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(I deleted the internet archives site because it only has volume 20. The State Archives Internet Site has all of the volumes online.)
 
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''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]] [[United States Court Records|U.S. Court Records]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]] [[New Hampshire|New Hampshire]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]] [[New_Hampshire_Court_Records|Court Records]]''
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Many of your ancestors may be found in court records. They may be listed as defendants, plaintiffs, witnesses, or jurors. They may have participated in cases involving probate, adoption, guardianship, divorce, debt, licenses, civil and criminal law suits, crimes, property disputes, appointment to public offices, or other matters brought before a court. Court records can establish family relationships and places of residence. They often provide occupations, descriptions of individuals, and other family history information.  
 
Many of your ancestors may be found in court records. They may be listed as defendants, plaintiffs, witnesses, or jurors. They may have participated in cases involving probate, adoption, guardianship, divorce, debt, licenses, civil and criminal law suits, crimes, property disputes, appointment to public offices, or other matters brought before a court. Court records can establish family relationships and places of residence. They often provide occupations, descriptions of individuals, and other family history information.  
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=== Timeline  ===
  
 
New Hampshire courts have kept records of genealogical value that include the following:  
 
New Hampshire courts have kept records of genealogical value that include the following:  
  
1682: present Justices of the peace have jurisdiction over minor civil and criminal matters in each town.  
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*'''1682-present:''' Justices of the peace have jurisdiction over minor civil and criminal matters in each town. <br>
  
1769–1824: Courts of general quarter sessions handled civil and criminal matters (1769–1794 and 1820–1824).  
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*'''1769–1824:''' Courts of general quarter sessions handled civil and criminal matters (1769–1794 and 1820–1824). <br>
  
1769–1859: Justices of the courts of common pleas had jurisdiction over civil matters (1769–1820 and 1824–1859).  
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*'''1769–1859:''' Justices of the courts of common pleas had jurisdiction over civil matters (1769–1820 and 1824–1859). <br>
  
1769–present: Superior courts are county-wide courts with jurisdiction over divorce and alimony, marriages, equity matters, and some appeals (1769–1813, 1816–1855, and 1901–present).  
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*'''1769–present:''' Superior courts are county-wide courts with jurisdiction over divorce and alimony, marriages, equity matters, and some appeals (1769–1813, 1816–1855, and 1901–present). <br>
  
1874–1876: Circuit Courts held appellate jurisdiction during this period.  
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*'''1874–1876:''' Circuit Courts held appellate jurisdiction during this period. <br>
  
1813–present: The Supreme Court is the statewide appellate court (1813–1816, 1855–1874, 1876–present).  
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*'''1813–present:''' The Supreme Court is the statewide appellate court (1813–1816, 1855–1874, 1876–present). <br>
  
 
=== Colonial Court Records  ===
 
=== Colonial Court Records  ===
  
New Hampshire. Courts. ''Colonial Court Records, 1638–1772 Approx.'' Salt Lake City, Utah: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1975. (On 207 FHL films beginning with 1001334.) These include civil court cases and miscellaneous material in over 30,000 files and indexes found at the Division of Records and Management Archives in Concord, New Hampshire. There is a surname index, and the court records are filed by file number.  
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New Hampshire court records of the Provincial Period 1630s-1772 are at the New Hampshire State Archives. Most of those records have either been microfilmed or published, as explained below:
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*New Hampshire. Courts. ''Colonial Court Records, 1638–1772 Approx.'' Salt Lake City, Utah: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1975. These include civil court cases and miscellaneous material in over 30,000 files and indexes found at the Division of Records and Management Archives in Concord, New Hampshire. On several films there is an index to individuals' first and last names, with file numbers. The court records are arranged by file number. ({{FHL|312877|title-id|disp=On 207 FHL films beginning with 1001334}}.) <br>
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*''New Hampshire Provincial and State Papers, 40 vols''. Concord, New Hampshire: State Printer, 1867–1943. ({{FHL|974.2 N2nhp|disp=Family History Library book 974.2 N2nhp; On 21 films beginning with 1033734; some volumes on fiche 6046775 and 6046728}}.) The volumes that deal with court records are volumes 1–7, films 1033734–37; volume 10, film 1033737, item 2; volume 19, film 1033738; volumes 20–22, films 1033739–40, and volume 40, film 1033745 item 2, (vol. 40 has the county court records 1640-1692 with a first and last name index). Names are often spelled in various ways. Each volume is indexed. The volumes and an every-name index are available at the New Hampshire [http://www.sos.nh.gov/archives/nhstatepapers.html State Archives Internet site]. There is also an [http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~vtwindha/nhsp/index.htm online index] to the entire forty volume set at rootsweb.ancestry.com.&nbsp;
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For more information on the New Hampshire Provincial and State Papers, see:
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:*Wallace, R. Stout. "''The State Papers, A Descriptive Guide."''&nbsp; Concord, New Hampshire: Historical Society of New Hampshire, 1976.&nbsp;''Historical New Hampshire''&nbsp;31 ({{FHL|1258372|title-id|disp=Fall 1976): 119–28. (Family History Library book 974.2 H25h.)}}
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:*Towle, Laird C. ''New Hampshire Genealogical Research Guide''. Bowie, Maryland.: Heritage Books, 1983. This has a detailed list of what each volume of the state papers contains. ({{FHL|165736|title-id|disp=FHL book 974.2 D27t}}.)
  
