Motley County, Texas Genealogy

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*[ 1910 Census Partial Index]  ~  Motley County TXGenWeb
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Revision as of 17:58, 9 April 2013

United States go to Texas go to Counties M go to Motley County

Guide to Motley County Texas genealogy. Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

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Quick Dates

Motley County's civil records start the following years:

Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate
1903  1891    1880  1891  1891 

County Courthouse

Motley County Courthouse
PO Box 66
Matador, TX 79244
Phone: 806.347.2621 

County Clerk has birth and death records from 1903,
marriage, divorce, probate and court records from 1891
and land records from 1891 with some earlier[1]




The first settlers arrived in 1878. The first settlement was Matador in 1891.

Parent County

1876--Motley County was created 21 August 1876 from Bexar Land District. County seat: Matador.

Named in honor of Dr. Junius William Mottley, 1811-1836, signer of the Texas Declaration of Independence and aide to General Rusk at the Battle of San Jacinto where he was mortally wounded. [2]

Boundary Changes

Record Loss

1944--Motley County Courthouse, built about 1904, was destroyed by fire Sept 1944.  No vital records were lost, but some were damaged by water.[3]

Places / Localities

Populated Places

  • Flomot
  • Four Corners
  • Matador
  • Northfield
  • Roaring Springs
  • TeePee City
  • Whiteflat
  • White Star
  • Duchman Creek 

Neighboring Counties




Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1880 24
1890 139 479.2%
1900 1,257 804.3%
1910 2,396 90.6%
1920 4,107 71.4%
1930 6,812 65.9%
1940 4,994 −26.7%
1950 3,963 −20.6%
1960 2,870 −27.6%
1970 2,178 −24.1%
1980 1,950 −10.5%
1990 1,532 −21.4%
Source: "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau.


Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death/burial date and place. For general information about Texas denominations, view the Texas Church Records wiki page.



After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions, including deeds and mortgages, have been recorded by the county. You can obtain copies of these land records by writing to the county clerk at the county courthouse. For more information, see Texas Land and Property.

The FamilySearch Catalog lists microfilm copies of deeds, trust deeds, and mortgages of many counties.

Original Land Owners of Texas - Motley County  -  USGenWeb Archives

Local Histories

Local histories are available for Motley County, Texas Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Texas Local Histories.

Books About Local History

"The Early History of Motley County" by Harry H. Campbell

"Of Such As These, A History of Motley County and it's Families" by Eleanor Mitchell Traweek

"Interments In Motley County, Texas to March 1977" by Rita Groves




Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Motley County, Texas Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:



Probate records of Texas have been kept by the probate clerk in each county courthouse. You can obtain copies of the records from the clerk's office. In most counties, all information pertaining to a probate case is recorded in the "probate minutes."

Content: Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their places of residence.

Record types: Wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, adoption, and birth and death records.

See the Wiki page Texas Probate Records for information about how to use probate records.


Texas tax records complement land records and can be used in place of censuses or to supplement the years between censuses. Because only persons who owned taxable property were listed, many residents were not included in tax lists. There may also be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties. For more information, see the wiki page Texas Taxation.

Texas County Tax Rolls, 1846-1910 lists FHL films with county tax lists. The lists vary by county and year. Most records are between the years of 1846 - 1910.

Vital Records

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents.

Certified birth and death certificates or birth and death verifications can be ordered online or by mail at the Texas Vital Records State Department of Health. Copies can also be obtained from the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred and are often less expensive. You can also order them online through a third party company.

Marriages records can be obtained from the county the marriage occurred. Only marriage verifications can be obtained from the Texas Vital Records State Department of Health.

See Texas Vital Records for more information about Vital records in Texas.

Societies and Libraries

Motley County Library
1105 Main Street
P.O. Box 557
Matador, TX 79244

Motley Co. Chamber of Commerce
828 Dundee St.
(Old Traweek Hospital)
P. O. Box 788
Matador, TX 79244

Family History Centers

Web Sites


  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Motley County, Texas. Page 670 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  3. ( Matador, TX Motley County Courthouse Fire, Sept 1944 (