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[[Portal:United States Census|Portal:United States Census ]]>[[Montana|Montana]]  
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''[[United States|United States ]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[United States Census|U.S. Census ]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[Montana|Montana]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[Montana_Census|Census]]''
  
== Availabilty  ==
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{| width="100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
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|-
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| width="44%" | __TOC__
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| valign="middle" | <center><font size="+1">'''Tips'''</font></center>
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*If at first you don't find a name, try again under [[Spelling Substitution Tables for the United States and Canada|another spelling]].
 +
*[[Copying Sources|Photocopy]] each ancestor's census. Identify where you found it.
 +
*Look for an ancestor in '''''every''''' census during her or his lifetime.
 +
*On the [[Adding a Custom Event to a PAF Family Group Record|family group record]] show&nbsp;each person's census listings.
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*Study&nbsp;others in the same household, neighbors, and anyone with the similar names nearby on the census in [[Research a Family in Community Context|community context]].
  
'''1890--'''Census was destroyed.The 1890 Union veterans schedule and index are available at the Family History Library and at the National Archives.
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<br>
  
'''1900-1930--'''The Family History Library has the U.S. federal censuses for Montana for 1900, 1910, 1920 and 1930.  
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*For a list of the exact date of each federal census, [[Montana Censuses Existing and Lost|click here]].
  
Many federal census records are found at the Family History Library, the National Archives and its regional centers, and state archives. The United States Research Outline provides more detailed information about these records.
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|}
  
== Historical Background ==
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=== Online Montana indexes and images ===
  
'''1860s--'''Montana west of the continental divide was designated Missoula County, Washington Territoy in 1860.&nbsp; In 1861 the unsettled eastern portion was attached to Dakota Territory,&nbsp; In 1863 and 1864 all of Montana was included in Idaho Territory.
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{{Census Online Montana}}
  
'''1864--'''Montana Territory was established with nine counties.
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=== Federal population schedules  ===
  
'''1889--'''Montana became a state.
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==== Microfilm images  ====
  
'''1910-1925--'''The number of counties doubled from 28 to the present 56 as homesteaders moved into eastern Montana.
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{| width="745" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
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|+ '''Federal Census Microfilms Available from the [[Family History Library|Family History Library]]'''  
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|-
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| 1940 N/A
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| {{FHL|637337|title-id|disp=1900 and Soundex}}
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|-
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| {{FHL|1037443|title-id|disp=1930}}
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| {{FHL|676483|title-id|disp=1880 and Soundex}}
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|-
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| {{FHL|576294|title-id|disp=1920&nbsp;and Soundex}}
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| {{FHL|698907|title-id|disp=1870}}
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|-
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| {{FHL|638150|title-id|disp=1910}}
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| {{FHL|186967|title-id|disp=1860}}
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|}
  
== Indexes  ==
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<br>
  
'''1860-1880--'''Indexes are available in book format.  
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{| width="745" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
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|+ '''Federal Census Microfilms Available from the [[National Archives and Records Administration|National Archives]]'''
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|-
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| 1940 N/A
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1910/part-03.html#montana 1910 T624]&nbsp;
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|-
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| [http://1930census.archives.gov/beginSearch.asp 1930 T626]
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1900/part-08.html#montana 1900 T623&nbsp;]and [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1900/part-04.html#montana Soundex T1056]
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|-
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1920/part-08.html#montana 1920 T625]&nbsp;<span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1282155234914_935" /><span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1282155234914_56" />and [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1920/part-04.html#montana Soundex M1572]
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-07.html#montana 1880 T9]&nbsp;and [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-06.html#montana Soundex T759]
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|-
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| &nbsp;
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-05.html#montana 1870 M593]
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|}
  
To identify early settlers, see:  
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==== Indexes: fiche, film, or book  ====
  
*&nbsp;''List of Early Settlers: A List of All Persons (Except Indians) Who Were in What Is Now Montana During the Winter of 1862-1863'', compiled by the Montana Historical Society. It is found in:<br>
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For a list of microform and book indexes for the population schedules of Montana, [[Montana Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book|click here]]
  
