Natchez Indians

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Linquistice group: Muskogean or Algonquian
+
Linquistice group: Muskogean  
  
Original homeland: Sowutywestern Mississippi along the Mississippi River
+
Original homeland: Southwestern Mississippi along the Mississippi River  
  
== History ==
+
==== Tribal Headquarters  ====
 +
 
 +
Notchietown (Main) Office <br>P.O. Box 484<br>Gore (at Notchietown), Oklahoma 74435 <br>
 +
 
 +
Phone:&nbsp; 1-918-489-5055
 +
 
 +
Fort Smith Office <br>1008 North 14th Street <br>Fort Smith, Arkansas 72901 <br>Phone:&nbsp; 1-479-221-7810
 +
 
 +
Eastern Band Natchez <br>79 Bluff Road <br>Columbia, South Carolina 29201-0456<br>Phone:&nbsp; 1-803-988-1074
 +
 
 +
Edisto Natchez - Kusso <br>1125 Ridge Road <br>Ridgeville, South Carolina 29472<br>Phone:&nbsp; 1-843-871-2126
 +
 
 +
'''official web site''':http://natcheznation.com/
 +
 
 +
==== History ====
  
 
Early encounter with explorers 1543 Hernando de Soto, and in 1682 visit from Sieur de La Salle brought missionaries and fur traders.  
 
Early encounter with explorers 1543 Hernando de Soto, and in 1682 visit from Sieur de La Salle brought missionaries and fur traders.  
  
 +
Relationship was established with the French which later became a conflict when the Nachez Revolt was caused by the French governor, Chopart's desire to acquire their principal village as a plantation. The Nachez massacre of the French at Fort Rosalie.&nbsp; The French joined forces with the [[Choctaw Indians|Choctaw]] and the retaliation resulted in the Natchez leaving their villages in 1730 and dispersing among the [[Chickasaw Indians|Chickasaw]], [[Creek Indians|Creek]], [[Catawba Indians|Catawba]] and [[Cherokee Indians|Cherokee]].
  
 +
In the 1830's they removed with their host tribes to Indian Territory
  
== Brief Time Line ==
+
On Line [http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~msalhn/NativeAmerican/natchezindians.htm history]
  
*1713: the French establishe a trading post  
+
==== Brief Time Line  ====
*Fort Rosalie established later becoming the center of the Nachez Revolt  
+
 
*1718: European colonistst negotiated for land - for large plantations
+
*'''1713:''' The French establish a trading post  
*1729- 1731&nbsp;Nachez Revolt; The French forced aboaut 400 Natchez to surrender; killing some and sending others to Santo Domingo as slaves. Other tribal survivors joined the Chickasaw, Creek, Catawba, and Cherokee
+
*'''1716:''' Fort Rosalie established later becoming the center of the Nachez Revolt  
*1730: French and Chactaw joined forces aginst the Natchez  
+
*'''1716, 1722, 1729:'''the tribe was at war with the French
*1832: removed with their host tribes to Indian Territory  
+
*'''1718:''' European colonistst negotiated for land - for large plantations  
 +
*'''1729 - 1731: '''Nachez Revolt; The French forced about 400 Natchez to surrender; killing some and sending others to Santo Domingo as slaves. Other tribal survivors joined the [[Chickasaw Indians|Chickasaw]], Creek, [[Catawba Indians|Catawba]],&nbsp; [[Cherokee Indians|Cherokee]] and [[Seminole Indians|Seminole]] tribes.
 +
*'''1730:''' French and [[Choctaw Indians|Choctaw]] joined forces aginst the Natchez,
 +
*'''1832:''' Removed with their host tribes to Indian Territory  
 
*Assimilated into their host Tribes and lost their identity.
 
