Missouri Census

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[[Portal:United States Census|Portal:United States Census ]]>[[Missouri|Missouri]]  
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''[[United States|United States ]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]]  [[United States Census|U.S. Census ]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]]  [[Missouri|Missouri]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]]  [[Missouri_Census|Census]]''
  
== Availability  ==
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{| width="100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
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|-
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| width="44%" | __TOC__
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| valign="middle" | <center><font size="+1">'''Tips'''</font></center>
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*If at first you don't find a name, try again under [[Spelling Substitution Tables for the United States and Canada|another spelling]].
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*[[Copying Sources|Photocopy]] each ancestor's census. Identify where you found it.
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*Look for an ancestor in '''''every''''' census during her or his lifetime.
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*On the [[Adding a Custom Event to a PAF Family Group Record|family group record]] show&nbsp;each person's census listings.
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*Study&nbsp;others in the same household, neighbors, and anyone with the similar names nearby on the census in [[Research a Family in Community Context|community context]].
  
Many federal census records&nbsp;(1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880, 1900, 1910, 1920, and 1930) are at the following archives: *[http://shs.umsystem.edu/census/index.shtml State Historical Society of Missouri] (University of Missouri–Columbia Campus) *[http://www.sos.mo.gov/archives/resources/census.asp Missouri State Archives] (Jefferson City) *The Family History Library *The National Archives The 1890 census schedules for Missouri and most other states were destroyed in a fire on 21 January 1921 at the Commerce Department in Washington, D.C. Missouri state censuses or transcriptions of those census records are available at: *The State Historical Society in Columbia and the Family History Library.<br>Residents of Missouri may borrow microfilm of federal census records through 1880 from the Missouri State Historical Society on [http://shs.umsystem.edu/research/ill.shtml interlibrary] loan through public or college libraries. State census microfilm. [[Soundex|Soundexes]], and other indexes may not be borrowed.<br>
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<br>  
  
== Historical Background  ==
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*For a list of the exact date of each federal census, [[Missouri Censuses Existing and Lost|click here]].
  
Federal censuses for the state of Missouri begin with 1830 and were taken every ten years. Census records become public 72 years after the census was taken. See the United States Research Outline for more information about nationwide census records and indexes. Census records from 1850 on can show names of each member of the household, his or her age, state or country of birth, occupation and race. Censuses can also give clues about marital status, marriage dates, death dates, immigration and naturalization information, migration patterns, previous residence, adoptions, and divorces. (See the United States Research Outline for more details.) Censuses for 1840 and earlier list only heads of families. Most families were listed when a census taker made his visits, making these records rich in clues. Other persons in the county with the same surname may be related to each other. Statewide indexes can also help to locate families when only the state where they lived is known.<br>
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|}
  
== Indexes ==
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=== Online Missouri indexes and images ===
  
The 1830 through 1870 federal censuses have statewide, head-of-household indexes in book form. These were compiled by various organizations. If an ancestor does not appear in one index, check another for the same year as the handwriting may not have been transcribed correctly. The State Historical Society has individual indexes to each Missouri county for 1840 and 1850.<br>The 1880 (partial), 1900, 1910, and 1920 censuses have [[Soundex|Soundex]] (phonetic) indexes on microfilm. These indexes are available at the State Historical Society, the Family History Library and its branches, and the National Archives — including regional branches and presidential libraries. Many Missouri local genealogical and/or historical societies have prepared individual county indexes for these later census years, including the 1930 census. <br>
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{{Census Online Missouri}}
  
== Special Censuses ==
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=== Federal population schedules ===
  
