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United States  Gotoarrow.png  Virginia  Gotoarrow.png  Nansemond County

Formerly a Tidewater county in the Hampton Roads region of Virginia.

Contents

County Courthouse

Because the county is extinct, there is no existing Nansemond County Courthouse. Records are held at the Independent City Courthouse in Suffolk.

Beginning Dates for Nansemond County, Virginia Government Records
Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate
1820

History

The county was named after a local Indian tribe. It is now extinct.

Parent County

Established in 1637 as Upper Norfolk County and the name Nansemond was adopted in 1646. It became the independent city of Nansemond in 1972 and merged with the independent city of Suffolk in 1974. The entire area is now known as Suffolk.

Boundary Changes

Record Loss

Fire.png
Many records were lost by the burning of the county clerk's office in 1866.
  • Lost censuses: 1790, 1800, 1810, 1890

Places/Localities

Populated Places

Neighboring Counties

Resources

Getting Started

Finding records about historic Nansemond County on the Family History Library Catalog can be confusing. Most appear under the Place Search "Suffolk (Independent City), Virginia."

Research Guides

African American

  • Fouts, Raymond Parker. Registration of Slaves to Work in the Great Dismal Swamp, Gates County, North Carolina, 1847-1861. Cocoa, Fla.: GenRec Books, 1995. The majority of these workers (which included free people of color and Native Americans) came from Nansemond County, Virginia.[1]
  • Heinegg, Paul. Free African Americans of Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Maryland and Delaware. 2005-present. - free online book. Documents the Alman, Ashe, Boon, Bowser, Burkett, Churchwell, Copeland, Curtis, Davis, Demery, Elliott, Elmore, Milton, Newby, Parker, Pierce, Powell, Pugh, Read, Reynolds, Robinson, Shepherd, Teamer, Young of pre-1820 Nansemond County.

Cemeteries

Census

For tips on accessing Nansemond County, Virginia census records online, see: Virginia Census.

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1790 9,010
1800 11,127 23.5%
1810 10,324 −7.2%
1820 10,494 1.6%
1830 11,784 12.3%
1840 10,795 −8.4%
1850 12,283 13.8%
1860 13,693 11.5%
1870 11,576 −15.5%
1880 15,903 37.4%
1890 19,692 23.8%
1900 23,078 17.2%
1910 26,886 16.5%
1920 20,199 −24.9%
1930 22,530 11.5%
1940 22,771 1.1%
1950 25,238 10.8%
1960 31,366 24.3%
1970 35,166 12.1%
Source: "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau.


1783 Enumeration

1784 Enumeration

1790 - Lost, but a subsitute is available, see Taxation.

1800 - Lost, but a subsitute is available, see Taxation.

1810 - Lost, but a subsitute is available, see Taxation.

1890 Union Veterans

Church

Christian
  • College of William and Mary. Earl Gregg Swem Library and Liberty Spring Christian Church. County Collections: Nansemond County. MSS., Manuscripts and Rare Books Department, Earl Gregg Swem Library, College of William and Mary in Williamsburg, Virginia; also available at FHL. [List of members (no date, 2 p.) from the Historical Sketch of Liberty Spring Christian Church, 1869-1931.]
Church of England

Also known as Anglican and Protestant Episcopal.

Colonial Parishes[2]

Chuckatuck South
East Suffolk
Elizabeth River Upper
Lower Upper Suffolk
Lower Suffolk West

Bennettscreekglebe.jpg
  • Hall, Wilmer Lee. The Vestry Book of the Upper Parish, Nansemond County, Virginia, 1743 - 1793. Richmond [Virginia]: Commonwealth of Virginia, Division of Purchase and Printing, 1949. Available at FHL US/CAN Book 975.553 K2h and US/CAN Film 973095 Item 2. Digital version at World Vital Records ($).
  • Hopkins, William Lindsay. Suffolk Parish Vestry Book, 1749-1784, Nansemond County, Virginia, and Newport Parish Vestry Book, 1724-1772, Isle of Wight County, Virginia. Richmond, Virginia: W.L. Hopkins, 1988. Available at FHL.
  • Mason, George Carrington. Colonial Churches of Tidewater Virginia. Richmond, Virginia: Whittet & Shepperson, 1945. Available at FHL; digital version at BYU Family History Archives. [Includes Nansemond County.]
Quaker
  • Brown, Douglas Summers. A Copy of Lower Virginia Monthly Meeting Minutes (Commonly Called the Chuckatuck Record) 1673-1756. MSS., 1944. Available at FHL.
  • Putnam, Martha A. Quaker Records of Southeast Virginia. Westminster, Maryland: Family Line Publications, 1996. Available at FHL. [Includes records about Quakers in Dinwiddie, Isle of Wight, Nansemond, Norfolk, Prince George, Southampton counties and Suffolk City from 1600s and 1700s (Blackwater Montly Meeting, Chuckatuck Monthly Meeting, Pagan Creek Meeting, Western Branch Monthly Meeting, and Somerton Monthly Meeting.)]
  • Society of Friends. Chuckatuck Monthly Meeting (Nansemond County, Virginia). Friends' Records, 1678-1755 [Suffolk, Virginia]. MSS., Library of Virginia, Richmond, Virginia; also available at FHL.
  • Society of Friends. Chuckatuck Monthly Meeting (Nansemond County, Virginia). Monthly Meetings, 1651-1755. Original records at Historical Society of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; also available at FHL.
  • White, Miles and Anita Comtois. Early Quaker Records in Virginia. 1902-1903; reprint, Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1977. Available at FHL. [This is a copy of a book "containing the earliest records of Friends in Nansemond and Isle of Wight counties, Va." -- page 1.]

