exile Begins.''&nbsp; FHL book 977.6 H2bm
  
*''List of Pensioners on the Roll, January 1, 1883: ...as Called for by Senate Resolution of December 8, 1882''. Volume 4. 1883. Reprint. Arvada, Colorado: Ancestor Publishers, 1990. (Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=618913&disp=List+of+pensioners+on+the+roll%2C+Januar++ fiche 6334560].) No circulation to Family History Centers. The list includes more than 4,000 names of Civil War or War of 1812 veterans or the name their widow. Arranged by county names in alphabetical order, then by post office addresses in alphabetical order; persons’ names are not in any particular order. Information includes the pensioner’s name, post office address, reason for pension, amount of money received each month, and date the pension was originally awarded. Unindexed.
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=== Spanish-American War (1898)<br>  ===
  
'''Grand Army of the Republic (GAR)'''. In 1890, about 40 percent of the Civil War veterans were members of the Grand Army of the Republic (GAR). The descriptive books of each GAR post usually indicate each member’s name, age, rank, birthplace, residence, occupation, and enlistment and discharge information. The descriptive books and other records of many GAR posts are at the Minnesota Historical Society.  
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The Spanish-American War was largely fought in Cuba and the Philippines. Spanish-American War records might exist in the state from which the soldier served or in a state where the veteran later resided.  
  
=== '''Unit Histories''' ===
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'''Indexes'''  
  
An important inventory for finding Civil War military histories in Minnesota is:
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*{{RecordSearch|1919699|United States, General Index to Pension Files, 1861-1934}} (NARA T288). (FamilySearch) Free digital copy. The index covers veterans of the Civil War, '''Spanish‑American War,''' Philippine Insurrection, Boxer Rebellion (1900 to 1901), and the regular Army, Navy, and Marine forces. ([[United States, General Index to Pension Files (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Learn more.]])
  
'''Civil War Unit Histories'''<nowiki>:</nowiki>''The Union—Midwest and West''. (Part 4.) Bethesda, Maryland: University Publications of America, 1993. (Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=426900&disp=A+Guide+to+the+microfiche+edition+of+Civ%20%20&columns=*,0,0 book 973 M2cwu pt.4].) The library has the large microfiche collection described in this guide. Use the library catalog to find individual items. This may include correspondence, diaries, memoirs, and regimental histories published before 1920. The guide shows the unit name, counties where it was raised, author, title, publication information, number of pages, and source repository. This guide also includes an author index and a major engagements index.
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*{{RecordSearch|1919583|United States, Index to Service Records, War with Spain, 1898}} (FamilySearch) Free digital copy. ([[United States, Index to Service Records of Volunteer Soldiers in the War with Spain (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Learn more.]])
  
=== '''Soldiers Home Records'''  ===
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Minnesota raised four volunteer regiments for service in the Spanish-American War. About 5,000 men served with those regiments. Four Minnesota soldiers were killed in action; more than 80 died of disease.
  
Records of the state operated soldiers home in Minneapolis are found in the Minnesota State Historical Society Library. They include resident admission and discharge records, history of residents’ military service, and clinical records.
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Rosters of those who served are included in:
  
=== Dakota Conflict (Sioux Uprising, 1862)  ===
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*Holbrook, Franklin F. ''Minnesota in the Spanish-American War and the Philippine Insurrection''. St. Paul, Minnesota: Minnesota War Records Commission, 1923. (Family History Library {{FHL|61966|title-id|disp=film 1654701}}.) Includes brief regimental histories of the Minnesota volunteer units, followed by rosters of Minnesotans who served between 1898 and 1902 in those units and in other branches of service—more than 8,000 names. Information includes name, age, birthplace, residence, regiment, and dates mustered in and out. Includes an index to names in the rosters and a general index.
  
