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The early New Brunswick censuses which list names are basically Acadian French censuses. They provide relationships, ages, and names. They were taken in the years 1671, 1686, 1693, 1695, 1698, and 1701. The censuses of 1703 and 1707 provide the names of heads of households.
The rest of the censuses are as follows:
1714 Head of household (for Acadia and Des Mines)
1714 Names are listed (for the Parish of Beaubassin only)
1731,1733 Head of household in Acadia
1739 Head of household (all Acadia and part of the St. John River valley)
1762,1763,1767 Enumeration (counting) of inhabitants only
1783 Head of household (St. John River valley)
1803 Head of household (Prince William parish, Hopewell, Sackville, and Westmorland)
1820 Head of household (Botsford, Dorchester)
1821 Head of household and wife (Grand Manan)
1851 Names, ages, occupations, year entered colony are listed (whole province)
1861,1871 Names, ages, occupations, religion, etc., are listed (whole province)
1881,1891 Names, ages, occupations, religion, etc., are listed (whole province)
1901 Names, ages, occupations, religion, etc., are listed (whole province)
1911 Names, ages, occupations, religion, etc., are listed (whole province)
The censuses for 1851–1881 are not all complete. Returns for some parishes and sometimes whole counties have not survived. A list of the surviving census returns can be found in Robert F. Fellows' Researching Your Ancestors in New Brunswick pages 128–144 and Genealogist's Handbook for Atlantic Canada Research edited by Terrence M. Punch, pages 7–12. These censuses are available at the National Archives of Canada, the Family History Library, and local Family History Centers. Many of the earlier censuses have been compiled in various genealogical periodicals.
Censuses beginning in 1871 are national censuses taken by the federal government. Most available national censuses have been indexed. Indexes and links to them are listed at the Library and Archives Canada web site.
A wiki article describing an online collection is found at:
[New_Brunswick_1861_Census_(FamilySearch_Historical_Records)|New Brunswick1861 Census (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]