*''Contributions to the Historical Society of Montana'' . . . , 1: 293-308, Second Edition. (Helena: Rocky Mountain Publishing Company, 1902; FHL film 1000177 item 2).<br>
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=== Federal non-population schedules  ===
  
== State Census ==
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==== Online indexes and images ====
  
<span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1216740792448_969"></span>There are no state censuses for Montana.  
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{| align="center" width="77%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1"
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|-
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9900" colspan="11" | <font size="+1">'''Online Federal Non-Population Schedules for Montana'''</font>
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|-
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| bgcolor="#ff9900" colspan="2" | <br>
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9966" | '''Free'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#cccccc" colspan="3" | '''Free at Some Libraries '''(usually&nbsp;with&nbsp;library&nbsp;card)
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9900" | '''Pay'''
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|-
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9900" | '''Year'''
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| align="center" width="10%" bgcolor="#ff9900" | '''Type'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9966" | '''Record Search'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#cccccc" | '''Heritage Quest'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#cccccc" | '''Ancestry FHL'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#cccccc" | '''Ancestry Library'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9900" | '''Ancestry Home'''
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|-
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| '''1890'''
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| width="20%" | Veterans
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8667&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8667&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8667&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
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|-
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| '''1880'''
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| width="20%" | Mortality
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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|-
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| '''1870'''
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| Mortality
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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|-
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| '''1860'''
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| Mortality
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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|}
  
== Special Censuses ==
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==== Microfilm images ====
  
==== Mortality Schedules  ====
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{| width="100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
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|-
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| {{FHL|246045|title-id|disp=Indian census rolls, Rocky Boy, 1919-1939}}
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| {{FHL|750669|title-id|disp=Indian census rolls, Flathead, 1886-1939}}
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|-
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| {{FHL|239183|title-id|disp=Indian census rolls, Ft. Shaw School, 1910}}
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| {{FHL|529023|title-id|disp=Indian census rolls, Ft. Belknap, 1885-1939}}
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|-
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| {{FHL|320332|title-id|disp=Census rolls, 1909-1948}}
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| {{FHL|737667|title-id|disp=Indian census rolls, Ft. Peck, 1885-1939}}
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|-
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| {{FHL|750659|title-id|disp=Indian census rolls, Great Sioux, 1892}}
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| {{FHL|738381|title-id|disp=Nonpopulation, 1870-1880}}
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|-
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| {{FHL|750680|title-id|disp=Indian census rolls, Crow, 1891-1940}}
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| {{FHL|343843|title-id|disp=Mortality, agricuture, industry schedules, 1870-80}}
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|-
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| {{FHL|630115|title-id|disp=Indian census rolls, Blackfeet, 1890-1939}}
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|
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|}
  
'''1870-1880--'''Mortality schedules for the 1870 and 1880 censuses are at the Montana Historical Society and at the DAR library in Washington, DC. The Family History Library also has published indexes for the 1870 and 1880 mortality schedules. <br>
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==== Indexes: fiche, film, or book  ====
  
[http://mortalityschedules.com/ Mortality Schedules 1850-1880]
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For a list of microform and book indexes for the non-population schedules of Montana, [[Montana Non-Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book|click here]].
  
== Territorial Censuses ==
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=== State, territorial, and colonial censuses ===
  
'''1860--'''The area that is now western Montana was part of the Washington Territory. Eastern Montana was part of the unorganized area of Nebraska Territory. The 1860 censuses for these two territories list the individuals who lived in what is now Montana.  
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Montana&nbsp;took a few censuses in the years between the federal censuses. The dates are listed below. State census records may have columns that were different or more unusual than those found on federal censuses. The responses and years of coverage may give additional information on the family.  
  