*Assimilated into their host Tribes and lost their identity.
 +
 +
==== Agencies  ====
 +
 +
[[Choctaw Indian Agency (Mississippi)|Choctaw Agency]]&nbsp;- Mississippi
 +
 +
[[Choctaw Indian Agency (Oklahoma)|Choctaw Agency ]]- Oklahoma
 +
 +
[[Chickasaw Indian Agency (East)|Chickasaw Agency]]&nbsp;- East
 +
 +
[[Chickasaw Indian Agency (Oklahoma)|Chickasaw Agency ]]- Oklahoma
 +
 +
[[Chickasaw and Seminole Indian Agency (Oklahoma)|Chickasaw and Seminole Agency]]
 +
 +
[[Creek Indian Agency (Georgia)|Creek Agency ]]- Georgia
 +
 +
[[Creek Indian Agency (Oklahoma)|Creek Agency ]]- Oklahoma
 +
 +
[[Cherokee Indian Agency (Arkansas)|Cherokee Agency]]&nbsp;- Arkansas
 +
 +
[[Cherokee Indian Agency (North Carolina)|Cherokee Agency ]]- North Carolina
 +
 +
[[Cherokee Indian Agency (Oklahoma)|Cherokee Agency ]]- Oklahoma
 +
 +
[[Cherokee Indian Agency (Tennessee)|Cherokee Agency ]]- Tennessee
 +
 +
[[Seminole Indian Agency (Florida)|Seminole Agency]] - Florida
 +
 +
[[Seminole Indian Agency (Oklahoma)|Seminole Agency ]]- Oklahoma
 +
 +
==== Reservations  ====
 +
 +
[[Choctaw Indian Reservation (Oklahoma)|Choctaw Reservation]]
 +
 +
[[Chickasaw Indian Reservation (Oklahoma)|Chickasaw Reservation]]
 +
 +
[[Creek Indian Reservation (Oklahoma)|Creek Reservation]]
 +
 +
[[Cherokee Indian Reservation (Oklahoma)|Cherokee Reservation]]
 +
 +
[[Seminole Indian Reservation (Oklahoma)|Seminole Reservation]]
 +
 +
=== Bibliography  ===
 +
 +
*[http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/075.html Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives; Record Group 75], Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
 +
*Hodge, Frederick Webb. ''Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico''. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1906 [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/ Available online].
 +
*Klein, Barry T., ed. ''Reference Encyclopedia of the American Indian''. Nyack, New York: Todd Publications, 2009. 10th ed. [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/317923332?referer=list_view WorldCat 317923332]; {{FHL|1122745|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 R259e}}.
 +
*Malinowski, Sharon and Sheets, Anna, eds. The Gale Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes. Detroit: Gale Publishing, 1998. 4 volumes. Includes: Lists of Federally Recognized Tribes for U.S., Alaska, and Canada – pp. 513-529 Alphabetical Listing of Tribes, with reference to volume and page in this series Map of “Historic Locations of U.S. Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Canadian Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Mexican, Hawaiian and Caribbean Native Groups” Maps of “State and Federally Recognized U.S. Indian Reservations. [http://www.worldcat.org/search?q=no:037475188 WorldCat 37475188]; {{FHL|831087|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 G131g}}.
 +
 +
:Vol. 1 -- Northeast, Southeast, Caribbean
 +
:Vol. 2 -- Great Basin, Southwest, Middle America
 +
:Vol. 3 -- Arctic, Subarctic, Great Plains, Plateau
 +
:Vol. 4 -- California, Pacific Northwest, Pacific Islands
 +
 +
*Sturtevant, William C. ''Handbook of North American Indians''. 20 vols., some not yet published. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1978– . <br>
 +
 +
:Volume 1 -- Not yet published
 +
:Volume 2 -- Indians in Contemporary Society (pub. 2008) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/234303751&referer=brief_results WorldCat 234303751]<br>
 +
