New Hampshire Census

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[[Portal:United States Census|Portal:United States Census ]]>[[New Hampshire|New Hampshire]]  
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''[[United States|United States ]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]]  [[United States Census|U.S. Census ]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]]  [[New Hampshire|New Hampshire]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]]  [[New_Hampshire_Census|Census]]''
  
== Availability  ==
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{| width="100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
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|-
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| width="44%" | __TOC__
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| valign="middle" | <center><font size="+1">'''Tips'''</font></center>
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*If at first you don't find a name, try again under [[Spelling Substitution Tables for the United States and Canada|another spelling]].
 +
*[[Copying Sources|Photocopy]] each ancestor's census. Identify where you found it.
 +
*Look for an ancestor in '''''every''''' census during her or his lifetime.
 +
*On the [[Adding a Custom Event to a PAF Family Group Record|family group record]] show&nbsp;each person's census listings.
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*Study&nbsp;others in the same household, neighbors, and anyone with the similar names nearby on the census in [[Research a Family in Community Context|community context]].
  
<br>'''1800 Census Omissions--'''The 1800 census is missing for the towns of Alton, Barnstead, Brookfield, Effingham, Gilmantown, Middleton, New Durham, Ossipee, Tuftonborough, Wakefield, and Wolfeborough in Strafford County. Fortunately, the 1798 Direct Tax for many of these towns exists and serves as a census substitute. The 1800 census is also missing the towns of Atkinson, Greenland, Hampton, Hampton Falls, Londonderry, Northampton, Pehlam, Plaistow, Salem, Seabrook, Stratham, and Windham in Rockingham County.
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<br>  
  
'''1820 Census Omissions--'''The 1820 census is missing for Grafton County and the Rockingham County towns of Gosport, Greenland, New Castle, Newington, Portmouth, and Rye, Most of the census for Strafford County is missing except for the towns of Centre Harbor, Gilford, Moultonborough, New Hampton, and Sanbornton.  
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*For a list of the exact date of each federal census, [[New Hampshire Censuses Existing and Lost|click here]].
  
'''1850 Census Problem--'''Before the boundary dispute was settled in 1842, many residents of northern Coos County considered themselves within Canadian jurisdiction, so the Coos County census may be incomplete before 1850.<br>
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|}
  
== Historical Background ==
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=== Online New Hampshire indexes and images ===
  
'''1788--'''New Hampshire became a state, as&nbsp;the 9th state added to the Union in 1788.
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{{Census Online New Hampshire}}
  
== Indexes ==
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=== Federal population schedules ===
  
'''Ancestry--'''All New Hampshire census records are indexed at [http://www.ancestry.com www.ancestry.com]
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==== Microfilm images  ====
  
== Special Censuses  ==
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{| width="700" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
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|+ '''Federal Census Microfilms Available from the [[Family History Library|Family History Library]]'''
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|-
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| 1940 N/A
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| {{FHL|638158|title-id|disp=1910}}&nbsp;
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| {{FHL|705445|title-id|disp=1860}}
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|-
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| {{FHL|1037455|title-id|disp=1930}}
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| {{FHL|638253|title-id|disp=1900 and Soundex}}
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| {{FHL|744489|title-id|disp=1850}}
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|-
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| {{FHL|576385|title-id|disp=1920&nbsp;and Soundex}}
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| {{FHL|676491|title-id|disp=1880 and Soundex}}
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| {{FHL|129559|title-id|disp=1800}}
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|-
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|
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| {{FHL|698910|title-id|disp=1870}}
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| {{FHL|121535|title-id|disp=1790}}
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|}
  
==== Colonial Censuses  ====
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<br>
  
Enumerations of colonial residents were made in New Hampshire for various years prior to the federal census. Lists of early residents from 1732 to 1742 that can be used as substitutes for census records are found in the tax records of the towns.  
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{| width="700" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
 +
|+ '''Federal Census Microfilms Available from the [[National Archives and Records Administration|National Archives]]'''
 +
|-
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| 1940 N/A
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1900/part-08.html#new-hampshire 1900 T623] and [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1900/part-04.html#new-hampshire Soundex T1059]
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-03.html#new-hampshire 1850 M432&nbsp;]
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-02.html#1810 1810 M252]
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|-
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| [http://1930census.archives.gov/beginSearch.asp 1930 T626]
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-07.html#new-hampshire 1880 T9] and [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-06.html#new-hampshire Soundex T762]
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-02.html#1840 1840 M704]
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-02.html#1800 1800 M32]
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|-
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1920/part-08.html#new-hampshire 1920 T625]&nbsp;<span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1282155234914_935" /><span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1282155234914_56" />and [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1920/part-04.html#new-hampshire Soundex M1575]
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-05.html#new-hampshire 1870 M593]
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-02.html#1830 1830 M19]
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-02.html#1790 1790 M637]
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|-
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1910/part-03.html#new-hampshire 1910 T624]
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-04.html#new-hampshire 1860 M653]
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-02.html#1820 1820 M33]
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| &nbsp;
 +
|}
  