The Dakota Conflict, sometimes called the Sioux Uprising or Sioux War of 1862, erupted in Minnesota during the Civil War. Driven by hunger and broken promises, some Dakota Indians attacked settlements in the Minnesota River Valley in mid-August 1862. Although not long, the Dakota Conflict claimed the lives of hundreds of Dakota people and white settlers. The unrest that persisted following the conflict caused many Dakota Indians to flee to the Dakota Territory or to Canada.
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:*A database created from this book is available on Ancestry.com at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=4816 Minnesota Volunteers in the Spanish American War and the Philippine Insurrection] (Ancestry) ($)
  
Records of troops in federal service who took part in the Dakota Conflict are included with Civil War records. Names of those who served with local militia units are included as an appendix to Minnesota in the Civil and Indian Wars, 1861–1865, volume 1, described above. Names of more than 200 white settlers and many Indians who died in the Dakota Conflict are included in:
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Click on the link to learn more about the [[Spanish-American War, 1898|Spanish American War]].  
  
*Satterlee, Marion P. ''A Detailed Account of the Massacre by the Dakota Indians in 1862: with Names of all Victims [and a] Complete List of Indians Killed in Battle.''. Minneapolis, Minnesota: M. P. Satterlee, [1923]. (Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=618689&disp=A+detailed+account+of+the+massacre+by+th++ film 1671601 item 7].)
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=== Philippine Insurrection (1899–1902) ===
  
=== Spanish-American War (1898) and Philippine Insurrection (1899–1902)  ===
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Minnesota was one of a few states that provided volunteers during the Philippine Insurrection. Rosters of those who served are included in:
  
Minnesota raised four volunteer regiments for service in the Spanish-American War. About 5,000 men served with those regiments. Four Minnesota soldiers were killed in action; more than 80 died of disease. Minnesota was one of a few states that also provided volunteers during the Philippine Insurrection. Rosters of those who served in both conflicts are included in:
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*Holbrook, Franklin F. ''Minnesota in the Spanish-American War and the Philippine Insurrection''. St. Paul, Minnesota: Minnesota War Records Commission, 1923. (Family History Library {{FHL|61966|title-id|disp=film 1654701}}.) Includes brief regimental histories of the Minnesota volunteer units, followed by rosters of Minnesotans who served between 1898 and 1902 in those units and in other branches of service—more than 8,000 names. Information includes name, age, birthplace, residence, regiment, and dates mustered in and out. Includes an index to names in the rosters and a general index.
  
*Holbrook, Franklin F. ''Minnesota in the Spanish-American War and the Philippine Insurrection''. St. Paul, Minnesota: Minnesota War Records Commission, 1923. (Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=61966&disp=Minnesota+in+the+Spanish-American+War+++ film 1654701].) Includes brief regimental histories of the Minnesota volunteer units, followed by rosters of Minnesotans who served between 1898 and 1902 in those units and in other branches of service—more than 8,000 names. Information includes name, age, birthplace, residence, regiment, and dates mustered in and out. Includes an index to names in the rosters and a general index.
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:*A database created from this book is available on Ancestry.com at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=4816 Minnesota Volunteers in the Spanish American War and the Philippine Insurrection] (Ancestry) ($)
  
Names of those who filed for pensions based on service in these two conflicts are included in the General Index to Pension Files, 1861–1934, described in [[United States Military Records|United States Military Records]].  
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Names of those who filed for pensions based on service are included in the General Index to Pension Files, 1861–1934, described in [[United States Military Records|United States Military Records]].  
  
=== World War I (1917–1918)  ===
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=== World War I (1917-1918)  ===
  
World War I draft registration cards for men ages 18 to 45 may list address, birth date, birthplace, race, nationality, citizenship, and next of kin. Not all registrants served in the war. For registration cards for Minnesota, see:
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World War I was a global war fought on multiple continents with several nations involved. Over four million men and women served from the United States.  
  