Court

  Nansemond County Fee Book (abstracts) 1789 to 1800 Virginia Pioneers

Genealogy

More than 100 genealogies have been published about Nansemond County families. To view a list, visit Nansemond County, Virginia Genealogy.

Immigration

Headright grants identify many Nansemond County, Virginia immigrants who arrived before 1720.[3] The Virginia Immigration article provides tips about using this source.

Additional resources include:

  • Coldham, Peter Wilson. North American Wills Registered in London 1611-1857. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 2007. [Includes wills of residents of Nansemond River and Nansemond County proved in London. These records often help establish an immigrant's place of origin.]
  • List of imported servants and transported convicts from Europe who served labor terms in Colonial Nansemond County, Virginia (work in progress), courtesy: Immigrant Servants Database.

Land

Grants and Patents

  • Hudgins. 882 patents dated 1638-1749 in what is now Suffolk City (previously Nansemond County), Virginia placed on a map. DeedMapper, 2003. [Names of those who received land patents, dates, land descriptions, and references may be viewed free of charge (click "Index" next to the county listing); however, in order to view the maps, it is necessary to purchase Direct Line Software's DeedMapper product.]
  • Joyner, Ulysses P. They Crossed the Blackwater: The First Settlers of Southhampton County Virginia. Orange, Virginia: U.P. Joyner, c2001/2003. Available at FHL. [Index to land patents (1700-1749) south of the Blackwater River in that part of Nansemond County added to Southampton in 1786.]
  • Nugent, Nell Marion. Cavaliers and Pioneers: Abstracts of Virginia Land Patents and Grants 1623-1666. Vol. I (1934; reprint, Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1991). Available at FHL; digital version at Ancestry ($). [Includes Nansemond County. N.B. If Ancestry's search engine fails, try checking the printed index at the end of the book.]

Local Histories

Maps

Military

Colonial Militia
  • Bockstruck, Lloyd DeWitt. Virginia's Colonial Soldiers. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1988. Available at FHL. [Identifies some Nansemond County militia officers and/or soldiers; see place name index.]
  • Crozier, William Armstrong. Virginia Colonial Militia 1651-1776. Baltimore: Southern Book Co., 1954. Available at FHL; digital book at Ancestry ($). [Identifies some Nansemond County militia officers; see place name index.]
French and Indian War
  • Bockstruck, Lloyd DeWitt. Virginia's Colonial Soldiers. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1988. Available at FHL. [Identifies some Nansemond County militia officers, soldier enlistments, and veterans; see place name index.]
  • Boogher, William F. Gleanings of Virginia History: An Historical and Genealogical Collection, Largely from Original Sources. Washington: n.p., 1903. Available at FHL; digital version at Google Books. [Includes a chapter titled "Legislative Enactments connecting the preceding historic sketch [French and Indian War, Lord Dunmore's War] with the adjudication of the resulting accounts that follow; with the list of officers, soldiers and civilians entitled to compensation for military and other services rendered." For Nansemond County, see pp. 95, 112.]
  • Crozier, William Armstrong. Virginia Colonial Militia 1651-1776. Baltimore: Southern Book Co., 1954. Available at FHL; digital book at Ancestry ($). [Identifies some Nansemond County militia officers; see place name index.]
Revolutionary War

Regiments. Service men in Nansemond County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Nansemond County supplied soldiers for the:

- 4th Virginia Regiment (10th Company)[4]
- 15th Virginia Regiment (1st Company)[5]

Additional resources:

The British burned Suffolk during the Revolutionary War.[6]