'''1776 Census--'''This Colonial census is a list of men age 21 and over who declared their position regarding the Revolutionary War. It has been published in the following book:  
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==== Indexes: fiche, film, or book  ====
  
*Jay Mack Holbrook, ''New Hampshire 1776 Census'' (Oxford, Mass.: Holbrook Research Institute, 1976; FHL book 974.1 X2h 1776). This book lists the name, town and county of residence, whethere they were for or against the Revolutionary War, and the page number from Volume 30 of the New Hampshire State Papers.
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For a list of microform and book indexes for the population schedules of New Hampshire, [[New Hampshire Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book|click here]]
  
 +
=== Federal non-population schedules  ===
  
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==== Online indexes and images  ====
  
== State Censuses  ==
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{| align="center" width="77%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1"
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|-
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9900" colspan="11" | <font size="+1">'''Online Federal Non-Population Schedules for New Hampshire'''</font>
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|-
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| bgcolor="#ff9900" colspan="2" | <br>
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9966" colspan="3" | '''Free'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#cccccc" colspan="3" | '''Free at Some Libraries''' (usually&nbsp;with&nbsp;library&nbsp;card)
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9900" | '''Pay'''
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|-
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9900" | '''Year'''
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| align="center" width="10%" bgcolor="#ff9900" | '''Type'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9966" | '''Record Search'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9966" | '''Census Bureau'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9966" | '''Google Book'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#cccccc" | '''Heritage Quest'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#cccccc" | '''Ancestry FHL'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#cccccc" | '''Ancestry Library'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9900" | '''Ancestry Home'''
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|-
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| '''1890'''
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| width="20%" | Veterans
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| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1610551 Link]
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8667&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8667&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8667&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
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|-
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| '''1880'''
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| width="20%" | Mortality
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| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1417683 Link]
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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|-
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| '''1870'''
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| Mortality
 +
| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1438024 Link]
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| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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|-
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| '''1860'''
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| Mortality
 +
| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1473181 Link]
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
|-
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| '''1850'''
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| Mortality
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| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1401638 Link]
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
|-
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| '''1840'''
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| Pensioners
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| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1786457 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/1840c-01.pdf BookLink]
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| align="center" | [http://books.google.com/books?id=W7JYAAAAMAAJ&dq=1840+census+pensioners&printsec=frontcover&source=bl&ots=W0XUmfgahX&sig=WRyMIVwiePLwKmlxhbchJl1ZeeA&hl=en&ei=SJ0MSvSrBqOMtgf19I2FCA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=10#PPA61,M1 BookLink]
 +
| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7678 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7678 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7678 Link]
 +
|}
  
New Hampshire does not have a state census.
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==== Family History Library Catalog Film References  ====
  
== Territorial Censuses  ==
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{| width="100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
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|-
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| {{FHL|431769|title-id|disp=1880 mortality schedule}}
 +
| {{FHL|431758|title-id|disp=1860 mortality schedule}}
 +
|-
 +
| {{FHL|630103|title-id|disp=1880 agriculture, industry schedule}}
 +
| {{FHL|630086|title-id|disp=1860 agriculture, industry schedule}}
 +
|-
 +
| {{FHL|431765|title-id|disp=1870 mortality schedule}}
 +
| {{FHL|431742|title-id|disp=1850 mortality schedule}}
 +
|-
 +
| {{FHL|630096|title-id|disp=1870 agriculture, industry schedule}}
 +
| {{FHL|489561|title-id|disp=1850 agriculture, industry schedule}}
 +
|}
  
New Hampshire was never a territory, so it does not have a territorial census.
+
==== Indexes: fiche, film, or book  ====
  
== Web Sites  ==
+
For a list of microform and book indexes for the non-population schedules of New Hampshire, [[New Hampshire Non-Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book|click here]].
  
Ancestry:&nbsp; [http://www.ancestry.com http://www.ancestry.com]
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=== State, territorial, and colonial censuses  ===
  
Heritage Quest Online:&nbsp; [http://www.heritagequestonline.com http://www.heritagequestonline.com]
+
New Hampshire took early listing of individuals that will help locate family members. The responses and years of coverage may give additional information on the family.  
  
