New Hampshire Probate Records

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[[Portal:United States Probate|Portal:United States Probate ]]>[[New Hampshire|New Hampshire]]  
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''[[United States|United States ]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[New Hampshire|New Hampshire ]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[New_Hampshire_Probate_Records|Probate Records]]''
  
== History ==
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== Record Synopsis  ==
  
Probate records are court records created after an person’s death that document the court’s decisions regarding the distribution of the estate. These records include wills, administrations, letters testamentary, inventories, guardianships, and other documents. You may find the person’s exact death date; the names of family members, including the names of spouses of the children; and residences. You may also learn about the adoption or guardianship of minor children and dependents. Through the inventories, you will find the worth of their property and the land holdings they had. Probate records are the best single source for family names and family relationships.  
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Probate is the “court procedure by which a will is proved to be valid or invalid” and encompasses “all matters and proceedings pertaining to the administration of estates, guardianships, etc.”<ref>Henry Campbell Black, ''Black's Law Dictionary,'' 5th ed. (St. Paul, Minnesota: West Publishing Co., 1979), 1081, "probate."</ref> Genealogists often refer to 'Probate Records' as "All records which relate to the disposition of an estate," whether the person died leaving a will (testate) or not (intestate).<ref>Val. D. Greenwood, ''The Researcher's Guide to American Genealogy,'' 3rd ed. (Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 2000), 309.</ref>
  
== Availability ==
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Various types of records are created throughout the probate process. These may include, wills, guardianships, bonds, petitions, accounts, inventories, administrations, orders, depositions, decrees, and distributions. These documents are extremely valuable to genealogists and should not be neglected. In many instances, they are the only known source of relevant information such as the decedent’s date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their places of residence. They may also include information about adoption or guardianship of minor children and dependents.
  
Probate records from 1636–1771, originally filed in Portsmouth and Exeter, are now in the collection at the New Hampshire Records Management and Archives.&nbsp;Probate records are now found in the county courthouse of each county. These probate files include letters, affidavits, bills, receipts, original wills, and inventories. Records of towns along the Massachusetts border may be found in either [[Massachusetts|Massachusetts]] or [[New Hampshire|New Hampshire]]. Some early probate records have been printed and can be found in:
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For further information about the probate process, types of probate records, analyzing probate records, and to access a glossary of probate terms, see [[United_States_Probate_Records|United States Probate Records]].  
  
*''Probate Records of the Province of New Hampshire''. 1907–1941. Reprint, Bowie, Maryland.: Heritage Books, 1989–1990. (Family History Library book 972.2 P2p.) These volumes are reprints of volumes 31–39 of the New Hampshire Provincial and State Papers. (See "Court Records" in this outline for the full citation.) They include abstracts of the wills and probate records between 1635–1771. The indexes include the names of those mentioned in the records, including the names of heirs, witnesses, and owners of nearby land.
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== History ==
*''Colonial Court Records, 1638–1772, Approx.'', cited in "Court Records" in this outline, contains references to many probate cases. Province Deeds and Probate Records from 1623– 1772, mentioned in the "Land Records" section of this outline, also contains abstracts of probate records.
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Many of the probate records are on microfilm at the Family History Library. They can be found by using the Locality Search of the Family History Library Catalog under:
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Probate records from 1636–1771, originally filed in Portsmouth and Exeter, are now in the collection at the New Hampshire Records Management and Archives. For other counties, probate records are found in the county courthouse of each county.
  
NEW HAMPSHIRE- PROBATE RECORDS
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These probate files include letters, affidavits, bills, receipts, original wills, and inventories.
  
NEW HAMPSHIRE [COUNTY]- PROBATE RECORDS
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Records of towns along the Massachusetts border may be found in either [[Massachusetts|Massachusetts]] or [[New Hampshire|New Hampshire]]. This is because New Hampshire was under Massachusetts from 1641 to 1679. The governor of Massachusetts was also the governor of New Hampshire to 1741. The boundaries with Massachusetts were not finally settled until 1739-41.
  
