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United States Gotoarrow.png American Indian Research Gotoarrow.png Indians of California Gotoarrow.png Mission Indian Agency (California)


Contents

Indian Tribes Associated With This Agency

The Mission Indians of California, including the Cahuilla, Cupeno, Serrano, and the Luiseno bands

History

The Mission Agency was originally established in 1865 for various bands of the Mission Indians of California[1][2].

On 16 November 1920, the Campo School, Pala School, and Soboba School jurisdictions were consolidated into the Mission Agency. It was divided into Northern Mission and Southern Mission, 25 November 1921 and was again consolidated, 21 April 1922.

In 1948 the Mission Agency was consolidated with the Sacramento Agency and the Hoopa Valley Agency to form the California Agency[3] and the jurisdiction over the tribes which had been under the Mission Agency was assumed by the Riverside Area Office when it was established in 1955.

Agents and appointment dates

John Q. A. Stanley  May 8, 1865, Lt. Augustus P. Greene October 6, 1869, John R. tansey December 12, 1870


Records

Many records of the Mission Agency are in the Pacific Regional Archives of the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) in Laguna Niguel[4], including:

  • Register of vital statistics, 1922-1947
  • School census records, 1922-1930
  • Health reports, 1923-1932
  • Individual history cards, 1924-1941
  • Soboba Indian Hospital birth and death certificates, 1927-1947
  • Pala family history narratives, 1931
  • Individual Indian files, 1933-1947
  • Degree of Indian blood cards, 1936
  • Heirship cards, 1940
  • Records of subagencies reporting the Mission Agency, including:

Reports of Inspection of the Field Jurisdictions of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1873-1900 have been microfilmed by the National Archives as part of Microcopy Number M1070. The reports for Mission Agency, 1881-1900 are on roll 26 of that Microcopy set.[5] Copies are available at the National Archives, their Regional Archives, and at the Family History Library and its family history centers (their microfilm roll number 1617699).

The 1900 federal census included population schedules for the Mission Indian Reservation. The census includes the non-Indian employees of the Mission Agency, as well as many pages of Indian Population Schedules for the native population of the Reservation. They are recorded as District 247, Mission Indian Reservation, in Riverside County, California.

Microfilm copies of ...Narrative and Statistical Reports... for the Mission Agency, 1921-1938, are included in National Archives Microcopy M1011, Rolls 83-87[6], available in the National Archives system and in the collections of the Family History Library in Salt Lake City (their microfilm numbers 1724301-1724305). Reports for some years are missing.

Annual Indian Census Rolls were taken at this agency for 1922 thru 1939. These rolls have been microfilmed by the National Archives as part of their Microcopy Number M595, Rolls 260-267[7]. Copies of these records are also available at the National Archives, their Regional Archives, and at the Family History Library and its family history centers (their microfilm numbers 579670-579677). These census rolls are also available online at Ancestry.com's subscription web site.

Census Records, 1931-1943. FHL film: 1249980 Items 1-3

References

  1. Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974, pp. 23-24.
  2. Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981, p. 180.
  3. Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981, p. 180.
  4. Guide to Federal Records, Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, Record Group 75. Available online.
  5. American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998, Microcopy 1070, p. 48
  6. American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998, Microcopy 1011, p. 27
  7. American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998, Microcopy 595, p. 51.
  • American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998.
  • Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981.
  • Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974.
  • Historical Sketches for Jurisdictional and Subject Headings Used for the Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880. National Archives Microcopy T1105.
  • Preliminary Inventory No. 163: Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Services. Available online
  • "Accompanying Pamphlet for Microcopy 1011", National Archives Microfilm Publications, Appendix.

 

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