Census Online:&nbsp; [http://www.census-online.com/links/NH/ http://www.census-online.com/links/NH/]
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*''Census of New Hampshire, for the years 1767-1775'' {{FHL|5404|title-id|disp=FHL US/CAN Film 983687}}
  
Genealogy Today:&nbsp; [http://dir.genealogytoday.com/usa/nh/census.html http://dir.genealogytoday.com/usa/nh/census.html]  
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*'''1776 '''State census of men over age 21 who declared their Revolutionary War position. Jay Mack Holbrook compiled the ''New Hampshire 1776 Census'', which lists name, town and county of residence, whether for or against the Revolutionary War, and page number. The page number refers to the''New Hampshire Provincial and State Papers'', volume 30, which is available online through www.ancestry.com at familysearch centers.<ref>Jay Mack Holbrook, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/2619932 New Hampshire 1776 Census]'' (Oxford, Mass.: Holbrook Research Institute, 1976)[[{{Holbroo}}]]. This book lists the name, town and county of residence, whether they were for or against the Revolutionary War, and the page number from the ''New Hampshire provincial and state papers'', vol. 30 [FHL Book 974.2 N2nhp v. 30; Film 983567].</ref>
  
Access Genealogy:&nbsp;[http://www.accessgenealogy.com/census/newhampshire.htm http://www.accessgenealogy.com/census/newhampshire.htm]
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=== Existing and lost censuses  ===
  
== Bibliographic Citations  ==
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For a list of available and missing New Hampshire censuses, [[New Hampshire Censuses Existing and Lost|click here]]. <br>
  
''[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/Search/Rg/frameset_rg.asp?Dest=G1&Aid=&Gid=&Lid=&Sid=&Did=&Juris1=&Event=&Year=&Gloss=&Sub=&Tab=&Entry=&Guide=New_Hampshire.ASP New Hampshire Research Outline].'' Salt Lake City, Utah: Intellectual Reserve, Inc., Family History Department, 1998, 2001. <!-- Tidy found serious XHTML errors -->
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=== Why use a census?  ===
  
&nbsp;<!-- Tidy found serious XHTML errors -->
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A well-indexed census is one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor's family lived and when they lived there. You can also use censuses to follow the changes in a family over time, and identify neighbors. These and other clues provided by censuses are important because they help find additional kinds of records about the family.
  
'''&nbsp;'''<!-- Tidy found serious XHTML errors --><!-- Tidy found serious XHTML errors --><!-- Tidy found serious XHTML errors --><!-- Tidy found serious XHTML errors --><!-- Tidy found serious XHTML errors --><!-- Tidy found serious XHTML errors -->
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=== More about censuses  ===
 +
 
 +
[[United States Census|Click here]] for additional details about how to use censuses, such as:
 +
 
 +
:*[[United States Census Searching|index searching tips]]
 +
:*[[United States Census Analyzing Census Data|analyzing and using what you find]]
 +
:*[[United States Census Accuracy|census accuracy]]
 +
:*[[United States Census Historical Background|historical background]]
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:*[[United States Census#Contents_of_Federal_Censuses|contents of various census years and types]]
 +
 
 +
=== Sources and footnotes  ===
 +
 
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{{reflist}}
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{{Place|New Hampshire}} {{USCensus}} {{New_Hampshire|New_Hampshire}}
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[[Category:New_Hampshire|Census]] [[Category:Census_by_State|{{PAGENAME}}]]

Revision as of 23:14, 7 May 2012

United States  go to  U.S. Census  go to  New Hampshire  go to  Census

Contents

Tips
  • If at first you don't find a name, try again under another spelling.
  • Photocopy each ancestor's census. Identify where you found it.
  • Look for an ancestor in every census during her or his lifetime.
  • On the family group record show each person's census listings.
  • Study others in the same household, neighbors, and anyone with the similar names nearby on the census in community context.


  • For a list of the exact date of each federal census, click here.