''New Hampshire Provincial and State Papers, 40 vols''. Concord, New Hampshire: State Printer, 1867–1943. (Family History Library book 974.2 N2nhp; On 21 films beginning with 1033734; some volumes on fiche 6046775 and 6046728.) The volumes that deal with court records are volumes 1–7, films 1033734–37; volume 10, film 1033737, item 2; volume 19, film 1033738; volumes 20–22, films 1033739–40. Each volume is indexed. For more information on the New Hampshire Provincial and State Papers, see:
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=== See Also ===
  
Wallace, R. Stout. ''The State Papers, A Descriptive Guide'', ''Historical New Hampshire 31'' (Fall 1976): 119–28. (Family History Library book 974.2 H25h.)
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See [[United States Court Records]] for more detailed information on court records. Refer to [[New Hampshire Probate Records]] and [[New Hampshire Naturalization and Citizenship]] for information about those specific court records.  
  
Towle, Laird C. ''New Hampshire Genealogical Research Guide''. Bowie, Maryland.: Heritage Books, 1983. (FHL book 974.2 D27t.) This has a detailed list of what each volume of the state papers contains.
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=== Family History Library  ===
  
See the "[[United States Court Records|Court Records]]" section of the United States Research Outline (30972) for more detailed information on court records. Refer to the "[[New Hampshire Probate Records|Probate Records]]" and "[[New Hampshire Naturalization and Citizenship|Naturalization and Citizenship]]" sections of this outline for information about those specific court records.
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Court records are listed in the [https://www.familysearch.org/#form=catalog Place Search] of the Family History Library Catalog under:
  
Court records are listed in the Locality Search of the Family History Library Catalog under:  
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:NEW HAMPSHIRE- COURT RECORDS
  
NEW HAMPSHIRE- COURT RECORDS  
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:NEW HAMPSHIRE,[COUNTY]- COURT RECORDS  
  
NEW HAMPSHIRE,[COUNTY]- COURT RECORDS  
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:NEW HAMPSHIRE,[COUNTY],[TOWN]- COURT RECORDS  
  
NEW HAMPSHIRE,[COUNTY],[TOWN]- COURT RECORDS
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{{New_Hampshire|New_Hampshire}}
  
[[Category:New_Hampshire]]
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[[Category:New_Hampshire|Court]]

Latest revision as of 23:03, 29 March 2013

United States go to U.S. Court Records go to New Hampshire go to Court Records

Many of your ancestors may be found in court records. They may be listed as defendants, plaintiffs, witnesses, or jurors. They may have participated in cases involving probate, adoption, guardianship, divorce, debt, licenses, civil and criminal law suits, crimes, property disputes, appointment to public offices, or other matters brought before a court. Court records can establish family relationships and places of residence. They often provide occupations, descriptions of individuals, and other family history information.

Contents

Timeline

New Hampshire courts have kept records of genealogical value that include the following:

  • 1682-present: Justices of the peace have jurisdiction over minor civil and criminal matters in each town.
  • 1769–1824: Courts of general quarter sessions handled civil and criminal matters (1769–1794 and 1820–1824).
  • 1769–1859: Justices of the courts of common pleas had jurisdiction over civil matters (1769–1820 and 1824–1859).
  • 1769–present: Superior courts are county-wide courts with jurisdiction over divorce and alimony, marriages, equity matters, and some appeals (1769–1813, 1816–1855, and 1901–present).
  • 1874–1876: Circuit Courts held appellate jurisdiction during this period.
  • 1813–present: The Supreme Court is the statewide appellate court (1813–1816, 1855–1874, 1876–present).

Colonial Court Records

New Hampshire court records of the Provincial Period 1630s-1772 are at the New Hampshire State Archives. Most of those records have either been microfilmed or published, as explained below:

  • New Hampshire. Courts. Colonial Court Records, 1638–1772 Approx. Salt Lake City, Utah: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1975. These include civil court cases and miscellaneous material in over 30,000 files and indexes found at the Division of Records and Management Archives in Concord, New Hampshire. On several films there is an index to individuals' first and last names, with file numbers. The court records are arranged by file number. (On 207 FHL films beginning with 1001334.)

For more information on the New Hampshire Provincial and State Papers, see:

  • Towle, Laird C. New Hampshire Genealogical Research Guide. Bowie, Maryland.: Heritage Books, 1983. This has a detailed list of what each volume of the state papers contains. (FHL book 974.2 D27t.)

See Also

See United States Court Records for more detailed information on court records. Refer to New Hampshire Probate Records and New Hampshire Naturalization and Citizenship for information about those specific court records.

Family History Library

Court records are listed in the Place Search of the Family History Library Catalog under:

NEW HAMPSHIRE- COURT RECORDS
NEW HAMPSHIRE,[COUNTY]- COURT RECORDS
NEW HAMPSHIRE,[COUNTY],[TOWN]- COURT RECORDS

 

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  • This page was last modified on 29 March 2013, at 23:03.
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