*United States. Selective Service System. ''Minnesota, World War I Selective Service System Draft Registration Cards, 1917–1918''. National Archives Microfilm Publication M1509. Washington, D.C.: National Archives, 1987–1988. (On 94 Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&titleno=378717&disp=World+War+I+Selective+Service+System+dra++&first=1801&last=1900&columns=*,0,0 films beginning with 1675275].)
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*United States. Selective Service System. ''Minnesota, World War I Selective Service System Draft Registration Cards, 1917–1918''. National Archives Microfilm Publication M1509. Washington, D.C.: National Archives, 1987–1988. (On 94 Family History Library {{FHL|378717|title-id|disp=films beginning with 1675275}}) Also available at:<br>
  
To find an individual’s draft card, it helps to know his name and residence at the time of registration. The cards are arranged alphabetically by county, within the county by draft board, and then alphabetically by surname within each draft board.
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:*{{RecordSearch|1968530|United States, World War One Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918}} (FamilySearch) - free
  
Most counties had only one board, large cities had several. Maps showing the boundaries of individual draft boards in Minneapolis and St. Paul are included in:
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[[United States World War I Draft Records|United States World War I Draft Records]] provides additional information.  
  
*United States. Selective Service System. ''List of World War One Draft Board Maps''. Washington, D.C.: National Archives, 19––. (Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=641275&disp=List+of+World+War+One+draft+board+maps++ film 1498803].)
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'''Haller’s Army'''  
  
Finding an ancestor’s street address in a city directory will help you in using the draft board map. See [[Minnesota Directories]].
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During World War I, the Polish Army in France, commonly called Haller’s Army, recruited about 20,000 soldiers from among Poles living in the United States. Two forms that contain genealogical information were filled out by the recruits. Form A contains each volunteer’s name, address, marital status, number of children, how his family would be supported if he was accepted into service, whether volunteer was an American citizen, his age, physical description, signature, recruiting station, and the date. Form C contains additional information such as the volunteer’s birth date and place, the addresses of his closest relative in America and of his closest relative in Poland, his previous military service, and remarks. All volumes of the collection are available through:  
 
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'''Haller’s Army'''. During World War I, the Polish Army in France, commonly called Haller’s Army, recruited about 20,000 soldiers from among Poles living in the United States. Two forms that contain genealogical information were filled out by the recruits. Form A contains each volunteer’s name, address, marital status, number of children, how his family would be supported if he was accepted into service, whether volunteer was an American citizen, his age, physical description, signature, recruiting station, and the date. Form C contains additional information such as the volunteer’s birth date and place, the addresses of his closest relative in America and of his closest relative in Poland, his previous military service, and remarks. All volumes of the collection are available through:  
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PGS of America<br>ATTN: Haller’s Army Request<br>984N. Milwaukee Avenue<br>Chicago, IL 60622 <br>Internet: [http://www.pgsa.org/haller.htm www.pgsa.org/haller.htm]  
 
PGS of America<br>ATTN: Haller’s Army Request<br>984N. Milwaukee Avenue<br>Chicago, IL 60622 <br>Internet: [http://www.pgsa.org/haller.htm www.pgsa.org/haller.htm]  
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*''United States (with Some from Ontario, Canada) Recruits for the Polish Army in France, 1917–1919&nbsp;A microfilm copy of the Form A records only is:''
 
*''United States (with Some from Ontario, Canada) Recruits for the Polish Army in France, 1917–1919&nbsp;A microfilm copy of the Form A records only is:''
  
''United States (with Some from Ontario, Canada) Recruits for the Polish Army in France, 1917–1919: States Represented most Frequently are New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Connecticut, Missouri, Pennsylvania, Wisconsin, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Delaware, Nebraska &amp; Kansas (for Complete Breakdown See Film Inventory). Salt Lake City: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1995. (On 11 FHL ''[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=761933&disp=United+States+(with+some+from+Ontario++ films beginning with 1993525.]'') ''The forms are in Polish, but at the beginning of each film is a blank form printed in English. The records are not organized by locality, and Minnesota recruits are represented on almost every film. There is, however, an alphabetical list of volunteers for each item.  
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''United States (with Some from Ontario, Canada) Recruits for the Polish Army in France, 1917–1919: States Represented most Frequently are New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Connecticut, Missouri, Pennsylvania, Wisconsin, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Delaware, Nebraska &amp; Kansas (for Complete Breakdown See Film Inventory). Salt Lake City: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1995. (On 11 FHL ''{{FHL|761933|title-id|disp=films beginning with 1993525.}}'') ''The forms are in Polish, but at the beginning of each film is a blank form printed in English. The records are not organized by locality, and Minnesota recruits are represented on almost every film. There is, however, an alphabetical list of volunteers for each item.  
  