'''1870-1880--'''Federal censuses for Montana Territory are available.  
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*''List of Early Settlers: A List of All Persons (Except Indians) Who Were in What Is Now Montana During the Winter of 1862-1863'', compiled by the Montana Historical Society. It is found in:
  
== Web Sites  ==
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:*''Contributions to the Historical Society of Montana'' . . . , 1: 293-308, Second Edition. (Helena: Rocky Mountain Publishing Company, 1902; Family History Library film {{FHL|183040|title-id|disp=1000177 item 2}}).
  
Ancestry: http://www.ancestry.com
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=== Existing and lost censuses  ===
  
Heritage Quest Online: http://www.heritagequestonline.com
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For a list of available and missing Montana censuses, [[Montana Censuses Existing and Lost|click here]]. <br>
  
Census Online: http://www.census-online.com/links/MT/
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=== Why use a census?  ===
  
Genealogy Today: http://dir.genealogytoday.com/usa/mt/census.html
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A well-indexed census is one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor's family lived and when they lived there. You can also use censuses to follow the changes in a family over time, and identify neighbors. These and other clues provided by censuses are important because they help find additional kinds of records about the family.  
  
Access Genealogy: http://www.accessgenealogy.com/census/montana.htm
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=== More about censuses  ===
  
Census Finder:&nbsp; [http://www.censusfinder.com/montana.htm http://www.censusfinder.com/montana.htm]  
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[[United States Census|Click here]] for additional details about how to use censuses, such as:
  
Mortality Schedules:&nbsp; [http://mortalityschedules.com/ http://mortalityschedules.com/]
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:*[[United States Census Searching|index searching tips]]
 +
:*[[United States Census Analyzing Census Data|analyzing and using what you find]]
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:*[[United States Census Accuracy|census accuracy]]
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:*[[United States Census Historical Background|historical background]]
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:*[[United States Census#Contents_of_Federal_Censuses|contents of various census years and types]]
  
== <!-- Tidy found serious XHTML errors --><!-- Tidy found serious XHTML errors --><!-- Tidy found serious XHTML errors --><!-- Tidy found serious XHTML errors --><!-- Tidy found serious XHTML errors -->Bibliographic Citations ==
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=== Sources and footnotes ===
  
''[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/Search/Rg/frameset_rg.asp?Dest=G1&Aid=&Gid=&Lid=&Sid=&Did=&Juris1=&Event=&Year=&Gloss=&Sub=&Tab=&Entry=&Guide=Montana.ASP Montana Research Outline]''. Salt Lake City, Utah: Intellectual Reserve, Inc., Family History Department, 1998, 2001.&nbsp;
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{{reflist}}
  
[[Category:Montana]]
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{{Place|Montana}} {{USCensus}} {{Montana|Montana}}
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[[Category:Montana|Census]] [[Category:Census_by_State|{{PAGENAME}}]]

Latest revision as of 23:08, 7 May 2012

United States  Gotoarrow.png  U.S. Census  Gotoarrow.png  Montana  Gotoarrow.png  Census

Contents

Tips
  • If at first you don't find a name, try again under another spelling.
  • Photocopy each ancestor's census. Identify where you found it.
  • Look for an ancestor in every census during her or his lifetime.
  • On the family group record show each person's census listings.
  • Study others in the same household, neighbors, and anyone with the similar names nearby on the census in community context.


  • For a list of the exact date of each federal census, click here.

Online Montana indexes and images

Online Federal and State Population Schedules of Montana 
  Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card)* Pay
Family
Search[1]
Internet Archive[2]  Misc.  Heritage Quest[3] Fold3[4] Ancestry FHL[5] Ancestry Library[5] Ancestry Home[5] Archives[6] Family Link[7]
1940 indexes Link - Link
Link
- - Link Link Link - -
images Link - Link
Link
Link
- - Link Link Link Link Link
1930 indexes Link - - - Link Link Link Link Link Link
images Link Link - Link Link Link Link Link - Link
1920 indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1910 indexes Link Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1900 indexes Link Soundex Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1880 indexes Link Soundex - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images - Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1870 indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1860[8] indexes Link - - - Link Link Link Link Link Link
images - WA Link ND Link - - WA Link
ND Link
WA Link
ND Link
WA Link
ND Link
WA Link
ND Link
- Link
  Family Search Internet Archive Misc.  Heritage Quest Fold3 Ancestry FHL  Ancestry Library  Ancestry Home Archives Family Link
Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card) Pay