'''Mortality Schedules''' <br>
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==== Microfilm images ====
<blockquote>The 1850, 1860, 1870, and 1880 censuses included inquiries about persons who had died in the twelve months immediately preceding the enumeration. Mortality schedules list deaths from 1 June through 31 May of 1849–50, 1859–60, 1869-70, and 1879–80. They provide nationwide, state-by-state death registers that predate the recording of vital statistics in most states. While deaths are under-reported, the mortality schedules remain an invaluable source of information. </blockquote><blockquote>Mortality schedules asked the deceased's name, sex, age, color (white, black, mulatto), whether widowed, his or her place of birth (state, territory, or country), the month in which the death occurred, his or her profession/occupation/trade, disease or cause of death, and the number of days ill. In 1870, a place for parents' birthplaces was added. In 1880, the place where a disease was contracted and how long the deceased person was a citizen or resident of the area were included (fractions indicate a period of time less than a year).<ref />Loretto Dennis Szucs and Matthew Wright, "Census Records." &amp;amp;amp;amp;lt;i&amp;amp;amp;amp;gt;The Source: A Guidebook to American Genealogy&amp;amp;amp;amp;lt;/i&amp;amp;amp;amp;gt;, 3d ed., Loretto Dennis Szucs and Sandra Hargreaves Luebking. (Provo, UT&nbsp;: Ancestry, 2006), 196-97.</blockquote>
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== Territorial and State Censuses ==
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The Territory of Missouri took censuses in 1814, 1817, and 1819. The State of Missouri took censuses in 1821, then every four years beginning in 1824 through 1868, and in 1876. Most of these Territorial and State Censuses no longer exist. Listed below are copies currently available. At the [http://shs.umsystem.edu/census/statecensus.shtml State Historical Society of Missouri] (University of Missouri–Columbia Campus): *'''1817''' - St. Charles Territorial Censuses (transcription) *'''1819''' - St. Charles Territorial Censuses (transcription) *'''1840''' - Rives County [now Henry County] (transcription) *'''1844''' - Callaway County (microfilm), Marion County (transcription) *'''1852''' - St. Charles County (transcription) *'''1864''' - Gasconade County (transcription) *'''1868''' - Cape Girardeau, Ste. Genevieve, and Webster counties (all microfilm) *'''1876''' - Benton, Callaway, Cape Girardeau, Christian, Greene, Holt, Howard, McDonald, Montgomery, Osage, Phelps, Reynolds, St. Francois counties (all microfilm) Butler, Iron and Texas counties (transcriptions). At the [http://www.sos.mo.gov/archives/resources/census.asp Missouri State Archives] (Jefferson City): *'''1840''' - New Madrid, Newton, Pike, Randolph, Ray, Rives (later Henry), Shelby, Stoddard and Warren counties (all transcriptions) *'''1844''' - Callaway County (microfilm); Greene County (transcription) *'''1868''' - Cape Girardeau County (microfilm)<br>
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{| width="745" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
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|+ '''Federal Census Microfilms Available from the [[Family History Library|Family History Library]]'''  
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|-
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| 1940 N/A
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| {{FHL|637143|title-id|disp=1900 and Soundex}}
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| {{FHL|705435|title-id|disp=1860&nbsp;}}&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
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|-
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| {{FHL|1037435|title-id|disp=1930}}
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| {{FHL|650144|title-id|disp=1900 and Soundex}}
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| {{FHL|744488|title-id|disp=1850}}
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|-
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| {{FHL|574799|title-id|disp=1920&nbsp;and Soundex}}
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| {{FHL|676481|title-id|disp=1880 and Soundex}}
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| {{FHL|745497|title-id|disp=1840}}
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|-
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| {{FHL|638147|title-id|disp=1910 and soundex}}
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| {{FHL|698906|title-id|disp=1870}}
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| {{FHL|745497|title-id|disp=1830}}
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|}
  
== <br>Web Sites  ==
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<br>  
  
Ancestry:&nbsp; [http://www.ancestry.com http://www.ancestry.com]  
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{| width="745" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
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|+ '''Federal Census Microfilms Available from the [[National Archives and Records Administration|National Archives]]'''
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|-
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| 1940 N/A
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1910/part-03.html#missouri 1910 T624] and [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1910/part-02.html#missouri Soundex T1270]
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-05.html#missouri 1870 M593]&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-02.html#1840 1840 M704]
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|-
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| [http://1930census.archives.gov/beginSearch.asp 1930 T626]
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1900/part-07.html#missouri 1900 T623]&nbsp;and [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1900/part-04.html#missouri Soundex T1055]
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-04.html#missouri 1860 M653]
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-02.html#1830 1830 M19]
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|-
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1920/part-08.html#missouri 1920 T625]&nbsp;and [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1920/part-03.html#missouri Soundex M1571]
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-07.html#missouri 1880 T9] and [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-06.html#missouri Soundex T758]
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-03.html#missouri 1850 M432]
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|
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|-
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| &nbsp;
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|
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| &nbsp;
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|
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| &nbsp;
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|}
  
Heritage Quest Online:&nbsp; [http://www.heritagequestonline.com http://www.heritagequestonline.com]
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<br>Many federal census records&nbsp;(1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880, 1900, 1910, 1920, and 1930) are at the following archives:  
  