=== World War II (1941–1945)  ===
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=== World War II (1941-1945)  ===
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On April 27, 1942, the Selective Service conducted the fourth of six draft registrations related to WWII. The "World War II Selective Service Draft Cards: Fourth Registration, 1942" is often referred to as the “Old Man’s Registration” or the “Old Man’s Draft" because it included men with a date of birth from April 28, 1877 to February 16, 1897. Since there is overlap in the WWI and WWII Selective Service registration, men born in the years 1877 to 1900 may have registered twice and have both WWII and WWI draft records.
 +
 
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*{{RecordSearch|1339071|United States, World War II Draft Registration Cards, 1942 (Image Browse)}} (FamilySearch) - free
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*{{RecordSearch|1861144|United States, World War II Draft Registration Cards, 1942}} (images with partial index) (FamilySearch) - free
 +
 
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:Also available at:<br>
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*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1002 Ancestry] ($)
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*[http://www.fold3.com/title_765/wwii_old_mans_draft_registration_cards Fold3] ($).
  
 
Lists of dead and missing soldiers who served during World War II, arranged alphabetically by county, are in:  
 
Lists of dead and missing soldiers who served during World War II, arranged alphabetically by county, are in:  
  
*''Minnesota’s World War II Army Dead.'' Brooklyn Park, Minnesota: Park Genealogical Books, 1994. (Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=724427&disp=Minnesota%27s+World+War+II+army+dead%20%20&columns=*,0,0 book 977.6 A1 no.135].) It includes 6,462 names and indicates the soldier’s rank and cause of death.
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*''Minnesota’s World War II Army Dead.'' Brooklyn Park, Minnesota: Park Genealogical Books, 1994. (Family History Library {{FHL|724427|title-id|disp=book 977.6 A1 no.135}}.) It includes 6,462 names and indicates the soldier’s rank and cause of death.
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[[World War II United States Military Records, 1941 to 1945|World War II United States Military Records]] provides additional information.
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=== Korean War (1950–1953)  ===
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The Korean War was a conflict between North Korea (and its communist allies) and South Korea (with support of the United Nations, primarily the United States). See the [[United States Korean War 1950 to 1953|Korean War ]] wiki article for information on records and their availability.
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=== Vietnam War (1964–1972)  ===
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The Vietnam War was a conflict between North Vietnam (and its communist allies) and South Vietnam (with support of its anti-communist allies, including the United States). See the [[United States Vietnam War 1964 to 1972|Vietnam War]] wiki article for information on records and their availability.  
  
 
=== Other Records  ===
 
=== Other Records  ===
Line 142: Line 183:
 
==== Military Cemeteries&nbsp;  ====
 
==== Military Cemeteries&nbsp;  ====
  
[http://people.mnhs.org/vgri/ Minnesota Veterans Graves] Registration index - a list of Veterans buried in Minnesota - 1857 - 1975.&nbsp; It also includes a birth and death index.&nbsp;  
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[http://people.mnhs.org/vgri/ Minnesota Veterans Graves] Registration index - a list of Veterans buried in Minnesota - 1857 - 1975.&nbsp; It also includes a birth and death index.&nbsp;
 
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==== War of 1812  ====
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*[http://www.genealogycenter.info/search_minnesota1812.php War of 1812 Pensioners in Minnesota, 1883] (includes pensioners and widows). Abstracted from&nbsp;the U.S. Pension Bureau's ''List of Pensioners on the Roll January 1, 1883'', volume IV.
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== References  ==
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''[[Minnesota|Minnesota]]''.&nbsp;Salt Lake City, Utah: Intellectual Reserve, Inc., Family History Department,&nbsp;1998, 2001. NOTE: All information in the original research outline has been added to the FamilySearch Wiki, where it is both enhanced and updated by the genealogical community.
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<br>{{Minnesota|Minnesota}} {{State Military Records}}
  
 
[[Category:Minnesota|Military]]
 
[[Category:Minnesota|Military]]

Latest revision as of 16:11, 2 November 2012

The Siege of New Ulm Minn.jpg

United States Gotoarrow.png U.S. Military Gotoarrow.png Minnesota Gotoarrow.png Military Records

Military records identify millions of individuals who served in the military or who were eligible for service. Evidence that an ancestor actually served may be found in family traditions (or legends), census records, naturalization records, biographies, cemetery records, and records of veterans’ organizations.