Online New Hampshire indexes and images

Online Federal and State Population Schedules of New Hampshire 
  Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card)* Pay
Family
Search[1]
Internet Archive[2]  Misc.  Heritage Quest[3] Fold3[4] Ancestry FHL[5] Ancestry Library[5] Ancestry Home[5] Archives[6] Family Link[7]
1940 indexes Link - Link
Link
- - Link Link Link - -
images Link - Link
Link
Link
- - Link Link Link Link Link
1930 indexes Link - - - Link Link Link Link Link
Link
images Link Link - Link Link Link Link Link - Link
1920 indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1910 indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1900 indexes Link Soundex - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1880 indexes Link Soundex - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images - Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1870 indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1860 indexes Link - - Link Link Link Link Link Link -
images - Link - Link Link Link Link Link - Link
1850 indexes Link - - - - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1840 indexes Link - - - - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1830 indexes Link - - - - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
partial 1820 indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1810 indexes Link - - Link  - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
partial 1800 indexes Link - - Link  - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1790 indexes Link - - Link  - Link  Link  Link  Link -
images Link Link Tran-
script
Link - Link Link Link - Link
  Family Search Internet Archive Misc.  Heritage Quest Fold3 Ancestry FHL  Ancestry Library  Ancestry Home Archives Family Link
Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card) Pay


Federal population schedules

Microfilm images

Federal Census Microfilms Available from the Family History Library
1940 N/A 1910  1860
1930 1900 and Soundex 1850
1920 and Soundex 1880 and Soundex 1800
1870 1790


Federal Census Microfilms Available from the National Archives
1940 N/A 1900 T623 and Soundex T1059 1850 M432  1810 M252
1930 T626 1880 T9 and Soundex T762 1840 M704 1800 M32
1920 T625 and Soundex M1575 1870 M593 1830 M19 1790 M637
1910 T624 1860 M653 1820 M33  

Indexes: fiche, film, or book

For a list of microform and book indexes for the population schedules of New Hampshire, click here

Federal non-population schedules

Online indexes and images

Online Federal Non-Population Schedules for New Hampshire

Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with library card) Pay
Year Type Record Search Census Bureau Google Book Heritage Quest Ancestry FHL Ancestry Library Ancestry Home
1890 Veterans Link - - - Link Link Link
1880 Mortality Link - - - Link Link Link
1870 Mortality Link - - - Link Link Link
1860 Mortality Link - - - Link Link Link
1850 Mortality Link - - - Link Link Link
1840 Pensioners Link BookLink BookLink - Link Link Link

Family History Library Catalog Film References

1880 mortality schedule 1860 mortality schedule
1880 agriculture, industry schedule 1860 agriculture, industry schedule
1870 mortality schedule 1850 mortality schedule
1870 agriculture, industry schedule 1850 agriculture, industry schedule

Indexes: fiche, film, or book

For a list of microform and book indexes for the non-population schedules of New Hampshire, click here.

State, territorial, and colonial censuses

New Hampshire took early listing of individuals that will help locate family members. The responses and years of coverage may give additional information on the family.

  • 1776 State census of men over age 21 who declared their Revolutionary War position. Jay Mack Holbrook compiled the New Hampshire 1776 Census, which lists name, town and county of residence, whether for or against the Revolutionary War, and page number. The page number refers to theNew Hampshire Provincial and State Papers, volume 30, which is available online through www.ancestry.com at familysearch centers.[8]

Existing and lost censuses

For a list of available and missing New Hampshire censuses, click here.

Why use a census?

A well-indexed census is one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor's family lived and when they lived there. You can also use censuses to follow the changes in a family over time, and identify neighbors. These and other clues provided by censuses are important because they help find additional kinds of records about the family.

More about censuses

Click here for additional details about how to use censuses, such as:

Sources and footnotes

  1. FamilySearch, a free online service of the Family History Library, including free images of many federal censuses, including an index of the 1880 federal census of the United States; connected with 1880 census images provided by Ancestry.com, a subscription site.
  2. Internet Archive, a free online service includes free images of most of the federal censuses.
  3. HeritageQuest has arranged with many subscribing public libraries in the United States to allow users free access on home computers by means of their personal library card numbers. HeritageQuest provides images of all surviving 1790 to 1930 federal censuses, and indexes to many but not all of them.
  4. Fold3, formerly known as Footnote.com, a subscription site partnering with the National Archives and includes some federal censuses. Free access is available at many public libraries.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Ancestry.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving federal and many state census records, among other sources. They have three online editions: (1) an FHL edition free only at the Family History Library and a few Family History Centers, (2) a slightly smaller Library edition free only at some public libraries, and (3) a Home edition subscription service for individuals.
  6. Archives.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving federal census records, among other sources.
  7. FamilyLink.com, a subscription site that provides online images (and some indexes) to all surviving federal and many state census records, among other sources.
  8. Jay Mack Holbrook, New Hampshire 1776 Census (Oxford, Mass.: Holbrook Research Institute, 1976)[FHL Book 974.2 X2h 1776]. This book lists the name, town and county of residence, whether they were for or against the Revolutionary War, and the page number from the New Hampshire provincial and state papers, vol. 30 [FHL Book 974.2 N2nhp v. 30; Film 983567].