Census Online:&nbsp; [http://www.census-online.com/links/MO/ http://www.census-online.com/links/MO/]  
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*[http://shs.umsystem.edu/census/index.shtml State Historical Society of Missouri] (University of Missouri–Columbia Campus)
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*[http://www.sos.mo.gov/archives/resources/census.asp Missouri State Archives] (Jefferson City)
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*The Family History Library
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*The National Archives
  
Genealogy Today:&nbsp; [http://dir.genealogytoday.com/usa/mo/census.html http://dir.genealogytoday.com/usa/mo/census.html]  
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Residents of Missouri may borrow microfilm of federal census records through 1880 from the Missouri State Historical Society on [http://shs.umsystem.edu/research/ill.shtml interlibrary] loan through public or college libraries. State census microfilm. [[Soundex|Soundexes]], and other indexes may not be borrowed.
  
Access Genealogy:&nbsp; [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/census/missouri.htm http://www.accessgenealogy.com/census/missouri.htm]
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==== Indexes: fiche, film, or book  ====
  
Mortality Schedules:&nbsp; http://mortalityschedules.com/
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For a list of microform and book indexes for the population schedules of Missouri, [[Missouri Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book|click here]]
  
<br>
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=== Federal non-population schedules  ===
  
== References ==
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==== Online indexes and images ====
  
''[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/search/RG/frameset_rg.asp?Dest=G1&Aid=&Gid=&Lid=&Sid=&Did=&Juris1=&Event=&Year=&Gloss=&Sub=&Tab=&Entry=&Guide=Missouri.ASP Missouri Research Outline]. ''Salt Lake City, Utah: Intellectual Reserve, Inc., Family History Department, 1998, 2001.  
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{| align="center" width="77%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1"
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|-
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9900" colspan="11" | <font size="+1">'''Online Federal Non-Population Schedules for Missouri'''</font>
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|-
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| bgcolor="#ff9900" colspan="2" | <br>
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9966" colspan="3" | '''Free'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#cccccc" colspan="3" | '''Free at Some Libraries''' (usually&nbsp;with&nbsp;library&nbsp;card)
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9900" | '''Pay'''
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|-
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9900" | '''Year'''
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| align="center" width="10%" bgcolor="#ff9900" | '''Type'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9966" | '''Record Search'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9966" | '''Census Bureau'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9966" | '''Google Book'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#cccccc" | '''Heritage Quest'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#cccccc" | '''Ancestry FHL'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#cccccc" | '''Ancestry Library'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9900" | '''Ancestry Home'''
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|-
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| '''1890'''
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| width="20%" | Veterans
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| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1610551 Link]
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8667&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8667&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8667&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
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|-
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| '''1880'''
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| width="20%" | Mortality
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| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1417683 Link]
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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|-
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| '''1870'''
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| Mortality
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| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1438024 Link]
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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|-
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| '''1860'''
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| Slave owner
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://persi.heritagequestonline.com/hqoweb/library/do/census/results/image?urn=urn%3Aproquest%3AUS%3Bcensus%3B8457527%3B-1%3B8%3B18&searchtype=3&offset=1&locthreadid=4479091&hitcount=5479 Link]<ref name="HQSlave">HeritageQuest has slave owner schedule images only.</ref>
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=7668&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=7668&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=7668&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
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|-
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| '''1860'''
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| Mortality
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| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1473181 Link]
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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|-
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| '''1850'''
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| Slave owner
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://persi.heritagequestonline.com/hqoweb/library/do/census/results/image?urn=urn%3Aproquest%3AUS%3Bcensus%3B12159696%3B-1%3B7%3B18&searchtype=3&offset=1&locthreadid=8194799&hitcount=4245 Link]<ref name="HQSlave" />
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8055&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8055&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8055&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
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|-
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| '''1850'''
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| Mortality
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| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1401638 Link]
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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|-
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| '''1840'''
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| Pensioners
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/1840c-01.pdf BookLink]
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| align="center" | [http://books.google.com/books?id=W7JYAAAAMAAJ&dq=1840+census+pensioners&printsec=frontcover&source=bl&ots=W0XUmfgahX&sig=WRyMIVwiePLwKmlxhbchJl1ZeeA&hl=en&ei=SJ0MSvSrBqOMtgf19I2FCA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=10#PPA61,M1 BookLink]
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7678 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7678 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7678 Link]
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|}
  