Many military records are found at the Family History Library, the National Archives, the Minnesota Historical Society, and other federal and state archives. United States Military Records provides more information on federal military records and search strategies.

Contents

Forts

Forts were authorized by the federal government, built to house and maintain the military who were to assist in maintaining peace by enforcing treaties and providing protection to settlers.

References

Encyclopedia of Indian Wars Western Battles and Skirmishes 1850-1890. By Gregory F. Michno. Mountain Press Publishing Co., Missoula, Montana C. 2003 ISBN 0-887842-468-7

War of 1812 (1812-1815)

The War of 1812 between Britain and the United States confirmed the separate existence of the United States and the future Canada.

See the Wiki article, Minnesota in the War of 1812, for information concerning military records, histories, links to relevant web sites, etc. for Minnesota.

There are helpful nationwide records for soldiers of the War of 1812. For more information, see United States in the War of 1812.

Although Minnesota did not exist as a state during the War of 1812, records exist for War of 1812 veterans that later settled in Minnesota.

Explanation of the Major Record Types

  • Pearson, Thomas A., comp. Genealogical Records of the War of 1812: an Introduction and Selected Bibliography of Materials in the Collection of St. Louis Public Library. (St. Louis, Missouri: St. Louis Public Library, July 2004).

Pension Records

  • Pensioners on the roll (living in Minnesota) as of 1 January 1883 : with every name index (Brooklyn Park, Minnesota: Park Genealogical Books, 1994) pages 83 FHL Book 977.6 M2

Burial Records

  • Finnell, Arthur Louis. Known War of 1812 Veterans Buried in Minnesota. Roseville, Minnesota: Park Genealogical Books, 1997 (FHL book 977.6 V3f.) Includes the name, place of birth and death, name of spouse, and where married. Also includes the soldier’s service record with dates and his residence at time of death.

Mexican War (1846-1848)

The Mexican War was caused by the annexation of Texas by the United States in 1845. Most volunteer regiments were from southern states. Records of Mexican War veterans might exist in a state where the veteran later resided.

  • Mexican War Index to Pension Files, 1887–1926. (NARA T317). FHL films 0537000–13 Alphabetically arranged and includes the veteran’s name, rank, and unit; names of dependents; date of filing and application; certificate numbers; act filed under; and state from which application was made. Also available at:
  • Robarts, William Hugh. Mexican War Veterans : A Complete Roster of the Regular and Volunteer Troops in the War Between the United States and Mexico, from 1846-1848… Washington, D.C. : Brentano’s, 1887. FHL book 973 M2rwh Digital version available at Internet Archive.

Although Minnesota did not exist as a state during the time of the Mexican War, men who served in that war were eligible for military bounty land in Minnesota. (See Minnesota Land and Property.)

Click on these links to learn more about the Mexican War and about Mexican War pension records.

Civil War (1861–1865)

See Minnesota in the Civil War for information about Minnesota Civil War records, web sites, etc. with links to articles about the Minnesota regiments involved in the Civil War. The regimental pages often include lists of the companies with links to the counties where the companies started. Men in the companies often lived in the counties where the companies were raised. Knowing a county can help when researching more about the soldiers and their families.

The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System allows name searching for soldiers. The result set gives the regiments for the soldiers. Then you can check the Wiki regiment pages to determine counties. Often knowing the counties that had men in a regiment will help you determine if a soldier was your ancestor.

Soldiers' Home Records

Records of the state operated soldiers' home in Minneapolis are found in the Minnesota State Historical Society Library. They include resident admission and discharge records, history of residents’ military service, and clinical records.

