New Brunswick Census, 1861 (FamilySearch Historical Records)

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== Record Description  ==
 
== Record Description  ==
  
Census schedules were taken on large sheets of paper with preprinted rows and columns. They are bound into volumes, arranged by county, then by district.
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Census schedules were taken on large sheets of paper with preprinted rows and columns. They are bound into volumes, arranged by county, then by district.  
  
 
=== Citation for This Collection  ===
 
=== Citation for This Collection  ===
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Information abaout creating source citations for FamilySearch Historical Collections is listed in the wiki article [[Help:How to Create Source Citations For FamilySearch Historical Records Collections]].  
 
Information abaout creating source citations for FamilySearch Historical Collections is listed in the wiki article [[Help:How to Create Source Citations For FamilySearch Historical Records Collections]].  
  
=== Record Content  ===
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== Record Content  ==
  
 
Some of the key genealogical facts found in the 1861 New Brunswick Census are:  
 
Some of the key genealogical facts found in the 1861 New Brunswick Census are:  

Revision as of 20:36, 25 April 2012

FamilySearch Record Search This article describes a collection of historical records available at FamilySearch.org.
Access the records: New Brunswick 1861 Census .

Contents

Collection Time Period

This census was taken in 1861 for the census year 1860

Record Description

Census schedules were taken on large sheets of paper with preprinted rows and columns. They are bound into volumes, arranged by county, then by district.

Citation for This Collection

The following citation refers to the original source of the data and images published on FamilySearch.org Historical Records. It may include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.

Board of Registration and Statistics. New Brunswick Census, 1861. Library and Archives of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario. FHL microfilm, 286 reels. Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah.

Information abaout creating source citations for FamilySearch Historical Collections is listed in the wiki article Help:How to Create Source Citations For FamilySearch Historical Records Collections.

Record Content

Some of the key genealogical facts found in the 1861 New Brunswick Census are:

  • Name
  • Gender
  • Relationships of all individuals in household to head of household
  • Race (ethnic origin) or birthplace
  • Residence
  • Profession
  • Family members

How to Use the Records

This census records the birthplace or ethnic origin for each person, along with his or her age, and other personal information. Since the census attempted to record all the people living in a household, it may identify individuals for whom other records simply do not exist.

Record History

The Census contains the 1861 census for the province of New Brunswick. At this time New Brunswick was considered a separate colony from the rest of the old Province of Canada. This census was created separately and differs from the form used in the other areas of the Province of Canada. Census takers were asked to record information about all those who were in each household on the census day. A census taker might have visited a house on a later date, but the information he collected was supposed to be about the people who were in the house on the census day.

Enumeration was by census district. For the most part, census districts were synonymous with cities and counties, and sub districts were synonymous with towns, townships, and city wards. Villages, small towns, and parishes were generally enumerated as part of the township in which they were located. Census district and county boundaries were not always the same and there were many variations from location to location.

The accuracy of the census depended on the knowledge of the informant and the care of the enumerator. Realize that the information may have been given to a census taker by any member of the family or even by a neighbor. Some information may have been incorrect or deliberately falsified.

Why the Record Was Created

Canadian census records were taken to enumerate the population for representation, taxation, and other purposes.

Record Reliability

The accuracy of the census depended on the knowledge of the informant and the care of the enumerator. Realize that the information may have been given to a census taker by any member of the family or even by a neighbor. Some information may have been incorrect or deliberately falsified.

Related Web Sites

Campobello, New Brunswick Census Index

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Related Wiki Articles

Contributions to This Article

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. Guidelines are available to help you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide. If you would like to get more involved join the WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections

When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.

A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article Help:How to Create Source Citations For FamilySearch Historical Records Collections.

Example of Source Citations for a Record Found in This Collection

"New Brunswick Census, 1861", database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org: accessed 31 March 2011), William A Moore, 1861; citing Census Records, digital folder 5,108,520; image number 00151; Library and Archives of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.