Federal Many federal census records are found at the Family History Library, State Historical Society of Missouri, the National Archives, and other federal and state archives. The United States Research Outline provides more detailed information about these records. The Family History Library has the U.S. federal censuses of [[Portal:Missouri|Missouri]] for 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880, 1900, 1910, 1920, and 1930. The 1890 census was destroyed. The 1890 Union veterans schedule and published index are available at the Family History Library and at the National Archives. The 90,000 names in the index include some Confederate soldiers. St. Louis Public&nbsp;Library also owns the U.S. federal censuses of Missouri for 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880, 1900, 1910, 1920, and 1930, and in addition owns the&nbsp;1890 Union veterans schedule and published index. SLPL also owns the statewide book indexes and the Soundex indexes mentioned below. Statewide indexes are available for the 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, and 1870 censuses in book format. Separate published indexes for many counties are also available for 1860. Soundex (phonetic) indexes are available on microfilm for part of the 1880 census and all of the 1900, 1910, and 1920 censuses. Mortality schedules (lists of deaths during the year preceding the census) exist for 1850, 1860, 1870, and 1880. The State Historical Society of Missouri has these records. Copies of the schedules and indexes for 1850, 1860, 1870, and 1880 are available at the Family History Library. <!-- Tidy found serious XHTML errors -->Territorial and State A few Spanish censuses were taken as early as 1772. Portions of Missouri were included in the 1810 census of Louisiana Territory. Missouri Territory took censuses in 1814, 1817, 1819, and 1820. The 1820 census was destroyed, but tax and vital records have been published as a substitute. The state of Missouri took censuses in 1821, at four-year intervals from 1824 to 1868, and in 1876. The 1876 census, available for 10 counties, is the most complete. It lists only the heads of households. Most of the other schedules have been destroyed. Copies of the portions that remain are available at the State Historical Society of Missouri, the Family History Library, and the Missouri State Archives, and in some local county offices.
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==== Microfilm images  ====
  
== Web Sites&nbsp;&nbsp;  ==
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{| width="100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
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|-
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| {{FHL|422718|title-id|disp=1850-1880 Mortality Schedules}}
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|
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|}
  
[http://www.archives.gov/ http://www.archives.gov/]
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==== Indexes: fiche, film, or book  ====
  
[http://www.censusfinder.com/missouri.htm http://www.censusfinder.com/missouri.htm]
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For a list of microform and book indexes for the non-population schedules of Missouri, [[Missouri Non-Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book|click here]].  
  
[http://www.slpl.org/ http://www.slpl.org/]
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=== State, territorial, and colonial censuses  ===
  
[[Category:Missouri]]
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The Territory of Missouri took censuses in 1814, 1817, and 1819. The State of Missouri took censuses in 1821, then every four years beginning in 1824 through 1868, and in 1876. Most of these Territorial and State Censuses no longer exist. Listed below are copies currently available. Some censuses only gave head of household and others listed all household members. <br><br>
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At [http://www.ancestry.com Ancestry.com]
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*'''1887'''-Phelps
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*'''1881'''-Reynolds
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*'''1880'''-Cass
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*'''1876'''- Atchison, Benton, Butler, Callaway, Cape Girardeau, Carroll, Cass, Christian, Daviess, St. Francois, Franklin, Gasconade, Greene, Holt, Howard, Madison, McDonald, Moniteau, Montgomery, Osage, Perry, Phelps, Reynolds, Ripley, Stone, Texas, Worth and Webster Counties.
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*'''1873'''-Cole County
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*'''1869'''-Franklin County
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*'''1868'''-Cape Girardeau and Franklin Counties
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*'''1867'''- Cape Girardeau, Franklin, and Greene Counties.
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*'''1858'''- St. Louis County
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*'''1857'''- St. Louis County
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*'''1856'''- Audrain County
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*'''1844'''- Callaway County <br><br>
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At the [http://shs.umsystem.edu/census/statecensus.shtml State Historical Society of Missouri] (University of Missouri–Columbia Campus):
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*'''1876''' - Benton, Callaway, Cape Girardeau, Christian, Greene, Holt, Howard, McDonald, Montgomery, Osage, Phelps, Reynolds, St. Francois counties (all microfilm) Butler, Iron and Texas counties (transcriptions).
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*'''1868''' - Cape Girardeau, Ste. Genevieve, and Webster counties (all microfilm)
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*'''1864''' - Gasconade County (transcription)
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*'''1844''' - Callaway County (microfilm), Marion County (transcription) *'''1852''' - St. Charles County (transcription)
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*'''1840''' - Rives County [now Henry County] (transcription)
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*'''1819''' - St. Charles Territorial Censuses (transcription)
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*'''1817''' - St. Charles Territorial Censuses (transcription) <br><br>
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At the [http://www.sos.mo.gov/archives/resources/census.asp Missouri State Archives] (Jefferson City):
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*'''1868''' - Cape Girardeau County (microfilm)
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*'''1844''' - Callaway County (microfilm); Greene County (transcription)
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*'''1840''' - New Madrid, Newton, Pike, Randolph, Ray, Rives (later Henry), Shelby, Stoddard and Warren counties (all transcriptions)
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=== Existing and lost censuses  ===
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For a list of available and missing Missouri censuses, [[Missouri Censuses Existing and Lost|click here]]. <br>
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=== Why use a census?  ===
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A well-indexed census is one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor's family lived and when they lived there. You can also use censuses to follow the changes in a family over time, and identify neighbors. These and other clues provided by censuses are important because they help find additional kinds of records about the family.
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=== More about censuses  ===
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[[United States Census|Click here]] for additional details about how to use censuses, such as:
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:*[[United States Census Searching|index searching tips]]
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:*[[United States Census Analyzing Census Data|analyzing and using what you find]]
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:*[[United States Census Accuracy|census accuracy]]
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:*[[United States Census Historical Background|historical background]]
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:*[[United States Census#Contents_of_Federal_Censuses|contents of various census years and types]]
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=== Sources and footnotes  ===
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{{Missouri|Missouri}} {{USCensus}}
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[[Category:Missouri|Census]] [[Category:Census_by_State|{{PAGENAME}}]]