NEW HAMPSHIRE [COUNTY]- GUARDIANSHIP
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== State Statutes  ==
  
[[Category:New_Hampshire]]
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New Hampshire Judicial Branch, [http://www.courts.state.nh.us/probate/index.htm Circuit Court Probate Division] site has information and forms pertaining to probate. It also has a list of the [http://www.courts.state.nh.us/courtlocations/index.htm#probate probate divisions], one for each county.<br>
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== Repositories  ==
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==== State and Local  ====
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The Family History Library has microfilms of the probate records of most of the New Hampshire counties for the 1700s and 1800s. The films can be borrowed through the Family Search Centers.&nbsp;
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Some counties have sent their probate records for early years to the New Hampshire State Archives in Concord, New Hampshire. You can [http://www.sos.nh.gov/archives/genealogy.html see their list on the Internet] and learn about records sent there. You may also wish to see their [http://www.sos.nh.gov/archives/PDF/P.pdf more detailed inventory], and look under Probate Records. As of March 2012, they indicate that these probate records have been sent to the State Archives:
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Cheshire County probate records, 1771-1899. (On films to 1899 at the Family History Library.)
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Grafton County probate records, 1773-1899. (On films to 1933 at Family History Library.)
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Merrimack County probate records, 1823-1984 (one list says to 1950) (On films to about 1943 at the Family History Library.)
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Rockingham County probate records, 1771-1918 (On films to 1969 at Family History Library.)
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==== Regional  ====
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*The [[New England Historic Genealogical Society]] located in the heart of downtown Boston, Massachusetts has early New Hampshire probate records available on microfilm. To search their online library catalog click [http://library.nehgs.org/ Here].
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==== National  ====
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*The [[Family History Library|Family History Library]]&nbsp;located in Salt Lake City, Utah has many New Hampshire probate records available on microfilm.&nbsp;For collection details see the [https://www.familysearch.org/ Family History Library Catalog].&nbsp;Use the "Place Search" option to search for a specific New Hampshire county. Then look for&nbsp;topics labeled "Probate Records" or "Guardianship."
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== Statewide Record Collections  ==
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*''New Hampshire Province Deeds and Probate Records from 1623-1772''.&nbsp; Salt Lake City, Utah: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1975. Microfilm of original records at the Historical Society in Concord, New Hampshire. Includes index. {{FHL|310825|item|disp=On 118 FHL films beginning with 1001345}}
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*''Probate Records of the Province of New Hampshire''. Reprint, Bowie, Maryland.: Heritage Books, 1989–1990. ({{FHL|575906|item|disp=FHL book 974.2 P2p}}) These volumes are reprints of volumes 31–39 of the New Hampshire Provincial and State Papers. They include abstracts of the wills and probate records between 1635–1771. The indexes include the names of those mentioned in the records, including the names of heirs, witnesses, and owners of nearby land.<br><br>Digital versions of volumes 31-39 (1635-1771) are available online through Internet Archives: <br>[http://www.archive.org/details/provincialstatep31newh vol. 31] (1635-1717), [http://www.archive.org/details/provincialstatep32newh vol. 32] (1718-1740), [http://www.archive.org/details/provincialstatep33newh vol. 33]&nbsp;(1741-1749), [http://www.archive.org/details/provincialstatep34newh vol. 34] (1750-1753),<br>[http://www.archive.org/details/newhampshireprov35none vol. 35] (1754-1756), [http://www.archive.org/details/provincialstatep36newh vol. 36] (1757-1760), [http://www.archive.org/details/provincialstatep37newh vol. 37] (1760-1763), [http://www.archive.org/details/provincialstatep38newh vol. 38]&nbsp;(1764-1767),<br>[http://www.archive.org/details/provincialstatep39newh vol. 39] (1767-1771)<br><br>Volumes 31-34 (1635-1753) are also available on [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7089 Ancestry] ($).
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== Learn More  ==
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==== Published Materials  ====
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*Melnyk, Marcia D. [http://www.worldcat.org/title/genealogists-handbook-for-new-england-research/oclc/42829198&referer=brief_results ''Genealogist's Handbook for New England Research''], 4th ed. Boston, Massachusetts: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1999. ({{FHL|974 D27g}})
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==== Websites  ====
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== References  ==
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<references />
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{{New_Hampshire|New_Hampshire}}
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[[Category:New_Hampshire|Probate]]