:Volume 3 -- Environment, Origins, and Population (pub. 2006) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/255572371&referer=brief_results WorldCat 255572371]<br>
 +
:Volume 4 -- History of Indian-White Relations (pub. 1988) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/19331914&referer=brief_results WorldCat 19331914]; {{FHL|248632|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 H191h v.4}}.<br>
 +
:Volume 5 -- Arctic (pub. 1984) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/299653808&referer=brief_results WorldCat 299653808]; {{FHL|248632|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 H191h v.5}}.<br>
 +
:Volume 6 -- Subarctic (pub. 1981) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/247493742&referer=brief_results WorldCat 247493742]; {{FHL|248632|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 H191h v.6}}.<br>
 +
:Volume 7 -- Northwest Coast (pub. 1990) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/247493311&referer=brief_results WorldCat 247493311]<br>
 +
:Volume 8 -- California (pub. 1978) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/13240086&referer=brief_results WorldCat 13240086]; {{FHL|248632|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 H191h v.8}}.<br>
 +
:Volume 9 -- Southwest (pub. 1979) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/26140053&referer=brief_results WorldCat 26140053]; {{FHL|248632|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 H191h v.9}}.<br>
 +
:Volume 10 -- Southwest (pub. 1983) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/301504096&referer=brief_results WorldCat 301504096]; {{FHL|248632|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 H191h v.10}}.
 +
:Volume 11 -- Great Basin (pub. 1986) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/256516416&referer=brief_results WorldCat 256516416]; {{FHL|248632|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 H191h v.11}}.<br>
 +
:Volume 12 -- Plateau (pub. 1998) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/39401371&referer=brief_results WorldCat 39401371]; {{FHL|248632|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 H191h v.12}}.<br>
 +
:Volume 13 -- Plains, 2 vols. (pub. 2001) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/48209643&referer=brief_results WorldCat 48209643]<br>
 +
:Volume 14 -- Southeast (pub. 2004) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/254277176&referer=brief_results WorldCat 254277176]
 +
:Volume 15 -- Northwest (pub. 1978) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/256517503&referer=brief_results WorldCat 356517503]; {{FHL|248632|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 H191h v.15}}.<br>
 +
:Volume 16 -- Not yet published
 +
:Volume 17 -- Languages (pub. 1996) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/43957746&referer=brief_results WorldCat 43957746]<br>
 +
:Volume 18 -- Not yet published
 +
:Volume 19 -- Not yet published
 +
:Volume 20 -- Not yet published
 +
 +
*Swanton John R. ''The Indian Tribes of North America''. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145 [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/indianlocation.htm Available online].
 +
*Waldman, Carl. ''Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes''. New York, New York: Facts on File, 2006. 3rd ed. [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/14718193?referer=list_view WorldCat 14718193]; {{FHL|1465222|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 W146e 2006}}.
 +
 +
[[Category:Indian_Tribes_of_the_United_States]] [[Category:Alabama_Indian_Tribes]] [[Category:Mississippi_Indian_Tribes]]