  • A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services: With their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshalls of the Several Judicial Districts, Under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census]. 1841. Digital versions at U.S. Census Bureau and Google Books et. al. 1967 reprint: FHL Collection 973 X2pc 1840. [See Virginia, Eastern District, Nansemond County on page 132.]
  • Rejected or Suspended Applications for Revolutionary War Pensions. Washington, D.C., 1852. Reprinted by Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1969, and 1991. Reprints include "an Added Index to States." FHL Collection 973 M24ur; digital version at Ancestry ($). [Includes veterans from this county; Virginia section begins on page 238.]
War of 1812
  • List of Pensioners on the Roll, January 1, 1883; Giving the Name of Each Pensioner, the Cause for Why Pensioned, the Post-Office Address, the Rate of Pension Per Month, and the Date of Original Allowance... Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1883. FHL Collection 973 M2Lp v. 5; digital versions at Google Books and Internet Archive. [See Vol. 5, Virginia, Nansemond County, p. 91. Identifies War of 1812 veterans living in this county in 1883.]

Native Americans

  • Bell, Albert D. Nansemond Indian Ancestry of Bass Familes. 1961?. Available at FHL.
  • Egloff, Keith and Deborah Woodward. First People: The Early Indians of Virginia. Richmond, Virginia: Virginia Department of Historic Resources, 1992. Available at FHL. [History concerning the Indian tribes in Virginia, notably the Mattaponi, Chickahominy, Monacan, Nansemond, Pamunjey and Rappahannock.]
  • Floyd, Donald. The Elusive Floyds: And Many More Related Families Including - Bagley, Bass, Basse, Bushier, Clerke, Goodson, Griggs, Jordan, Justice, Ledbetter, Lister, Nansemond Indian, Pritchett, Sandiford, Strickland. Griffin, Georgia: D. Floyd, 2006?. Available at FHL.
  • Fouts, Raymond Parker. Registration of Slaves to Work in the Great Dismal Swamp, Gates County, North Carolina, 1847-1861. Cocoa, Fla.: GenRec Books, 1995. The majority of these workers (which included free people of color and Native Americans) came from Nansemond County, Virginia.[1]
  • Houck, Peter W. Indian Island in Amherst County (Virginia). Progress Printing Co., Inc., 1984. Available at FHL.

Newspapers

Private Papers

  • Norfleet, Fillmore. Bible Records of Suffolk and Nansemond County, Virginia: Together with Other Statistical Data. Culpeper, Virginia: Community Press, 1962. Available at FHL; digital version at Ancestry ($).
  • [Campbell] Family Bible Record of Robert and Mary Campbell. MSS., Smithfield Branch of the Isle of Wight Library in Smithfield, Virginia. Available at FHL.
  • [Langley] Hargroves, Abigail Langley Granbery, Julian Hastings Granbery, and Alice Granbery Walter. The Journal of Abigail Langley of Nansemond County, Virginia: So-called in the Family, but Properly "John Granbery, Junior, His Book, 1708." [Virginia Beach, Virginia : A.G. Walter, 1963?]. Available at FHL.
  • [Lawrence] Family Bible Records of George Lawrence. MSS., Smithfield Branch of the Isle of Wight Library in Smithfield, Virginia. Available at FHL.
  • [Scull] Scull: Bible Records Transcript, 1755-1835. MSS., available at FHL.

Probate

Local Court

  • Hopkins, William Lindsay. Some Wills from the Burned Counties of Virginia and Other Wills Not Listed in Virginia Wills and Administrations 1632-1800. Richmond, Virginia: W.L. Hopkins, 1987. Available at FHL. [Includes Nansemond County.]

London Courts

  • Coldham, Peter Wilson. North American Wills Registered in London 1611-1857. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 2007. [Includes wills of residents of Nansemond River and Nansemond County proved in London. These records often help establish an immigrant's place of origin.]
  • Will of James Montgomery, "of James River in Nantzimum in the Island of Virginia," dated 25 August 1697, proved 24 December 1697, Prerogative Court of Canterbury, Pyne, 290, The New England Historical and Genealogical Register, Vol. 39 (1885):333-334. Digital versions at Google Books and New England Ancestors ($).

North Carolina Courts

  • Livingston, Virginia Pope. "Some Virginia Wills Recorded in North Carolina," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 11, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1967):30-34. Available at FHL; digital version at New England Ancestors ($). [Includes abstracts of wills of the following Nansemond County testators: John Lear (dated 1695), John Hamilton (dated 1706/7), and Rev. John McKinzie (dated 1754).]

Taxation

How can Virginia tax lists help me? 