Revision as of 22:26, 22 August 2012

United States  Gotoarrow.png  New Hampshire  Gotoarrow.png  Probate Records

Contents

Record Synopsis

Probate is the “court procedure by which a will is proved to be valid or invalid” and encompasses “all matters and proceedings pertaining to the administration of estates, guardianships, etc.”[1] Genealogists often refer to 'Probate Records' as "All records which relate to the disposition of an estate," whether the person died leaving a will (testate) or not (intestate).[2]

Various types of records are created throughout the probate process. These may include, wills, guardianships, bonds, petitions, accounts, inventories, administrations, orders, depositions, decrees, and distributions. These documents are extremely valuable to genealogists and should not be neglected. In many instances, they are the only known source of relevant information such as the decedent’s date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their places of residence. They may also include information about adoption or guardianship of minor children and dependents.

For further information about the probate process, types of probate records, analyzing probate records, and to access a glossary of probate terms, see United States Probate Records.

History

Probate records from 1636–1771, originally filed in Portsmouth and Exeter, are now in the collection at the New Hampshire Records Management and Archives. For other counties, probate records are found in the county courthouse of each county.

These probate files include letters, affidavits, bills, receipts, original wills, and inventories.

Records of towns along the Massachusetts border may be found in either Massachusetts or New Hampshire. This is because New Hampshire was under Massachusetts from 1641 to 1679. The governor of Massachusetts was also the governor of New Hampshire to 1741. The boundaries with Massachusetts were not finally settled until 1739-41.

State Statutes

New Hampshire Judicial Branch, Circuit Court Probate Division site has information and forms pertaining to probate. It also has a list of the probate divisions, one for each county.

Repositories

State and Local

The Family History Library has microfilms of the probate records of most of the New Hampshire counties for the 1700s and 1800s. The films can be borrowed through the Family Search Centers. 

Some counties have sent their probate records for early years to the New Hampshire State Archives in Concord, New Hampshire. You can see their list on the Internet and learn about records sent there. You may also wish to see their more detailed inventory, and look under Probate Records. As of March 2012, they indicate that these probate records have been sent to the State Archives:

Cheshire County probate records, 1771-1899. (On films to 1899 at the Family History Library.)

Grafton County probate records, 1773-1899. (On films to 1933 at Family History Library.)

Merrimack County probate records, 1823-1984 (one list says to 1950) (On films to about 1943 at the Family History Library.)

Rockingham County probate records, 1771-1918 (On films to 1969 at Family History Library.)

Regional

National

  • The Family History Library located in Salt Lake City, Utah has many New Hampshire probate records available on microfilm. For collection details see the Family History Library Catalog. Use the "Place Search" option to search for a specific New Hampshire county. Then look for topics labeled "Probate Records" or "Guardianship."

Statewide Record Collections

  • New Hampshire Province Deeds and Probate Records from 1623-1772.  Salt Lake City, Utah: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1975. Microfilm of original records at the Historical Society in Concord, New Hampshire. Includes index. On 118 FHL films beginning with 1001345
  • Probate Records of the Province of New Hampshire. Reprint, Bowie, Maryland.: Heritage Books, 1989–1990. (FHL book 974.2 P2p) These volumes are reprints of volumes 31–39 of the New Hampshire Provincial and State Papers. They include abstracts of the wills and probate records between 1635–1771. The indexes include the names of those mentioned in the records, including the names of heirs, witnesses, and owners of nearby land.

    Digital versions of volumes 31-39 (1635-1771) are available online through Internet Archives:
    vol. 31 (1635-1717), vol. 32 (1718-1740), vol. 33 (1741-1749), vol. 34 (1750-1753),
    vol. 35 (1754-1756), vol. 36 (1757-1760), vol. 37 (1760-1763), vol. 38 (1764-1767),
    vol. 39 (1767-1771)

    Volumes 31-34 (1635-1753) are also available on Ancestry ($).

Learn More

Published Materials

Websites

References

  1. Henry Campbell Black, Black's Law Dictionary, 5th ed. (St. Paul, Minnesota: West Publishing Co., 1979), 1081, "probate."
  2. Val. D. Greenwood, The Researcher's Guide to American Genealogy, 3rd ed. (Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 2000), 309.