Revision as of 13:53, 16 March 2012

United States  go to  U.S. Census  go to  Missouri  go to  Census

Contents

Tips
  • If at first you don't find a name, try again under another spelling.
  • Photocopy each ancestor's census. Identify where you found it.
  • Look for an ancestor in every census during her or his lifetime.
  • On the family group record show each person's census listings.
  • Study others in the same household, neighbors, and anyone with the similar names nearby on the census in community context.


  • For a list of the exact date of each federal census, click here.

Online Missouri indexes and images

Online Federal and State Population Schedules of Missouri 
  Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card)* Pay
Family
Search[1]
Internet Archive[2]  Misc.  Heritage Quest[3] Fold3[4] Ancestry FHL[5] Ancestry Library[5] Ancestry Home[5] Archives[6] Family Link[7]
1940 indexes Link - Link
Link
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images Link - Link
Link
Link
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1930 indexes Link - - - Link Link Link Link Link Link
images Link Link - Link Link Link Link Link - Link
1920 indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1910 indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1900 indexes Link Soundex - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1880 indexes Link Soundex - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images - Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1870 indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1860 indexes Link - - Link Link Link Link Link Link Link
images - Link - Link Link Link Link Link - Link
1850 indexes Link - - - - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1840 indexes Link - - - - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link Tran-
script
Link - Link Link Link - Link
1830 indexes Link - - - - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link Tran-
script
Link - Link Link Link - Link
  Family Search Internet Archive Misc.  Heritage Quest Fold3 Ancestry FHL  Ancestry Library  Ancestry Home Archives Family Link
Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card) Pay


Federal population schedules

Microfilm images

Federal Census Microfilms Available from the Family History Library
1940 N/A 1900 and Soundex 1860          
1930 1900 and Soundex 1850
1920 and Soundex 1880 and Soundex 1840
1910 and soundex 1870 1830


Federal Census Microfilms Available from the National Archives
1940 N/A 1910 T624 and Soundex T1270 1870 M593         1840 M704
1930 T626 1900 T623 and Soundex T1055 1860 M653 1830 M19
1920 T625 and Soundex M1571 1880 T9 and Soundex T758 1850 M432
     


Many federal census records (1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880, 1900, 1910, 1920, and 1930) are at the following archives:

Residents of Missouri may borrow microfilm of federal census records through 1880 from the Missouri State Historical Society on interlibrary loan through public or college libraries. State census microfilm. Soundexes, and other indexes may not be borrowed.