  • [1704] "Virginia Quit Rent Rolls, 1704," Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 28 (1920):207-218, 328-339; Vol. 29 (1921):18-28, 337-343, 402-412; Vol. 30 (1922):21-30, 280-285, 341-347; Vol. 31 (1923):70-75, 153-163, 215-231, 314-318; Vol. 32 (1924):69-75, 144-158, 281-287, 338-343; Vol. 33 (1925):47-50, 359-370; Vol. 34 (1926):113-119, 252-258, 313, 321. FHL 975.5 B2v v. 29 (1921); reprinted in Virginia Tax Records. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1983. FHL 975.5 R4v; digital version of VMHB at JSTOR ($). [Nansemond County appears in 29:402-412.]
  • [1782-1861] Land Tax Lists of Nansemond County [Suffolk, Virginia] 1782-1861. FHL 29950.
  • [1785] Insolvents, 1785, Southside Virginian, Vol. 6, No. 3 (Jul. 1988); Vol. 6, No. 4 (Oct. 1998). FHL 975.5 D25s v. 6 (1988)
  • [1786-1788] Schreiner-Yantis, Netti and Florene Speakman Love. The 1787 Census of Virginia: An Accounting of the Name of Every White Male Tithable Over 21 Years, the Number of White Males Between 16 & 21 Years, the Number of Slaves over 16 & Those Under 16 Years, Together with a Listing of Their Horses, Cattle & Carriages, and Also the Names of All Persons to Whom Ordinary Licenses and Physician's Licenses Were Issued. 3 vols. Springfield, Va.: Genealogical Books in Print, 1987. FHL 975.5 R4sn v. 2. [Source for this publication are the 1787/88 land tax lists, three petitions dated 1786/87, and the 1786 insolvent list. Nansemond County is included in Vol. 2.]
  • [1786] Residents on Southampton Co. Land Tax List, 1786, Southside Virginian, Vol. 2, No. 2 (Jan. 1984). FHL 975.5 D25s v. 1-2 (1982-1983)
  • [1789, 1802] Images of the 1789 and 1802 Land Tax Lists of Nansemond County, Virginia are available to browse online, courtesy: Binns Genealogy.
  • [1800] Tax List, 1800, Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 43, No. 3 (Jul. 1999); Vol. 43, No. 4 (Oct. 1999). FHL 975.5 B2vg v. 43 (1999)
  • [1810] Schreiner-Yates, Netti. A Supplement to the 1810 Census of Virginia: Tax Lists of the Counties for which the Census is Missing. Springfield, Va.: Genealogical Books in Print, 1971. FHL 975.5 R4s [The source for this publication is the 1810 personal property tax list. Nansemond County is included because the 1810 Census for that county has been destroyed.]
  • [1810, 1815] Schreiner-Yantis, Netti. Nansemond County, Virginia, 1815 Tax List. FHL 975.553 R4s [The source for this publication is the 1815 personal property tax list; includes 1810 land tax list.]
  • [1815] Ward, Roger D. 1815 Directory of Virginia Landowners (and Gazetteer). 6 vols. Athens, Georgia: Iberian Pub. Co., 1997-2000. FHL 975 E4w v. 3. [The source for this publication is the 1815 land tax list. Nansemond County is included in Vol. 3.]

Vital Records

Vital Record Substitutes

The Virginia Historical Society's Marriage and Obituary Index, 1736-1820 (newspaper abstracts) is available for free online. Images of the original index cards are browseable, arranged alphabetically by surname.

  • Norfleet, Fillmore. Bible Records of Suffolk and Nansemond County, Virginia: Together with Other Statistical Data. Baltimore, MD: Reprinted for Clearfield Co. by Genealogical Pub. Co., 1996, 2001. Available at FHL. Digital version at Ancestry($) andWorld Vital Records ($).

Societies and Libraries

Web Sites

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 John Frederick Dorman, "Review of Registration of Slaves to Work in the Great Dismal Swamp, Gates County, North Carolina, 1847-1861," in The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 39, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1995):227-237.
  2. Freddie Spradlin, "Parishes of Virginia," Virginia GenWeb, http://vagenweb.org/parishes.htm, accessed 3 February 2010.
  3. John Frederick Dorman, "Review of Cavaliers and Pioneers," in The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 24, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1980):221. Digital version at American Ancestors ($). FHL Book 975.5 B2vg v. 24 (1980)
  4. E.M. Sanchez-Saavedra, A Guide to Virginia Military Organizations in the American Revolution, 1774-1787 (Richmond, Va.: Virginia State Library, 1978), 43. FHL Book 975.5 M2s.
  5. E.M. Sanchez-Saavedra, A Guide to Virginia Military Organizations in the American Revolution, 1774-1787 (Richmond, Va.: Virginia State Library, 1978), 72. FHL Book 975.5 M2s.
  6. David Lee Russell, The American Revolution in the Southern Colonies (McFarland, 2000), 127-128.

 

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