Indian Wars (1780s-1890s)

Dakota Conflict (Sioux Uprising, 1862)

The Dakota Conflict, sometimes called the Sioux Uprising or Sioux War of 1862, erupted in Minnesota during the Civil War. Driven by hunger and broken promises, some Dakota Indians attacked settlements in the Minnesota River Valley in mid-August 1862. Although not long, the Dakota Conflict claimed the lives of hundreds of Dakota people and white settlers. The unrest that persisted following the conflict caused many Dakota Indians to flee to the Dakota Territory or to Canada.

Records of troops in federal service who took part in the Dakota Conflict are included with Civil War records. Names of those who served with local militia units are included as an appendix to Minnesota in the Civil and Indian Wars, 1861–1865, volume 1, described above. Names of more than 200 white settlers and many Indians who died in the Dakota Conflict are included in:

  • Satterlee, Marion P. A Detailed Account of the Massacre by the Dakota Indians in 1862: with Names of all Victims [and a] Complete List of Indians Killed in Battle.. Minneapolis, Minnesota: M. P. Satterlee, [1923]. (Family History Library <img _fck_mw_template="true" _fckrealelement="10" _fckfakelement="true" src="https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/extensions/FCKeditor/fckeditor/editor/images/spacer.gif" class="FCK__MWTemplate">.)

  • Bakeman, Mary Hawker and Antona M. Richardson. Trails of Tears Minnesota's Dakota Indian Exile Begins.  FHL book 977.6 H2bm

Spanish-American War (1898)

The Spanish-American War was largely fought in Cuba and the Philippines. Spanish-American War records might exist in the state from which the soldier served or in a state where the veteran later resided.

Indexes

Minnesota raised four volunteer regiments for service in the Spanish-American War. About 5,000 men served with those regiments. Four Minnesota soldiers were killed in action; more than 80 died of disease.

Rosters of those who served are included in:

  • Holbrook, Franklin F. Minnesota in the Spanish-American War and the Philippine Insurrection. St. Paul, Minnesota: Minnesota War Records Commission, 1923. (Family History Library film 1654701.) Includes brief regimental histories of the Minnesota volunteer units, followed by rosters of Minnesotans who served between 1898 and 1902 in those units and in other branches of service—more than 8,000 names. Information includes name, age, birthplace, residence, regiment, and dates mustered in and out. Includes an index to names in the rosters and a general index.

Click on the link to learn more about the Spanish American War.

Philippine Insurrection (1899–1902)

Minnesota was one of a few states that provided volunteers during the Philippine Insurrection. Rosters of those who served are included in:

  • Holbrook, Franklin F. Minnesota in the Spanish-American War and the Philippine Insurrection. St. Paul, Minnesota: Minnesota War Records Commission, 1923. (Family History Library film 1654701.) Includes brief regimental histories of the Minnesota volunteer units, followed by rosters of Minnesotans who served between 1898 and 1902 in those units and in other branches of service—more than 8,000 names. Information includes name, age, birthplace, residence, regiment, and dates mustered in and out. Includes an index to names in the rosters and a general index.

Names of those who filed for pensions based on service are included in the General Index to Pension Files, 1861–1934, described in United States Military Records.

World War I (1917-1918)

World War I was a global war fought on multiple continents with several nations involved. Over four million men and women served from the United States.

  • United States. Selective Service System. Minnesota, World War I Selective Service System Draft Registration Cards, 1917–1918. National Archives Microfilm Publication M1509. Washington, D.C.: National Archives, 1987–1988. (On 94 Family History Library films beginning with 1675275) Also available at:

United States World War I Draft Records provides additional information.

Haller’s Army

During World War I, the Polish Army in France, commonly called Haller’s Army, recruited about 20,000 soldiers from among Poles living in the United States. Two forms that contain genealogical information were filled out by the recruits. Form A contains each volunteer’s name, address, marital status, number of children, how his family would be supported if he was accepted into service, whether volunteer was an American citizen, his age, physical description, signature, recruiting station, and the date. Form C contains additional information such as the volunteer’s birth date and place, the addresses of his closest relative in America and of his closest relative in Poland, his previous military service, and remarks. All volumes of the collection are available through:

PGS of America
ATTN: Haller’s Army Request
984N. Milwaukee Avenue
Chicago, IL 60622
Internet: www.pgsa.org/haller.htm

A name index is on the Internet at:

  • Haller’s Army Index. In Polish Genealogical Society of America [Internet site]. [Chicago, Illinois: PGSA], 1998 [cited 17 July 1999]. You can search by surname and first name. The index shows the volunteer’s surname and given name, the town and state where he volunteered, his form (Form A or C described above, or L [loose papers]), and page number.