Revision as of 20:22, 2 July 2012

Linquistice group: Muskogean

Original homeland: Southwestern Mississippi along the Mississippi River

Contents

Tribal Headquarters

Notchietown (Main) Office
P.O. Box 484
Gore (at Notchietown), Oklahoma 74435

Phone:  1-918-489-5055

Fort Smith Office
1008 North 14th Street
Fort Smith, Arkansas 72901
Phone:  1-479-221-7810

Eastern Band Natchez
79 Bluff Road
Columbia, South Carolina 29201-0456
Phone:  1-803-988-1074

Edisto Natchez - Kusso
1125 Ridge Road
Ridgeville, South Carolina 29472
Phone:  1-843-871-2126

official web site:http://natcheznation.com/

History

Early encounter with explorers 1543 Hernando de Soto, and in 1682 visit from Sieur de La Salle brought missionaries and fur traders.

Relationship was established with the French which later became a conflict when the Nachez Revolt was caused by the French governor, Chopart's desire to acquire their principal village as a plantation. The Nachez massacre of the French at Fort Rosalie.  The French joined forces with the Choctaw and the retaliation resulted in the Natchez leaving their villages in 1730 and dispersing among the Chickasaw, Creek, Catawba and Cherokee.

In the 1830's they removed with their host tribes to Indian Territory

On Line history

Brief Time Line

  • 1713: The French establish a trading post
  • 1716: Fort Rosalie established later becoming the center of the Nachez Revolt
  • 1716, 1722, 1729:the tribe was at war with the French
  • 1718: European colonistst negotiated for land - for large plantations
  • 1729 - 1731: Nachez Revolt; The French forced about 400 Natchez to surrender; killing some and sending others to Santo Domingo as slaves. Other tribal survivors joined the Chickasaw, Creek, CatawbaCherokee and Seminole tribes.
  • 1730: French and Choctaw joined forces aginst the Natchez,
  • 1832: Removed with their host tribes to Indian Territory
  • Assimilated into their host Tribes and lost their identity.

Agencies

Choctaw Agency - Mississippi

Choctaw Agency - Oklahoma

Chickasaw Agency - East

Chickasaw Agency - Oklahoma

Chickasaw and Seminole Agency

Creek Agency - Georgia

Creek Agency - Oklahoma

Cherokee Agency - Arkansas

Cherokee Agency - North Carolina

Cherokee Agency - Oklahoma

Cherokee Agency - Tennessee

Seminole Agency - Florida

Seminole Agency - Oklahoma

Reservations

Choctaw Reservation

Chickasaw Reservation

Creek Reservation

Cherokee Reservation

Seminole Reservation

Bibliography

  • Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives; Record Group 75, Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
  • Hodge, Frederick Webb. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1906 Available online.
  • Klein, Barry T., ed. Reference Encyclopedia of the American Indian. Nyack, New York: Todd Publications, 2009. 10th ed. WorldCat 317923332; FHL book 970.1 R259e.
  • Malinowski, Sharon and Sheets, Anna, eds. The Gale Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes. Detroit: Gale Publishing, 1998. 4 volumes. Includes: Lists of Federally Recognized Tribes for U.S., Alaska, and Canada – pp. 513-529 Alphabetical Listing of Tribes, with reference to volume and page in this series Map of “Historic Locations of U.S. Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Canadian Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Mexican, Hawaiian and Caribbean Native Groups” Maps of “State and Federally Recognized U.S. Indian Reservations. WorldCat 37475188; FHL book 970.1 G131g.
Vol. 1 -- Northeast, Southeast, Caribbean
Vol. 2 -- Great Basin, Southwest, Middle America
Vol. 3 -- Arctic, Subarctic, Great Plains, Plateau
Vol. 4 -- California, Pacific Northwest, Pacific Islands
  • Sturtevant, William C. Handbook of North American Indians. 20 vols., some not yet published. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1978– .
Volume 1 -- Not yet published
Volume 2 -- Indians in Contemporary Society (pub. 2008) -- WorldCat 234303751
Volume 3 -- Environment, Origins, and Population (pub. 2006) -- WorldCat 255572371
Volume 4 -- History of Indian-White Relations (pub. 1988) -- WorldCat 19331914; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.4.
Volume 5 -- Arctic (pub. 1984) -- WorldCat 299653808; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.5.
Volume 6 -- Subarctic (pub. 1981) -- WorldCat 247493742; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.6.
Volume 7 -- Northwest Coast (pub. 1990) -- WorldCat 247493311
Volume 8 -- California (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 13240086; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.8.
Volume 9 -- Southwest (pub. 1979) -- WorldCat 26140053; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.9.
Volume 10 -- Southwest (pub. 1983) -- WorldCat 301504096; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.10.
Volume 11 -- Great Basin (pub. 1986) -- WorldCat 256516416; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.11.
Volume 12 -- Plateau (pub. 1998) -- WorldCat 39401371; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.12.
Volume 13 -- Plains, 2 vols. (pub. 2001) -- WorldCat 48209643
Volume 14 -- Southeast (pub. 2004) -- WorldCat 254277176
Volume 15 -- Northwest (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 356517503; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.15.
Volume 16 -- Not yet published
Volume 17 -- Languages (pub. 1996) -- WorldCat 43957746
Volume 18 -- Not yet published
Volume 19 -- Not yet published
Volume 20 -- Not yet published