Federal population schedules

Microfilm images

Federal Census Microfilms Available from the Family History Library
1940 N/A 1900 and Soundex
1930 1880 and Soundex
1920 and Soundex 1870
1910 1860


Federal Census Microfilms Available from the National Archives
1940 N/A 1910 T624 
1930 T626 1900 T623 and Soundex T1056
1920 T625 and Soundex M1572 1880 T9 and Soundex T759
  1870 M593

Indexes: fiche, film, or book

For a list of microform and book indexes for the population schedules of Montana, click here

Federal non-population schedules

Online indexes and images

Online Federal Non-Population Schedules for Montana

Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with library card) Pay
Year Type Record Search Heritage Quest Ancestry FHL Ancestry Library Ancestry Home
1890 Veterans - - Link Link Link
1880 Mortality - - Link Link Link
1870 Mortality - - Link Link Link
1860 Mortality - - Link Link Link

Microfilm images

Indian census rolls, Rocky Boy, 1919-1939 Indian census rolls, Flathead, 1886-1939
Indian census rolls, Ft. Shaw School, 1910 Indian census rolls, Ft. Belknap, 1885-1939
Census rolls, 1909-1948 Indian census rolls, Ft. Peck, 1885-1939
Indian census rolls, Great Sioux, 1892 Nonpopulation, 1870-1880
Indian census rolls, Crow, 1891-1940 Mortality, agricuture, industry schedules, 1870-80
Indian census rolls, Blackfeet, 1890-1939

Indexes: fiche, film, or book

For a list of microform and book indexes for the non-population schedules of Montana, click here.

State, territorial, and colonial censuses

Montana took a few censuses in the years between the federal censuses. The dates are listed below. State census records may have columns that were different or more unusual than those found on federal censuses. The responses and years of coverage may give additional information on the family.

  • List of Early Settlers: A List of All Persons (Except Indians) Who Were in What Is Now Montana During the Winter of 1862-1863, compiled by the Montana Historical Society. It is found in:
  • Contributions to the Historical Society of Montana . . . , 1: 293-308, Second Edition. (Helena: Rocky Mountain Publishing Company, 1902; Family History Library film 1000177 item 2).

Existing and lost censuses

For a list of available and missing Montana censuses, click here.

Why use a census?

A well-indexed census is one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor's family lived and when they lived there. You can also use censuses to follow the changes in a family over time, and identify neighbors. These and other clues provided by censuses are important because they help find additional kinds of records about the family.

More about censuses

Click here for additional details about how to use censuses, such as:

Sources and footnotes

  1. FamilySearch, a free online service of the Family History Library, including free images of many federal censuses, including an index of the 1880 federal census of the United States; connected with 1880 census images provided by Ancestry.com, a subscription site.
  2. Internet Archive, a free online service includes free images of most of the federal censuses.
  3. HeritageQuest has arranged with many subscribing public libraries in the United States to allow users free access on home computers by means of their personal library card numbers. HeritageQuest provides images of all surviving 1790 to 1930 federal censuses, and indexes to many but not all of them.
  4. Fold3, formerly known as Footnote.com, a subscription site partnering with the National Archives and includes some federal censuses. Free access is available at many public libraries.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Ancestry.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving federal and many state census records, among other sources. They have three online editions: (1) an FHL edition free only at the Family History Library and a few Family History Centers, (2) a slightly smaller Library edition free only at some public libraries, and (3) a Home edition subscription service for individuals.
  6. Archives.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving federal census records, among other sources.
  7. FamilyLink.com, a subscription site that provides online images (and some indexes) to all surviving federal and many state census records, among other sources.
  8. See the Montana table of Existing and Lost censuses.

 

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  • This page was last modified on 7 May 2012, at 23:08.
  • This page has been accessed 7,942 times.