A microfilm copy of the Form A records only is:

  • United States (with Some from Ontario, Canada) Recruits for the Polish Army in France, 1917–1919 A microfilm copy of the Form A records only is:

United States (with Some from Ontario, Canada) Recruits for the Polish Army in France, 1917–1919: States Represented most Frequently are New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Connecticut, Missouri, Pennsylvania, Wisconsin, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Delaware, Nebraska & Kansas (for Complete Breakdown See Film Inventory). Salt Lake City: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1995. (On 11 FHL films beginning with 1993525.) The forms are in Polish, but at the beginning of each film is a blank form printed in English. The records are not organized by locality, and Minnesota recruits are represented on almost every film. There is, however, an alphabetical list of volunteers for each item.

World War II (1941-1945)

On April 27, 1942, the Selective Service conducted the fourth of six draft registrations related to WWII. The "World War II Selective Service Draft Cards: Fourth Registration, 1942" is often referred to as the “Old Man’s Registration” or the “Old Man’s Draft" because it included men with a date of birth from April 28, 1877 to February 16, 1897. Since there is overlap in the WWI and WWII Selective Service registration, men born in the years 1877 to 1900 may have registered twice and have both WWII and WWI draft records.

Also available at:

Lists of dead and missing soldiers who served during World War II, arranged alphabetically by county, are in:

  • Minnesota’s World War II Army Dead. Brooklyn Park, Minnesota: Park Genealogical Books, 1994. (Family History Library book 977.6 A1 no.135.) It includes 6,462 names and indicates the soldier’s rank and cause of death.

World War II United States Military Records provides additional information.

Korean War (1950–1953)

The Korean War was a conflict between North Korea (and its communist allies) and South Korea (with support of the United Nations, primarily the United States). See the Korean War wiki article for information on records and their availability.

Vietnam War (1964–1972)

The Vietnam War was a conflict between North Vietnam (and its communist allies) and South Vietnam (with support of its anti-communist allies, including the United States). See the Vietnam War wiki article for information on records and their availability.

Other Records

The Minnesota Historical Society Library has a collection on 88 rolls of microfilm of military service record cards for Minnesotans entering federal service from the state militia or National Guard. These cover conflicts from the Civil War through World War I, including the Spanish- American War. These cards are arranged by war and branch of service, then alphabetically by soldier’s family name. They give name, age or date of birth, sometimes birthplace, and dates and places of service. The microfilms can be used through the interlibrary loan service of your public library. For film numbers, contact the Minnesota Historical Society Library.

The Minnesota Historical Society has a number of other military records, including a few muster rolls dating from the late 1800s for state militia and National Guard units. The Society also has copies of more than half the original induction records of the 60,000 Minnesota men drafted into service in World War I, records of World War I veterans who applied for bonuses, records of the Minnesota Veterans Home in Minneapolis, established in 1887, and some records from veterans’ organizations. For descriptions of these and other records, see Genealogical Resources of the Minnesota Historical Society: A Guide cited in Minnesota Archives and Libraries.

Information may also be obtained from Fort Snelling National Cemetery (7601 34th Avenue South, Fort Snelling Minnesota 55111, telephone 612-726-1127). Veterans from the Civil War through recent conflicts are buried at the Fort Snelling cemetery. Minneapolis also has a national cemetery and an office of the Veterans Administration.

Other useful military records are listed in the Locality Search of the Family History Library Catalog under:

MINNESOTA – MILITARY RECORDS

MINNESOTA – MILITARY HISTORY

MINNESOTA, [COUNTY] – MILITARY RECORDS

Military Cemeteries 

Minnesota Veterans Graves Registration index - a list of Veterans buried in Minnesota - 1857 - 1975.  It also includes a birth and death index. 



 

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