Indexes: fiche, film, or book

For a list of microform and book indexes for the population schedules of Missouri, click here

Federal non-population schedules

Online indexes and images

Online Federal Non-Population Schedules for Missouri

Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with library card) Pay
Year Type Record Search Census Bureau Google Book Heritage Quest Ancestry FHL Ancestry Library Ancestry Home
1890 Veterans Link - - - Link Link Link
1880 Mortality Link - - - Link Link Link
1870 Mortality Link - - - Link Link Link
1860 Slave owner - - - Link[8] Link Link Link
1860 Mortality Link - - - Link Link Link
1850 Slave owner - - - Link[8] Link Link Link
1850 Mortality Link - - - Link Link Link
1840 Pensioners - BookLink BookLink - Link Link Link

Microfilm images

1850-1880 Mortality Schedules

Indexes: fiche, film, or book

For a list of microform and book indexes for the non-population schedules of Missouri, click here.

State, territorial, and colonial censuses

The Territory of Missouri took censuses in 1814, 1817, and 1819. The State of Missouri took censuses in 1821, then every four years beginning in 1824 through 1868, and in 1876. Most of these Territorial and State Censuses no longer exist. Listed below are copies currently available. Some censuses only gave head of household and others listed all household members.

At Ancestry.com

  • 1887-Phelps
  • 1881-Reynolds
  • 1880-Cass
  • 1876- Atchison, Benton, Butler, Callaway, Cape Girardeau, Carroll, Cass, Christian, Daviess, St. Francois, Franklin, Gasconade, Greene, Holt, Howard, Madison, McDonald, Moniteau, Montgomery, Osage, Perry, Phelps, Reynolds, Ripley, Stone, Texas, Worth and Webster Counties.
  • 1873-Cole County
  • 1869-Franklin County
  • 1868-Cape Girardeau and Franklin Counties
  • 1867- Cape Girardeau, Franklin, and Greene Counties.
  • 1858- St. Louis County
  • 1857- St. Louis County
  • 1856- Audrain County
  • 1844- Callaway County

At the State Historical Society of Missouri (University of Missouri–Columbia Campus):

  • 1876 - Benton, Callaway, Cape Girardeau, Christian, Greene, Holt, Howard, McDonald, Montgomery, Osage, Phelps, Reynolds, St. Francois counties (all microfilm) Butler, Iron and Texas counties (transcriptions).
  • 1868 - Cape Girardeau, Ste. Genevieve, and Webster counties (all microfilm)
  • 1864 - Gasconade County (transcription)
  • 1844 - Callaway County (microfilm), Marion County (transcription) *1852 - St. Charles County (transcription)
  • 1840 - Rives County [now Henry County] (transcription)
  • 1819 - St. Charles Territorial Censuses (transcription)
  • 1817 - St. Charles Territorial Censuses (transcription)

At the Missouri State Archives (Jefferson City):

  • 1868 - Cape Girardeau County (microfilm)
  • 1844 - Callaway County (microfilm); Greene County (transcription)
  • 1840 - New Madrid, Newton, Pike, Randolph, Ray, Rives (later Henry), Shelby, Stoddard and Warren counties (all transcriptions)

Existing and lost censuses

For a list of available and missing Missouri censuses, click here.

Why use a census?

A well-indexed census is one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor's family lived and when they lived there. You can also use censuses to follow the changes in a family over time, and identify neighbors. These and other clues provided by censuses are important because they help find additional kinds of records about the family.

More about censuses

Click here for additional details about how to use censuses, such as:

Sources and footnotes

  1. FamilySearch, a free online service of the Family History Library, including free images of many federal censuses, including an index of the 1880 federal census of the United States; connected with 1880 census images provided by Ancestry.com, a subscription site.
  2. Internet Archive, a free online service includes free images of most of the federal censuses.
  3. HeritageQuest has arranged with many subscribing public libraries in the United States to allow users free access on home computers by means of their personal library card numbers. HeritageQuest provides images of all surviving 1790 to 1930 federal censuses, and indexes to many but not all of them.
  4. Fold3, formerly known as Footnote.com, a subscription site partnering with the National Archives and includes some federal censuses. Free access is available at many public libraries.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Ancestry.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving federal and many state census records, among other sources. They have three online editions: (1) an FHL edition free only at the Family History Library and a few Family History Centers, (2) a slightly smaller Library edition free only at some public libraries, and (3) a Home edition subscription service for individuals.
  6. Archives.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving federal census records, among other sources.
  7. FamilyLink.com, a subscription site that provides online images (and some indexes) to all surviving federal and many state census records, among other sources.
  8. 8.0 8.1 HeritageQuest has slave owner schedule images only.